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Nº 274 · Apr - May 2017 · £1.00 CTC Suffolk / We Are Cycling UK

The E-Bike Arrives

David Kemp’s Family Bike Tour in the Netherlands P 14

Happy 200th Birthday to the Laufmaschine / Draisine P 9

New Rides Lists

Wolsey Notes


The Brevet

Cycling Snippets

And lots more besides!

Puttenham Camping Barn: one of a number of low cost accommodation sites used by cyclists (and walkers) threatened with closure by the YHA. Read the story on Page 13. Photo: Independent Hostels

This camera symbol in an article means there is a colour photo here or at the back

David Kemp’s father Eddie follows his son’s advice & got an electrically assisted recumbent trike. Read both their views on pages 32 - 34

This issue sees a couple of changes.

Contents Editorial President’s Piece Secretary’s Notes Letter to the Editor Registration Officer What do YOU do when not on a bike? 200 Years Since the “Laufmaschine” Social Secretary’s Report Photographic Competition 2017 From the Archives YHA says “On Yer Bike” Netherlands: Family Bike Tour CTC Suffolk Gazette CTC Suffolk Rides Lists Blaxhall Audax CTC Suffolk Sunday Rides from Ipswich CTC Suffolk Thursday Rides Ipswich & Woodbridge Boomers on E-Bikes Brevet Table Quiz at the Presentation Lunch Speedy Cyclist Pavement Cycling E-Trike Success: the Son E-Trike Success: the Father Foldylocks Flexible Bike Wolsey Road Club Cycling in the Snow Urban Uber Rival Moulton Collection Over The Hedge Last Word Tour of the Netherlands - P 14

4 5 6 7 7 8 9 10 10 11 13 14 19 20 21 22 24 26 27 28 30 31 32 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43

Firstly, we have an advert on the back cover for our fellow CTC club in Diss, who organise a sportive, and who would be pleased to welcome Suffolk members as participants in the Diss Cyclathon and 9 Towns Sportive. The same colleagues have an event of 9th July, the Diss Dander of 200km and the Diss Dawdle at 100km. Entry for CTC members is just £7. This issue goes to press just days before our own Audax from Copdock. Thanks as always go to Dennis Kell and his small band of helpers for putting on this event. There is also good news to report on the Audax front. We have had some volunteers step forward to organise the Blaxhall Audax so that event will take place again this year.


Put a note in your diary now for September 30th. We will have more details in the next issue.

It’s not a CTC event, but if you can’t get enough of rides around the wonderful Suffolk countryside, the Crafted Classique from Ipswich Waterfront takes place on Saturday August 12th, with distances of 100km and 100 miles.

EDITOR: Richard Atkins 17 Meadow Crescent, Ipswich, IP3 8GD T: (01473) 726454 E:

Winged Wheel is published quarterly. Single issue price is £1 or £4 per year plus £2.00 if posted. Cheques to “CTC Suffolk”.

Contributions can be Word documents or hand written. Photos can be JPG or GIF. Send SAE if “real” photos are sent in & you want them back.

Contact: Philip Hancock, 82 Hatfield Road, Ipswich IP3 9AG T: 01473 402055 E:

Opinions expressed are not necessarily those of the Group or CTC. The right to edit for reasons of space, clarity & libel, is reserved. Copyright CTC Suffolk and contributors.

Cheques payable to “CTC Suffolk”.

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Richard Atkins

It was almost like the proverbial waiting for a bus: suddenly two contributions arrive about E-Bikes. Soon ater that I also noticed some stories by the ADFC, the German cycling club -about E-Bikes. I decided therefore to feature E-Bikes in this issue.

As a relatively recent member of the CTC, I don’t remember the time before the club became a charity to support all aspects of cycling, in particular cycling for all. But I do remember being pleased that your committee decided to match a donation from a local Rotary Club to fund a special type of tandem so people who would not be able to ride on their own could enjoy being on a bike at Alton Water. Cycling really should be for everyone. The arrival of e-bike technology has,in my opinion, to be welcomed if it helps to persuade either the less fit to cycle, or to help those who are no longer so able to cycle without the help of the Pedelec motor - or e-bike propulsion.

those without this mechanism. (See Page 7) Secondly,that the ADFC in Germany has felt a need to call for changes in driving to allow for the increased number of elderly riders on e-bikes, whose reactions may not be quite as fast as they were when they were younger. (See Page 26.) This is in a context where more than 2 ½ million ebikes are in use, far more than is the case in the UK, and also in a country that saw in excess of 5 million cycling holidays in the last year. I think that Germany and the Netherlands are more likely to experience problems related to ebikes sooner than we are, just because of the numbers in use there; and so, it is could serve as a useful guide to us, as sales of e-bikes grow this side of the North Sea.

Two things concern me.

Got any views? Let me - and your fellow members - know via the next issue of Winged Wheel!

E-Trikes I found the contributions of David Kemp and his father Eddie very interesting. David’s point of view is on pages 32-33. Until I read the story in full I had not realised that he had been Cycling Officer at Suffolk County Council.

Firstly that one member felt that he was being misunderstood if he used his e-bike propulsion to climb a hill faster than I think it is tremendous that he used his experience and expertise to help his father to switch to an etrike rather than give up cycling. His father obviously concurs: his views follow on page 34. This to me really shows that cycling is for ALL. It really makes me welcome the e-bike (or in this case e-trike) technology.

Recognition I have used the route in Martlesham to head towards the Tesco store and the cycle routes back to Ipswich & been amazed at the small piece of Dutch style shared space where bikes are given a level of priority, but hadn’t known who had designed & implemented this. Well done, David Kemp!

President’s Piece

Gazetteer and probably few actually read it. I would like if I may to share a few entries with you over the next few issues of “Winged Wheel” and just to whet your appetite, did you know … Chillesford Thomas Weyland “BritishJustice” bought the Manor of Chillesford in 1258 for 100 marks.

Maurie Parish

I have not done as many miles as I would have liked this year. Various reasons have conspired to keep me off my bike and a number of rides have been cancelled. Hopefully with the improving weather and spring just round the corner this will change. I am looking forward to the Lee Valley trip at the end of March. When I stood for election I had a number of ideas to improve the way our club functions and I am glad that the committee have shared some of these and we are in the process of implementing some small changes. I hope these will lead to more volunteers and enable us to fill the vacant posts. I am pleased to report that Glen Smith has taken over “Membership”. We are however still looking for volunteers to do Publicity, Right to Ride and we will be in need of a new Social sec when this season comes to an end. Michael Scott is settling into the Sunday rides coordinator task, but John Bryant is looking for a successor. I am minded that I am writing this piece rather last minute so will try and do better next time. I may have bored many of you when I worked on the birthday rides gazetteer, but it occurs to me that only those who attended the ride had sight of the

One English mark is equivalent to 8 ounces of pure silver. The pound which was in use much earlier was equivalent to 240 pure silver pennies which weighed one pound or “£”, however by the time of the purchase by Thomas Weyland, King Henry II had set the purity of Silver at 92.5% so 100 marks was equivalent to 100 x 13 shillings and 4 pence ie £66.00. Thinking outside the Box! Effectively King Henry brought about the first devaluation of the “Pound”. Clipping of coins was rife up to this point, but with the introduction of “Assay” houses, the practice largely died out because the clippings contained 7.5% nickel and could not be made into silverware, without giving away the fact that the crime of clipping had been taking place. Regards and happy cycling


Secretary’s Notes

Judith Hedges

It was with great sadness I heard that Mike Holtom, one of our Thursday riders, had passed away. I have been on many European cycle tours with Mike. I have shared apple cake with him in many Dutch cafés, sampled the best and worst of French wines with him in many French cafés, shared the same cell block with him in a Danish jail and remember sleeping in a wine barrel just along from his barrel in a winery. His dry sense of humour has helped pass many an hour on the saddle. Mike, an artist and baker extraordinaire. He will be greatly missed by all. Club rides are very much one of the highlights of my week (perhaps I need to get a life??). The routes and venues are first class. Do join us if you have not already. Many thanks must be given to John Bryant and Michael Scott for all the meticulous planning and for sorting out all the last minute hitches. Of course, besides the routes and venues, the company and banter on the rides is unbeatable. (I definitely need to get out more??). The banter is sometimes so all enthralling that cycling etiquette is forgotten. This must not be allowed to happen. Dave Pauley has recently updated the club guidelines for riders and ride

leaders. The committee is very keen that all riders should read these updated versions; for your well-being and that of the group. This is not Mr ‘Elf and Safety speaking this is good Ol’ Mr Common Sense. If we all read the same guidelines then we will all be cycling to the same tune and in harmony (well, possibly in harmony). The club has various exciting extracurricular rides and events planned for this quarter, mentioned elsewhere. If you have any ideas for the future then do tell John Bryant or Michael Scott. A plea to close with----please volunteer to lead a ride each quarter. It is not difficult. An experienced leader can co lead with you, an experienced leader can work out a route for you to follow, I am always happy to book venues for you. When I lead I am always happy that there are always so many helpful, friendly, knowledgeable riders in the group that really nothing can go wrong of any consequence. Have a great springtime on and off the saddle. Very best wishes to all


PS. I have now just heard that John Skinner has passed away. John was a Thursday rider for many, many years and will be very greatly missed.

The wind is cold, the Spring seems long a-waking; The woods are brown and bare; Yet this is March: soon April will be making All things most sweet and fair. See, even now, in hedge and thicket tangled, One brave and cheering sight; The leafless branches Of the Blackthorn, spangled With starry blossoms white! By Cicely Mary Barker. Flower Fairy Series of poems.

Letter Brevetto the Editor From a Trike to an E-Bike Riding an e-bike amongst a group of 20 cyclists requires different techniques and strategies. I will ride at the back with a gap to allow me to stop in time safely. Stopping means turning the power down to one and twisting the gear down to three. This will also allow me to be the one who calls loudly “oil up!” On a steep hill there is no time to fiddle with controls to adjust pace etc, so I will call loudly “coming through” in order to overtake everyone. This is NOT showing off. It is to allow me to get clear of other riders to avoid danger to you and me.


Registration Officer Glen Smith has kindly voluntered to take over the role of the Registration Officer/Membership Officer. It is an important role as the Registration Officer is the first person from our group who makes contact with a new member. Every month Cycling UK will send Glen a list of all the new members in our area, he will then send them a welcome letter detailing our activities and pointing them to our website. Each new member will also receive a complimentary copy of the next Winged Wheel from Philip Hancock. This is a good time to thank Philip & Margaret for the hours they put in every quarter to organise the magazine distribution, something they have quietly done for many years.

What Brevet do YOU do when not on a bike?

MAURIE PARISH Prior to the last issue 2 contributions for this item arrived in 2 days so it was great to have this one ready for this issue.

But - the stock is now “exhausted”, so here’s hoping for something new in time for next issue!

My time is occupied with family, pursuing other leisure activities and voluntary work. I have two grown up children both of whom have 2 children. The grandchildren are all boys ranging from 2½ to 7½. The two youngest live locally, so Alison and I see them regularly and are kept busy with child care. We see the two eldest every 4 to 6 weeks and we are either at home or away. On the leisure front I am a “Framlingham camera club” member. We meet a couple of times a month and have club competitions, guest speakers, practical workshops and 3-way inter club contests, known as ”Tripods”. Competitions are run for “Prints” and “Digitally projected Images” (DPI’s). Subjects are chosen and assigned to some competitions but others are “open” when any subject may be entered. Obviously to enter a competition you need to go out and take photos so a lot of my time disappears doing this, together with, processing, printing and mounting. In my younger days I played snooker, and 5 or so years ago Mike Richie invited me to join him and friends, and despite Mike’s departure, we still play. Moving on to my voluntary work, I always wanted to be a scout, and when the opportunity arose to get involved I took it. I now chair the “Ipswich Scout District Liaison Committee” which oversees the running of the “Wolsey” and “Orwell” Scout districts and the running of “Hallowtree” scouting facility. We also oversee and underwrite the “Gang show” which is run by volunteers. The facility at Hallowtree

How about letting us know what YOU do for the next issue?

offers camping and adventure activities to scouts as well as other clubs and organisations, and has a surplus income of around £20,000 a year. When our children were young, Alison joined a baby sitting circle. A friend in the circle introduced me to “Lions” and I have been a member now for almost 40 years. “Lions” is the largest service organisation in the world with over 4 million members & has clubs in all but two countries. Local clubs fund raise and spend the funds raised locally and wider afield. Most clubs have signature events: Woodbridge and district have the “Woodbridge Regatta” “Martlesham 10k and Fun Run” and “Christmas Parcels” to name but a few. I have been President of Woodbridge and district Lions Club three times, as well as having held several other posts. I am currently Health and Safety officer, with all that this entails, i.e. the writing of “risk assessments” and reviewing those of other organisations with whom we work. It’s not all work, the club has a busy social side to balance the volunteering, which includes speakers, visits, theatre trips and similar. Family commitments and Lions activities mean that I don’t get out regularly on Sunday rides, but I very rarely miss a Thursday. I do have spare time, but while I have almost given up DIY and invariable GSTDIFM* my daughter has moved straight to the GSTDIFM stage and this is usually DAD. * Get Someone To Do It For Me!

200 Years Since the “Laufmaschine” Thank heavens for the 1815 eruption of Mount Tambora in Indonesia, which caused snow all summer long in much of Europe and consequently poor harvests. The resulting lack of food for horses, at the time the only means of transport, caused 32 year old Baron Drais (or Karl Friedrich Christian Ludwig Freiherr Drais von Sauerbronn to give him his full name and German title of “Freiherr”) to look for an alternative means of getting around. His invention in 1817 of the “Laufmaschine” (literally running machine) is widely recognised as the forerunner of the bike, and the only one of his many inventions to be remembered, though I am using the descendant of another - the first typewriter with a keyboard - to write this. This early bike, with no pedals, became known in France as a Draisienne and in the UK as a Draisine, a name also later given to another of his later inventions, the human powered railway handcar. Later the names Velocipede and Hobby Horse, or Dandy Horse, came into use. The first reported ride by Drais was from Mannheim to the coaching inn called the Schwetzinger Relaishaus in Rheinau, which is now a district of Mannheim, a return trip of 12.8 km which took him just over an hour, on his 20kg invention. Roads at the time suffered from ruts making it difficult to balance on the Draisine. The result was that many took to riding on the pavement. Typically they travelled at 3 times the speed of people walking and caused such upset that riding on pavements was banned in many countries. The original design had a design problem in that the handlebars were about 15cm ahead of the axle of the front wheel, adversely affecting stability. This was corrected in 1819 by coach builder Denis

Johnson in the UK in his “pedestrian curricle” for which he got a patent. The invention slumbered somewhat until in 1865 Frenchmen Pierre Michaux and Pierre Lallement introduced a version with pedals on the front wheel. Changes were also made, away from the Cherry wood original to a cast iron one, as well as to the introduction of a sprung saddle, as exhibited at the World Exhibition in Paris in 1867. There was a considerable gap before inflated tyres and chain drive were added to gradually move towards a “bicycle” rather than a “balance bike” - which is probably the closest direct successor of Drais’ invention. Drais was a liberal and after the French revolution renounced his title in 1848 and took the name Citizen Karl Drais, which caused problems for him after the collapse of the revolution, losing him his pension as a former civil servant. Citizen Drais died penniless on 10th December 1851 in Karlsruhe in a house that was only a few hundred meters away from the childhood home of a certain Karl Benz.

Social BrevetSecretary’s Report I would like to thank Dennis and Ann Kell, and Michael Scott for their contributions to the evening events so far this year. I enjoyed the Presentation Lunch at Flynn Valley Golf Club at the end of January and hope that the members who joined us there did as well. The solution to the table quiz held there is elsewhere in the magazine. I will not be seeking reelection at the AGM on 11th November. I hope members will consider taking on this role. Paul and I are happy to speak to anyone who will consider this role to explain what is involved.

which the winners will be chosen, which will be held on 7th October. I will also help the new Social Secretary by ensuring there is a speaker for the 2nd December. We have enjoyed our time as Social Secretary . We have found out about some topics and travel destinations we would have not otherwise have thought about unless we had been involved with arranging our speakers.

Regards Susan and Paul

Paul and I are organising a photographic competition (see below) with a show at

Photographic Competition 2017 Suffolk CTC Photographic competition. We are pleased to promote a photographic competition as one of the 2017 Social events.

of all entries and judging will take place at the October social event on Saturday the 7th October 2017 at the Odd Fellows Hall in Ipswich. Take your pictures between now and then.

The four classes are: Suffolk sea and river scenes. Cycling events. World tourist. Wild creatures of the British isles. Digital camera images should be of greater than 750 Kb in size. A photo taken on a Smartphone on its normal setting is well in excess of this. As long as you speak to us before the day printed photographs can also be scanned to be included in the competition. A show

Speak to Susan or Paul or e mail us to submit your entry when you are ready. The email address is:

Photographic Competition: 7th October 2017 at the Odd Fellows Hall, Ipswich

From the Archives Brevet A Letter to the Editor dated 29th Feb 1968 from “A Winter Twig”, headed “Early Days in the Suffolk D.A.” In the Autumn 1967 issue of “Winged Wheel” you rashly invited articles from older members, but failed to include old ex-members: a grave omission because there are still those who can bring knowledge of the birth of the Suffolk D.A. Change from a bicycle to a time machine and pedal backwards to the primeval years of 1927/8. In those days a young man arrived from Plymouth to live near the top of Grove Lane in Ipswich. Suffolk folk being what they are – or perhaps used to be – regarded him with suspicion being a foreigner, and it was darkly hinted he had to flee the nautical city for some sinister reasons. Many of the Autumn tints, indeed some Summer Blossoms, will know Les Morcom. In the St Johns area of the same town was another young man, who we will call Eee Vee Gee who was the proud possessor of a James “Ace”, was an avid reader of Cycling (weekly at 2d) and a lone explorer of East Anglia, belonging to no club except the CTC. At that time, there was only one local club, the Ipswich B.C. The Horton brothers were its star riders and amongst its members was one Cliff Taylor, also a CTC member, whose father kept a newsagents at the top of St John’s Road. On one insignificant day Cliff said to EVG “There’s a bloke from Plymouth who used to ride with the DA there and he’s got some crazy notion of starting one in Suffolk. Why don’t you go and see him?” EVG was not enthusiastic but did as he was told and thereby commence a

long lasting friendship. Les welcomed EVG with enthusiasm but his landlady should have had a notice which said “Lodgers visitors not allowed beyond this point”: they had to find a meeting place, and a get-together was arranged. Les already knew some likely lads and lasses (he was that sort of chap) and the two conspirators wrote to CTC HQ explaining what they had in mind and asking for a list of members in the county. There were very few and not all of them lived in Ipswich, nevertheless they gathered a nucleus around them: Frank Glanfield (in the surveyor’s department at Ipswich Borough Council), Doug Kemp (a cycle mechanic at Underwood’s in Upper Brook Street), Jim Middleditch and Kit (who became a Middleditch), Charles Beresford and his daughter, Alice Kimber (who worked in a tailor’s in the Buttermarket) and “Timmy” Timms (who ended up in the RAF), Fred Curtis (who had a metal business in Arcade Street) and Ernie Jones, who was at Tibbenham’s when they had a picture framing shop. At an Inaugural Meeting Les was appointed Secretary and EVG treasurer, not because he could be trusted with money (there wasn’t any!), but because Les could spell better. One of the first things was to choose Club Colours. Every desirable combination had already been taken by rival DAs and they had to settle for chocolate and blue. A later theory was that chocolate represented iron rations in the saddlebag and blue the sky. This was wrong: they did not have imagination like that in 1928. For publicity, the “Green ‘Un” was persuaded to publish a runs list each Saturday. This was cunningly expanded into little chatty bits about the club. Les wrote these at first but EVG took over,

Brevet who conned the editor into letting him do a weekly article on cycling ostensibly unconnected with the CTC. It is believed the editor actually paid money for these! The theory was that this column would lead readers to the joys of the Open Road, but as far as is known, not a single convert was secured, though things looked up after EVG left Suffolk and the DA early in 1931. The start was not as easy as it has been written here. Before official recognition as a DA by HQ, then at Craven Hill, there had to be a minimum of 12 members (or was it 20?). Anyway, runs started and what they lacked in numbers they made up in keenness. Committee meetings were held in the back room of a little café in Great Colman Street with coffee and biscuits. Runs started from St Margaret’s Plain with tea at Beyton “Bear” or Stoke Ash

“White Horse” and may other places whose names have faded with passing time. Yet if names fade, memories grow stronger. The growl of a hard pumped Constrictor on a frosty road; the rhythm of a fast moving tandem; riding out of town on a black winter’s night with a Silver King oil lamp into a claustrophobic wall of darkness immediately after leaving the last Borough gas lamp on Woodbridge Road; the dog that ran across the leader’s front wheel with such interesting results to those behind; breakfast at Cromer after an all-night run via Norwich; the scented air of Sutton Heath with gorse and pine abounding … The voice of the past now fades away but sends greetings and heartful good wishes to those of its native and loved County who carry on the greatest of all sports. Good luck and good riding to all of you!

YHA Brevet says “On Yer Bike” The Youth Hostels Association (”YHA”) has unexpectedly given notice to the proprietors of many Camping Barns and a number of simple hostels – at least 15 properties in total – to terminate partnerships enjoyed over a long period of time. They are generally small-scale ventures in some of the most attractive parts of the country for cyclists and walkers alike, andall have what is called Affiliate status with the YHA. They include two wonderful hostels in the wilderness area of Central Wales, Dolgoch and Ty`n Cornel, which survived an earlier YHA closure plan but were rescued by members who formed a charity known as the Elenydd Wilderness Hostels Trust. The Trust’s work led to these Hostels continuing and returning back to the YHA network: now they are told the relationship must end. A representative of the Elenydd Wilderness Trust, Marilyn Barrack, has reacted by saying: “We are very sad that our long association with the YHA is now ending after such a mutually beneficial relationship. However, we are confident our hostels will continue to thrive over the coming years & offer a unique experience.” Many places due to disappear from the YHA map are Camping Barns (indoor “camping” without a tent), like Alstonefield Camping Barn, described by the YHA as “located on a working the heart of the Peak District between Dovedale and Manifold Valley, with stunning views of the surrounding limestone hills – a great base for … cycling holidays!”. Owner Teresa Flower says: “I have enjoyed a good working relationship over the past 17 years with the YHA. I appreciate all the help they have given me over the years and felt dismayed and confused that an organisation, whose charitable objective refers to helping all, especially those of limited means, to a greater knowledge, love and care of the countryside, now wishes to abandon its Camping Barns – surely the lowest priced accommodation in

the YHA network – without even the courtesy of advance consultation. Our barn welcomes many families with young children along with Duke of Edinburgh participants, school and scout groups – all seeking adventure in the great outdoors.” At the opposite end of the country, Puttenham Eco Camping Barn on the North Downs Way in Surrey is another worthwhile enterprise, this time run entirely by volunteers who raised at least £120,000 to establish lowpriced accommodation for cyclists and walkers. Co-founder Chris Meeks reports: “YHA and ourselves have worked together for over 12 years to mutual advantage and we are baffled by the sudden decision. We are told finance is the reason, yet at the last review of our partnership agreement YHA implemented a reduction in what we pay them. The YHA, because of its history, still attracts a considerable number of cyclists and walkers – exactly the people we seek to welcome. We call on the Association to urgently re-consider and enter into meaningful consultation with everyone affected – including their own membership.” The risk is that some of the simple accommodation being “given the boot” by YHA may close. Meanwhile, Independent Hostels UK, the other network of Hostels and Bunkhouses in the UK, is providing marketing and support to many of the camping barns and hostels set adrift from the YHA. A list of many of the camping barns and hostels that have left the YHA or are due to leave at the end of February or the end of May is shown here – Members may want to notify their views on the closures to the YHA

Netherlands: Brevet Family Bike Tour

David Kemp toured the Netherlands by bike with his wife & 10 year old son. It was the book my wife gave me for Christmas last year: ‘Why the Dutch are Different’ (by Ben Coates) that rekindled my desire to take a family cycling holiday in the Netherlands. 10 days in August 2016 were our opportunity. We used the car to reach the starting point as this was the only practical way to transport a tandem, a solo, 3 people and self-catering supplies, coming from France and returning to UK (Getting tandems on trains is problematic in all countries). For the tour I used our Dawes ‘Discovery’ Tandem with JB (my 10 year old son) as stoker and my wife Christine took her Cannondale ‘Quick’ tourer. 2 rear panniers each: Ortlieb & Vaude, waterproof. We stayed with ‘Vrienden op de Fiets’ (Friends of the Bike): a Dutch B&B organisation for touring cyclists. There are over 6,000 addresses, most in the Netherlands, but a fair number scattered across other European countries. The accommodation varies but all guarantee a warm bed, a hearty breakfast and a safe place to keep the bikes, for a fixed charge of €19 per night p/p (some offer half price for children). As one host explained proudly, it is part of the Dutch ‘Sharing economy’: an initiative to encourage economic activity from otherwise ‘idle assets’: In this case a spare room, or a summerhouse etc is rented out (shared) for a modest charge. This enables cyclists to make extra overnight trips that they might otherwise not have afforded and in turn brings extra trade to all the small businesses and attractions that cyclists visit along the way. Stays are recorded with the local authorities and a regional

tourist tax (usually 1 euro p/p/n) is collected. Everyone benefits! One point to bear in mind is that many of the hosts are older, as they are the most likely to have spare rooms. English is a second language in the Netherlands and it’s safe to assume that most people of working age or younger are pretty much bilingual, but this does not always apply to the retired generation. I have in the past stayed with hosts who spoke no English at all and another who insisted on speaking to me in German! I always think it’s courteous to make an effort to learn basic phrases and try to pronounce them correctly. This means for example when saying ‘please’ in Dutch, one should respect the distinction between the informal ‘Alsjeblieft’ (to friends & children) and more formal ‘Alstublieft’ (which is polite to those you don’t know). We started our holiday at a cottage in the pretty village of Hoog Soeren, part of the Veluwe forest area, west of Apeldoorn. ‘Hoog’ means ‘high’ in Dutch and indeed there was a modest climb up to the village from all approaches. Although the Netherlands is typically thought of as flat, there is in fact a belt of (slightly) higher ground, mostly heathland and forest, which runs east-west between Apeldoorn and Utrecht across the centre of the country. Hoog Soeren nestles in the heart of this area and proved an excellent base for day trips as the scenery is delightful in all directions. Day 1 (81 km) Our first ride headed northwards towards the coast, through the Veluwe, mostly on offroad paths, until we entered the very smart town of Elspeet with its wide red tarmac cycle lanes lining every street. It must have been the infant school break time as the roads were full of parents ferrying small children to and fro, but not by car: every type of bicycle and tricycle was employed. Especially popular were the ‘Bakfiets’, a type of cargo bike that can be fitted with a box containing two bench

Brevet seats, mounted on an extended lower frame tube. They can hold up to 4 small children, who can all see and communicate easily with each other and the adult rider. By lunch time we arrived on the coast at the historic, one-time seaside town of Harderwijk. It still has a popular beach (well used on this hot day), but it’s more of a lake side town since the creation of the Flevoland polder in the 1960s, a vast manmade island at the southern end of the Ijsselmeer sea. The warm weather was inviting us to make the most of the day, so we enquired about extending our route onto Flevoland. The waitress at our lunch-stop cafe in Harderwijk warned us of a steep ascent, which seemed a little puzzling looking at the flat landscape across the water. However, we discovered what she meant as the road (and cycle path) dived down under the water into a short tunnel before climbing back to sea level, while yachts sailed unhindered above our heads. Day 2 (46 km) A shorter ride today, with more sightseeing time, to the Hoge Veluwe National Park, home to the Kröller-Müller Museum. The park is huge and the museum and other buildings lie several km from the main gates. Cars are mostly prohibited and cycling is the only practical way to get around. We arrived on two wheels of course, but for visitors arriving by car or coach they provide a vast fleet of free bikes by each entrance. We followed the main Fietspad from the northern Hoenderloo entrance, through the unique landscape of forest, heathland and sand dunes. The whole route is over 26km, however, we headed for the Jachthuis Sint Hubertus first (former residence of the Kroller Muller family) at only 5km, where we took elevenses in front of the lake: a small cafe provided the first of many good ‘Appelgebak een Rooibos‘ (Dutch apple cake and Red Bush tea).

The museum building houses a selection of Van Gogh’s & contemporaneous art. Outside the gallery are 25 hectares of beautiful gardens, adorned with 160 sculptures to suit all tastes, but it starts closing at 4 pm and we arrived there late, seeing little of it unfortunately. So we cycled on to the visitor centre afterwards, which in my opinion houses the more interesting displays & stays open until 6pm. There was also a little market outside selling local artisan produce. In addition to cycle routes that follow minor roads, or fietspads running parallel to busier roads, there are also many ‘crosscountry’ fietspads through the Veluwe area, but they vary a lot in width and quality, with roughly half having unmade surfaces. (I think this may be due to its status as a conservation area). All tracks were firm and dry for our visit (during a heat wave) but I imagine the unsurfaced tracks would get mucky in heavy rain. Where paths are surfaced they are usually of concrete, very smooth and even, but only 2m wide. This requires good concentration to avoid collisions, esp. on weekends and holidays with a busy twoway flow of cyclists, plus ramblers (‘Wandelaars’ - the origin of our word wanderers), and dogs. In fine weather the Fietspads are busy 7 days a week. We saw countless older couples often on e-bikes, riding sedately, usually together side by side, like newlyweds, although many were octogenarians! Often they would have a matching colour & model of bike and cycling jackets too, and always a splendid picnic in a hamper, panniers or basket. We knew there was a healthy population of wild boar in the forest (‘wild zwijn’ in Dutch - from where we get our old English word ‘swine’), as evidence of their nocturnal foraging abounded, even alongside the cycle paths & at dusk we managed to spot one trotting away between the trees, but

Brevet what really puzzled us were frequent signs warning of ‘Wild Roosters’.

awaited in a house-boat on a picturesque lake just outside the city centre.

We assumed these were some kind of large birds that might suddenly fly out in front of us, so we kept a good lookout, but no roosters were to be seen. A couple of days into the trip we were in conversation with a local chap who asked if he could help us so we took the opportunity to ask about the Wild Roosters: What did they look like? Where would we see them?

Our route dipped in and out of forest, heath and farmland as it skirted the western edge of the Veluwe. We stopped once to admire a pair of storks nesting on a platform mounted high on a pole in the middle of a field. By 2pm we had used up the breakfast calories but were still ‘miles from anywhere’ and were wondering where to find sustenance when our Fietspad emerged from the forest into a collection of former farm buildings, including a café.

They were made of metal he replied, curiously, in a cage on the ground, usually near the warning sign. It was then the penny dropped – ‘Wild Rooster’ was the Dutch term for a Cattle grid! It's logical when you think about it: 'Wild' is the same word we use and 'rooster' means ‘roaster’ (only one letter difference between the two words) i.e. a metal grid that you place over a fire, or as in this case, over a hole in the road/path, in the wild. At a time when half the UK wants to separate itself from Europe it is interesting to reflect on the fact that the very essence of our individuality, our language itself, has no connection at all with the original native language spoken by the people of this island - which was Celtic, but instead owes everything to invaders and immigrants! Half our words are of French origin (following the Norman Conquest in 1066) while the rest was brought over with the Angles and Saxons – some of whom came from places such as the Netherlands. Or course the Netherlands too has a culture woven out of influences and customs from many other counties, (there are some fascinating links with Spain for example). But this is seen as a reason to feel part of, and closer to, their European identity, not separate from it. Day 3 (about 60 km) After 3 nights it was time to move on, south towards Arnhem where our next B&B

We had arrived at Boerderij Mossel. (Mossel Farm), a popular watering hole with seating for a 100 or more; bikes and people were everywhere. A constant flow of cyclists was arriving and leaving. Young waitresses darted between the tables taking orders and bringing food. As we searched for a spare table I marvelled at the fact that this thriving place received all its customers by bike! A family on a cycle camping holiday arrived just behind us, father towing a trailer, mum towing a small bike for the 4 year old daughter to ride when energetic plus a seat for her on the crossbar when tired, and a 10 year old boy on his own bike, as I pointed out to my son - who thought that stoking our tandem (with intermittent efforts) was hard work enough! Hot and thirsty, we were pleased to place our first order for cold drinks. Eventually we saw our tray of beverages emerge from the kitchen, balanced expertly on the left hand of the waitress. She approached us but then passed by as the tray also contained a coffee for another customer who had ordered before us, We watched longingly as our drinks disappeared towards the other side of the yard, with the girl calling out for the coffee customer, but no reply. She passed us twice more, as we rotated our heads following her progress like cartoon dogs

Brevet with tongues hanging out. At last the elusive coffee customer responded and waved to her: as she looked up and saw him she raised her right hand suddenly in one of those involuntary gestures of relief but inadvertently struck the underside of the tray a smart blow, sending the drinks flying in all directions. It was just a spontaneous slapstick comedy moment! The poor girl picked up the broken glasses off the ground, red-faced, and scurried back to the kitchen. We all had to wait for the replacements, but it’s one of those memories that remains - after the pangs of thirst are forgotten! The food was very good when it eventually came: The Appelgebak for dessert was one of the best and we were in no hurry so sat & enjoyed the afternoon sun. Do call in there if you’re ever passing that way. You can’t miss it, the address is simple: It’s next to Point 63 on the fietspad network. (Actually it’s not that simple because point numbers only run from 1 to 99 and are all recycled, even in adjacent areas!) We continued our route and were surprised by the steep descent towards the riverside city of Arnhem, as we came down from the relatively high ground of the Veluwe into the Rijn valley. We passed the very attractive central park and the waterpower museum, before stopping off at an Albert Heijn supermarket to stock up with supplies before heading out to the lake. Wim, our host, worked evenings as a chef at the local hotel so was out when we arrived but had emailed to say everything would be left unlocked and we should make ourselves at home. We found the houseboat open as promised and indeed the only key required was for the secure cycle shed on the riverbank. Over breakfast next morning he gave us some useful advice on the best route out of Arnhem. In truth it is hard to find a bad route as the Dutch build Fietspads

everywhere. We had map showing the leisure point-to-point Fietspad network which covers the country like a spider’s web, with numbers at each intersection. The numbered points are shown both on the maps and on posts on the ground, so you can plan your route simply by writing down a list of numbers in advance and ticking them off as you pass! In theory at least. But we were caught out a few times as they keep improving and adding to the network: In some places the numbering system has been reworked so you need an up-to-date map. Ours was an old one and frequently did not tie up with numbers on the ground! Much of this point-to-point network consists of routes through the countryside away from roads, however, there are also excellent cycle paths (usually segregated) alongside most roads too, in fact so universal is this provision that many maps don’t even bother to mark them! However, if you see a significant road on the map you can be sure there will be a cycle track there too. Minor roads may have a shoulder for cycling or use advisory cycle lane markings on both sides with a single carriageway for vehicles: I borrowed this idea for the layout used on the Old Felixstowe Road, from Crown Point to Martlesham Heath when I worked as SCC Cycling Officer (before that post was swept away by austerity measures in 2011). It was one of a few hard won achievements, and against all the odds of a minuscule budget and sustained opposition from over-zealous Safety Auditors, a hostile media and the powerful motorist’s lobby; Even the Crown Point fish & chip shop threatened to sue us for any resulting loss of business! Oh to be a Cycling Officer in Holland I dreamed. Except of course that they don’t need Cycling Officers. They probably need a Car Officer – because everybody provides for cycling! During my time at County Hall I sometimes received letters from cyclists who had returned from a holiday in the Netherlands,

Brevet awe-struck at the superb, universal provision of cycle facilities there and asking, quite rightly, “If you are the Cycling Officer please can you make Suffolk as cycle friendly as Holland – what are you waiting for?” Replies were the hardest to give: I wanted so much to oblige, but knew that in reality I was only going to disappoint them, as I lacked the supernatural powers required to achieve such a feat. To be fair, some MPs and councillors were very supportive, but as they always reminded me, in this country you have to realise that when campaigning at election time, ‘cycling’ is not a ‘doorstep issue’ for most people. Sometimes I felt rather like the fake Wizard of Oz, as I sat in the ‘ivory towers’ at County Hall, surrounded by the ‘smoke & mirrors’ of impressive-looking Policy Statements and Cycling Strategies promoting a brighter, greener future on two wheels, but totally powerless to implement any of the radical changes necessary to make it happen. My favourite line from that classic film is when Dorothy scolds Oz for being a fraud: “You’re a very bad man for Hello Everybody

Like Oz, I had to redeem myself by trying to achieve the impossible with only very human abilities... and a budget of peanuts! Over the years a small number of successful schemes were achieved, scattered across the county: Short cycle track links avoiding busy roads or junctions, safe crossings, cycle contraflows, even a couple of bridges, etc. But they amounted to only a drop in the ocean towards what was needed for a complete, continuous network of safe cycle routes: So essential if we are really to increase cycling levels for everyday journeys, especially in towns. In contrast, the Dutch have been investing billions of Euros for the past 50 years into designing & building by far the best cycle infrastructure in Western Europe. We are only separated by 60 miles of sea, but we are a world apart in terms of our transport See the next issue of Winged Wheel for Part 2 of Dave Kemp’s Dutch Tour.

Give a man a fish and

I'd like to thank all club members who helped to make my 'surprise' birthday tea party on Jan 28th such a lovely way to celebrate my big day. Thank you for all the lovely cards and gifts and helping with the 'deception'. It was a lovely surprise to see so many of you. I had a great weekend with friends and family. Best wishes Nicola Halton

fooling all those people into thinking you could help them” she says. “On the contrary my dear” corrects Oz, “I am a very good man... I’m just a very bad Wizard!”

Big Thanks!

feed him for a day. Teach a man to fish and feed him for a lifetime. Teach a man to cycle and he will realise fishing is stupid and boring.

Archbishop Desmond Tutu

CTC Suffolk Gazette Club Officials President*

Maurie Parish

07870 995654

Vice President*

Maureen Nichols

01473 810132


Judith Hedges

01394 272677


Jon Gorringe

07763 411091

Events Sec*


Sunday Rides Coordinator*

Michael Scott

01473 613311

Thursday Rides Coordinator*

John Bryant

07913 127496

Publicity & Promotion Officer*


Social Sec*

Susan Page

01473 688122

Rights Representative*

Richard Atkins

01473 726454

Website Administrator

Dave Pauley

01473 253268

Registration Officer* Glen Smith

07868 706323

Wolsey RC Sec

Maureen Nichols

01473 420136

Committee Member*

Jan Brown

01473 327325

Magazine Editor*

Richard Atkins

01473 726454

Magazine Distribution

Philip Hancock

01473 402055

CTC Suffolk * Denotes Committee Member

CTC Suffolk Rides Lists


April - June 2017 Rides from Colchester Thursday evenings

Start at 7:00 pm

Superbowl, Colchester

Meet at Superbowl at 7:00 pm or around 8:30 pm at destination (usually a pub)

For details contact:

Pete Finch

07860 263921

Rides from Melton with Wolsey RC Saturday mornings

Start at 08:30 am

Melton Traffic Lights

Meet at Melton Traffic Lights for an 8:30 am start

For details contact:

Karen Eaton

01473 420328

Rides from Diss with Diss CTC Sunday mornings

Meet at 9:30 a.m.

Angel CafĂŠ, Fair Green

For details contact:

Alan Franks

07532 097007

Other Cycling Events 25th June 2017

Nine Town Sportive From Diss. See Back Cover

12th August 2017

Crafted Classique from Ipswich Waterfront.

30th September 2017

Suffolk Byways Audax 100km from Blaxhall Village Hall

If you are aware of cycling events of interest to fellow members, please let the editor know. Thank you.

Blaxhall Brevet Audax

Suffolk Byways 100km Audax 30th Sep 2017 This ever popular event returns on 30th September 2017 through some wonderful Suffolk countryside, so put the date in your diary now! Booking will be via This is a fun event and open to

all types of cyclists, from leisure

More info on:

to more speedy types.

The time allowed is very generous, so there is plenty of time for cafĂŠ stops on the way, should you need.


CTC Suffolk Sunday Rides from Ipswich


START: The Sunday Rides leave St Margaret’s Green, Ipswich at 09:30 sharp unless otherwise shown. If you can’t get to the start by then, phone the ride leader of the day to find a point where you could meet, or join the elevenses stop. The leader can give an indication of the distance between stops. Pick-Up Points: These are a guide based on a 9:30 start. If the ride passes earlier, they will NOT be expected to stop! A - St Augustines Church B - Bourne Bridge 09:40 BR - Bramford Picnic Site 09:45 09:50

Michael Scott 07784 766838

C - Chantry Park, S - Sproughton Wild Man W - Washbrook, bus stop Hadleigh Rd entrance 09:45 top of old A12. 10:00 09:40 WH - Whitton Church TRR - Tuddenham Rd Lane, at Old Norwich Rd. roundabout. 09:35 09:45 You are advised to carry FOOD & DRINK as this is not assured at lunch stops

# Destination to be determined by the leader on the day. An opportunity for a leader volunteer to decide where the ride goes to lunch without predetermination. Also an opportunity for deciding direction on the day to ensure a following wind home! Distances and speeds should accord to the categories set out at the head of the list. NB: ‘Return Home’ indicates these are half day rides aiming to return to Ipswich by approx. 13.00 hours

Winged Wheel


CTC Suffolk Sunday Rides from Ipswich

Ride Type

Ride Explanation (NB: Hills & Headwinds excepted in average speeds)


EASY: Leisurely rides suited to newcomers & those preferring a gentle non-exerting pace. Up to 50 miles for the day. Typical speed 10-12 mph average. MEDIUM TOURING: Suited to club members with some experience preferring a longer ride but at a leisurely pace. 50-70 miles for the day, depending on time of year. Typical speed: 11-13 mph average. MEDIUM PLUS: Suited to experienced club riders preferring a longer ride at a slightly brisker pace in order to cover longer rides than MT. 50-70 miles for the day. Typical speed: 12-15 mph. LONG: Suited to experienced club riders wishing to tour further from Ipswich & at a consistent pace. 70-100 miles for the day. Typical speed 15-18 mph average.

Brevet CTC Suffolk Thursday Rides from Ipswich & Woodbridge Coordinator

START: The Thursday Rides start at 09:30 unless otherwise shown. If you can’t get to the start by then, phone the ride leader of the day to find a point where you could meet, or join the elevenses stop.

Will all leaders please notify their venues of our visit and expected numbers. Leader A should notify the 11’s stop and leader B the 11’s stop and the lunch stop.

The two leaders should coordinate their rides so that the arrival times of their groups at common venues are staggered.

John Bryant 01473 231530

Ride leaders are requested to pass a list of those participating in a ride to the rides coordinator

Brevet CTC Suffolk Thursday Rides from Ipswich & Woodbridge

Boomers on E-Bikes Across Europe, people are living longer. Some countries didn’t just sign up to the Paris environmental agreement but have been taking action (in some cases for many years!) to reduce emissions and get people out of cars and on to bikes. Put those two facts together and you may have a partial explanation for the growth in sales of e-bikes. And people don’t just buy them and put them in the garage or shed, but use them. This has led to a call by the ADFC (The Allgemeiner Deutscher Fahrrad Club), the Cycling Club of Germany, to call for some of the same types of changes the CTC wants to see here in the UK: expansion of cycling infrastructure and safety systems for vehicles, but also more care and attention to elderly cyclists in traffic, saying “the growing 70-plus generation has the right to cycle or e-bike safely; we can’t just say to them ‘get in a car, you’re safer there’”. They believe that the majority of drivers give children on bikes space and are prepared to take avoiding action. But the ADFC president cautions that some elderly people, who have taken up cycling again because of E-bikes, may not have the same level of hearing and the same reaction times as when they were younger, and may not have full stability or control. They argue that police and courts should show as little lenience to drivers who injure an elderly person as they do when children are injured. Here’s the context behind the ADFC views. 50 million Germans cycle, 11 million of them daily. Approximately 10% of journeys are by bike. Politicians are trying to make cycling more attractive, because of the health and fitness benefits, as well as reduction of pollution and congestion.

However, there is a very big BUT. On average one German cyclist is killed every day. Every 7 minutes one cyclist is injured. (Statistics for 2015 show 383 killed and 77,793 injured.) In 75% of collisions with a car, the vehicle driver was at fault. It’s even worse with trucks, where 80% of lorry drivers are to blame for the collision. Between 1991 and 2015 the number of German cyclists aged 65 and over involved in “accidents” has risen from 6,585 to 13,685. With an ever increasing number of people getting e-bikes, the ADFC fears an increase in this level. This isn’t holding people back from cycling. A record 5.2 million cycling holidays were taken by Germans in Germany in 2016, an increase of 16% on 2015. 1 in 3 use trains to get to an area compared with under 5% by plane, so all aspects of their travel are more environmentally friendly. They must have enjoyed their cycling holidays as 84% of them have planned another bike holiday this year, with 36% expecting to cycle elsewhere in Europe and only 5% further from home. The top long distance routes are: 1) Along the river Elbe 2) Along the river Weser or the Ruhr valley 3) The Rhein river route 4) The Danube or the East Coast route 5) Along the river Main 6) Along the Mosel (or Moselle!) 7) Around Lake Constance 8) The Altmühltal route 9) From Lake Constance to Königssee 10)The Oder-Neiße bike route (In 2 cases there were equal percentages.) The average daily distance is 65km. Most use their own bikes but some use sites such as which is the largest e-bike rental network.

Brevet Brevet points, just keeping Peter Evans out of the top six by one point.

Suffolk On The Podium

Concomitant with the points accumulated and distances ridden are two other annual audax awards: one for those riding 10,000 km in the year, the other is the Super Randonneur Series (SR Series). For the first of these both Raymond and David achieved the overall distance required.

In the last Audax year, CTC Suffolk came fourth in the points table. I thought at the time that this would be the apex of the Club’s achievement. Not so: this season, October 2015 to September 2016, the Club has moved up one place to an extremely creditable third, which would have given us a place on the podium, if there were such a thing. This third place is out of 93 other listed CTC clubs.

For the second, the SR Series, an audaxer must ride at least one each of the “classic” distances of 200 km, 300 km, 400 km and 600 km, at a minimum average speed of about 15 kph, so the time allowance for the 200 km is about 13½ hours, and 40 hours for the 600 km. You can see why Audax UK call the Super Randonneurs the top 10% of night riders! Raymond and David qualified and were joined by Ian Reid and Kate Churchill.

Our top six audaxers (only the points of the top six riders for each club are counted ) amassed 375 points, against Peak Audax CTC , who came top with 536 points, and Bristol CTC, who were second with 519 points.

With these outstanding performances it seems another “Well Done!” is due to the small group of club members who ride the audax distances that score points.

The total accumulated points from all Suffolk riders was 469.

And, perhaps, also to those who enjoy riding the socalled “Populaires”, the shorter 100 km and 160 km distances.

Topping Suffolk’s list was a new name, Raymond Cheung, with 112 points, equating to a distance of 11,200 km. Raymond is well known to Suffolk audax riders, though he does ride in Sudbury CC colours. Beaten into second place by only six points was David Coupe with 106, followed by Andy Terry and Ian Reid both on 53 points, then came John Thompson on 28 points and Kate Churchill with 23

Ron Denneur

See also page 18 for details of the Copdock Circuit on 18th March. The next Blaxhall Audax is on 30th September.

Brevet Table Quiz at the Presentation Lunch He is now Foreign Secretary and presumably has to ride to most appointments in a guarded ministerial car. The engineers Watson Watt, Wilkins and Rowe were involved in what important development in the 1930s? These gentlemen worked on RADAR at Bawdsey moving there from the home counties in 1939. Here are the answers that I was looking for when I set the quiz. The judges’ decisions were final, but I almost managed to give the prize to the wrong team until I was put right. My apologies. Part 1 - People. What is the main town in Mrs May's constituency? The PM’s constituency is Maidenhead. In which road in Ipswich would you find a statue of Thomas Wolsey? The statue is near the junction of Silent Street and St Peters Street. There were suggestions at one time I believe that the open paved area the statue stands on could be named Wolsey Place. What area of interest is the television presenter Liz Bonnin principally involved with? Miss Bonnin appears in a number of programmes. Topics include the sciences , natural history, countryside matters and recently in the “Who do you think you are” strand a very moving programme about slavery in the French Caribbean. Which two cycling Olympians got married in 2016? Jason Kenny and Laura Trott. The morning after saw a slightly racy image posted by Jason on social media and copied by some of the national newspapers showing Mrs Kenny after her first night of married life. Boris Johnston is less concerned with cycling in London now than with what role in the cabinet?

Who was killed by Vikings in Hoxne in 869 or 870? Edmund, the saxon King was killed by raiders, allegedly being roped to a tree now marked by a cross. As a christian king he was taken as a martyr becoming the root of the development of the abbey at Bury St Edmunds, and a long lost12th Century foundation at Hoxne. Which town in Suffolk is the pop star Ed Sheeran associated with? Although not born there, Ed, one of the pop stars of the moment, was brought up in Framingham where he is becoming involved in ‘good works.’ Part 2 Places Who in fiction was based at 221B Baker Street? Sherlock Holmes and Dr Watson in the classic Conan Doyle tales. What activity takes place at Wogan House in the west end of London? I accepted ‘the BBC’ or radio broadcasting for this. The building in Langham Place that houses the national radio studios was renamed last year in honour of the late broadcaster. Whose principal residence is at Anmer Hall in North Norfolk? I was nearly caught out on this one as Prince William announced his resignation from piloting the Air Ambulance and an intention to relocate back to the London Palaces the week before the lunch.

Brevet Who arrived at Elveden Hall in 1863 following an Imperial power struggle in the 1840’s? Duleep Singh the last Maharaja of the Punjab left his country after some shenanigans involving Queen Victoria’s government and the East India company. He finally settled at Elveden for long enough to order the decorating that was finally broken up by the infamous week long auction of fixtures and fittings held in May 1984. Otley Hall is associated with the founding of which country? Bartholomew Gosnold left his home in 1602 to be a leader of the great adventure that became the Colony of Virginia, later one of the original United States of America. What is special about Martlesham Heath and Felixstowe in the context of the history of flight? The air bases were the home of test flying in the UK for aircraft and seaplanes respectively from 1917 until the outbreak of the Second World War. The centenary is to be marked this July with the principal events on the weekend of the 8th July. See Martlesham Heath Aviation Society media publicity for further details. Akenfield is a fictionalised Suffolk village. Who wrote about it? Ronald Blythe originally wrote his book about the agricultural labouring life in 1969. In 1974 a film was made staring local personality Peggy Cole. She created her own Akenfield garden at her home in Charsfield, now closed following her death. An altercation at Akenham church near Ipswich in August 1878 brought about a change in which laws? In 1878 a child born Akenham to a poor labouring family died unbaptised as was often the case. The rector of Claydon was widely disliked as he was felt to be too catholic in his views for a C of E vicar. It came as no surprise that he would not

offer a plot for the dead baby in the churchyard. On the day of the funeral the service was taken by a non-conformist minister at the church gates. The rector attended to prevent the burial party entering the church grounds. Harsh words were exchanged and a ‘breach of the peace’ occurred. It is suggested this was a media ‘sting’ as the non-conformist minister was not local but a journalist from a religious magazine. The events became a national media sensation, that only ended when the parliament of the day passed the 1880 Burials Act that clarified the rules for burial of unbaptised people. Who was Huntingdon's most famous/notorious MP? Two have 'ruled' parliament. A bonus point for both. I was original thinking of Oliver Cromwell who ended up as Lord Protector following the English Civil War until my quiz testers all answered, John Major the Prime Minister from 1990-97. He was MP for Huntingdonshire as the constituency is now known and Edwina Currie’s alleged secret lover. What begins in Suffolk and ends at Catthorpe in Leicestershire? The A14 is officially classified as a Trunk Road from Felixstowe to this village that is dominated by the meeting point of the A14, M1 and M6. An example of what important medieval artefact is exhibited at Hereford Cathedral? The cathedral chapter house has a copy of the Mapa Mundi the document that records the geography of the world as late medieval people understood it. What is the significance of the islets of Muckle Flugga and Out Stack in Scotland ? These are the most northerly land masses in the British Isles. The lighthouse on Muckle Flugga was the most northerly inhabited building until it was automated in 1995.

Brevet Cyclist Speedy

167.6 KM / HOUR That’s much more than 100 km/hr than I have travelling at that speed on two wheels on ever been on a bike! loose gravel, was that his bike was made of components that anybody can buy off But then, I’m not in the business of setting the shelf. OK, they’re top quality serial cycling speed records, unlike Austrian components in his mountain bike but Markus “Max” Stöckl, who over the years has standard ones nevertheless, with nothing set records at Les Arcs in France and also on being specially custom made. a Nicaraguan volcano. The most recent incredible feat was on a nameless mountain If you want to replicate one small part of 4000 m up in the Atacama region of the his effort, stick your hand out of a car Chilean desert, selected for its perfect angle window when you’re driving at 150 to 160 of 45 degrees. km/h – you’ll have to find somewhere abroad to do that legally! Feel the impact He claimed that reaching 100 and then 120 of the wind resistance at those speeds km/h was straight forward, but as the descent and imagine the effort of cycling against ran out it “it’s hard to reach top speed. After that. 160, each km/h is a huge effort. If you want to reach a certain goal, then you have to put RedBullTV will be showing a it all in.” documentary of this incredible ride on April 20th. The amazing thing, alongside the staggering speed and the sheer bravery of somebody

Brevet Pavement Cycling In our mention of Freiherr von Drais’s invention of his “running machine” (Page 9) there was mention of the fact that riders took to using pavements because these did not suffer from the wheel ruts on the unsurfaced roads. This ultimately led to a ban on using his Draisien on pavements. Is that the origin of the pavement cycling ban? Now, one country has taken one step to remove the ban on cycling on pavements. We already know that children are too young to be prosecuted for riding on pavements so the proverbial blind eye is turned to this happening. But what do you do when accompanying a young child and you don’t have Dutch style separate bike lanes and for your own

child’s safety you want them on the pavement? Germany changed its laws in December 2016 to allow a parent to accompany a child aged 8 or under, so both can cycle on a pavement, as long as appropriate care and attention is given to the other pavement users - i.e. pedestrians, but also other children and possible their accompanying parent(s). A first reaction is that this is adjusting the law to what is probably quite a common practice, and removes the requirement of an ever more busy but smaller police force to take action against this category of pavement cycling. What do you think?

Brevet Success: The Son’s View E-Trike David Kemp advised his father to get an e-trike I’ve worked at events promoting cycling to the general public and I’d be a rich man if I had a penny for every time someone had told me they were too old/unfit to take up cycling – many of them barely middle aged. In reality their inability to cycle was usually in the mind. Comedian Dr Phil Hammond says he likes to prescribe a dog (that needs regular walking) to patients suffering from sedentary lifestyleinduced ailments. However, prescribing a bike would be more beneficial all round (esp. as it doesn’t leave unwanted deposits on the footpath). The truth is that cycling can be tailored to accommodate almost any disability / unfitness - if you have at least one functioning limb you can probably find a bike of some sort to suit - if the spirit is willing. After serious back problems reduced his ability to walk, my father found that cycling was the one form of exercise he could still enjoy without pain. Heart problems caused further complications but this was addressed with electric assistance and for 10 years through his 70’s he enjoyed regular use of his electric assisted bike. But in his 80th year he started losing his balance on two wheels and this led to frequent tumbles, risking serious injury. On one occasion cycling alone, he lost momentum, fell off into the hedge with the bike on top of him and was unable to move. Some time elapsed before a passing motorist stopped to pull him out. Lying in the hedge (fortunately unhurt) gave him time to consider the options: either give up cycling and be restricted to car + wheelchair or consider the lusciously expensive idea that I had suggested – of

buying an electrically-assisted recumbent trike. Bikefix (in London) had just taken delivery of the latest HPVelotechnik Scorpion+ 20 trike with the new Swissdrive electric assistance system: it fitted my father’s requirements perfectly. A test ride soon confirmed it. Stuart (manager of Bikefix) is a most trusting fellow (or a very shrewd judge of character). He gently lifted £5000 of shiny new trike off the display stand and carried it into the street for my father to try, equipping me with the non-electric version of the same trike to accompany him. The two of us then set off through the streets of Camden, leaving only my father’s walking stick as a deposit! We eventually found a suitable hill to test the electric assistance to the full: the Swissdrive system is surely the Rolls Royce of Pedalec power. The assistance comes in so smoothly and totally silently the instant you start to pedal that you hardly realise it’s happening: it’s easy to fondly imagine you’ve been suddenly endowed with supernatural strength, until becoming conscious of being pushed gently back into the comfy seat by a force greater than your own. Needless to say, hill starts are a breeze. We thought of heading for the coast, but being honest fellows we returned to the shop to place an order. This trike has been designed to assist elderly, infirm or disabled riders. For example the seating position is available in three heights: we opted for the middle position (approx. the same height as an ordinary dining chair). There is a long list of optional accessories that cater for most types of disability; for example sticks that help you lower/raise yourself from the seat. Mounting brackets to carry crutches or walking aids, special pedals to hold a

Brevet gammy foot, arm rests, adaption for singlehanded control, etc.

that engages with a socket to support the upper part of the frame over the lower).

But this is no invalid cart. It’s a huge amount of fun to ride – at any age. It has street cred and attracts wows and waves from youngsters (often the first to mock anything that smacks of infirmity).

It makes a surprisingly compact package that fits into a large estate car, without needing to fold the back seat down. The problem for my father was how to lift the folded package off the ground. We thought about mobile folding tripods and pulleys but in the end a pair of simple homemade wooden ramps did the job.

There are five levels of power assistance: On the lowest setting it allows you a good workout but still taking the pain out of steep hills while on the highest level (used by my father) gentle pedalling will enable good speed to be maintained across all terrain. Riding in the moderately undulating countryside of south Hertfordshire he has been recharging after about 40 miles. Another neat feature of the Swissdrive is the reverse gear - that allows you to drive backwards at approx 4mph. This is great when you overshoot a turning or have to pull back into a passing place on a narrow lane to let someone pass. Otherwise, for an elderly rider, climbing out of the trike to turn it round could be a long winded manoeuvre. Also there is a regenerative braking mode that’s useful for long downhills. 27 speed Shimano Deore gearing allows riding most terrain even without the electric assistance if necessary. Hydraulic disc brakes have awesome stopping power and independent suspension units on each wheel soak up the bumps and prevent the front end pitching if one wheel drops into a pothole. For those who appreciate quality German engineering, every detail will be a delight. The folding mechanism is a case in point and always elicits a ‘wow’ from onlookers as this leviathan of a machine appears to silently snap in half and fold into an intricate pile of tubes and wheels (although of course there is a purpose-made bracket

The folded trike will roll on its front wheels but the central transverse frame bar still needs to be lifted clear of the ground, and this too was beyond my father’s ability. So we made a simple trolley board that clips onto the frame. The board is fitted with a 5” wheel either side and the whole package then rolls smoothly up the ramp into the car. The ramps fold in half and stores under the trike. My Father uses the trike almost daily from his home, but the ability to transport it by car means he can take it on holidays, family outings or any venue where he needs personal mobility. For further info on the spec. Please follow link to the HP website: plus20/fahrwerk_e.html

This was David’s view. His father’s thoughts are on the next page.

Brevet E-Trike Success: the Father Eddie Kemp gives his views on his e-trike The contrast between being very unsteady on my feet and in imminent danger of falling over, to flying along in a comfortable chair at up to 15 mph for 20 miles or more on the Scorpion trike is a dramatic, almost unbelievable experience. The motor is completely silent and the power assist comes in so smoothly that at first I hardy realised I was being assisted at all, until I realised that I was gliding up a steep hill with only a light load on the pedals! I am now confident of ascending any reasonable hill without exceeding my heart rate limit. Just choose the right gear (1 to 27) and the right power level (1 to 5). I have achieved over 45 miles on a single charge, but 30 miles is more cautious, to ensure arriving back with a comfortable reserve in hand. Suspension is excellent and stability is adequate – just don’t try a tight turn at high speed: Remember it has a higher seat level than average for recumbents (to assist access for elderly riders). The hydraulic disc brakes are sensitive and very powerful. Cyclists close behind you should beware! The ability to use power in reverse has proved useful when confronted with traffic on single track lanes, and surprises appreciative car drivers. The low forward speed without pedalling is another trick, but less useful in practice. The other feature I had not expected is the high rate of acceleration that can be achieved from a standing start. This is a great help when crossing busy roads or

pulling away at traffic lights: Select top power level (5) and press briskly on the pedals, the power assistance instantly matches your effort and the result is a flying start! After years on an upright bicycle I did at first feel more vulnerable in traffic on a recumbent trike. The supplied flag was too short and not sufficiently eye-catching. It has been replaced by a 1.5 metre pole with a colourful ‘whirligig’ attached. It may not be practical in high winds, but certainly improves visible impact and hopefully safety. The ‘eye-watering’ cost of the trike can be somewhat offset by two factors: the Scorpion is imported from Germany and costed in Euros which are currently falling in value; and it is classed as a mobility aid for people with appropriate disabilities and can therefore be purchased VAT-free. Also, for the elderly with declining health & mobility it is less painful to think of the cost in terms of the number of weeks one might delay the need to enter a nursinghome. That makes it seem well worth the sacrifice! Written May 2015

A great story! Wonderful to hear of this extension of a cycling “career”. Shame that the pound has since lost value against other currencies.

Brevet Foldylock In the January-March edition of Winged Wheel, we reported on the ever present risk of bike thefts in Suffolk, or everywhere for that matter! The need for locks has existed for centuries

“Since we have locks to safeguard necessaries” Shakespeare (King Henry V, I, ii) Now Hank Cinq didn’t have a bike as far as Shakespeare let on - but as the clocks go back one hour, crime statistics show that many types of theft crimes rise. When you got out on a ride and stop for the all important “Coffee, Tea & Cakes”, what do you use to secure your bike? It needs to be not too heavy to carry, not too easy to crack, not too rigid to get round some objects, but flexible enough to fold down for simple carrying: the real “Goldylocks” position for a bike lock. What is the main problem of the more secure bike locks? Weight! They really are heavy and cumbersome. I tried carrying one in plastic clamp; if my riding was just the occasional few minutes, that would have been fine for quite some time, but I did several thousand kilometres that year and the plastic fitting just wasn’t up to the weight (and the bumps and vibration of riding some of the local roads and lanes), and snapped. The free warranty replacement didn’t even last as long as the first one. So, do you compromise? I have a “café lock” that is light and which I use when I pull up for a quick refuel at a shop or café, but I’m pretty sure it could be cut by pliers in seconds, let alone bolt cutters. So, do you wear a rucksack or clip on a pannier just to carry your bike lock? Or go the new “Foldylock” route. The Foldylock Compact bike lock is a

fascinating design and gives you a wonderful balance between weight and anti-theft protection. Being typically British, I was a bit sceptical when Shahaf Levi, the company’s chief designer, said “we believed we can do it better”; as a nationality I think we Brits are more given to understatement and tend to distrust the brash. He continued “The Foldylock Compact has a smoother function, better design, better protection, better user experience, better size, better look and feel – just BETTER”. And – almost grudgingly - I have to say that he is right. Take a look at the product image and you will see that the lock is made of six hardened steel links with a reinforced military-grade UV treated polymer moulding over the top. It makes the lock both "friendly" to your bike’s paint job and protects it against extreme conditions meaning it will maintain its fresh look for a long time and won't rust. It is constructed from hardened anti-drilling components, so it is built to resist a load of violent abuse, and is “Sold Secure”.

Brevet Bike Flexible Some people would be happy to come up with one revolutionary new bike design, but Mark Groendal, who created the “Slingshot” bike, has done it again: this time he has a “flexible flyer”, with his Altercycle.

It looks like that a drop bar road version will be available from about the Spring and prices start at a modest $750.

These bikes have a curved downtube. So far, not that different. But the curved downtube is also flexible, because of its flattened, curved shape. This doesn’t just smooth out the bumps in the road, but is claimed to provide a subtle performance boost with each pedal stroke. The down tubes are also interchangeable and can be swapped out in less than 5 minutes using a torx driver. This gives the rider the opportunity to select different types of suspension according to the ride as well as to switch colour.

8:00 am: 200k Diss Dander 9:00 am: 100k Diss Dawdle Either counts as a Norfolk CTC medal ride

Cost of entry: £7.00 for CTC/Cycling UK + Audax members Route sheets and GPS tracks provided Free refreshments

Tom Elkins 01603 452657 -

Brevet Road Club Wolsey Spring is here, the sun is higher in the sky and the birds and frogs are active, I have also spied a few bare knees on the road, and that must make it officially spring. Maureen organised a very successful joint Wolsey and CTC Suffolk Prize Presentation lunch at Fynn Valley Golf Club, in very pleasant surroundings. The man taking home the most Wolsey trophies was Steve Cave, although Karen Eaton and Cliff Matthews took the top awards. On 29th February a good gathering of club members had made theur way to Bredfield Village Hall for the Reliability Trial, to beheld over 50 and 100km. Eighty one riders set out on a bright but cool morning with several Wolsey members participating and a good number helping Karen with organising the signing on and refreshments. As members start to plan their racing year, I wonder who will improve, who will ride in which events and sportives and most of all who will most enjoy their competitive year. Some have already started their season with a few early races and reliability trials, but there is so much to look forward to. We are now very lucky that there is so much coverage of cycling on TV but this will not get us fit so we need to get out of that comfy chair, wipe down the bike and get out there for another season of good results.

Looking forward to our next promotion we need as many helpers as we can get for the Wolsey Open 25 at Bungay on Easter Sunday 16th April, so if you are not racing or doing anything on that day you would be very welcome. Bob Quarton is now the Club Chairman leading our committee this year and after our move to Hadleigh your Secretary’s new address, phone and email is: Wheelers, Toppesfield Mill House, Tinkers Lane, Hadleigh IP7 5NG. 01473 810132. new email : I hope to see you up the road somewhere soon and may the breeze always be on your back

Ken Nichols

Brevet in the Snow Cycling This put me to shame: having come off my bike rather painfully on black ice 3 years ago, I decided against cycling earlier this year with a few snowflakes in the air. What would the participants at the 2nd Borealis Fat Bike World Championships have thought, when they turned up at Crested Butte, which had received 12 feet of snow in January alone?! Bikes to be entered into the event required a minimum of 3.5” tires running a maximum of 10 psi. Wide tires at low pressures allow fat bikes to float on snow or sand instead of creating a trench in it like a more traditional mountain bike would.

or snow. After a meeting at the 1999 Interbike, Mark Gronewald of Wildfire Designs Bicycles in Alaska brought the Molina rims and tires back home. In 2001, Gronewald trademarked the term “Fat Bike” and brought it to the mainstream. In 2005, Surly was the first major manufacturer to get into the Fat Bike market with the Pugsley frame.

Crested Butte, the tiny town of about 1800 permanent residents sits at the foot of the Elk Mountains of Colorado. Though usually associated with skiing in the winter, bike culture runs deep. In the summer, Crested Butte and the Gunnison Valley boast over 750 miles of single-track biking. Crested The emergence of Fat Bikes came from two Butte Mountain Bike Association (CBMBA), sources at the same time in the late 80’s. reputedly the oldest mountain bike club, First, there was Steve Baker from Alaska, maintains trails there on a year-round who was welding together 2 or 3 traditional basis. rims and then adapting frames and forks that would allow for the extra width. At the same The oldest mountain biking event in the time, Ray Molina of New Mexico world, the Pearl Pass Tour, will celebrate commissioned Remolino to produce a 3.1” its 41st annual ride from Crested Butte to rim, 3.5” tires, and compatible frames. Aspen in September of 2017. In the winter, Though the two were designing for locals wanted to keep riding, and Fat Bikes completely different climates, the goal was have found their natural home there. the same, float on the soft surface be it sand

BrevetUber Rival Urban Continuing this edition’s focus on e-bikes, here are some details about the “Copenhagen Wheel”, not from Denmark but out of MIT in Boston, USA.

It also provides a wealth of data to enhance cycling and physical wellness, and a self-diagnostic system within the wheel, designed to increase safety and reliability. Personal data and ride modes are accessed through a mobile app that partners with the Copenhagen Wheel in real-time.

Superpedestrian’s Copenhagen Wheel is described as a semi-autonomous vehicle that transforms almost any bike into a smart, electric hybrid by replacing its rear wheel. It was designed to preserve the pure experience of riding a bike, including the delicate motions of balancing and steering while providing the rider with superpowers.

“We packed a sophisticated electric vehicle into the rear wheel of a bicycle,” said Assaf Biderman, founder and CEO of Superpedestrian. “It allows us to transform the quality of products in the industry, remove middlemen, and make technologies that have never been available on electric bikes affordable to mass markets.”

Special sensors and computers learn how a rider pedals and integrate organically with his or her motion, amplifying power up to ten times.

Riders can get a customized Copenhagen Wheel that will perfectly fit the bike they love. For more information and to buy the Copenhagen Wheel, you need to visit This is how the company sees themselves: “Superpedestrian is a personal robotic mobility company. Founded out of MIT with operations starting in 2013, Superpedestrian’s mission is to develop new vehicles for personal transportation offering compelling alternatives to the car as we know it.” They have now been recognised as one of the “World’s top 25 startups that the world may not be able to live without” by CNBC.

Brevet Collection Moulton

Diss CTC sent a copy of their “Cyclone” magazine which contained this interesting story.

Dave's collection has grown almost by chance: he picked up one bike at a VCC jumble sale and another one at a Moulton owners' rally.

'That man from Norwich who rides the small-wheeled bike', was how a Diss member somewhat disparagingly described Dave Cannon on his Moulton- or, more correctly, one of his 8 complete Moultons, as I discovered riding back with Dave from Goodies cafe one Sunday morning.

Alex Moulton was an innovative engineer who made his name first with the rubber suspension used in the early Minis. He turned his attention to bikes in the 1960s, prompted by the hike in oil prices following the Suez crisis.

Dave's collection began in 1986 when he was in a Norwich bike shop called 'Whippet Cycles' and saw, hanging on a wall, two used Moultons, dating from the mid-60s. He was told he could have them both for £40, so bought them for no particular reason and with no prior interest. And the rest, as they say, is history. Dave still has these original purchases. His third bike came to him, when a walker saw him on his Moulton and said he had 'one of those, no use to him now and would he like it?'

Dave says that it is as though the bikes find him, rather than him having to seek them out.

Following the example of the Mini, the original Moultons had small wheels and rubber springs, and Dave, with a background in the motor trade, found himself fascinated by the design of the bikes. The history of the Moultons is well documented: go on to the Moulton website and read more about the history of this iconic brand from the first F frame made for the mass market in the early 1960s, through the development of the spaceframe AM bike to the New Series introduced in 1998. You can pay up to £16,000 for a bespoke NS built by hand at Bradford-on-Avon. The annual Moulton owners' rally at Bradford-on-Avon attracts enthusiasts from across the world, with cyclists from Korea and Japan prepared to offer crazy prices for mint examples. Moulton is unique, in spite of the vogue for folding small-wheeled bikes from Brompton and Dahon. Talk to Dave Cannon and you'll be inspired by his enthusiasm.

Brevet Over The Hedge With a sigh of relief, many cyclists will be welcoming spring as you read this magazine. There are many signs of spring, not least the sense of feeling warm for the first time in long while. I suppose one of the signs I look out for are the first flowering of spring plants. Cherry Plum is often the first. Commonly mistaken for Blackthorn that tends to grow in a thicket, Cherry Plum is a shrub that appears in our hedgerows and is really a wild cherry. The white flowers appear before the leaves in March and give regular patches of colour to the hedgerows that have seemed so drab through the winter. Hawthorn generally produces its leaves first and flowers a couple of months later, giving its alternative name of May. On the grass verges, as the Cherry Plum flowers above, the first yellow flowers of Lesser Celandine appear. These used to be associated with Buttercups but are now in a group of their own. Whilst buttercups have five petals, Lesser Celandine has eight to twelve (if you count a few, they always seem different). The bright yellow petals are thought to attract early insects to pollinate the flowers. Recent studies suggest the colour and shape of the flower may focus the Sun’s heat, making them an attractive, warm refuge for insects emerging early in the year. I was introduced to this plant by a teacher at school in the 1960s. He explained that it had another name – “Pilewort.” It acquires this local name from the fact that it has tubers attached to its roots, used as storage organs through the winter, rather like a potato. However, these tubers also resemble haemorrhoids, hence the name. The suffix “…wort” to a plant’s name is a clue that it may have been associated with the Doctrine of Signatures.

Throughout history, people have recognised that some plants have herbal properties that may be used to their benefit, either by promoting better health or by curing illness or injury. Many have become quite famous such as the bark for Willow that led researchers to discover Aspirin, or the Foxglove that produces digoxin used in heart treatment. Currently 25% of Western pharmaceuticals are derived from rainforest materials, but only 1% of plants of the Amazon have so far been tested. What a resource lies there. In the 16th and 17th century, The Doctrine of Signatures applied a theological explanation to some of these remedies by suggesting that the Almighty had made plants, or parts of plants, to resemble the organs that they should treat. He did this so that mankind could easily recognise the purpose of creating these plants. The spotted leaves of Lungwort resembled the lungs and were for breathing disorders. The tubers of orchids resembled testicles, but before you race out to collect these, they are protected species! And I shall leave out the details of “orchidectomy” as a treatment for certain cancers. So our humble yellow Celandine was thought to be cure for piles. The name Celandine actually comes from the Greek “chelidon” which means swallow. The return of the swallow was another sign of spring happening at around the same time as the flowers opened. They are certainly a cheery site beside the lanes of Suffolk and around the UK. Spring is on the way.

Hedge watcher

Brevet Last Word Well, what did you think of this E-Bike Special? In part, it came

as well as my particular interests. But you would probably not be happy to

down to the contributions

have some blank pages, so they have

received. Want Winged Wheel

to be filled somehow, and you can see

to be about other things? That’s

that in this issue again, many of the

quite simple: send in some stories or articles for inclusion.

pages were MY content. Over to you. Time to get writing and

As I have said before, I have always thought that this should be the

emailing so there is plenty to fill the next issues (plural!). Thank you!

magazine of the Suffolk CTC as a whole and not just my thoughts & ramblings,




Electric cars on the roads in Germany.

E-bikes on the roads in Germany

Austria Had e-bike subsidies. 77,000 sold in 2015. (Subsidy has now ended.)

Bikes Tour of the Netherlands - P 14

Photos by David Kemp: Family Bike Tour in the Netherlands - P 14 - 18



Winged Wheel 274 · 2017 Q2  

CTC Suffolk Winged Wheel Apr-May-June 2017

Winged Wheel 274 · 2017 Q2  

CTC Suffolk Winged Wheel Apr-May-June 2017