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INDIAN HISTORY

Indus Valley

civilisation The Indus Civilization is among the world’s earliest civilizations that peaked around 2500 BCE in the western part of South Asia and declined during the mid-2nd millennium BCE and was forgotten until its rediscovery in the 1920s by R.D. Banerjee. 74

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eographically, it was spread over an area of some 1,260,000 sqkm, comprising the whole of modern day Pakistan and parts of modern-day India and Afghanistan. Thus there is an Indus Valley site on the Oxus river at Shortughai in northern Afghanistan and the Indus Valley site Alamgirpur at the Hindon river is located only 28 km from Delhi. At its peak, the Indus Civilization may have had a population of well over five million. Among the Indus civilization’s mysteries are fundamental questions, WWW.WISHESH.COM | JANUARY 2017

including its means of subsistence and the causes for its sudden disappearance beginning around 1900 BCE. We do not know what language the people spoke. We do not know what they called themselves. All of these facts stand in stark contrast to what is known about its contemporaries, Mesopotamia and ancient Egypt. To date, over 1,052 cities and settlements have been found, mainly in the general region of the HakraGhaggar river and its tributaries. Among the settlements were the major urban centers of Harappa and Mohenjo-daro, as well as Lothal, Dholavira, Ganweriwala, Kalibanga,


Wishesh Magazine January 2017