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Figure 2.13 Global Correlation of Attitudes toward Female Work and Femaleto-Male Earnings Ratio, Selected East Asian and Pacific Economies Highlighted a. General correlation

ratio of female-to-male earned income estimated, %

100

80

Hong Kong, China New Zealand Australia

Vietnam China

Thailand

60

Japan

40

Philippines

Singapore Korea, Rep. of Indonesia Malaysia

20 0

40 60 80 100 20 % agreeing men should get preference when jobs are scarce b. Controlling for GDP per capitaa

ratio of female-to-male earned income estimated, %

40

20

Vietnam Australia Hong Kong, China New Zealand Thailand Philippines

0 Singapore Indonesia Japan Malaysia

–20

–40 –50

0

50

% agreeing men should get preference when jobs are scarce Sources: World Values Survey, latest available data, 1981–2008, http://www.worldvaluessurvey.org/; United Nations Development Programme Gender and Development Index, 2008. Note: X-axis displays percentage of respondents in each country who agreed with the following statement: “When jobs are scarce, men should have more right to a job than women.” a. GDP = gross national product. coef = –.56285283, se = .07261313, t = –7.75.

much more research is needed on the relationship between attitudes and economic outcomes for women versus men. Finally, women’s lower business skills may also result from their concentration in the informal sector. Although a large proportion of women in East Asian and Pacific countries are economically “active,” a disproportionate

Economic Opportunities for Women in the East Asia and Pacific Region  

The East Asia and Pacific region has made great progress, relative to other regions, with regard to both economic development and, specifica...