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WAR CHRONOLOGY April 1917: USA declares war Bolshevik Revolution pulls Russia out of war Germans try to launch a massive offensive before the U.S. can mobilize its forces


March-June 1918: Germans move towards Paris June: US Troops arrive and hold off the Germans at the Battle of Belleau Wood


Germans make a last attempt to take Paris July-August 1918: The Second Battle of the Marne Last German offensive *Defeated by USA and France


Americans push north into Belgium Battle of the Meuse-Argonne Largest US involvement: 26,277 killed 95,786 wounded American victory


BY NOVEMBER, 1918 KAISER WILHELM ABDICATES AND GERMANY SURRENDERS!!!


• The US government spent more money in 1917-1918 than in the previous 125 years total!!! • No American tanks were used. Our industry was unprepared for war. • About 10 million people died in WWI • 37.5 million total casualties


WILSON’S PEACE PLAN THE FOURTEEN POINTS Purpose: to eliminate the causes of war “We entered this war because violations of right had occurred which touched us . . . and made life impossible unless they were corrected and the world secured once and for all against their recurrence. What we demand is that the world be made fit and safe to live in.”


THE FOURTEEN POINTS 1. Open Alliances (no secrets) 2. Free navigation of the seas in peace and war 3. Free Trade 4. Reduction of Arms in all nations 5. Grant the citizens of colonies the right to determine their own government 14. League of Nations


THE COST OF WWI MONEY SPENT

LIVES LOST

U.S.A.

$22 billion

116,000

350,000

ENGLAND

$38 billion

947,000

3,200,000 (36%)

FRANCE

$26 billion

1,385,500

6,160,000 (73%)

RUSSIA

$18 billion

1,700,000

9,150,000 (76%)

ITALY

$13 billion

460,000

2,197,000 (39%)

GERMANY

$39 billion

1,806,000

7,142,000 (65%)

AUST-HUNG.

$21 billion

1,200,000

7,000,000 (90%)

8,538,315

37,500,000

TOTALS $300 billion

CASUALTIES (8%)


The Big 4 • • • •

Wilson = USA Lloyd-George = England Clemenceau = France Orlando = Italy

• Henry Cabot Lodge (Strong Reservationists) fight against the Treaty in the USA • The Treaty of Versailles never passes in the US


RESULTS OF THE WAR 1. Map of Europe re-drawn: New Boundaries 2. Communism in U.S.S.R. 3. Dynasties collapse in Russia, Germany, Austria-Hungary 4. European landscape destroyed 5. European population decreased


RESULTS OF THE WAR 6. Economic Depression 7. Anger & Hatred in Germany 8. USA becomes the most powerful nation in the world 9. US women get suffrage


WILSON’S PEACE PLAN  

WAR CHRONOLOGY April 1917: USA declares war Bolshevik Revolution pulls Russia out of war Germans try to launch a massive offensive before th...

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