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3.11

Urbanization Urban population

millions 1990 2009

Romania Russian Federation Rwanda Saudi Arabia Senegal Serbia Sierra Leone Singapore Slovak Republic Slovenia Somalia South Africa Spain Sri Lanka Sudan Swaziland Sweden Switzerland Syrian Arab Republic Tajikistan Tanzania Thailand Timor-Leste Togo Trinidad and Tobago Tunisia Turkey Turkmenistan Uganda Ukraine United Arab Emirates United Kingdom United States Uruguay Uzbekistan Venezuela, RB Vietnam West Bank and Gaza Yemen, Rep. Zambia Zimbabwe World Low income Middle income Lower middle income Upper middle income Low & middle income East Asia & Pacific Europe & Central Asia Latin America & Carib. Middle East & N. Africa South Asia Sub-Saharan Africa High income Euro area

168

12 109 0 12 3 4 1 3 3 1 2 18 29 3 7 0 7 5 6 2 5 17 0 1 0 5 33 2 2 35 1 51 188 3 8 17 13 1 3 3 3 2,257 s 121 1,437 883 554 1,558 461 246 308 117 281 145 699 213

12 103 2 21 5 4 2 5 3 1 3 30 36 3 19 0 8 6 12 2 11 23 0 3 0 7 52 3 4 31 4 56 252 3 10 27 25 3 7 5 5 3,398 s 243 2,309 1,559 750 2,552 875 258 452 191 467 310 845 241

2011 World Development Indicators

% of total population 1990 2009

53 73 5 77 39 50 33 100 57 50 30 52 75 17 27 23 83 73 49 32 19 29 21 30 9 58 59 45 11 67 79 89 75 89 40 84 20 68 21 39 29 43 w 22 38 30 68 36 29 63 71 52 25 28 73 71

54 73 19 82 43 52 38 100 57 48 37 61 77 15 44 25 85 74 55 26 26 34 28 43 14 67 69 49 13 68 78 90 82 92 37 94 28 72 31 36 38 50 w 29 48 41 75 45 45 64 79 58 30 37 77 73

average annual % growth 1990–2009

-0.3 -0.3 8.3 2.7 3.1 0.0 2.5 2.6 0.1 -0.1 2.9 2.6 1.0 0.2 5.0 2.2 0.5 0.8 3.2 0.5 4.5 1.7 3.8 4.6 3.0 2.1 2.3 2.2 4.1 -0.5 4.7 0.5 1.5 0.6 1.1 2.5 3.2 4.1 5.5 2.0 2.3 2.2 w 3.7 2.5 3.0 1.6 2.6 3.4 0.2 2.0 2.6 2.7 4.0 1.0 0.6

Population in urban agglomerations of more than 1 million

Population in largest city

% of total population

% of urban population

1990

9 17 .. 34 19 15 .. 99 .. .. 16 28 22 .. 9 .. 12 15 30 .. 5 10 .. 16 .. .. 23 .. 4 12 25 26 42 50 10 34 9 .. 5 10 10 17 w 8 14 11 25 13 .. 16 32 20 10 11 .. 18

2009

9 18 .. 41 22 15 .. 95 .. .. 15 34 23 .. 12 .. 14 15 32 .. 7 10 .. 24 .. .. 28 .. 5 14 33 26 45 49 8 32 12 .. 9 11 13 20 w 11 18 15 29 17 .. 18 35 20 13 14 .. 18

1990

17 8 57 19 48 30 39 99 .. 27 53 10 15 21 33 22 15 20 25 35 27 35 79 52 44 14 20 25 38 7 32 15 9 56 26 17 25 .. 25 24 35 17 w 33 14 11 19 16 9 14 24 26 9 27 20 16

2009

17 10 49 23 52 29 40 95 .. 26 40 12 16 22 27 25 16 20 26 38 28 30 53 56 32 11 20 25 36 9 42 15 8 53 22 11 24 .. 30 31 34 16 w 32 13 11 19 15 7 16 22 22 12 26 19 16

Access to improved sanitation facilities

% of urban population 1990 2008

88 93 35 100 62 .. .. 99 100 100 .. 80 100 85 63 .. 100 100 94 93 27 93 .. 25 93 95 96 99 35 97 98 100 100 95 95 89 61 .. 64 62 58 77 w 39 69 58 87 67 54 94 81 90 53 43 100 100

88 93 50 100 69 96 24 100 100 100 52 84 100 88 55 61 100 100 96 95 32 95 76 24 92 96 97 99 38 97 98 100 100 100 100 .. 94 91 94 59 56 76 w 44 71 63 90 69 64 94 86 92 57 43 100 100

% of rural population 1990 2008

52 70 22 .. 22 .. .. .. 100 100 .. 58 100 67 23 .. 100 100 72 .. 23 74 .. 8 93 44 66 97 40 91 95 100 99 83 76 45 29 .. 6 36 37 35 w 19 31 28 58 29 37 75 38 57 11 21 99 99

54 70 55 .. 38 88 6 .. 99 100 6 65 100 92 18 53 100 100 95 94 21 96 40 3 92 64 75 97 49 90 95 100 99 99 100 .. 67 84 33 43 37 45 w 32 43 41 67 41 54 80 54 76 27 24 98 100

World Development Indicators 2011 Part 1 of 2  

Looking for accurate, up-to-date data on development issues? 'World Development Indicators' is the World Bank's premier annual compilation o...