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Figure 5.3. Absenteeism, by cadre and gender 60 50

Percent

40

Male

Female

30 42.9

20

50.2 25.1

24.7

20.8

10 15.5

18.9

13.4

0 Doctors

Clinical officers

Nurses

Average

Source: Herbst and Gijsbrechts 2007.

the PETS (Picazo 2008), which found that 31.0 percent of the doctors were not on site the day of the survey, as were 20.1 percent of clinical officers and medical licentiates, 13.8 percent of midwives and nurses, and 14.1 percent of other clinical staff. This pa ern is typical and has been found in many other countries in Sub-Saharan Africa. Interestingly, females are more absent than males. The 2006 HFC data also shows higher absenteeism among female health workers than among males (figure 5.3). For nurses, the difference is particularly acute: absenteeism among female nurses is almost double that of male nurses (Herbst and Gijsbrechts 2007). It would be reasonable to speculate that this may reflect the additional caring roles that female nurses have. Absenteeism is highest in health facilities owned by the government (figure 5.4). The highest average absenteeism among health workers, 25.6 percent, was found in facilities owned by the MoH, followed by those owned by NGOs (19.8 percent), and finally by Figure 5.4. Absenteeism, by facility owner 60 50

Percent

40

Doctors

Clinical officers

Nurses

All health workers

30 45.24

51.12

20 10

17.70

25.99 25.94

24.42

20.55

19.79

12.40 4.00

0 –10

–2.12

Government/ Ministry of Health

Faith-based institution

2.04

16.41

22.86 22.59

0.00

Other nonprofit organization

Source: Herbst and Gijsbrechts 2007. Note: A “-” indicates that more health workers were counted than were on the duty list.

Total

The Human Resources for Health Crisis in Zambia  

Despite reporting some health gains since the 1990s, health outcomes remain poor in Zambia and it will be very challenging to achieve the he...

The Human Resources for Health Crisis in Zambia  

Despite reporting some health gains since the 1990s, health outcomes remain poor in Zambia and it will be very challenging to achieve the he...