RAISING THE BAR
Contemplations on Professionalism
ou can’t see it, touch it or hear it. It is difﬁcult to deﬁne and measure. But it is important to lawyers and their clients, to judges and their staffs; and yes, it is important to law students and law professors, too. It is professionalism, the ingredient that makes the practice of law rewarding to lawyers and clients alike. Here’s how I visualize professionalism: Draw a horizontal line on the wall. Unethical conduct is below the line. The area above the line represents ethical conduct. Lawyers are sanctioned for conduct that falls below the line. Now draw a parallel line above the ﬁrst line. We’ll call the top line the one that marks professionalism. The gray area between the two lines represents conduct which, though ethical, is unprofessional. This includes such things as failing to promptly answer phone calls; noticing depositions without ﬁrst calling the other side to agree on a mutually convenient time, date and place; returning a redraft of a contract without clearly identifying changes made to a prior draft; and bad-mouthing opposing counsel.
other lawyers are unprofessional — not them. Given this usual response from lawyers, I often wonder: Why all the concern about professionalism if we all agree, “I am a professional lawyer?” The truth is that good lawyers occasionally fall into the gray area between the lines. We procrastinate. We avoid. We excuse. We justify. We excuse our failure to act because something else is more important, more pressing. And we deny our own culpability. There are no sanctions for being unprofessional. But there are substantial personal rewards for being professional. Job satisfaction will improve. You will be more efﬁcient. Clients will be clients, not adversaries. You will be happier in your work. You will sleep better. And, yes, you probably will make more money. Beyond such personal beneﬁts, larger gains supervene. The profession will enjoy higher esteem from those we serve, from legislators and from the public. The dispute resolution process will be less costly, more efﬁcient, less stressful (to lawyers and clients alike) and more successful. The reputation of participating lawyers will improve. Lawyers will be perceived as something other than a hired gun. Actually, the entire ﬁeld of law will beneﬁt, as will society.
There are no sanctions for being unprofessional. But there are substantial personal rewards for being professional.
The area above the top line represents professional conduct — integrity, courtesy, honesty, cooperation and conduct exceeding the rules and requirements for ethical conduct — and includes such things as, in a new case, agreeing with opposing counsel on a schedule for discovery; scheduling of depositions and other matters; having a written fee agreement with every client; being punctual; doing things when you say you’ll do them; having candid discussions of possible settlement immediately following completion of discovery; complimenting other lawyers, including opponents, for good work.
On a personal note, my interest in professionalism is not new. I ﬁrst wrote on the subject 22 years ago, when I began to realize that many lawyers feel as I do — that we must raise the watermark of conduct in our profession. Although progress is slow, there is progress. Most lawyers routinely consult with opponents before ﬁling motions or taking depositions. In addition, the civil plaintiffs’ bar and defense bar have adopted Cost Containment Guidelines to reduce congested trial dockets and respond to an angry public. Will the gray area disappear? Probably not. Even so, shouldn’t each of us strive to reduce the gray area in our daily conduct? If each of us was to resolve to be less confrontative and more civil, one day positive change would occur. — Edwin J. Peterson
Most practicing lawyers reading this essay probably would say they are true professionals in the practice of law. They would say that
Former Chief Justice of the Oregon Supreme Court Edwin J. Peterson is the distinguished jurist in residence at Willamette University College of Law. Spring 2006 | 19
4/14/06 12:33:59 PM