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CAUSES OF THE AMERICAN CIVIL WAR


Map: Westward Expansion, 1800-1860

Westward Expansion, 1800-1860‌Manifest Destiny Through exploration, purchase, war, and treaty, the United States became a continental nation, stretching from the Atlantic to the Pacific.


Map: The Mexican War

The Mexican War This map shows the territory disputed between the United States and Mexico. After U.S. gains in northeastern Mexico and in New Mexico and California, General Winfield Scott captured Mexico City in the decisive campaign of the Copyright Š Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved. war.


Map: The Compromise of 1850

The TheCompromise Compromiseofof1850 1850 The TheCompromise Compromiseofof1850 1850admitted admittedCalifornia Californiaas asaafree freestate. state.Utah Utahand andNew New Mexico Mexicowere wereleft leftopen opentotoslavery slaveryor orfreedom freedomon onthe theprinciple principleofofpopular popular sovereignty. sovereignty. Copyright Š Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.


The Great Compromiser Calif. As a free state  Mexican Cession…popular soverignty  NO slave trade in Washington D.C.  STRICT Fugitive Slave Law 


Map: The Kansas-Nebraska Act, 1854

The TheKansas-Nebraska Kansas-NebraskaAct, Act,1854 1854 The Thevote voteon onthe theKansas-Nebraska Kansas-NebraskaAct Actin inthe theHouse HouseofofRepresentatives Representatives demonstrates demonstratesthe thesectionalization sectionalizationofofAmerican Americanpolitics politicsdue duetotothe theslavery slavery question. question.


The lil giant


KANSAS MASSACRES


SLAVERY AND THE DRED SCOTT DECISION


DRED SCOTT CASE 

ARGUED ON 3 LEVELS


QUESTIONS FOR THE COURT COULD A BLACK PERSON EVEN BE A CITIZEN ?  WAS THE MISSOURI COMPROMISE UNCONSTITUTIONAL ? 


6 JUDGES WERE PRO -SLAVE 

THOUGHT THEIR PRESTIGE COULD SOLVE THE PROBLEM ONCE AND FOR ALL .


THE DECISION 

1) MISSOURI COMPROMISE IS UNCONSTITUTIONAL

2) DRED SCOTT IS NOT FREE

3) A BLACK MAN CANNOT BE A CITIZEN OF THE U.S.

4) DRED SCOTT CANNOT BRING SUIT BEFORE THE COURT


Map: The Internal Slave Trade, 1810-1860

The TheInternal InternalSlave SlaveTrade, Trade,1810-1860 1810-1860 An Aninternal internalslave slavetrade tradedeveloped developedafter afterthe theslave slavetrade tradewith withAfrica Africaended endedinin 1808. 1808.With Withthe thegrowth growthofofcotton cottonproduction, production,farmers farmersin inthe theUpper UpperSouth South found foundititprofitable profitabletotosell selltheir theirslaves slavestotoplanters plantersininthe theLower LowerSouth. South.


Lincoln Douglas Debates


battles



Causes of the civil war