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Week 9 – Monuments & Study Guide on Post ’76 & Post ‘89


1976 1/8 Zhou Enlai died, 4/4 the wrath incidence The Star Group The Scarred/native soil Movement Tangshan earthquake in Aug (1/2 million dead) Jilin Meteor shower in March

1976 9/9 Mao died ( 4/5Jiang died in Taiwan) Gang of Four (headed by Mao’s wife, Jiang Qing) arrested 1977 Art schools reopened, rehabilitation of “Rightists” 1978 Four Modernization campaign, Mao Mausoleum completed


1977-78 Building the Mao Mausoleum and Statue – changing image of Mao 1978 Democracy Wall [liberal atmosphere] & the arrest of Wei Jingsheng The Star/Xingxing 星星 group and the birth of unofficial/dissident art 1979 Official art & party sanction - Beijing New International Airport Incident of Yuan Yunshen’s Song of Life 1979-80 Academic New Realism – the wound/scar, the native soil/romantic

1978-84 the gradual increase of artistic freedom and the ‘85 movement 1985 Rauschenberg show in Beijing/Shanghai, Zhao Wuji in Hangzhou 1985 – 87 the feverish unofficial (experimental ) -- 3rd weave of modernist art movement – philosophical, intellectual, idealistic 1989 Feb China Avant-garde opened in Beijing 1989 June 4th Tiananmen Massacre – disillusionment and sarcasm/cynicism


Yuan Yunsheng, Song of Life, 1979 Nude controversial & the Beijing Airport project


Academic New Realism the scarred, native soil movement

Ai Xun, Defending the Wreaths, 1978


He Duoling, Spring Breezes Have Arrived, 1980


Cheng Conglin, Sonw on X Month X Day 1968, 1979


Chen Yifei, History, 1980


Luo Zhongli, Father, 1980


The Star/Xingxing 星星 group and the birth of unofficial/dissident art 1978-84 the gradual increase of artistic freedom and the 85 movement 1985 Rauschenberg show in Beijing/Shanghai, Zhao Wuji in Hangzhou 1985 – 87 the feverish unofficial (experimental ) art movement – philosophical, intellectual, idealistic

1989 Feb China/Avant-garde opened in Beijing 1989 June 4th Tiananmen Massacre – disillusionment and sarcasm/cynicism


Unofficial/dissident Art & The Star Group


Wang Keping, the Silence One, 1978

Idol, 1978


Art in Modern China – Post 89 Mao Revisit & Mao Pop Cynical Realism Globalization & the Wizard of Contemporary Art World


Mao Pop

Zhang Hongtu Chairman Mao 1989


Iconoclasm - Demystification of Mao

Wang Guangyi, Mao Zedong, 1988


Appropriation of fetish from Cultural Revolution Juxtaposition of political and commercial images Art as social/cultural critique

Wang Guangyi, Great Criticism: Nikon,1992


Wang Jinsong, Taking a Picture in Front of Tiananmen, 1990


Zhang Xiaogang, Blood line: the Big Family No. 2, 1985


Zhang Huan, 12 Square Meters, 1994 Performance, Beijing


Anti-writing Wenda Gu & Pseudo Chinese Characters


Book of Heaven, 1988


Installation & Retrospective, 2008


Ai Weiwei “profiled” in New Yorker, May 24, ’10 “It’s not Beautiful – An Artist Takes on the System”

China’s most active “blog” activist artist “Ai had inverted the usual logic of art and politics: instead of enlisting art in the service of his protest, he had enlisted the apparatus of authoritarianism into his art. Dissidents, like artists, need an audience.”


Terminology Nationalization of Oil Painting Socialist Realism Mao’s Yen’an Talk Woodcut Movement Mao (Political) Pop Chan/Zen Art of Lu Shoukun The Star Group The Fifth Moon Group Dsui Hua [of Betty Ecke] Book From the Sky [of Xu Bing]


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