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Sleeves: inside the album cover was a simple plain white envelop designed to protect the record from undo scratching was a paper lining. Think of a shirt sleeve inside a jacket. As album sales grew sleeves, like cover art, developed as well. Usually they were printed with the song lyrics along with additional information about the producers, engineers and additional musicians that contributed to the album. Turntable: the electronic appliance on which you played music. This was also called; and this might surprise you… a record player. Believe it or not but records were the object was one of the first consumer “format wars.” If you’re old enough to remember Beta vs VHS, that had nothing on the introduction of recorded music for the masses. Needle: Literally a metal point that tracked inside the groove of the record and reproduced the sounds in analog by ‘reading’ the subtle high and low bumps as they were transferred to the record during the recording process. For the original 78s the needles were larger as the grooves in the records were wider. Stylus: In the 70s record players became status symbols and subsequently an expensive piece of equipment. As such, the single and simple needle was replaced by a cartridge that had the needle built in to it. This unit was the stylus. I don’t know if it provided a better sound but it was certainly more expensive. Tonearm (arm): A free moving part of the turntable that allowed the needle to track in the groove. Like the stylus, this essential piece of the turntable became more complex and expensive. High end players boasted tonearms that were lighter and more precisely

8 | The World’s Hardest Music Trivia

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WH Trivia  

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