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Tagalog Language - Using the Word Good When you are accustomed to something, it becomes routine. For instance if you are used to having coffee before your day starts, you would normally come to expect it each morning. Similarly, if your husband or wife greets you by saying good morning every day, you would begin to become accustomed to it. In the Philippines where Tagalog is spoken the word for good is magandang. In the Philippines, people often greet each other in the mornings by saying "good morning" and the translation of this is "magandang umaga." If you meet your friend on the way to school, you can greet him casually in Tagalog by saying "good morning" (magandang umaga). The polite form of the phrase is "magandang umaga po." The word "po" is added as a sign of respect when speaking to elders or a higher up. In such situations one could use the phrase "magandang umaga po." Alternatively, when you wish someone a good day, you can tell the person, "magandang araw." Likewise, if one wanted to say "good day to you" then one can express this as "magandang araw sa iyo." The words "sa iyo" translate as "sa iyo." In the afternoon people can be greeted by saying "good afternoon" which is "magandang hapon" and the polite form of this phrase is "magandang hapon po." As previously stated, the word "po" is often added when speaking in formal situations or when speaking to those who you want to show respect. The word "good" can also be used as a response to a greeting. For instance, when you are asked what you are doing (kamusta ka na) the usual reply is "I'm good" or "I'm fine" which can be translated into Tagalog as "mabuti naman." The Tagalog word "magandang" can be used in other ways aside from attaching it to a greeting. For example, if there are positive things that you want to acknowledge in your friend such as her good manners, you can commend her by sayiing "maganda ang kanyang ugali." You can also use "maganda" in "ang Pilipinas ay mayroong magagandang dagat" to mean that you believe that the country has a lot of good beaches. The word good can also be used as "masarap." One example is when you tell your mother that she has prepared a good breakfast, which can be expressed in Tagalog as "ito ay masarap na umagahan inay." Another example is when you want to say that people love to eat a good breakfast (masarap na umagahan). People are naturally attracted to anything positive, beautiful, and wonderful. It is human nature to like things that are "good" (maganda). In the Philippines the word is often used in phrases that express the wish that someone has a good day or when describing things or people with positive attributes. Learning Tagalog From a Native Speaker If you want to learn Tagalog, the easiest way to do so is to speak regularly with a Filipino who grew up with the language and ask him or her to translate words regularly for you. After that the memorization of words is up to you. Having someone to translate English words and phrases to Tagalog and viceversa can be quite useful when learning the language. I have a classmate who was born in and lived in an English speaking country. Her father is Filipino. She does not speak much Tagalog except for phrases such as "ang pangalan ko ay..." which in English means "my name is...." Despite her lack of fluency in Tagalog, it did not hinder us from communicating

with each other because English is widely spoken in the Philippines. During the first semester, the teacher said I should find a seat next to her. After class we chatted and she mentioned how much she wanted to learn Tagalog. She said that she would be living in the Philippines for quite a while. I volunteered to help her learn more Tagalog. We decided to meet once per week to practice and speak only in Tagalog. On that first day we arranged to practice Tagalog, we started with a few basic words and practical phrases such as "what is your name?" The translation of this is "ano (what) ang pangalan (name) mo (your)." She already knew the response to this question which is "ang pangalan ko ay..." which again means "my name is......" She asked me how to say "do you know how to cook?" in Tagalog. I replied that the translation of her question was "marunong ka ba kung paano magluto." The word for "know" is "marunong," and "how" is "paano." To say "cook" we can use "magluto." She wanted me to translate the names of some of the common fruits and vegetables. I started off by saying that first of all the word for "common" is "karaniwan," while the word for "vegetables" is "gulay," and to say "fruits" the word for that is "prutas." I also mentioned the names of vegetables commonly found here in the Philippines; and these include: tomato, cassava, okra, and pumpkin. In Tagalog these are kamatis, kamoteng kahoy, okra, and kalabasa, respectively. As for fruits, I mentioned: watermelon, pineapple, soursop, and guava. These fruits in Tagalog are known as pakwan, pinya, guyabano, and bayabas respectively. The Tagalog sessions we had really helped my classmate get started with learning Tagalog words. Meeting with a Filipino and learning the language from them is a good way to learn it. An alternative way of learning is via the Internet. You can use cyber space to help you learn the language. Using audio materials can also be a big help. Or better yet, take an educational trip to the Philippines to get accustomed to the language and culture. Learn more Tagalog at:

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