Page 41

PUBLIC EXPENDITURES IN GEORGIA | STRATEGIC ISSUES AND REFORM AGENDA

Table 2.7: Per Capita Finance Coefficients GEL Number of Students 1-169

Voucher

Grades 1-8

Grades 9-12

Base Funding

Number of Schools 2011/12

Number of Students 2011/12

405

486

47,000

75

13,462

395

474

43,000

Calculated per National Curriculum

170-190 191-205

400

206-225 226-530

480

390

531-735

736-1269

462

380

1270<

450

300

Source: MES, USAID.

14,068

57

12,297

39,000

401

138,647

25,000

133

122,185

229

51,371

102

10,000

300

98,170

71

32,000

456

375

Private schools

45,000

468

385

1211

63,728

33

0

54,969

Specificities of Preschool Education Expenditures Parental contribution towards pre-school education was abolished in September 2013 and this is likely to increase public spending. Until 2013, the preschool educational institutions were co-financed to the extent of 30 percent by parental contributions collected directly by service providers. Vulnerable groups of population were however exempt from paying these contributions. In September 2013, the parliament abolished parental fees in all public kindergartens which significantly increased the enrolment rate from 46 percent in 2012 to 66 percent in 201321. While this was a welcome development. In September 2013, the parliament abolished parental fees in all public kindergartens which significantly increased the enrolment rate from 46 percent in 2012 to 66 percent in 201322. The government could possibly use the underutilized general education facilities in some regions that are often vacant.

In the absence of a supervisory body, the cost per student, teacher salaries, and teacher qualifications vary widely across preschools in different municipalities. The per student cost was GEL 305 in Shida Kartli and GEL 1337 in Adjara in 2012, while the country average was GEL 698. In addition, each region has different number of vacancies, student-teacher ratios (STRs) and compensation schemes (Table 2.8). Compensation of teaching and non-teaching also varies significantly. For instance, the salaries of directors in urban preschool institutions range from GEL 150 to GEL 700 (excluding Tbilisi). For teachers the range is between GEL 70 and GEL 320. In addition, some regions successfully manage to recruit teachers with a teaching background and experience, while othersâ&#x20AC;&#x201D; particularly in rural areasâ&#x20AC;&#x201D;face a shortage of skilled professionals. Table 2.8: Preschool Indicators by Region, 2012

Tbilisi

Adjara Guria

Imereti

Kakheti

Mtskheta Racha

Samegrelo Samtskhe

Kvemo Kartli Shida Kartli Total

Children

43,084 6,667

2,541

Vacancies (Per 100 Spots)

Teachers

8.8

430

4.3 4.8

15,696

-2.7

654

-11.8

6,894

23.8

9,300

2,522

8,307

2,213

5,149

103,027

-9.8

3.6

10.3

1,571

10.0

1,368

142

4.6

112

1,271

1,205 395

1,088

25.3

580

5.1

Non-Teaching Staff

4,200

1.2

10.9

STR

263

668

11,813

5.2

5.9

7.7

6.4

7.6 8.4

10.3 8.9 8.7

2,197 466 441

962 309

569 166

449 502

7,541

Total Cost

31,550,000

Unit Cost

732

8,914,660

1,337

4,530,870

487

2,561,975

9,691,609

1,781,300

1,008 617

706

659,461

1,008

4,479,376

650

4,692,454 1,448,833

1,571,997

71,882,535

565 655

305

698

Source: MES. Note: Figures may vary slightly from those provided by the MOF. Vacancies are the number of places minus the number of children attending preschool divided by the number of places.

21. Law on city of Tbilisi and law on self-governance were amended to reflect this change 22. Law on city of Tbilisi and law on self-governance.

29

Profile for World Bank in Europe & Central Asia

Public Expenditures in Georgia: Strategic Issues and Reform Agenda  

Volume 1: Main Report. To keep Georgia’s government finances on a sustainable path along with sustainable growth and job creation, this publ...

Public Expenditures in Georgia: Strategic Issues and Reform Agenda  

Volume 1: Main Report. To keep Georgia’s government finances on a sustainable path along with sustainable growth and job creation, this publ...