Page 118

98

Index

O Ojala, L., 42, 60 Oostendorp, R., 50 overheads, 62, 63–67, 66t, 70n5

P Pakistan, 16 Paraguay, 22n1 policy recommendations, 9–11, 71–79 clearance systems, improving, 74, 75b corridor facilitation program, 77 customs reform, 11, 74–76 future research, need for, 78 infrastructure development, 77 IT investment, 77–78 supply chain enhancements, 9, 10–11 supply chain transit framework, use of, 9–11, 71–79 trade facilitation measures, 9–10, 10t transport services reform, 76–77

Q quantitative supply chain transit model, 35–37, 83–88

R Raballand, G., 21 Radelet, S., 2 railways border crossing bans, 20–21 time valuation, rail versus road, 89–90, 90f regulations, trucking operations impacted by, 19–21, 20t, 22 rent-seeking activities, 62–67, 63f, 66t, 68b road versus rail, 89–90, 90f. See also trucking costs Rwanda delays and unreliability in, 47 mandatory procedural costs, 64 quantitative supply chain transit model applied to, 37–39, 38f, 39t, 40f, 40t small market size, 60

S Sachs, J. D., 2 scale economies, importance of, 69–70n3 Senegal, 70n3 sequencing of transit logistics, 82t

service delivery approach to logistics costs, 6–7, 7f small market size, consequences of, 59–62, 61t South Africa, 31, 49–50 South Asia. See also specific countries small market size, 60 supply chain transit inefficiencies in, 30–31, 31t Spoornet, 50 SSATP (Sub-Saharan Africa Transport Policy Program), 4, 70n8 Stone, J. I., 2 Sub-Saharan Africa barge and ferry transport in, 22n1 clearance systems in central Africa, improving, 75b delays and unreliability in, 44, 50 lead time, unpredictability of, 45–47, 46f, 46t number of landlocked economies in, xiii quantitative supply chain transit model applied to northern corridor, East Africa, 37–39, 38f, 39t, 40f, 40t supply chain transit inefficiencies in, 30–31, 31t truck operating costs in, 18 Sub-Saharan Africa Transport Policy Program (SSATP), 4, 70n8 Sudan, quantitative supply chain transit model applied to, 37–39, 38f, 39t, 40f, 40t sugar trade, 50 supply chain enhancements, 9, 10–11 supply chain transit framework, 9, 25–40 additional clearance processes for LLDCs, 31 administrative and overhead costs, 85 advantages of, 71–73 as conceptual system, 27–30, 28f, 32–33 contribution of supply chain links to cost factors, 33, 34t empirical application to northern corridor, East Africa, 37–39, 38f, 39t, 40f, 40t fragmentation of, 32b freight transportation costs, 84–85 hedging and inventory costs, 37, 37t, 85–86 inefficiencies in real world, 30–32, 31t, 32b limitations of, 72–73

The Cost of Being Landlocked  

This book proposes a new analytical framework to interpret and model the constraints faced by logistics chains in landlocked countries. The...

The Cost of Being Landlocked  

This book proposes a new analytical framework to interpret and model the constraints faced by logistics chains in landlocked countries. The...