INDIAN TRAVELOGUE is found in the accounts of a Chinese traveler, Huan Tsang, who visited India in 629 AD during the reign of King Harshavardhan (590– 647). He records Haridwar as ‘Mo-yu-lo’, the remains of which still exist at Mayapur, a little to the south of the modern town. Among the ruins are a fort and three temples, decorated with broken stone sculptures, he also mentions the presence of a temple, north of Moyu-lo called ‘Gangadwara’, Gateway of the Ganges.
The city was also invaded by Timur Lang (1336–1405), a Turkish invader on January 13, 1399. During his visit to Haridwar, first Sikh Guru, Guru Nanak (1469–1539) bathed at ‘Kushwan Ghat’, wherein the famous, ‘watering the crops’ episode took place. His visit is today commemorated by a gurudwara (Gurudwara Nanakwara), according to two Sikh Janamsakhis, this visit took place on the Baisakhi day in 1504 AD, he later also visited Kankhal enroute to Kotdwara in Garhwal.
Legend Legendary king Bhagirath is said to have brought the river Ganga from heaven to earth in order to provide WWW.WISHESH.COM | JANUARY 2017
salvation to his ancestors. It is also said that Haridwar has been sanctified by the presence of three Gods; Brahma, Vishnu and Mahesh. Lord Vishnu is said to have his foot print on the stone that is set in the upper wall of Har-KiParri where the Holy Ganga touches it all the times. Devout believers feel that they can go to heaven by getting salvation after a dip in the sacred Ganga at Haridwar. In the Vanaparva of the Mahabharata, where sage Dhaumya tells Yudhisthira about the tirthas of India, Gangadwar, i.e., Haridwar and Kankhal have been referred to the text also mentions that Agastya Rishi did penance here, with the help of his wife, Lopamudra (the princess of Vidharba). It is believed that after churning Milk Ocean Dhanwantari emerged with a pot of Amrit (Elixir) and Devas took the pot of Amrit. Seeing this Asuras quarreled with Devas for the pot of Amrit and there was a war between Devas and Asuras. During the war Garuda took the pot of Amrit and while flying drops of Amrit has fallen in four places in earth. They are Haridwar, Ujjain, Nasik and Allahabad. This manifested in the Kumbha Mela being celebrated every 3 years in one of the 4 places,
This sacred Ghat was constructed by King Vikramaditya (1st century BC) in memory of his brother Bhartrihari. It is believed that Bhartrihari came to Haridwar and meditated on the banks of the holy Ganges. and thus every 12 years in Haridwar. Amidst the Kumbha Mela, millions of pilgrims, devotees, and tourists congregate in Haridwar to perform ritualistic bathing on the banks of the river Ganges to wash away their sins to attain Moksha. Brahma Kund, the spot where the Amrit fell, is located at Har ki Parri (literally, “footsteps of the Lord”) and is considered to be the most sacred ghat of Haridwar.
Places to visit Chandi Devi Temple The temple of Chandi Devi