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Answers to Progress Checks CHAPTER 1: INTRODUCTION TO NUTRITION

19. National Cancer Institute

Activity 1: Dietary Allowances, Eating Guides, and Food Selection Systems

20. Upper Limit 21. a

1. A unit of energy, commonly used to indicate release of energy from food.

22. b

2. State of complete physical, mental, and social well-being, not just absence of disease.

24. f

3. A chemical substance obtained from food and needed by the body for growth, maintenance, or repair. 4. Receiving and utilizing essential nutrients to maintain health and well-being. 5. A diet that supplies sufficient energy and essential nutrients in adequate amounts for health at any stage of life. 6. Guidelines to promote healthy eating habits (Dietary Guidelines for Americans). 7. Levels of nutrients recommended for daily consumption for healthy individuals according to age and gender. 8. Maximum intake by an individual that is not likely to have adverse effects in a specified group.

23. e

25. The Food Guide Pyramid is a visual representation of nutritional guidelines. 26. Coronary heart disease, strokes, hypertension, atherosclerosis, obesity, diabetes, and some cancers. 27. CHD, hypertension, obesity, and diabetes 28. The dietary guidelines designate recommended changes in lifestyle to promote good health, including weight management, physical activity, food safety, use of alcohol, and so on, whereas the pyramid concentrates on specific foods that meet the dietary recommendations and tips on how to implement the changes. 29. a) carbohydrate group, b) meat and meat substitutes, c) fat group.

9. A set of four reference values used for assessing and planning diets for individuals and groups.

30. Any three of the following: other carbohydrates, free foods list, combination food list, and fast food list.

10. An estimate of average requirements when evidence is not available to establish RDAs.

31. RDA, Dietary Guidelines, and Food Guide Pyramid are three major sources of information.

11. Food and Nutrition Board 12. National Research Council 13. American Dietetic Association or American Diabetes Association (common usage: “the associations�) 14. Estimated Average Requirements 15. United States Department of Agriculture 16. American Heart Association 17. National Cholesterol Education Program 18. American Institute for Cancer Research

Self-Study: Your individual answers will provide information for your personal health status.

Activity 2: Legislation and Health Promotion 1. 1 c 2. Number of servings 3. Fat, saturated fat, trans fat, cholesterol, or sodium 4. Dietary fiber, vitamin A, vitamin C, calcium, and iron 463

 
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