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f a decade could exhibit the symptoms of being bi-polar, then surely the 1950s would have been diagnosed with this disorder. On the surface it was stay at home moms as portrayed by June Cleaver in “Leave it to Beaver.” Disneyland opened. Families watched television together (because there was only one TV ). Baseball was the national sport. America began a mass vaccination program against polio. Cadillac introduced the tail fin in ’48, but the look gained its icon prominence throughout the Fifties. The U.S. economy and population was booming with 4 million babies born every year during the 50s. More people were living in or near big cities instead of more rural locations. The term suburbia was introduced as developments like Levittown began to spring up. Men (most having returned from service during WWII just five years earlier) went to work everyday while women (mothers) stayed at home and tended to the duties of raising a family and minding the house. Children that had experienced rationing during the war were becoming teenagers in the early to mid fifties. It was to this middle-class, white-washed, Disneyesque image that a social and political undercurrent began to bubble. Negroes (to use the vernacular of the times) were beginning to publically challenge the cultural and political systems that had for so long relegated them to second-class citizens as observed in the Jim Crow South and with laws such as the Mann Act (which would later have an affect upon

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