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New Harmonies in Georgia Questionnaire for Sites

Native American Music 1. Are there any exhibits in your area that reference Native American music and/or dancing? 2. Are there any events in your area that usually showcase Native American music, such as pow-wows? 3. What is the history of Native American groups in your community or region, and do these groups still have a presence there? 4. Are there any Native American artists in your community or region? Sacred (consider both black and white church and music traditions from your community and region) 1. What role does sacred music play in your community today? 2. Do the older churches in your community have any potential stories (i.e. singing groups, a longtime choir director, an organist who has played at the church for decades, etc.) that should be told by New Harmonies of Georgia? Please be sure to include both white and African American churches. 3. Are there any shape-note singings held regularly in your area in the white and the African American communities? 4. Are there any camp meeting grounds in your community or region? Are there stories connected with these places? 5. Are there anniversary singings or other annual singings held in local churches or church communities? Again, please consider both white and black communities. 6. Do any radio stations in your area have a rich history of live gospel singing performances or, more recently, releasing CDs of local or regional singers or groups? Local gospel and country performers often appeared on live radio in the 1930s through the 1950s, but some communities still have strong gospel music programming on the radio. 7. What types of gospel singings are still occurring in your community or region, in both the black and white communities? Where are these singings occurring? 8. Have there been any well-known local or regional gospel artists in your region? Please consider family singing groups, gospel quartets, men’s choirs, etc. 9. Is there any particular type of sacred music that is important to your community today?

String Bands, Bluegrass, and Early Country Music 1. Are there any venues in your area that book bluegrass or old-time music performances (i.e. bluegrass barns, restaurants that host live music, etc.)? 2. Were there any string-band or bluegrass contests or festivals in your region?

3. If any local stations had live gospel performers, did those same stations host string bands or other old-time music performers? Did the gospel performers play any secular songs that might be classified as old-time string band, bluegrass, or country music? 4. Was there a local radio station in your community in the 1920s or 1930s? What was the station and do you know anything about the performers who played on the station? 5. Was there any locally or regionally known old-time, bluegrass, or early country musicians from your community or region? Who are they, and do you know of any recordings that might have been done of these musicians? Are these recordings still available? Blues, Travelling Shows, and Public Entertainment 1. Are there any older theaters, opera houses, or restaurants in town that hosted live music in the late nineteenth and early twentieth century? What kinds of stories are still told about these venues? 2. Is there any documentation (newspaper articles, photographs, the records of an old opera house or theater, etc.) as to what kind of musical performers came to town in the late nineteenth and early twentieth century? 3. Are there any noteworthy blues performers from your town or the surrounding area? 4. Is your city or county namedropped in any blues songs (An example of this would be Barbecue Bob’s “Waycross, Georgia Blues”)? There is no guarantee that there will be any songs that mention your town, but it would be worthwhile and fun to do some quick research and find out. 5. Have you heard of any performers from minstrel shows or the “Chitlin Circuit” who were from your region? 6. Were there other venues where public entertainment might have been heard, such as African American cafes or clubs? Work and Protest Songs 1. Is there any documentation of songs sung by local textile mill workers while they worked or were on strike? 2. Did the local textile mills sponsor a community orchestra or singing group (an example of this would be the Sewell Singers in Bremen)? 3. Are you familiar with other work songs performed in different workplaces in your region? For example, the “Gandy Dancers” sang work songs as they lined the railroad track. 4. Are any local musical traditions or songs tied to farming and farm work, including work performed by enslaved Africans? 5. Do any local stories tied to the Civil Rights Movement involve freedom or protest songs? 6. Are there any Civil Rights activists in your area you could contact about potentially speaking about freedom songs at one of your local New Harmonies-related programs? Georgia Roots of Popular Music

1. Are there any local artists in your area performing music that fits this category (Americana, southern rock, modern country, etc.)? Who are they and what are their roots? 2. Are there any past or current recording artists from your area who embraced and borrowed from the sounds of roots music? 3. Does your community or region have any contemporary recording artists? Who are they and what type of music do they sing? 4. Were there any honky-tonks, juke joints, or other similar places where musicians played for a local audience in the years after World War II? If so, please tell us more about these places and the music that was performed here. Be sure to include both the white and African American communities. Old Roots in New Places: Immigrant Music 1. Do local immigrant groups perform music from their country at local festivals or churches? 2. Is that a Spanish-language mass at the Catholic churches in your region? 3. Are there Spanish language services at any Protestant churches in your community? Are there any Spanish churches in your community? 4. Are there any foreign language radio stations or newspapers in your area that might be interested in getting involved with New Harmonies? 5. Do you have other types of immigrant groups in your community or region? Who are they and what presence do they have in your community Folk Music Revival 1. Are there any local colleges or universities that have (or had) choruses, bands, or any other musical ensembles? Examples of these types of singing groups include the Ballad Girls at Berry College or the Glee Club at Morehouse University that often performs old sacred tunes and spirituals. We are also interested in the marching band traditions at historically-black high schools and college. 2. Have you heard of any “folk music revival� events sponsored by local colleges or universities? An example would be the folk music festivals held by Fort Valley College in the 1940s and 1950s. 3. Have any folklorists worked in your area to preserve local music and culture? Who are they and what have they collected? If you know of archival materials in your community or region, please include that information here. 4. Are there any contemporary folk singers from your community or region? (e.g. Norman and Nancy Blake)


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