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Key Terms ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ●

age-dependency ratio 75 arable land 67 arithmetic density 67 asylum 87 authorized immigrant 83 brain drain 89 carrying capacity 79 circulation 81 cornucopian theory 79 crude birth rate (CBR) 67 crude death rate (CDR) 71 demographic equation 81 demographic transition model 77 emigration 81

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epidemiological transition 78 food insecurity 79 forced migration 81 geodemography 66 human trafficking 90 immigration 81 infant mortality rate 72 internally displaced persons 89 international migration 82 life expectancy 72 migration 81 neo-Malthusian 79 net migration 81 physiological density 67

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population doubling time 76 population ecology 78 population pyramid 73 pull factors 82 push factors 82 rate of natural increase 76 refugee 87 remittance 85 replacement level 67 sex ratio 75 total fertility rate (TFR) 67 transnationalism 85 unauthorized immigrant 83 voluntary migration 81

Critical and Creative Thinking Questions 1. Do you think it would be feasible to establish limits on the population size or density of the world’s largest cities? Why or why not? 2. Is there a relationship between the age structure of a population and crime rates? Explain your answer. 3. What would a population pyramid for a cemetery look like? Speculate on the shape of the population pyramid for Arlington National Cemetery in Virginia, where military personnel and their families are buried, and explain your reasoning. 4. What evidence does this photo provide to challenge a conventional view of age dependents?

5. Discuss how Malthusian views might affect public policy, including welfare programs. 6. If you or your family has moved, reflect on the experience and identify the specific push, pull, and personal factors as well as any intervening obstacles that came into play. If you haven’t moved, find a friend who has and explore the factors that influenced his or her move. 7. Reflect on the following questions: Is the right of reproduction a basic human right? If so, do anti-natalist policies violate it? 8. What relationships might exist between education, fertility, and food security? Explain your reasoning.

Critical and Creative Thinking Questions

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Greiner visualizing human geography chapters 2-5  

Chapters for Manual High School

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