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One Bear Place #97344 Waco, Texas 76798 (254) 710-3362 www.baylor.edu/artsandsciences/

College of arts & sciences Dean of the College Lee Nordt

Associate Dean for Humanities Frieda Blackwell

As Baylor’s home for the liberal arts education, we provide students with expertise in critical thinking, problem solving and complex decisionmaking. There is no better current application for this than in the field of journalism where dramatic changes in the industry have led many to reinvent and reconsider long-standing roles and practices. This applies not only to early, mid- and late-career professionals, but also to how we educate our journalism students. Our story, “Brave News World,” offers a good understanding of how the journalism

industry is changing as seen through the eyes of well-seasoned former students. Fortunately, the story does not have a dreary ending. Our Journalism department adapted to these trends quickly and integrated new technology and new tools into instruction. Many of our alumni in the Dallas area have probably been to several shows at Dallas Summer Musicals. This organization celebrates its 70th anniversary this year, and we are proud that its leader is a former student of the College of Arts and Sciences. Michael Jenkins is at the helm of this grand tradition. The only question we had that truly stumped him was when

we asked him to name his favorite show. When you’ve produced as many as he has, it is undoubtedly difficult choosing a favorite! Venturing further from home, we caught up with Dr. Tim McCall, B.A. ’71, while he was visiting the States. Dr. McCall is the driving force behind Restoration Gateway, a special ministry in Uganda meeting the spiritual and physical needs of orphans. This robust project is expanding, with impressive accomplishments and a bold vision for their future. This issue also includes an excerpt from a book by Greg Garrett that takes us to a frequent conversation at Baylor—the crossroads of faith and culture. We all have a favorite band,

author, director or singer from a secular industry, but as Christians, spiritual themes may catch our attention when we pop in the DVD or put on our headphones. Dr. Garrett’s look at the journey of the band U2 offers much on the interaction among popular culture, faith and our responses to the intersection of the two. And speaking of responses, we value yours. Your responses to our stories, your participation in our events and your support of our efforts is welcome and appreciated. Always feel free to write to us and share with us your thoughts. Lee Nordt, Dean of the College of Arts & Sciences

Contents – A place for everything & everything in its place f e a t u r e s /

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Brave News World While the world watches to see how print media adapts to the robust landscape of technology, Baylor’s Journalism alumni have ringside seats to this fight- if they aren’t already in the ring themselves.

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The Man Behind the Curtain Growing up, Michael

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God’s Gateway

Rock ‘n’ Roll for the Soul

Baylor alumni are rebuilding a local economy with Ugandans after years of civil unrest.

The story of how a secular music group struggled with their faith while creating work with spiritual themes for mainstream audiences exemplifies the faith-culture crossroads.

Jenkins had a unique fascination with a favorite

Associate Dean for Undergr aduate Studies Blake Burleson

E xecutive Associate Dean for Administr ation Robyn Driskell

Assistant Dean of Undergr aduate Studies Carrolle Kamperman

Associate Dean for Sciences Frank Mathis

Associate Dean for Special Progr ams Elizabeth Vardaman

arts & sciences magazine Editor Will Crockett

Associate Editor Sherrie Voss Matthews

Design and Art Direc tion www.McKinleyBrown.com

contributing Writers Charis Dietz Terry Goodrich Lori Fogleman Matt Pene

Photogr aphy Robert Rogers Matthew Minard

INTERNS Lily Gonzalez Kristin Moreno

departments in arts & sciences: Arts and Humanities Art Classics Church-State Studies English History Modern Foreign Languages Philosophy Religion Theatre Arts

Natur al Sciences

movie. “My interest in the

Biology Chemistry and Biochemistry Environmental Science Geology Mathematics Physics Statistical Sciences Psychology and Neuroscience

Wizard of Oz was not the Tin Man, the Lion or the Scarecrow. It was Oz, the man behind the curtain.”

Social and Behavior al Sciences

m o r e 1 News & Notes — Emmy Nominee Honored at Theater Festival — Research Indicates Wetland Used with Batch Dosing Produces Cleanest Water from Septic Tank — Study Finds Phosphorus Level Leads to Declines in Stream Water Quality — Baylor Selected for National Science Education Experiment

— Debate Team Marks Successful Year — Professor Receives Honor from Motion Picture Industry — Historian Discovers Feminist Views in Muslim Author’s 19thCentury Writing — Boats and Strollers Inspire Baylor Artists — English Professor Wins Award for Book on Mark Twain

— Baylor Researchers Receive Major Cancer Research Grant — Sociologist Receives Distinguished Book Award — Adolescent Boys Seeking “The Norm” May Take Risks with Their Appearances — Clinical Psychology Program to Move to Downtown Waco

12 A View from

a Burleson Window “Great Texts” by Carrolle Kamperman

13 Medicine,

Missions, & Making a Difference An endowed scholarship fund supports pre-medical students interested in medical mission work.

Aerospace Studies Anthropology, Forensic Science, and Archaeology Communication Sciences and Disorders Communication Studies Family and Consumer Sciences Journalism Military Science Museum Studies Political Science Sociology


Everything & anything going on around here Study Finds Phosphorus Level Leads to Declines in Stream Water Quality How much phosphorus is too much? A new Baylor University study funded by the Environmental Protection Agency has found that concentrations of phosphorus above 20 parts per billion (ppb) are linked to declines in water quality and aquatic plant and animal life. The study, which is the first to utilize the new Baylor Experimental Aquatic Research (BEAR) stream facility, demonstrates with certainty that an amount of phosphorus over

Emmy Nominee Honored at Theater Festival

Playwright Craig Wright, who is known for his work on television’s Dirty Sexy Money, Lost and Six Feet Under, was honored at Baylor’s fourth semiannual Horton Foote American Playwrights Festival in November. The three-day festival included Baylor’s American Actors Company presentation of Craig’s play The Unseen, which it performed off-Broadway in 2009 at Cherry Lane Theatre. Other activities included a tribute to the late Pulitzer Prize winner Horton Foote, readings, master classes and discussions. Foote won Oscars for his screenplays for To Kill a Mockingbird and Tender Mercies. He attended some of Baylor’s past festivals to offer encouragement and expertise. Foote died in 2009 at age 92.

Research Indicates Wetland Used with Batch Dosing Produces Cleanest Water from Septic Tank

College of Arts and Sciences researchers tested several new treatment systems for using a septic tank system for on-site wastewater treatment. The study discovered new ways to protect the surrounding environment and residents’ drinking water. Dr. Joe Yelderman, professor of Geology, and Dr. Margaret Forbes, research associate of Biology, constructed five different submerged gravel wetlands. They tested the contaminant-removal ability of each wetland against different dosing systems, which ranged from a continuous dose to a more rapid batch dose coming out of a septic tank. The submerged wetlands rely on gravel and plants to remove contaminants, which mirrors the pollutant removal ability of nature. “There are a lot of places where it would be nice to build a home, but if you can’t put in a septic tank because the soil can’t handle a drain field; you can’t build a home there unless you have some sort of alternative treatment system,” Yelderman said. “Our goal was to improve the water quality coming out of the septic tank so residents could dispose of the treated wastewater into thinner soil or places where the water table is higher.” After several tests on the wetlands to see what dosing system worked the best with a specific wetland, researchers learned that the wetland with gravel and plants discharged water that was cleaner during batch dosing when compared against more continuous dosing. Yelderman believes the batch system performed better because of the interaction with the air in between the dosing. When the wetland dried out and was then re-wetted, the gravel and plants oxidized the wastewater better. It allowed the aerobic bacteria to better decompose organic matter. Yelderman said this process actually stressed the plants and they did not grow as large. However the plants adjusted to the fluctuations and sent their roots deeper.

a certain level does indeed cause negative changes observed in many Texas streams. “This study is the first to really link nutrient field observations to controlled experiments and allows water managers to use the research as the scientific basis for water management strategies,” said Dr. Ryan King, associate professor of Biology, who led the study. “We were able to link cause and effect and show that the ecology of the streams is very sensitive to phosphorus.” Dr. Bryan Brooks, associate professor of Environmental Science, and several graduate students also collaborated on the project.

Baylor Selected for National Science Education Experiment

will be taught under the new sequence of courses Biology 1405 and 1406. The Science Education Alliance is a two-part, year-long Baylor University course that enables has been chosen by students to make the Howard Hughes real discoveries while Medical Institute conducting research (HHMI) to join the on bacterial viruses Science Education called phage. In the Alliance, which will first term, students engage students in scientific discovery on will isolate phage from locally collected a national scale. All Baylor students environmental samples. Each phage will be involved in is almost certain to scientific discovery be unique; students while taking the will name the newly freshmen biology sequence. The course identified life form.

Debate Team Marks Successful Year

The Glenn R. Capp Debate Forum-Baylor’s renowned intercollegiate debating teamachieved a No. 5 national ranking last fall following season-opening tournaments at Gonzaga and Georgia State University. They also captured the District 3 championship in February. The team will compete this spring at the national championships at the University of California at Berkeley. In the fall tournaments, John Cook from Winfield, Kan., and Alex McVey from Olathe, Kan., defeated teams from Harvard, Northwestern, Wake Forest, University of Southern California, Emory and the University of Kansas, the defending national champions, to reach the quarterfinals at both the Gonzaga and Georgia State university tournaments. Chris Rooney from Round Rock and Amanda Luppes from Apple Valley, Minn., reached the double-octafinals at Georgia State by defeating debate teams from Harvard, Kansas and Georgia. Two additional debate teams from Baylor posted winning records at the Georgia State tournament: the team of Nate Ford, from Corsicana, and Grant Nelson, from Des Moines, and the team of Ashley Morgan from Omaha and Sam Hogan from Des Moines. At February’s district tournament, Baylor defeated teams from seven other universities. McVey and Cook posted a 7-1 record. Additionally, McVey was honored as the tournament’s top individual speaker, and Cook garnered third place individual speaker honors. The debate program is housed in the department of Communication Studies.

They will purify and characterize the phage and extract its DNA. Between terms, the purified DNA will be sent to the Joint Genome

Institute-Los Alamos National Laboratory in New Mexico, to be sequenced. In the second term, the students will receive files containing

Professor Receives Honor from Motion Picture Industry

Dr. Michael Korpi, professor of Film and Digital Media, has been named a Fellow in the Society of Motion Picture and Television Engineers. Korpi was one of 13 individuals honored at the society’s Annual Tech Conference & Expo in Hollywood last October. Korpi has been involved in producing, directing, shooting and editing films and documentaries on diverse topics, among them teen anger, automobile racing, famine in Haiti and reconstruction following the 1976 Guatemalan earthquake. He is a member of the Academy of Digital Television Pioneers. Korpi has done research on the consumer’s media environment, especially in the home; video games, simulations and interactive media; and on humancomputer interface in media production and post-production tools. Korpi also has led seminars on the video game industry, media technology, cable television, Japanese animation and religious broadcasting.

their isolated phage’s DNA sequence. The students will use bioinformatics tools to analyze and annotate the genomes.

Historian Discovers Feminist Views in Muslim Author’s 19thCentury Writing

Dr. George Gawrych, professor of History, has uncovered some controversial statements about women’s equality written by a Muslim author during 1872 to 1900 – opinions that were at odds with the patriarchal society of his times. Gawrych’s article appeared in the January 2010 issue of Middle Eastern Studies, a British academic journal. In delving into the work of Semseddin Sami Frasheri – Albanian novelist, playwright and author of an encyclopedia – Gawrych found Frasheri saw women as “equal but different.” His perspective was radical for the 19th century. Gawrych received a Fulbright Senior Researcher Scholar grant for 2008-2009 to study in Turkey about Ataturk and the War of Independence, which was waged from 1919 to 1923. In his research on Albanians under Ottoman rule, Gawrych stumbled across Frasheri’s bold ideas, written in “Women,” published in 1879. Intrigued by his findings, Gawrych read the Albanian’s novel on arranged marriages and studied the entries about women in Frasheri’s six-volume encyclopedia. Those three sources formed the foundation of his analysis of Frasheri’s thoughts on women, Gawrych said.

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Continued Boats and Strollers Inspire Baylor Artists

Imagine a vehicle part baby buggy, part travel trailer. Make it supersize. Paint it turquoise. Then muse on the monoliths of Stonehenge. Picture them being transported over the waves on pontoons – no sinking allowed – on a 200mile trip. Welcome into the minds of two artists. Robbie Barber, an associate professor of Sculpture, turned the first notion into reality with Stroll in the Park, a sculpture created from such salvaged items as air vents, the rusty wheels of farm equipment and a doorknob. Meanwhile, Chuck Jobe, a lab technician for Sculpture and Ceramics, busied himself with Currach, a 9-foot-tall sculpture which resembles two wooden boats joined together and propped upright a la the monoliths at Stonehenge. The artists installed the unconventional fruits of their

Baylor Researchers Receive Major Cancer Research Grant Two Baylor University researchers have received a $200,000 grant from the Cancer Prevention and Research Institute of Texas (CPRIT) to study a series of compounds that could be toxic against human cancer cells. The grant, which is part of $3 billion in cancer research grants the state will award during the next decade,

labors at two outdoor sites in Waco. Their creations are part of the Waco National Sculpture Invitational, an effort to boost appreciation of modern art. Currach is exhibited near the Freedom Fountain beside the Hilton Hotel in the 100 block of South University Parks Drive. The carriage, which weighs about a ton and stands 10 feet tall, was placed near the WacoMcLennan County Public Health District, 225 W. Waco Drive. For good measure, Barber chained the baby carriage to a heavy metal “pacifier,” which doubles as an anchor. “This is pretty much a visual pun,” said Barber, who has used baby carriages as a motif in other sculptures. “I got the inspiration for my first baby carriage from looking at Airstreams. They’re built the same way a baby carriage is -- rounded and domed. I love the design of those cool little travel trailers from the ‘40s, ‘50s and ‘60s.

will allow Dr. Kevin Pinney, professor of Chemistry and Biochemistry, and Dr. Mary Lynn Trawick, associate professor of Chemistry and Biochemistry, to study the chemistry, biochemistry and cell biology associated with the new potential anticancer compounds that have recently emerged from Baylor’s on-going cancer research program. “This study will allow for the design and synthesis of a variety of new molecules

Sociologist Receives Distinguished Book Award

Dr. Paul Froese, associate professor of Sociology, was awarded the 2009 Distinguished Book prize from the Society for Scientific Study of Religion for his book about religious repression in the Soviet Union. Froese received his award at the society’s annual meeting in Denver. The book is The Plot to Kill God: Findings from the Soviet Experiment in Secularization (University of California Press). In it, Froese examined religious faith during the most massive atheism campaign in history, which occurred after the 1917 Russian Revolution. Soviet plans for a Marxist society would have eradicated all religion. While the Soviet Union was effective in wiping out ritual and institutional expressions of religion, faith persisted, Froese discovered. The Society for the Scientific Study of Religion, founded in 1949, promotes scientific research about religious experiences and institutions. It fosters the collaboration of scholars in the fields of sociology, political science, psychology, religious studies and economics.

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“This is light-hearted, nothing heavy-duty,” Barber said. “I want people to chuckle when they see it. If that occurs, mission accomplished.” Jobe dubbed his 200-pound work Currach, derived from a Gaelic word for a type of boat. He built a framework, then sculpted cedar wood and used an abrasive technique to bring out the grain of the wood. Next, he used gray and white washes on the wood to make it resemble driftwood. For a modern contrast, he fashioned a sheet aluminum top and riveted it to the sculpture. “I wanted it to be visually appealing and also inviting to touch,” Jobe said. “I’m attracted to the simplicity of a boat’s form, but carving the curve of one is really a challenge.” He said some of the ancient stones at Stonehenge are believed to have been transported some 200 miles

across water, although how remains a mystery. Some experts have speculated that two boats were lashed together, resembling a pontoon, with the stone propped on a support between them. While Stonehenge has stood strong through the ages, Jobe has no such expectation for his creation. He sees it as a work in progress. “For these pieces, there’s a certain lifespan, a visual and tactile progression that makes it like a living

thing,” he said.”I’m not worried about this being here a couple hundred years from now. I’ll be glad if it’s here a couple years from now.” The exhibition, which began in 2004, is part of the Waco Cultural Arts Fest. Until 2007, the event was competitive, with a different juror each year. Since then, it has been an invitational, with artists selected by a committee. The art will be displayed for two years.

English Professor Wins Award for Book on Mark Twain Dr. Joe Fulton, professor of English, has been named the winner of the 2010 Jules and Frances Landry Award for The Reconstruction of Mark Twain. The book, a blend of biography, history and literary

criticism, is a radical reappraisal of Twain and his evolving political allegiances, actions and writings during and after the Civil War. The book will be released in fall 2010, which is the 100th anniversary of Twain’s death. Fulton spent years traveling to sites where

Twain lived, among them his boyhood home in Hannibal, Mo.; Virginia City, Nev.; and Elmira, N.Y., the author’s summer home. The Landry Award is given annually for the best book on Southern studies published by LSU Press.

that have remarkable toxicity against selected cancer cell lines,” Pinney said. “It will facilitate the biochemical and biological studies necessary to determine whether any of the new compounds might be suitable to move forward for more advanced studies.” Pinney and Trawick will collectively provide overall leadership for the project. Pinney and his research team will be involved with the synthesis, purification and characterization of the

new potential anticancer compounds, while Trawick and her research team will evaluate the biochemistry and cell biology. “We will be studying the cell mechanism of these compounds to see just how potent they are to cancer cells which could eventually lead to new drug discovery,” Trawick said. “Any time you deal with research focused on major diseases, like cancer, it has far reaching implications in terms of potential benefit for society.”

Adolescent Boys Seeking “The Norm” May Take Risks with Their Appearances

Teenage boys are more likely to use tanning booths, take diet pills and have their bodies waxed – even if they think those activities are unhealthy – if they are influenced by their peers, according to research by Dr. Jay Yoo, assistant professor of Fashion Merchandising. Research also showed that boys ages 12 to 17 focused more on how their skin appears to others – tone, texture and color – than on other aspects of their appearance, including body shape, when they were influenced by peers, Yoo said. His study has been awarded Best Paper in the psychological/ social category by the International Textiles and Apparel Association. The study will be published in fall 2010 in Adolescence, a quarterly international journal. Yoo studied 155 boys, with an average age of 14.3 years, in seven schools in the eastern United States. His findings about using a tanning booth, waxing skin and spa treatments suggest that appearanceconscious youths may share a wide range of information and experiences, he said. “Until now, little research has been done about adolescents’ appearance,” Yoo said. “Adolescence is when they develop shopping patterns and appearance, and those who engage in risky behavior continue into adulthood.”

Clinical Psychology Program to Move to Downtown Waco

The College of Arts and Sciences’ nationally renowned clinical psychology program - including five faculty members, their clinical research labs and the Baylor Psychology Clinic that serves the local community will relocate this spring to the eighth and ninth floors of the Wells Fargo Tower on Washington Avenue in downtown Waco. Plans are under way to add another lab later on the tower’s fifth floor. The program was housed in six locations, ranging from space in Ivy Square near campus to offices and classrooms in the Baylor Sciences Building. While clinical psychology faculty will continue to teach and have offices in the sciences building, they will have a single location in downtown Waco to provide clinical services to the community and conduct research. Baylor established its doctor of psychology (Psy.D.) program in 1971. It was only the second program in the United States at the time. The program has been accredited by the American Psychological Association since 1976, currently the longest history of continuous accreditation by the APA among Psy.D. programs nationally.

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By Mary Landon Darden

Seldom does a week go by without a long-running U.S. newspaper announcing it has stopped the presses and closed-up shop or implemented extensive lay-offs and severe budget cuts. Rapid changes in technology – including the Internet and social media such as Facebook, Twitter, Blogger, YouTube and Digg – have radically changed traditional means of information delivery. While the world watches to see how print media adapts its age-old model to the robust landscape of technology, scores of Baylor’s Journalism alumni have ringside seats to this fight – if they aren’t already in the ring themselves. Despite the current status of the profession, the Journalism department thrives, maintaining strong enrollment and successfully placing graduates across a number of jobs. Two questions – exactly what lead to these rapid changes and where are things heading – were posed to several alumni, all recognized leaders in the field of journalism. Drawing on their many decades of experience, all were asked to describe journalism’s transition from the hard-working trail ride of yesterday to the bucking bronco that is today’s print media.

Dwindling Profits Led to Cutting Corners One of the biggest changes for print journalism has been the decline in revenue from both advertising and sales. Tony Pederson, B.A. ‘73, describes the decline in advertising as a “systemic” problem related to technology and the transition to an Internet news product. The classified section of newspapers – real estate listings and employment advertisings – is virtually gone from many newspapers. They have moved to separate online real estate sites. “We had a virtual monopoly on used-home real estate,” Pederson says. “We had terrific classifieds for employment advertising. What we didn’t see was the development of new

distribution mechanisms like Realtor.com or Monster. com and just the fundamental change … the Internet was going to create.” This began the slippery slope, as many papers turned to cost-cutting measures which ended up being “self-inflicted” wounds, says writer Henry J. Holcomb, a former Baylor student and Philadelphia Inquirer manager. Holcomb says that even when the profits were good, the Inquirer tried to increase profits, often in unhealthy ways. “They would cut back on the number of presses we were running every night, which meant we had to start printing the paper before the night ballgames were over,” he says. The Inquirer then began to cut the number of trucks delivering the paper, which meant that many papers arrived later. Distribution also was reduced as advertisers narrowed in on a core market of people in selected neighborhoods. Despite these cost-cutting moves, the publisher still sought to improve revenue by increasing the price of the paper. “There were many things we could have done to take cost out of the system without taking value away from the reader,” Holcomb says. “Instead, we took value away from the readers by going to press earlier, delivering later, and cutting staff … . The cutting was not managed with an eye for preserving our future.”

on print journalism. “The Internet created unbelievable change and, in retrospect, newspapers very sadly misjudged the Internet,” Pederson says. “The whole transition to electronic journalism has not been particularly good for newspapers.” Many newspapers considered the Internet as merely another new medium. In the past, legacy media had adjusted positively to new media. Radio, Pederson notes, remade itself three to four times during the 20th century, yet remained a vibrant medium. “Henry Jenkins of MIT has defined this very clearly – that it [the Internet] was a fundamental change in the relationship between mass media and the public,” Pederson says.

“It was not merely a new medium but rather a major cultural shift in how we communicate and, to some extent, how we think.” Pederson calls the decisions involving major metro newspapers and the Internet a “broken” business model. “Clearly, the decision to give away the news content of the newspapers was a mistake,” he says.

Pederson believes that there may have been a much different outcome if the papers had charged for online access to content from the beginning.

Transitioning from the Physical to Digital Word Various technological advancements have had a profound and long-term effect

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In the end, people who can tell compelling, credible, accurate stories will be fine.

A technological revolution involving the home computer and the Internet has been taking the place of print journalism for some time now, notes David McHam, B.A. ’58. Technological innovations of the past, such as the popularization of news on radio and television, were additions to how people received news, while the Internet is coming at the expense of existing media. “We are subtracting for the first time,” he says.

Is There a Future for Print Journalism? “I think there is a future for good print journalism, but we have gone pretty far down in the valley and we have some steep mountains to climb,” Holcomb says. Kathy Vetter, B.A. ’83, does not see print journalism going away anytime soon. However, she indicates that once publishers start dropping days from their delivery schedule, “the decline will accelerate” and will not be reversible. She says the mid-market papers will remain and likely become more specialized, switching from “quickbreaking news” to “more thoughtful journalism.” Pederson foresees print versions of large newspapers continuing for the next few decades, because the population over age 50 still takes home delivery. Interestingly, Pederson does not believe that online advertising alone can ever again sustain a major news organization budget. Online ads only produce about 10 percent of a newspaper’s current revenue. “Unless there is some other revenue stream developed – and in my opinion it should be charging for access on the Web site – I think newspapers really are in trouble,” he says. McHam predicts that the industry may eventually switch to The Wall Street Journal model, where subscribers pay a fee to see the complete online content. Holcomb says a scenario where the right mix of an aggressive approach to new media with a complementary role for old media, coupled with a good

understanding of the advertising base, could still result in survival. McHam, Pederson and Holcomb all observe that the Kindle – or a Kindle-like-device such as the Nook by Barnes and Nobles – will likely be increasingly involved in the future of print journalism. McHam adds that universities may need people in the future who may not necessarily have Ph.D.s, but instead, people with important experience in the field who can teach the new technologies necessary for students to truly be prepared to enter the workplace. “At one time in our industry, it was kind of a joke that we made money hand-over-fist, but put not one cent into R&D [research and development],” Vetter says. “It is not in our DNA to experiment and create new ways of doing business, but yet, we have to do that even while people are being laid off and we don’t have as much money as need to do what we need to do.”

Back to Basics “Students, first and foremost, must learn to write and tell stories,” Pederson says. Pederson indicates that journalism is much more complicated than when he was a Baylor student. Writing skills of high school graduates are poorer than ever, he believes and adds that perhaps writing is weak because students no longer read literary-style content but instead scan the Internet, text messages and Twitter. Pederson says that students must learn to be technologically adaptable beyond merely using Dreamweaver, Flash, Final Cut Pro, and shooting and editing video. “They have to be comfortable with the idea of changing technologies,” he says. McHam also says that students will have to be technologically savvy. He added that students need to be able to design for the Web, put content online quickly, produce audio and video and perhaps write a blog. Such an observation reinforces the need to integrate these components throughout

[the students’] education without neglecting writing. “If you can’t write, you can’t work,” McHam says. Vetter agrees. “There will always be a need for journalism, but I think that any student who comes out of college now who doesn’t know how to shoot video, collect audio and tell stories in multimedia ways is probably in big trouble.” Vetter also says that students should learn how to tell the story first, then transfer that onto the various platforms. “In the end, people who can tell compelling, credible, accurate stories will be fine.” McHam adds that students will increasingly need more education and greater basic knowledge. They must also be smarter than ever before. Holcomb, who volunteers with Build a Bridge International, an organization of artists teaching communication skills, agrees with McHam. Holcomb’s advice: “Work hard to develop your curiosity, your interviewing and listening skills and find ways to be on the cutting edge of new communications technology.” Holcomb says the new generation must be more entrepreneurial in figuring how to get paid for their work. Holcomb recently attended a meeting with the new media giants, such as Facebook and Twitter, who said there would be room in the future for about the top ten percent of current newspaper employees and that the people who “get hits and attract an audience” on the Internet will be both successful and well paid. The popularity contest might leave a news gap. Those reporters’ stories that serve the public interest, but do not sustain a dedicated, long-term social networking following may be left out of the new media landscape.

The Need for Responsive Education Holcomb recently visited the students in the department of Journalism at Baylor and says that they were already well on their way. Department Chair Clark Baker says

— Kathy Vetter

that despite the decline of traditional newspapers, enrollment has been steady. With close to 400 majors, the department has been busy continually integrating the current technology and formats – along with the traditional storytelling – into virtually every class. “Our photography class is a good example,” Baker says. “What began as a black-and-white, film-based still photography course moved to strictly digital photography and editing and now integrates digital video shooting and editing into the course. We are being responsive to the changes in the profession as the technology changes.” Baker explains the department has continued to have enormous success in helping to place students in the field, often with major corporations and with skills that allow them to work in many venues. In the end, McHam says that every corporation needs people who can communicate, be it through stories, news releases, publications or web-only content. While he says that not as many students will go to work at newspapers, that doesn’t mean there aren’t jobs. “I think there are going to be even more opportunities,” McHam says.

What to Expect The interviewees agree print journalism of the future must prepare for an ongoing format metamorphosis. Roles will morph significantly or even shift in significance. Journalists of the future will have to be better prepared and more adaptable, not only in the traditional areas of writing and storytelling, but also in every current media format. They must be ready to immediately step into new media that may be only a dream today, but may well be reality by the time they are gathering news in a brave new world. Special thanks to Mike Blackman, the Fred Hartman Professor of Journalism at Baylor University.

*end

Henry J. Holcomb retired after 25 years at

David McHam, B.A. ’58, earned a master’s

Tony Pederson, B.A. ’73, earned a master’s

Kathy Vetter, ’83 earned a B.A. in

The Philadelphia Inquirer where he worked

degree in Journalism from Columbia

degree in Journalism in 1976 from The Ohio

both Communications and Radio/TV

as a manager and writer. Holcomb attended

University. He is currently a professor of

State University. Pederson is currently the Belo

from Baylor. She is the deputy

Baylor in 1964 and has served the university

Journalism at the University of Houston.

Chair in the Department of Journalism at

managing editor, multimedia at

SMU and formerly the managing editor and

The Fort Worth Star Telegram.

on advisory boards and councils.

executive editor of The Houston Chronicle.

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Bay lo r Ar t s & S c i e n c e s


By Franci Rogers

Growing up, Michael Jenkins had a unique fascination with a favorite movie. “My interest in The Wizard of Oz was not the Tin Man, the Lion or the Scarecrow,” he says. “It was Oz, the man behind the curtain.”

Years later, Jenkins is the man behind the curtain, as president and managing director of Dallas Summer Musicals (DSM), and the founder and president of LARC (Leisure and Recreation Concepts). But unlike Oz, Jenkins has more than just Dorothy to please; he has thousands of theater patrons and theme park guests who demand his attention. And Jenkins has made pleasing those customers his first priority. A chance encounter with the French entertainer Maurice

Chevalier left a lasting impression on the importance of customers. In his autobiography, Playbills and Popcorn, Jenkins recalls that as a teenage usher at Dallas Summer Musicals, he had been instructed to turn off the lights and lock the doors as soon as Chevalier’s performance began, so as not to disturb the visiting star’s opening number. But Chevalier told him to leave the doors open. “He sat me down and explained that some of the people in the audience had

saved up to buy a ticket and had come a long way to see him,” says Jenkins. “ ‘It’s the audience that matters,’ he [Chevalier] said. ‘I want to have the opportunity to perform for them. Without them, I am nothing.’ I’ve always held onto that thought.” And that thought may well be the secret to Jenkins’ success. During his tenure as managing director, season subscriptions for the Dallas Summer Musicals and the Broadway Contemporary

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One night after

appearing in a DSM production of The Music Man, Barry Williams of Brady Bunch fame was very late getting back to his hotel. When a worried Jenkins finally reached him, he explained that he was delayed when he stopped to help a couple fix a flat tire in the Music Hall parking lot. The couple later returned to have Williams autograph the tire with a white marker. Series have gone from 6,700 to 30,000 annually. Each year more than 2,000 at-risk youth are treated to their very first live theater performances thanks to DSM. In total, annual attendance is close to one million. Jenkins began his relationship with DSM at age 14, when the original producer, Charles Meeker, hired him as a sometimes-assistant, sometimes-usher. One night, while answering phones in Meeker’s office, he noticed an ad in a theater magazine asking for investors for a new show. The buy-in was $5,000. A determined Jenkins took on odd jobs, including painting numbers on the seats of the Cotton Bowl for 35¢ an hour. (A job that once got him accidentally locked inside the

\6\

stadium for hours. He jokes that he is probably the only person who has ever broken out of the Cotton Bowl.) “I managed to save $2,300,” Jenkins says. “My mother gave me the other $2,700 thinking she’d never see it again.” But she was wrong. The play Jenkins invested in was the original production of My Fair Lady. “I paid back my mother, bought her a car, and helped pay my way through Baylor,” he says. Jenkins came to Baylor in 1960. (He was the first person to move into Penland Hall and had his pick of rooms – he chose #238 to be near the dining hall.) He studied theater management and stage design. He brought his Midas touch with him to campus.

Bay lo r Ar t s & S c i e n c e s

In 1963, Jenkins convinced Marie Mathis, then-director of the Student Union, to add a performance of the National Ballet of Canada to Waco Hall’s performance series. Unfortunately, by the morning of the show, only 139 tickets had been sold to the 8 p.m. show. Jenkins left class and went to the local radio station to try to market the show. By that afternoon, they had sold only 600 tickets and the company began to put away the scenery. But Jenkins begged them to stay, and once again his gamble paid off. “By about 7:30, a huge crowd was lined up around Waco Hall. We sold out Waco Hall [2,250 seats] and put 88 chairs in the aisle,” he says. “What no one realized is that there had never been a ballet in Waco at that time. People came to check it out. Mrs. Mathis was thrilled, but not as thrilled as I was!” It may seem like Jenkins has inerrant intuition when it comes to knowing what will work for audiences, but he says he learned things at Baylor that sometimes makes choosing productions to bring to DSM more of a science than an art. “I hate to say it’s a gut feeling because sometimes I’m wrong,” he says. “I won’t put on a show that I haven’t seen. And we always keep it familyoriented. I learned that from Baylor.” And while families change and the definition grows, Jenkins says DSM will adapt and diversify, but its values will remain strong. Strong values are something Jenkins has also witnessed in the many celebrities he’s met through the years. Although many may have been less than virtuous, others stand out in Jenkins’ mind as having high integrity. Some have even surprised him with their humble attitudes. While still at Baylor, Jenkins was asked to pick up Bob Hope at Love Field in Dallas. The comedian was

scheduled to perform at Waco’s Heart of Texas Coliseum as a fundraiser for Baylor’s Theatre Arts department. “I picked him up from the airport, and we were about 30 minutes into the drive when he said to me, ‘I think I’ll catch up on my daily Bible readings,’” Jenkins says. “And then he took out a Bible and read quietly for almost the rest of the drive.” He has met several celebrities who make outrageous demands. And occasionally, Jenkins says, he’s met celebrities who want nothing more than to help a show succeed. “I’ve never seen anyone in show business work harder than Phyllis Diller,” he says. At age 78, Diller came to DSM to play the wicked stepmother in Cinderella. And although the demanding schedule meant that she was most often out until well past midnight, she never slowed down. “At 5 the next morning, she’d be on the phone wanting to know if we needed her to do a radio or television appearance to promote ticket sales. She was always front and center working harder than anyone else to make the show a success.” Another star who made an impression on not only Jenkins, but also a fortunate audience member, was Barry Williams of Brady Bunch fame. One night after appearing in a DSM production of The Music Man, Williams was very late getting back to his hotel. When a worried Jenkins finally reached him, he explained that he was delayed when he stopped to help a couple fix a flat tire in the Music Hall parking lot. The couple later returned to have Williams autograph the tire with a white marker. And while the performers never cease to amaze (and amuse) Jenkins, his tales of patron antics go even further. Among his favorites are the couple whose argument about a soft drink before The Phantom of the Opera got so heated that the man drop-kicked his companion’s handbag across the auditorium. “Instead of looking up at the chandelier [a pivotal scene in Phantom], the audience watched this purse as it sailed from Section C to Section E. It had a long handle that looked like a tail,” says Jenkins, who retrieved the bag and threatened to remove the couple if they couldn’t stop bickering. “At the end of the performance, they walked out of the theater hand in hand,

almost skipping with joy. They walked up and said that the second act had changed their lives. In the second act of Phantom, the heroine gets imprisoned by a crazy fiend in an opera house. It’s not exactly romantic. Every time I see the second act now, I think of this couple and wonder what it was that made them reconcile.” Then, there is the pair who was told that they couldn’t munch loudly on Doritos during the performance. When approached by Jenkins a second time, they informed him that they were no longer eating Doritos; they had switched to Cheetos. Jenkins also remembers the “miracle cure,” where one patron came to the theater in a wheelchair and was escorted to the handicapped-accessible section. “She was not happy,” says Jenkins. “She said she thought people in wheelchairs were able to sit very close to the stage. When we told her that, no, this is where wheelchairs always go, she pulled her ticket out of her purse and announced, ‘My seats are better than these,’ then proceeded to get out of the chair and walk all the way down the aisle to the seat listed on her ticket.” But Jenkins treats all the bizarre happenings with humor. “I thought all the crazy people came through the gates at Six Flags,” he says. “I was wrong. There were plenty lined up to come to the theater!” And guests do line up at both the theater and the amusement parks that Jenkins runs because, whether they are acting crazy or not, Jenkins treats them with dignity and respect. As president of LARC, Jenkins acts as designer and consultant to theme parks, water parks, aquariums and other attractions. In its 40-year history, LARC has completed more than 1,057 projects including a theme park in China and a water park in Kuwait. Jenkins also helped to develop Six Flags Over Texas. While the two industries may seem diverse, Jenkins says they are similar enough that he is able to do cross-research in market trends and subscriber data. “They are separate businesses,” he says, “but the bottom line is that they are both in the people business. It’s all about audience perception and commitment. And we are committed to pleasing our customers.”

*end


By Kevin Tankersley

Tim McCall isn’t your average doctor. He doesn’t own a big house in the suburbs. He lives in a “can down by the river,” he says. That would be the Nile River. Cape buffalo wander around his property. He can see hippos splashing about while he sits atop the shipping container he calls home. McCall is not your average missionary. Yes, he’s helping to build an orphanage and a school. He also envisions a first-class resort, agricultural endeavors, and an innovative brick-making technology that will allow his plans to become self-sufficient, thus lessening the need for outside donations. That is McCall’s dream for Restoration Gateway—a mission effort that he calls a “gateway for God’s restoration of Northern Uganda”— an area of Africa that has been in turmoil for more than two decades. “We saw how devastating how all of that (rebel occupancy) had been to Northern Uganda. We felt like God was going to bring peace, and we were going to be part of that,” McCall says. McCall and Janice, his wife, graduated from Baylor University in 1971. They visited Uganda regularly since May 2005; they made the decision to move there three years ago. They understood the ramifications of the move; they had spent 11 years in Nigeria and 12 years in Waco, where Tim was once on the faculty at Family Health Center. “Then God called us to East Africa,” he says. “We felt like—at least I felt like—that God had said that he was going to take us back overseas after our youngest son was out of the nest and away at university.

“I thought that was going to be in the Caribbean or Central America. That makes sense to me since I don’t do time zones very well. So we began going to Belize, Honduras, Guatemala, Cuba, Haiti, and tried to learn Spanish. Didn’t do too well at that.” In February 2005, Tim and Janice attended the World Mandate mission conference at Antioch Community Church, their home congregation. The first night of the conference, they sat in on a presentation by George Otis, an author and documentarian who showed clips of The Unconventional War. Otis’s film about the blood-and-guts rebel movement in Northern Uganda lead to McCall’s inspiration. “I really felt that God was saying, ‘Everything that’s

gone before in your life has been preamble. This is the main event,’” McCall explains. “I’m almost 60 now, so it was pretty interesting.” As he was watching the clips, McCall wrestled with the idea of how to tell his wife that he felt their next stop would be in Uganda. He recalls praying, “Lord, if this is really you, you’re going to have to tell Janice I’m taking her back to Africa. I don’t want to have to do that. “She loved Africa, but she doesn’t do change very well. She was very settled here, with grandchildren and children. About five minutes went by and she leans over, and I’m seeing the horrors of this conflict, and she says, ‘That’s where we need to go.’ I said, ‘OK, I’m slow, Lord, but I got that.’”

So they canceled a trip they had planned to Ghana, in West Africa, to head east, to Uganda. “We didn’t know anything about Uganda except what we had seen on this documentary,” McCall says. “It didn’t look like a very friendly place at all.” Uganda had been the scene of the longest rebel movement in African history, a siege staged by the Lord’s Resistance Army. The group began with the intent of overthrowing the Ugandan government, but realized quickly that it did not have the needed strength to do that. Instead, members of the army turned on their own people, the Acholi, the tribe from which Joseph Kony, the Resistance Army’s leader, hails. “His mode of operation was to go into villages, shoot

parents in front of children, or worse, make them kill their own parents, then take the children back to base camp, take one of them, shoot them in front of the other children and say, ‘If you don’t do what we say, you’ll become the next victim.’ The boys then were inducted to become child soldiers, and the girls were then made to be beasts of burden, or sex slaves,” McCall says. Most of the Ugandan civilian population has been relocated into “internally displaced persons camps.” These camps have hundreds of mud huts just feet apart, with sewage flowing between them. “Many people in northern Uganda, that’s all they know, that’s the only life they know,” McCall says. “It’s just squalid hellholes … . There’s nothing really going on except the

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occasional (United Nations) truck or World Vision or somebody coming and dumping off a bag of rice and everybody scrambling to get that food. It’s just been a hellacious existence for at least two decades.” The McCalls’ first trip to Uganda was a successful one. They found 500 acres that they felt fit the purpose of their mission and, having no contacts already in place, met people who gave them invaluable assistance. They were first put in touch with a man whose parents were Southern Baptist missionaries. He had married a Ugandan woman and was running a transportation business. He provided the McCalls with transportation. They quickly met a Ugandan woman who simply asked: “Can I join you on your trip?” The woman was a former government worker who knew the language of many of the tribes in the area, “and knew how things worked … and could kind of show us the ropes,” McCall says. During her time with the government, their new friend worked in the office of the first lady of Uganda. On the last day of their first trip

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to Uganda, the McCalls met Uganda’s first lady. They gave her a copy of the documentary Invisible Children, which explains the plight of thousands of youngsters who would flee into the capitol city of Gulu each night to keep from being abducted from their village homes. The country’s first lady, herself an orphan, “was very excited.” She blessed the vision the McCalls had for their work in her country. McCall says they first moved to Uganda with the idea of building just a hospital. God, however, had other plans. “ ‘No, I don’t want just a hospital. I want a hospital and dental center,’” McCall says God told him. “ ‘I want a Bible mission training school. ‘I want an orphan home and orphan school. ‘I want a large auditorium tabernacle. ‘I want a first-class resort. ‘I want a children’s camp and a pastors’ retreat and agricultural and fishery demonstration,’ to which I started laughing and said, ‘You’ve got the wrong guy. I don’t know how to do hardly any of that,’” McCall recalls. “To which I felt like he

Bay lo r Ar t s & S c i e n c e s

responded, ‘Yeah, you’re right. You don’t know how to do any of that but I do. Just walk it in faith and you’ll see me work.’” McCall says with so many projects to tackle, he had no idea how to prioritize them. He says the emphasis on what to build depends on what funds are donated. “If people give for orphan care, we’ll build orphan homes,” he says. “That’s primarily what money has come in, so that’s what we’ve done.”

Donations have also come in for the hospital, so a foundation for that building has been done. Other funds have been designated for water. “We were told we couldn’t get water on this land,” McCall says. “People have drilled wells and gotten nothing. “We’ve been provided with two-and-a-half times the amount of water than we’ll ever need once the whole community is built out, according to the water experts here in America who told us what we would need. And it’s pure, clean water, which is unheard of in Africa. We drink our water right out of the tap. In fact, we’ve been told we should bottle it and sell it, which is something we’re thinking about.” The area has seen change in the three years since Restoration Gateway has begun working. “Since we came, there are at least 50 people who didn’t have any jobs who have jobs,” McCall says. “And each one of those people supports about 10 other people. It’s not a huge salary. “We’re seeing the economy begin to burgeon, not just because of Restoration Gateway but because peace has come to northern Uganda and things are beginning to change. The government is talking about putting in a hydroelectric plant just a few kilometers from this project, which will certainly explode the economy in the area and make a lot of things possible that aren’t possible (now).” Other changes the McCalls have instigated include a system to make interlocking bricks by mixing soil, sand and a small amount of cement. The bricks manually pressed instead of being fired in a kiln,

making the technology portable enough so newly trained brickmakers can take their trade to their home villages. All of Restoration Gateway’s structures are constructed using the bricks. Only the initial buildings – 20foot shipping containers –were placed on the land when the McCalls arrived. “How do you just move onto an undeveloped piece of land with nothing and start? All we could see was tall grass and bush,” McCall says. “The Lord gave us an idea of taking a shipping container, cutting doors and windows into it and modifying it.” The buildings have two containers as a base, which is used for storage. The living area is another container placed on top. “It sounds primitive and I guess it is, but it’s very comfortable,” McCall adds “Being that tall, we have a constant breeze and it’s kind of the center of the activity on the land. I tell people we live in a can down by the river.” McCall was a History major in his undergraduate days at Baylor, a degree that has been valuable to his missionary work. “A degree in history made me aware that not everybody thinks like an American. We need to be sensitive to other cultures,” he says. “They have a reason for the way that they think. They have a history that causes them to think the way that they think. If you ignore that and think the American way is the only way to do something, that won’t be very effective in somebody else’s culture.” Restoration Gateway is sensitive to that fact. In the orphan houses on the land, Ugandan mothers

How do you just move onto an undeveloped piece of land with nothing and start? All we could see was tall grass and bush. The Lord gave us an idea of taking a shipping container, cutting doors and windows into it and modifying it.

— Tim McCall


oversee the children, not American women. Ugandan culture prevails. “They’ll be future leaders in Uganda. We want them raised as Ugandans, with a Ugandan mindset,” he says. “We don’t want Americans or any other foreigners taking care of them. We want Ugandan moms taking care of them where they can get that kind of worldview.” After Baylor, McCall went to the University of Tennessee

Medical School in Memphis, his hometown. After a detour into orthopedic surgery, he ended up doing a residency in family medicine. “I tried to not let people know that I’m a doctor, because if I do, that’s all I do,” he says. “There’s so much need for health care, but we feel like God has a much bigger plan to restore in many areas of society and we feel like if we can build out this community, that will be gateway into northern

Uganda where experts will come from throughout the world to collaborate with experts in Uganda and discuss how to go about restoring … northern Uganda. “Education is an underlying theme in all of that. We educate the workers (who) fled to stay away from the rebels. Most of them never held a job in their life, not because they’re lazy but because the opportunity was not there or work available.

“They had to learn how to come to work on time, learn a skill, building or making bricks or whatever. It’s been amazing to watch the transformation in less than three years and all of the building that has gone on … . The transition that has happened on the land and in the people has been phenomenal.” McCall estimates that Restoration Gateway is in the beginning stages of what will eventually be a 10-year, $10

million project. About onetenth of that money has been raised. As much as he’s moved around in his life, McCall feels that this will be his final stop. “I think this is my last hurrah,” he says. “I think they’ll bury me on the bank of the Nile. Our goal is not to remain there as the leaders. We hope this will become an indigenous effort.”

*end

Photos courtesy of Restoration Gateway

t h e 2 0 1 0 Sp r i n g i s s u e /

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At one point while Adam and

I were talking, Bono sat down at

Dialogues on the

the table next to Adam. He leaned on his elbows toward me, and

“Gloria,” launched into “I Will

said—as apparently he often said to

Follow” and “Out of Control,” and

journalists, even back then—“You

not only brought the crowd to their

know, someday we’re going to be

College of Arts and Sciences. On

feet but had them dancing and

the biggest band in the world.”

the sidewalk, in the classroom,

jumping on top of the tables, this

in the coffee shop, these

supposedly objective journalist

from the surface in those days,

among them. The energy with

almost told him, “Sure you are,”

which they played, the vulnerability

but I dutifully wrote down Bono’s

with which Bono interacted with the

comment in my notebook, promptly

audience, and the band’s almost-

forgot about it—and did not in fact

intersection of faith and culture emerge frequently across the Baylor campus, especially in the

conversations are an exploration of our roles as Christians “in

The skeptical me, never far

the world but not of the world.”

Some conversations may also

English, examines this issue of

painful sincerity instead of the usual

recall it until 1987, five years later,

be internal, as we find that our

faith and culture through the

rock poses of irony and superiority

when I picked up a copy of Time

transformed that dingy club into

magazine, and saw Adam, Bono,

something that, if I’d been willing

and the rest of the band on the

at that time in my life to consider

cover captioned “Rock’s Hottest

it, I would have recognized: a place

Ticket.”

Greg Garrett, professor of

heads and our hearts must come

story of the well-known music

together so we may fully grasp

group, U2, in his book We Get

the faith-culture landscape.

to Carry Each Other. The story

of how a secular music group

of worship. During the time that

tension and disconnect between

struggled with their faith

U2 was playing, we in the audience

decades in which they’ve played,

the two; at other times, we

identity while offering work with

were also transformed. We sensed

Bono recently said that what U2

see similarities and parallels.

spiritual themes to mainstream

our better natures, our connection

brought from the very beginning

The faith and culture themes

audiences exemplifies the faith-

to one another and to the world,

was an emotional and spiritual

permeate our world through

culture crossroads. We share this

and while they were playing, I

rawness: “Rock ’n’ roll is rarely raw

honestly believed that—in the right

in the emotional sense. It can be

arts, literature, film, theatre

excerpt with you as a glimpse

hands—rock ’n’ roll could change

sexual; it can be violent and full

and other forms of creative

of a multilayered dialogue

the world, because for an hour

of bile. Demons can appear to be

expression. How we reconcile

and hope you find the piece

and a half, it had certainly changed

exorcised, but they’re not really,

the culture of our everyday

intriguing—for both your head

us. After the crowds cleared out,

they’re usually being exercised. The

world with our own personal

and your heart.

the staff started cleaning up and

tenderness, the spirituality, the real

faith and value system can be

putting chairs up on tables, and

questions that are on real people’s

bassist Adam Clayton sat down to

minds are rarely covered.” But that

both a personal journey and an

together. They were playing a club

talk with me. My conversation was

insight about what they were doing

academic endeavor.

in Oklahoma City on a cold February

largely with Adam, although Bono

was developed through experience;

night in 1982 when the band was

and guitarist The Edge stopped by

it was not one they had all along.

touring behind October, their

the table at various times. Adam

I did not realize it until years later,

second album, and I was working

and I were the same age—which

but during the time I was talking

for a music magazine as I put myself

was to say, in those days, very young

with Adam and Bono, U2 was just

through college. Like many people, I

(now, less so). He seemed tired, but

concluding a terrible crisis that

as scholarly research and a

had discovered U2 on MTV through

I remember his confidence, his clear

had almost destroyed the band, a

framework for which we use to

the music videos for “I Will Follow”

vision for the band, his willingness

crisis having to do with the spirit.

guide students on examining

from Boy and “Gloria” from October,

to engage my questions, which

Bono, The Edge and drummer

but since I had also bought and

were almost ridiculously mundane

Larry Mullen, Jr., had been deeply

worn out side one of October, I was

after the transcendent show I had

involved with Shalom, a charismatic

At times, we may recognize

Our faculty scholars—

especially in our arts and humanities departments— often delve into this topic

faith and culture. We find that this intersection is often a

\10\

The show was a transcendent

vision: the band opened with

I met U2 very early in their lives

Looking back over the three

quick to volunteer when my editor

witnessed: How was the tour going?

Christian community in Dublin.

remarkable laboratory for the

asked for someone to cover their

Did he think their youth was a help

But after some time, the leaders

scholar and the student alike.

show in a small club.

or a hindrance?

of Shalom had made it clear that

Bay lo r Ar t s & S c i e n c e s


By Greg Garrett

And yet, out of this

crucible—these tensions— they began creating ever more powerful music. After we talked, they went on to as they understood the Bible,

make albums like War and The

Christian belief and pursuit of

Unforgettable Fire that engaged

a career in popular music were

the political and the spiritual

spiritual lives have this at their

antithetical so U2 had two

with insight and sincerity, and

What those in panic

core: both ultimately are about

choices: they should either quit

then they rose to worldwide

mode did not understand, of

people on a journey together.

the band or leave the Shalom

acclaim (not to mention the

course, was that U2 had not

Many contemporary Christians

community.

cover of Time) with The Joshua

completely lost their minds;

have begun to recover the

Tree. They had shown the

they had merely changed

idea of the spiritual life as a

members of U2 reached the

world that—for all intents and

their methods. As The Edge

pilgrimage rather than as a

conclusion that they could—

purposes—the spiritual life and

pointed out, “We were always

and should—be a Christian

success in rock music were not

suspicious of irony, hiding

U2 had always thought of

that includes some and

rock band on their own terms,

opposing values.

behind a wink, clever-clever

as the enemies of authentic

excludes everyone else. Diana

that their music and their

lyrics at the expense of

spiritual experience, became,

Butler Bass writes about this

faith could have a symbiotic

U2 went through a phase

soul … . But in retrospect, I

for awhile, their tools to

pilgrimage throughout her

relationship in which each fed

where some fans felt the band

think we followed that idea

criticize the culture and point

book Christianity for the Rest

the other—and both fed their

members had lost their faith,

through to the end and

back toward a truth that

of Us. Today, she says, many

audience. They left Shalom

their bearings or their minds.

actually discovered that irony

might last. And then, after

Christians are “contemporary

and organized religion behind.

Touring behind the powerfully

is not necessarily the enemy

Achtung Baby, Zooropa and

pilgrims on a quest to find

Still, the tensions between the

dark album Achtung Baby

of the soul.” There was some

Pop, after two of the largest

home,” and in their work, their

Christian and secular worlds

and showcasing a character

crisis of faith involved—The

and most extravagant stage

public lives, and their spiritual

did not go away. Perhaps in a

Bono played called “The Fly,”

Edge says that this period was

shows in rock history, U2 put

lives, they are seeking meaning

world that always tries to label

U2 embarked on an ironic

one of his spiritual low points,

away the drum machines and

and understanding in the best

things in order to understand

embrace of the culture and

and Bono has described Pop

satire just in time to become

ways they know how, with the

them, they could not go away.

of their rock star status. Many

as “a lover’s row,” an argument

the spiritual guides people

help of fellow travelers along

Although U2 contains band

U2 purists blanched at the

with God in the sense of the

needed in a post-9/11 world in

the way. This could describe

members who are deeply

sight of Bono in sunglasses (in

Psalms, honest dialogue

which the religious extremism

U2’s journey as well, a journey

religious, Bono, The Edge

which he remains to this day),

with God. But also, after the

and violence U2 had known

that has been unlike many

and Larry turned away from

at the spectacle and scale of

amazing success of The Joshua

and condemned could—and

other rock bands because

organized religion because of

the concerts and at the band’s

Tree and a resulting critical

did—strike people just like

they’re seeking different things

their experiences with Shalom

musical embrace of dance and

and popular backlash, the

us. All That You Can’t Leave

than most of their peers, who

and because of the continuing

club music, while Christian fans

band decided that they had to

Behind, How to Dismantle an

flare up, flame out, and fade

religious clashes between

of U2 were concerned about

change if they wanted people

Atomic Bomb, and No Line on

away. Steve Stockman, who

Protestants and Catholics

the songs themselves, which

to go on listening to them. In

the Horizon are albums for

wrote a book about the band’s

in their homeland. (As Larry

talked about sensation and

a world full of excess, a world

a world that needs sincerity

spirituality, said, “U2 didn’t

noted, “The IRA would say ‘God

consumption. Was “Miami”

that celebrated irony, no one

again, a world prepared to ask

go into music for [the usual]

is with me. I went to Mass every

on Pop a hymn to mindless

seemed to pay attention to

the hard questions, especially

reasons. They’ve never met

Sunday.’ And the Unionists said

shopping, plastic surgery, and

sincerity any more. But if you

if it’s alongside a group of

the reason they got into it for.

virtually the same thing. And

fashion? Was “Babyface” on

were excessive enough, you

faithful people who have come

They’re still journeying toward

then they would go out and

Zooropa just another simplistic

could, perhaps, draw people’s

to this place through hard

it, and I think that’s why they’re

murder each other.”)

song about sex?

attention to the fact of excess.

questioning of their own.

still making great albums.”

*end

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At last, the religious

And then, in the 1990s,

So satire and irony, which

U2’s musical career and

single moment of decision


Looking out the windows of my office in 100 Burleson Hall, I see literally hundreds of students walking to and from classes, many of them deeply engrossed in conversations. Some of these conversations take place the old-fashioned way: Small groups huddle as they walk, complaining about how hard that test in Brit Lit was or debating the merits of Collins or Memorial for lunch; still others appear solitary—a single student, striding or shuffling, cell phone pressed to the side of the head. Still others walk in apparent silence, thumbs flying across their smart phones, immersed in a text conversation. Texting has become an exciting new venue for the multi-tasker. It’s superior to chatting on the phone (literally speaking with one’s voice, that is) because of the amount of control placed in the hands of (again, literally), the two communicators. After all, one can text while listening to a class lecture, eating dinner, working out, or even when having a face-to-face conversation with another person. The texter is in control. And, of course, it’s fast—messages are brief, and the shorthand that emerged first with computer instant messaging allows the texter to convey complete thoughts with just a few letters. Common examples are TTYL (“Talk To You Later”), IMO (“In My Opinion”), LOL (“Laughing Out Loud”), as well as many others that can’t be listed here. It’s even possible to manage one’s romantic relationships via texting; for

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instance, the term “flexting” refers to flirtatious texting; ending a relationship through a text message is perceived as especially egregious, as seen in the recent film Up in the Air. What texting facilitates is quick, telegraphic communication; however, it doesn’t allow much in the way of audience awareness because of its brevity. While this form of communication doesn’t exactly let one wax poetic, at least it recognizes that a specific audience exists, unlike social networking sites such as Facebook and Twitter. Users of these networks frequently post status updates or “tweets” that frankly, no one else really cares about: “Joe is really tired,” or “Marcie is loving this cold weather,” or “Leo just spilled his coffee again.” One could argue that this type of communication, although extremely popular (consider the recent newlyweds who whipped out their cell phones and promptly updated their Facebook relationship status as soon as the minister pronounced them husband and wife), provides little more than self-indulgent self-expression. Now let’s be clear. I’m not a hater of these newfangled modes of communication. I like to text. I enjoy Facebook, although, Twitter seems to be beyond my capabilities. Yet of all the new communication venues recently available, perhaps the most exciting is the weblog. Blogging allows participants to share their thoughts on a huge variety of issues, from living with cancer to creating strategies to

Bay lo r Ar t s & S c i e n c e s

deal with the nation’s current economic crisis to airing political views. Hundreds of bloggers share their ideas through sites like Politico. com and the Huffington Post. National columnists such as George Will and Paul Krugman blog. Given the nature of the Internet, of course, blogs can be virtually or even completely unedited. One is not likely to find many peer-reviewed blogs out there in cyberspace. On the one hand, this feature of the blogosphere can seem frustrating; anyone with access to a computer (read: anyone not currently living in a cave) can say just about anything to potentially millions of readers. But on the other hand, one could argue that it is precisely this attribute that gives it value. Blogging (not unlike communicating via social networking) is incredibly democratic—just ask any blogger living in a closed, repressive society. As professional educators, we stand looking out over an amazing vista of learning opportunity for our students. The technological revolution of the last few decades has helped shape a generation of young people who write—and write regularly. One of our most significant aims in the College of Arts and Sciences, although perhaps reshaped in some ways by these changes, remains to cultivate critical thinking and communication skills among

As professional educators, we stand looking out over an amazing vista of learning opportunity for our students. The technological revolution of the last few decades has helped shape a generation of young people who write—and write regularly. our students. Those of us who wholeheartedly believe in the benefits of liberal education know that our students must learn how to write and speak well in order to be truly educated. Our diverse curriculum reflects that belief. Whether they will be writing corporate reports or legal briefings or fundraising letters for the local PTA, whether they will speak publically to an audience of a thousand shareholders or to a small group of volunteers, our graduates will use the essential communication skills learned at Baylor almost every day. And yet there is another perhaps even more important reason to learn how to write and speak well. Today we have almost unlimited access to information and people at our fingertips—and people have almost unlimited access to us as audience. With so much information and so many ideas swirling around us, we have to find a way to make sense of it, to sift through it, to decide what to keep and

what to throw out. We need to make sure that our own voices are heard. We need to ensure neither our students, nor we ourselves as their teachers, lose sight of the close relationship between rhetoric and democracy. The ancient Romans believed that oratorical skill was a necessary component of citizenship. Today, we often talk about the significance of freedom. We should continue to strive to impart to the young women and men in our classrooms that learning how to think critically and to write and speak effectively is integral to that freedom.

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If you are interested in changing lives through endowed scholarships, please contact Bill Dube at (254) 710-2561.

Most families share traditions. Some share values. A few work together to accomplish great goals. The Richardson family encompasses all of the above—channeling a legacy of faith, an appreciation for the field of medicine and a love of education into a practical way of empowering Baylor students through family-supported endowed scholarship funds. The Richardson’s family’s Baylor story began not with wealth, prestige or extensive book-knowledge. It began with the lack thereof.

Honoring Those Who Began It All

A New Chapter in a Saga of Giving

Embracing Irl and Pearl’s love for knowledge and Christian

In 2007, Gene Richardson, Jr., (B.B.A. ’84), and

service, three out of four of their children went on to

Jennifer (B.B.A. ‘88), his wife, led the charge to

become physicians. Twenty years after finishing medical

establish a scholarship fund in his parents’ names.

school, the youngest of these, Gene, Sr. ,(B.S. ’54, M.D.

Funded through the Richardson Foundation—

‘57), along with Mary, his wife, rallied the family to

which the father and son team established

recognize Irl and Pearl’s legacy of faith. They honored the

together for such a cause—the Gene and Mary

family’s interest in medicine by establishing an endowed

C. Richardson Family Endowed Scholarship Fund

scholarship. The Irl and Pearl Richardson Endowed

also benefits Baylor students on a pre-medical/

Scholarship Fund supports Baylor pre-medical students,

missions track.

particularly those interested in medical mission work.

endowed scholarship funds designated

“It took joint-family participation to get

“There probably aren’t a lot of other

A Firm Foundation

the fund started—it was a family thing,” Gene, Sr.,

specifically for someone with a pre-med major

“My parents, Irl and Pearl Richardson, were

reflects. “My mother and father exemplified what

and an interest in missions,” Gene, Sr., says. “But

both only afforded an eighth-grade education,”

was important in life, and those are things we

it’s something my son felt strongly about because

Gene Richardson, Sr., says. “But education was

wanted to support.

of my activities, and I felt strongly about because

very important to them, and Dad continued

of my father’s activities.”

to teach himself at home.”

we did, and we feel the need to give back in a

meaningful way.”

experiences has been the opportunity to meet

of foreign missions, Irl became a postman, which

scholarship recipients and witness the difference

helped his family survive the Great Depression

Baylor students with the resources they need. After

made in each student’s life.

and its aftermath.

retiring from a long and successful career in radiology,

Gene, Sr., invested his time, resources and skills into

education at Baylor changed my life,” Gene, Sr.,

for this struggling family from the little town of

medical mission projects, including the establishment of a

says. “That, in itself, was enough to want to give

Kennett, Mo. It was not.

nonprofit organization that brings much-needed medical

back and pass on the experience to other students

equipment and training into Latin American hospitals.

with the same interests as our family.”

A Baptist preacher and fervent supporter

Achieving higher education seemed unlikely

Because of Irl and Pearl’s great desire and

“We were so blessed to get the kind of education

Gene has not stopped at equipping like-minded

For the family one of the most rewarding

“I’ve been so appreciative of how my

willingness to sacrifice, all of the Richardson children and grandchildren were able to attend Baylor University.

t h e 2 0 1 0 Sp r i n g i s s u e /

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C olle g e of A rt s a n d Sc i e nc e s

NON P ROFIT O rga n i z at i o n u. s . p o s tag e pa i d baylor university

One Bear Place #97344 • Waco, TX 76798-7344

Baylor Arts and Sciences Magazine Spring 2010  

in this issue: alumni in Journalism offer insight into the state of the industry; a History grad- now a doctor in Uganda- offers a new persp...

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