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500 kV / 230 kV / 138 kV / 115 kV

Generators

Transmission Lines

13.8 kV

230 V

69 kV / 34.5 kV

Distribution Substation Transformers & Equipment

High Voltage Customers

Distribution Lines & Transformers

Low Voltage Customers


ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING ROAD MAP
 TOWARDS GLOBAL COMPETITIVENESS


PROFESSIONAL REGULATORY BOARD OF ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING


ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING ROAD MAP
 TOWARDS GLOBAL COMPETITIVENESS

RATIONALE FOR GLOBAL COMPETITIVENESS: FREE AND OPEN TRADE AND INVESTMENT •ASEAN ECONOMIC COMMUNITY (AEC) BY 2015 •IMPLEMENTATION OF ASEAN CHARTERED PROFESSIONAL ENGINEER (ACPE) REGISTRY •ASIA-PACIFIC ECONOMIC COOPERATION (APEC) MEMBER COUNTRIES BY 2020

PROFESSIONAL REGULATORY BOARD OF ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING


MODES OF SUPPLY - WTO GENERAL AGREEMENTS ON TRADES IN SERVICES The “modes” constitute the means of delivering services. Modes of supply are defined on the basis of the origins of the service supplier and the consumer, and the type of territorial presence that both have when the service is delivered. There are four modes of supply: • Mode 1 - Cross-border supply: The service is delivered within the territory of the consumer, from the territory of the service supplier. When most people think of “trade” in a service, they are thinking of Mode 1. Cross-border supply entails conveyance by mail, phones, internet, satellite, etc. from one country to another. The service supplier is not present within the territory where the service is delivered. • Mode 2 - Consumption abroad: The consumer (or the consumer’s property) receives a service outside the territory of the consumer’s country, either by moving or being situated abroad. Repair services done on equipment shipped to a different country, foreign exchange students and people seeking medical treatment abroad fit into Mode 2. • Mode 3 - Commercial presence: A service supplier establishes any type of business or professional enterprise in the foreign market for the purpose of supplying a service. Practically, the mode involves granting a right for a foreign interest to establish an investment within the territory of another country. Thus, commercial presence includes establishing corporate subsidiaries, trusts, joint ventures, partnerships, sole proprietorships, associations, representative offices or branches, or acquiring such entities. • Mode 4 - Movement of natural persons: The service is delivered by one individual, acting alone or as an employee of a service supplier, being present in a foreign market to provide the service. For example, a French engineering firm that provides engineering in the United States by sending French employees to the United States is delivering its service through the “presence of natural persons.”

source: http://www.citizen.org/


ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING ROAD MAP
 TOWARDS GLOBAL COMPETITIVENESS GATS RULES ON MARKET ACCESS AND NATIONAL TREATMENT

The GATS framework agreement includes a series of binding rules that facilitate the competition of service firms from one WTO member country in another WTO member country’s service markets. These rules also place constraints on the regulatory authority of domestic policymakers at the national as well as state and local level. GATS “National Treatment” rule (Article XVII) • prohibits treating foreign firms differently than domestic firms (non-discrimination) • prohibit anything a government does that modifies the “conditions of competition” in favor of local service suppliers

source: http://www.citizen.org/

PROFESSIONAL REGULATORY BOARD OF ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING


ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING ROAD MAP
 TOWARDS GLOBAL COMPETITIVENESS The GATS “market access” rules (Article XVI) go well beyond requiring that governments treat foreign firms the same as domestic firms. Rather, these rules flatly prohibit governments from placing certain limits on, or applying certain policies to, foreign service operations in covered service sectors. Under GATS market access rules, federal, state and local governments may not: • limit the number of service suppliers, including through quotas, monopolies, economic needs tests or exclusive service supplier contracts (absolute bans on certain service sector activities, such as bans on hotel construction on protected shoreline have been interpreted as GATS-prohibited “zero quotas” by two WTO trade tribunals); • limit the total value of service transactions or assets, including by quotas or economic needs tests; • limit the total number of service operations or the total quantity of a service; • limit the total number of natural persons that may be employed in a particular service sector; • establish policies which restrict or require specific types of legal entity or joint venture through which a service supplier may provide a service; or • limit foreign ownership expressed as a maximum percentage or total value. source: http://www.citizen.org/

PROFESSIONAL REGULATORY BOARD OF ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING


ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING ROAD MAP
 TOWARDS GLOBAL COMPETITIVENESS

ASSESSMENT OF THE ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING PROFESSION

PROFESSIONAL REGULATORY BOARD OF ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING


ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING ROAD MAP
 TOWARDS GLOBAL COMPETITIVENESS 49221 50,000

PRC Registered IIEE Active Members Inactive or Dead 39610

37,500 30550

25004

25,000

24217

12,500 9060

3459 1861 1598

0 PEE

REE

RME

Electrical Engineers registered by PRC as of 2012 PROFESSIONAL REGULATORY BOARD OF ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING


ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING ROAD MAP
 TOWARDS GLOBAL COMPETITIVENESS NATURAL PERSON

PRC REGISTERED ELECTRICAL ENGINEERS (REE)

SITUATION

Only 7% of REE became Professional Electrical Engineer (PEE)

ISSUE

POSITION

ACTIONS

Most REEs experience difficulties in preparing engineering reports

Establish MentorProtégée Relationships among PEE and REE

Require or at least encourage REE to undergo apprenticeship with a PEE for a number of years

Most REEs are not accustomed to performing presentation and facing oral examination

Through APO, establish an upgrading training program intended for REE to become PEE

Require or at least encourage REE to take upgrading training program conducted by APO

PROFESSIONAL REGULATORY BOARD OF ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING


ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING ROAD MAP
 TOWARDS GLOBAL COMPETITIVENESS

From an initial membership of 500 in 1975, IIEE has grown to about 36,195 members as of May 2012 distributed as follows: 1,861 PEE, 25,004 REE, 9,060 RME, and 270 Auxiliary Members FOREIGN CHAPTERS have 4,099 Active Members PROFESSIONAL REGULATORY BOARD OF ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING


ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING ROAD MAP
 TOWARDS GLOBAL COMPETITIVENESS APO Accredited Professional Organization

Institute of Integrated Electrical Engineers of the Philippines, Inc. (IIEE)

SITUATION

Only 38.9% of EEs registered by PRC are members of IIEE

ISSUE PEEs registered by PRC are also REE and some REEs are also RME

The 61.1% non-members of IIEE maybe dead, out-ofthe-country, practicing other profession, too busy, or not interested to join

POSITION Re-align membership listing of APOs like IIEE with respect to PRC Register. Reflect licenses to account real numbers of EE

Determine real statistics of nonmembers and perform analysis.

PROFESSIONAL REGULATORY BOARD OF ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING

ACTIONS Provide IIEE with updated Register of PEEs, REEs, and RMEs to reflect licenses on membership database Encourage APOs to conduct survey and include in the database the non-members with profile/ status (e.g. dead, OFW, Migrated, etc.)


ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING ROAD MAP
 TOWARDS GLOBAL COMPETITIVENESS 3,000

2947 2686

2618

2613

2,250 1953

1876

1905

1655

1569

1546

1519

1,500

1616

1611 1456

1476

1408

1101 913

750

0

22

SEP 2012

742

723 690

664

625 665

529

457

539 429

0 0

0 21

0 0

0 5

0 3

0 9

APR 2012

SEP 2011

APR 2011

SEP 2010

MAY 2010

SEP 2009

# PEE Examinees # REE Passers

# PEE Passers # RME Examinees

# REE Examinees # RME Passers

PRC Licensure Examinees and Passers for PEE, REE, & RME PROFESSIONAL REGULATORY BOARD OF ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING


ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING ROAD MAP
 TOWARDS GLOBAL COMPETITIVENESS 60.00%

58.02% 53.20%

45.00%

43.68% 38.95% 35.39%

42.13%

41.15% 40.42% 38.28% 36.33% 33.99%

35.33%

30.00%

28.26%

29.06%

15.00%

0.00% SEP 2012 APR 2012 SEP 2011 APR 2011 SEP 2010 MAY 2010 SEP 2009 REE % Passers

RME % Passers

PRC Licensure % Passers for REE, & RME PROFESSIONAL REGULATORY BOARD OF ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING


ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING ROAD MAP
 TOWARDS GLOBAL COMPETITIVENESS PRC EE Examinees

SITUATION

ISSUE

REE % Passing is highest at 58 and lowest at 28 PRC EE Licensure Examinees

POSITION

ACTIONS

Promote and Propagate Outcome Based Education (OBE)

Formulate Guidelines and Encourage HEI to implement OBE and monitor performance

Establish Continuing Professional Development (CPD) intended for Upgrading EE Practitioners to become RME

Formulate Guidelines and Encourage APOs to conduct CPD particularly for EE Practitioners who would like to take RME

Low % Passing

RME % Passing is highest at 41 and lowest at 29

PROFESSIONAL REGULATORY BOARD OF ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING


ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING ROAD MAP
 TOWARDS GLOBAL COMPETITIVENESS MARKET

DOMESTIC [URBAN]

SITUATION

Oversupply of Electrical Engineers (EEs) in Construction, Residential, Commercial and Industrial

EEs can easily adopt to International Market

ISSUE Few Opportunities for EEs due to unattractive salaries Less Manufacturing Industries and Construction Works Other countries do not recognize the PHL License

POSITION

ACTIONS

Look for Opportunities Internationally Formulate Acceptance Accreditation for all ASEAN countries Determine the Required Accreditation

PROFESSIONAL REGULATORY BOARD OF ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING


ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING ROAD MAP
 TOWARDS GLOBAL COMPETITIVENESS MARKET

SITUATION

Shortage in Academe with Masters / Doctorate Degree DOMESTIC [URBAN]

Shortage in Specialty such as Electricity Market, Power System Eng’g., SCADA, etc.

ISSUE

Few Schools offering based on CHED Educational Requirements and NOT on Future Jobs

Few qualified Engineers

POSITION

ACTIONS

Allow Engineers to teach if with PEE License or with 20 years or more experience

Change CHED Requirements

May allow Engineers to teach with International Practice

Give Special Permit

Develop an Industry tieup to establish the need

Workshop between industry, government, and academe

PROFESSIONAL REGULATORY BOARD OF ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING


ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING ROAD MAP
 TOWARDS GLOBAL COMPETITIVENESS MARKET

SITUATION

ISSUE

POSITION

ACTIONS

Shortage of Electrical Engineering Practitioners

Unattractive salaries and very few opportunities – Licensed Electrical Practitioners moving into the big cities

Assess the needs and build interest on rural works

Workshop between industry, government, and academe

PRC License is not required in hiring Electrical (Safety) Inspector

Require PRC License in hiring Electrical (Safety) Inspector

Amend CSC Guidelines in hiring Electrical (Safety) Inspector

PRC Licensed EEs are hard to find in rural areas

List PRC Licensed EEs residing in neighbouring LGUs

Through APO, establish listing of PRC Licensed EE per LGU

DOMESTIC [RURAL] Majority of LGUs do not have PRC Licensed EE hired as Electrical (Safety) Inspector

PROFESSIONAL REGULATORY BOARD OF ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING


ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING ROAD MAP
 TOWARDS GLOBAL COMPETITIVENESS MARKET

DOMESTIC [URBAN/ RURAL]

SITUATION

Registered Foreign Electrical Engineers will be competing in the Local Market by 2015 under ASEAN Economic Community (AEC)

ISSUE Local EEs are not prepared to compete with Registered Foreign EEs in the Local Market

No available information system to identify Local EEs by sector, category, and level of competency

POSITION Strengthen Global Competitiveness of Local EEs to be at par with EEs from other member countries of ASEAN / APEC who would be competing in the Local Market

APOs must Establish Internetbased Registration Information System (IRIS) for on-line real-time storing and retrieving of Local EEs by sector, category, and level of competency

PROFESSIONAL REGULATORY BOARD OF ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING

ACTIONS Conduct Continuing Professional Education (CPE) nationwide through Accredited Professional Organization like IIEE Implement STP per RA7920 Article III, Section 14 (a)(v) – One Registered Filipino EE understudy for each Foreign EE contracted as well as Article IV, Section 38 – Foreign Reciprocity Implement MRA ASEAN Chartered Prof. Engr. Registry Implement RA7920 Article III, Section 14(a) … pertinent professional society certifies that no qualified professional is available …


ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING ROAD MAP
 TOWARDS GLOBAL COMPETITIVENESS MARKET

DOMESTIC [URBAN/ RURAL]

SITUATION

Foreign Electrical Engineers will be competing in the Local Market by 2015 under AEC (ASEAN Economic Community)

ISSUE

POSITION

Local EEs are not aware that Foreign EEs will compete in the Local Market by 2015

APOs must create advocacy group that will perform IEC Campaign to their members and participate in the drafting of MRA with ASEAN member state

Local Colonial Mentality

Nationwide Propagation of IIEE CORE VALUES [Integrity, Innovation, Empowerment, Excellence] with high sense of dignity as Filipino Electrical Professionals

PROFESSIONAL REGULATORY BOARD OF ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING

ACTIONS Conduct nationwide IEC Campaign through IIEE to inform, educate, and communicate with Local EEs re AEC

Conduct Consultative Meetings and Focused Group Discussions for the drafting of MRA with other ASEAN member states Implement Philippine Constitution 1987, Article XII, Section 12 – Promote Preferential Use of Filipino Labor (like the Local EEs)


ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING ROAD MAP
 TOWARDS GLOBAL COMPETITIVENESS MARKET

INTERNATIONAL [ASEAN/Middle East]

SITUATION

The EEs in Singapore, other ASEAN countries and Middle East are being accepted as equivalent to their engineers

ISSUE There is no record of other countries with accreditation and acceptance same as Singapore, Malaysia, Brunei, Middle East For other ASEAN Countries, there is a need to determine the requirements for accreditation and acceptance

POSITION

Determine the requirements for accreditation and acceptance

Determine the requirements for Accreditation and Acceptance

PROFESSIONAL REGULATORY BOARD OF ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING

ACTIONS Formulate Accreditation and Acceptance for other countries Implement MRA on ASEAN Chartered Prof. Engineer

Formulate Acceptance Accreditation for all ASEAN countries Implement MRA on ASEAN Chartered Prof. Engineer


ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING ROAD MAP
 TOWARDS GLOBAL COMPETITIVENESS MARKET

INTERNATIONAL [EU / USA]

SITUATION

ISSUE

The EU/USA do not accept the EEs to practice in their country

For EU/USA and other countries, there is a need to determine the requirements for acceptance

POSITION

ACTIONS

Determine the requirements for Accreditation and Acceptance

Formulate the Accreditation and Acceptance for EU/USA Comply with APEC Engineer Registry Requirements

PROFESSIONAL REGULATORY BOARD OF ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING


ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING ROAD MAP
 TOWARDS GLOBAL COMPETITIVENESS MARKET

INTERNATIONAL [ASEAN / APEC]

SITUATION

WTO Implementation of GATS Mode 4 – Presence / Mobility of Natural Person in the ASEAN / APEC Region

ISSUE

POSITION

Presence / Mobility of Filipino EEs in the ASEAN / APEC Region

Increase the number of Filipino EEs listed in the ACPE Registry

Identification of qualified Filipino EEs, specifically on GATS Mode 4

Involve APOs like IIEE in identifying qualified Filipino EEs for listing in the ACPE Registry

PROFESSIONAL REGULATORY BOARD OF ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING

ACTIONS Conduct Nationwide Seminar Orientation for prospective ACPE Members Conduct Survey, FGD, Consultation, SeminarWorkshop through APOs to facilitate listing of Filipino EEs in the ACPE Registry Through the APOs like IIEE, perform identification of qualified Filipino EEs for listing in the ACPE Registry


ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING ROAD MAP
 TOWARDS GLOBAL COMPETITIVENESS MARKET

SITUATION

ISSUE Majority of Filipino EEs are not aware of GATS Mode 4

INTERNATIONAL [ASEAN / APEC]

WTO Implementation of GATS Mode 4 – Presence / Mobility of Natural Person in the ASEAN / APEC Region Foreign Discriminatory Measures

POSITION Massive IEC Campaign to the members of APOs like IIEE on GATS Mode 4 and the ACPE Registry

To soften Discriminatory Measures, gather Filipino EEs who are internationally known with high profile & credibility as identified and selected by its APO

PROFESSIONAL REGULATORY BOARD OF ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING

ACTIONS Conduct nationwide IEC Campaign through IIEE to inform, educate, and communicate with chapter members in the region Conduct Consultative Meetings and Focused Group Discussions on concerns about the GATS Mode 4 and the ACPE Registry Facilitate creation of APO Recognized Consulting Groups composed of high profile, credible, and internationally known Filipino EEs


ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING ROAD MAP
 TOWARDS GLOBAL COMPETITIVENESS NEXT STEPS: Conduct Research to determine the electrical practitioners’ locations/ affiliations, locally and internationally, including, but not limited to, expertise area IIEE to conduct nation-wide campaign for the on-line membership information updating via Internet-based Registration Information System (IRIS) to complement the research

Conduct Survey, FGD, Consultation, Seminar-Workshop through APOs to facilitate listing of Filipino EEs in the ACPE Registry

Work closely with CHED to consider years of industry experience in the teaching qualifications of electrical engineers

Prepare the local electrical engineers to become globally competitive for the full implementation of the ASEAN Chartered Professional Engineer Registry and APEC Engineer Registry PROFESSIONAL REGULATORY BOARD OF ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING


ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING ROAD MAP
 TOWARDS GLOBAL COMPETITIVENESS Contributes to the Development of APEC Lead an International EE Organization Participate in ASEAN / APEC Regional Activities Be ASEAN / APEC Consulting Group Member

OUTCOME

Be ASEAN / APEC EE Organization Member Be Masters / Doctorate Degree holder Be PRC Licensed Prof Elect Engineer Be Registered as ACPE

OUTPUT

Attend Seminar-Workshop Listed as Qualified EE Attend IEC Campaign

INPUT LOCALLY COMPETENT EE • PRC Licensed PEE • Active IIEE Member • Certificate of Good Standing (COGS) • Minimum 7 years work experience as Licensed EE • Earned Minimum CPE Credit Units

GLOBALLY COMPETENT EE • PRC Licensed Professional Electrical Engineer • ACPE Registered • Member of International EE Organization in ASEAN / APEC Region • Member of a high profile, credible Consulting Group with International recognition • Masters / Doctorate Degree holder • With relevant and sufficient credit units in Continuing Professional Education

GLOBALLY COMPETITIVE •Mobile in ASEAN / APEC Region •Leading in International Organization with very significant contribution in engineering & consulting •Presence is felt with in the ASEAN Economic Community

Significant number of PRC Licensed PEEs in the ACPE Register by 2015 ready for AEC

Significant number of globally recognized highly competitive Filipino APEC Engineers by 2020 whose presence is felt and contributing to the development of ASIA-PACIFIC ECONOMIC COOPERATION

PREPARING LOCAL ELECTRICAL ENGINEERS TO BECOME GLOBALLY COMPETITIVE PROFESSIONAL REGULATORY BOARD OF ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING


PROFESSIONAL REGULATORY BOARD OF ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING


EE ROAD MAP