Page 1


CONTENT 01 Green +

Revive the Forgotten Green of Tainan City : A sustainable city planning and design solution for the “shrinking Tainan” 2018.07 COMPETITION | Scholarship Program for Overseas Study in Arts and Design (SPOSAD) Architecture & Landscape Design

02

Inclusive Community: Vision of Future Communities 2018.03-2018.06 GRADUATE SCHOOL WORK | URBAN DESIGN AND PLANNING PRACTICE

Inclusive

Social participants

03 Circular

Symbiosis

Hub of Circular Community Yong Kang Station area place making and urban landscape design project 2017.09-2018.01 GRADUATE SCHOOL WORK | WORKSHOP ON INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY FOR URBAN PLANNING

04

Smart Living Creative Park Planning & design for industry of future 2016.09-2017.05 UNDERGRADUATE SCHOOL WORK (Final Project) | URBAN DESIGN AND PLANNING PRACTICE 1 Issue mining & Land suitability analysis 2 Place making or making place ? 3 Development plan

Socio-economic effects Industrial Innovation

05

Fractal : Urban Sprawl Pattern Study Measuring urban sprawl on the urban fringe of Tainan using fractal dimensions 2016.03-2017.04 UNDERGRADUATE SCHOOL WORK

Complexity

Sketch


01 Revive the Forgotten Green of Tainan City: A sustainable city planning and design solution for the “shrinking Tainan”

01 01

Revive Revive the the Forgotten Forgotten Green Grenn of of Tainan Tainan City City [Inner-city of Tainan, Taiwan]

What is the Tainan inner city happening? The grown of Tainan City has begun at 17th century which is one of the earliest developed se�lement within Taiwan. The grown urban fabric has remained nowadays in the inner-city context of Tainan. However, the complicated proper�es and the organic developed form has become the limita�on of the inner-city development. Declining popula�on, employment, increasing incidents of idle and vacancy buildings and land uses, the decentralized and sprawling urban development have shown the shrinking fact of the inner city.

Popula�on declining… Idle & vacancy… Employment declining… Decentraliza�on & sprawl…

Shrinking?

In this project, the design will recall the forgo�en historic of Tainan Park by becoming a place for exhibi�ng green resources in Tainan and as a place for advocate the vital func�on of green infrastructure in the city. Also, in a larger scale to correspond to above issues of shrinking, the site will combine the R&D energy in tropical botanic of NCKU and several crea�ve ins�tu�ons nearby to build as a place for innova�ve industry in the theme of botanical resources. Landscape in the site and this project is as a medium of reconnec�ng and integra�ng the social system, environment, infrastructure and industry. As a design with mul�ple func�ons and a great posi�on with coming underground railway project, the site will become a new start point for untangling the shrinking situa�on of Tainan inner-city.

live live

RETAIL &TOURISM

play play

SPOSAD (Scholarship Program for Overseas Study in Arts and Design) Architecture & Landscape Design Workshop Design Topic : “SITE” Project type : individual project 2018.07.25 - 08.03

work

live

live

live work important historical buildings, resorts

Physical issues :

1. west-east corridor cut 2. small size of morphological elements, e.g. block and plot 3. complicated land ownership


Railway (underground project in the future) Tainan arsenal (Monument from Japanese colonial period) Tainan Park Old warehouse Tainan Sta�on

To deal with the shrinking issue, what will the site be like ? Na�onal Museum of Taiwan Literature Confucious Temple Shueipingwun Park

•Where it could sew up the west-east connec�on •Where it has enough poten�al to be an a�racter of Tainan City, which it could atrrac�ng people and industry to increase the density of the inner city, transi�ng the shrinking issue.

And, how to make Tainan a more sustainable city ? + New industrial energy for the city + Recall historic & cultural resources of the city + Advocate the importance of green infrastructure

Traditional and cultural legacy

Innovation

(Tradi�onal preserved cityscape) (Cultural natural landscape)

Park •Built in the period of Japanese ruled period as the use of an tropical experimental forest •Full of tropical botanical resources

(Research & Development)

(Test & Experiment )

▍Tainan

▍Site

of the project •About 25,900 sqm •A sec�on of the underground project. •Warehouses of the railway company are the main construc�on of the site •Nearby the NCKU and also in the middle of the three crea�ve and innovated park

Tainan Park

Tainan Park

NCKU Medical School

Tainan Arsenal (Japanese ruled period) NCKU Center of Bioscience and Biotechnology

NCKU C-Hub (Start-Up)

Stage of now

Tainan Digital Cultural & Creative Park Tainan Station

Stage of the FUTURE


Image & Masterplan Xiao Dung Rd.(width 40m)

(Kandinsky – Circles in a Circle)

•Complex, self-similar, organic... •Theme of cycle: life, nature...

Scale = 1/1000 (Original railway)


PROGRAMME | Location & potential NCKU Bioscience and Biotechnology Center

Tour of environment educa�on

•Study, research and innova�on

Daily & weekend leisure place to go

E

Research, innova�on & Start-UP

Labs &greenhouse

•Mainly for co-innova�ve for local facul�es, professional, and students

D

C

F Restaurant, Café & co-space

•Urban agricultural promo�on

Startup Center & Café & bookstore

G

A

Seasonal garden

Information Center 1. Original old warehouse of railway sta�on 2. Combine with new structure

B

Tainan Botanic Museum

1. Mainly introduce the history and the cherish plants in Tainan Park 2. Exhibit about life of botanic, including water, soil, seeds and especially the climate

Seasonal view of the site

Bishop wood Taiwan Zelkova Zuiho Machilus Camphor

Chinaberry Chinaberry Chinaberry

Chinaberry

Tabebuia Tabebuia Kapok Kapok Tree Kapok Golden Banyan Tree Banyan Tree Tabebuia Trumpet Golden Trumpet Golden TrumpetBanyan pentaphylla Hems pentaphylla Hems pentaphylla Hems

Kapok

Golden Trumpet Banyan Tree

Tabebuia pentaphylla Hems

Long-term green

Early spring

Early summer

Late summer


PROGRAMME |Location & potential

Exhibition of the growth of botanic in the theme of different climate and environment (by René Magri�e)

D Exhibition of seeds

C

E

B

A Exhibition of seeds


02 Inclusive Community: Vision of Future Communities

Inclusive Inclusive Community Community

Issues:

[Fengshan District, Kaohsiung City, Taiwan]

A

Low birth rate, labor force shortage and aging issue +4.15 million ppl

65 years old

-5.80 million ppl 15 years old -1.15 million ppl 2017

B

Declining household size and the rising proportion of one-person households Household Size

3.5 5

One-person Household

3

4

2.5

3

Inclusive community aims to provide a new urban lifestyle for the increasing percentage of one-person households and aging society. It provides flexible living units for different types of households, local shops and large propor�on of landscapes. Landscapes in the community is cross-scale from ver�cal public green space in buildings (space beau�fica�on) to community farms (edible landscapes) and grove park (urban microclimate cooling, ecology experience). With various space and condi�on, residents are able to use their skills and interests in the community and therefore have more communica�on with others and the nature. By providing mul�ple func�ons of space and advoca�ng par�cipants for community’s ac�vi�es for all ages and all kind of households, we believed it is an “inclusive” community for be�er social rela�ons.

2020

2030

2040

2020

2030 Long-term Care systems

2050

1

Elderly

Increasing caring issues

Adults

3-person household 18.4%

1-person household 32.5%

2-person household 19.9%

Propor�on of household scales of Taiwan(2017)

Children

DR: 22.5%

Elderly take care of elderly

Heavy dependency burden

Low willingness to marry

Willingness of buy house decline

Falling of property prices

Opera�on crisis of educa�on ins�tu�ons

Compulsory educa�on system collapse

Lower birth rate

25 20

15

Old Age 10 Dependency Ra�o

65 years old+ 5

15-64 years old

7-14 years old 0

0-6 years old

Projected birth rate will decline by 17%

M-shaped of children industry

Heavy burden on increasing cost of rasing a child

70 60

(%)

15

20

2050 Long-term care systems bankrupt, social security system collapse Loneliness, depression of elderly; inceasing idle of houses

household size shrinking, average ages of household increasing

OADR: 40.7%

Family

2040 Caring labor shortage and aging

(thousand people)

Issues analysis Programming Spa�al context design Building design, graphic design Land aquisi�on, regula�on analysis Finance

2006

Other

Scenarios of future society:

C

Dependency Ra�o

Division of work: Yin-Rong, Chen Yi-Ying, Lee Yan-Min, Lin Wen-Chi, Huang* Zho-Huei, Lee Shin-Chuan, Huang

1.5

1

(thousand people)

Course: Urban Planning Prac�ce (MSc level) Topic: Futue Cities in 2050 Project type: group project (6 people) Supervisor: Assoc. Prof. Han-Liang, Lin linx@mail.ncku.edu.tw 2018.03 - 06

2

2

(million ) 0

(ppl per household)

Declining birth rate and the aging popula�on has made the solo dwelling situa�on keep increasing. We believed that the exis�ng building/community types in the housing market is not suitable for solo dwellers, and might even cause more loneliness and distance between people.

2050

50 40

10

30 20

5

10 0

0

2020

2030

2040

2050


Design Concept Existing types of communities might not satisfy the future situation... Technology’s indifference Loneliness Poor interac�on

INCLUSIVE INCLUSIVE COMMUNITY COMMUNITY

For all age. Advocating social participants Do what you LIKE!

A

Relationships between residents: - residents are able to use their skills & develop interests - focus on becoming a self-sufficiency community

B

Relationships between residents and nature environment: - ceate multiple ecological landscapes for residents activities

Cooperative

.Separation of human’s living area from nature environment .A lack of places for residents’ communication .A lack of social cohesion

37% living/built area Various room composi�on for different household types Ver�cal green space (in buildings) Co-place & simple nursing facili�es

Sharing

Individual studio/local shop

Symbiotic

63% natural environment Grove park Daily exercise Holiday bazaar

Spatial Structure VERTICAL

public Semi-outdoor Private area Indoor space public space

Public space

Community farms

Why is the percentage of landscapes so large? BUILDING LEVEL

BUILDING MEDIUM SCALE LARGE SCALE

HORIZONTAL

Landscape Living space co-working space/ Live-work space Community services/ shops & store

public green space in buildings (space beau�fica�on)

MEDIUM-SCALE OF LEVEL

community farms & garden (edible landscapes)

LARGE-SCALE OF LEVEL

grove park (urban microclimate cooling, ecology experience).


13 F

Building Design - spatial configuration 1 A

Elements:

3.5*3.5 sqm as a basic unit. One basic unit provide a minimum of individuals’ private space. More living space or ac�vites will be extended base on this scale.

B

single bedroom (1.5units)

12 F

2-person bedroom (2.5units)

nuclear family bedroom (3.5units)

nuclear family bedroom (5.5units)

8F

+ cafe/bar (3.5 units) + work space + 1 unit

+ breakfast (3 units)

+ Individual studio/local shop Individual studio/local shop is allowed for residents dedica�ng to their skills & interests. It can play an important role in self-sufficient community.

B

1 unit = 3.5*3.5*3 m3

Prototype of living space

+ flower shop (3.5 units)

+ book store (4.5 units)

10 F 7F

+ kitchen + 1 unit

+ Balcony + 0.5-2 units

+ Public & co-space

li�le yard (1 unit)

roof garden (1 unit)

swing (2 units)

co-working space (15 units)

sunshine bath, dry yard (1 unit)

9F 6F

Cafe + furnitures + big screen (8 units)

As a medium of residents communica�on and create more connec�ons between individuality and social collec�vity.

2

11 F

simple nursing facility (4 units)

5F

Vertical of horizontal open/green space Public space & co-space Corridor Individual private space

4F

Co-working space (can accommodate about 60 people)

3F

Co-space (Dining, handicraft making, art class, etc.) (can accommodate about 65 people)

Rules & Process : 1 building icludes : 53 one-person households 17 two-person households 19 threee-person and above households total 89 households

Units → Household One-person household : 3-6 units Two-person household : 5.5-8 units Threee-person and above : 8.5-11.5units Studio/local shop : 1-3 units Balcony : 0.5 units Green balcony : 2-3 units

3-4F, 6-7F

Central structure (elevator) + Main public space

+

Households & Semi-open spaces

42 households with studio/local shop 67 normal balconies 36 green balconies 6 main public spce & facilities Normal balcony : 33.5 units Green alcony : 36 units About 130 residents per building

(with barrier-free ramp)

2F

Café & outdoor cinema (can accommodate about 100 people) Semi-outdoor facilities Simple nursing care facility

1F

Community faicility


Medium scale of community

Building Scale

Day care center of childrens and elderly Farm & Garden Wildlife Pond Grass & Playground

About 500 residents in the scale

Courtyard

Sharing a day care center of childrens and elderly ; Sharing farms and garden ; large area of grass and playground ; Water circular system Activities sensoring in the community built area/open space area: 4:6 Chienchen River

Pilot project of large-scale community (Feng-Shan, Kaoshiung City)

Finance & Regulatory Advice Tax (NT$ 1.32 billion)

Buy back from Taiwan Sugar Company (land owner)

Loan principal & interest (NT$ 2.23 billion)

Yu-Kuan Rd

Cost

Community Center (village scale) Gym

(NT$ 1.64 billion)

Household-selling (NT$ 7.98 billion)

Personnel (NT$ 6.26 billion)

Parking space selling (NT$ 2.65 billion)

Construc�on (NT$ 6.26 billion)

nd R n2 ngl u Zho

Ecological system Grove/Park Wildlife Pond

1

Profitability Index, PI Discounted Payback Year, DPBY

Related regula�on can be adjust in the Building Regula�on and Zoning Regula�on , to limit facili�es and more public space to be equippted in the residen�al building. NOW

FUTURE

A vo�ng system is recommended for communi�es to decide the categories of facili�es/local shops/studio that allowed in the community Public Informa�on Pla�orm of the Community :

lun 1st Zhonh

Day care center (children/elderly) Local shops

4 Open space in community

3 Community ecological system

d

x

0.83

x

x

x

Provide Building bulk ra�o bonus for communi�es that construct with community ecological system. Provide special incen�ve for green building that qulified silver level andd above.

Chienchen River

Universal design for barrier-free living space can be regulated in the Building regula�on and urban design regula�on

Local shops Simple nursingg facili�es

Categories & Rules

n 3rd R

x

2.87 %

Co-space Public Facility

3F 2F 1F

Zhonglu

Profit/Non

2 All-age housing community

Vertical uses

Natural Healing Garden

Rd

Internal Rate of Return, IRR

Value - 244.8 million

The huge percentage of landscape works in the development of community (large-scale level) reduce the revenue of household selling, and therefore make the cost recovery more difficult. (If we set the price of housing to be as same as the local market.)This finding is also prove a lack of the kind of community in the current housing market. There are some regulatory advice we can discuss about.

d

Farms & Gardens

Revenue

Evalua�on Index Net Present Value, NPV

Incentive

Silver+ Ecology

Silver+ Energy conservation & Waste reduction

EEWH for Eco-Community

Health & Comfort

Service & Function

Crime prevention

Provide floor area ra�o exemp�on for buildings with ver�cal open spaces. *Local governments o�en suffer from financial difficul�es in building parks. Providing incen�ve for communi�es (real estate developers) to build large amount of open space/ecological park can be an alterna�ve for governments to save money but achieve goals of enhancing spa�al quality.

The project had exhibited in the Taipei Main Sta�on for the 2050 Future Ci�es Projects in July, 2018. This Qrcode is a link of the video (Mandarin version) of the project.


03 Hub of Circular Community: Yong-Kang station area place making and urban landscape design project

Hub Hub of of Circular Circular Community Community

[Yong-Kang Station area, Tainan City, Taiwan] The course includes two sec�ons of training. One was the training on applying technology into planning and design, such as UAV drone and 3D Lidar. The UAV Drone was employed to survey land-use situa�on of factories and railway that wasn’t easy to access. The other part of the course had focused on hubs of Tainan.

Site: Yong-Kang District, Tainan City, Taiwan Course: Workshop on Informa�on Technology for Urban Planning (Msc level) Project type : individual project Supervisor: Assoc. Prof. Han-Liang, Lin linx@mail.ncku.edu.tw 2017.10 - 2018.01

Yong-Kang was seen as suburban area of Tainan before. Large percentage of industrial area was therefore planned in Yong-Kang. The Yong-Kang railway sta�on was mainly providing transport services for industrial goods, and has developed several branch lines that could access factories more efficient. However, as the highway system was constructed and the amount of freight transport had declined, rela�ons between factories and the sta�on has become weaker. Besides, the increasing urbaniza�on has made Yong-Kang gradually become a place for residence, as the convenient transporta�on condi�on. In sum, the transforma�on of the built area, social composi�on, and the func�on of the place was observed, thus the role that the Yong-Kang sta�on must be adjusted. The circula�on nature of life and the resources that people consumed everyday was implemented in the project as a design concept. Heavy industry here will be removed, and equipped green infrastructure and open space instead. The sta�on will combine mul�-func�ons as a hub for exchanging informa�on and commodi�es grown in the new green area. The project contains the design of brownfield redevelopment and the re-design of the sta�on.


To Southern Taiwan Science Park (Tainan Park), Asian Vegetable Research and Development Center

Location & potential Since Yong Kang sta�on area provide convenient traffic to several important employment-provided place, such as Southern Taiwan Science Park (North to Tainan park and south to Luchu park) and the Asian Vegetable Research and Development Center etc., commuters seen Yong Kang as a good choice of se�lement, and there are even more high-class residen�al development in recent years. The increasing residen�al demand invisibly brings more pressure to force factories to leave or dismantle. The con�nuous urban expansion has led Yong Kang a industrial producing place keep transforming to a more well-being commuter living place, and the railway sta�on has also been transforming from a freight traffic service provided sta�on to a sta�on mainly for commuter service.

Shin-shi

Yong-kang Da-quio

Yong Kang District

Tainan

Old Tainan City Area

Bau’An Ren-de To Southern Taiwan Science Park -Kaosing Luchu Park

Yong Kang Techinical Industry Park Old Industrial use Yong Kang Military School


Transformation & Issue N

Yong-kang District

Yong Kang railway sta�on nowadays is the second busiest sta�on in the main Tainan city area. The area around the sta�on had developed to an urbanized industrial area since Yong Kang was seen as suburb of the old Tainan City. Therefore, Yong Kang sta�on had even developed several exclusive industrial branch lines for factories next to the sta�on for more efficient freight transport service. The large and impressive industrial landscape become an characteris�c image of Yong Kang to the visitors. However, as the close down of Kaohsiung harbor line and the changing form of freight transport, the volume of freight transport through Yong Kang railway sta�on decline sharply, and even cause several branch lines unused nowadays.

INFRASTRUCTURE Green infrastructure Main drains

To Dachiao station

To Yen Hang; main Tainan city

other ditches

To main Tainan City To Shinshi station To Yong Kang Industrial Park Pu Zhi Pi Ma Yuan traditional Yong Kang villiage

NETWORK & AGGREGATION Old settlement New settlement Highway Main road Minor road Rail way Old rail way

Interfaces (North: factories - railway lines) : Loading and temporary storage area

BUILDINGS & LAND USEL Residential Industrial

Overview

Interfaces (South: railway lines - housing) : Ditches, ponds and green

Commercial Road Rail way

Interfaces


(photos credit by HUANG WEN-CHI, using UAV drone)

Yong Kang Railway Sta�on

scale/time station

past

present

mainly for freight transport

mainly for passengers transport

freight transport branch lines

Unused lines and space

industrial landscape

much more residen�al landscape

func�on of producing

func�on of living

Physical Issue

Urban Landscape

Living Environment Design Issue

Brownfield redevelopment New sta�on image design

place

suburbs

urban area


Design Concept

Master Plan

+ Industry

Hub of Circular community

SYMBIOSIS

+ Daily life

work/rest/exersice commuteleisure/meal

+ Infrastructure

blue infrastructure green infrastructure

+ Urban Landscapes K

A

J

Section 1

Blue Infrastructure Green Infrastructure

N N

Type1: natural growth Type2: man-made Type3: corridor Type4: other potential point

M

I

0

L G F

Function

B Circular system area

Circular system area

Section 2

E

Habitat recovery place

D

Imformation center

A

C B camping

community development center botanical

seeds and soil water

park

energy

edible landscape

H

10 20 30 (m)

A. The sta�on/Circular Hub B. Water purifica�on plant C. Dew puring house D. Seeds museum E. Aquaponic garden F. Aqua�c plants garden G. Seasonal garden H. Edible landscape garden restaurant I. Green house J. Camping area K. Biogas sta�on L. Community development center M. Sports and leisure facility N. Park

To remove the heavy industrial func�on from the place, and at the same �me make the place become a more well-being urban living area for the future need, the project gives a new design idea of the urban green infrastructure system which combines with the concept of a community circular system. It means, the green system will not only consider about the ecological connec�vity and the well-being path’s connec�vity, but also consider about the circula�on of a living area at all scales, from the circula�on of people’s daily rou�ne and its interac�on with the environment to the regenera�on of the place.


The main design in the project contain the center of the Yong Kang sta�on area circular system and the hub of the system. (That is factories behind the sta�on and the sta�on building.) The Circular System Center plays the role of a living supplier for people live here, including water cleaning, plants and edible landscape growing, energy exchanging etc. The form of buildings and landscape will mainly come from the original produce lines, to achieve the regenera�on philosophy. The new Yong Kang sta�on as the hub itself, it will be an important key point to exhibit the concept and the informa�on of this place; and also a point to sell product from the Circular System Center to commuters or tourists.

A

Section 1: Recovery .Using as camping area, park.

0

B Seeds & Soil museum .Reuse of old factory (pipelines and its landmark appereance)

0.75

1.5

2.25 (m)

Section 2: Botanical

.Various theme of gardens (aquaponic, aqua�c, seasonal, edible) 0

4

8

12 (m)


Design of the station NOW

The new Yong Kang sta�on as the hub itself, it will be an important key point to exhibit the concept and the informa�on of this place; and also a point to sell product from the Circular System Center to commuters or tourists.

•Used to be fun�onalism •The physical spa�al design and different func�on in the sides cut out the connec�on between both sides

FUTURE

healthy, well-being products, imforma�on

•As an informa�on center (fun�on of communica�on, educa�on) •Place where residents get daily demmand products, especially clean vegetables and food. •Make the ‘HUB’ more meaningful (not only for transport -ing commuters, but also informa�on and needs)

Floor plan Green roof

Third floor 14.5m

pedestrian and bicycle path

Circular system produc�on food, veges, plants, seeds, soil

5m Second floor 6m Ground floor

Entrance, pla�orm, info

cross and twist

•Shape of natural landscape

•Path for connec�on •For pedestrian and bikers •Green roof

•More directly path •Way to make the path longer for more healthy and well-being


South Side

North Side


04 Smart Living Creative Park: planning & design for industry of future

Smart SmartLiving LivingCreative CreativePark Park

[Yong-Kang, Tainan City, Taiwan]

Energy Food Safety Healthy Caring

Socio-economics ac�vi�es are driven forces of the spa�al layout and context. The innova�on of technology has made industrial transforma�on. The urban landscape of the spa�al implica�on has kept transforming and adap�ng to new forms to correspond to new types of industry and ac�vi�es. Meanwhile, the industry usually takes cri�cal role of the support of local economy. It means, the shi�ing or shrinkage might cause the loss of economic energy and external benefits of the local and the overall social costs on space management will increase. With this point of view, we can understand that urban industrial ac�vi�es are not only factories for making profits in the macroeconomic perspec�ve but also can be localized investors of making places. As urban designers, we aim to untangle industrial structures and find the possible trend, and design urban form for future industries and local social benefits.

Project 4-1 Issue mining & Land suitability analysis Site: Yong-Kang District, Tainan City, Taiwan Course: Methods of Urban & Regional Analysis Project type : Individual project 2016.09- 2017.01

Project 4-2 Smart Living Creative Park planning & design project Project 4-3 Smart Living Experience Store development plan Site: Yong-Kang District, Tainan City, Taiwan Course: Urban Planning and Design Prac�ce (4), (5) (BSc final project) Project type: Group project Topic: Place making or making place ? / Development plan Supervisor: Assoc. Prof. Han-Liang, Lin linx@mail.ncku.edu.tw 2016.09- 2017.05

This project contains three sub-projects. The analysis of industry will be the very beginning and the results show the agglomera�on economic poten�al of smart appliances industries of Tainan. The 4-1 project is the land suitability analysis of Tainan for the be�er loca�on. The 4-2 project is the urban design project of Smart Living Crea�ve Park. In the 4-3 project, we assume as a private sector to devise business model for a building development plan.


Project 3-1 Issue mining & Land suitability analysis

Analysis of flooding poten�al (R=200, 350, 450, 600)

Environmentally sensi�ve land

Argricultral land integrity

Industry cluster accessibility

Func�on and service accessibility

Skill and labour accessibility

Least suitable Less suitable Moderate suitable More suitable Most suitable

Traffic accessibility

Land use

Zoning

Land suitability analysis result


Project 3-2 Place making or making place

Planning and Design of

Smart Living Creative Park SOUTHERN TAIWAN SCIENCE PARK ICT、Electrical Engineering、Elrctro-optical engineering

Research & Development YONG-KANG URBAN INDUSTRIAL AREA Basic Metal Manufacturing、 Machinery and Equipment Manufacturing

Aerospcae Industry Precision Machine Industry Biotechnology & Medical Device Industry Semi-conductor optoelectronic Device Industry

Introduction

Naval Mechatronic Engineering Industry

The site of the project is chosen at the Yong-Kang Artillery School, which is planned to move away. The regulatory plan of this place has planned as industrial area for creative design industries. However, the creative industries have thrived in these years in the inner-city of Tainan. We can’t see more potential of them developing in this location, by contrast, with industry park and urban industrial districts nearby, and the strong energy of household appliance industry in Tainan, we introduce information industries into this place to bring innovation of industries.

Division of work: Wen-Chi, Huang* Bin-Shuan, Tsai Jing-Chien, Lu Jheh-Yu, Wu

Analysis / Programming Detail design Finance analysis Land acquisi�on

TAINAN TECHNOLOGY INDUSTRIAL PARK Technology Products Manufacturing

Raw Materials Processing

Production & Manufacturing

YONG-KANG TECHNOLOGY PARK Information Appliance Production

Production & Manufacturing

Integration & Innovation

AN-PING INDUSTRIAL PARK REN-DE INDUSTRIAL PARK Chemical Products Manufacturing, Machinery Manufacturing SHALUN SMART GREEN ENERGY SCIENCE CITY Smart Electric Grid Experiment

Green Energy Information Appliance Experiment

Network & Railway

Building Type (Residence &Commerce)

Building Type (Industry)


1

The Evolution of Houses

People put much more emphasis on issues of aging, food safty and energy shortage Houses to satisfiy the basic living needs

2

3

The invention of household appliances bring convinience to home life

Smart Living Components

4

IoT Home automation analyze and calculate colected user data through the Internet to provide users with more personalized feedback and servives.

Health care Energy saving

Cloud Layer • •

Home automation: controlling lighting, climate, entertainment systems, appliances, etc. by central electrical equipment.

Application service development

Data storage Data analysis

Connect to related service industry

Application Layer Network Layer

• Analyze and calculate user data • Collaborate with related service and provide service and information for user

Automatic control system

• Telecommunications service • Network control management

Perception Layer

Environmental sensing system

• Environmental sensing • Activity sensing

Household appliance & devices

Appliances &Devices • Lighting, air purifier • Wearable Technology • Appliance

Network Layer

Perception Layer

Application Layer • • •

Emergency notification and rescue • Health management Telehealth consulting service

Energy management service Energy management by electricity & water company →Promoting cross-industry alliance to provide better integrated home living service

• Telecommunications service • Network control management

• • • • •

Water & air quality monitoring Carbon monoxide monitoring Temperature & moisture monitoring Activities sensoring Sleeping quality monitoring

• •

Water & power equipment monitoring Lighting and air conditioning system monitoring

Appliances &Devices • • • •

Water and air purifier Wearable technology for body health monitoring Appliances provide food history information Surveillance system Automatic power off system

• •

Automatic power control of electrical products Smart meter

Cloud Layer

• • •

Environmental data storage User activities record & analysis Cloud medical habit tracking

Cloud energy data management analysis


Design of Smart living Industrial Park Industry Structure

Spatial layers Information/Electronics

Electronic components/ products manufacturing Telecommunications Computer integration systems services

IoT Structure

Cloud Development

Hardware R&D /Prototyping

Building/Construction Building engineering Indoor design

Original planting of Yong-Kang Artillery School

Home Appliance & Equipment

Office, Labs, industrial facilities

Lighting & air conditioning Application Experiment manufacturing service Retail sale of household Development appliances and goods

Services & sales

Services & Sales Exhibition, retail center

Innovation & R&D Physical spatial connection

30m Main road

Medical Service & Energy Management Home care, 〠medical service Energy management

Prototyping & Experiment uses

Park/ Open space

Commercial area - high footprint & high-rise

20m Main road

Industrial area - low footprint & high-rise Open spcaes - low footprint & low-rise

10m Collecting road Pedestrian circulation

Network & Cirrulation

Capacity & Intensity

Green open space

Industrial activites Industrial-commercial activities

Main open space

Commercial activities

Open Spaces

Functions & activites

Network Layer Perception Layer Cloud Layer Application Layer

Appliances & Devices

Design Principles of buildings

Master Plan

INNOVATIVE R&D OFFICE GSI : 50% FSI : 250% (Flex space Type) Place open spaces at the middle of the block, to set a more private open space for the employees

EXHIBITION & SALES ROOM Zoning

GSI : 70% FSI : 330% (Big Box Type) Stand-alone structure, leaving open spaces mainly for pedestrians

DATA PROCESSING CENTER GSI : 60% FSI : 300% (Office buildings Type) Placement of computer and information-based facilities

SMART PRODUCT PROTOTYPING & EXPERIMENT Plan area Land Used for Park Commercial District Land Used for Green Built Land Used for Agency Land Used for C/M Park

GSI : 50% FSI : 160% (Flex space Type) scale 1/1,000 1

30

N

Place setback from the property line which nearby main roads, for products loading & unlaoding


Project 3-3 Development Plan

Product & Market Analysis Provide overall equipment recommendations, set-up service which enhance energy saving and health care service for quality of living.

Appliances & Devices

Energy Saving •

Current products characteristics survey

provide automation systems for efficient energy saving

1. It take up enormous amount of time to gather user feedback.

Perception Layer

• Sensoring systems • Smart appliances & products • Smart wearable devi

2. The life circle of these products are usually short.

Network Layer

3. Every house/living space is unique.

Current sales channels survey

Cloud Layer

1. Appliance or electronic devices retail >Brick-and-mortar:51% ; Virtual channels:33%

Application Layer •

Focusing on the combination of automation equipment set-up and interior design.

Collaborate with vertical and horizontal industries, to provide overall services to enhance quality of living at home.

Making use of the collection of user data to improve hardware, software and services

Site Introduction

Companies selling household appliances and related products

Cost

3. Architecture and interior design industry - Smart buildings program ; Others Survey Results 1 ) Dispersed sales channels of current

smart products 2 ) Low reach of products

Financial Analysis

Channel “SMART LIVING EXPERIENCE STORE” Brick-and-mortar: Experience marketing/Customized services

Key activities

Companies (Network & Cloud)

Household items retail

Land ownership: Tainan City Gov.

Customer segment Revenue

Store space rental income; Sales income

Companies of commodity retail, restaurant, supermarket, etc. (B2B)

Construction period: 3yrs Operation period: 47yrs Base period:2017yrs Self-financing & loans ratio: 3:7 Interest rate: 2.63% Loan term: 23yrs Grace period: 3yrs、Repayment period:20yrs Inflation rate: 1.08% Earning growth rate: 2.00% Total cost of construction period: NT$ 2,273,571,615 Annual operating cost: NT$ 273,788,210 Annual operating revenue: NT$ 465,233,760 Net Present Value (NPV): NT$ 1,113,503,987 Internal Rate of Return (IRR): 9.51% Payback period (PB): 4yrs; Discounted Pay back: 19yrs

Construction costs;

Development methods: Land use: commercial district

Water and air quality control Comfort lighting Timely food and medical information Activites sensoring and emergency nursing contact

Cost & Revenue

Strategic partners

creation of superficies

Health Care

Business Model Operaters & Value proposition

Area: about 1.3 ha

• • • •

2. Communications protocol integration program

Anual Net Present Value (NT$) $1,500,000,000.0

Companies (Perception Layer)

Royalty: NT$ 328,255,200

Operation & management

Rent of soil: NT$ 8,792,550 per yr GSI/FSI: 70%/330%

Companies (Application Layer)

Smart living appliance, products, devices experience & retail + overall set-up service, after-sales serevice

Costumer experience user-data

Companies of business analysis (B2B)

$1,000,000,000.0

$500,000,000.0

$0.0

Sales income; Service fee income

General customers (B2C)

-$500,000,000.0

-$1,000,000,000.0

YEAR


Site Plan & Floor Plan Retail shopping .6m

30 .4m

19

.6m .2m

44

Appliances booth rental Home items retail

.9m

.2m

19

.3m

41

22

.0m

20

4

Parking (B1, B2)

Experience economy

3

Offices/ checkouts & delivery 70

1

5

.6m

N

scale 1/ 500

15

30m

Customer Entrance Loading/Unloading Entrance Parking Entrance

5

40

m

0.6

17

Furniture booth rental Wearable devices booth rental

m

0.6

14

m

0.6

16

VR Showroom/ professional advice/ customized service/ after-sales service

2

Garden experience area Working space experience area Bathroom experience area Bedroom experience area CafĂŠ

Food court

1

Smart retail supermarket Kitchen experience area Dining room experience area Living room experience area

Concept of building content : emphasis on lifestyle of smart living !

Dining room Kitchen

Bedroom Working area

Living room

Experience circulation as ordinary house

+

+

Rental Smart Kitchen (for restaurant, cooking class, etc.)

Supermarket for organic food


05 Fractal : Urban Sprawl Patterns Study *The study result has published in Journal of City and Planning(TSSCI), Vol.44, No.2, pp.171-189. DOI: 10.6128/CP.44.2.171

Fractal : Urban Sprawl Patterns Study Measuring urban sprawl on the urban fringe of Taianan using fractal dimensions The aim of this study is to measure the urban sprawl on the urban fringe of Tainan using fractal dimensions. The fractal dimension has advantage over the conven�onal indexes such as area and density as it is able to describe the sca�ering pa�erns of urban sprawl areas. The research area is the buffer zone 1 km inside and 1 km outside of the boundary of the urban planning areas around Tainan city center. The data from Land Use Inves�ga�on of Taiwan and the land use zoning informa�on in the urban plans were employed for the analysis. The research area was divided into 16 spa�al analysis units using the con�guity-constrained clustering technique. The box coun�ng method was used to measure the fractal dimension of the built-up areas for each spa�al analysis unit outside the boundary of the urban planning areas. Bivariate correla�on analysis was used to describe the rela�onship between the of the fractal dimension measurements and the conven�onal urban development indexes such as the sizes of built-up areas, distances between traffic intersec�ons, residen�al uses, commercial uses and industrial uses. Results show that the fractal dimensions are able to describe the urban sprawl pa�erns efficiently. Also, the fractal dimensions are significant posi�ve correlated to commercial uses, residen�al areas and built-up areas within the urban planning boundary, but significant nega�ve correlated to agricultural uses. The outcomes of this study are of help to the land use planning prac��oners.

Research Supervisor: Assoc. Prof. Tzu-Chang, Lee jtclee@mail.ncku.edu.tw 2015.12 - 2017.06

Study process

Yong-Kang Interchange nearby area Master Plan Area Main Tainan City Area Master Plan Area Anping Historical Park Special District Plan Area

Taiwan Strait

Yong-Kang Liu-Jia-Din Master Plan Area

1

Definig study area

2

Divided analysis units using the contiguity-constrained clustering technique

3

Using box counting method to measure the fractal dimension of the built-up ares of each analysis units

4

Quantitating conventional urban development indexes on the 500m x 500m grid based

5

Bivariate correlation

6

Disscusion & conclusion

Ren-De District (Ren-De Area) Master Plan Area Tainan Interchange nearby area Master Plan Area

Gue-Ren District Master Plan Area

Tainan City Park Special District Master Plan Area Ren-De District (Wen-Shien Area) Master Plan Area

Spatial units devision (Using contiguity-constrained clustering technique)

pca<-read.table(file="pcadata100.csv", header=TRUE, sep=",",row.names=1) distance<-read.table(file="distance100.csv", header=TRUE, sep=",",row.names=1) voronoi<-read.table(file="vorcen100.csv", header=TRUE, sep=",",row.names=1) dist1<-dist(pca,method="euclidean") dist2<-dist(distance,method="euclidean") dist4<-dist(voronoi,method="euclidean") sd1<-sd(dist1) sd2<-sd(dist2) sd4<-sd(dist4) mean1<-mean(dist1) mean2<-mean(dist2) mean4<-mean(dist4) dist5<-(dist1-mean1)/sd1+(dist2-mean2)/sd2+(dist4-mean4)/ sd4 cluster<-hclust(dist5, method="ward.D") plot(cluster)


Box counting method

Urban development indexes record C=N×L logNL = D × log( 1 ) + logC L logN D = lim L→0 1 log( ) L Where L is length of a grid; NL is amont of grids with length L; C is constant, and D is calculated fractal dimension.

Residen�al District

Residen�al Land

Commercial District

Commercial Land

Industrial District

Industrial Land

Agricultural District

Agricultural Land

Other

Other

*Note: The Non-urban area is uncolored.

Land-use plan

Land use inves�ga�on results

Analysis units & Fractal Dimension (FD)

(a) Unit 1 (FD=0.241)

(b) Unit 2 (FD=0.107)

(c) Unit 3 (FD=1.026)

(d) Unit 4 (FD=0.828)

(e) Unit 5 (FD=1.185)

(f) Unit 6 (FD=1.441)

(g) Unit 7 (FD=1.285)

(h) Unit 8 (FD=1.136)

(i) Unit 9 (FD=1.328)

(j) Unit 10 (FD=1.355)

(k) Unit 11 (FD=1.470)

(l) Unit 12 (FD=1.358)

(m) Unit 13 (FD=1.345)

(n) Unit 14 (FD=1.199)

(o) Unit 15 (FD=1.461)

(p) Unit 16 (FD=1.183)

Analysis & conclusion Correla�on Coefficient

Fractal Dimension

Sta�scally significant at 90% confidence Level

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Intersec�on Density of Non-urban Land (numer/ha)

Re s

Built Area Ra�o of Non-urban Land (%)

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Non-sta�scally significant at 90% confidence Level

a�o

Fractal Dimension

Sta�scally significant at 95% confidence Level


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Bio-Integrated Design (Bio-ID) MArch Application Portfolio 2019| Wen Chi Huang  

Bio-Integrated Design (Bio-ID) MArch Application Portfolio 2019| Wen Chi Huang  

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