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“we did not deny Christ during the perseCution ution beCause we knew the

word ord of

god” od” Middle eastern believer "Khalid” with his bible

this Christmas, help perseCuted believers stand firm in Christ

give them bibles through harvest of hope® } FroM bibles to sewing Machines, Partners international’s harvest oF hoPe® giFt catalog oFFers More than 60 ways you can MaKe a diFFerence this christMas in the hard Places oF the world.

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 ,  /  ,  


34 Border bandits

COVER STORY Illegal immigration may be down, but ranchers and farmers in south Texas say the influx continues and it’s becoming more violent and criminal

42 Going wages

Employers say the Obama administration’s attempt to increase pay for temporary, legal foreign workers will lead to large layoffs

46 Minority report

How Libya’s new government treats religious and ethnic minorities will be its litmus test of “democracy”

48 The generation that will pay

Millennials, frustrated with the nation’s debt but juggling babies and law school, are taking action: They’re running for Congress

52 What is a tax increase?

Democrats are dodging a deficit deal, but some Republicans in Congress are willing to raise revenue by closing loopholes for the wealthy in exchange for lower rates. The problem: That may break their signed pledge against tax hikes

54 Campus conformity

Christian university groups hope the Supreme Court will protect them from rules that sabotage their mission ON THE COVER: An undocumented immigrant apprehended in the desert near the Mexican border is processed before being transported to a detention center near Sasabe, Ariz.; photo by Scott Olson/Getty Images





DISPATCHES 5 News 14 Human Race 16 Quotables 18 Quick Takes



REVIEWS 23 Movies & TV 26 Books 28 Q&A 30 Music


NOTEBOOK 57 Lifestyle 60 Technology 62 Science 63 Houses of God 64 Sports 65 Money 66 Religion


VOICES 3 Joel Belz 20 Janie B. Cheaney 32 Mindy Belz 71 Mailbag 75 Andrée Seu 76 Marvin Olasky

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WORLD (ISSN -X) (USPS -) is published biweekly ( issues) for . per year by God’s World Publications, (no mail)  All Souls Crescent, Asheville, NC ; () -. Periodical postage paid at Asheville, , and additional mailing offi ces. Printed in the . Reproduction in whole or in part without written permission is prohibited. ©  God’s World Publications. All rights reserved. : Send address changes to WORLD, P.O. Box , Asheville,  -.

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“The earth is the L’s and the fullness thereof; the world and those who dwell therein.” —   :

with our


 Editor in Chief   Editor   Managing Editor   News Editor   Senior Writers  .  /     /  .  /     /    /   Reporters   /    Correspondents   /     /   /      /   /     /   /     /   /     /   /   Mailbag Editor   Executive Assistant  c Editorial Assistants   /  

 Art Director  .  Associate Art Director  .  Illustrator   Graphic Designer   Brand Design Director    

 Web Executive Editor  c Web Assistant Editor  

       

Invest Wisely.

Founder   Publisher  .  CEO   Associate Publisher   

Send Him.

  Customer Service Office .. Customer Service Manager  

 Advertising Office .. Director of Sales and Marketing   Account Execs   /   /   The World Market  

              

Thousands of native missionaries in poorer countries effectively take the gospel to unreached people groups

in areas that are extremely difficult God’s World Publications   () for American missionaries to reach.   /   /   4 They speak the local languages   /   /   4 They are part of the culture   /  .  /   4 They never need a visa, airline   /   tickets, or furloughs   /   /   4 They win souls and plant

             

churches Native missionaries serve the Lord at a fraction of what it costs to send an American missionary overseas.

To report, interpret, and illustrate the news in a timely, accurate, enjoyable, and arresting fashion from a perspec tive Help provide for a missionary committed to the Bible as the inerrant Word of God. with $50 per month. WORLD is available on microfi lm from Bell & Howell Information and Learning,  N. Zeeb Rd., Ann Arbor, MI . Indexing provided by the Christian Periodical Index. Christian Aid Mission P. O. Box 9037 Charlottesville, VA 22906

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HOW TO REACH US .. /

R.C. Sproul. Your gift at the end of the year strengthens us to continue to proclaim the holiness of God to as many people as possible. To make your gift today please call 800-435-4343.

To subscribe, renew, change address, give a gift, order back issues, etc.: Email: Online: Phone: .. within the U.S. or .. outside the U.S. Write: WORLD, P.O. Box , Asheville,  - Reprints and permissions: Contact June McGraw at .. or WORLD occasionally rents subscriber names to carefully screened, like-minded organizations. If you would prefer not to receive these promotions, please call customer service and ask to be placed on our    list.

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outreach of Ligonier Ministries, the teaching fellowship of

Joel Belz

Slingshot victories

Whatever the outlook for journalism’s Goliaths, the future for WORLD looks bright



“D’ .” The thoughtful counselor was trying to pick up his friend’s spirits. “Cheer up! Things could be worse.” “So I cheered up,” the friend reported. “And sure enough—things got worse.” Almost certainly, from my perspective, the fellow needing help was from one of the nation’s biggest newspapers (like The New York Times), or one of its long influential magazines (like U.S. News & World Report), or one of its major broadcasting networks (remember Walter Cronkite?). Throughout the mainstream media, things are very bad indeed. Calamity, disaster, and ruin are not just the story line mainstream journalists are reporting. They’ve become the story of those businesses themselves. So why are we at WORLD magazine, and the news group growing around WORLD, not in the dumps about things? Why don’t we see the glass right now the way so many media people see it—as  percent empty? Some suggest it’s because we’re naïve—that we haven’t taken a thoughtful measure of how bad things really are for the media, for business in general, and for the world at large. They hear us say we want to be culture changers— bringing salt and light to a hurting and hurtful society all around us—but they say we have a bloated sense of what we can do about it. We’re kidding ourselves, they say, if we think we can even make a dent on things. Well, certainly we don’t want to be unrealistic. But if cold-eyed realism had always been the main determinant, we wouldn’t have launched WORLD magazine  years ago. We wouldn’t have kept throwing good money


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after bad through a dozen years of red ink—when we tried everything and still couldn’t build a paid circulation of more than ,. From the beginning of the WORLD (and the double meaning is intentional), vision has always counted for more than faithless realism. In God’s scheme of things, it’s always been that way. But maybe never more than now. In our early years, there was no question who the Davids were among publishers—and who were the modern-day Goliaths. Even compared to some of its counterparts among religious periodicals, WORLD had little more to offer than a slingshot. Our technique was never to build a giant corporate entity, or to raise billions of dollars in capital. Our goal was instead to demonstrate journalistically that God honors those who put Him first, who strive to live by a biblical worldview, who seek to change the world, little by little, through the application of that worldview. But God still knows how to use slingshots. At the right time—for us, at least—critical tools like desktop publishing, the internet, and cell phones all came along just as one publishing Goliath after another took a tumble. Unexpectedly, the huge gaps between them (the Goliaths) and us (the Davids) shrank. Unexpectedly, we were publishing more issues than some of them were. Unexpectedly, many of our issues were thicker than theirs. Unexpectedly, we were doing more firsthand reporting from foreign countries than some of them were. To be sure, all this still took some significant investment. But because God was using slingshots rather than massive armor, it’s been taking a lot less investment than we imagined a decade or two ago. Which means, as we come to the end of the year and my annual request that you consider a gift to WORLD, that I don’t have to ask you for billions of dollars but mere thousands instead! For many of you, that will mean gifts in the , , and  range. Some of you will buoy us up with gifts of  and ,. And I am asking that a few of you might be moved to commit to give , a year for the next three years; call or write me about that, and we’ll sit down and talk about how many slingshots that will buy! I hope you read Publisher Nick Eicher’s column on p.  in our last (Nov. ) issue, where he detailed some of the projects our WORLD news group is taking on—including a new weekly radio news program. Tough days indeed for publishers. But instead of getting worse, we really see things as getting wonderfully better. Use the attached envelope to be part of that exciting improvement. A DECEMBER 3, 2011


11/17/11 1:39 PM

There’s room on campus for free speech...

...very little room.


This pro-life University student was arrested for trespassing ... on her own campus.

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Italian desıgners NEWS: In the European debt crisis is perhaps a victory of reality over socialist ideology BY WARREN COLE SMITH



T U.S.  is taking tentative steps forward, but by almost any definition Europe is still a mess. The Greek drama may yet reach a satisfactory denouement, via bailouts and austerity measures. But Italy—Europe’s third-largest economy—has upstaged Greece. Italy’s crisis began when rates on -year bonds rose past  percent in early November. That is  percent higher than German bonds and reflects the riskiness of Italian debt. According to Rusty Leonard of Stewardship Partners, “At these levels, Italy is not able to finance itself. Similar rates triggered the bailouts of Greece, Ireland, and Portugal.” With debt approaching  trillion (₣. trillion), Italy is too big to rescue, a fact captured in an increasingly repeated sound-bite: “Too big to fail and too big to bail.” Much of this debt is already owned by banks and other financial institutions around the world. So if Italy can’t make payments on its debt, a global cash-flow crisis would follow—affecting thousands of banks and the millions of corporations and individuals who do business with them. The only good news is that the crisis provides a near-textbook opportunity to FACING FACTS: New Italian Prime compare free-market ideas to socialist Minister designate, ideas. Germany, France, and England— Mario Monti with Europe’s other economic powerhouses— former prime have made free-market reforms and minister Silvio Berlusconi (right). imposed spending cuts. As a result, they are faring better. Countries such as Italy, Greece, and Spain still struggle under Keynesian and neo-socialist ideas of centralized planning and deficit spending. In fact, Mario Draghi, the head of the European Central Bank, said in November that “external forces”—such as the debt purchasing activities of the European Central Bank itself—can’t solve the problems in Greece Available in Apple’s App Store: Download WORLD’s ’s iPad app today

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DECEMBER 3, 2011


11/17/11 11:49 AM

and Italy. That remarkable admission was bureaucrat-ese for: What a country sows, it also eventually must reap. Pretty basic, but some European leaders apparently missed Sunday school that day, making Draghi’s assertion, however obvious, a victory of reality over ideology. Italy appears to be learning this lesson—the hard way. The profligate and corrupt Silvio Berlusconi resigned as prime minister after austerity measures passed the parliament on Nov. . Mario Monti, by all accounts a quiet and competent technocrat, took the reins. But he will have much to fix. Italy’s corruption was not confined to Berlusconi. Thousands of senior government officials have lavish perquisites, and tax evasion is not only common, but almost expected. Monti, on the other hand, walks the streets of Rome without bodyguards, drives himself when he can’t walk, and carries his own bags— common man touches that are generating good will. As the demands of the job increase—and the dangers he will encounter as he engages the essential PROTEST: A demonstrator task of fighting in Rome wears a T-shirt Nov.  showing Berlusconi. corruption— this modest style might of necessity change, but insiders and outsiders say he has struck the right opening chord. So if the old saying that “whatever doesn’t kill us makes us stronger” is true, we might look back on this era of financial brinksmanship as one in which Europe came to its senses. That is, if Monti can survive, politically and otherwise. Two millennia ago, Rome gave inspiration for democracy. More recently, however, it gave us the treachery of the Borgias. These worldviews are in conflict for the soul of Italy today—and perhaps the European economy. A

Private flight to ISS

On Nov. , SpaceX, a privately owned Space taxi, will launch one of its Falcon rockets from Cape Canaveral to deliver cargo to the International Space Station. In the post– space shuttle era, NASA will depend on SpaceX and three other private companies to continue the agency’s mission.

LOOKING AHEAD Kennedy Awards

President Barack Obama on Dec.  will present awards to actress Meryl Street, singer Neil Diamond, cellist Yo-Yo Ma, and others when the Kennedy Center marks its th anniversary with its yearly awards ceremony.

Nobel Prizes awarded

King Harald V of Norway will present the Nobel Peace Prize to three women on Dec. — Gbowee just-reelected Liberian President Ellen Johnson Sirleaf, Liberian activist Leymah Gbowee, and Tawakkul Karman of Yemen—for their roles in expanding women’s rights. On the same day, King Carl XVI Gustaf of Sweden will award Nobel Prizes for Physics, Chemistry, Medicine, Literature, Sirleaf and Economics.

Pearl Harbor Day

The date which will live in infamy is now  years old. On Dec.  in , the Empire of Japan launched a surprise attack on the United States naval base in Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, sinking five battleships, killing more than ,, and drawing the United States into World War II. Survivors, who are now in their s and few in number, will lay wreaths in ceremonies across the nation.

Norwegian shooter assessed A court in Norway

gave psychiatrists until Nov.  to determine whether Anders Behring Breivik is ment ally fit to stand trial for the murders of  people killed in a July  massacre in the Scandinavian country. Breivik already confessed to the killings, but the psychiatrists’ report could mean the difference between spending the rest of his Karman life in prison or in a mental institution.


Dispatches > News


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Getting old

In a move analysts say will cost about , jobs and billions in lost revenue, the Obama administration announced that it will delay construction of the Keystone XL pipeline, a ,-mile project designed to bring oil from Canada to Gulf Coast ports in Texas. The U.S. State Department on Nov.  delayed for at least a year granting a license to TransCanada Corp., the company funding the project, to allow the EPA and Nebraska environmental authorities time to study an “environmentally sensitive” area of the pipeline crossing. Environmental groups have long protested the project, citing the risk of an oil spill contaminating a large aquifer in Nebraska. But TransCanada already has improved safety standards in that region to alleviate the risk. Canadian Prime Minister Stephen Harper quickly responded to the decision, saying the oil that was to be delivered to the United States via the pipeline would instead go to China and other parts of Asia. Ironically, points out Douglas Gregory of the Cornwall Institute, the diverted oil to China faces lower safety requirements there, “resulting in greater risk of spills in transport and greater CO and other emissions from the less efficient and less regulated uses in those countries.”

BIG KILL Colombian soldiers killed Alfonso Cano, the leader of the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia, or FARC, in a gunfight Nov.  that followed a bomb attack. FARC is the oldest and largest insurgency in Latin America, and has waged war on successive governments since . Colombians hope Cano’s death deals a fatal blow to the communist guerrilla group, which has kidnapped and killed citizens also, including three U.S. missionaries killed in .

PIPE DREAMS: Rail cars in Milton, N.D., loaded with pipe for the first Keystone Pipeline project.


Police decked in riot gear moved into Zuccotti Park in the pre-dawn hours Nov.  after New York Mayor Michael Bloomberg authorized the eviction of protesters— two months after they began camping out there round-the-clock, launching a national phenomenon protesting economic disparity and unemployment, among other things. Police arrested about  who were unwilling to leave the park, and another  or more the next day, when thousands took to occupying New York’s streets and subways, shutting off entrances to the New York Stock Exchange. Though they promised to continue citywide action, public frustration with blocked streets—making it difficult for those working instead of protesting to get to work—made tough police enforcement more likely. As violence and frustration with the movement grew, Kalle Lasn, co-founder of Adbusters, the Canadian magazine that issued the initial call to “occupy,” admitted, “Somehow we lost the high ground, we lost the narrative.”



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Dispatches > News

The big Two

are frontrunners gingrich and romney able to overcome major stumbling blocks? by Marvin olasky


krieg barrie


WORLD began its coverage of the GOP presidential sweepstakes before most people were paying attention. The first two candidates we profiled in cover stories were Newt Gingrich (June 18) and Mitt Romney (July 16). With other Republican leaders deciding not to run, self-destructing, or never gaining traction, Gingrich and Romney are now the big two. Neither of our profiles emphasized how the candidates appeared on television. We looked at what the people who had worked closely with them during their four-year periods of leadership—Gingrich as speaker of the House, Romney as governor of Massachusetts—thought of them. I spoke with Dick Armey, Tom DeLay, and many then-junior members of Congress. Almost all of them characterized Gingrich as a self-aggrandizing leader. Rep. Pete Hoekstra said Gingrich “appears to have an ‘I complex’ (similar to Obama) that may be a fatal character flaw if he hasn’t addressed it.” Many commented not so much on Gingrich’s two divorces but on the affair he carried on all the time he was speaker, at a time when opponents were working to castrate the Republican Revolution that Gingrich personified.

Hoekstra said, “It is almost unforgivable and a real weakness of leadership when you jeopardize your followers.” WORLD news editor Jamie Dean asked many Massachusetts conservative leaders about Romney and was surprised to hear positive assessments. For example, Massachusetts Family Institute director Kris Mineau, a conservative evangelical, said Romney was a consistent ally and “a startling breath of fresh air. ... We sorely miss him.” Some evangelicals are sticking with Herman Cain, and others wish that Gingrich and Romney were not the frontrunners. After Rick Perry’s debate self-immolation, I emailed Mike Huckabee and said he should consider jumping into the GOP presidential race. His response: “It might be too late. It is amazing how things have turned out. I didn’t think Perry would do that well, but I never imagined he would take a gasoline shower and light a match to himself this soon.” It is amazing, but give Gingrich credit for anticipating that this year’s run-up to the Iowa caucus would be as similar to past campaigns as World War II blitzkriegs were to World War I trench warfare. With debates becoming central, many conservatives have

enjoyed Gingrich’s intellectual defense of conservative ideas and his sneers at journalistic questioners. And yet, the presidency is more than debate performance. Gingrich still must deal with character questions, including how Democrats used their knowledge of his sexual recklessness. Three liberals— Rep. Barney Frank of Massachusetts, former Rep. Beryl Anthony of Arkansas, and writer Gail Sheehy—have told me that they knew about Gingrich’s affair long before it went public. Dick Armey told me that President Bill Clinton also knew. We may be in for a repeat of the drama 22 years ago when conservative leader Paul Weyrich fought President George H.W. Bush’s nomination of conservative John Tower to be secretary of Defense. Weyrich spoke about Tower’s drinking habits and the time he spent with women “to whom he was not married.” When the Senate refused to confirm Tower, Weyrich said it was a victory for those who cared about “the linkage between private conduct and public service.” Meanwhile, some evangelicals oppose Mitt Romney because of his Mormon faith. Romney is not about to change that, but he must find a way to convince more conservatives outside of Massachusetts that he made progress as governor of an ultra-liberal state and could do even better as president of a moderately conservative country. A December 3, 2011

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11/17/11 8:46 AM

Dispatches > News

Bombing runs

Iran’s gamble

Israel “more and more likely” to strike against Tehran’s threatening nuclear arsenal  by jamie dean More than 1,000 pages of intelligence and a decade of research led the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) to declare what many suspected for years: Iran is likely using the guise of energy research to develop nuclear weapons. The agency’s Nov. 8 report wasn’t full of new findings, but it did connect the dots between years’ worth of data on Iran’s nuclear capacities and confirmed U.S. officials’ worries that the rogue nation could be edging toward a nuclear arsenal. The study included reports that Iran has developed facilities to test nuclear explosions, and that Iranian researchers have engaged in computer modeling of a nuclear warhead. Such research would belie Iran’s claims that the nation is only pursuing nuclear energy. U.S. officials warned that Iran must answer the report or face the possibility of more sanctions. Israeli President Shimon Peres warned that sanctions may not deter Iran’s nuclear intentions, particularly against Israel: Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad (above) has called for Israel’s destruction. Three days before IAEA officially released its report, Peres told a privately owned Israeli television network that a military strike against Iran was growing “more and more likely,” though it’s unclear if the Israeli president could garner support within his security cabinet to launch an attack. Iranian officials denied the IAEA’s claims, and the country’s supreme leader, Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, said that any aggressors against Iran would be “smashed from the inside.” He added: “The Iranian nation is not a nation that only sits and watches threats coming from straw powers, which are internally eaten by worms.”


For South Sudanese citizens fleeing violence along the country’s northern border with Sudan, finding safety is growing more difficult: As UN workers unloaded food at a camp for more than 20,000 refugees in South Sudan on Nov. 10, a military plane swooped overhead, dropping an estimated four bombs. Local officials reported at least 12 deaths. Aid group Samaritan’s Purse reported that its workers in the camp were safe after the attack. The relief agency manages distribution of food and other supplies in the sprawling refugee settlement, and reports severe shortages. Three days earlier, Sudanese military planes bombed the South Sudanese AGGRESSION: A soldier  town of points toward a Sudanese  Queffa, killplane moments before it  ing at least bombed an area near the  blue Nile town of Kurmuk. seven. South Sudanese President Salva Kiir said he fears Sudan’s government is planning an invasion of South Sudan less than five months after the country declared its independence from its northern counterpart and won international recognition. An estimated 230,000 residents have fled violence along the country’s disputed northsouth border since July.

covertly conscious

Three hospitalized, brain-damaged men who were unresponsive and apparently unconscious of their surroundings caught observers by surprise when they repeatedly responded to commands by researchers. Although the men, diagnosed as vegetative, couldn’t physically move or speak, a headset of electrodes measured their brain activity after neurologists asked them to imagine wiggling their toes or clenching a fist. One of the patients responded over 100 times, the researchers reported in The Lancet, a British medical journal. Roughly 20,000 Americans are living in a persistent vegetative state—a condition of being awake but presumably unaware. That condition led to a national outcry over the late Terri Schiavo, whose feeding tube was removed in 2005. The results of the new study suggest one-fifth of these patients might actually retain consciousness. A brain scanning system could enable them to communicate with their families.


WORLD  December 3, 2011

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11/17/11 3:43 PM

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11/15/11 9:56 AM

Dispatches > News

Mandate challenge

The Supreme Court on Nov.  picked its biggest case of the coming year in agreeing to hear several challenges to the healthcare overhaul this spring, meaning the court will render some kind of decision before the  presidential elections. The court, scheduling a modern record of ½ hours for the case, will focus on the law’s mandate that individuals buy health insurance, potentially deciding the extent of the federal government’s power in such areas. The justices also agreed to hear a challenge from states that objected to the law’s Medicaid requirements, another potentially watershed issue that could determine the requirements the federal government can impose on state spending. The high court is anything but predictable on this case, and the circuit courts haven’t been politically predictable, either: In both the th Circuit U.S. Court of Appeals and the D.C. Circuit, Republican-appointed judges were the deciding votes upholding the law. The Supreme Court agreed to hear appeals from the one circuit court that deemed the individual mandate unconstitutional, the th Circuit (where a Democratic appointee joined the decision). The justices could strike or uphold the entire law, strike or uphold the individual mandate, or they could simply rule that no one can contest the law until taxpayers have paid penalties, which will be due in .



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PERSONHOOD LOSS More than  percent of Mississippi voters rejected a November ballot initiative that would have legally defined life as beginning at fertilization. Despite this defeat, Personhood USA, the pro-life group behind the ballot measure, vowed to continue pushing for similar personhood initiatives in other states. “We are prepared for a long journey,” said the group’s Keith Ashley. “Changing a culture—and MISSED OPPORTUNITY: changing a country—will not Adam and Debbie happen with one election.” The Browne supporting group has mounted efforts to the personhood place similar initiatives on  initiative on Nov.  in Jackson, Miss. ballots in California, Florida, Montana, Nevada, Ohio, and Oregon. Colorado voters defeated similar proposals in  and . Ultimately, a successful personhood initiative would prompt a legal challenge that likely would reach the U.S. Supreme Court, forcing justices to reexamine the legality of abortion.


Solyndra executives may have “pleaded the Fifth” before a House committee this fall, but Energy Secretary Steven Chu could not: Chu tried to answer a string of tough questions Nov.  about the  million loan to the bankrupt California solar company. The House Energy and Commerce Committee released more documents related to the loan, including emails in which Department of Energy officials asked Solyndra’s chief executive to delay announcing layoffs until the day after the  midterm elections. The executive had planned to announce layoffs on Oct. . DOE officials “did push very hard for us to hold our announcement of the consolidation to employees and vendors to Nov. rd—oddly they didn’t give a reason for that date,” wrote a Solyndra investment adviser on Oct. , . “I would not have been in favor of that decision,” Chu told the committee. “I don’t think it’s a proper way to do business.” The fallout from the Solyndra loan is coming from various quarters: Hoover Institution scholar Peter Schweizer’s newly released book, Throw Them All Out, is one. The book—which gained attention in November for its accusation that members of Congress engaged in insider trading— also alleges that  percent of alternative energy loans through the DOE went to companies either run or owned by financial backers of President Obama or the Democratic Party.

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11/17/11 4:37 PM


Energy and elections

Cain falling The campaign of Herman Cain came out fighting on Nov.  against accusations of sexual harassment dating back to when he led the National Restaurant Association in the s. “The charges and the accusations I absolutely reject,” Cain said at a news conference. “They simply didn’t happen.” Six days later, Cain’s wife, Gloria, who has not had a high-profile role in the campaign, came to her husband’s defense on FOX’s On the Record: “I know the person that he is, and I know that the person that they were talking about, I don’t know who that person is.” But whether it was fallout from the accusations, a series of gaffes during interviews, or a combination of both, Cain began to see his stock fall in the polls. He dropped to under  percent in the RealClearPolitics averages of national polls for Nov.  to Nov. , putting him third behind Mitt Romney and Newt Gingrich.



Stemmed research The California company behind the first governmentapproved human trials using embryonic stem cells announced Nov.  that it is halting its tests. Geron Corp. cited costs as the reason behind the decision to shut down its embryonic stem-cell projects. The company will now devote all of its resources to cancer research. Many analysts, however, doubted that financial limits were to blame and suggested instead that embryonic stem-cell research was not getting the results in medical breakthroughs its advocates had expected. Dr. Daniel Salomon, associate professor in the department of molecular and experimental medicine at the Scripps Research Institute in San Diego, sounded a skeptical note to “This company would not walk away from this trial in the absence of an unexpected complication or safety concern, if there was any evidence that it was working.”

SHREDDED AGAIN A potential political scandal in Kansas grew wider on Nov.  as prosecutors revealed that former state Attorney General Steve Six in  destroyed copies of records important to the prosecution of abortion provider Planned Parenthood. Six is now under investigation in Kansas to determine whether his actions violated state law and the retention policy of the attorney general’s office. The documents were copies of abortion reports that Johnson County District Attorney Stephen Howe had sought as evidence for  felony counts of falsifying client records against DEEP SIX: Planned Parenthood of Kansas and Mid-Missouri. The The former Kansas Department of Health and the Environment Kansas had shredded the original records in  during attorney what it called a “routine” destruction of documents. general. Both instances of shredding happened while Democrat Kathleen Sebelius, a Planned Parenthood ally, was governor of Kansas, and Six’s destruction of his copies came during the April  Senate hearings on Sebelius’ nomination to be U.S. secretary of Health and Human Services, a post she now holds. With neither the originals nor the copies, the “legal hurdles are insurmountable” to move forward with the case, Howe told Johnson County District Court Judge Stephen Tatum on Nov. . Tatum dismissed the  felony counts and  related misdemeanor counts against Planned Parenthood. The abortion provider faces  additional misdemeanor counts of failure to determine the viability of unborn children and unlawful late-term abortions. A Feb. , , hearing in Johnson County will involve those charges. After the Nov.  hearing, current Attorney General Derek Schmidt asked Shawnee County Sheriff Dick Barta to investigate Six’s actions, a request Barta granted. (A representative from the firm where Six now practices law said he was not available for comment.) Mary Kay Culp of Kansans for Life has called on the Kansas Legislature to review the case in its entirety: “Guilty people destroy evidence,” she said. “Really guilty people destroy evidence twice.” DECEMBER 3, 2011

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11/17/11 4:36 PM

Dispatches > Human Race

A jury convicted Dr. Conrad Murray, , of involuntary manslaughter for giving the powerful anesthetic Propofol to Michael Jackson, resulting in the pop star’s  drugoverdose death. Murray, who faces up to four years in prison, plans to appeal.

 A new round of Guantanamo Bay war crimes tribunals has begun with the arraignment of Abd alRahim al-Nashiri, , a Saudi held for nine years for his suspected role in planning the USS Cole bombing in . Although in  President Obama halted new cases as part of his vow to close Guantanamo Bay, he failed to gain congressional support and announced earlier this year that the military tribunals would resume. Al-Nashiri is tentatively due to stand trial in November .

 Former City Capital CEO Ephren Taylor, , is facing a class action lawsuit that alleges he is a con artist who targeted



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Just weeks after stepping down from his chair on CBS’s  Minutes, Andy Rooney died Nov.  at age . The curmudgeonly commentator had worked at  for  years.


 Authorities rescued Washington Nationals catcher Wilson Ramos, , after gunmen kidnapped him while he visited family in Venezuela on Nov. . Ramos said his captors, six of whom are now in jail, had planned to seek a hefty ransom. The Major League Baseball rookie is expected to remain in the country to play for his Venezuelan winter ball team.

 Jim Bob and Michelle Duggar, stars of TLC’s  Kids and Counting, announced last

month that they are expecting their th child. Their th child, Josie, arrived in  three and a half months premature after Michelle, , encountered complications.

“Family Circus” comic creator Bil Keane died Nov.  at age . Keane began drawing characters Billy, Jeffy, Dolly, P.J., and their parents in February , often mining from his own family experiences to highlight the humor of home life. Today Keane’s son Jeff creates the one-panel cartoon, which appears in nearly , newspapers.

 Former heavyweight Frazier, champion Joe Frazier who prevailed in  over Muhammad Ali in a -round boxing match dubbed the Fight of the Century, died Nov.  at age .




mostly African-American congregations—including Eddie Long’s Atlanta-based New Birth Missionary Baptist Church—and swindled church members out of millions of dollars. The charismatic Taylor reportedly gave financial seminars at the churches where he promised a guaranteed return. But attorneys say it was really a Ponzi scheme that fell apart. Federal authorities also are investigating Taylor.

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11/17/11 1:10 PM

Taught by Professor Steve Joordens


university of totonto scarborough











Memory and the Human Lifespan



lecture titles 1. Memory Is a Party 2. The Ancient “Art of Memory” 3. Rote Memorization and a Science of Forgetting 4. Sensory Memory—Brief Traces of the Past 5. The Conveyor Belt of Working Memory 6. Encoding—Our Gateway into Long-Term Memory 7. Episodic and Semantic Long-Term Memory 8. The Secret Passage—Implicit Memory 9. From Procedural Memory to Habit 10. When Memory Systems Battle—Habits vs. Goals 11. Sleep and the Consolidation of Memories 12. Infant and Early Childhood Memory 13. Animal Cognition and Memory 14. Mapping Memory in the Brain 15. Neural Network Models 16. Learning from Brain Damage and Amnesias 17. The Many Challenges of Alzheimer’s Disease 18. That Powerful Glow of Warm Familiarity 19. Déjà Vu and the Illusion of Memory 20. Recovered Memories or False Memories? 21. Mind the Gaps! Memory as Reconstruction 22. How We Choose What’s Important to Remember 23. Aging, Memory, and Cognitive Transition 24. The Monster at the End of the Book

Discover Startling Revelations about Human Memory While many of us think of human memory as just a way to call up facts or episodes from our pasts, the truth is that it is much, much more. Your various memory systems, in fact, create the ongoing narrative that makes your life truly yours. Without them, you wouldn’t be able to make decisions, learn, or even form a personality that sets you apart from others. In Memory and the Human Lifespan, Professor Steve Joordens— winner of the President’s Teaching Award from the University of Toronto—guides you on a startling voyage into the world of memory. His 24 lectures explain what makes memory possible and how it works; how memory shapes your experiences of the past, present, and your expectations for the future; and how your memory develops during your life. The result is a highly informative, fascinating exploration you’ll never forget. CREDIT

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11/15/11 9:55 AM

Dispatches > Quotables

“I don’t have Moses’ staff, and I won’t create miracles.” ABDURRAHIM EL-KEIB, new prime minister of Libya, to protesters seeking jobs and back pay.

“I am the government.” New York Gov. ANDREW CUOMO, during a Nov.  CUOMO radio interview, arguing that his rise in the polls is due to better service by the state government for New Yorkers. The comment quickly spread via Twitter.

“That campaign was an amazing experience. But I don’t think I’m in the same mind-set anymore. He hasn’t really addressed the young people, and we helped him to get elected.” University of Nevada, Las Vegas, student EMMA GUERRERO, who worked as a volunteer for Barack Obama’s presidential campaign in , on the decline in youth enthusiasm for the president entering the  campaign season.

“Really glad I wore my boots 2nite because I stepped in it out there.” GOP presidential candidate RICK PERRY (right)) via Twitter, on not being able to remember one of the three cabinet agencies he wants to eliminate, during the Nov.  debate.



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11/17/11 3:47 PM


Oklahoma Gov. MARY FALLIN, who on Nov.  declared a state of emergency for  counties because of earthquakes, tornados, and severe storms. So far this year, state records have fallen for lowest temperature, largest snowfall, highest surface wind speed, biggest earthquake, and largest hailstone.

Gen. MARTIN DEMPSEY (left), chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, testifying before the Senate Armed Forces Committee, on whether any U.S. military commanders favored the withdrawal of U.S. troops from Iraq that is scheduled to happen by the end of the year.


“It’s been a tough year.”

“None of us recommended that we completely withdraw from Iraq.”



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11/17/11 7:53 AM

Dispatches > Quick Takes  

Emma French really wanted to take her driving test on Aug. . How badly? The -year-old Briton, who hails from outside Edinburgh, Scotland, and was pregnant at the time, braved labor contractions to retake the test that she had failed in March. Her water broke the morning of the test. “Everyone was telling me to go to the hospital but I had waited so long for my driving test, I was determined to do it,” she told the Mirror. French passed the test—and then drove to the hospital and gave birth to daughter Eva later that day.

    Staff at Sunshine Serpents in central Florida were incubating eight milk snake eggs. So it was a bit surprising when nine heads popped out as the snakes hatched in late October. But it wasn’t a mistake. Workers at the conservation group had just hatched an ultra-rare two-headed albino Honduran milk snake. “I did a double take. I couldn’t believe what I was looking at,” said University of Central Florida biologist Daniel Parker, who runs the conservation group. According to Parker, his newly hatched milk snake has two brains, which command a single body. In the wild, Parker says the snake would have a difficult time surviving, so, he says, he’ll keep it with the conservation group.



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  Jerry Laliberte admits that he thought about it. “I was scared. It scared me. My hands were shaking,” said Laliberte. “I wasn’t sure what to do, to tell the truth.” The Florida plumber had just found , wrapped in aluminum foil inside an airduct he was cleaning. Thinking briefly about applying “finders-keepers” rules, the -year-old thought better of it and alerted the homeowner. As it happens, the foil pack of cash had belonged to the previous owner, an older woman who liked stashing money around the house in odd places.


  Your online source for today’s news, Christian views

11/16/11 10:38 AM


Three men charged with theft in the Poltava region of Ukraine would have a hard time returning to the scenes of their crimes. That’s because the scenes of their crimes were on the move. Ukrainian police say the three men stole items from trucks as they drove down highways at night. “A car with a specially reinforced hood would drive up behind a truck moving at - kilometers per hour,” a police statement said. “Standing on the hood, one of the thieves would then open the locks with wire-cutters, get in and pass the loot over to his accomplice.” Police, who did not identify the suspects, believe the men were involved in  cases of theft.

 



A new offering made by a Florida company named Scottish Spirits Ltd eventually may be popular with Muslims, but apparently not with Scots. The company is making a new beverage, ArKay, which copies the flavor of whiskey, but without the alcohol. ArKay has managed to gain Halal certification, which means it could eventually become a big seller in the Muslim world. But that won’t keep Scottish whiskey connoisseurs from mocking it: “It is not possible to make alcohol-free whisky,” a spokesman for the Scotch Whisky Association complained. “This company is trying to exploit whisky’s reputation with highly irresponsible marketing.”

  Laser technology isn’t just for weapons systems or optics. One scientist, who recently received a large grant from the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, says laser lights can help prevent malaria. A few years ago, Columbia University professor Szabolcs Marka—an astrophysicist at Columbia by day—wondered how fruit flies and mosquitoes would react to a thin wall of light created by laser beams. “They do walk or fly into it. Then they turn back. They don’t want to cross it,” Marka discovered. The Gates Foundation had initially invested , into Marka’s research. But now that Marka’s light wall system shows promise, the foundation is granting it another  million.

  Customers who buy beef from, a meat supplier based in northeastern Germany, can now decide how they want their cow to die. Customers who don’t mind their beef deriving from cows killed in a slaughterhouse can choose that method. But, for those who either believe that slaughterhouses are inhumane, or believe that the stress induced by the slaughterhouse produces tougher meat, has another choice: The cows are killed in the field as they graze. But customers will have to spend more: Field-killed beef goes for over  per pound.

  On Oct. , a -year-old man in Vallejo, Calif., reportedly made a  bet with friends: Could he fit into a toddler swing at the park? After lathering himself up with liquid laundry soap, he squeezed into the swing’s leg holes. Unfortunately for him, he fit. The friends then took off, leaving him to spend the night in the swing at Blue Rock Springs Park. Nine hours later, at  a.m., a park groundskeeper heard his screams for help and called the police. They called the fire department, which had an ambulance transport the man to the hospital, body still wedged in the swing. A doctor used a cast cutter to remove the swing from the bruised body of the man, whom authorities did not identify.

  Anti-vaccination parents have found the next-best-thing to pox parties: pox deliveries. A Nashville television station on Nov.  reported that parents, who philosophically disagree with vaccinating their child against chicken pox, have increasingly been turning to Facebook to find ways to infect their children with chicken pox in order to build an immunity to it. One Facebook page, titled “Find a Pox Party in your Area,” purported to help parents ship contaminated items like licked lollipops and blankets to parents who wanted to infect their children with the virus. Small problem: Knowingly sending infected items through the United States Mail is a federal offense. Since the story broke, moderators of the pox party group have amended their description, warning parents who want to receive the virus by mail to conduct their business through private channels. DECEMBER 3, 2011

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11/16/11 10:40 AM

Janie B. Cheaney

The optimist club

Christians have an unshakable reason to hope even as anxieties about America grow




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impossible even to curb gently. “The evil of big government is not that it is a waste of money, but that it lays waste to people,” writes Steyn. The only remotely encouraging sign is the rise of constitutional activists like the Tea Party. John Podhoretz sees more sunshine. The wild mood swings of the electorate over the last  years, from conservative to moderate to liberal and back again, are to him a sign of health. People are paying attention; they’re fighting back. Proposals that would have been laughed off the stage even three years ago—such as restructuring Medicare and opening Social Security up to privatization—are getting attention. Radical change is always accompanied by radical action and reaction; even if we’re going downhill, at least we’re not going quietly. I think they’re both right, in that it all comes down to individuals. Democracy is only as good as the demos. I believe people are waking up—but they’re waking up on opposite sides of the bed and there may not be enough of them on our side. The political whipsawing that encourages John Podhoretz confounds me. Are we principled and determined, or muddled and confused? As long as there’s an American center, a historical sense of who we are and what we stand for, I think we can recover. But what if we’ve lost our center? What if there’s only left and right, and nothing to come together around? Big government isn’t entirely to blame for laying waste to people; we deserve a lot of that blame ourselves. But are we entirely wasted yet? Thanksgiving arrives not a moment too soon. “Give thanks in all circumstances,” even in anxiety. One thing to be thankful for is that Americans of the past thought to set aside a day of gratitude to God that we still honor. Another is that believers always have an alternative way of seeing: our view, or God’s view. But what I’m most thankful for is an unshakable center. We are not like those who have no hope ( Thessalonians :), whose spirits rise and fall with polling data. Optimistic is not something I feel; at my best, it’s what I am. A


I   : Is it over? Do we still have time? When prospective candidates are parading their virtues and inadvertently showing their faults, when every big city has its incoherent “occupy” crowd, when incomes are falling and budgets rising, what kind of future does the USA have? This month’s Commentary magazine features a symposium of  “thinkers and writers,” mostly right-of-center, who were asked, “Are you optimistic or pessimistic about America?” Writing the anchor piece for optimism is John Podhoretz, a grandson of socialists, whose father Norman gravitated from left to right. In the pessimist corner is Mark Steyn, transplanted Canadian, who kept our own Marvin Olasky up too late one night with his latest book, After America (see WORLD, Oct. ). It took a whole book to get Marvin depressed; I managed in a -minute article. We’ve been through worse years. “Remember the Seventies,” I tell myself: college kids wrecking campuses, an ignominious end to a bitter war, gasoline shortages, double-digit inflation and interest loans, a scandalridden president, an ineffective president, a general collapse of self-confidence. But actually, I don’t remember the Seventies that well, as most of it happened when I was distracted by babies and toddlers. I suspect a lot of Americans are like that now: Beyond a vague sense of “the system is broken,” their attention is swamped with family demands or unemployment anxieties or stacks of unpaid bills they don’t know who to blame for. Steyn’s argument for pessimism is the sense of unreality infecting modern culture. Catchphrases spouted by the leader of the free world neither inspire nor convict—they only get him to the next campaign stop. Last summer’s epochal debt-ceiling battle eventually coughed up savings of possibly  billion—just before President Obama’s jobs bill proposed to shove almost  billion back in. The bureaucratic monster grows and grows and seems


11/15/11 10:00 AM



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11/15/11 10:01 AM

Reviews MOVIES & TV bOOKS Q&A mUSIc 

Sharp eyes

MOVIE: October Baby is the product of christian filmmakers who have honed their craft by Megan baShaM

courtesy of Provident films


The first thing that will strike many viewers on seeing October Baby, a Christian-made movie about a young woman who discovers she is the survivor of an abortion attempt, is how polished it is. Christian moviegoers have grown accustomed to overlooking some of the more common faults of films targeted at us: OK, the acting wasn’t great, the dialogue was corny, but the message was good, the intent was good, and it may impact lives. All those things are true. Still, it is a little frustrating when we have to overlook shortcomings we suspect could have been remedied with a bit more patience or practice. email:

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Of course God sometimes presents His children the opportunity to take a shortened or unexpected path. But there’s a problem, I think, when the shortened path becomes the rule. When it comes to moviemaking, many young believers with cinematic aspirations seem to think things like film school, internships, and time in the entry-level trenches are unnecessary. Sadly, most of the time (not always), their inexperience shows. A quick glance at the biographies of writer/directors Jon and Andrew SURVIVOR: rachel Erwin, however, Hendrix as Hannah reveals that the in October Baby.

brothers have plenty of miles logged on their professional odometers. Beginning as camera operators for ESPN and Fox NFL, then directing award-winning music videos and commercials, and later producing documentaries, they developed expertise in their craft that goes a long way toward making the worthy idea of October Baby a morethan-worthy viewing experience. As Hannah, a college student who shows all the signs of having survived a major trauma without remembering what caused them, newcomer Rachel Hendrix demonstrates impressive range. She seems at times immature and silly, at other times pensive and December 3, 2011



11/17/11 2:02 PM

Reviews > Movies & TV


WORLD  December 3, 2011

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Melancholia by Toddy burTon not only are we all alone in the universe, but the world is likely coming to a sudden and meaningless end. While Melancholia  is built on this fatalistic conceit, the film displays moments of breathtaking beauty and pathos. a story of the apocalypse, Melancholia is also an intimate family drama, a portrait of depression, an inverted experiment in epic science fiction, and one of the most interesting films currently in theaters. rated r for “some graphic nudity, sexual content, and language,” the film will provoke many to disagree with its ethos, but to be moved by reflection on its images and content. Melancholia unfolds as a strained family drama with one major exception: a planet is about to collide with earth, destroying all life forever. Kirsten Dunst plays Justine, a bride struggling with an existential malaise on her wedding day. her responsible sister, Claire (Charlotte Gainsbourg), plans the wedding and cares for Justine, who collapses into herself, reviving only with a frighteningly serene reaction to news of the astronomical collision. Claire’s response, by contrast, is fear and panic. despite the epic scale of the action, the film tells a grand story through the lens of intimate relationships. The opening images of Melancholia are beautiful and terrifying in a way that reminds the viewer why we have movie theaters. Melancholia languishes for periods in monotony and self-indulgence but the effort remains fascinating, challenging, and occasionally stunning. The story unfolds in a world where melancholy results from over-reliance on relationships, empty rituals, and possessions. Controversial director lars von trier presents complex truths despite a fatalistic worldview. Characters seek significance in anything they can—a desperate and miserable condition, but an honest one. it’s hard to agree with the worldview von trier presents, but Melancholia’s beauty and honesty about experience of life without an ultimate truth make it worthwhile viewing. See all our movie reviews at

11/17/11 2:07 PM

 the iMMORtALS: Jan ThiJs/©War of The GoDs, LLc • the GReeninG Of Whitney BROWn: arc enTerTainmenT


Melancholia: Christian Geisnaes/zentropa • october baby: Courtesy of provident films

wounded—everything one would expect of a 19-year-old going through such a heart-wrenching experience. There wasn’t a moment throughout the film that I didn’t believe in her character. Discovering she was adopted leads Hannah to search for the truth about her birth and to find the woman who once tried to end her life. From there, October Baby is neither predictable nor easy. The closure Hannah finds isn’t what the audience expects, but something ultimately more real and thus, more gratifying. The veteran actors backing up Hendrix pull off emotionally charged material without ever veering into the maudlin. As the nurse who worked in the abortion clinic where Hannah was born, Jasmine Guy delivers a monologue that is sickening in its quiet accuracy. Though Shari Wiedmann is only on-screen for a few minutes, as Hannah’s birth-mother, she turns in a performance that will haunt viewers long after the credits have rolled. When one actor performs well, you may be able to give credit only to the actor. When an entire cast performs well, it’s a good bet it’s thanks to a sharp eye on the part of the director and producers. Not every element of October Baby works. The romance between Hannah and her childhood best friend is a Hendrix and Andrew Erwin bit underdeveloped, and I spent the first hour trying to figure out if they were a couple, a former couple, or what exactly was the nature of their relationship. Similarly, the har-dee-har-har antics of her stoner-esque road trip buddy would have been better left on the cutting room floor. But these are minor quibbles set against the impact of the whole. The Erwins get the biggest thing right: telling Hannah’s story—and just Hannah’s story—simply and sincerely. Perhaps their most significant accomplishment is that they demonstrate how liberating and joyous forgiveness is—both giving it and receiving it—without putting implausible, sermonizing dialogue into their characters’ mouths. They trust their audience to recognize that they’re seeing the heart of Christ without shouting that that’s what they’re supposed to be seeing. The closest the film comes to preaching is when a priest offers Hannah some Bible-based advice that is both affecting and appropriate to the character and the scene. Currently, October Baby (rated PG-13 for mature themes) is playing in select cities in the Mid-South with plans for a wider release in 2012. Let’s hope it’s a national release, because with their deft and graceful work, the Erwins have earned the chance to be seen. A


Immortals by Megan bashaM



the iMMORtALS: Jan ThiJs/©War of The GoDs, LLc • the GReeninG Of Whitney BROWn: arc enTerTainmenT

Underneath gallons of blood spatter, clanging sword fights, and extravagant imagery, the producers of Immortals (rated R for nudity and graphic violence) seem to have something on their minds, namely, what’s at stake when cultures, as opposed to nations, war. Representing the cause of death and tyranny is King Hyperion (Mickey Rourke), who seeks the legendary Epirus Bow so that he might unleash the Titans, destroy humanity, and show the ultimate disdain for the gods. Olympus and the cause of liberty have their own champion, the peasant warrior Theseus (Henry Cavill). The storyline is often inexplicably mystical with characters coming and going without much explanation of what their

motives are or why they couldn’t have acted earlier (particularly confusing is what use there is in worshipping gods who pledge not to interfere in the lives of men). This is a movie for the senses, not a movie to try to make sense of. Which is why to the degree it has a theme at all, it’s worth noting that it seems to be that the leaders of the West don’t understand what they’re up against. Sickened to discover Hyperion’s men intentionally target pregnant women and children, an insightful Theseus remarks, “They fight for a belief that allows them to kill without restraint.” To this, Poseidon (Kellan Lutz) notes sadly that the Hellenes have not adjusted their strategy for such a mind-set. His point is underlined when a seemingly sophisticated politician argues for compromise with Hyperion, counseling Theseus that “all any power wants is to be taken seriously at the negotiating table.” Flash forward several scenes and we see the bloody result of his folly. I’m loath to give such a macabre production credit it does not deserve. But one comforting thought about the droves of late-teen and 20-something men who turn out for these kinds of homages to videogame gore: At least with this one, they’re getting the anti-relativistic message that some powers seek only to destroy and Western culture is worth a fight.


The Greening of Whitney Brown by Rebecca cusey


Our society spends a lot of tweets, Facebook posts, and online reading time fretting about the effect of constant virtual connection on the fabric of our souls, so the tween movie quietly released nov. 11 comes as a bit of fresh air. Whitney, the titular character of The Greening of Whitney brown, transforms from urban texting maven into country girl with a horse when every means of communication is taken from her. Living the high life in Philadelphia, Whitney (Sammi Hanratty) glories in her popularity as she leads her entourage through her exclusive junior high. All that ends when a catastrophic financial crash ruins her family. They find refuge in a rural farmhouse where her father grew up, now inhabited solely by a horse named Bob.

Box office Top 10 For the weekend oF nov. 11-13 according to Box Office Mojo

CautIOnS: Quantity of sexual (S), violent (V), and foul-language (L) content on a 0-10 scale, with 10 high, from

1 ` 2 ` 3 ` 4 ` 5 ` 6 ` 7 ` 8 ` 9 ` 10 `


Immortals* r............................6 10 2 Jack and Jill PG.........................4 4 3 Puss in Boots* PG...................2 4 3 Tower Heist PG-13...................4 3 5 J. Edgar r......................................3 4 5 A Very Harold and Kumar 3D Christmas r........................9 8 10 In Time* PG-13............................6 6 5 Paranormal Activity 3 r....5 6 6 Footloose* PG-13......................5 5 4 Real Steel PG-13........................3 5 4

*Reviewed by woRld

The horse seems to think he’s a dog and follows Whitney everywhere, but when he steps on her iPhone, he destroys her last link to her old world and becomes her only friend. The film suffers from some unlikely plot devices, including the inability of the utilities to connect a landline phone and a scene in which the prep-school darling casually and dangerously hops a moving freight train. But Hanratty gives a winning performance with her wide eyes and wider smile. She’s backed up by Brooke Shields and Aidan Quinn as her parents and Kris Kristofferson as her crabby grandfather. Most girls have dreamed about having a horse as a best friend. The film pulls off the relationship well, combining moments of emotion with humor. Every bit as good as Hannah Montana, but without the singing, this PG movie glories in the innocence of junior high life as well as a good message about what it means to be a friend. With a delightful lack of cynicism and wink-wink jokes, this is a fine movie to enjoy with the little girl in your life. December 3, 2011

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11/17/11 2:09 PM

Reviews > Books

Beyond a black-and-white reading of American history BY MARVIN OLASKY


T K’ Patrick Henry: First Among Patriots (see pp. -) is a superb biography that includes surprising twists, including a reflection on slavery Henry penned in . Henry sadly marveled that “in a country above all others fond of liberty, [many defend] a principle as repugnant to humanity as it is inconsistent with the Bible and destructive to

liberty.” But Henry himself was a slaveowner, and in his letter mourned, “I am a master of slaves of my own purchase! I am drawn along by the general inconvenience of living without them. I will not, I cannot justify it.” Henry was depressed to recognize that he couldn’t philosophically live with slavery but did not want practically to live without it. He wrote, “A time will




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Hard though our path is, we should thank God for having Islam confront us and challenge Christian complacency. Patrick Sookhdeo’s Islam in our Midst: The Challenge to Our Christian Heritage (Isaac Publishing) is an excellent and brief introduction to belligerent Muslims, who often form an alliance with hard secularism against their common enemy, Christ. Sookhdeo explains that “the Islamic worldview is not dichotomous like its American secular counterpart”—Muslims want a unified religious/ political regime—and offers succinct warnings about the tar baby of “interfaith dialogue” and advice on how to push back. Worth reading in this regard is the Spring  issue of Academic Questions, the journal of the National Association of Scholars. It features good articles on how Islamists have taken over Hartford Seminary and are burrowing into the public school system in

Minnesota and other states. Burning Questions about Islam, Islam by Wilbur Lingle (with Robert Delancy, Crossbooks, ), includes lots of good ones, and in doing so gives Christians in contact with Muslims a good basic understanding of what to say and not to say. Philip Jenkins is right to argue, in Laying Down the Sword (Harper One, ), that we should not ignore the Bible’s violent verses regarding the Canaanites and others, but he’s wrong to say that they are the equivalent of Quran-commanded violence. Since Jenkins receives ample press attention, it’s important to note that God’s commands in Deuteronomy and Joshua are specific to a particular historical period, but Allah’s edicts are supposed to be for all times and places. Rick Richter’s Comparing the Qur’an and the Bible (Baker, ) is a useful reference. For example, Richter notes that Allah “does not give ‘rebirth.’ Rebirth is not necessary, since human beings are not basically sinful.” Mustafa Akyol’s Islam Without Extremes (Norton, ) assumes basic goodness when he argues that a liberal Islam can emerge: I doubt that, but I wish him the best of success. —M.O. Email:

11/15/11 3:15 PM


Treadmill complexities

come when an option will be offered to abolish this lamentable evil.” He hoped that time would be soon, but “if not, let us transmit to our descendants together with our slaves, a pity for their unhappy lot, and an abhorrence for slavery. If we cannot reduce this wished for reformation to practice, let us treat the unhappy victims with lenity, it is the furthest advance we can make toward justice.” Henry was an evangelical Anglican— and evangelical politics now and then had its complexities. D.G. Hart’s From Billy Graham to Sarah Palin (Eerdmans, ) is a thoughtful conservative’s analysis of some of those wrinkles. The book fails the truth-in-advertising test by barely mentioning Palin—the “WISHED FOR publisher must have REFORMATION”: A congregation of thought her name blacks and whites would sell copies— on a plantation in but it passes the South Carolina, honest analysis test circa . by observing that evangelicals are not naturally conservative. Hart provides a fair examination of compassionate conservatism and some good recommendations: “Acknowledge that ‘liberty for all’ means legal protection and legitimate status for groups who are not Christian. … Acknowledge that political solutions do not solve the problem of culture and character formation.”

NOTABLE BOOKS Four memoirs > reviewed by  

My Russian Grandmother and Her American Vacuum Cleaner: A Family Memoir Meir Shalev This rambling family memoir by Israeli novelist Meir Shalev shows how perspective changes everything. At the heart of the memoir is Grandma Tonia. She could be depicted as a bitter complainer, whose habits of cleanliness drove her family crazy. Instead, Shalev portrays her as the tenacious matriarch of a close-knit family. Her mangled figures of speech and her neverending battle against dirt become the grist of family stories that hold the family together. Shalev’s memoir won’t appeal to those who want straight and to-the-point stories, but he will delight those who appreciate the leisurely unfolding of funny family tales during a pioneering period in Nahalal, a rural farm community in northern Israel.

Signs of Life Natalie Taylor When she was five months pregnant with her first child, Natalie Taylor’s husband died of a brain injury sustained while he was skateboarding. She was . This memoir recounts her struggle to make sense of his death and her new status as widow and single mother. Drawing on contemporaneous journals, Taylor offers a raw and unfiltered account of the first year and a half (until her son’s first birthday). She often ties her experiences to characters in the novels she teaches to her high school English students. Taylor is not a Christian and this book is not a story about trusting God, but this compelling account of personal grief and renewal invites the reader to see life through another pair of eyes. Note: Some bad language. My Dyslexia Philip Schultz



Schultz in  won the Pulitzer Prize for Poetry—and yet he is dyslexic. Growing up, he thought he was stupid because he was in the “dummy class.” Not until his -year-old son received a dyslexia diagnosis did Schultz realize that his difficulties had a cause. In this short memoir, Schultz describes his school years in Rochester, N.Y., where he would eat lunch in a nearby diner and order goulash and milk every day, even though he didn’t like them, because he’d once heard a man order them and couldn’t read other items on the menu. He explains that he learned to think his way around obstacles, which contributed to his creativity. He writes: “I never meant to be annoying, forgetful, delayed, overwhelmed, and dumb-sounding and -looking.”

THM: A Memoir David McCallie, editor Thomas Hooke McCallie—THM—was a Presbyterian pastor in Chattanooga during the Civil War and Reconstruction. This memoir, intelligently edited by his grandson, David McCallie, helps us see how one godly pastor navigated the political currents of his day, keeping his gospel focus and refusing to side with either the North or South. He keenly observes and records events, including the hanging of two deserters from the Northern army. The editor adds historical notes and corroborating newspaper accounts to provide context. THM’s trust in the living God despite hardship, and his warm evangelical faith, make this a fascinating account of a life well-lived to the glory of God. Email:; see all our reviews at 

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SPOTLIGHT Many children’s books have crossed my desk recently. Here are four that caught my attention: The Quest for Comfort by William Boekestein (Reformation Heritage Books, ) is about the Heidelberg Catechism and its three writers who “lived in a time when comfort was badly needed.” It shows how God used them “to write a little book that explained the only true comfort in life and in death.” Mosquito by Virginia Kroll (Pelican, ) pairs alliterative rhymes with exuberant watercolor illustrations in a tale about a mosquito that bites various critters before being swallowed by a bat. Lavishly illustrated with examples of his art, Maxfield Parrish: Painter of Magical Make-Believe by Lois V. Harris (Pelican, ) is a biography for children of an artist whose work adorned posters, books, advertisements, and murals. In Around the World (Candlewick, ), Matt Phelan tells in words and pictures the tales of three historical around-theworld journeys: Thomas Stevens by bicycle in the s; female reporter Nellie Bly in  days in ; and mariner PARRISH THE THOUGHT: Joshua Maxfield Parrish Slocum by illustration from sailboat in The Arabian Nights, . published in .

DECEMBER 3, 2011



11/17/11 3:51 PM

Reviews > Q&A

Christian patriot >>



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repeat back the Scripture passage and the essence of the sermon on the horse ride home. He remembered those scenes of Davies’ revival preaching: very learned but also very emotional. And later on in his career, Henry’s critics would say that Henry spoke like an evangelical minister. Did theological rebellion against the State church clear the path for political and economic rebellion? The Great Awakening was, among other things, the first great colonial uprising against State power. To question the established ministers’ authority was to attack the State’s authority over your conscience and religious practice. Henry, because of his schooling and Christian convictions, had a deep suspicion about political power itself: He thought a powerful government will almost inevitably become tyrannical, because of the nature of man. Henry was quick to see problems arising in . Henry had just been elected to the colonial legislature in Virginia when news of the Stamp Act came. It didn’t bother him that he was a freshman legislator: He jumped right in, took everything to its logical conclusion, and said, “This is the rise of tyranny.”

And  years later ... Everything came to a head in . The British army had an increasingly menacing presence, particularly in Massachusetts. Henry urged Virginians to prepare for conflict. Others said, “No, we’ve got to continue to pursue a reconciliation.” Henry said they’d been doing that for  years and getting nowhere. At the end of the speech he said, ‘I know not what others may do, but as for me, give me liberty or give me death!’” When the war began, why did Virginians make Henry their military commander? They basically said, “You’re the one who asked for this, now you’re the commander-in-chief of Virginia’s armed forces”—even though Henry had effectively no military experience whatsoever. They quickly realized this was not the best use of his time, so he moved back into the legislature, and then was governor of Virginia for much of the Revolutionary War.

After the war, didn’t Madison and Henry battle about religious liberty? In  Henry was one of many leading Virginians who wanted to resume public funding for religion. Didn’t he want everyone to support a church, but to be free to choose which one? Henry’s idea was to require people to give a tithe, but they could designate the recipient of it—Episcopal or Baptist or Presbyterian or whatever.


L    to go until the first presidential election in which Tea Party activists, who speak of the ideals of the American Revolution, will play a large role—but what were those ideals? Basic Books has just published Thomas Kidd’s Patrick Henry: First Among Patriots, a biography of the man known as “the voice of the American revolution.” Here are edited excerpts from an interview with Kidd, a history professor at Baylor University. Patrick Henry was homeschooled? Henry was born in , when there was almost no educational infrastructure in Virginia, except in the major towns. His father largely schooled him at home. This mainly meant reading and history and classics: He had deep exposure to the Christian tradition, to Greek and Roman antiquity, to the heroes of the ancient past and the Reformation. This stuck with him through his career. How did pastor Samuel Davies influence Henry? Davies was a Presbyterian pastor in Hanover, Va., close by where Henry’s family lived. When Henry was a teenager his mother became involved with Davies’ church. She had Patrick Your online source for today’s news, Christian views

11/15/11 10:04 AM


Patrick Henry, says biographer Thomas Kidd, would not be surprised by today’s runaway federal government BY MARVIN OLASKY

And the tithe wasn’t just for church services, but for education and social services as well. Right, because you have to have a virtuous republic if it is to survive—and the historic source of virtue in society is the church. Henry thought government needed to support this. That set up a disagreement between him and Madison, Jefferson, and their allies. In  and  Henry tried to get what was called the General Assessment for Religion, a “plural establishment.” Madison commandeered the situation and got Henry put in the governor’s house, which was a way to

remove him from the legislature and get his influence taken out. Madison won in . In , why was Henry concerned about the Constitution? He thought human nature will naturally abuse consolidated political power, so what we need is a diffuse, state-based kind of government. He thought the Articles of Confederation needed some revising, but he didn’t think a strong national government was the answer. How are Henry’s views relevant to us now? Henry would look at the kind of government we have now and say, if he were in a bad mood, “I

told you so.” The Articles of Confederation government had no authority to tax, and Henry said, “You will never be able to control the size of this government, if you give it that authority. It will become a gargantuan, uncontrollable thing that will feed upon itself.” That prophecy did not come true until after the Civil War, but Henry would look at what we have today and say, “This was going to happen eventually.” What were some of his specific concerns that relate to our current political debates? Henry was afraid of the president’s power. He thought we should assume bad

behavior by politicians. Henry was concerned about the absence of provision for jury trials, freedom of speech, and religious liberty. So were others, and people say the anti-Federalists achieved a great victory in getting the Bill of Rights put into the Constitution, which is true. But Henry was not satisfied with the Bill of Rights. He felt we need to have fundamental structural modification of the power of government. Just asserting that the people have certain rights, while at the same time giving the government this kind of power, he thought was foolish. A




“Henry’s general assessment plan would have transitioned Virginia from having a single state church to offering multiple options, ensuring not a strict separation of church and state, but robust religious diversity. ... Henry averred that regardless of who was serving in public office, the United States’ most important ally should be virtue. Without that trait, the nation would not last long. Selfishness would ruin the country, and factional squabbling would lead to disunion. ... Government could suppress vice and encourage morality, but it could never change the hearts of people. ... ‘The enemy we have to fear,’ Henry wrote, ‘is the degeneracy, luxury, and vices of the present times. Let us be allied against these and we secure the happiness and liberty of our country.’”

Kidd at Baylor University

DECEMBER 3, 2011

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11/15/11 10:04 AM

Reviews > Music

’Tis the season

This year’s Christmas albums—from Bieber to BUBLÉ




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At least TobyMac’s Christmas in Diverse City (EMI) lives up to its title. By including six traditional songs (nine if you count the musical allusions to “God Rest Ye Merry, Gentleman,” “Carol of the Bells” and “We Three Kings” in “Carol of the Kings”), a child-rapped James : (“This Christmas”), and wit (“We’re thankful for gifts and the presents, but give us the gift of Your presence”), it has something for everybody young enough to consider New Jack Swing–inflected, electronic R&B compatible with deep emotion. On Winter Moon ( Distribution), Mindy Gledhill sidesteps the challenge of blending the old with the new by all but avoiding the latter and performing eight songs’ worth of the former ( if you count the “Patapan/O Come, O Come Emmanuel” and “Toyland/White Christmas” medleys) in a stylistically varied, acoustic setting. The centerpiece, however, is Gledhill’s own “Little Soldier,” a hauntingly disarming expression of sorrow over unredeemed holiday time with one’s loved ones. “Father Time comes creeping in,” she sings, accompanied by a piano so soft its keys may as well be depressed by falling tears. “We fight back, but he will win.” It’s a sentiment to which anyone who has ever found it hard to put away childish things will relate. Outselling every Christmas album this year is Michael Bublé’s Christmas (Reprise). And it’s no wonder. If he

hasn’t plumbed as emotionally deeply as Gledhill or as biblically deeply as TobyMac (“Silent Night” and “Ave Maria” are his only genuflective offerings), he has provided a yuletide soundtrack bursting with goodwill toward men. In a sense, Bublé’s overreliance on secular standards (“White Christmas,” “Have Yourself a Merry Little Christmas”) minted by his stylistic forerunners (Bing Crosby, Frank Sinatra) renders him vulnerable to less-than-favorable comparisons. But, for the most part, he sounds to the manner—if not quite the manger—born. A


D   as the United States holiday that dare not speak its name, Christmas continues to resist death by multiculturalism. And where there’s Christmas, there’s Christmas music. But, as with recordings of Bach, the more Christmas recordings there are, the harder it becomes to make new Christmas recordings that seem to have been worth the trouble. Consider, for instance, Under the Mistletoe (Island), the latest album by Justin Bieber. Even leaving aside the fact that it’s a paternity suit and not a festive sprig currently hanging over the -year-old singer’s head, the music is about as likely to inspire holiday cheer as a gallon of eggnog past its expiration date. In fact, it’s so aurally gimmick-laden and self-consciously trendy, from the mood-ruining cameo raps (Usher on “The Christmas Song,” Busta Rhymes on “Little Drummer Boy”) to Bieber’s own preciously breathy, Auto-Tuned vocals, that in some ways it already sounds dated. This year’s Christian offerings aren’t exactly gold, frankincense, and myrrh either, although for anyone whose Advent would be incomplete without a  EP issued by the youth-targeting BEC Recordings, Kutless’ This Is Christmas rather than Hawk Nelson’s Christmas is the way to go. Both EPs adhere to the letter of the season, but only Kutless’ adheres to its spirit—i.e., it rocks but not to distraction. Hawk Nelson, on the other hand, can’t resist goofing off. “Joy to the World,” in which the fellas upwardly modulate until they’re shouting, would’ve made an OK outtake. But as a two-minute “intake” on a -minute program that by virtue of its pop-punky nature is already borderline irreverent, it’ll have sensitive grandmas preferring to get run over by a reindeer.


11/15/11 3:29 PM




Five classical, ambient, and electronic new releases > reviewed by  

All Will Prosper Goldmund Goldmund is Keith Kenniff, an American composer and musician mysteriously attuned, on this album at least (he also records indie-rock and ambient music), to the melodies of the Civil War–era United States—music that, according to his PR, “tied friends and families together in a time when the nation was being torn apart.” With nothing more than a piano and an acoustic guitar, he resurrects “Dixie,” “Shenandoah,” “Amazing Grace,” and  other contemporaneous songs in shatteringly ghostly renditions. As for his original “Ashoken Farewell,” it fits. Charles Ives: Four Sonatas

Hilary Hahn, Valentina Lisitsa Like that other great American Modernist, Wallace Stevens, Charles Ives was an insurance man. And surely his immersion in two radically unrelated realms goes as far in explaining his devotion to aural collage as his youthful exposure to multiple bands playing simultaneously in public squares. Composed approximately  years ago, these sonatas for violin and piano (minus, for some reason, No. ’s ’s third movement) still sound ahead of their time even though (because?) hymns and “Jesus Loves Me” are among the folk melodies emerging from the bustle.

Steve Reich: WTC 9/11 Kronos Quartet Conservatives who complain, understandably, that the realities of Sept. , , get short media shrift will take comfort from this album’s tripartite, -minute title suite—even conservatives who have previously had (or at least thought they had) no need for Steve Reich’s brand of minimalism. Subtitled “/,” “,” and “WTC,” the movements include fragmentary spoken narratives that heighten the music’s re-creation of that day’s horror. The pieces that follow, “Mallet Quartet” and “Dance Patterns,” are reminders that, unbelievable though it still sometimes seems, life went on.



Henry Purcell: Twelve Sonatas in Three Parts Retrospect Trio Taking just over an hour to play out, this album gathers every three-part sonata by the prolific and enduringly influential baroque English composer Henry Purcell, a composer who, on the strength of this music alone, might have Bach devotees regauging their allegiance. Exquisitely performed by this sub-group of England’s Retrospect Ensemble, the pieces not only evoke the intensest elegance of the th century but also populate the firmament of that bygone world with glories as yet undiminished by the untethered, hubristic science to come. See all our reviews at 

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SPOTLIGHT “I want to create my own ... musical language,” says the Polish composer Jacaszek on his website, “in which electronic manipulation of recorded sound is going to enrich traditional acoustic instruments. The motivation of these experiments is discovering the hidden and universal beauty.” It makes perfect—even sacred—sense, then, that on Glimmer (Ghostly Int’l), his latest album, he should turn to the poetry of Gerard Manley Hopkins for inspiration. Jacaszek could have been less subtle: Without footnotes, only English majors are likely to recognize the song titles “Goldengrove,” “As Each Tucked String Tells,” and “Evening Strains to Be Time’s Vast” as allusions to the poems “Spring and Fall,” “As Kingfishers Catch Fire,” and “Spelt from Sibyl’s Leaves,” respectively. But even poetry-indifferent listeners will feel in Jacaszek’s mixture of grinding and glittering effects something of what Hopkins, with his obsessively frictional assonance, was after—namely, to rub the accumulated grime of indifference from the Word, who in the beginning was.

DECEMBER 3, 2011



11/15/11 3:33 PM

Mindy Belz

Get serious

The GOP presidential contenders appear stuck in a carnival midway of their making




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M   GOP presidential debates has been warm up. But with November panels focused on foreign policy—the first coming just days after news that Iran has taken dramatic steps to produce a nuclear weapon—we can hope to see mettle emerge from this field of eight. Perhaps the thus-far lackluster candidates might be ready to leave the circus midway, where Romney (left) and Gingrich the weapons are air guns and the prizes are stuffed toys, and move to the big tent, where the points without demonstrating these contenders know lights are blinding and the animals are real. how to solve deadly threats, or present to the But judging by the Nov.  “commander-in-chief” American people what’s at stake. debate in South Carolina, the GOP candidates are Historically, the debate within the Republican Party playing for the cheap prizes still. None of the gaffes on foreign policy and national security cleaved between could match Gov. Rick Perry’s  seconds of forgetfulNixon-Kissinger realists and Reagan idealists. The realists ness from an earlier matchup, but given the subject favored détente, the containment of global threats. matter and the headlines, the mistakes and misstateReagan made them howl in  when he called the ments should disturb us. Soviet Union an “evil empire,” but he was determined Rep. Michele Bachmann, though a member of the to hold ideologies responsible for totalitarianism and House Intelligence Committee, stumbled naming the broker little compromise with what should abhor us. provinces in south Afghanistan where our military The realists with “their unrealistic realism personnel have been most heavily engaged in fighting neglected—to America’s peril—the fundamental the Taliban. Gov. Mitt Romney early on referred to importance of ideology, ideals, and regime type as well Iranian democracy protesters as “insurgents,” a term as power in international politics,” says Pepperdine commonly used for Islamic militants and terrorists. University professor of public policy Robert G. Herman Cain, asked by moderators if Pakistan is a Kaufman. Despite the Cold War victories that ensued friend or foe, said: “We don’t know.” under Reagan, today the realist remnant has potent Overall Gov. Mitt Romney and former Speaker of the allies—GOP isolationists like Rep. Ron Paul and a surHouse Newt Gingrich proved the most agile at solving prising cohort who embrace the liberal mantra that we world crises in a -second window, but each at several cannot succeed in places like Iraq or Afghanistan. points gave rote, even baffling responses. Gingrich called “Tod ay, a neo-Reaganite grand strategy would conthe Obama administration “soft” on Syrian president front, not deny, the gathering danger of Islamic Fascism, Bashir Assad and accused the president of having particularly a fanatical Iranian regime determined to “dumped” Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak, but no develop and deploy nuclear weapons. Today, a neoone adequately confronted the president’s erratic interReaganite foreign policy would envisage a still dangerventionism: his phoning Mubarak to demand he step ously authoritarian China as a competitor requiring down, sending the U.S. ambassador to meet with Syrian containment as well as engagement,” says Kaufman. rebels, and turning a NATO no-fly zone into a combat GOP contenders will have to face five threats that operation to install an Islamist regime in Libya. These in my view surpass the challenges of the Cold War are ripe targets, yet no GOP hopefuls took aim. era: the imminent possibility of a nuclear-armed Iran; Romney came on strong calling the communist the proximity of Pakistan’s nuclear arsenal to ascenregime in China “currency manipulators,” and Gingrich dant terrorist networks; a resurgent al-Qaeda that gave the evening’s rhetorical highlight when he said, continues to specifically threaten the United States; “The degree to which the Arab Spring may become an economic and authoritarian hegemony from China; anti-Christian Spring is something which bothers me a and economic collapse in Europe, home to our great deal … and I would not be supportive of a regime staunchest allies. Yet from left to right in the face of which is explicitly hostile to religions other than Islam.” such a gathering storm, our political leaders appear But the rest of the evening was banter filled with unserious, wandering in some three-ring circus. A gauzy statements and easy slogans designed to win Email:

11/16/11 9:25 AM

Alex Wong/getty ImAges

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11/15/11 10:06 AM

Illegal immigration may be down, but ranchers and say the influx continues an 


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“IT DOES FEEL LIKE AN INVASION” U.S. Border Patrol agents round up illegal immigrants who crossed the Rio Grande near McAllen, Texas. lARRy w. SMiTh/ePA/lAndov

ers and farmers in south Texas ues and it’s becoming more violent and criminal by Jamie Dean in Falfurrias, Texas

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11/15/11 2:42 PM

›                                                   ,                 :      ,         ,        . For Vickers, these aren’t just the trappings of a typical rural rancher: They’re a way to guard against the potential danger of illegal aliens and to call U.S. Border Patrol agents if trouble erupts. ` Though she hasn’t used the gun, the dogs have warned her more than once: A few months ago, Vickers says the dogs “went ballistic” when she walked into the tack room. She discovered two illegal aliens sleeping on the floor. ` On another morning, a large man with a pencil-thin mustache followed Vickers from the barn to her home. She called Border Patrol agents, and they apprehended the Brazilian who had split from a group of  other illegal aliens. From her back porch, Vickers has watched groups of  or more illegal immigrants tromp through her land, and she admits: “It does feel like an invasion.” Austin


San Antonio Gr





 Rio


Corpus Christi Falfurrias


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the southern border. That reality leaves some locals in rural areas fending for themselves and creates national security concerns that extend far beyond border areas.

›   with border security first requires acknowledging progress: The U.S. Border Patrol reported in July that the number of apprehensions of illegal aliens declined by  percent over a five-year period. The numbers dropped from ,, in  to , in . The agency acknowledged that a struggling U.S. economy and a weak job market could be factors in the apparent drop in illegal immigration. But agency officials also touted better enforcement efforts, including nearly  miles of border fence along the southwestern border. (Many Texans question the effectiveness of the border fence and point to large gaps in many parts of the wall.) In an El Paso speech in May, President Barack Obama touted the federal government’s doubling of Border Patrol agents since , an effort that began under President George W. Bush. Some , agents now patrol the southwest border. Two months earlier, Napolitano highlighted the


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Vickers’ experience isn’t unusual among Texas ranchers, but it is notable for at least one reason: She lives nearly  miles north of the U.S-Mexico border. The ranch she shares with her husband, Mike Vickers, sits just outside the rural town of Falfurrias in south Texas, and a few miles from the final U.S. Border Patrol checkpoint heading north on Highway . To clear that checkpoint, illegal immigrants have two options: Try to pass through it or try to go around it. Many try to skirt the checkpoint by fanning into the hundreds of thousands of acres of surrounding farmland—including the Vickers’ ranch. Human smugglers—known as coyotes—often drop illegal immigrants south of the checkpoint. Another coyote meets them in the brush for an often-treacherous journey to a waiting car north of the station. Remarkably, thousands try to pass through the checkpoint, often hidden in trucks and cargo. By late October, agents at the Falfurrias checkpoint had apprehended , undocumented aliens since January. A sign outside the five-lane checkpoint offered another disturbing statistic that underscores a disturbing reality about some of the traffic moving through these rural areas: Since January, agents at the Falfurrias station had also seized , pounds of narcotics. The U.S. Border Patrol reports a sharp drop in illegal immigration, and Secretary of Homeland Security Janet Napolitano says the border has never been more secure—but local officials and residents in rural Texas tell a different story: Even if some numbers have dropped, illegal immigration remains a consistent problem, and cartel-related drug smuggling poses serious threats. Indeed, better border security in some areas may be funneling illegal immigrants and drug smugglers to rural lands where the defenses are weaker. A February report from the Government Accountability Office found that the U.S. Border Patrol has achieved operational control of just  percent of

jamie Dean

low violent crime rates in Texas border towns. She declared: “The border is better now than it has ever been.” Don’t tell that to Mike Vickers. On a hot afternoon in late October, the Falfurrias rancher and veterinarian pointed to a fresh set of footprints in the sandy ground on his 1,000-acre ranch. Boot prints followed sneaker prints and revealed last night’s chase: Border Patrol agents pursued and apprehended 15 illegal immigrants crossing Vickers’ ranch. The agents had help: Volunteers from Vickers’ group—Texas Border Volunteers (TBV)—spotted the illegal aliens during a night watch and called Border Patrol to respond. They gave agents a GPS location for the group and tracked their movements until the agents arrived. For Vickers, it was a familiar scene. The native Texan has lived in Falfurrias for 37 years and started TBV five years ago to respond to increasing immigrant traffic across the ranches in the area. (The cattle ranches are vast: Vickers’ neighbor

ALL-TOO-FAMILIAR SCENE mike Vickers (left) and two Texas border Volunteers check out footprints from a border Patrol chase on Vickers’ ranch.

owns 100,000 acres.) Aside from the trespassing, Vickers says he’s suffered costly property damage from immigrants cutting fences and breaking wells. The rancher runs two-week operations about once a month, and volunteers from all over the country come to patrol for illegal crossings across two counties. On a recent night, volunteers gathered under a shelter on Vickers’ ranch ahead of a night patrol. Night vision equipment and binoculars covered folding tables where three men sat, decked in camouflage. Deer trophies hung on an outside wall near a sign with John Wayne’s picture and a quote: “Courage is being scared to death and saddling up anyway.”

December 3, 2011

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11/15/11 2:44 PM

DEADLY BUSINESS Comparing two different wars reveals frightening reality next door … come from South America. While a small These guys don’t look scared. Rich 15,000 percentage are from other countries, it’s David—a paramedic from Wisconsin— enough to alarm security hawks. The Border comes twice a year sporting a handlebar Patrol reported that OTMs apprehended in mustache and bringing Wisconsin cheese 10,000 2010 included illegal immigrants from four and beer. He volunteers for two-week countries on the State Department’s list of stints during his vacation time and says state sponsors of terrorism: Cuba (712), he’s provoked to help private landowners Iran (14), Syria (5), and Sudan (5). Illegal protect their property: “Everybody’s got to immigrants came from other countries do something.” In the last three years, War-related Drug-related associated with terrorism, including Vickers says the group has reported more deaths in deaths in Somalia, Afghanistan, Pakistan, Saudi than 1,400 illegal immigrants to Mexico Afghanistan Arabia, and Yemen. in 2010 in 2010 authorities. Meanwhile, reports of Mexican cartel On a pre-dusk patrol the same evening, activity abound: The Texas Department of Vickers pointed to signs of some of those Total drug-related deaths Public Safety reports that six Mexican drug illegal immigrants under a sparse bush: in Mexico since 2006: More than 34,000 cartels have set up operational command Empty food and drink cans littered the centers in cities across the state. patch of land where a group of illegal aliens Source: estimates from governments  On the same October day that agents had stopped to camp and snack on Vienna of Afghanistan and mexico caught 15 immigrants on Vickers’ ranch, Sausages, canned fruit, and five-hour federal authorities revealed a thwarted Iraqi energy drinks. plot with a disturbing twist: The plan to kill Sadly, the journey usually takes far longer the Saudi ambassador to the United States in a crowded D.C. than five hours, and some immigrants don’t make it: Vickers restaurant hinged on an Iraqi national seeking help from a has found dead bodies of immigrants who likely succumbed Mexican cartel based in Houston. to soaring temperatures and dehydration. The local sheriff’s That didn’t surprise Vickers. “The disposition of the traffic department has recovered 55 bodies on ranches around the has changed,” he says. “They’re more violent and they’re more area since January. combative. … And there seems to be more and more coming Those who do make it follow paths that coyotes and from all over the world.” immigrants have created during years of illegal crossings on the ranches. Vickers and his volunteers have given the paths names like “Smuggler’s Row” and “Thorny Pipeline.” They call › danny davila has similar worries. another path “Bulls-Eye Crawl” after an elusive immigrant The lone investigator for the Brooks County Sheriff’s smuggler who wore cowboy boots emblazoned with a bullsDepartment in Falfurrias works with just six deputies covering eye. (After years of trying, volunteers helped agents catch the 950 square miles of territory. Though much of that territory is coyote.) sparsely populated, the small force is facing big challenges: Davila estimates that immigrant-related issues absorb about 65 percent of the force’s time. Sometimes that means apprehending illegal immigrants coming to the United States to join families or look for work. Other times it means intercepting drug smugglers carting loads of Another path—“The Welcome Center”—got its name after a narcotics from Mexico. Sometimes, it’s both: Davila says cartels volunteer patrolman encountered a smuggler and 33 Chinese often run both human and drug smuggling operations. A immigrants passing through the area. Vickers says that’s not smuggler might surprise an illegal immigrant who’s paying unusual: Though most of the immigrants are Mexicans, he says for passage to the United States by requiring that he carry a he’s encountered Sudanese, Somalis, and Indians on his land. load of drugs. Authorities refer to these immigrants as OTMs, an acronym In a tiny office that Davila shares with his assistant, photos for “Other than Mexicans.” covering the wood-paneled walls show the results of a twoThe U.S. Border Patrol reports that 87 percent of apprehended year effort to crack down on drug smuggling: In one photo, illegal immigrants come from Mexico. Another 11 percent officers stand next to a stash of 2,280 pounds of marijuana.


WORLD  December 3, 2011

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11/15/11 2:44 PM


“The disposition of the traffic has changed. They’re more violent and they’re more combative.” —Mike Vickers


FACING BIG CHALLENGES Danny Davila (above, left) and mo Saavedra on brush patrol near Falfurrias; a makeshift backpack to carry marijuana (left).

Another picture shows piles of drug money that officers seized with smugglers on the way back to Mexico: The bundles of cash came about $30 short of $900,000. The department won a federal grant to establish a brush crew in 2009: The two-man team spent the year combing nearby ranches to learn the paths the smugglers most often use and begin tracking routes. The progress of the small force in two years points to hard work and heavy drug traffic. In a lot behind the office, Davila walks through rows of dozens of impounded cars. Some still bear the marks of smuggling: a small, square hole cut behind the front panel of a black sedan shows a spot where smugglers hid tens of thousands of dollars in cash. Davila opens a nearby trailer, revealing another stash: It’s filled with seized marijuana, including a common smuggling device—bundles of marijuana taped together and fastened with homemade straps. Smugglers carry the 90-pound loads on their backs through the brush. It didn’t take long for the deputies to interrupt a major smuggling operation: Authorities say that Jose Maria Carbajal smuggled thousands of pounds of marijuana through local ranches for years. When Brooks County deputies identified the routes and started intercepting substantial loads of the

December 3, 2011

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11/15/11 2:46 PM


BORDER FENCES ALONE WON’T DO THE JOB a vehicle fence in new mexico (top) and a gap in the fence in brownsville.

Mexico don’t hear from a loved one who attempted to cross the border, sometimes they call the sheriff’s office. They might fax or email a photo and send identifying information. One photo showed a pretty young woman leaning under an arched doorway. Another showed a man holding a young child. The description said he was born in 1973 and offered this tip: “Male was left behind three miles outside of Falfurrias as he was unable to walk.” Dying from the elements isn’t the only consequence met by some immigrants: Women and girls face the threat of kidnapping for a thriving underground sex trade in the United States. Others are sometimes raped or murdered. It’s a reality that disturbs Davila: “That’s no way for anyone to die. I don’t care where you’re from.” The investigator wonders what his small team isn’t catching in the brush, and says more resources would help them

top: Department of homelanD security • bottom: jamie Dean

drugs, federal authorities say Carbajal plotted revenge with the notorious Zetas drug cartel in Mexico. In a 19-page criminal complaint, federal officials say Carbajal told an informant that members of the Zetas cartel traveled to Falfurrias after deputies intercepted 1,100 pounds of the Zetas’ marijuana. Carbajal said he showed cartel members where two of the Brooks County deputies lived, and that the cartel planned to kidnap at least one of them. Federal authorities arrested Carbajal during a February raid. On a recent morning, Mo Saavedra headed out for brush patrol. The two-year veteran was one of the deputies threatened by Carbajal. He says he changed some of his routines for safety, but he kept working just as hard. In an unmarked pickup truck, the deputy lumbers through the brush of a nearby ranch with a semiautomatic rifle next to him in the front seat. When the federal grant for the brush crew expired, Saavedra began making patrols alone. (His partner patrols during other shifts.) Since the department receives very little outside funding, the deputy depends on instincts and a good memory—the truck doesn’t have GPS technology or a digital radio for secure communication. He says he’s learned most of the territory by spending hours in the brush: “It’s all hands on.” On this morning, Saavedra looks for signs of immigrants hiding in bushes, and slows when he sees a vulture circling. This time it’s a dead animal, but the deputy has found dead bodies of immigrants who died in the extreme heat. That’s what bothers Davila most. Back in his office, the investigator has two three-ring binders filled with photos of the 55 bodies the department has found this year. One photo shows a woman with a bloated face, but many are unidentifiable remains like skulls and teeth. One photo shows an intact skeleton lying face-up, still clothed in a blue jacket and brown pants. If an illegal immigrant grows too sick or weak to stay with the group, the smuggler typically leaves him behind. “They don’t care if you’re the 28-year-old mother of two,” says Davila. “They’ve got your money, and if you can’t keep up you die.” Another binder holds pictures and descriptions of 23 people reported missing this year. If family members in

WORLD  December 3, 2011

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   SOUTHWEST Miles of border: nearly , Miles of fenced border:  Miles currently planned:  Total cost of current fence: . billion


a border fence alone won’t do the job. The federal government has completed about  miles of fence in the state. Vickers says he’s against the fence, calling it a waste of time and money. Others say some barrier is better than no TEXAS ALONE  barrier, but that a wall won’t keep  Miles of border:  ,  out illegal immigrants willing to ,   climb over or dig under. Miles of fenced border:  At the border fence in places like Brownsville, illegal immigrants have another option: Walk right MAKE-UP OF ENTIRE FENCE through. The -foot-high fence Miles designed to block pedestrians:  has gaps at points large enough to Miles designed to block vehicles*:  *pedestrians could easily climb over walk or drive through. Officials say that the gaps allow Border Patrol SOURCES: Texas Dept. of Agriculture, U.S. Customs and Border Protection, Department of Homeland Security agents to travel through if needed and may have gates in the future. On a recent sunny afternoon, I walked through one gap in Brownsville that had a Border apprehend more smugglers and Patrol truck nearby. The truck was empty. protect the surrounding community: The landscape in Texas makes building a uniform fence “If you just ignore it, it’s not going to difficult. In towns like Brownsville, the Rio Grande River cuts go away.” so close to city limits, federal authorities built the fence nearly a mile north of the border. That means a slew of homeowners ›    insist they and businesses own property north of the border, but south of aren’t ignoring border issues, Texas Commissioner of the border fence. They call it a no man’s land and say their Agriculture Todd Staples says they’re at a minimum denying property values have plummeted. the severity of the problem. Staples’ department released an Vickers and others call for more boots on the ground to independent study in September that included testimony respond to illegal crossings, and more internal enforcement of from Texas ranchers afraid of the traffic crossing their property. existing immigration laws to discourage illegal immigration. One rancher said he’s watched smugglers carry drugs across That adds front-burner urgency to the back-burner issue of his property right in front of him. Another said immigrants immigration reform in Washington, D.C. have come to his door in the middle of the night asking to borrow his phone and his truck. From his office in Austin, Staples said that ranchers have pleaded with him to ask for more protection of rural farmland. The commissioner says he’s been met by “denial and rebuff” from federal officials. While he applauds the Border Patrol’s work, and says he’s thankful the president has continued to send more agents, he says the pace needs to accelerate, For now locals like Vickers and Davila say they’ll keep not slow down. That’s especially true, he says, in rural areas protecting as much of their community as possible. In an with far less protection than border crossings. early November email, Davila wrote about an Oct.  accident He warns that without securing these rural areas, and in Falfurrias: A red Ford pickup truck full of illegal aliens and committing more resources to fighting cartels in Texas, drugs  pounds of marijuana struck the vehicle of an elderly and drug-related violence will continue showing up across the couple from a nearby town. The immigrants had backpacked country: “It’s not the tooth fairy dropping off these drugs in Los the drugs through the brush. “All subjects involved were Angeles and New Jersey and Dallas and cities across the country.” critical, but survived the accident,” wrote Davila. “Five illegals If protecting rural areas means preventing illegal immiwere arrested, and two absconded into the brush.” A grants from ever crossing the border, some Texans agree that

“It’s not the tooth fairy dropping off these drugs in … cities across the country.” —Todd Staples


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GoinG waGes

Employers say the Obama administration’s attempt to increase pay for temporary, legal foreign workers will lead to large layoffs by AMY McCULLOUGH in St. Martinville, La.

› a 22-year-old legal mexican guest worker at a Louisiana


hanDout photos

The mandated increases differ from state to state and even sugar cane mill spends 12 hours a day during processing season as a “table among counties within the cleaner,” keeping mud, dirt, and leaves from collecting around a metal belt same state, as the Department of Labor requires employers to that grinds sugar cane. ` It’s a dirty job, but the worker—to whom WORLD use several formulas for calcugranted anonymity—said the job is “very important” to him and the 11 family lating the “prevailing wage” in an area, and then select the members he supports. He makes $7.90 per hour and can make about $660 per highest. Officials originally week during the three-month sugar cane season. In Mexico his temporary job imposed the designation to prevent large government in cooler manufacturing would pay $150 per week. ` The mill here where he works projects from destabilizworks, Louisiana Sugar Cane Cooperative, Inc. depends on 100 such guest ing local construction markets. workers who come to the country legally under the federal H-2B program to Randy Courville, human resources director for the help it process more than 800,000 tons of sugar cane each season. Louisiana Sugar Cane mill, told me that if the Labor Department has its way, wages that range The H-2B nonimmigrant program permits employers to from $7.50 to $8 per hour will rise to about $13 per hour. hire foreign workers to come temporarily to the United States. Foreign and domestic workers will have to be laid off, The program will accommodate up to 66,000 non-agricultural Courville said: “The salaries would jump to $1 million more workers annually; about 36,000 foreign workers have gained than what we’re paying.” H-2B visas so far this fiscal year. Under the program’s rules, The Louisiana Forestry Association is the lead plaintiff the employer must request a temporary labor certification suing U.S. Secretary of Labor Hilda Solis in Louisiana District from the Secretary of Labor indicating that (1) U.S. workers Court. The suit says wages for reforestation workers in that are not willing and able to do the work at the time and place state will increase by 70 percent if the rule becomes effective. specified by the employer, and (2) the employment of the A worker formerly paid $9.60 per hour will make $16.31 per foreign worker will not adversely affect the wages and working hour after Nov. 30. conditions of similarly employed U.S. workers. Scott Poole, chief operating officer of Roy O. Martin That last clause is creating a three-way conflict. The worker Lumber Company in Alexandria, La., uses almost 90 percent at Louisiana Sugar said he’d like to get paid more, but he H-2B labor annually to plant trees on his company’s 600,000 doesn’t want to risk not having a job. The U.S. Department of acres. Each spring Poole’s company usually signs a contract Labor has decided he’s not paid enough. Employers like with a labor contractor who provides the guest workers. These Louisiana Sugar say they can’t afford to pay more and will lay contracts typically lock in the price of labor cost per acre. If off workers if the wage increases become effective before their the wage increases become effective, he predicts, “Either the season ends in early January. contractor is going to go out of business, or the landowner will In January the Department of Labor mandated increases in decide not to plant. … You’re talking about an increase in labor H-2B wages beginning Sept. 30. Groups in Louisiana and cost that is greater than the trees cost that we’re planting.” Florida sued to stop the measure, and the effective date has The Louisiana lawsuit also claims North Carolina H-2B been postponed to Nov. 30. Seafood processors escaped the forestry wages will rise by as much as 129 percent, increasing wage increases this year, but foresters, whose season begins at a wage of $7.36 per hour to $16.86 per hour. Mike Kelly, owner the end of November and continues through the spring, are of Forestry Service, Inc. in Troy, N.C., said the key word in the worried.

WORLD  December 3, 2011

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IT’S A DIRTY JOB H-2b workers at Louisiana Sugar.

HanDout pHotoS

H-2B situation is uncertainty. A forestry contractor for 25 years, Kelly uses around 20 guest workers to plant approximately 3 million trees per season. Contractors like Kelly have to be certified for a prevailing wage each year by the Department of Labor. Kelly already received his certification under the old rules but worries that the Department might later rule he has to pay workers the

higher wage retroactively. He believes the wage increase punishes honest business owners and gives an advantage to those operating illegally: “A 129 percent spike at one time is a bit much considering the economy the way it is now. I’ve already had some people say, ‘I can get my work done cheaper somewhere else.’ And I know how that’s going to go. They’re going to get a crew that’s not H-2B legal.” A mandatory wage increase for industries operating on small margins in a down economy doesn’t make economic sense. Neil Ward, spokesman for the national Forest Resources Association, said Americans won’t take reforestation jobs even if the pay is raised: “The reason they’re having trouble getting domestic workers to take these jobs is because they are seasonal and migratory.” Even if jobs and production are lost, though, the mandate for higher wages makes political sense: Ward said the Obama administration “has taken a lot of heat for not doing enough for its constituency, which is organized labor.” Secretary of Labor Solis, who took office in 2009 as a labor union favorite, has pushed for unions to have more power. The Labor Department in a press release defended its action as “more fully protecting the job opportunities and wages of U.S. workers.” A

December 3, 2011

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11/16/11 9:48 AM

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How Libya’s new government treats religious and ethnic minorities will be its litmus test of “democracy”

jill nelson



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11/15/11 3:42 PM

Abdel mAgid Al-FergAny/Ap

3 For decades David Gerbi dreamed of returning to his native Libya to restore ancient Jewish sites and reconnect with the homeland of his youth. Pogroms in the wake of the 1967 Arab-Israeli conflict forced Gerbi’s family into exile— together with most of Libya’s remaining 5,000 Jewish residents. Leaving everything behind, they boarded a boat for Italy and began a new life in Rome. Gerbi was 12 at the time. This past summer, he returned to Tripoli with a newfound hope: With Libya’s revolution he saw a window of opportunity, created relationships with the rebels, and joined the National Transitional Council (NTC). Using his expertise as a psychoanalyst, he helped patients in the Benghazi Hospital and aided the rebels. He hopes to become a member of the new government as a representative of the exiled Libyan Jewish population. Gerbi’s hopes echo those of others backing the revolutions that have toppled and killed dictators across the Middle East and North Africa: crushed tyrants replaced by democracy-driven governments and leaders who champion minority rights and fair elections. But as more observers begin to wonder if the Arab Spring is turning into an Islamist Winter, David Gerbi’s mission in Libya serves as a litmus test for the country’s interim government and the fate of minorities within Libya’s borders. Seldom does one hear of Jews returning to Arab countries. But Gerbi said Libyans flocked to the vacant and dilapidated Sla Dar Bishi Synagogue on Oct. 7 as he began the massive renovation project, curious about what was inside. Only the elders in the community knew about Tripoli’s Jewish history—one that dates back to the third century b.c. Gerbi spoke to the local sheik and found a group of men willing to help clean the synagogue for a $2,000 fee. Everything proceeded smoothly and they “hoped to show the rest of the world the difference between the Qaddafi regime and the new regime.” It wasn’t long before several hundred people began protesting his mission with signs saying, “There is no place for Jews in Libya,” and, “We don’t have a place for Zionism.” The crowds wanted him forcibly removed from his hotel. “The police came and denounced me and the archeologist announced that I damaged an archeological site. This was my synagogue Email:

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“THIS WAS MY SYNAGOGUE”: david gerbi gestures inside (left) and in front of (above) the main synagogue in Tripoli.

where I prayed. Qaddafi turned it into an archeological site,” Gerbi said. After meeting with Libyan and Italian diplomats, Gerbi agreed to return to Rome on a military flight, feeling slighted by the NTC. “Before they captured Qaddafi they were saying ‘democracy, freedom,’ and all these words. But then after they got Libya free it was not the same,” Gerbi said. The dramatic death of Col. Muammar Qaddafi on Oct. 20 solidified the NTC’s grip on Libya and ushered in a new era after 42 years of autocratic rule by the eccentric and unpredictable ruler. Little is known about the leaders behind the NATO-backed rebellion. Just days after Qaddafi’s death, NTC leader Mustafa Abdul-Jalil declared Sharia law as the main source of legislation and lifted the ban on polygamy. Jack David, a senior fellow at the Hudson Institute, said he is concerned but not surprised: The NTC drafted a document last December stating its intention to adopt a legal system based on Sharia law. He predicts a wide reach for Islamists in the coming months and years: “I believe that you’ll see Islamists come to the fore and have a much more dominant role in Libya and in Egypt and in other places in the Middle East than has been the case before.” That doesn’t bode well for Gerbi or for Christians and black Libyans still living in Libya. Foreign Christians were allowed to worship publicly during Qaddafi’s rule but the small population of indigenous Christians and Muslim background believers (Muslims who convert to Christianity) worshipped in secret. Open Doors president Carl Moeller expects more of the same in light of recent calls for the implementation of Islamic law.

Disturbing reports of ethnic cleansing have added to the concern. According to Amnesty International, dozens of black Libyans from Tawergha have been beaten and detained. Other reports claim that the town’s 30,000 residents were forced into refugee camps by rebels from nearby Misrata. The two towns have been locked in a bitter feud with Misrata rebels accusing their neighbors to the south of siding with Qaddafi and raiding their town and raping their women. The NTC has done nothing to curb quests for revenge. David says Libya holds “no particular strategic interest” (some would argue that oil and location increase the stakes) but claims we need to be more cautious going forward: “The United States’ largest interest in that small country of 4 or 5 million people is to assure that it doesn’t become a haven for launching terror and assisting Islamists in other places in acquiring power. And we do have interest in obtaining some security for the weapons that have fallen to al-Qaeda and other hands in Libya over the past several months while we were dallying with our policy.” Libya’s NTC has an enormous task ahead. Tribal and ethnic conflicts mixed with decades of autocratic rule have brought the country to a precarious position. Those with weapons are using them to take back lost property rather than wait for a new government to bring about justice. Others are using their power to seek revenge, making the instant “order” of Islamic law all the more attractive. Gerbi says he’s not giving up and plans to continue working for a position in the NTC: “If people don’t like me, I don’t care.” Jack David is less optimistic: “There was never any reason to believe that post-Qaddafi Libya would be a more hospitable place for Christians and Jews or a friendly country to the United States than the Qaddafi Libya was.” With interim leadership appointed and elections promised in eight months, Libyans can hope for an opportunity to decide the destiny of their country—and the minorities within their borders. A december 3, 2011



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N THAT WILL PAY Millennials, frustrated with the nation’s debt and spending but juggling babies and law school, are taking action: They’re running for Congress


 G ’   -year-olds. In , instead of goofing around after school, he was the one public high school student in California the governor selected to serve on the state board of education. Now, as a -year-old, he is running for Congress—while going to law school. The minimum age to be a member of the House is ; Gill, a Republican, will turn  in May , one month before the primary. “A lot of people think I’m young now, and I wouldn’t contest that, but I was really young then,” he said, thinking of his teenage term on the school board. The years between that stint of public service and congressional candidacy have been filled with work on his family’s vineyard, college at Princeton University, a summer on Capitol Hill, studies at the University of California at Berkeley law school, and serving as legal counsel for the Oakland A’s. Gill is the youngest of three brothers in a family of first-generation immigrants. His parents are physicians, his father from Uganda, his mother from India. Both came to the United States as adults. The average age in Congress is . But a striking number of millennials—the generation aged roughly between  and  years old—have filed to run for House seats in . A rash of long-shot candidates pop up every election cycle, but these youngsters—who are filing early and forgoing conventional paths to Congress like time in a state legislature, or a few more years between college graduation and a House campaign— may actually win, given the record frustration voters are voicing toward incumbents. The young candidates would form a second wave of generational newcomers following the young Republicans elected in , about a half dozen members now in their early thirties. Gill is challenging three-term Democratic Rep. Jerry McNerney, , in California’s newly drawn th Congressional District, a competitive seat representing the mostly agricultural San Joaquin Valley that The Cook Political Report says leans Democratic. Thanks to redistricting, McNerney found himself living outside the district (he currently serves in the state’s th Congressional District), while Gill has grown up in it. (McNerney says he plans to move to the district.) Gill also has raised ,, according to the Federal Election Commission, , more than McNerney—a potentially major indicator of the candidate’s viability. As a result, the National Republican Congressional Committee has named him in its “Young Guns”


program for up-and-coming candidates who have met certain benchmarks—and its chairman, Rep. Pete Sessions, R-Texas, reportedly emails Gill every day to check on the race. Millennials aren’t very good at turning out for elections, but they backed President Barack Obama by a -to- margin in the  election. Their political angst has found its most recently visible expression in the Occupy Wall Street protests, yet the majority of -somethings who have filed to run for Congress so far are Republicans. The candidates I interviewed said they didn’t feel that their generation’s interests had representation in Congress. The “youth unemployment” rate (- to -year-olds) is . percent, according to the Department of Labor, and the share of young people who are employed is at its lowest level on record. The millennial generation expects to bear the brunt of entitlement cuts, and very few expect to receive Social Security benefits at all. Twenty-somethings face a difficult credit market, where securing a mortgage is not a given, and they usually emerge from college with significant debt as college tuition has soared. The anecdotal stories from young congressional candidates parallel recent polling data from Generation Opportunity (see sidebar), an organization that studies millennials and the economy. Sixty-nine percent of millennials said political leaders do not reflect the interests of young Americans. Sixty-six percent are “deeply concerned” about the national debt, and  percent said they would like to see a reduction in federal spending. (That, however, contrasts with a study on millennials that the Pew Research Center conducted this year that showed only  percent of millennials favored smaller government.) The researchers also found  percent of millennials prefer cutting federal spending to raising taxes to balance the budget. Paul Conway, former chief of staff at the Labor Department during the Bush administration, heads up Generation Opportunity, and he analyzed some of the results of the poll. “We have a generation now who has gone through a tremendous amount,” he said, citing /, two wars, and economic collapse. “They see less in their wallet, they see their own friends unemployed, and feel they can’t make payments into their future.”

YOUNG GUN: Ricky Gill, candidate for California’s th Congressional District.

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   

DECEMBER 3, 2011



11/15/11 3:49 PM

MiLLenniaL faLcOns: Wamp, Lindstrom,  Wingfield, and Feinberg with his family (from left).

Twenty-four-year-old Weston Wamp believes, “The debtpaying generation will rise to the occasion in this country.” Wamp is running for a seat in eastern Tennessee once held by his father, eight-term Republican Rep. Zach Wamp. The elder Wamp made an unsuccessful bid for governor of Tennessee in 2010, and Republican Chuck Fleischmann won the seat Wamp vacated. Wamp started his own marketing firm in Chattanooga, Tenn., after graduating from the University of Tennessee in 2009. He works about half time on his business and half time on his campaign. He will turn the qualifying age of 25 in March 2012. Wamp denied that he feels entitled to his dad’s seat, but said that he absorbed political knowledge and wisdom by growing up around his dad and his dad’s friends. “[Republican Sen. Tom] Coburn is like an uncle to me,” Wamp said. “Frankly, I think they need some reinforcements from our generation ... the framers of the Constitution made the age 25 for a reason.” Wamp’s contention with Fleischmann is that he votes along party lines. Fleischmann has voted with his party 95 percent of the time, but he bucked Republican leadership on at least one major vote, casting a “no” on the debt ceiling deal along with 65 of the more conservative members of the House. “Another thing our generation has to bring to the table is a willingness to work across party lines,” Wamp said, though “not compromise for the sake of compromise.” Bipartisanship is only imagined on Capitol Hill right now, but it’s an aspiration shared by other millennial candidates. Brett Lindstrom, 30, running as a Republican for a

seat in Nebraska, commented, “You do have to work across party lines ... I’m more than happy to listen to Democrats’ ideas.” Gill and Wamp are bachelors, but others like Lindstrom are married and brand new fathers. On average, millennials may be delaying life decisions like marriage, but Lindstrom said almost all of his friends are married: “Maybe it’s partly the Midwest.” Two years ago he and his wife Leigh received invitations to 17 weddings in one year, and “now we’re all having kids at the same time.” Lindstrom, who was a quarterback for the University of Nebraska Cornhuskers, finds little time to sleep between his regular job as a financial adviser, the campaign, and caring for his 4-month-old daughter. Lindstrom’s wife also works full-time, while family members help care for their baby during the day. “It sounds like it’s crazy, but it’s not undoable,” Lindstrom said. He admits he and his wife have had some “discussions” about balancing the campaign with a new baby, and related lack of sleep. On the campaign trail he’s taken part in seven parades so far, and he’s learning to be more comfortable approaching people in a café and introducing himself. When he’s not campaigning or being a father, his role as a financial adviser has him working with retirees who he says are often as fearful of their economic future as his generation is. “The generation above us, they haven’t been very good stewards of [public] money,” he said. On the other side of the country, another sleep-deprived father of a 5-month-old is running for Congress. Evan Feinberg, 27, moved his young family back to his roots near Pittsburgh,

TROUBLING SIGNS The views of Millennials, according to the Generation Opportunity Poll WashingtOn: believe the wrong leadership is in Washington and 61 percent will vote on a candidate’s record, not charisma.




31% 57%

of respondents (18-29) are delaying major life changes due to economic restraints.


agree with “American Exceptionalism,” and over half indicated they are not optimistic 50  W about O R L D  the D e country’s c e m b e r   future. 3, 2011

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said they will learn more about the policy positions of presidential candidates in 2012 than they did in 2008.


say political leaders do NOT reflect the interests of young Americans.

70% 80%

(net) would increase production of domestic energy sources like oil.

view China as a danger: economic threat (48 percent), both economic and military threat (28 percent), and military alone (4 percent).


(net) would decrease production of domestic energy sources like oil, natural gas, and coal.



agree they have “more opportunity” than their parents, and 27 percent think their children will have less.

of those 18-29 approve of Obama’s handling of youth unemployment.

natiOnaL secuRity: Greatest threats to national security: e National Debt (62 percent), e Energy Dependency (61 percent) e Indebtedness to Foreign Powers (50 percent)

11/15/11 4:07 PM

hanDout photos

aMeRica anD OppORtunity: believe America is on the wrong track, only 24 percent believe the United States is headed in the right direction.




Pa., to run in the primary against Rep. Tim Murphy, whom Feinberg terms an “Arlen Specter Republican.” Feinberg, a Grove City College graduate, worked at the Heritage Foundation in Washington, D.C., and then on the staff of Sen. Tom Coburn, R-Okla., and Sen. Rand Paul, R-Ky. His wife Sarah is an officer in the Marine Corps Reserves and an Iraq War veteran. Aside from working on Capitol Hill, Feinberg’s political experience is limited to chairing the College Republicans, but he brushes off criticisms about his young age, calling it an “asset.” “[Murphy]’s going to have the bigger problem convincing folks that his age and experience qualify him for serving in Washington,” Feinberg said. But the question of experience is a serious one. Rep. Patrick McHenry, R-N.C., won his seat one week after his th birthday, and for his first two terms he was the youngest member of Congress. He’s in his fourth term now. Even though McHenry was young when he came into office, he had already served as an assistant to Labor Secretary Elaine Chao during the Bush administration and served a term in the North Carolina General Assembly. “You have to have some amount of experience to be effective,” McHenry said. “It’s the nature of the world—you have to prove yourself as a young person no matter what career path you choose.” He ticked off the -somethings who won seats in the  election and their political experience: -year-old Rep. Martha Roby, R-Ala., served on the Montgomery city council; -year-old Rep. Tom Reed, R-N.Y., was mayor of Corning, N.Y.; and others served in state legislatures. (He added that starting a business and starting a family are good experience, too.) McHenry is glad to have some other younger colleagues now. “You have more -somethings on the Republican side than I think we’ve ever had,” he said. As a result of the  elections, the average age of House Republicans dropped from . to ., while the average age of House Democrats rose from  to .. “While some may question the credibility of millennials on things, that’s what the campaign process is about,” said Generation Opportunity’s Conway. “But as a nation, we don’t question the credibility of someone who is  or  years old who signs up to fight for our country.” Fresh from the battlefield of the financial sector, Ethan Wingfield, , is running as a Republican against Democratic Rep. Heath Shuler in western North Carolina. Wingfield, born Email:

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and raised in Shuler’s district, left North Carolina to attend Brown University. In , his senior year, Wingfield was president of Brown’s Reformed University Fellowship (), a student ministry affiliated with the Presbyterian Church in America, when Brown suspended the organization, saying the -member group maintained a “culture of contempt and dishonesty.” Wingfield and  eventually took Brown’s action to the press, and after a six-month dispute, the university restored the student ministry’s membership. Wingfield graduated, started his own technology company, sold it, and joined Capital One, where he rose to become an adviser to the . Since then he and his wife Jacqueline have moved back to North Carolina, and he is about to formally kick off his campaign. Three-term congressman Shuler has an uphill battle for reelection, since the Republican state legislature is enacting redistricting that will cut out much of his Democratic support. The Republican primary roster has started to fill with challengers. Unlike most candidates, Wingfield doesn’t gloss over the work ahead: “Primarying or running in a general against an incumbent is a really tough way to win.” But he knows other facts: Some counties in western North Carolina are dealing with unemployment percentages in the double digits. “I look around at my peers and my friends I grew up with, and they’re really struggling,” he said. “You used to be able to go to school, graduate, work hard, buy a house, settle down, have a kid. That American dream seems to be disintegrating before our eyes.” Capital One, notes Wingfield, did not take any federal bailouts, and added thousands of jobs while the rest of the economy was shrinking. He thinks the federal government could learn about budgeting from the private sector. Wingfield wants to take on another congressional practice—budgeting via emergency spending legislation that’s effective for a few months rather than passing an actual budget for a fiscal year. “As a young person, I’m free to take a -year time horizon, because I’m going to live in that world,” Wingfield said. “Being a finance person, from a fiscal perspective, I think we are way closer to the edge than most people realize. ... I really do think that we have a limited window of time to make serious changes. If I wait  or  years to do it, I think that window would have passed. Why not do it now?” A DECEMBER 3, 2011



11/15/11 4:09 PM

Democrats are dodging a deficit deal, but some Republicans in Congress are willing to raise revenue by closing loopholes for the wealthy in exchange for lower rates. The problem: That may break their signed pledge against tax hikes by Edward LEE Pitts in Washington With a deadlocked so-called supercommittee on deficit reduction only days from its deadline, Senate Majority Leader Harry Reid expressed dismay on Nov. 15 that the panel seemed far way from any agreement. The Nevada Democrat was hoping, he told reporters, for “a lot of hand holding and hugs and pats on the back and we’d head off to Thanksgiving.” But Reid knows better about the ways of Washington. Even in a congressional session with a theme of deficit reduction, spring and summer showdowns over the budget yielded more drama than significant results. Both parties kicked down the road the hard work of government reduction, leaving it to this 12-member panel to make a $1.2 trillion deficit deal by Nov. 23 and achieve the fiscal breakthrough that has eluded President Barack Obama and House Speaker John Boehner. So Reid and others were not really surprised when the committee produced more headlocks than handholding, with Republicans calling for spending cuts and Democrats wanting tax increases. But what has been surprising is who has been most willing to compromise. With Obama blaming Republicans for con-

tinuing “to stick with their rigid positions rather than solve the problem,” a growing number of Republican lawmakers are the ones showing flexibility. Sen. Pat Toomey, a Republican from Pennsylvania and a panel member, laid on the table a plan that would include $300 billion in increased tax revenue. Boehner, who insisted at the panel’s birth that tax increases were “off the table,” even publicly endorsed Toomey’s plan as a “fair offer.” The reason? It would raise tax revenues but not tax rates: Most of the new tax revenue would come from reforming the tax code to limit deductions for high-income earners, and the plan would include cutting the top tax rate from its current 35 percent to 28 percent. Rep. Jeb Hensarling, R-Texas, explained to skeptical House Republicans in a closed-door meeting on Nov. 15 that this significant shift would help offset the pending expiration of the tax cuts enacted under President George W. Bush. The scheduled Jan. 1, 2013, end of those tax cuts will raise the top tax bracket rate to 39.6 percent. Hensarling argued that tax increases through limiting deductions would be a good trade-off for lower overall rates.

“They haven’t thrown me out, so I guess I got a good reception,” Hensarling told reporters after the meeting. This tax concession impressed at least one Democrat. “The fact that some Republicans have stepped forward to talk about revenue, I think, is an invitation for Democrats to step forward and talk about entitlement reform as well as spending cuts,” said Sen. Dick Durbin, D-Ill. “Therein lies the core of an agreement.”


This advice fell on deaf ears. Democrats on the supercommittee have been unwilling publicly to lay significant entitlement reform on the table. Instead, several Democrats on the panel admitted they are not unified. “The fact of the matter is, Democrats have not coalesced around a plan,” said panel member Rep. James Clyburn, D-S.C.

J. Scott Applewhite/Ap


What is a tax


WORLD  December 3, 2011


11/17/11 3:25 PM

The report stated that eliminating these deductions for millionaires would reduce the deficit by $285 billion over the next decade. “From tax write-offs for gambling losses, vacation homes and luxury yachts to subsidies for their ranches and estates, the government is subsidizing the lifestyles of the rich and famous,” Coburn said. “Multimillionaires are even receiving government checks for not working.”

J. Scott Applewhite/Ap


Democrats may not want to endanger their main campaign narrative of championing entitlements. Any supercommittee plan endorsed by Democrats to cut or reshape Medicare and Social Security would put Democrats on the defensive on the 2012 campaign trail. The victim of this strategy could be the supercommittee. “It’s been a long week waiting for a counterproposal,” said Senate Republican Leader Mitch McConnell of Kentucky. Regardless of the supercommittee’s endgame, the legacy of this debate could be the fraying of Republicans’ long-held stand on taxes. Republican leaders have spent November trying to reframe the argument by favoring lower tax rates and the elimination of certain tax deductions. “It is important for us to, in my opinion, reform the tax code,” Boehner said.

GIVE AND TAKE: Supercommittee co-chairs Jeb hensarling (left) and patty murray.

“We’ve got the highest business tax rate in the world. We’ve got a personal tax system that’s so complicated it costs Americans about $500 billion a year to comply with the current tax code. And I think that reforming taxes, both on the business side and personal side, will make America more competitive and produce more economic growth.” This break from a two-decade-old party orthodoxy has also occurred outside the supercommittee. Sen. Tom Coburn, an Oklahoma Republican with a record as an opponent of tax hikes, released a report Nov. 13 arguing that, through the current tax code, the federal government annually provides nearly $30 billion of tax giveaways to millionaires.

Such surprising positions will not come without consequences. Nearly every congressional Republican (including all but six in the House) has signed the Americans for Tax Reform’s “taxpayer protection pledge.” This pledge includes opposition to ending any tax breaks unless it’s combined with rate cuts elsewhere. The group, arguing that any revenue increases always lead to future spending increases, promises to hold the pledge-breakers accountable. Signing this pledge has been as routine as filing to run for most Republican candidates over the years. But already some Republicans this fall are taking the unprecedented step of pushing back. “I believe how the pledge is interpreted and enforced … is a roadblock to realistically reforming our tax code,” said Rep. Frank Wolf, R-Va., recently on the House floor. Still, not all Republicans are willing to put tax changes on the table. “It is about commitments that people make to the electorate that they represent, to the people that sent them here,” said Rep. Eric Cantor, who as Republican majority leader is one of Boehner’s top lieutenants in the House. “So again, your words should be good to your constituents, and that is what we are dealing with here.” From within the Republican leadership to the rank and file, the gauntlet has been thrown down over taxes. The result could create a fierce intraparty showdown among conservatives heading into next fall’s elections. A

ax increase? December 3, 2011




11/17/11 3:25 PM

Christian university groups hope the Supreme Court will protect them from rules that sabotage their mission  L J

Vanderbilt’s Kirkland Hall

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11/17/11 7:49 AM


Campus conformity



s y

 C  at Vanderbilt University soon could be kicked off campus as school administrators quietly adopt a policy that prohibits student organizations from holding members or leaders to any standard of belief or behavior. Representatives from Beta Upsilon Chi, Graduate Christian Fellowship, Christian Legal Society, and Fellowship of Christian Athletes are negotiating with school officials in hopes of persuading them to reverse their decision. But Jim Lundgren, director of collegiate ministries for InterVarsity Christian Fellowship, said they are preparing themselves for the likelihood of becoming “third-class citizens” at Vanderbilt: “We all see the handwriting on the wall.” What’s happening at Vanderbilt is part of a national trend. Last year, only two InterVarsity chapters faced challenges from university administrators over the groups’ right to pick leaders, or remove them, based on their beliefs. This year,  chapters have run afoul of school nondiscrimination policies. Faced with increasing opposition from school administrations, some Christian groups, including InterVarsity, are preparing for what they fear is an inevitable break with the official university system. Unless the U.S. Supreme Court intervenes, religious organizations could soon be relegated to the fringes of college life. Two cases, one decided at the high court last year and one that could end up there next year, are redefining discrimination and religious liberty on campus. In CLS v. Martinez, which involved a chapter of the Christian Legal Society at Hastings Law School, the justices upheld the school’s right to adopt an “all-comers” policy that forces student organizations to abandon all membership restrictions. In ADX v. Reed, the th Circuit Court of Appeals ruled that the California State University system, which does not have an “all-comers policy,” could prohibit membership restrictions based only on certain criteria, including religious beliefs. The Alliance Defense Fund, which also argued CLS v. Martinez, plans later this month to ask the high court to consider the California case. Its decision will determine whether religious organizations can maintain their autonomy and their status as official school groups. Officials at Vanderbilt, in Nashville, Tenn., began reviewing the constitutions of all official student groups last year when members of Christian fraternity Beta Upsilon Chi removed one of the group’s leaders after he revealed he was gay and actively engaged in a sexual relationship. During the review, administrators found  groups with constitutions that violated the school’s nondiscrimination policy. Only the four Christian groups remain in violation. They refuse to strike clauses in their constitutions that require leaders to agree to statements of faith or participate in specific activities, like Bible studies—setting up a showdown with administrators who say official groups can no longer restrict their membership. “In order to be a registered student organization—which means using the Vanderbilt name, having the opportunity to apply for funding from student activity fees and access to university resources—opportunities for membership and

leadership must be accessible to all,” said Beth Fortune, vice chancellor for public affairs, in a written statement. When asked whether the school had any other option for the Christian groups, as an alternative to revoking their official status, Fortune would only say that the administrators were still discussing that issue. InterVarsity tried working with the administration to resolve their differences, but when efforts at private negotiations failed, the group appealed to alumni and friends of the school’s board of trustees. A similar strategy of public pressure worked well for InterVarsity at the University of Puget Sound, in Tacoma, Wash. School administrators reversed their decision to bar InterVarsity from campus after alumnae protested. In the Vanderbilt case,  congressmen have joined the campaign, sending a letter last month to Chancellor Nicholas Zeppos asking him not to discriminate against religious groups.

Opportunities for membership and leadership must be accessible to all. The Vanderbilt case has attracted the most media attention in recent months, but it’s just one of dozens of cases playing out on campuses all across the country, said David Cortman, senior counsel with the Alliance Defense Fund. Most adults, who only know what college life was like when they were in school, have no idea how prevalent discrimination against Christians on campus has become, he said. “The university is supposed to be the marketplace of ideas, but it ends up being the storefront of censorship,” he said. “Rather than being wide open to all viewpoints, including some you may disagree with, [administrators] want you to agree with liberal orthodoxy just to maintain equal status on campus.” Cortman was surprised by Vanderbilt’s decision to adopt what is essentially an “all-comers” policy since the Supreme Court decision in CLS v. Martinez does not apply to private schools. He does not believe public schools will follow Vanderbilt’s lead because an “all-comers” policy would be difficult to enforce equally on a campus with a variety of groups. Schools would have to allow girls to join fraternities and carnivores to lead vegetarian clubs. But more schools could adopt the position held by the University of San Diego and the entire California State University system, which makes that case even more important for the court to hear, he said. Although he hopes the ADF will prevail in ADX v. Reed, Lundgren is making contingency plans. In July, several InterVarsity staffers went to an evangelical student conference in Poland. The Americans gathered information about ministry strategies from groups in countries that prohibit Christian organizations from meeting on college campuses. Lundgren distributed a report detailing their findings to all InterVarsity’s chapters. He is praying the Supreme Court will ensure they never need to use it: “Our hope is that [the court] will hear the U.C. San Diego case and clarify things in a way that will make this work.” A DECEMBER 3, 2011

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Harmonic convergence LIFESTYLE: Writers, artists, and harmonica enthusiasts latch on to the Occupy Wall Street brand BY SUSAN OLASKY


W O W S was still in its infancy, writers and other creative people were writing its history. OR Books announced that its Occupying Wall Street: The Insider Story of an Action That Changed America showed “how the protest was devised and planned, how its daily needs of security, food, clean-up, legal advice, medical assistance and media relations are organized, and how it has won extensive support from trade unions and social movements.” Kickstarter, the online funding platform for creative projects, featured at least nine Occupy projects, including “The Occupy Boston Globe,”


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which raised , from  backers to put out a newspaper in Boston, and “, Occupiers, , Harmonicas,” which hoped to raise , to “equip the entire movement with harmonicas.” The goal of the latter: “As thousands of people step together and breathe together, the sound that we emit will be impossible to ignore or argue, because it lacks words that can be skewed or manipulated.” More than , writers, FIGHT SONGS: including bestsellers like Occupy Wall Lemony Snicket, signed a Street participants petition proclaiming: “We, play music at the undersigned writers and Zuccotti Park. DECEMBER 3, 2011



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Notebook > Lifestyle all who will join us, support Occupy Wall Street and the Occupy Movement around the world.” An Occupy coloring book novel for adults with quotes from Sean Hannity and Rachel Maddow could become a collector’s item with the November eviction of Zuccotti Park protesters. It includes songs, poems, games, and a true to life ‘Guilt Relief Donation Form’ for the overburdened %!”

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LOSING WORDS Language skills deteriorate as people age, and they deteriorate faster in people with Alzheimer’s Disease (AD) or dementia. Researchers at the University of Toronto hoped to detect that decline by studying books written by well-known authors over an entire career, looking for changes in vocabulary size, repetition, word specificity, word-class deficit, fillers, and grammatical complexity. They chose Iris Murdoch, who died of AD; P.D. James, who at the time of the study was , healthy, and still writing; and Agatha Christie, who may have had undiagnosed AD when she died. Since aging has an effect on verbal ability even among the healthy, the researchers were looking for an accelerated or intensified decline to indicate AD. Their conclusion: “Our results support the hypothesis that signs of dementia can be found in diachronic [over time] analyses of patients’ writings.” They also found evidence that Iris Murdoch’s language skills had deteriorated well before she received a formal Alzheimer’s diagnosis, which suggests that decline in writing ability may be an early AD detector. —S.O.


Marriage is at an all-time low in the United States, according to Census Bureau statistics. Only  percent of adults  and older in the United States say they have been married, compared with  percent in . Since , the median age at first marriage increased from . years to . for men and from . to . for women. The Associated Press reported that states in the South and West rank among the highest for couples getting married, but they also have higher rates of divorce. Meanwhile, more liberal states like New Jersey, Connecticut, Massachusetts, and New York ranked among the lowest in divorces. The Census Bureau attributed these lower rates to couples cohabiting rather than marrying. Seven of ten cohabitations end in breakups that can be as painful as divorce, but they do not count in these statistics. David Lapp (Institute for American Values), researching relationships and marriage in Ohio, found that marriage is a frightening prospect for many young people: “They want to get married eventually, but they want to make absolutely certain they marry the right person, and don’t get divorced.” And yet, waiting for marriage does not guarantee less hurt. “Why Marriage Matters,” released by the Center for Marriage and Families last month, shows cohabitation is even more detrimental for children than divorce. While one of four children born to married parents will see them divorce by age , two out of five will experience a parent cohabitation by age —and the breakup rate for these unions is almost three times higher. Government data show that children are at least three times more likely to be emotionally, physically, or sexually abused in a cohabiting household. Lapp said young people from broken homes are hesitant to commit to marriage. “A lot of these young people come from fragmented families. ... A lot of them are asking the question, ‘What is love? How is lifelong love possible?’” —WORLD intern Gracy Howard


Well-known atheist Richard Dawkins funds The Clergy Project website through his Richard Dawkins Foundation for Reason and Science. The website’s goal: “To provide a safe haven for active and former clergy who do not hold the supernatural beliefs of their religious traditions.” The founders say that ministers who no longer believe in God face a dilemma. When they lose faith in God and leave the church, they often lose their friends and family. If they don’t leave, they end up performing empty rituals. The private, invitationonly website, which began in May with  members and now has , “is an on-line meeting place where former and active clergy can talk freely among themselves.” —S.O.



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Notebook > Technology

Green in the red

Another taxpayer-backed energy company goes bankrupt BY DANIEL JAMES DEVINE


B P became the second federal “green energy” loan guarantee recipient to declare bankruptcy when it filed for Chapter  protection on Oct. . Using . million from a Department of Energy loan awarded last year, Beacon built an electricity storage facility in Stephentown, N.Y., that has generated power for the grid—but hasn’t generated profit. The Energy Department’s loan guarantee commitments, totaling  billion, have been touted by the Obama administration as creating jobs and making America a leader in green energy technology, but they came under scrutiny after the August bankruptcy of Solyndra, a startup that received  million to build cylindrical solar panels that proved unmarketable.

Beacon’s technology is certainly attractive in theory: The company builds rotors called flywheels that spin with minimal friction inside a vacuum-sealed tube. When power demand on the grid is low, excess electricity is used to accelerate the flywheels. When demand peaks, the momentum of the rotors sends electricity back into the grid. Although utilities buy Beacon’s power, an independent federal agency governs how much the company can earn. Just  days before the bankruptcy, the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission agreed to increase the amount companies like Beacon can charge—but it was too late to prevent the default. In  Beacon’s stock shares traded for as much as . apiece. Throughout October they were worth less than a dollar. Beacon blames the economy and

As a sign of our progressive times, a smattering of mobile phone applications have become popular over the last six months by arranging local dates. Some singles have grown impatient with traditional online dating, a ritual that may involve “a month” of messaging someone— according to a female student at St. John’s University in New York City—before actually meeting him. Apps like OkCupid Locals, Blendr, and Jazzed (launched in August by popular matchmaking



24 TECHNOLOGY.indd 60

POWER BUT NO PROFIT: Blue flywheel battery pits at Beacon Power in Stephentown, N.Y.

service eHarmony) all integrate the location-based functionality of smartphones, allowing a user to find and contact someone else in town who may be interested in grabbing dinner or a movie at a moment’s notice. That “someone” might be a stranger, so the apps advertise controls to protect privacy and match people with compatible interests. The software creators hope to shake the stigma that such services are primarily used in arranging one-night stands. —D.J.D.



the “political climate” for its lack of profitability and its recent inability to attract private investors: “We got caught in the Solyndra firestorm,” company lawyer William Baldiga said in federal bankruptcy court in Delaware. In a press release the company took pains to distinguish itself from Solyndra: Although Solyndra fired some , employees and shut down its factory when it went bankrupt, Beacon’s employees have merely taken  percent pay cuts and are still operating its flywheel plant. Over objections from the Energy Department, bankruptcy judge Kevin Carey decided to let Beacon use cash collateral locked up by the loan terms to pay operating expenses at least until a Nov.  final hearing. Beacon, based in Tyngsboro, Mass., has also received . million from its home state. Another renewable energy company in Massachusetts, Evergreen Solar, went bankrupt in August after receiving millions in state subsidies.


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11/17/11 11:33 AM

Notebook > Science U.S. mining companies are treading on the Chinese monopoly BY CAROLINE COLEMAN


A set of original diary pages by missionary and explorer David Livingstone, recording his experiences in Congo in  during his final African expedition, has been published for the first time. Livingstone scribbled his raw observations—rewritten in the diary he published later—using berry ink on old newspaper. Today the ink is nearly invisible. Researchers coaxed the faded cursive from obscurity using high-



24 SCIENCE and HOG.indd 62

tech scans that measured multiple wavelengths of light. In a July entry, the Scottish missionary described a massacre of up to  Africans by Muslim slave traders: “It is awful—terrible a dreadful world this—as I write shot after shot falls on the fugitives ... Oh let thy kingdom come.” The full text and scans are viewable atdiary. —Daniel James Devine


MINE OF THE TIMES: Molycorp’s open pit mine in Mountain Pass, Calif.


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11/17/11 12:42 PM


Rare rare earths

R — chemical elements in the periodic table—are the “secret” ingredients in products ranging from smart phones to smart bombs. Despite their name, rare earth elements like cerium are as abundant as copper but difficult to separate from their surroundings—and almost always contain radioactive uranium and thorium. Until recently, China was the only country willing to dirty its hand with the environmentally unfriendly byproducts: Although it only has  percent of the world’s rare earths, China currently accounts for  percent of the world’s supplies. That’s because China has actively sought control of mines in Africa, where much of the world’s rare earths are believed to reside. But China has tightened its export quotas, even though world demand has outstripped supply since . Some fear that China someday could halt exports, with dire military and economic consequences. Manufacturers use rare earths in cars, computers, home appliances, audio and video equipment, and computers. The U.S. missile guidance system also relies on rare earths. Interest is growing among U.S. mining firms and one company, Molycorp, claims to be able to conquer rare earth mining challenges: Its Mountain Pass facility, perched in the California desert yet close to rail and road transit, has the necessary permits to mine rare earths, and the only protected species nearby—the desert tortoise—is rarely seen. The mine has a stark beauty, with a clear blue desert sky soaring above a blue green groundwater pool at the base of the -foot-deep open mining pit. Fifty- and -ton dump trucks lumber up and down its haul road. But hints of trouble lurk. Molycorp’s stock has been on a wild ride—now just above  billion, down from its July  high of over  billion—and safety issues loom. A sign greets visitors to the mine: “Number of days since the last Lost Time Accident: .” Ironically, rare earths are essential in the manufacture of hybrid cars, wind turbines, and energy efficient fluorescent lamps, but environmentalists worry about wastewater leaks and other potential toxic effects.

Notebook > Houses of God

Anglican officers and government officials have decided to partially demolish ChristChurch Cathedral, a landmark in

downtown Christchurch, New Zealand, that was structurally damaged in the magnitude 6.3 earthquake of Feb. 22, which claimed 181 lives. The central business district of Christchurch and large


Stefan Wermuth/reuterS/neWScom

areas of suburbs were destroyed, including 1,500 homes. The Christchurch bishop says the church will not rebuild an exact replica of the Gothic-style structure but will combine old and new elements. Japanese architect Shigeru Ban has proposed a 700-seat cathedral built from shipping containers, cardboard, paper, and glass.

December 3, 2011

24 SCIENCE and HOG.indd 63



11/15/11 4:12 PM

Notebook > Sports

Judging JoePa

Legendary Penn State coach faces moral outrage, but residual support signals that sports is king BY MARK BERGIN




24 SPORTS and MONEY.indd 64

hollering words of encouragement and chanting, “We are Penn State!” And when school trustees elected to fire the -year-old coach the next day, several thousand students rallied to protest on the Penn State campus. But many observers found such shows of support deplorable. Here is a sampling of the wide range of reactions in judging JoePa: I Patrick McDonald of the Rape, Abuse and Incest National Network (RAINN): “I am amazed and sickened, but not surprised, at the support for Paterno. People seem to care more about the fact that he coached a team for X years and scored Y number of wins. Who cares if a few boys had their lives ruined?” I Duke basketball coach Mike Krzyzewski: “I think one thing you have to understand is that Coach Paterno is  years old. I’m not saying that for an excuse. The cultures that he’s been involved in, both football-wise and socially, there have been immense changes. And how social issues are

handled in those generations are quite different, quite different.” I ACLJ senior counsel David French, at National Review Online: “It was cowardly for a college-football legend to do the absolute bare minimum required by law (if he even did that) in response to contemporaneous reports that a child had been abused in the coach’s own facility. I’m sorry, Coach Paterno, but the call to your athletic director did nothing to defend the defenseless, and when you saw that nothing happened as a result of that call, it was your absolute moral obligation to take action.” I Former Penn State player and NFL great Franco Harris: “I feel that the board made a bad decision in letting Joe Paterno go. I’m very disappointed in their decision. I thought they showed no courage, not to back someone who really needed it at the time.” I Sportswriter John Feinstein: “Because Paterno was such an iconic figure, there will always be those who see him as some kind of victim in all this. But as the week went on there appeared to be more and more recognition of the fact that for some actions—or inactions—there are no excuses to be found, only apologies to be made.” A Email:

11/17/11 11:21 AM


UNSPEAKABLE ATROCITIES: Paterno (above) faces scrutiny; Sandusky (left) is taken away in a police car on Nov. .


A   Penn State football coach Jerry Sandusky sexually assaulted young boys and that university employees covered it up have met universal moral outrage. But reactions to head coach Joe Paterno’s role in keeping the matter quiet are more mixed. Sports writers, commentators, and fans seem torn between condemning the beloved football icon for his silence and letting him off the hook on account of his life accomplishments. Paterno has worked as part of the Penn State coaching staff for  years,  of those as top man, winning two national championships and compiling a record  victories. A detailed grand jury report contains devastating testimony from numerous witnesses indicting Sandusky of unspeakable atrocities, some committed on the campus of Penn State. The report outlines one  instance in which graduate assistant coach Mike McQueary claims to have witnessed Sandusky in a Penn State facility shower raping a boy no more than  or  years old. McQueary reported the incident to Paterno, who in turn alerted athletic director Tim Curley. It is unclear how specific McQueary was in his reporting. Curley claims he was informed only of “inappropriate conduct” in the vein of “horsing around” and was given no indication of sexual conduct of any kind. Whatever the details witnessed or reported, McQueary, Paterno, and Curley failed to involve police. Nevertheless, supportive crowds gathered outside the Paterno home in the aftermath of Sandusky’s arrest,

Notebook > Money

Signs of life Despite problems in Europe, the U.S. economy may be starting to heal BY WARREN COLE SMITH


E   the financial news for weeks, and with good reason: The future of the euro as a currency and the European Union as a viable economic entity hangs on the resolution of EuroZone debt problems. And a shakeup there will affect economies worldwide. Lost in the euro talk, however, has been evidence that the U.S. economy is starting to show signs of life. The United States added , jobs in October and the unemployment rate

ADDING JOBS: An Ohio Bob Evans restaurant advertises job openings.

The U.S. economy saw another sign of life when online coupon pioneer Groupon raised about  million with an initial public offering on Nov. . The price for the stock was set at  per share, above the anticipated range of  to . The higher price indicated investors were eager to snap up the Chicago-based company’s shares. The IPO’s price gives Groupon a market value of . billion. That makes Groupon’s IPO the second-largest by an internet company, behind only that of Google Inc. in . IPOs are an important gauge of economic activity, since they signal the willingness of the capital markets to make investments in the economy. Analysts hope the success of the Groupon IPO will motivate others. More than  companies have filed with the SEC for an IPO but have been holding fire for the right time to offer their stock. Groupon may encourage investment bankers and money managers—many of whom are sitting on large pots of cash—to jump back into the capital markets. —W.C.S.



dropped to  percent. Also, fewer people made first-time claims for unemployment benefits during October. The Labor Department, which releases the numbers weekly, said on Nov.  that weekly applications dropped , to a seasonally adjusted ,. It was the sixth drop in seven weeks, and the lowest level in five weeks. This number is significantly higher than the , needed to signal real job growth, but most analysts say it’s an important step in the right direction. In a separate report, the Commerce Department said the seasonally adjusted U.S. trade deficit shrank to . billion in September. That was the narrowest trade gap since December  and was the result of record-high exports and suggests the U.S. economy closed the third quarter a little stronger than many expected. Finally, Americans are more hopeful about the economic outlook. A November rise in the Thomson Reuters/ University of Michigan consumer confidence index was the third consecutive monthly gain, and it pushed consumer sentiment to a five-month high.


The Heritage Foundation held what it called a Conference on the Stable Dollar in October, giving mainstream—or at least conservative mainstream— credibility to discussions of a return to the gold standard. President Richard Nixon officially ended the gold standard more than  years ago, but some conservatives and libertarians have been calling for a return ever since. This year, gold has traded as high as , an ounce and the U.S. banking system is in turmoil. So gold standard advocates, who usually also support the abolition of the Federal Reserve Bank, are out in greater force. Even Occupy Wall Street has gotten into the act, with a smattering of “End the Fed” signs showing up at protests. But the idea of a gold standard hasn’t caught on with most GOP presidential candidates. Ron Paul and Herman Cain have endorsed the gold standard, according to the American Principles Project. At a debate in October, Newt Gingrich called for “hard money with a very limited Federal Reserve.” The others have been silent or skeptical, calling instead for reforms at the Fed. —W.C.S. Stay connected: Sign up to receive email updates at

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11/16/11 3:54 PM

Notebook > Religion

On the job

A somewhat humbled HAROLD CAMPING continues to look at the Bible as a code to crack BY TIM DALRYMPLE


STRATEGIC APPOINTMENT The Obama White House has courted centrist Christians on issues like adoption and fatherhood in recent years, and on Oct.  President Obama explained to the National Association of Evangelicals’ executive committee how the faith community can support his jobs plan. Now the president and the Democratic National Committee have appointed Derrick Harkins, a board member of the NAE, to direct religious outreach for the  election. The appointment provoked opposition within progressive circles, as Harkins, like many African-American pastors, does not support



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same-sex marriage or unfettered access to abortion. Gwen Ashby of Believe Out Loud characterized the appointment as a disappointment and a “missed opportunity.” Defending his appointment, Harkins said that the Democrats allow for diversity of opinion on gay marriage and abortion. The left’s outrage at the appointment may suggest otherwise. Still, according to Luke Moon from the Institute for Religion and Democracy, the appointment of the evangelical Harkins to head Obama’s religious outreach “fits nicely into the left’s strategy to fracture the traditionally conservative evangelical vote.” —T.D.

HIGHER PLAN? The unemployment crisis has grown so severe that God has revealed which policies will restore job growth. So, at least, President Obama implied when he chided the House of Representatives for taking time to affirm “In God We Trust” as the national motto. “I trust in God,” said the president in a Nov.  speech, “but God wants to see us help ourselves, by putting people back to work.” (See Quotables, Nov. .) At a press conference later that day, a reporter asked White House press secretary Jay Carney about the statement. Carney replied: “I believe the phrase from the Bible is, ‘The Lord helps those who help themselves.’” Yet this, as WORLD readers know, is not a biblical phrase at all. The White House later issued a correction: “This common phrase does not appear in the Bible.” When CNN investigated the phenomenon of “phantom scriptures” five months ago, Rabbi Rami Shapiro explained: “Most people who profess a deep love of the Bible have never actually read the book.” Instead, “They have memorized parts of texts that they can string together to prove the biblical basis for whatever it is they believe in.” Just so. —T.D.


T H C  appears, for better or worse, to have at least one more chapter. The “documentarian” who revealed that Harold Camping was retiring from Family Radio may not have represented himself—or Camping— honestly. Shortly after The Christian Post reported in a “Harold Camping Exclusive” that Camping was retiring, Camping’s daughter disputed the claim. Camping has stepped back from some responsibilities, said Susan Espinoza, but remains the general manager for Family Radio. Brandon Tauszik, she claimed, had concealed his journalistic intentions in order to penetrate the inner circle of Camping’s fellowship and family. Camping also posted an audio message on the Family Radio website in which he apologizes for questioning the salvation of those who did not believe in his doomsday prophecy. Seeking to understand why the expected judgment day failed to materialize, Camping says that he has been “checking my own notes more carefully than ever” and he finds that “there is other language in the Bible that we still have to look at very carefully.” While the -year-old radio preacher does not seem to have abandoned the notion that esoteric biblical codes can reveal the dates of critical events in God’s salvific plan, he does sound a humbler note. The story of his failed predictions “seems embarrassing for Family Radio,” but God was the storyteller and He could have changed the plot at any time. “God is still on the throne,” and “we must not feel for a moment that we have been abandoned.”

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11/16/11 10:27 AM



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11/14/11 10:35 AM

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College of the Ozarks is seeking a Headmaster for a new college preparatory high school located on its campus in Point Lookout, Missouri. The qualified candidate would be responsible for hiring teachers, implementing a classical curriculum, maintaining an environment of high standards, and working with departments across the college to create innovative programming for the school. The candidate will also be responsible for ensuring that a Biblical worldview is incorporated into all school programs and for maintaining a focus on the institution’s century-old mission, including its academic, Christian, cultural, vocational, and patriotic goals. Candidates should have a strong and vibrant Christian faith, an understanding of classical education, and impeccable character. Candidates should also have a master’s degree or PhD, as well as previous administrative or teaching experience. Send a resume, official transcripts, and three letters of recommendation (including one from your pastor) to: Vicki Wrosch Human Resources College of the Ozarks PO Box 17 Point Lookout, MO 65726 or email College of the Ozarks is a small (1,350 students), liberal arts, workstudy college with a commitment to evangelical Christian faith and service located in southwest Missouri near Branson ( College of the Ozarks is an EO/AA Employer.

24 CLASSIFIEDS.indd 69

The C12 Group is America’s leading business roundtable for Christian CEOs and owners of firms ranging from $1 million to $1 billion. Many member companies are long-term participants who, after many years of C12 membership, still find real value in coming together with other Christian professionals to focus on breakthrough business and ministry applications. C12 MEMBER

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Located in the heart of New York City, the GENEVA SCHOOL of Manhattan, a classical, Christian nursery-8 Coed Private School, seeks full-time Academic Dean candidate with potential to become the Head of School. The ideal candidate would have graduate training and at least 5 years of experience teaching and/or leading in a classical, Christian school. He or she would also have a passion for academic achievement that is rooted in classical, integrated curricula. He or she would have a history of working well with all school constituents, and would be passionate about developing the academic stature of the school while contributing to a thriving spiritual influence. If interested, please email resumé and brief statement of your philosophy of the integration of faith and learning to Stephanie Stiker at

11/15/11 10:22 AM

Patrick Henry college

Education for truth, Truth for leadership, All for Christ…

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Patrick Henry college

For Christ & for Liberty


To find out more, visit us at Patrick Henry College is certified by the State Council of Higher Education for Virginia and accredited by the Transnational Association of Christian Colleges and Schools.

“Addresses the subject with keen logic, a grasp of history, and thorough exegesis of biblical literature.” -Forward by Dr. Paige Patterson, President, Southwestern Baptist Theological Seminary “Exhaustive research presents a powerful case for abstinence.” -Dr. Jim Richards, Executive Director, Southern Baptists of Texas Convention Destroys “myth that the ancients had no way of preserving grape juice.” -Dr. R. L. Sumner, Biblical Evangelist “A masterful job explaining the times and customs of Bible days and the scriptural use of the word ”wine” -Jeff Schreve, pastor, FBC Texarkana, Texas “The clarity, logic, and thoroughness, an outstanding attorney uses… This work is outstanding. I recommend it strongly” -Judge H. Paul Pressler, Justice for the 14th Court of Appeals, Houston, TX • Numerous quotes from ancient and modern authorities • Examines ancient wine recipes, practices and preservation • Study of controversial Bible passages 304 pages.

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Available from your local bookstore,

11/14/11 10:36 AM


“A god of our age”

(Oct. ) Thank you for not canonizing Steve Jobs, as many other media have. He was an incredible innovator, his ideas were almost always cutting edge, and I was pleased to hear that he was married for  years to the same woman. But let’s keep his achievements in proper perspective.  , Lakewood, Ohio

Steve Jobs had great insight into our society’s future, and his standard of excellence inspires us. But it is also clear that this “visionary” had no insight into the truths of God nor into the most important future of all: the eternal state of man’s soul.   Zanesville, Ohio

As we ponder a world without Jobs, let us recognize his mother, a single woman and a college student who placed him for adoption. She could have had an abortion and no one would have known what the world had missed. We can add Steve Jobs to the list of children whose unseen, heroic mother gave us an amazing human being.

their mortgage than the couple who buys the more expensive house and stays put. Maybe I’ll encourage my kids to consider the nicer neighborhood after all.  

Raleigh, N.C.

My wife and I have been married for a little over a year and we’re saving up for a down-payment on a

house. Your column was a blessing to us and a reminder to persevere on the financially conservative road of stewardship. It also reminded us that saying yes to a more expensive house means saying no to tithing more and being more generous to others.  

Ludlow, Mass.

“Candidate Cain” (Oct. ) What a disappointment! Herman Cain’s answer to your question about what difference it makes whether a person believes in evolution or creation was, “None. … I don’t think that’s relevant to turning this economy around and protecting this nation.” Without a firm belief in the God of Scripture and the creation story, man is set loose to make his own moral judgments, leading to unwise choices that bring ruin to our economy and undermine the safety of our nation.   Fallon, Nev.

“Time to go pro” (Oct. ) I’m simply baffled, and a bit irritated, by your review of the movie Courageous. You presumed that Hollywood can “help” the Kendricks, but going Hollywood on anything Christian could

CHINANDEGA, NICARAGUA / submitted by Soonie Keznor around the world

 

Pleasanton, Calif.

“The Smiths and the Browns” (Oct. ) Your “buy small, upgrade later” house-buying recommendation ignored some crucial factors, such as inflation and the expenses of selling one home to upgrade to another. You also used an atypical mortgage interest rate ( percent). When I factor in a modest increase in housing value, a  percent mortgage, realtor fees, and , in closing costs, the couple who buys the cheap house first would take three months longer to pay off Send photos and letters to:

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11/15/11 4:17 PM

Mailbag jeopardize the message. And we wonder why Christian artists cross over to pop and how a secular company ended up with VeggieTales.

we have but how we use what we have to bring good to others. Class envy is a sure sign of an ungrateful heart. Montgomery, Ala.

Roanoke, Va.

My sisters and I are much like Olasky’s aunts and mother. I married a wonderful Christian man (seriously, this guy is awesome) who struggles every day to provide for me and our five children, but I would never change a thing. If only people could grasp the truth that our security is in God, not a (k) account.

Leesburg, Ga.

Pleasant Valley, N.Y.

“No turning back”

(Oct. ) Many thanks to Marvin Olasky for addressing not only the root cause of class envy and the solution for it but for his honesty in describing the struggle he had with this particular sin. Probably very few of us have not struggled with this sin in some form. It is not how much or how little

My six children were aged - at the time of the accident that claimed the lives of the Willis children. I felt their pain and wondered how I would hold up under such a test, so I prayed fervently for them that their faith would remain strong. I am so glad to hear that they are using their trial to strengthen the brethren.  

Claremore, Okla.

 

 

“Battling class envy”

 

Blue Hill, Maine

 

 

I thought the movie was very good, but I did not like going into a Christian bookstore to find books, studies, desk calendars, and framed certificates all in the name of Courageous. I find it very sad how quickly we can find a way to change the ministry of Jesus into the business of Jesus.

love, grace, and peace more powerfully than ever before in my life.

(Oct. ) This column is spot-on. I could relate to the Willises because in  my older daughter went home at age  after a lengthy battle with cancer. Her mother and I stayed with her and her husband during the last months of her life. During that time I experienced daily God’s presence, power,

“Pastors and politics” (Oct. ) Tim Dalrymple’s warning is a little bit late for our church; we have suffered a split over how to counter the current political trend. In our case we did not realize that we had any political disagreements. Congregations need to be informed about the biblical design for the “civil magistrate.”  

Olathe, Colo.

What we’ve discovered about real grace for teens.

As a pastor, I encourage my congregation to be informed on candidates and issues and to vote with a biblical worldview. However, we must remember that the primary task of the church is spiritual, not political. The best way to ensure that Christians vote with a biblical worldview is to build them up in the faith, knowing the truths of God’s Word and applying it in every facet of life.  

Woodbridge, Calif.


eal grace in this world comes through real adults. Not Christians who imagine life in Christ with only smiles. Not Christians who are scared of teens who talk back. We parent children who need help through steady and joyful hands. At Cono, we teach them, too. We are doing this with teens who need a safe, yet challenging, place to overcome hopelessness, disruptive behavior, and attachment difficulties. Whether you need help for a child, or want to join us in this work.... Contact: Dave Toerper, Admissions: 888-646-0038 x250 Thomas Jahl, Headmaster: Cono Christian School, Walker IA

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“Off the farm” (Oct. ) Your story described the plight of Alabama farmers who, after the state’s tough immigration law passed, suddenly had no help to harvest their crops. This seems like a strange problem considering Alabama’s unemployment rate. It suggests that the unemployed decided to continue collecting unemployment rather than do an honest day’s work for an honest day’s pay.   Falls Church, Va.

“Following the yellow brick road” (Oct. ) Our local (and somewhat liberal) newspaper repeatedly denounces the prolife and fiscally responsible decisions that Gov. Brownback of Kansas has made over

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the past year. That makes Angela Lu’s article all the more encouraging. I appreciate what Gov. Brownback is doing for my state.  .  Hutchinson, Kan.

Health care

for people of faith

“Obsessed with liberty” (Oct. ) As a patriot who loves the freedom and liberty guaranteed by the Constitution, I say we should be more than obsessed with our Godordained rights—we should be ready to defend them at all costs. Thank you to Alan Sears of the Alliance Defense Fund for fighting the good fight.   Eastvale, Calif.

“Confidence game” (Oct. ) Joel Belz finally ended WORLD’s overly diplomatic tone in describing the real Barack Obama. The stage was set almost  years ago for a statist such as Obama with Supreme Court decisions concerning school prayer, the Ten Commandments in classrooms, and abortion. Obama is merely continuing the process toward centralized government and moral decay.  

North Augusta, S.C.

Corrections Cartoonist Gary Varvel was  when he needed an unemployment check,  when he was married, and  when his first child was born (“No laughing matter,” Nov. , p. ). He attends Bethesda Baptist Church in Brownsburg, Ind. Bill Buckner’s misplay of a ground ball in Game  of the  World Series allowed only one run to score (“Penultimate greatness, Nov. ).

LETTERS AND PHOTOS Email: Write: WORLD Mailbag, P.O. Box , Asheville,  - Please include full name and address. Letters may be edited to yield brevity and clarity.

If you are a committed Christian, you do not have to violate your faith by purchasing health insurance from a company that pays for abortions and other unbiblical medical practices. You can live consistently with your beliefs by sharing medical needs directly with fellow believers through Samaritan Ministries’ non-insurance approach. This approach even satisfies the individual mandate in the recent Federal health care law (Sec. 1501 (b) of HR 3590 at pg. 327, 328). Every month the more than 18,000* households of Samaritan Ministries share more than $4 million* in medical needs directly—one household to another. They also pray for one another and send notes of encouragement. The monthly share for a family of any size has never exceeded $320*, and is even less for singles, couples, and single-parent families. Also, there are reduced share amounts for members aged 25 and under, and 65 and over.

For more information call us toll-free at 1-888-268-4377, or visit us online at: Follow us on Twitter (@samaritanmin) and Facebook (SamaritanMinistries). * As of August 2011

Biblical faith applied to health care

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“It’s like NPR from a Christian worldview.” Trevin Wax, blogger, Kingdom People

The World and Everything in It

What you can expect News review: Top stories of the week, in the United States and around the world Special features like “The Olasky Interview,” “Let the Candidates Speak,” and “The History Book” Commentary: Original reflections by Joel Belz, Andrée Seu, and Janie Cheaney, and other biblical worldview thinkers In-depth audio treatments of feature stories from the print magazine Culture: Film and television reviews by Megan Basham, books by Susan Olasky, and music by Arsenio Orteza Political roundup: Analysis of the candidates and the issues — plus key state and local initiatives Thorough coverage of life issues, education, the economy, and the law News of the church and God’s people working in the world

A weekly radio program from World News Group

Check radio listings, listen online, and share favorite segments via Facebook and Twitter at Listen anytime, anywhere with free podcast subscriptions on iTunes.


“The World and Everything in It” debuted August 6 on two dozen radio affiliates. Since then, TW&E has grown to 180 stations, and airs network-wide Sunday nights at 6 (central) on Bott Radio Network. This thoughtful and enjoyable week-in-review program features news and analysis from the WORLD editorial team and interviews with top newsmakers—with the journalistic depth you’ve come to expect from WORLD.

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11/17/11 11:36 AM

Andrée Seu

Fighting the good fight

It’s in life’s miniscule events that we meet our match



“F      ” ( Timothy :) always conjures the grand image of me heroically holding my ground in a hostile forum of ungodly opponents, like Paul at the Areopagus (Acts ). But that kind of thing almost never happens to me in Glenside, Pa. I looked to the Lord to train my tongue against an external foe, and instead He trained my tongue for an internal one. Satan said: “Your religion is a dream. Look at your friend J: She prayed hard, and God led her into a trap of a marriage.” I arm up and speak aloud: “Lord, nevertheless, I believe that You will work out all things for her good—and I am waiting for it.” This is the good fight of the faith. And this is where all godly warfare begins, in lonely private wrestlings. A young man forgives a young lady who betrayed him—taking on her debt, bringing God the pain, holding back his tongue from slicing at her reputation. It takes a year to do it, and no one ever knows but him and God. This is the good fight of the faith, and all courage is hidden courage. You are in conversation and have a strong urge to inject a comment that would clinch your point. You almost blurt it out, and it would be neither slander


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nor untruth. But a check in your spirit says it would add nothing to the final outcome, and may embarrass a brother. So you stifle your urge, and find it is surprisingly difficult. This is the good fight of the faith, and all warfare requires a death. Not exactly the Areopagus. But that is just the point. Most of our calls to “fight the good fight” are miniscule events. Getting arrested running Bibles into Tajikistan is a fairly rare occurrence. Someday the Lord might well ask, “Why didn’t you fight the good fight?” Will we answer, “You never sent me an obnoxious pagan to go toe to toe with”? Angela wrote a letter to her true love. Embedded in that letter was a darling question she had honed by many rewrites. Angela almost didn’t notice at first the slight discomfort in her spirit. She might have proceeded as usual, and would never have known till Judgment Day that she had failed a little test. Temptations immediately succumbed to leave no trace. But Angela is a woman of a certain age who was getting weary of the moribund cycle of sin-andconfess. She introduced a line of probing self-questions into her cogitations: “Does this letter I wrote proceed from faith or from manipulation? Does it accord best with the command to love my brother for his good? Would God be better glorified by my sending it or tearing it up?” Angela also dug deep in Scripture. Sometimes we don’t dig terribly deep in the Word because we have already decided on a plan. You will be mistaken if you think this process was easy or tidy for Angela. There were moments of sheer agony that felt like dying, and moments when the devil was winning with his argument against over-scrupulosity, and his proposal that it really didn’t matter which course she chose because it’s all under the Blood. The interesting thing is that when Angela first conceived the idea to write the letter, her desire was only moderately strong. It was once she started to put up the slightest resistance that she noticed how tenacious the desire was, as when a person sticks his finger in a Chinese finger trap, and his efforts to extricate himself from the woven bamboo cylinder merely tighten its grip. Satan doesn’t have to haul out the AK- unless the peashooter doesn’t work. Many people think Jesus had an unfair advantage in fighting the good fight because He was the Son of God. What we learn is that the strength of a temptation is a function of the length of time one fights against it without giving in. Only Jesus fought to the end of that dark tunnel every time, and He found wild beasts down there. So do all who share in His sufferings ( Corinthians :). Now He was positioned for the ultimate fight of the faith: “Why hast Thou forsaken me?” A DECEMBER 3, 2011



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Marvin Olasky

Window of opportunity

Will Libya ever return to its roots and embrace religious liberty?




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Islamic country. We take the Islamic religion as the core of our new government. The constitution will be based on our Islamic religion.” That means no liberty for Christians to evangelize. It may mean death for Libyan Muslims irresistibly called to Christ. And, sadly, this will all be occurring in the country that was a major Christian center during most of the six centuries following Christ’s resurrection. Tom Oden’s Early Libyan Christianity (IVP, ) shows the error of those who claim that “African Christianity began only with modern Western colonialism,” or that “Islam has more authentic claims to Africaneity than Christianity.” Oden tells a striking story and he’s a striking person: A scholar who edited the -volume Ancient Christian Commentary on Scripture, he is a self-described “white guy from middle America, born in the Dust Bowl of the Great Depression.” With that background he has spent decades learning and then showing the debt Christianity owes to Africa. His ancestors hailed from the British Isles and Scandinavia, so he has no skin in this game, but it’s often that way with Christians, who oddly enough prefer historical truth to ancestor worship. Let’s be honest, now: How many of you, dear readers, heard the news about Libya and thought “Simon of Cyrene,” who carried Christ’s cross to Calvary—but Cyrene was part of Libya? Libyans were present at Pentecost and at the stoning of Stephen. They were members of the Christian communities of Jerusalem, Antioch, and probably Rome. Oden provides evidence that the Gospel writer Mark was Libyan, as were six centuries of Christian theologians and martyrs. They came close to hitting a home run, but Libya also had heresy and dissension. When Arab armies swept across North Africa beginning in  .., some saw it as a temporary setback—but nearly , years later Islam still rules those lands and brooks no opposition. Christianity had its moment in Libya. How long, Lord, until it has another? A


W    was always willing but my flesh was weak. One example: I never hit a home run in a game and came close only once. In  I played in a University of Michigan graduate student co-ed softball league. Susan, who would shortly become my wife, batted ahead of me. She hit a ground ball and pulled a muscle leaving the batter’s box. She displayed her tenacity—and the mediocrity of the league—by making it to first safely. (The third baseman fielded the ball cleanly but tried to compose the next few sentences of his dissertation before throwing it.) I helped Susan limp to the sidelines and then went to bat, with a pinch runner taking her place at first. I surprisingly lined the ball over the head of the center fielder, ran the bases in my ponderous way, and while rounding third looked back and saw that the shortstop had caught the throw from the outfield and was prepared to relay the ball to the catcher. A good throw home would nab me so I stopped, pleased with my triple and thinking: No use risking an out, I’ll hit a home run some other time. That other time never came. I’ll go to my grave homerless, hoping to play baseball in heaven. And that gets me to the issue of moments missed not by individuals but by nations. Russia had a window of opportunity two decades ago: Many American evangelicals went to help and were God’s instruments in changing lives, but the nation as a whole ended up with Vladimir Putin. The United States has a crucial election next year, and  will also bring a choice for Libya: change, or return to dictatorship. The first Libyan signs are encouraging economically but not theologically. The New York Times reported that American and European business leaders “are abuzz about the business potential of a country with huge needs and the oil to pay for them, plus the competitive advantage of Libyan gratitude toward the United States and its NATO partners. … Western companies hope to have some advantage over, say, China, which was offering to sell arms to Colonel Qaddafi as recently as July.” Money may talk but it appears that Christians will be silenced. Mustafa Abdel-Jalil, chairman of the National Transitional Committee and potentially Libya’s new strongman, has proclaimed, “We are an


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krieg barrie

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As a Christian, you don’t have to do things the way the rest of the world does them. And that includes healthcare. You see, Medi-Share members are exempt from Washington’s new mandate to buy health insurance (H.R. 3590). MediShare isn’t insurance. It’s a community of more than 36,000 Christians who follow

the biblical model of sharing and paying each other’s medical expenses—much like the early church did 2000 years ago. In fact, Medi-Share members have saved and shared more than $550 million in medical bills since 1993. And because we promote and support healthy biblical lifestyles, participation is affordable. So if you’re worried about the new healthcare bill, relax. Call or visit today. And enjoy the freedom that comes from being part of the caring body of Christ.

Call 1-800- PSALM -23 (800-772-5623) or visit WWW.MEDI-SHARE.ORG . Medi-Share is a Christian Health Care Sharing Ministry and its participants are exempt from the mandates that require most Americans to buy health insurance as defined in the legislation.

• 36,000 Christians who want to pay your medical bills • Health consulting and education • Prayer support of fellow members Medi-Share is not health insurance. Medi-Share is not available in Montana.

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WORLD Magazine December 3, 2011 Vol. 26 No. 24  

Today's news, Christian views

WORLD Magazine December 3, 2011 Vol. 26 No. 24  

Today's news, Christian views