Page 264

242

Natural Hazards, UnNatural Disasters: The Economics of Effective Prevention

damages (continued) assessments of, 12–13, 42–43, 57–63, 203–4nn23–26, 204–5nn28–31 from climate change-induced extreme events, 180–81 from cyclones, 3, 20, 34, 174–77, 234nn8–10 increases in, 177, 234n10 location and intracountry variations of damages from, 179–81 data on, 10–11 from earthquakes, 27–28, 30, 150b5.2 Mexico, 152–53 Turkey, 64 increase in, 27, 29f1.5, 199n4 measures of, 12, 68–69, 204–5n29 middle-income countries, 31Map1.2, 32 to property, 10–11 and recurrent storms, 178 rich countries versus poor countries, 27–28, 30f1.6, 199n5 data, 62, 85–86, 173 analyzing risks, early warnings, and responses to hazards, 124–25 collection of, 3–4 global natural hazard databases, 26b1.3 and Global Telecommunications System, 121–24, 220n13, 220n15 and hurricane insurance premia, 146–48 meteorological, 120–24, 220nn 12–13, 220n15 patterns for disasters, 10–11, 12Map2 and post-disaster aid, 62 on remittances, 154–58, 155 terminology, 25b1.2 upstream water levels, 38 deaths, 23, 32, 199n2 1970–2010, 26–27 in Africa, 31, 134, 138, 167 and aid flows, 161–65 in Americas, 31 in Asia, 31 in Bangladesh from cyclones, 34, 37 from floods and storms, 35, 36f1 from cyclones, 2, 34, 37, 125 definition, 25b1.2

from droughts, 10, 29f1.4, 225n2 Africa, 134 Ethiopia, 138 and early warning systems, 118 from earthquakes, 8–9, 29f1.4, 64 Italy, 87–88b3.3 Mexico, 152–53 Pakistan, 92–93 Somalia, 167 Turkey, 64 in Ethiopia, 138 from famines, 46, 202n8 Ethiopia, 135, 136–37, 225n7 from floods, 35, 36f1 from heat waves, 118, 174, 219n8 from hurricanes, 99, 100Map1, 102, 218n1 link to income and political decisions, 115–16 in Italy, 87–88b3.3 in Kenya, 167 and location of disasters, 27, 28, 199n3 in Mexico, 152–53 from natural hazards, 10, 11Map1 in Pakistan, 92–93 in Somalia, 167 from storms, 35, 36f1 in Turkey, 64 tornados, 124 from tsunami, 165, 167 debt defaults, Mexico, 153 decision making, 128 framework for concerning catastrophes, 183–84 and hazard prevention, 3–10 improvement of through institutions and political competition, 115–16, 219n5 deforestation, Haiti, 101–2, 218nn3–5 democracies, and disaster responses, 116 density of development, 81, 84, 213n8 detecting hazards, 119–21, 220n11 Dimbleby, Jonathan, 225n7 disaster management organizations, 106 disaster risks changes to, 169–70 definition, 25b1.2 management of, 150–51, 227n4 mitigation of, 66 perceptions of, 69–70, 72, 75, 113 see also prevention measures disasters and conflicts, 13, 48–52, 202–3nn10–15 definition, 25b1.2 economic aspects, 52–54

Profile for World Bank Group Publications

Natural Hazards, UnNatural Disasters: The Economics of Effective Prevention  

Earthquakes, droughts, floods, and storms are natural hazards, but unnatural disasters are the deaths and damages that result from human act...

Natural Hazards, UnNatural Disasters: The Economics of Effective Prevention  

Earthquakes, droughts, floods, and storms are natural hazards, but unnatural disasters are the deaths and damages that result from human act...

Advertisement