Volume 71, Issue 20 Feb. 18–March 2, 2011
INSIDE: Your 2011–12 SFUO executive revealed p. 5–7 Dear professor: It’s you, not me p. 23
The City of Ottawa opens its doors to immigration, and invites you to make Ottawa your new home. Explore ottawa.ca/immigration to find out more about immigrating to Canada’s capital.
This project is supported by the Government of Ontario 2011018036
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EDITOR-IN-CHIEF Amanda Shendruk | email@example.com | (613) 562 5261
“Prude” is problematic, too Re: What a slut (Opinion, Feb. 3, 2011)
I JUST FINISHED reading the article on slut-shaming in the Feb. 2 issue of the paper and thought it was a well-done article that made very important points. However, I feel that the while what the author wrote was generally spot-on, they missed a certain dynamic of the problems facing the development of a healthy sexuality in what they didn’t write. That is, while social stigmas and labels that repress women’s sexuality and shame them for being sexually expressive are certainly incredibly harmful, there are equally pernicious media and social pressures and labels which push young women to be sexualized, perhaps against what they would choose in the absence of such pressures. I have absolutely no issue with a woman choosing to be sexually expressive, if that is her personality and individual choice. The sticking point is that the (largely male-dominated) media and social forces pressure young women to be sexual, to wear revealing clothing, etcetera, but then shame them when they are sexually active or expressive. Both of these two prongs are equally repres-
sive, but I feel as though the former point is more rarely discussed, particularly amongst younger people. The development of new, equally false, social standards for sex is a development that creates, in essence, a lose-lose situation for young women: choose to be sexual and get labelled one way that’s hurtful, chose not to be and get labelled in an equally hurtful way. Labelling a woman who is sexually active or wears a shirt that shows cleavage a “slut” is incredibly problematic, but it is equally problematic to label a woman who chooses to dress conservatively, or doesn’t much like to discuss her sexuality in public as being “repressed” or a “prude”: all of these choices, as with every choice we all make, are equally informed by surrounding social and media context, but none are less valid for that fact. Moreover, no one lives their sexuality at one end of the spectrum their entire lives: context, company, and a million other details determine exactly how sexy or sexual any woman (or man) wants to be. I propose the following, fellow students: A woman being open about her sexuality, wearing clothing that’s revealing, or choosing to have sex doesn’t
make her a “slut” or a “whore”; those are hurtful and demeaning labels which we should stop using. Equally true, though, is that a woman who may be uncomfortable, for any number of reasons, openly discussing her sexuality, dresses in a conservative manner, or doesn’t much care to sleep with you on that third date isn’t a “prude”, a “bitch”, “repressed”, or “frigid”; these labels are also hurtful and we should also stop using them. The patriarchy is a hydra with many heads to slay; let’s not get so caught up fighting one of them that another can fatally wound us. Carter Vance First-year psychology student Stalking Fulcrum employees UPON ARRIVING ON campus this morning I was struck by the sight of a man pulling a dolly, delivering a stack of the latest Fulcrum. What I found surprising was the man’s delivery method. The man proceeded to empty a Fulcrum vending box, (located outside Simard) which was still full of unread copies from last week’s issue, and placed the old copies on top of the vending box (leaving the
old issues extremely vulnerable to the elements). As the man with the dolly walked away, and the discarded papers blew into the wind (and subsequently fell onto the ground), I grew angry and decided to shadow the man with the dolly. As I followed close behind the delivery man, and the crowds began to dissolve, I could tell he was beginning to grow suspicious. After following him from Simard to the basement of Morriset I decided to drop it and go to class. I never learned what happened to the rest of the forgotten papers. Th is incident made me realize something: Why does the Fulcrum print so many copies of each edition? The paper is (usually) printed every week which is fi ne, but why so many copies? Do advertisers pay more per number of issues printed? I see Fulcrum newspaper stands virtually untouched on a regular basis and more than once I have seen a Fulcrum crony carry a stack of at least 50 issues directly from a newsstand to a recycling bin. Th is seems like an egregious waste of resources. Perhaps the Fulcrum should begin to focus more on quality, rather than quantity. Bradley Dunseith Second-year anthropology student
The Fulcrum is holding elections for next year’s editorial board. If you have a passion for student journalism, come join the fastpaced and exciting life of a Fulcrum editor!
Election controversy on Twitter The #sfuoexln hashtag prompts engagement -- and flame wars
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Don’t feed the trolls Anti-gaming advocacy and the wrong way to respond to bullshit
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Your SFUO executive for 2011–12 revealed
Are you an alcoholic?
The Fulcrum 2011–2012 editorial board elections
And the winners are...
Are we recording? Joseph Gordon-Levitt’s collaborative art community is a haven for creative minds Spicing it up Getting to know Ethiopian cuisine at Ottawa’s own Habesha restaurant
Election date: March 17 March 17 March 17 March 24 March 24 March 24 March 31 March 31 March 31
The Ottawa club scene: episode 3 How does Zak’s diner measure up? Life in a Day The collaborative YouTube documentary stuns audiences thefulcrum.ca/blogs/blog
You might be surprised what kind of damage your drinking is doing
And the Academy Award goes to... 16 NAC French theatre story becomes Oscar pick
Queen’s dethroned 17 Gees women’s volleyball team defeats Queen’s Gaels 3-1
For more information contact Amanda Shendruk at firstname.lastname@example.org Eligible staff: Charlotte Bailey, Jessica Beddaoui, Brennan Bova, Sean Campbell, Dan Cress, Katherine DeClerq, Dani-Elle Dube, Simon Oliver-Dussault, Chelsea Edgell, Kristyn Filip, Ivan Frisken, Samantha Graitson, Sofia Hashi, Jaehoon Kim, Corin Latimer, Jaclyn Lytle, Jane Lytvynenko, Alex Martin, Abria Mattina, Mico Mazza, Kevin McCormick, Mercedes Mueller, Kiera Obbard, Joshua Pride, Alexandra Schwabe, Amanda Shendruk, Natalie Tremblay, Keeton Wilcock, Jessie Willms
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Love your food and relationships 20 The key to a healthy relationship is in healthy eating
Let’s de-federate Making the case for ditching SFUO execs
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NEWS EDITOR Katherine DeClerq | email@example.com | (613) 562 5260
Twitterable moments @iShowerNekked: No food sighted at the ballot counting table! No explanation available at this time. #sfuoelxn @thomastremblay: Such a low turnout, yet so much time to count the ballots. Could the #SFUOelxn resources support a 32,630 undergrad population? Doubtful @JulienPaquette: RT @iShowerNekked: Maybe the ballot counters should call it quits for the night. The probability of human error related accidents rises with fatigue#sfuoelxn @thomastremblay: Sad day for democracy at #uOttawa. The #SFUOelxn are once again punctuated by controversy and alleged unethical practices. @AlexSmyth: What a load of bull RT @ The_Fulcrum: Benovoy: Counting is getting slower, as volunteers are getting tired. #sfuoelxn photo by Alex Smyth
At 3:03 a.m. on Friday Feb. 18, student volunteers continued to count SFUO election votes at Tabaret Hall. Results were initially projected to be released by midnight.
The bar is closed, the candidates have gone home Election hopefuls and students frustrated as election results go unannounced Katherine DeClerq | Fulcrum Staff
STUDENTS CALLED IT quits around three in the morning on Feb. 18 when they were told that the Student Federation of the University of Ottawa (SFUO) election results would be pushed back another few hours. Candidates arrived at undergraduate bar 1848 around 11 p.m. to have a round of beers with their campaign volunteers and friends. However, due to the fact that the results, which were supposed to be announced around midnight, were continuously postponed, candidates eventually decided to head home for the night.
Some candidates were frustrated, but understood why the process took so long. “I just want it to be fi nished. I just want it to be over. I wish the results were coming right now. I feel like [tonight’s process] was a little bit slow, but I guess that means that there [are] some ballots to contest,” explained Logan Ouellette, candidate for vp communications. “We’re all getting more anxious and anxious as the minutes go by. We just want our results [so] we can go home and sleep,” said Terry Morin, candidate for vp social. With a voting turnout estimate of just over 10 per cent, Jason Benovoy, CEO of the SFUO elections office, explained
that each contested position—that of the executive, and arts and social sciences Board of Administration seats—has to be counted by hand. “It’s paper ballots, it takes a long time because we triple count the ballots to make sure everything is as accurate as possible. It is what it is—there are thousands of voting ballots,” he explained. Amalia Savva, presidential candidate in the SFUO elections, agreed that all students could do was be patient. “I have confidence they are doing the best they can, but it is obviously frustrating for us waiting. But they are doing the best they can. As we say last year, e-vot-
ing didn’t work out for the best, so paper ballots are the most legitimate thing to do during elections,” said Savva. Not everyone was so understanding, however. Savva’s opponent presidential candidate, Nathan Boivin, expressed dissatisfaction with the late results and before leaving campus, took the opportunity to explain why the SFUO electoral system is not functioning as well as it should. “Th is is the exact issue that we have with the SFUO. It comes down to organization,” he explained. “Whoever wins tonight I hope that we are able to change elections, so that the results are actually on time. We had
a great crowd out here … who all came to watch the elections. It’s two hours past due, it’s a Thursday night, and people have exams still. They already put those exams aside. So this is when we have to say enough is enough. We want to change these procedures for next year.” All candidates except for Tristan Dénommée, Terry Morin, and Logan Ouellette left campus between three and four in the morning under the impression that the results wouldn’t be released until the following day. At press time, 5: 30 a.m. on Feb. 18, results were still unavailable. “I am anxious. I can’t wait to figure out how it goes,” said Ouellette. f
See thefulcrum.ca for election results. Check out pages 6 and 7 for photos of candidates and students waiting and waiting and waiting for early-morning results that didn’t come.
UOLeaks takes over campus Student-run blog inspires election discussion and debate Briana Hill | Fulcrum Staff
THE #SFUOELXN HASHTAG began buzzing Feb. 10 as the word spread about controversial uoleaks.com. The blog-style site is run by “a small team of volunteers who simply want to keep the [Student Federation of the University of Ottawa] (SFUO) and the University of Ottawa’s administration accountable.” “The site took about an hour to go from concept to reality. The idea was to create a platform where students and
whistle blowers could contribute anonymously to keep the SFUO accountable,” explained the UOLeaks team in an email to the Fulcrum. Contributors to the site may send in tips, or they may post anonymously to the homepage. There had been concern from some students, however, that the blog could transform into a forum for negative commentary. “I think anytime you’re on the Internet, and especially with the anonymity that that provides, you’re going to get
people that just put their most outlandish remarks possible and they’re going to use foul language. That being said, I think if this is going to be a democratic representation ... you have to hear all the voices,” said Michelle Legault, vp communications of the Criminology Students Association and avid reader of uoleaks.com. The site is unique in that it allows for a multidirectional flow of information. The ability to comment on posts allows rebuttal, debate, and discussion among students. Some posts have reached up to 134 comments from various students debating the topic. “Having that two-way discussion is important, because ... it’s always been
one way. It’s always been the SFUO dictating to the student body,” said Legault. Jean-Thomas Tremblay, a political science and communications student, agreed that the forum for discussion provided by the website is needed, but fi nds the name misleading. “I don’t endorse it 100 per cent because I think some elements should be changed. I don’t like the name ... A forum or agora would have been more accurate, because that’s what it is—it brings back the element of discussion,” explained Tremblay. Not only are commentators permitted anonymity, but the creators of UOLeaks also remain unnamed. Tremblay doesn’t
see a problem with this, as long as readers are cautious. “Is it less legitimate because we don’t know who’s moderating it? No, as long as we know that it’s students moderating it and that therefore we shouldn’t take everything for granted.” The website claims to be “raw SFUO and uOttawa news” that leaves room for doubt about it’s overall accuracy. “Is Wikipedia wrong simply because it’s crowdsourced? No, but you still wouldn’t want to quote it academically. Same goes for us; our small team of volunteers makes every effort to support our articles with facts and quotes, but we’re mostly here to make you think,” said the UOLeaks team. f
6 | news
Charles Rose and Terry Morin: 0pponents in the vp social race.
thefulcrum.ca | Feb. 18–March 2, 2011
Presidential candidate Nathan Boivin talks to student journalists about his frustration with the vote counting process.
VP university affairs candidate Liz Kessler waits for results at 1848.
photos by Alex Smyth
Marie-Claude Noël, vp social candidate, stays positive as the hours go by.
Stéphanie Roy, vp student affairs candidate, keeps smiling and waiting for results ... and waiting ... and waiting ...
thefulcrum.ca | Feb. 18–March 2, 2011
news | 7
Presidential hopeful Amalia Savva anticipates results while waiting in undergraduate student bar 1848.
photos by Alex Smyth
Counting votes into the wee hours of the morning at Tabaret Hall.
Paige Galette hopes to reclaim vp communications.
Students entertain themselves outside 1848 while waiting for election results.
The lack of results doesn’t seem to get vp fi nance candidate Tristan Dénommée down.
photo by Mico Mazza
8 | news
thefulcrum.ca | Feb. 18–March 2, 2011
Election trials and tribulations The Fulcrum reviews the controversial events of the campaign period
HE STUDENT Federation of the University of Ottawa (SFUO) elections office hopes every year to keep the race as clean as possible, but try as they might, something always happens to create a student uproar. This year it was a number of small electoral rule violations that led to filed complaints and student dissatisfaction. The election period of Feb. 15 to 17 also ended with a typical low voter turnout. The Fulcrum reviews student woes from the 2011–12 SFUO elections. Candidates’ posters in incorrect places Numerous candidates in the SFUO elections got carried away with advertisement posting, breaking an electoral rule in the process. Rule 15.2.1 of the SFUO electoral rules reads: “All campaigning shall be out of sight and sound of any polling station. This includes but is not limited to soliciting votes or distributing publicity within 20 metres of a polling station.” After the first day of elections, campaign posters could be seen within 20 metres of the polling stations. Some candidates’ promotional material included sticky notes with names of nominees written on them. They were plastered on the walls and doors surrounding the stations.
In addition to the violation of rule 15.2.1, candidates also violated rule 11.1.2, which states that no posters will be mounted on doors, painted walls, or transparent surfaces, including windows. On the second day of elections, most posters had been removed; however, some remained within a visible distance of the polling stations, particularly in Morriset. The electoral rules also state that it is the responsibility of the poll clerks to remove those posters out of voters’ sight, a task many failed to do on the first day. “Our officers are doing their best to remove all campaign materials close to their stations,” said SFUO elections office Chief Returning Officer Michèle Meilleur Sarazin. “The officers also do a check every little while to make sure no campaign material has been dropped within [a] 20-metre view of the stations.” Meilleur Sarazin has not clarified whether further punishment awaits candidates who broke the rule. —Jane Lytvynenko King files official complaint claiming Dénommée campaign is misleading Sarah Jayne King, current vp finance of the Student Federation of the University of Ottawa (SFUO) and candidate for
between the lines Katherine DeClerq News Editor
Are ‘petty politics’ the real reason for low voter turnout? I DIDN’T WRITE a column last week because there was nothing to say. Was it worth it to lecture students on the importance of voting? In my eyes, it just wasn’t. The students who want to vote will, and the others, as much as we try and persuade them, simply won’t. This can be proven with the incredibly low voting turnout seen in this year’s Student Federation of the University of Ottawa (SFUO) elections. Early estimates suggested just over 10 per cent of undergraduate students turned up to vote. But why is this—why do students not want to vote? While there are numerous reasons floating around, there was one in particular that was widely discussed throughout the election period. That was the excuse of “petty politics.” The words “petty politics” were thrown around a lot this year. It was mentioned throughout the debates, in interviews, and in conversations between candidates and students. The consensus seemed to be that petty politics is the reason why students don’t get involved in the elections or in the SFUO. What they failed to do, however, is define the term “petty politics.” Is it petty to bring the faults of your opponent to the attention of voters? Is it petty to file a complaint to the elections office, and, in which case, is it petty to appeal that complaint?
According to the candidates of the SFUO elections, this is the reason why students don’t vote—because they don’t like the fact that students are acting like real politicians. Well, I have a news flash for the SFUO: Students chose not to vote because they either weren’t inspired by the candidates or because they didn’t believe it would make a difference. The “petty politics” is what makes the SFUO elections interesting! It helps students who plan on voting make informed decisions. It allows people to see the real side of these politicians, not just what they put in their platform. Let’s face it, they can say anything they want on paper, but it may not translate to their personality or actions. Candidates shouldn’t have been afraid to jump into the “petty politics” pool; in fact, they should have embraced it. “Petty politics” makes the SFUO more visible on campus (a sad fact, but still true). They make students want to vote out of concern that specific people may win if they don’t. So next year, please, don’t blame the low voter turnout on “petty politics.” Rather, blame it on the fact that students have lost faith in their student federation. firstname.lastname@example.org (613) 562 5260
re-election, filed a complaint on Feb. 9 against her opponent Tristan Dénommée for publishing financial information she said is inaccurate. In her complaint, King claimed false numbers were used in Dénommée’s campaign material. On his Facebook page and in campaign leaflets, Dénommée stated that the SFUO used approximately $200,000 towards business marketing, and that the federated bodies received $90,000 less than last year while the SFUO’s overall budget has increased. “I don’t know where the numbers are coming from,” King said. “The federated bodies receiving $90,000 less than last year—I don’t know where that number came from. … So, that is incorrect information.” Dénommée was found guilty of violating the electoral rule 17.1.1 by the SFUO elections office. The rule states: “Any official candidate, committee, official representative or volunteer who makes or publishes any false statement of fact in relation to the personal character or conduct of a candidate shall be guilty of a violation punishable by virtue of section 18.” Dénommée was told to remove all content related to the complaint from his campaign as a result of the ruling, as well as remove one large banner from public
viewing for two business days. Reem Zaia, Dénommée’s former campaign manager, maintains that the violation Dénommée has been found guilty of should not apply to him because, among other things, he did not mention King exclusively. Zaia said the campaign was aimed at the SFUO and its actions as an entity, using information from 2009–10 before King was officially sworn into office. However, King maintains that the statements were targeting her directly in an attempt to make her look less qualified for the job. Dénommée appealed his decision Feb. 12 in an emergency elections committee meeting. According to Zaia, the committee didn’t look at his defence and ruled in favour of King’s complaint. Dénommée has been told he must comply with the ruling. The SFUO elections office could not comment on the open investigation. —Jane Lytvynenko Low voter turnout an annual affair Polling stations remained empty as the election days passed. This year, voting turnout was estimated at just over 10 per cent of undergraduate students. If estimates were correct, this indicates an approximate 11 per cent drop from last year’s
21.7 per cent turnout. With the elimination of online voting, the elections office had to put extra effort into their campaign to encourage students to take time outside class to find a polling station and vote. The SFUO elections office’s strategy included posters, banners, advertising in student publications, and contests on their website. The candidates also tried to encourage students to vote, some ending their campaign by telling students to get to the polls—regardless of who they planned to vote for. Allan Rock, president of the U of O, thought that candidates did all they could to encourage voter turnout, but that it would have taken someone to truly inspire students to get a significant number of undergraduates to vote. “I think that candidates are doing the best they can. They are talking in classes, putting up posters, doing public debates,” he said. “It’s very hard to drive up the participation rate unless you have an issue of some kind—something that will really capture people’s imagination and take them to the polls. But it’s not easy. I’m not sure what it is, whether people are becoming more cynical, or less idealistic, but people seem to be less inclined to vote.” —Katherine DeClerq
Constitutional controversy SFUO elections create concern over constitutional interpretations Katherine DeClerq | Fulcrum Staff
THE LAST DAY of the Student Federation of the University of Ottawa (SFUO) election debates, Feb. 11, brought up the issue of constitutional interpretation of the SFUO constitution. Presidential candidate Amalia Savva and Board of Administrator (BOA) candidate Jesse Root were found to be working on each other’s campaigns. When this was discovered, a number of complaints were fi led with the elections office, as students believed this meant the candidates were involved in a slate. The Student Federation of the University of Ottawa constitution states, under section 4.7.1, that: “No candidate for a position on the executive or the Board of Administration may form a slate with one or more other candidates running for positions on the executive or the Board of Administration. To that effect, no candidate may: a. spend money together with one or more other candidates; or b. participate in any way in the campaign of one or more other candidates.” The complaints, however, were subsequently dropped because it was pointed out by the elections office that while Root
was Savva’s campaign manager, it was, in fact, constitutional due to the use of the word “or” and not “and” between part “a” and “b” of the fi nal sentence. The bylaw has been interpreted as being specific to the position held. Therefore, an executive candidate cannot form a slate with an executive candidate, and a BOA candidate with a BOA candidate. The students who fi led the complaint were frustrated to fi nd that the word “and” that was omitted from the English clause remained in the French version of the constitution. However, constitutional law professor Pierre Foucher confi rmed that, although this translation discrepancy may have legal ramifications, it ultimately has no weight in the interpretation of the bylaw. “It has nothing to do with validity. It has to do with interpretation. They have to choose the version that yields the similar meaning in both language. If that’s not possible, you choose the version’s that’s more fit with the object of this position.” The elections office’s decision to allow the collaboration of a BOA and SFUO executive candidate was upheld on the basis that the electoral rules state that, “A single person may be a volunteer for one
campaign at each level. As such, a person may be a volunteer for a referendum committee, for an executive position candidature, for a [BOA] candidature, and for a Senate candidature at the same time.” Federico Carvajal, chair of the BOA, confirmed that the electoral rules are an extension of the SFUO constitution. “The electoral rules are drafted based on the bylaws. And they expand on where the bylaws aren’t detailed enough. They are meant to compliment them,” he explained. “In regards to bylaw 4.7.1. ... its the interpretation we had when it was created and over the past four years the elections office has just been following a certain interpretation of the bylaws. And it has become common practice. Part of the understanding is that if [the bylaw] is not clear for people, then there should be an attempt to clarify that. And the elections committee is supposed to do that in the electoral rules. To my knowledge they did.” The electoral rules are ratified every year by the elections committee in order to ensure that all bylaws are clearly understood. f
Still waiting for the #SFUOelxn results? So are we! Check the fulcrum.ca to see if the 2011–12 SFUO executive has been announced yet ...
thefulcrum.ca | Feb. 18–March 2, 2011
news | 9
Law goes overseas U of O pairs up with the University of Haifa in law study exchange Katrina Medwenitsch | Fulcrum Staff
WHILE MOST STUDENTS go to France or the United Kingdom to study for a semester, the University of Ottawa’s Faculty of Law has created a unique joint study program for its students to spend half a year in the Middle East. The school has paired up with the University of Haifa in Israel to offer an international LL.M exchange agreement where participating students can earn two distinct law degrees—one from each school—in just one year. “[In] Haifa, they have a really strong law and technology program, which is something that we specialize in here. That was sort of the impetus for creating this agreement with them ... to merge together the faculties that have these specialties,” said Sarah Rainboth, the acting assistant dean for graduate studies in law at the U of O. Rainboth believes there are numerous
benefits to participating in this program. “I think it’s just a really good opportunity for students because it’s allowing them to basically receive two LL.M degrees in a 12-month period, which normally, it would take them a longer period of time to get two degrees,” she explained. “I think that with an experience like this, it’s getting to experience two differ-
ent cultures with different legal jurisdictions, different legal environments.” Students choosing to participate will study at the University of Ottawa from September to February and will go on to the University of Haifa from March to June. The program culminates back in Ottawa where U of O students must complete a major research paper between July and August. “They’re doing our regular LL.M program,” said Rainboth. “They do our legal research in methodology course, which is compulsory for the LL.M program, and they do a legal theory course. They’ll do an optional course as well. Then in January, they’ll do an elective course.” When the students move on to Haifa, they must complete the coursework that the institution has deemed a program requirement. For the months spent in Haifa, students can expect to be immersed in a very different environment. “It’s a terrific university and a great city,” said Michael Geist, Canada Research Chair in Internet and E-Commerce, and common law associate professor at the U of O. “The weather is fantastic, the food is great, and the beach spectacular. It certainly provides a different experience and environment from Ottawa.” Perhaps one of the best advantages is the support students from both institutions can provide for each other. “Everybody starts in Ottawa, whether this is their home institution or whether Haifa is,” said Rainboth. “Th at’s another nice advantage—they’ll be in classes together as well so they’re not trading spaces; they’re there at the same time.” f
What’s he building in there? Profiles in science research at the U of O Mighty mice meet their match Tyler Shendruk | Fulcrum Contributor
to get around our immune defences.
The problem IT’S AN EVOLUTIONARY arms race out there. Viruses that infect organisms evolve to evade the immune systems of their hosts. Every time that happens, host animals like us must create strategies to battle the infections and diseases they cause. For example, retroviruses are a family of viruses that have an RNA genome. While it’s often said that the fundamental building block of life is DNA, the genetic material of these viruses is RNA. Retroviruses produce DNA from their RNA and insert it into a host’s genome, changing the host forever. From then on, the virus replicates with the host cell’s DNA. Our immune system protects us against most retroviruses. Only the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and the human T-lymphotropic virus (HTVL) have been shown to cause diseases in humans. Both have evolved ways
The researcher Marc-Andre Langlois does his research for the Faculty of Medicine at Roger Guindon Hall on the General Hospital Campus. He studies how retroviruses replicate and infect cells—specifically how cells are able to protect themselves against retroviruses. The project One of the best armaments our cells have is a family of proteins called APOBEC3. It’s still a mystery how they do it, but APOBEC3 proteins can completely deactivate all retroviral invaders by mutating the attacking DNA before it can be inserted into the host’s genome. The exceptions are HIV and HTVL. Those two have out evolved our protein parapets. While primates have seven APOBEC3 proteins, mice have only one. Th is really interests Langlois. The mice APOBEC3 protein is more general than any of our
seven. However, even mice can be infected by retroviruses. One of their versions of HIV is called AKV. The key Langlois was able to observe the arms race between AKV and the mouse APOBEC3 protein. Mice with diverse abundances of APOBEC3 were better at restricting AKV than mice with any specific form of APOBEC3. They can mutate (and so deactivate) more variations of the retrovirus. Langlois concludes that, since APOBEC3 stops infections by mutating the attackers, it pressures AKV to evolve. Because the mice’s own weapons against AKV cause it to mutate at an exaggerated rate, a broad set of deterrents provides for the best defense against such a varied viral foe. f Are you doing interesting science? Or do you have a professor who can’t stop talking about his research? Let us know at email@example.com
news briefS Students smoke-bomb Quebec media building MONTREAL—STUDENTS PROTESTING TUITION hikes smoke-bombed the head office of the media company Quebecor Inc., the company that owns the Journal de Montreal and the Sun. Journalists and staff evacuated the building without injury. The students released a press statement taking credit for the incident. The statement read: “It’s the libertarian ideology promoted in the various media properties of the company and their anti-union attitude that pushed protesters to target this company.” —Katherine DeClerq CAUT accused of pursuing anti-religious ideology QUEBEC—THE CANADIAN ASSOCIATION of University Teachers (CAUT) has been accused of pursuing an anti-religious ideology after a Concordia University professor launched a petition for an end to CAUT’s investigations of Christian universities. Since 2009, CAUT has investigated three religious universities on the ground that they had disregarded the principles of academic freedom. CAUT’s defence is that universities cannot discriminate the hiring of teachers based on their faith. The petition currently has 140 signatures. —Katherine DeClerq U of M bans party busses WINNIPEG (CUP)—THE UNIVERSITY OF Manitoba has banned party busses from entering campus as a response to safety concerns. On Jan. 12, a memo was sent to student groups across campus asking them to stop using bus convoys to transport students to and from the bars, stating that the university is in the midst of revising its alcohol policy “in light of recent incidents that have been the direct results of bus trips organized by local nightclubs.” The memo was also sent to local bars and bus companies. By accepting the busses from bars onto campus, the university is liable for any incidents. —Talia Joundi, the Manitoban Students push for graffiti wall KELOWNA, B.C. (CUP)—STUDENTS AT THE University of British Columbia’s Okanagan campus are in the process of setting up an exterior and interior graffiti wall on the fi ne arts building. The outdoor graffiti wall would be a bordered section of brick wall. Regulation has been an issue of concern for the faculty members, particularly whether the graffiti should be moderated for inappropriate images. —Asher Isbrucker, the Phoenix Dinosaurs may have survived longer than previously thought EDMONTON (CUP)—A NEW TECHNIQUE to date dinosaur bones developed by a University of Alberta researcher may prove that dinosaurs lived up to 700,000 years past previously recognized extinction dates. The results challenge the view that dinosaurs died out in a relatively short period, around 65.5 or 66 million years ago. The researchers took a fossilized femur of a sauropod and, using a new uranium isotopedating method, found that it yields a date of only 63.8 to 65.7 million years ago, meaning this particular dinosaur was alive up to 700,000 years after the mass extinction event. —Hayley Dunning, the Gateway
puzzles on p. 21
thefulcrum.ca | Feb. 18–March thefulcrum.ca | Feb. 18–Mar. 2, 2011
Deckuf (221 Rideau St.), 7 p.m.
Vegas plays at the Mayfair Theatre (1074 Bank St.), 9:15 p.m.
Mar. 4: Take Me Home Tonight released to theatres
Now–Feb. 19: Evolution Theatre presents Little Martyrs by Dominick Parenteau-Lebeuf at the Arts Court Theatre (2 Daly Ave.), 8 p.m.
Mar. 8: Dave Hause, Grey Kingdom, and Jonathan Becker play Raw Sugar Cafe (692 Somerset St. W.), 7 p.m.
Feb. 25: Hall Pass released to theatres
Mar. 18: Limitless released to theatres
Feb. 18: Men’s basketball vs. Carleton at Montpetit Hall, 8 p.m.
Mar. 9: Siskiyou plays Cafe Deckuf (221 Rideau St.), 8 p.m.
Feb. 25: The Light Thief plays at the Bytowne Cinema (325 Rideau St.), 9:15 p.m.
Mar. 18: The Lincoln Lawyer released to theatres
Mar. 9: Plants And Animals and Karkwa play Capital Music Hall(128 York St.), 8 p.m.
Feb. 26: Cockfighter plays at the Mayfair Theatre (1074 Bank St.), 11:15 p.m.
Mar. 10: Down With Webster and Sweet Thing play the Bronson Centre (211 Bronson Ave.), 7 p.m.
Feb. 27: Force of Nature: The David Suzuki Movie plays at the Mayfair Theatre (1074 Bank St.), 6 p.m.
Feb. 28: Oliver Sherman plays at the Bytowne Cinema (325 Rideau St.), 9:05 p.m.
Feb. 20: The Nightengale presented by Rag and Bone in collaboration with OYP Theatre School at the Shenkman Arts Centre (245 Centrum Blvd.), 1:30 p.m. Feb. 21: A Chinese Carnival in honour of the Chinese New Year at the National Arts Centre (53 Elgin St.), 8 p.m. Feb. 24–27: The Mariinsky Ballet performs The Kirov, or La Bayadère, at the National Arts Centre (53 Elgin St.), 7 p.m.
Feb. 18: Big Mommas: Like Father, Like Son released to theatres
Mar. 1: Pi plays at the Mayfair Theatre (1074 Bank St.), 7 p.m.
Now–Feb. 26: Norm Forster’s comedic play The Long Weekend runs at the Ottawa Little Theatre (400 King Edward Ave.), 8 p.m.
Feb. 18: I Am Number Four released to theatres
Mar. 3: Cedar Lake Contemporary Ballet presents Orbo Novo at the National Arts Centre (53 Elgin St.), 7:30 p.m.
Feb. 22-23: Winds of Heaven: Emily Carr, Carvers, and the Spirits of the Forest plays at the Mayfair Theatre (1074 Bank St.), 7 p.m.
Feb. 23: Rope plays at the Bytowne Cinema (325 Rideau St.), 5 p.m.
Mar. 4: Rango released to theatres
Feb. 25: Fear and Loathing In Las
Mar. 4: Beastly released to theatres
Feb. 18: April Wine plays the Bronson Centre (211 Bronson Ave.), 7 p.m.
Mar. 1: Requiem For A Dream plays at the Mayfair Theatre (1074 Bank St.), 8:45 p.m. Mar. 4: The Adjustment Bureau released to theatres
Mar. 18: Paul released to theatres Mar. 18: Win Win released to theatres
Feb. 19: Women’s hockey vs. Montreal at the Sports Complex, 6 p.m. Feb. 19: Women’s basketball vs. Carleton at Montpetit Hall, 8 p.m.
Feb. 20: Women’s hockey vs. Carleton at Carleton University, 2 p.m.
Now–April 17: Che Bella Linea: Italian Master Prints, 1500–1650 exhibition at the National Gallery of Canada (380 Sussex Dr.)
Mar. 5: Men’s and women’s track and cross-country Super Saturday Series at Louis-Riel Dome, 10 a.m.
Now–April 24: It Is What It Is. Recent Acquisitions of New Canadian Art exhibition at the National Gallery of Canada (380 Sussex Dr.) Now–April 29: Alex Colville: The Formative Years, 1938-1942 exhibition at the National Gallery of Canada (380 Sussex Dr.)
Miscellaneous Happenings Feb. 27: The 83rd Annual Academy Awards telecast at the Mayfair Theatre (1074 Bank St.), 8 p.m.
Events on campus
Feb. 18: The Goo Goo Dolls and Steven Page play the National Arts Centre (53 Elgin St.), 8 p.m. Feb. 18: Watters Brothers, Ornaments, and Those Gulls play the Elmdale Tavern (1084 Wellington St. W.), 8:30 p.m. Feb. 18: Rich Aucoin, Ennuie, Life In 2D, and Pete Samples play Cafe Deckuf (221 Rideau St.), 9 p.m. Feb. 19: Hey Rosetta! plays Capital Music Hall (128 York St.), 8 p.m. Feb. 20: Coro Vivo Ottawa’s “Armonia Rinascimentale” in Tabaret Hall, 2 p.m. Feb. 22: Be The Saviour, I, Emperor, Mercenaries, Fractures, and Infecticator play Cafe Deckuf (221 Rideau St.), 8 p.m. Feb. 25: Die Atlantic!, Horizons, The Prologue, Be The Saviour, After The Vendetta, and Kill For Change play Murphy’s Inn (917 2nd St. W.), 6 p.m. Feb. 25: Great Bloomers, Huron, and The Withering Pines play Cafe Deckuf (221 Rideau St.), 8 p.m. Feb. 26: Brain Trust, Thesis Sahib, and Greed Bros play Raw Sugar Café (692 Somerset St. W.), 7:30 p.m. Feb. 28: Melissa Ethridge and Serena Ryder play the National Arts Centre (53 Elgin St.), 8 p.m. Mar. 2: The Dreadnoughts, The Resignators, Nummies, and Dry River Caravan play Mavericks (221 Rideau St.), 6:30p.m. Mar. 5: Brainhunter, The Shakey Aches, and Move Your Mountain play Zaphod Beeblebrox (27 York St.), 8 p.m. Mar. 5: Land Of Talk plays Mavericks (221 Rideau St.), 9 p.m. Mar. 6: Acres of Lions, Brights, Hamilton, and Dead Weights play Cafe
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ARTS & CULTURE Charlotte Bailey | firstname.lastname@example.org | (613) 562 5931
Young, stylish, and on the rise Local fashion designers to look for in 2011 Jessica Beddaoui | Fulcrum Staff
THE FOLLOWING FOLL
Amber Watkins: Swim & Lounge
Box House Apparel
Amber Watkins currently produces swimwear and lounge items for women seeking edgy and trendy clothes that fit and wear well. She has showcased her collections in both Toronto and Ottawa, and has attended New York Fashion Week, gaining critical experience and exposure. “Whether it’s a different fabric, an unexpected cutout, or an added detail, my swimsuits take a risk and are still comfortable and fl attering,” says the designer. Some eye-catching pieces from her past collections include a white bikini with feminine lace trim and a blue and white nautical-themed one-piece swimsuit with dramatic cutouts and gold detail. “I’m starting with mostly swimwear as my main focus, and then plan on branching out to lingerie and other areas,” she explains. Next up, Watkins will be participating in a charity-run fashion show on Feb. 20 at the Glebe Community Centre. Her designs are available for purchase at amberwatkins.ca
Having recently obtained a bachelors degree in architecture, designer Angie Fisher says her transition into the fashion industry was rather seamless. “These studies have taught me to create and think in the third dimension, as both programs require extreme attention to detail, creativity, and an understanding of what the general public is looking for,” says Fisher. Her label is best known for its edgy graphic tees and hoodies. She describes each collection as beginning with a general concept, which then inspired the entire collection. “Our last season was called ‘Addicted’,” she explains. “All the designs were inspired by iconic figures who were humbled by their addiction, [like] James Dean, Johnny Cash, [and] Marilyn Monroe.” Items from this collection included images of these celebrities offset by the Demü Label logo in various ways. Fisher describes her upcoming collection, Vigil-ANTI, as being inspired by childhood superheroes. Look for the collection online at demulabel.com on March 18.
Box House Apparel launched in September 2010, and showcases pieces intending to disrupt popular trends while simultaneously revealing the individuality of the client wearing the label. Chief designer Leigh Bequette has become well known for his handmade t-shirts and hoodies, which incorporate unique pocket designs. His clothing reflects an extraordinary attention to detail as Bequette strategically layers various materials and colours. “Our clothing is generally described as high-end urban street wear,” says public relations representative for Box House Apparel, William Johnson. When discussing clientele, Johnson explains, “Box House Apparel is an alternative lifestyle brand and the people we cater to are young and cultured.” The label offers handmade custom t-shirts, sweaters, hats, and dresses tailored for those seeking to express their individual style. Box House Apparel can be found online, at boxhouseapparel.com, or at Organik Graphyx, located at 9 Florence St. f
RE designers have THREE de their mark on made the Ottawa fashion scene by successfully launching labels that include handmade, original pieces exclusive to their collections. Their cutting edge trends have put each designer on the map, leading Ottawa into a fashion revitalization for which we have desperately been waiting.
Ottawa finds Van Gogh’s Ear
Celebrating local Canadian poets on the international literary scene Michelle Ferguson | Fulcrum Staff
LET THE INSPIRING verses prick your ears. Collected Works, Ottawa’s independent bookshop and coffeebar, will be hosting a poetry night in celebration of the critically acclaimed anthology series Van Gogh’s Ear, which is now coming to an end. The night will pay tribute to Canadian authors who have contributed to the anthology, such as Margaret Atwood, Molly Peacock, Gordon Downie, and David Helwig. Based in Paris, France, and published in conjunction with Allen Ginsberg’s Committee on Poetry in New York City, Van Gogh’s Ear began as a semi-annual poetry magazine, which, by the third issue, matured into an annual worldpoetry anthology. The internationally acclaimed anthology is best known for its eclecticism and innovation, and unites a community of poets, authors, and artists. Born out of the desire to connect the anglo-
phone community of Paris with other English-writing poets, Van Gogh’s Ear combines new and old voices, as well as known and unknown talent, from across the globe. “Journals such as these are important in that they spread the work around,” says poet rob mclennan. “Writing is a conversation, and it’s good to know a few more writers out there worth listening to, responding to, etc.” One of Ottawa’s most recognizable poets, mclennan has published over two dozen works of poetry, fiction, and nonfiction, including a compact of words, missing persons, and wild horses. Featured in the series, mclennan will be reading from his own published works at the Van Gogh’s Ear reading event. “I recently had two books out, one in [the] U.S. and one in Japan, so I might read that,” says mclennan. “[Maybe] focus on that and newer or unpublished [works]—who knows?” Also reading are literary professor
and recipient of the W. J. Barnes, Arts and Science Undergraduate Society Award for Excellence in Teaching recipient Gabriel McIntire, and Ottawa poet and publisher Amanda Earl. McIntire has been published in The Literary Review of Canada, The Cortland Review, and Kingston Poets’ Gallery, and Earl’s erotica poetry has appeared in numerous literary journals including Quills, Canadian Poetry Magazine, Spire Poetry Poster, and The Dusty Owl Quarterly. The night promises to be an inspiring conversation between internationally recognized local talent and Ottawa’s literary enthusiasts. “[The] literary scene is essential for a writer,” voices mclennan “How can one learn about writing before reading?” f
illustration by Dylan Barnabe
The Van Gogh’s Ear Reading Event will be held Feb. 18 at 7 p.m. at Collected Works Bookstore & Coffeebar. There is no admission fee. All seven volumes of the anthology will be available for sale.
12 | features
thefulcrum.ca | Feb. 18–March 2, 2011
Students are well known for their heavy drinking habits, but do some go too far?
assailants and 70 per cent of female victims had been drinking. In a survey of over 85,000 American students, it was found that either alcohol or drugs were involved in 79 per cent of sexual experiences that the students later regretted or said they hadn’t wanted to happen.
Ali Schwabe | Fulcrum Staff
WHEN W EN STUDENTS TU ARRIVE to the U of O, suddenly alcohol
Even with these consequences to consider, as well as the added risk of alcoholism, drunk driving, and addiction, many students clearly still feel that the benefits of drinking outweigh the risks. Sawden drinks for the social aspect, as well as on special occasions. “It’s fun, and it’s a social thing … Sometimes you just want to celebrate too. Going to F&S after a midterm at 10 o’clock in the morning is okay. Th is week it was the Superbowl. Times like that are great times to drink,” he says. “I drink 100 per cent of the weekends. Basically it’s not school [time], so [the reason I’m drinking is] to have as much fun as possible,” says Mullett. According to her, drinking is about spending time with friends in a more casual setting. “Drinking is social; it’s where you get together with friends. You have a beer and at the same time you’re not stressed like at school,” she says. “You’re relaxing and drinking. Also you become a little bit more fun, [a bit] looser than you usually are.” Alcohol creates this calming effect by slowing neural activity that controls judgment and inhibitions. Both positive and negative urges are more likely to be acted upon than if the drinker was sober. Activity in the sympathetic nervous system—which controls the lungs, heart, and digestive system and is responsible for the fight or fl ight response—is slowed, making you feel more relaxed. Shelby Ryan, a fourth-year nursing student who doesn’t drink at all, feels differently, and doesn’t [think] that alcohol is necessary to relax and hang out with friends. “Just because I don’t get hammered every Friday and Saturday night doesn’t mean I stay in and sip tea and knit sweaters. Just because you’re not drunk doesn’t mean you still can’t go out to the bars and have a good night with your friends.” She’s also not worried about social inclusion, saying: “I love my friends and I’d hang out with them if they were completely hammered or 100 per cent sober. It doesn’t matter to me; we have a good time no matter what the blood-alcohol level is. “People don’t even really notice [that I don’t drink]. Most of the time people are too drunk to pay attention. I don’t make a big deal out of it so why would someone else?”
is more av available than ever before. Eighteen-year-olds can obtain drinks legally across the provincial border, res culture includes floor parties and an abundance of drinking games, and students start getting to know the crowd at their favorite bars within weeks of arriving on campus. It’s well known that drinking can lead to awful tragedies, like car accidents caused by drunk drivers and death from alcohol poisoning, but there are also smaller costs associated with drinking that students often tend to ignore. These risks add up and beg the question: Is the accepting culture surrounding drinking and easy availability of alcohol turning students into alcoholics? The everyday costs Alcohol is a depressant that reduces neural activity and slows body functions. However, before the fi rst sip, alcohol already has a significant cost. Andre Deminiac, a second-year computer sciences major who drinks around 12, if not more, beers every weekend recognizes that the monetary cost is high. “It’s very expensive,” he says. “We end up going out most weekends, which makes it worse too … [The expense] kind of bothers me, but there’s not much I can do about it.” Despite the expense, Deminiac explains that he drinks because that’s what the people he hangs out with are doing. “It’s normal to drink. It’s normal when you’re going out with friends,” he says. “If they’re having one beer, I’m having one beer. If they’re having more, I’m having more.” First-year biopharmaceutical science major Quinn Sawden doesn’t think the monetary cost of alcohol is as exuberant. Disagreeing with Deminiac, he feels that it’s a necessary price associated with entertainment time.
“I budget myself very well, and tend not to spend much,” Sawden explains. “Costco in Hull is great for that. I just look at it like I’m buying an enjoyable party night where I can have fun and if I want [to]—I can go wild.” When students calculate how much they spend on alcohol in a year, many are shocked by the results. A study completed in 2005 by Wendy Skutske of the Midwest Alcoholism Research Center showed that college and university students spend more on alcohol than they do on books and all other beverages combined. Course work can also suffer because drinking and some of its consequences— like brutal hangovers—can take time and focus away from education. Melissa Mullett, a third-year student studying cellular biology, knows that her grades are affected by her drinking, but it’s a payoff she’s willing to make for a good time. “Sometimes [drinking] does [take my time away from school]. I defi nitely know that. But it’s something that … is worth it sometimes,” she says. “I could study instead of drink to get that extra A+, but the people that I meet and the experiences that I have [when drinking] are just awe-
some. That’s what university is for.” Sawden, on the other hand, feels that he can manage both drinking and staying on top of schoolwork. “I know the times in my life when I can drink and I can go out and I can go party. And I also know the times in my life when I cannot and I need to study,” he says. “If I have a midterm coming up, drinking’s the last thing on my mind.” There are also health costs associated with drinking alcohol—even beyond those normally talked about, like liver damage and alcohol poisoning. Alcohol has hidden calories that most people don’t consider. It’s also a diuretic that stops the production of a certain hormone, leading the body to think it needs to urinate more often than it does. Without taking on extra water to compensate, the body becomes dehydrated. Th is can cause bad moods, headaches, muscle cramps, and negatively affect the quality of sleep. Studies have also shown that alcohol has huge impacts on aggressiveness and sexual responsibility. A campus survey at the University of Illinois found that before sexual assaults, 80 per cent of male
Revealing research A 2002 study in the U.S. showed that 31 per cent of students fit the criteria for alcohol abuse, and six per cent fit the critephoto by Alex Smyth
features | 13
ria for alcohol dependence. In an email to the Fulcrum, Sam Kacew, a professor of medicine at the U of O, explained some of the science behind intoxication, even debunking the perception that women are less able to handle alcohol than men. “Toxicity is calculated based upon amount imbibed and body weight. Hence, females who weigh less in general may be more susceptible. The effects one sees [in the short term are] based solely upon the amount ingested over a specific amount of time.” He also asserts that “alcohol effects are not age dependent.” He indicated that mild and moderate symptoms of high alcohol intake, including slowing of reaction time, increased confidence, decreased motor skills, altered perception and equilibrium, and major loss of muscle coordination, occur in the frontal, parietal, and occipital lobes and the cerebellum at bloodalcohol concentrations of 0.05 to 0.3 per cent. When this level rises above 0.5 per cent, risks include coma and respiratory failure. For a 120-pound individual to reach a blood alcohol level of 0.3 per cent, it would take approximately nine drinks over three hours. The World Health Organization has developed an Alcohol Audit designed to indicate if an individual is using alcohol in a hazardous and harmful manner, and can indicate alcohol dependence (see information box). Students often go over the cutoff for hazardous and harmful use within the fi rst three of eight questions. The U.S. National Institute of Health includes being under peer pressure to drink, having easy access to alcohol, living in a culture where there is high social acceptance of alcohol use, living a stressful lifestyle, and having five or more drinks on at least one occasion per week on their list of factors that can contribute to the risk of alcoholism—all are risk factors that are abundant in university life. I’ll quit after university When asked if they were worried about long-term consequences like brain shrinkage, dependence or addiction, and other potential health problems that, according to Kacew, “include jaundice, liver malfunction, pneumonia, immune system [compromise], [and] malnutrition,” students were extremely repetitive in their answers. All of the students interviewed exhibited a lack of concern, explaining that their current drinking habits were only temporary. Sawden says, “I’m not worried about long-term effects because I’ll probably not drink as much later as my workload piles up in later years and then in the real world. I don’t feel like there’s anything wrong with a couple drinks every now and then throughout the entirety of your life.” These sentiments were echoed by Deminiac, despite having experience with addiction. “I’m hoping it won’t be a big deal [health-wise]. My dad was an alcoholic, so it’s [worrisome] but I figure it’s just
four years. It’s just during university.” Mullett feels that at this age, the longterm consequences aren’t worth worrying about. “I make so many jokes about the liver damage. [When I actually drink though], I’m not like, ‘Oh man, my liver’—I’m more like, ‘Oh man, my hangover.’ That is kind of my long-term health concern.” She also argues that her drinking is fairly responsible. “I do it on weekends, not on weekdays. I guess there could be the problem … Maybe in the future if it keeps happening, if I keep doing what I’m doing. But at the same time, I know that I don’t need to drink alcohol to have fun. It’s just something I do now because it is university.”
So is it alcoholism?
Add up all your answers, and check the bottom to see what your score means.
(1) Less than monthly (2) Monthly (3) Weekly (4) Daily or almost daily
A) How often do have a drink containing alcohol? (0) Never [Skip to Qs I and J] (1) Monthly or less (2) 2 to 4 times a month (3) 2 to 3 times a week (4) 4 or more times a week B) How many drinks containing alcohol do you have on a typical day when you are drinking? (0) 1 or 2 (1) 3 or 4 (2) 5 or 6 (3) 7, 8, or 9 (4) 10 or more C) How often do you have six or more drinks on one occasion? (0) Never (1) Less than monthly (2) Monthly (3) Weekly (4) Daily or almost daily Skip to questions I and J if total score for questions B and C = 0 D) How often during the last year have you found that you were not able to stop drinking once you had started? (0) Never (1) Less than monthly (2) Monthly (3) Weekly (4) Daily or almost daily E) How often during the last year have you failed to do what was normally expected from you because of drinking? (0) Never (1) Less than monthly (2) Monthly (3) Weekly (4) Daily or almost daily F) How often during the last year have you needed a fi rst drink in the morning to get yourself going after a heavy drinking session? (0) Never
A 1991 study by Alan Marlatter, the Jellinek Memorial Award winner for outstanding contributions to knowledge in the field of alcohol studies, shows that few university students believe they have an alcohol problem, but many meet the criteria for alcohol abuse. The real problem with student alcoholism, then, may be one of perception, rather than consumption. Though it has been suggested that as students mature they drink less, when Kacew was asked if students’ drinking habits were likely to change if their social setting changed later in life he replied, “You need to ask a psychic.” f
G) How often during the last year have you had a feeling of guilt or remorse after drinking? (0) Never (1) Less than monthly (2) Monthly (3) Weekly (4) Daily or almost daily H) How often during the last year have you been unable to remember what happened the night before because you had been drinking? (0) Never (1) Less than monthly (2) Monthly (3) Weekly (4) Daily or almost daily I) Have you or someone else been injured as a result of your drinking? (0) No (2) Yes, but not in the last year (4) Yes, during the last year J) Has a relative, friend, or a doctor or another health worker been concerned about your drinking or suggested you cut down? (0) No (2) Yes, but not in the last year (4) Yes, during the last year According to the WHO’s Guidelines for Use in Primary Care, which describes how the AUDIT should be used, “Total scores of eight or more are recommended as indicators of hazardous and harmful alcohol use, as well as possible alcohol dependence…Technically speaking, higher scores simply indicate greater likelihood of hazardous and harmful drinking. However, such scores may also reflect greater severity of alcohol problems and dependence, as well as a greater need for more intensive treatment…In most cases the total AUDIT score will reflect the patient’s level of risk related to alcohol.”
14 | arts&culture
thefulcrum.ca | Feb. 18–March 2, 2011
featured review Jay Crocker Co-Stars
savedbugdripflemishartmythology ANNOYANCE, DISAPPOINTMENT, AND noise are the only things Jay Crocker’s latest album Co-Stars has to offer. While this attempt to infuse pop music with an aspect of instrumental experimentation is quite intriguing, the end product of Crocker’s efforts is anything but. The album is so disjointed and bizarre that it will have you praying for someone to turn off the stereo. Almost every song on the album follows the same recipe: one part potentially catchy hook and over 9,000 parts discombobulating sounds. The only song that escapes this formula is the track “Squid Tits” which is all noise—really bad noise. It’s like your radio went out, drank too much, and spent the rest of the night hugging the toilet. The verdict is out on this one: avoid it at all costs. If a friend suggests it, it might be wise to stop hanging out with them. Deleting them off Facebook wouldn’t be too bold either. —Chase Patterson
The Fall Parlophone IN GORILLAZ’S NEW release The Fall, fans may be surprised by Damon Albarn’s unconventional musical methods in creating it (a vast majority of the music was composed on his iPad). However, any worries about drastic changes in styles should be dispelled. Though not as strong as a traditional Gorillaz album, The Fall is an excellent companion to Plastic Beach. Each song was recorded in a different city on their world tour, including the opening instrumental track “Phoner to Arizona”, ironically recorded in Montreal. By recording in so many different locations, and once again borrowing the talent of great musicians such as Bobby Womack and Paul Simon, Albarn has created a clever and unique musical diary of the Gorillaz’s fi rst world tour. The Fall is something really special and only further proves that Albarn definitely knows what he’s doing. —Brennan Bova
The Glass Chain Fer et Verre Unsigned
WITH INFECTIOUS CATCHY riffs and delightfully danceable beats, local student band The Glass Chain will have you dancing like Justin Timberlake. Their debut EP, Fer et Verre, features members DJ Nik Salad and Evan Mullen collaborating with other local artists—including Pascal Huot from Hotshotcasino and Yves Neron from StrayOtic— to produce a fantastic mix of funk, house, disco, and electro. The EP is filled with a distinct “French-touch” vibe. It balances the computer-generated beats with guitar and saxophone recordings. Think Daft Punk with less computers and a live band to back them up. Every track stands out with its own lyrics and hooks. Playing Fer et Verre on repeat is one step away from hypnosis; you will lose yourself in the instrumentals and spacey vocals. For a debut EP, Fer et Verre pushes all of the right buttons to get people interested. —Chase Patterson
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Hey Rosetta! Seeds Sonic Records
BACK WITH THEIR second studio album, Hey Rosetta! has improved on their mulit-instrument style. Expanding and improving on their sound from the first release, the St. John’s-based group has done a great job of putting together its follow-up. Seeds features the same style as the fi rst album—like Arcade Fire colliding with Bruce Springsteen—but this time, they made better use of all of their members. On the fi rst album, it seemed as though the cellist, violinist, and second guitarist were semi-superfluous, but on Seeds they are all entirely justified. Th is band is gaining steady recognition throughout North America, and with music like this, it’s not surprising. If you’re already a fan, pick up Seeds. If not, pick it up anyway—it will probably turn you into one. —Brennan Bova
thefulcrum.ca | Feb. 18–March 2, 2011
arts&culture | 15
The importance of being cohesive
OSCAR WILDE MOVES TO INDIA
photo courtesy David Whiteley
The Importance of Being Earnest gets a makeover with a new setting
The Gladstone’s The Importance of Being Earnest gets reviewed Charlotte Bailey | Fulcrum Staff
I LOVE OSCAR Wilde. The Importance of Being Earnest has been my favourite play for awhile, and when I saw it was playing at the Gladstone, I knew I had to see it. For anyone unfamiliar with the work, this is an old tale of confused identity: Jack, who’s in love with Gwendolyn, goes by the name of Earnest when he’s in the city. He visits the city constantly, telling his ward in the country, Cecily, that he has to deal with his made-up brother Earnest’s problems. When Algeron comes to the country home to meet Cecily, claiming he’s the brother “Earnest” whom no
one has ever met, all hell breaks loose. Th is story was originally set in London, but the Gladstone’s performance sets it in colonial British India. When I fi rst heard this, I thought that perhaps the change was made to modernize the time period without getting rid of the class system that the story relies upon heavily. However, I soon realized that—in all honesty—since all the characters remained British, not much had changed. Th is is what I found particularly disappointing about the performance; it would appear that the move of the story from Europe to Asia was only incorporated into the script when the director
felt it interesting. Butlers and maids were Indian, a sitar played in the background, and there was a Bollywood dance number at the end. But other than that, no costumes worn by the main characters reflected the Indian culture, the decor consisted of strange elephant stage flats that doubled as windows, and, although the programs carried a complete guide to the Indian places and customs depicted, the words didn’t fit into the written lines as smoothly as one would have hoped. In other words, it was just a hodgepodge of British and Indian customs that didn’t tie the story together. A real commitment to the time and place would have made this play fantastic. The acting was superb, and other than the cheesy, out-of-place Bollywood number at the end, I would recommend this play to anyone who’s staying in Ottawa for the reading week, as it will be playing f until Feb. 26.
Snapshot Charlotte Bailey Arts & Culture Editor
Royal entertainment I’LL ADMIT IT—I openly love the royal family. Perhaps I feel a bit of a personal connection to the royal family because my mother is British, but I think the royals are awesome. I won’t debate their place in our government or society (because that debate would go on forever), but I will say that I’ve seen a lot of the royals in the media recently. Queen Elizabeth II has been ruling for 59 years as of last week, and, although she’s married, has been doing it mostly on her own (in royal sexist fashion: her husband is a prince, instead of the king). She’s 85 years old and shows no signs of slowing down! And then there’s Prince Charles, who is seemingly uninvolved in the public eye, saying “sod off ” to royal customs and marrying the woman he loves—his mistress, Camilla. Then, we get to see his sons, Princes William and Harry—handsome as all get out—grow up, make mistakes, and, ultimately, turn into royal decision makers. It’s enough drama to make up the script of a soap opera. My favourite royals have got to be fiancées William and princess-to-be Kate Middleton. They’ve broken nearly all of the rules that go along with royal courting: she’s not a royal, although her father is quite rich; they’ve lived together before marriage, or even engagement; and she’s the first royal bride to nix the centuryold tradition of travelling by ceremonial coach to her wedding. Th is, I think, is what I like most about Kate—she’s so down-to-earth. She wears clothes from Topshop; she’s opting for a car instead
of a horse and carriage; and she had a career while being William’s girlfriend. She’s also sparking debates all over the place regarding women in the monarchy, forcing scholars to question whether she should be given an equal reign as queen. As far as I can remember, other than oh-so-hilarious parodies in comedic movies, the royals have been portrayed in the media as stiff-lipped, upper-crust snobs—never smiling, their praise going only to those who deserve it. But suddenly, I’m seeing all of these appearances of royals in more colloquial settings; Kate Middleton seems to have an “equalizer” effect. Her story isn’t exactly a Cinderella-type, but she’s a regular person who seems to be breaking norms. Rather than becoming a part of the disengaged British monarchy, she seems to be bringing the royals to us in a more accessible way. Everything in the news I’ve heard since their engagement has been about how happy they are, how down-to-earth they wish to be, and what their wedding is going to be like. And while I anticipate what she’ll wear on their happy day, I wonder if her presence will change the image of the monarchy. Will she mix into their reserved style? Or will she mix up the portrayl of worldwide leaders by doing away with unnecessary traditions, and doing what’s best for the people, regardless of what’s “proper”? The jury is out on this one, but one thing’s for sure—the next generation of monarchs will be nothing like those before it. Long live the Queen. email@example.com (613) 562 5931
This little Fulcrum wants to work with you next year. see p. 3 for more information
Student plans to write 100 songs in 100 days Hotshot Casino member sets musical challenge for himself Charlotte Bailey | Fulcrum Staff
MUSICIAN PASCAL HUOT is challenging himself to write a song per day over the course of 100 days. As each day begins, this Hotshot Casino member composes a song from beginning to end,
writing about whatever inspires him that morning. Huot is currently on day 26 of his challenge, and he fi nds that so far, he’s living up to the challenge. “I’m tired,” Huot jokes. “It’s pretty hard to keep up with it.” Huot says the idea came to him while his band stopped making music and performing temporarily in November during exam time. “I was kind of bored,” he says. “I’m taking a break from the band right now, and I needed something to pour myself into. I was looking at my behaviour toward music—me always thinking about it, even comparing it to religious behaviour—I thought it would be fun to prac-
tice music every day.” Huot explains that his reasons for setting this challenge for himself aren’t fuelled by anything other than his desire to improve his songwriting skills. “There’s no concrete reason [why I’m writing the songs],” says Huot. “It’s not some sort of weird bet. It’s just to fi nd things that I otherwise would never have found.” All of Huot’s creations have been posted online, free to download. “I just figured that I might as well let people enjoy them,” he explains. “What I’d like to do—if I actually pull this off— is to take a step back and look at what I liked in there, and what I disliked, and
I don’t have any time to second-guess what I do, which is pretty essential in writing a strong piece of music. –Pascal Huot, Hotshot Casino member
actually work on them. [Currently], I don’t have any time to second-guess what I do, which is pretty essential in writing a strong piece of music.” Hotshot Casino has started to rehearse for their upcoming March 4 show, which will end their six-month hiatus. Huot’s looking forward to getting back to the band, but is also anxiously anticipating May 2—the final day of his 100-day challenge. “It’s three days before my birthday, f which is awesome,” he explains. All of Huot’s songs are available online at soundcloud.com/newgrammar.
16 | arts&culture
thefulcrum.ca | Feb. 18–March 2, 2011
Oscar-nominated film based on NAC play Story depicts the struggles of Canadian immigrants Dani-Elle Dube | Fulcrum Staff
“THE ACADEMY AWARD goes to...” Those are the five magic words that fi lmmakers dream of hearing one day, and for a group of Canadians, that dream might become a reality. Incendies, a movie based on a French play by National Arts Centre (NAC) writer Wajdi Mouawad, is up for Best Foreign Language Film at the 83rd Academy Awards. The story centres around twins who are sent on a journey by their dying mother to the Middle East in search of their roots. The story was inspired by Soha Becharra, who was imprisoned in Lebanon for six years. The fi lm received critical acclaim at the Toronto, Venice, and Telluride Film Festivals, among others, and, according to president and CEO of the NAC, “is quickly gaining a reputation as one of the fi nest Canadian fi lms ever made.” “When Quebec fi lm director Denis Villeneuve saw the play in 2004, he was so moved by it that he wanted to adapt it into a fi lm,” explains NAC communications director Rosemary Thompson via email. “Mr. Villeneuve asked for Wajdi Mouawad’s permission to adapt the play into a fi lm, and he was
given carte blanche to make the story his own. While the storyline is the same, Mr. Mouawad is very humble about the success of the fi lm, saying it is Mr. Villeneuve’s creation. “I saw the fi lm last fall in theatres; I thought it was a very powerful fi lm, and demonstrated the complexities and tragedy of a family being torn apart by civil war,” recalls Thompson. “I think his story resonates with so many Canadians who have come here to seek a peaceful life, but still need to come to terms with the confl ict they fled from originally.” Incendies is up against four other nominations; Biutiful from Mexico, Dogtooth from Greece, In a Better World from Denmark, and Outside the Law from Algeria. “Canada has a very good chance of winning an Oscar, and we have our fi ngers crossed for Wajdi Mouawad and Denis Villeneuve for Feb. 27,” says Thompson. “Canada has won before—for Denis Arcand’s wonderful fi lm, Decline of the American Empire. It’s high time we won f again!” The Academy Awards take place Feb. 27 at 8 p.m. on ABC. Incendies is now playing in theatres across Ottawa.
INCENDIES SHOWS STRUGGLE WITH IDENTITY Twins travel to Middle East in Oscar-nominated Canadian film
photos courtesy Scott Martin Visuals
cover faster. It got him to start using his hands, and had him working to get his grip back. How did the accident affect the band? Strobo: After that happened, we didn’t want to write negative music, because what happened to him was so shitty— and his miracle recovery was so good— that we just wanted to ride off that positive energy.
Become the Sun produce first EP despite wounded drummer LOCAL OTTAWA BAND Become the Sun, made up of U of O and Algonquin graduates, will be celebrating their fi rst EP release on Feb. 25 at Live Lounge (128 York St.). In an interview with the Fulcrum, bass player Matt Stobo and vocalist/guitar player Theepan tell the story of how their band released their fi rst album—all while watching their drummer recover from a life-altering injury. The Fulcrum: How would you defi ne your musical style? Theepan: Our basic influences would have to be 90s rock. It really shaped this upcoming EP. When you came together three years ago, did you find all of your members had a similar taste in music? Theepan: I would say that our foundations of our musical aspects are very
What inspired the songs on your new album, Fire? Theepan: A lot of it was self-discovery. I think that was a major component, especially lyrically. It’s about taking the time to figure yourself out. There’s an underlying theme of love.
similar. Stobo: Having said that, though, there were a couple of kinks that we had to work out before we could get rolling. Like what? Theepan: In terms of writing, writing style, and the overall direction of where we wanted to go musically, I think that everyone had their own vision. It takes time with a band—it takes a few years to get to know each other and experiment with sound. And how did you deal with your differences? Theepan: We’re democratic. We all appreciate everyone’s input, and I think that’s reflected a lot in the music. We’re honest with our music, so we have to be honest with ourselves, in how we talk to each other. If we’re not honest with each
other, our music isn’t going to be as pure as we want it to be. Tell me about the accident your drummer suffered. Stobo: [Our drummer Evan Camm and I] were doing construction, and we were taking out a bathroom. He pulled down a section of wall and too much fell off. A piece of ceramic cut off his wrist. All his tendons, all his arteries, were damaged. His hand wasn’t completely cut off, but his knuckles were touching the back of his arm. We got him directly into emer-
gency surgery— Theepan: (interrupts) [Stobo] was so fast on his feet that he pulled off his belt and tied his arm up. That’s what saved Evan from losing more blood. The doctors told Evan at the time that thinking about playing the drums should have been one of the things furthest from his mind. He was told that he’d have a 20–25 per cent chance of actually being able to use his hand. His nerves were shot. But within three months, he started playing drums [again]. I think it motivated him to re-
What’s the Feb. 25 launch party going to be like? Theepan: We’re going to make it more party-centric. There’s defi nitely going to be some party antics going on for sure— I’ll leave that as a secret to be anticipated for the day of. There’s going to be two bands opening for us, and a $10 cover. What are your plans after this release? Theepan: Th is is the first of four instalments. It’s a part of our Four Elements collection, with each new elementthemed release coming out every four months. Our next release will be Water. Srobo: We also hope to enter the Big Money Shot. We did it last year, and we won the first round, which won us $5,000. That gave us enough money to f put the [EP] together.
SPORTS EDITOR | Jaehoon Kim | firstname.lastname@example.org | (613) 562 5260
Ready for the playoffs Women’s volleyball defeats Queen’s 3-1 to earn second seed in division Jaehoon Kim and Chris Radojewski | Fulcrum Staff
THE FEB. 9 women’s volleyball eyb match-up between wee the Ottawa Gee-Gees and the Queen’s Golden Gaels was essentially a battle for second place in the Ontario East division. Only the top two teams from the Ontario East division earn homecourt advantage in the playoffs; both teams were highly motivated to clinch the second seed behind the topranked York Lions (14-5). The atmosphere
QUEENS OF THE VOLLEYBALL COURT
photo by Alex Martin
Tess Edwards (pictured above) blocks a potential Gaels’ kill, Feb. 9
at Montpetit Hall was electric before the start of the match—a huge portion of the crowd was forced to stand the whole game because so many fans were present.
“Our kids know that we’re the only ones [in Ontario] to get these crowds. Our kids just feed off of the [energy]. They’re young, [but] they don’t make more mistakes, they seem to actually rise to it,” said Gees head coach Lionel Woods. “Having fans like this makes it so special to play at home. Th is was my last home game [of my career] and I’m very happy with it,” said graduating fi ft hyear setter Tess Edwards. The fi rst set started off great for the Garnet and Grey. A thunderous kill by second-year outside hitter Laura Carmanico gave the Gees the fi rst point of the match. With the score tied at 8-8 midway through the fi rst set, a well-
placed service ace by Edwards sparked a 10-1 Ottawa run. The Gees would eventually take the set by a score of 25-19, with rookie Myriam English scoring the fi nal point for the home side. However, the talented Gaels squad managed to squeak out a win in the second set, 26-24, thanks to a stingy defence. Woods said that the Gees were never deflated, even after the close loss. “We looked like we were dominating every point, regardless of whether we were [winning]. Even when [we] lost the second [set], we played the same [way], and Queen’s did not have enough in the next game.” After spending all of their energy
on winning the second set, the Golden Gaels slowly faded throughout the rest of the game. Up 24-16 in the third frame, Edwards—who was named Ottawa’s player of the match—delivered a skillful kill to end the set. The Gee-Gees also won the fourth and fi nal set with relative ease, 25-20. English and rookie Kayla Bell Hammond led the way with 14 points each, while Edwards fi nished with 32 assists, 10 points, and six service aces. “That’s as perfect as I could have asked them to play,” said a delighted Woods after the game. “I could not ask for anything more from our team. Th at’s playoff ready and that’s what I’m excited
about.” With the win, Ottawa fi nishes with a 13-6 regular season record, including a sparkling 8-0 split at home. Queen’s fi nished in third place with a 12-7 record, which means they will re-visit Montpetit Hall on Feb. 19 for an Ontario quarterfi nals game. If the Gees win again, they will earn a spot in the provincial Final Four tournament. Despite the loss, Queen’s head coach Joely ChristianMacfarlane seemed to be looking forward to the rematch in the playoffs. “I love playing Ottawa. They’re a fantastic team and they’re physical,” said Christian-Macfarlane. “Bring it on! It’ll f be a brand new game.”
18 | sports
thefulcrum.ca | Feb. 18–March 2, 2011
Can’t do it the easy way Ottawa clinches third place after splitting weekend in Toronto
Jaehoon Kim Sports Editor
Johnny for ROY
Jaehoon Kim | Fulcrum Staff
ON FEB. 11, the Gee-Gees men’s basketball team had a chance to take a stranglehold of third place in the Ontario East division with a road win against the Ryerson Rams (10-11). Ottawa had already beaten Ryerson by 12 points on home court, but the feisty Rams were on a roll, winning seven of their last nine games. Ryerson’s hot streak continued against the Gees that night, with the Rams defeating Ottawa 85-76. The Gee-Gees fell behind early in the game as a disorganized offence led to numerous turnovers. Ryerson took advantage by easily scoring points off Ottawa gaffes. Fift h-year centre Louis Gauthier tried to breathe some life into his team, scoring 10 points in the fi rst quarter alone, but Ottawa still trailed by seven after 10 minutes of play. “We’ve had a little bit of success as of late,” said Gees head coach James Derouin. “And [we] came in unprepared. It’s common with a young team. You start to believe in your own hype and press and then you lay an egg.” The Gee-Gees did eventually take a small lead during the third quarter thanks to Gauthier’s stellar performance. “Our effort was there and it got us back in the game a little bit,” explained Derouin. Yet with the game tied at 62 heading into the fourth quarter, the resurgent Rams responded with strong play in the fi nal 10 minutes to close out a crucial victory. Gauthier scored 25 points and 11 rebounds in a losing effort, while rookie guard Johnny Berhanemeskel added 19. “Tomorrow’s game is a must-win if we want to hold on to third place. It’s [es-
from the press box
photo courtesy Stephen Kassim, Ryerson Athletics
Gabriel Gonthier-Dubue stuffs a Rams’ shot attempt sentially] a playoff game. We feel like we can beat Toronto, but if we come out like we did tonight, we won’t have a chance,” said a disappointed Derouin after the Ryerson game. Fortunately for Gee-Gees fans and Ottawa’s head coach, the team played much better on Feb. 12 against the higher-ranked Toronto Varsity Blues (14-7). Behind a phenomenal 41-point effort from third-year guard Warren Ward, the Gees cruised to a 94-71 win. Ward set a career-high in points scored in a single game—he sunk 16 of 18 shots that he took, including all five from beyond the arc. Ward also added 10 rebounds for his third double-double in the past four contests.
The veteran star wingman was at his best in the fourth quarter when his team needed him the most. Though Ottawa was leading by 21 points early in the third frame, the Varsity Blues eventually trimmed the deficit down to eight heading into the fi nal 10 minutes of play. But Ward put a stop to any potential Toronto comeback by exploding for 16 points in the fourth quarter—sealing the win for the Gee-Gees. After the eventful weekend, Ottawa is now 11-10 and have clinched third place in the Ontario East division. They will host the Carleton Ravens (21-0) on Feb. 18 and then the sixth-seeded Laurentian Voyageurs (7-14) on Feb. 23 for their f fi rst-round playoff match.
BACK IN SEPTEMBER, I asked Gees men’s basketball head coach James Derouin to arrange an interview between me and one of his rookie players. Derouin introduced me to “Johnny Berhane” and we had a pretty standard 15-minute interview. After meeting with Johnny, two thoughts crossed my mind. First of all, I was happy to see a media-friendly rookie join the Gee-Gees; Johnny provided insightful and articulate answers to all of my inquiries. But more importantly, he simply looked too skinny to be a Canadian Interuniversity Sport (CIS) basketball player—I thought Johnny needed to gain about 20 pounds or so before he could make an impact on the team. Now it’s mid-February, and it’s clear that I was wrong on two fronts. I now know that Johnny’s actual full last name is Berhanemeskel, not Berhane. And the 18-year-old has already established himself as being one of the best players in the province, if not the CIS. Berhanemeskel is the most prolific three-point shooter in the conference, having drained 61 shots from beyond the arc. But the six-foot-one guard is not just a one-trick pony. Berhanemeskel is a top 15 Ontario player in a number of statistical categories including: field goals made, field goal percentage, three-pointers made, three-pointers percentage, points scored, points per game, free throw percentage, steals, and blocks. Yes, Berhanemeskel is in the midst of a truly historic season. He has already broken almost every single school scoring record by a rookie player. Third-year guard Warren Ward scored 215 points in his highly successful rookie season;
Berhanemeskel has 336 so far this year. How about the Gee-Gees all-time single season three-pointers record? Marko Jovic set the previous high of 44, way back in 2002. And Berhanemeskel has accomplished all of this while competing against players in their early-to-mid 20s; the Gees rookie guard won’t turn legal drinking age for another eight months. Strangely enough, Berhanemeskel’s magical season has not garnered much attention from the media. Of course, most CIS analysts are too busy obsessing over the Gees’ cross-town rivals, the 21-0 Carleton Ravens. While the socalled experts are going gaga over Ravens forward Tyson Hinz and his head coach Dave Smart, Berhanemeskel is quietly making a case for the CIS Rookie of the Year (ROY) award. The Gee-Gees have compiled a 10-4 record after their 1-6 start thanks, in large part, to the play of Berhanemeskel; unfortunately, it seems that many people have completely forgotten about Ottawa’s “other team” and its players. It’s true that there are other great ROY candidates in the CIS, including one in the same division—Ryerson’s point guard Jahmal Jones, who is averaging over 17 points per game. But as someone who has followed the Gees’ rollercoaster season all year long, it would be a travesty if Berhanemeskel weren’t among the fi nalists for the CIS ROY after his amazing season. Johnny, you certainly have my vote—regardless of what your last name really is. email@example.com (613) 562 5931
thefulcrum.ca | Feb. 18–March 2, 2011
sports | 19
Throwing rocks at houses U of O student balances school, work, and being a nationally ranked curler Ali Schwabe | Fulcrum Staff
TUDENTS OFTEN COMPLAIN about the difficulties they face when trying to balance their school life with their part-time job and their social life, but fourth-year human kinetics major Rachel Homan manages to do it all. Oh, and she’s also a nationally ranked curler. Homan and her team will be representing the province of Ontario at the national Scotties Tournament of Hearts in Charlottetown, Feb. 17 to 27, in one of the most prestigious curling tournaments in the world. The Fulcrum had the chance to speak with the 21-year-old about making friends, the sport of curling, and how her young team has set their sights on the Olympics. Homan has been curling since she was five years old, and said that her family first introduced her to the sport. “It was just in my family. My parents and grandparents played, my brother played [too].” Not only has she been playing since
the age of five, but she’s been playing well. Her team has been together for 10 years and they’re currently ranked among the top dozen teams in the country. They were the 2010 Canadian junior champions, the 2010 silver medalists at the World Curling Championships, and they were named Women’s Team of the Year at the Ottawa Sports Awards ceremony. Homan said that one of the best parts of curling is getting to see the world while competing at tournaments. “You get to travel all over. I got to go to Switzerland last year [for the World Curling Championships] and I’ve been to every province in Canada now. It’s a fun way to travel.” Another aspect she enjoys is meeting people. “It’s a very social sport too. You get to make friends from all over and then [you] get to visit them again later.” Homan also admitted that there are difficulties in being a nationally ranked curler and a post-secondary student. “Defi nitely it’s [challenging], because I’ve got a part-time job, an internship, and school. It’s tough to balance it all.” She seems to be managing just fi ne though, because on Jan. 30 her team became the first team ever to win the Ontario Scotties Tournament of Hearts in their fi rst season after graduating from the junior ranks. Despite their youth, Homan said that going into the tournament, “We thought our chances were
SWEEPING FOR A GOLD MEDAL
photo courtesy Team Homan
Rachel Homan and her teammates are looking for a top finish at the national Scotties Tournament of Hearts good ... We’re all dedicated and [now] we’re excited to go to Charlottetown.” One of the team’s keys to success? “We just take it one day at a time, one game at a time,” said Homan. The team plans on using this mentality, along with the experience they’ve gained while playing against strong teams, in various tourna-
ments and bonspiels to meet their ultimate goal. “We want to get to the Olympics. A few years ago, it looked like the 2014 Olympics would be the ones we could get to.” In 2009, the team qualified for Olympic pre-trials, and were the only Junior team to have ever participated in this
event. They fi nished with a 3-3 record, and they’re preparing for the next pretrials. “We’re just playing more teams and getting more experience to be ready for the trials.” It’s not hard to picture that, with this experience, Team Homan will f one day be unstoppable.
ners] in the world. Sticking with him for the first 800 metres felt really great,” said Boast. All Gee-Gees athletes were enjoying a rare chance to race on their home turf; this was only the third meet held in Ottawa so far this season. “We’re really lucky to have this track. It’s one of the only 400-m indoor tracks in North America,” explained Boast. “Sure, the corners are tough, but some of my best times have been on this indoor track, so I love it.” “The travelling takes a lot out of you on race days. It’s nice to have a lot more fans too. It increases the energy levels, for sure,” added second-year runner Chase
Horvath, who finished 12th in the 1000m race. Some Gee-Gees athletes saw the meet as a great opportunity to qualify for the Ontario fi nals—hosted by York University, Feb. 25–26. In the women’s 1000-m race, second-year health science major Zeena Rashid fi nished in second place with a time of 3:04.50, earning her a spot at the provincials. “I got a lot better throughout the season and a lot of girls on the team improved their times as well,” said Rashid. Other top results for the Gee-Gees included second-place fi nishes by veterans Julie Tousaw (women’s 600-m) and Patrick Arbour (men’s shot put), while fi rst-
year sprinter David Biocchi earned fi rst place in the men’s 300-m event. “There’s a lot of depth in this year’s team—a good spread of seniors, as well as newcomers who are also pulling their weight and contributing,” said team manager Brennan Loh. “It would be nice to beat our last year’s performance of [fi nishing] eighth overall at the nationals.” Ottawa’s women’s track and field team is currently ranked fi ft h nationally while the men are ranked ninth. The Gee-Gees will compete at the McGill University Last Chance Qualifier in Montreal on Feb. 18 before heading to the Ontario f fi nals.
Dome, sweet dome Jaehoon Kim | Fulcrum Staff
IT WAS A typical wintry day in Ottawa on Feb. 12, with a heavy snow fall accompanied by bone-chilling winds. But inside the friendly confines of the LouisRiel Dome, hundreds of talented studentathletes were competing at the fifth annual Winter National Invitational track and field meet hosted by the U of O. The competition started off well for the Garnet and Grey as first-year hurdler Ashlea Maddex broke a school record in
the 60-m hurdles preliminaries with a time of 8.63 seconds. She later re-broke her record in the fi nals, as Maddex fi nished first in 8.49 seconds. Soon after, first-year runner Cody Boast posted a time of 2:30.39 in the men’s 1000-m race, setting another school record—previously set by Sean McAlpine in 1993. Boast fi nished in second place, behind Yves Sikubwabo of the Ottawa Lions club. “The race went really well. I ran with Yves [Sikubwabo]. He’s a refugee from Rwanda and he’s one of the top [run-
20 | sports
thefulcrum.ca | Feb. 18–March 2, 2011
Eating for all-day energy A way to fuel your body for maximum performance Marco Walker-Ng | Fulcrum Contributor
PICTURE YOURSELF AS a 2004 Toyota Prius. If you had the choice of fi lling yourself with gas that kept you full for a week, or gas that was gone within a day, which one would you choose? It’s a no brainer. So, how come when people make food choices, they do the exact opposite of what seems to make the most sense? Eating right can keep you running longer and more efficiently, with less refueling. If we were to make an energy pyra-
mid, sleep would be at the base, as it is impossible to truly have an abundance of energy without getting consistent, solid sleep. The middle section of the energy pyramid is made up of your nutrition and exercise. In order to increase your energy levels with exercise, you have to move enough to make yourself sweat. But what should you do in terms of nutrition? The glycemic index Macronutrients are nutrients that the body needs to function optimally, consisting of proteins, carbohydrates, and fats. Here is your crash course in biochemistry, for all those who may not be so familiar with glycolysis. Carbs are broken down into their simplest pieces—after being ingested—into sugars. The glycemic index measures how fast it takes a food to turn into glucose in your bloodstream. If you eat things that are high on the glycemic index, they spike your blood sugar level for a brief period of time, only to let it drop just as fast—leaving you running on an empty tank. The other thing that happens when you eat food is that you release a hormone called insulin, which is responsible for counteracting the effect of sugar in the blood. If there is more sugar than your body needs, it will be stored as fat! You will have a lot of energy for a short period,
but once the insulin reduces your blood sugar, you will resemble a sloth more than a human being. When you eat foods low on the glycemic index, it takes a while for them to be converted into blood sugar, providing you with sustainable energy. So instead of having ups and downs, you are simply high all the time—much like Snoop Dogg. If you are consistently spiking your blood sugar, you are going to overwork the insulin system. Th ink of what would happen if your boss made you work 17 hours a day in the blistering heat. How long would it be before you got injured? If you are always messing with your insulin, you will increase your risk for developing Type 2 diabetes. So what do you eat to keep blood sugar levels steady? Well, the key is to include balanced amounts of macronutrients in each meal. Here are some examples of healthy sources of macroCarbohydrates: Oatmeal, quinoa, fruits, nutrients. vegetables, beans, lentils, sweet potatoes Protein: Lean meats, eggs, seafood, whey Fats: Nuts, avocadoes, olive oil, coconut oil
sports briefS Gee-Gees finish fourth at Ontario swimming championships THE GEES VARSITY swim team suited up for the Ontario University Athletics (OUA) Championships at the University of Guelph from Feb. 10 to 12. The women’s team sent all 15 of their members to Guelph, and 14 more swimmers from the men’s team rounded out the Ottawa squad. With 24 of the 29 swimmers in their first year, the pressure was on. The first day saw some record-breaking swimming from third-year backstroker Matt Hawes, who won the 100-m backstroke race while beating a school record. Hawes was back in action again on Friday, achieving a gold medal in the 200m backstroke with a time that broke the OUA record. Rookie Eryn Weldon also broke a 17-year-old school record as she fi nished in third place in the 200-m individual medley. The fi nal day of competition saw both the men’s and women’s team capture a fourth-place overall fi nish while Hawes was named the male swimmer of the meet. Second-year swimmer Adam Best had a strong showing for the Gees as well, capturing a silver and two bronze medals. The top women on the team were Weldon, fi rst-year swimmer Chantelle Boduel, and third-year captain Kara Demers, who led the way with strong performances. —Katrina Medwenitsch Women’s hockey team crushed 10-0 at McGill
The fi nal step is putting them together. 1. Each meal should be centered on a lean source of protein about the size of your palm. 2. Each meal should have a small amount of healthy fat. 3. Each meal should have some fruits or vegetables. 4. If you are going to eat a lot of carbs, it is best to eat them in the morning and after a hard workout. f Marco Walker-Ng is a personal trainer and a strength coach for the Gee-Gees.
WITH ONLY THREE regular season games left, the University of Ottawa women’s hockey team travelled to McGill (18-0-0) on Feb. 12 to take on the best team in Canada. The Gee-Gees needed to come out exceptionally hungry, but the nationally fi rst-ranked Martlets buried the Gees 10-0 in a dismal game for Ottawa. Right from the get-go, things were not in the Gees’ favour. Proving to be the least disciplined of the two teams, Ottawa took five penalties in just the first period, giving up four goals. Both first-year goaltender Tia Marley and second-year goaltender Stephanie Auger were in net for the Gees and faced 41 shots. In comparison, the Martlets’ goalie, Charline Labonte, only faced 17 shots for her 37th shutout while playing for McGill, a Canadian Interuniversity Sport record. The Gees (6-11-1) will play their fi nal games on Feb. 19–20. They are currently fi ft h in the Quebec conference. —Katrina Medwenitsch
illustration by Carolyn Frank
Keeping your sweetie happy without sweets Finding the balance between having healthy relationships and a healthy body Tamara Tarchichi | Fulcrum Staff
HAVING A HEALTHY diet and a healthy love relationship are the perfect ideals in maintaining a joyful and optimistic lifestyle, yet we always seem to give attention to one more than the other. Building a relationship with a significant other is usually our main focus in life and we are pretty determined keeners when trying to fi nd Mr. or Mrs. Right. Meanwhile, we neglect nutritious meals on a daily basis. But the truth is, eating right is the only guarantee to having happiness in life. When you consume foods with high saturated fats, you become tired, grumpy, and insecure. A nutritious diet can actually supply you with positive and loving energy to give to a significant companion. Here are tips on how you can have a healthy, balanced relationship with your food—just like the one you have with your sweetheart. Keep your eyes on the prize You want to achieve your ideal weight for the summer (or that trip to Cancun with your boyfriend during reading week), but you don’t have time to hit the gym with
midterms and assignments approaching. The moderate way to achieve success is through balance. Learn to weigh the scales by organizing your time effectively and efficiently on your calendar. Allocate workout time in your schedule without distractions. Turn off your iPhones at the gym because you are likely to skip out on gym time if you receive a text message from your lover suggesting a coffee at Second Cup. The ultimate key to achieving inner peace is when you learn to productively balance the time you devote to yourself and to others. Never mind fad diets Our mind, body, and soul are constantly targeted to give in to the latest diet fads. Companies invest tremendous amounts of money on celebrity endorsements while reminding us of how amazing Photoshop actually is. When you decide to start making healthier choices, you think of dieting, right? That’s no surprise when we are bombarded with delusional ads that say, “lose 30 pounds in just three months,” while promising us perfect bodies or our money back guaranteed. What these diets don’t tell you is that
there are no foods that are “bad” for us. We can eat almost everything, but how much of it we eat is what makes the difference. Stick to making healthier food choices without necessarily cutting certain foods out of your diet; don’t listen to advertisers and make subtle, healthy changes. Inner happiness creates a more confident you Sometimes we overconsume at the dinner table because of a bad day we had, a bad grade, or due to emotional distress. Many studies have linked emotional hunger to other external stimuli. There’s a subtle difference between emotional and physical hunger that can lead us to overeat when we are not hungry. The solution to prevent overindulgence is the old-fashioned trick of keeping a food diary. Recording your food choices will help you regulate what you eat and give you the ability to make improved choices. By being more fit, you can raise your self-esteem and have a more positive body image, which will help you sustain a healthier relationship with your sugar pie! f
Men’s hockey drops final two games of regular season OTTAWA’S MEN’S HOCKEY team hit the road last weekend to fi nish off their regular season schedule. The road trip started off poorly in the fi rst game against the McGill Redmen (24-2-2) on Feb. 11. Despite a strong showing in the fi rst period and excellent penalty killing, the Gees would eventually fall 7-0, while only summoning up 18 shots on net. The Gees ventured out to Trois-Rivières (19-8-1) the next day, hoping for a win. Ottawa was down 1-0 in the fi rst period, but goals in the second period by firstyear forward Kyle Ireland and third-year left winger Matthieu Methot ensured that the game would be tied at 2-2 going into the third. However, Trois-Rivières was able to nab a third goal before the 60 minutes were up. For the eighth-seeded Gees (11-14-3), playoffs start on Feb. 16 at McGill against the top-ranked Redmen. The second game of the series is in Ottawa on Feb. 18. —Katrina Medwenitsch
Women’s basketball loses pair of matches in Toronto THE GEE-GEES WOMEN’S basketball team headed to Toronto for their last road trip of the regular season last weekend. They fi rst faced Ryerson (10-11) on Feb. 11. The Gees (13-8) had a weak offensive showing, shooting only 30.4 per cent from the field, which contributed to their 65-57 loss. Despite the defeat, third-year centre Jenna Gilbert had a strong showing, scoring a double-double for the second time this season and closing out the game with 22 points, 11 rebounds, and three assists. The Gees then faced the University of Toronto (17-4) and again, they were unable to muster enough offence, falling to the Varsity Blues by a score of 64-53. Gilbert led the team in scoring with 19 points and nine rebounds. Ottawa will fi nish their season at home against the Carleton Ravens (18-3), Feb. 19. —Katrina Medwenitsch
FEATURES Jaclyn Lytle | firstname.lastname@example.org | (613) 562 5258
Dear Di... Dear Di, I know the weather has perked up a bit, but it wasn’t so long ago that it was so bloody cold out that I felt like my nuts were going to fall off every time I walked to class. One day, while it was epically cold, I popped into the second-hand store on Laurier Street and snatched myself up a one-piece snowsuit I’d seen hanging inside. It was a bit big for me, and it didn’t take long for my dirty mind to get working and realize that I could easily fit myself and my tiny girlfriend in there at once. I’ve been dying to ask her to pop in it with me and have at it, but I’m thinking she may be weirded out by the request. Do you think it’s a bit too odd to ask her? —Snowsuit Sex Fiend Dear SSF, I’m not going to lie to you: there is a serious possibility that your girlfriend is going to find your request a little unorthodox, to say the least. But, like any new and gnarly in-the-sack suggestion, it’s really all about the way you present your point. If you approach your argument the right way, you could easily convince your cutie to do almost any odd thing your penis desires. Now this may sound a bit strange to you, but if you really want to put your snowsuit to good use, it would probably
be best not to ask your girl outright. Next time she’s over and you have some time to yourselves, pull out your snowsuit and bet her any sexual favour she wants that she can’t fit in there with you. That way you’ll have her right where you want her with sex already on the mind. If you can persuade her into your coat with you, you’re golden. Initiate while you’re already wrapped up together, and if she tries to move things to another location like, oh, the bed or something strange like that, then tell her you’re interested in how the clothes-ed location might help heat things up. Love, Di Dear Di, With all the heart-shaped boxes of chocolates and the random mark-ups on bouquets of roses lately, it would be hard for a guy not to notice that it was good ol’ St. Valentine’s Day again. As per her hints, I send three different bouquets to my girl, as well as take her out for lunch and cook her a romantic dinner at my place. I even bought her a sterling silver bracelet and made up a basket of all her favourite treats and chocolates. Her response? “Is that it?” Wtf Di, I spent a fortune on this girl and she still isn’t satisfied. What in God’s name does she want? —Done with Divas
Sexy Sidenote: Most daily hormonal contraceptives (aka th the Pill) are a solid 99.7 per cent effective—but only if you take it within about 30 minutes of o the same time each day. According to recent research, the pill’s effectiveness effectiv can drop all the way down to 92 9 per cent if you decide to take it a all willy-nilly.
Dear DD, You poor kid. Honestly, it sounds like your lady is a little too high-maintenance for her own good. If she’s seriously not satisfied with all the effort you put in, I say drop the diva and grab yourself a gorgeous girl-next-door. Love, Di Dear Di, Usually my boyfriend is fine with going down on me, but last weekend when he was about to get all tongue to taint on me, he pulled away pretty suddenly and said I had to deal with my “sega” before he would go anywhere near my crotch again. My question is, what the hell does a video game have to do with me getting oral? —More into Nintendo Anyways Dear MNA, Either you have awful hearing, or your boyfriend is two condoms short of a combo-pack. The word you’re looking for is “smegma,” not sega. Smegma, also known as knob-cheese or vagina butter, is a white substance secreted from glands in your genitals. Made up of dead cells and oil from your skin, smegma can have a pretty distinct smell and, if left to linger, is pretty likely to turn off any potential partner that takes a close look between your legs. Smegma can just as easily develop in men as in women, but if you snag a small hand mirror, you’ll most likely be able to get a glance at it accumulating around your clitoris and inner labia. The best way to get rid of it is by being more careful about washing the outside of your area, using a gentle soap and a cloth. After about a week of consistent cleaning, you should be smegma-free. Here’s hoping your boyfriend isn’t too grossed out to give you a second chance. Love, Di Have a question for Di? Email email@example.com or follow her on Twitter: @dear_di
answers on p. 9
Puzzles provided by BestCrosswords.com. Used with permission. Across: 1. Not much; 5. Tears; 10. Calamitous; 14. Ornamental fabric; 15. Influence; 16. Part of Q.E.D.; 17. Eye doctor; 20. First name in cosmetics; 21. Direct a gun; 22. Chinese martial arts; 23. Madrid Mrs.; 25. People and places, e.g.; 27. Narrow braid; 31. Names; 35. Bloody conflicts; 36. Land, as a fish; 38. German article; 39. Loss leader?; 40. Put on; 41. Gerund maker; 42. Form of poem, often used to praise something; 43. Bumped into; 44. Place in bondage; 46. Draft classification; 47. Attractive; 49. Large burrowing African mammal; 51. Small branch; 53. 100 square meters; 54. Room at the top; 57. Actress Peeples; 59. Angry; 63. Swollen nodes; 66. Asian sea; 67. Corrodes; 68. Native Canadian; 69. Nada; 70. Doles (out); 71. Makes brown Down: 1. Burn soother; 2. Knocks lightly; 3. Zwei cubed; 4. Hates intensely; 5. Nipper’s co.; 6. First name in jazz; 7. Candidate; 8. Cathedral; 9. Letters on a Cardinal’s cap; 10. Taste carefully; 11. Coloured part of the eye; 12. Impetuous; 13. Famous last words; 18. Mother of Ares; 19. Posessing; 24. An acrostic; 26. As below; 27. Slough; 28. Western; 29. Component of organic fertilizer; 30. Co-op group; 32. Hotelier Helmsley; 33. Bird that gets you down; 34. Move stealthily; 37. Currency of Turkey, and formerly of Italy; 40. Disengage; 45. Least difficult; 46. Perform in an exaggerated manner; 48. Three-bagger; 50. Faucet problem; 52. Excessive; 54. King of comedy; 55. Neophyte; 56. Counterfeiter catcher; 58. Chip in; 60. Gillette brand; 61. At that time; 62. Baby blues; 64. Chair part; 65. CIA forerunner
OPINIONS Mercedes Mueller | firstname.lastname@example.org | (613) 562 5258
Presenting the case for de-federation
Chase Patterson | Fulcrum Staff
HAVE YOU EVER felt completely disconnected from the Student Federation of the University of Ottawa (SFUO)? Do you see it as an unreachable, out of touch entity that doesn’t respond to your needs photo illustration by Kate Waddingham
and concerns? Do you feel more involved with your student association, choice service, or club than with the SFUO? Then de-federation is for you.
Last week’s issue of the Fulcrum included a diagram representing the university’s governance system. An element was omitted from this diagram, the associations that are truly closest to the students: the federated bodies. The federated bodies are such associations as the Student Association of the Faculty of Arts, the Political, International, and Development Studies Student Association, the Engineering Student Society, and so on. These organizations deal directly with students every day and tend to their needs and concerns far more effectively than the SFUO.
De-federation aims to put the federated bodies at the forefront of student politics by bringing drastic changes to the structure of student government. The SFUO executive and the Board of Administrators (BOA) would be done away with in favour of a Board of Directors (BOD) and a fi nancial service. The Board of Directors would be comprised of the president of each federated body, the coordinators of each student service (like the Food Bank, International House, etc.), the managers of each student business (Café Alt, 1848, Pivik, Agora), and the heads of major campus
clubs. Beyond holding monthly public meetings, this board would appoint a single candidate as lead fi nancial coordinator on a yearly basis, whose role would be to manage the fi nancial service. The chief purpose of the fi nancial service would be to allocate funds from student levies to the federated bodies, student services, student businesses, and clubs according to their needs, while managing the overall budget. The benefits of de-federation are fairly straightforward. By eliminating the present system, students would be able
to reconcile with and have more direct access to their political representatives, and through this facilitated access they would be encouraged to participate more actively in student politics. It would also save the student-body approximately $180,000 every year by not having to pay for the SFUO executive’s salary, and would disband the nebulous and out-of-touch BOA. In short, defederation would bring students closer to the school’s politics, while allowing them to save a considerable amount of money every year—something every student supports. f
U-Pass Anonymous Hello, my name is supported the U-Pass Tim Wortle-Feternick | Fulcrum Contributor
THE FIRST STEP to recovery is admitting there is a problem. Will the proponents of the U-Pass take the first step on the road to recovery from a greenwashing campaign? The social experiment formerly known as the U-Pass is an unmitigated environmental and social disaster, and the prophecies of its proponents have fallen flat. The Student Federation of the University of Ottawa’s Sustainable Development Centre supported the U-Pass, and people like Mike Fancie, campaign coordinator
, and I
for the SFUO at the time, encouraged students to vote in favour of the U-Pass because it was “environmentally friendly.” And when students were paying VP University Affairs Ted Horton to campaign for the U-Pass, he created a Facebook page called “The University of Ottawa Needs a Universal Bus Pass,” and claimed the environmental benefits of the U-Pass would include reduced greenhouse gases, smog, and traffic congestion. It’s time for the pro-U-Pass camp to cease their false environmental advertising in light of a recent independent study commissioned by the City of Ottawa. This survey examined how transportation modes at the university have changed now
that the U-Pass has been implemented. Since the $290 fee has been imposed, car use has only declined by 0.2 per cent, but healthy initiatives like walking and biking have decreased by 50 per cent. Th is comes as no surprise; when you force people to subsidize an activity such as urban sprawl, people with inflexible budgets will have no choice but to alter their behaviour. Not only are there negative environmental effects to this reduction in healthy commuting methods, but there are also harmful social consequences. By reducing the number of cyclists from roads, proponents of the U-Pass have endangered what few cyclists remain. By removing walkers from sidewalks, they have removed visible support for important capital projects such as the Corktown Bridge. But perhaps most appalling of all is the
hardship it has placed on students’ health. According to Statistics Canada, there are more overweight and obese young people than ever before, with 65 per cent and 53.4 per cent of men and women overweight in this country, respectively. Males are especially vulnerable in this regard, considering that they are far less likely to have a healthy body weight than women—and the restrictions they face in accessing our university’s gym. Students need more of an incentive to undertake healthy transportation options—not disincentives such as the U-Pass. The thousands of students who did not pick up their U-Pass have spoken; the plaintiffs of the current U-Pass lawsuit have spoken; and now the data have spoken. The City of Ottawa will be listening when they meet to debate the budget and the U-Pass’s future. It’s time that the f SFUO pays attention.
How are students getting around? Before the U-Pass Transit 43.6% Walk, bike 29.4% Car 25% Other 2% After the U-Pass Transit 59% Walk, bike 14.9% Car 24.8% Other 1.2% Source: City of Ottawa, 2011
thefulcrum.ca | Feb. 18–March 2, 2011
Don’t blame it on the alcohol Why getting drunk is kinda stupid Ali Schwabe | Fulcrum Staff
Volume 71, Issue 20, Feb. 18–March 2 Setting trends since 1942. Phone: (613) 562 5261 | Fax: (613) 562 5259 631 King Edward Ave. Ottawa, ON K1N 6N5 Recycle this, or remain unfashionable.
staff Amanda ‘alfred sung’ Shendruk Editor-in-Chief Jessie ‘tara jarmon’ Willms Production Manager Mercedes ‘bob mackie’ Mueller Executive Editor Alex ‘marc jacobs’ Martin Art Director Katherine ‘karl lagerfeld’ DeClerq News Editor Charlotte ‘bryan bailey’ Bailey Arts & Culture Editor Jaclyn ‘liz claiborne’ Lytle Features Editor Jaehoon ‘phillip lim’ Kim Sports Editor Chelsea ‘ece ege’ Edgell Online Editor Briana ‘cole haan’ Hill Associate News Editor Katrina ‘max azria’ Medwenitsch Staff Writer Kate ‘vivienne westwood’ Waddingham Staff Photographer Nicole ‘geoffrey beene’ Bedford Copy Editor Ali ‘sara berman’ Schwabe Proofreader Will ‘rag & bone’ Robertson Webmaster Katarina ‘lars wallin’ Lukich Volunteer & Visibility Coordinator David ‘alexander mcQueen’ McClelland General Manager email@example.com Andrew ‘vera wang’ Wing Advertising Representative firstname.lastname@example.org
contributors Dylan Barnabe Jessica Beddaoui Brennan Bova Dani-Elle Dube Laura Falsetto Michelle Ferguson Cortni Fernandez Carolyn Frank Ivan Frisken Cynthia Gamache Marie Hoekstra Corin Latimer Jane Lytvynenko Simon Oliver-Dussault Chase Patterson Joshua Pride Chris Radojewski Alex Smyth Tamara Tarchichi Marco Walker-Ng Tim Wortle-Feternick Cover illustration by Alex Smyth
THE CULTURE OF drinking to get drunk is stupid. I’m no prude. On Halloween in my fi rst year of university, I was the giggling, calling my boyfriend every 10 minutes just to tell him how much I love him, lost one shoe, handed glasses of water by a number of people a number of times drunk. I was more outgoing, fl irtatious, and obviously louder. I’m all for everyone trying out different experiences. I believe that adults have the right to choose to drink, smoke, or take illegal drugs if they want to, so long as they don’t hurt or endanger anyone around them. But since that Halloween, I have been drunk twice more— unlike a lot of my peers. I just can’t understand why such a huge culture has been built up around getting plastered. There’s a difference between drinking and drinking to intoxication. The culture surrounding drinking is solid. Whether you are a wine connoisseur going on tasting tours, meeting up with friends after work at your pub to have a couple beers, or sharing a nightcap and simply appreciating the taste of a highquality scotch, alcohol can be enjoyable and has its place in bringing people together. What doesn’t make sense is when the goal of the night is to get shitfuckhammered. A few days ago, I heard two girls walking out of the Monpetit gym. “I am so excited to drink tonight,” said one. “I know, I just wanna be waaasted,” replied her friend. Students have bred a culture that idealizes getting drunk. Whoever has the wildest story from the night before is given rapt attention when they recount it. Movies and TV episodes have plots focused on figuring out what happened the night before. Jamie Foxx tells you that you can “Blame it (On the Alcohol)”. Drinking games target the people who are already wasted. Nights are planned around how to ingest the most alcohol at the lowest cost, which means pre-drinking, hitting up the cheapest
photo by Marie Hoekstra
bar, and then fi nally arriving at the club that was the original destination. And the next morning, what is there to show for it? Less money, more calories, fewer brain cells, and a hangover. You might want to argue that you gained a ton: you had a lot of fun the night before; you got a cute boy’s number; or you laughed so hard that beer came out your nose—all of which made the negatives totally worth it. The fact is that, in reality, drinking isn’t always a blast. We’ve all seen a few girls crying into their clutches on the street or a boy punch his fi st through a wall. Besides, can’t we create all those fond memories without the alcohol? I say man up and have the courage to fl irt with a girl without some liquid courage
Nights are planned around how to ingest the most alcohol at the lowest cost, which means pre-drinking, hitting up the cheapest bar, and then finally arriving at the club that was the original destination.
loosening your lips. Make friends who are interesting enough to talk and laugh with, without anyone having to do or say something outrageous because they’re drunk. Make the choices you want to make, but take responsibility for your actions the next day rather than bemoan how much you drank and how stupid you were. I know fi rsthand that alcohol can be fun, relaxing, and can provide good ways to meet and chill with people. But there are better ways to do all that without worrying about the shady consequences that go beyond a hangover, like unsafe sex, drunk driving, alcohol poisoning, and addiction—we just need to focus far less on our culture of getting f smashed.
A break-up letter to the educator Dear professor, It’s not you—it’s me. I’m not very punctual. I’m not the best student. In fact, I can be incredibly apathetic depending on the amount of coffee I’ve consumed before class. I know I should do my readings more often, and turn to you if I fail a test, but sometimes I just can’t bring myself to come see you. It’s not like you’re perfect either. Your office has cobwebs all over it, to match your Internet presence. I know you’re busy researching… something, and this isn’t your day job, but would it kill you to care without the bribe of a Starbucks coffee? You always tell us to come talk to you, but it’s impossible to break through the barricade of students
surrounding you at the break. We never talk anymore. Not that I can always hear what you’re saying. Sometimes you’re a bit hard to understand when, in a hall of 200 people, you reject the usage of a microphone and PowerPoint slides. Making some slides and putting them on Virtual Campus would be beneficial for my learning experience. It would reflect better on you as an educator as well. In other words, it’s 2011—get with the program. And another thing, what is it with you pointing out my flaws? Sure, I’m not incredibly punctual, but making a joke of me every time I enter late is simply degrading. I don’t want a high five or a greeting either. All of your students are already staring at me, just like they do
when I get an answer wrong. We both know I was out on Toonie Tuesday and didn’t fi nish off that 90-page monster you wanted me to conquer in two days. There is no need to get jealous about that night; my heart still belongs to your course. You better start pulling your weight in this relationship; I can’t do all the work and get nothing in return. Do you remember that essay I did for you at the beginning of the year? What about the project? The midterm? The fi nal? I feel like you’re being unappreciative of the hard work and countless all-nighters I put into your class. I lose sleep for you while you’re dreaming about someone else. I understand that sometimes you need to establish your authority over me. You’ve published research, written books.
I’m aware of that, but there is no need to make me purchase all of your overpriced texts for the course—especially the pornographic romance novel you wrote in high school. It has bad grammar. So, in the end, I guess it’s not me—it’s you. I know you may think I’m being a bit out of line here, but I just can’t keep quiet about my feelings anymore. Did you know that according to a Maclean’s university survey only 15 per cent of U of O students consider their education excellent? Dear professor, take this advice into consideration. It’s time to excel. With love, sincerity, and regret, Jane Lytvynenko
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