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Figure 3.4 Global Correlation between Percent of Seats in Parliament Held by Women and Quality of Maternity Leave Provision, East Asian and Pacific Countries Highlighted a. General correlation 100

EIU maternity leave scorea

Vietnam

New Zealand

80

60 Japan Lao PDR

Thailand

Korea, Rep. of Philippines

40

20

Solomon Islands Kiribati

Papua New Guinea

Malaysia

Cambodia

Singapore China

Indonesia Fiji

Australia

0 0

20 40 % of seats held by women

60

b. Controlling for GDP per capita

EIU maternity leave scorea

100

Vietnam

50 New Zealand

Lao PDR Thailand

Philippines

Japan

0

Cambodia

Kiribati Solomon Islands

Papua New Guinea

Indonesia

Malaysia

–50

China Singapore Australia

–20

0 20 % of seats held by women

40

Sources: World Bank Gender Stats, latest available data 2002–08; EIU, forthcoming. Note: GDP = gross national product. coef = 77581411, se = .20273326, t = 3.83. a. For definition of ElU maternity leave score and how it is calculated, see note to figure 2.15.

government takes the entrepreneurs’ concerns into account when making policy. Singapore’s Action Community for Entrepreneurship (ACE) is a public-private collaboration currently led by the minister in charge of entrepreneurship. One of ACE’s main objectives is to improve the regulatory environment for businesses by promoting discussion and encouraging feedback from entrepreneurs (World Bank 2010).

Economic Opportunities for Women in the East Asia and Pacific Region  

The East Asia and Pacific region has made great progress, relative to other regions, with regard to both economic development and, specifica...