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Table 6.2. Delivery attendance, by type of health worker and socioeconomic quintile (percent) Wealth quintiles Type of health worker Doctor Nurse/midwife Clinical officer

Low

2nd

Middle

4th

High

1.0

1.4

1.4

4.8

11.6

Average 3.3

24.8

24.7

34.0

65.7

78.7

41.9

1.1

1.1

1.0

0.9

1.0

1.2

Traditional birth attendant

29.3

35.0

30.9

8.4

3.3

23.3

Relative/other

35.8

31.1

27.9

17.3

4.0

25.2

7.6

5.7

4.6

2.7

1.0

4.7

No one

Source: 2002 DHS. Note: Quintiles were derived using the methodology introduced by Filmer and Pritche (1999, 2001).

Figure 6.2. Socioeconomic differences in delivery attendance 90 80

Percent

70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 Low

2nd

Middle

4th

Doctor

Nurse/midwife

Traditional birth attendant

Relative/other

High

Source: 2007 DHS.

tendants provided assistance to 23.3 percent of the women and doctors to only 3.3 percent.3 The pro-rich gradient in the proportion of women assisted by a nurse or midwife is now much steeper. For doctors, on the other hand, the shape of the curve for delivery a endance is similar to that for the provision of antenatal care. The activity of traditional birth a endants tends to be concentrated among women in the three lowest quintiles. Deliveries assisted by a family member or someone else are most common among the poor, though the share of women receiving this assistance has decreased dramatically across all wealth quintiles since 2001/02 (from 36.4 in the 2001/02 DHS to 25.2 percent in the 2007 DHS).

Medical Treatment of Children with Diarrhea or Cough/fever Analyzing 2002 DHS data found that in contrast to antenatal care, there is li le variation across socioeconomic quintiles among those seeking medical treatment for certain child illnesses. Table 6.3 and figure 6.3 show the proportion of mothers who sought treatment—compared with those who did not—from community-based agents or traditional

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