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table of contents front

2. people

Preface v Acknowledgments vii Partners xii Users guide xxii

1. world view Introduction 1

Tables Size of the economy 10 Millennium Development Goals: eradicating poverty and saving lives 14 Millennium Development Goals: protecting our common 1.3 environment 18 Millennium Development Goals: overcoming obstacles 22 1.4 Women in development 24 1.5 Key indicators for other economies 28 1.6

1.1 1.2

1a 1b 1c 1d 1e 1f 1g 1h 1i 1j 1k 1l 1.2a 1.3a 1.4a

Text figures, tables, and boxes Use of World Bank data has risen with the launch of the Open Data Initiative Terms of use for World Bank data Access to information at the World Bank Progress toward eradicating poverty Progress toward universal primary education completion Progress toward gender parity Progress toward reducing child mortality Progress toward improving maternal health HIV incidence is remaining stable or decreasing in many developing countries, but many lack data Progress on access to an improved water source Progress on access to improved sanitation Official development assistance provided by Development Assistance Committee members Location of indicators for Millennium Development Goals 1–4 Location of indicators for Millennium Development Goals 5–7 Location of indicators for Millennium Development Goal 8

1 2 3 4 4 4 5 5 5 6 6 7 17 21 23

Tables Population dynamics 36 Labor force structure 40 Employment by economic activity 44 Decent work and productive employment 48 Unemployment 52 Children at work 56 Poverty rates at national poverty lines 60 Poverty rates at international poverty lines 63 Distribution of income or consumption 68 Assessing vulnerability and security 72 Education inputs 76 Participation in education 80 Education efficiency 84 Education completion and outcomes 88 Education gaps by income and gender 92 Health systems 94 Health information 98 Disease prevention coverage and quality 102 Reproductive health 106 Nutrition 110 Health risk factors and future challenges 114 Mortality 118

2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 2.7 2.8 2.9 2.10 2.11 2.12 2.13 2.14 2.15 2.16 2.17 2.18 2.19 2.20 2.21 2.22

2a 2b 2c 2d 2e 2f 2g 2h 2i 2.6a 2.8a 2.8b 2.8c 2.13a 2.17a

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2011 World Development Indicators

Introduction 31

Text figures, tables, and boxes Maternal mortality ratios have declined in all developing country regions since 1990 31 Maternal mortality ratios have declined fastest among low- and lower middle-income countries but remain high 31 The births of many children in Asia and Africa go unregistered 32 In Nigeria, children’s births are more likely to be unregistered in rural areas . . . 33 . . . in poor households . . . 33 . . . and where the mother has a lower education level 33 Most people live in countries with low-quality cause of death statistics34 More countries used surveys for mortality statistics, but civil registration did not expand 34 Estimates of infant mortality in the Philippines differ by source 35 The largest sector for child labor remains agriculture, and the majority of children work as unpaid family members 59 While the number of people living on less than $1.25 a day has fallen, the number living on $1.25–$2.00 a day has increased 65 Poverty rates have begun to fall 65 Regional poverty estimates 66 There are more overage children among the poor in primary school in Zambia 87 South Asia has the highest number of unregistered births 101

World Development Indicators 2011 Part 1 of 2  

Looking for accurate, up-to-date data on development issues? 'World Development Indicators' is the World Bank's premier annual compilation o...

World Development Indicators 2011 Part 1 of 2  

Looking for accurate, up-to-date data on development issues? 'World Development Indicators' is the World Bank's premier annual compilation o...