Prevalence of Stunting
`ÊÃiVÕÀÌÞÊ UÊ Ê }ÕÀiÊÎ°£Ó
a. Combining satellite data about environmental conditions, food price information, and urban and rural settlements, the FEWS maps areas of food security and insecurity in order to identify populations susceptible to famine. Food insecurity is not just a concern of other countries; it exists in different magnitudes in all U.S. states.
45–47% 36–44% 25–35% Very little household usage of iodized salt No data
NORTH KOREA 40°N
Sea of Japan
Eritrea L. Chad
Ghana Togo Benin São Tomé & Príncipe
Central African Republic
Somalia L. Albert
also impair health. Food insecurity in North Korea is most severe in the northeastern provinces, where level and arable land are in short supply. North Korea’s food insecurity stems from poverty but is complicated by environmental conditions and the policies of its repressive government. (Source: DPRK, 2005.)
Democratic Republic of the Congo
Stunted growth is a sign of chronic food ▲ b.insecurity and malnutrition. Iodine deﬁciencies
Burkina Faso Guinea- Guinea Bissau Côte Sierra d’Ivoire Leone Liberia
50 Miles 50 Kilometers
Tanzania L. Malawi
Estimated Food Security Conditions in Africa in Spring 2009
Angola Malawi Zambia
Extremely food insecure Highly food insecure Moderately food insecure Generally food secure
Namibia Botswana Swaziland
Lesotho Republic of South Africa
1000 Miles 1000 Kilometers
c. North Korean workers bag donated wheat. The cost of fertilizer has been beyond the means of this impoverished country. Ofﬁcially, U.S. policy is not to use food aid for strategic purposes. However, the United States often does stipulate that the distribution of such aid be monitored. Does this make food a political tool?
the U.S. Agency for International Development. Since hunger is an expression of food insecurity, another approach to population-environment studies involves the political ecology of hunger. Geographer Michael Watts has long argued that famine and hunger have multiple causes, requiring an understanding of environmental conditions and political policies (}ÕÀiÊÎ°£Ó).
80 CHAPTER 3 Population and Migration
1. What principle of population did Malthus advance, and how has it been criticized? 2. What are the implications of neo-Malthusian and cornucopian perspectives for resource use? 3. Why is food insecurity a geographic issue?
Published on Sep 3, 2013