Bay Area Clay: A LEGACY OF SOCIAL CONSCIOUSNESS

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Bay Area Clay

A LEGACY OF SOCIAL CONSCIOUSNESS

RICHARD NOTKIN· ARTHUR GONZALEZ· MARC LANCET RICHARD SHAW· LISA REINERTSON· MARK MESSENGER MICHELLE GREGOR· WANXIN ZHANG· STAN WELSH MONICA VAN DEN DOOL· EHREN TOOL



Hoffman Gallery of Contemporary Art Lewis & Clark College NCECA Conference Portland, Oregon March 2017

Arts Benicia

Benicia, California October 2017

Pence Gallery Davis, California May 2018

Special thanks to Laguna Clay for their generous support

Catalog design: Pat Young/Studio Red Dog © 2017, Lisa Reinertson Front Cover: Richard Shaw - “Three Stacks and Three Stacks Book Jar”, 2010, glazed porcelain with overglaze transfers, 8” x 11” x 91/2“



Bay Area Clay

A LEGACY OF SOCIAL CONSCIOUSNESS RICHARD SHAW RICHARD NOTKIN MICHELLE GREGOR MARC LANCET LISA REINERTSON WANXIN ZHANG EHREN TOOL ARTHUR GONZALEZ MARK MESSENGER STAN WELSH MONICA VAN DEN DOOL


Robert Arneson - “General Nuke”, 1984, glazed stoneware and bronze on granite base, 77 3/4" x 30" x 36 ¾”. Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, Smithsonian Institution. Gift of Robert Arneson and Sandra Shannonhouse, 1990. Photo Credit: Lee Stalsworth ©2017, Estate of Robert Arneson, Licensed by VAGA, New York, NY


Bay Area Clay

A LEGACY OF SOCIAL CONSCIOUSNESS by Lisa Reinertson Artist and Exhibition Curator From Robert Arneson’s “War Heads” to Stephen De Staebler’s enigmatic figures, the early Bay Area clay sculptors were addressing themes of the human condition reflected in the social and political issues of the times. How these pioneers of the Bay Area ceramic movement influenced several generations of West Coast clay sculptors, and how the current clay artists continue to bring their commentary on our social, political and environmental issues of our times is the theme explored in this exhibition. These early contemporary ceramic sculptors not only projected thought and inspiration into the future with their timeless work, but through teaching, mentored generations of artists to carry technical mastery and social engagement into their own artwork and into the flux of our shared future. “Bay Area Clay: A Legacy of Social Consciousness” is a legacy of hopefulness for our future. Whether the artwork is expressing something beautiful of the human spirit, or the artwork is an expression of social criticism; the underlying idea is that artists are called to speak their truth. And, as Dr. Martin Luther King stated, “Speaking truth is ultimately a powerful weapon for change.” The 1960’s ushered in a radical shift in consciousness that permeated our culture. In the San Francisco Bay Area this shift was felt deeply. The War in Vietnam, the Civil Rights Movement, and Women’s Rights Movement had us looking at our society with both a more critical, and what is seemingly contradictory, a more hopeful spirit. People were taking on the responsibility to “question authority” as a moral obligation with the goal of improving our society. A certain individual freedom of consciousness was in the air, which was reflected in the work of Bay Area artists. And clay, a medium that was outside the realm of the ‘Fine Art Establishment’, was the perfect vehicle for playing around with this spirit of freedom.


Robert Arneson, Viola Frey and Stephen De Staebler were amongst the teachers of the clay community that was blossoming in the Bay Area. Ideas grew exponentially as students became mature artists in their own right exploring this medium with the freedom that came with the insight that clay, like paint or steel, was just another opportunity for artistic expression; expression that broke new ground. From sculpture to painted surfaces, from abstract expressionist works to political narrative, from pop art to installation, clay proved to be the most versatile and expressive of mediums.

Robert Arneson’s work moved rapidly through the changes of abstract expressionist pottery, to pop inspired objects, to becoming one of the founders of of the “Funk Art” ceramic scene. But his work resisted categorization as he explored the trials and travails of the human condition through his series of selfportraits, portraits of artists who influenced him, and his infamous George Moscone bust in which he utilized the pedestal of the sculpture to portray the life and death story of San Francisco’s mayor. His later works boldly confronted the darkest side of humanity in the “War Head” series, and painfully exposed the excruciating reality of his battle with cancer.

Stephen De Staebler’s work expressed layers of evocative meaning addressing the human condition. The vulnerability and fragility of our existence on earth is expressed with such tragic beauty. One feels the history and

Stephen De Staebler - “Standing Woman and Standing Man”, 1975, Stoneware and porcelain, two 96 x 14.5 x 33.5” figures. Photo: Scott McCue


impacts of war, famine, the Holocaust, in layers of earth that express a timelessness of human suffering and man’s inhumanity to man.

Viola Frey’s life-size women and over-life size businessmen reflected back on our culture’s gender politics and the domination of corporate capitalism. Her “Corporate Men” exude an oppressive power, towering over the viewer, a dominating presence felt in all of her 9 feet tall ‘men in suits’.

One of the common threads I see in the work that has come from this legacy of clay artists is what I call ‘the subtle Art of social criticism’. As bold as the work often is, it seems to share a common subtlety of social critique. These artists avoid confrontational verbal argument and overtly dogmatic literal statements by blending technical mastery, humor, beauty, pathos, and rich visual layers of meaning. Thus the artist can express an idea in their artwork in a way that hits the viewer deeply and intuitively. The personal is political and the political is aesthetic. Viola Frey - Man Observing, Series III, 1984, ceramic and glazes, 105 x 44 x 28 inches (266.7 x 111.8 x 71.1 cm), ALF no. VF-3206CS, Art © Artists’ Legacy Foundation / Licensed by VAGA, New York. Collection of Oakland Museum of California, The Ted and Ruth Nash Collection, 2007.52.2.


Richard Notkin - “How Many Times?”, 2016, Mid-range stoneware, glaze, 13 5/8” x 11 3/4” x 11 3/4"


Richard Notkin’s social criticism carries the weight of outrage. Yet his powerful images of nuclear explosions, anti-war themes and capitalist corruption are stealthily presented in an exquisite package of great beauty and almost incomprehensible technical mastery. The power of the greatest of Goya’s social critiques delivered in the form of a functional teapot. His new “Hill Jar Series” is based on a marvelous body of work produced during the Han Dynasties.

“The glazed reliefs on the cylinder walls and sculptural imagery of the lids of the Hill Jars provide the perfect format for my continuing explorations into the human condition, and my ongoing protests aimed squarely at the utter insanity of war. While I utilize the beauty of the execution in the objects I create to lure the viewer in, the imagery, which the viewer encounters is purposely challenging – and occasionally disturbing… My intent is to not merely copy these classical works, but to transform the imagery within their aesthetic parameters to reflect our contemporary culture and, in particular, my concerns regarding the many dire threats the human species faces at the beginning of the 21st century… I feel it is of utmost importance that my work has an impact on viewers today, and, hopefully, into our unknown and precarious future.”


Richard Shaw - “Three Stacks and Three Stacks Book Jar”, 2010, glazed porcelain with overglaze transfers, 8” x 11” x 9 1/2 “


Richard Shaw’s work departed from the overtly Funk scene with a subtle humor, creating exquisite trompe l’oeil ceramic art works that, like pop art, were of everyday objects. And with a title of a book, or the balancing act of his walking objects, he creates an understated observation/commentary that reflects back on our humanity and culture. As Beth Goldberg stated, “Residing amidst the humor and irreverence of Richard Shaw’s porcelain sculptures is a quiet sympathy for humanity and it’s foibles.”

“I try to stand back and be the absent arranger, creating a poem about a person using humor, irony, and elegance. Sometimes the subject is actually me, as in the watercolor box jars, where I reference my role as the artist, using images from my sketchbooks. The human aspect of the still life or assemblage acts as a person memorializing their identity using the objects from their personal narrative. The narrative itself reveals their tastes, pastimes, intellectual pursuits, sins, habits good and bad, obsessions, etc. Identifying as another person in the arrangement of objects allows me the freedom to make unconscious decisions and to act spontaneously, to experiment and take chances, and to let the conflict of self-imposed rules go.”


Arthur Gonzalez - “Acid Rain”, 1988, Ceramic and mixed media, 36“ x 21” x 12”


Arthur Gonzalez’ powerful and deeply human sculptures reflect a subtle feeling of ‘the personal as political’. There is a wonderful sense of poetic freedom in his use of materials, and the often felt “fool’s journey” as his figures navigate this troubled earth.

“The current series that I am working on is called “The Fence in the Hole”. This work incorporates the elements of the main character that is pre-occupied in various dynamics. The common thread with this series and all the work in the past is the continuation of the personal study of the nature of narrative (as opposed to the idea of an absolute or specific story being told). This is accomplished through placement of elements and the protagonist’s dealings with those elements. Through this approach, the reader is compelled to interpret the work through visual triggers and compositions.”


Lisa Reinertson - “Pieta”, 2012, Ceramic, 36“ x 32” x 12” Photo credit: Scott McCue


Lisa Reinertson’s large scale ceramic and bronze sculptures express an underlying humanism, from her public sculptures of Martin Luther King and Cesar Chavez to her more poetic sculptures of women with children or animals. Her recent ceramic sculptures explore our relationship with the other sentient beings on this earth. Her work combines a realism rooted in the humanist figurative tradition in art with a contemporary expression of social and psychological content.

“My recent body of work is driven by my awareness of the crisis of so many animals on the verge of extinction. Human figures are portrayed in relation with animals, reminding us that beneath our human built world is the primal natural world that sustains and supports us. Resonating in myth and poetry, the sculptures express an interdependence; an awareness of our responsibility of stewardship for life on this earth, which is ultimately interlinked with our own survival.”


Mark Messenger - "Ephemera", 2009, Ceramic, 60” x 36” x 24” Courtesy of the Crocker Art Museum


Mark Messenger’s clay sculptures combine three-dimensional form with narrative imagery carved onto the surface. With a graphic narrative quality, his recent sculptural works evoke reminders of the complex history of oppression and conquest of indigenous cultures. These artworks ask timeless questions that address our basic humanity.

“My work represents a personal Mythology based on a contemporary perspective. Through my ceramic works, I explore social, political and psychological issues in the form of narratives. This involves a variety of Characters which might be viewed as elemental components of “self”. These Characters interact amidst an eclectic, often anachronistic array of images and objects derived from history, religion, mythology, contemporary life, media and art. Their drama, in a variety of often humorous situations, forms the dominant undercurrent. My aim is to piece together universal aspects of this dynamic.”


Wanxin Zhang - “Tomorrow Will Be Fine!” 2013, Ceramic, 53“ × 17” × 15”


Wanxin Zhang brings a contemporary cross-cultural and international perspective to his powerfully engaging large figures that juxtapose imagery from Chinese art and culture with the visceral impact and influence of the Bay Area Clay artists.

“I believe that “revitalization” of artistic concepts through the past, present, and future is a very challenging task. Regardless of the cultural implications, space, and time between these acts of recreation, one must also keep in mind that art is not the only motivation behind them. More importantly, the spirit and content of today’s society is the true source of these attempts… My pieces are about finding my personal identity, while sparking a contemporary dialogue about social, historical and political issues.”


Ehren Tool - “Three of Many, Cups”, Porcelain, 2016


Ehren Tool, a veteran from the first Gulf War, has been making (and giving away) thousands of porcelain cups; cups imbedded with images of war, of soldiers, of the glamour and horror of war imagery that we carry in our society. The cups are a powerful form of anti-war activism presented as installations, in battalions or troops; as conceptual works, and as just, “cups”. They have been exhibited nationally and internationally and gifted to people from the President and Pentagon officials to anyone who goes to his shows.

“I just make cups. The gap between the stated goal and the outcome of my war and my service has been a great disappointment. I have dreams about what I am doing and what the cups mean but I don’t feel comfortable putting those dreams on paper. I hope the cups can be the start of conversations about unspeakable things. Any power the cups have come from the conversations. I am sure there is a doctor that would diagnose/medicate me for making and giving away so many cups.“


Michelle Gregor - “Scout”, Ceramic, 2011, 30“ x 16” x 18”


Michelle Gregor’s figurative ceramic sculptures evoke a timeless and yet contemporary expression of the human condition embodied in the exploration of “woman” as subject. Michelle handles the clay medium and her rich color palette with a process-oriented and intuitive approach that resonates from her Bay Area roots and her deep understanding of Abstract Expressionism. Her female figures are solid and strong, as they carry both their mortal history and the beauty of their spirits intact.

“Sculpture is a tributary that runs deeply through the great creative current. The Process of sculpture in clay, with its slow beginning, heavy physicality, and transformations through both water and fire, compels me. To practice this art form is to be deeply humbled by its treasures, exquisite and remarkable. This long conversation between artist and material takes many courses: a wandering dialogue. Through the vehicle of the Figure, my intention is to articulate something of the precious source that animates us. The transient state of our existence is the muse.”


Marc Lancet - “Missile Defense”, 2014, Wood-fired Ceramic, 28“ x 29” x 16”


Marc Lancet’s figurative sculptures are rooted in the aesthetic traditions of wood-fired ceramics while simultaneously expressing the destructive impact of humanity’s obsession with war. As a professor and artist, he is deeply committed to the idea that art matters, to the health of the human spirit and to humanity’s future.

“All we do in this world, we embody. All our actions become part of us, culturally, socially, historically, psychologically and even physically. I bring to the studio my own fascination with the ‘complex, dynamic, cultural forces’ and a trust that these interests will emerge in the work without my forcing them. I endeavor to create sculpture in which conceptual integrity and sculptural attributes are intertwined, inseparable.”


Monica Van Den Dool - “Chunk” 2010, Ceramic and mixed media, 30“ x 24” x 9”


Monica Van den Dool’s work can be simultaneously experienced as a metaphor of the human condition, and as a jarring confrontation for the viewer to consider our “stewardship” of other living beings on this planet.

“The work in this series deals broadly with humanist concerns about the past, present, and future of the human condition and our inability to comprehend or express our connections to the natural world. Inspired by the conventions of still life painting and our troubled interactions with this animal/natural world, simplified representations of animals are contrasted with cartoonishly glazed and artificially bright and vibrant elements (dripping oranges and apples, celebratory bows and ribbons, flowing colors). The jarring compositions are intended to correlate with the complexity and strain of our attempt to understand mortality in its entirety, and play upon our persistent separation and alienation from any “natural” state.”


Stan Welsh - “Messenger”, 2016, Ceramic and photo panel, 24” x 32” x 8"


Stan Welsh’s new “Migration” series causes one to reflect upon the timeless crisis of refugees. These three-dimensional travelers, weighed down by the burdens on their backs, are juxtaposed with large two-dimensional planes of color or images that create a sense of vast and anonymous isolation and homelessness.

“Formally, I would like this work to portray a sense of clarity, simplicity, beauty and balance. Conversely and conceptually, I am trying to create a feeling of apprehension that suggests that things are not what they appear to be. In this series titled “Migrations” I place the ceramic figures into a landscape dominated by water, paying homage to man’s precarious and tenuous relationship to the overwhelming power of nature. I am trying to create enigmatic spaces that evoke a perception of distance and emptiness where nature rules supreme. Compositions are meant to correlate with the complexity and strain of our attempt to understand mortality in its entirety.”


Ceramics, Activism and the Bay Area: A Personal Journey By Richard Notkin January 2017 The 1960’s decade was a time of deep division and strife in America. This dark period in our nation’s history brought us the assassinations of John Kennedy, Martin Luther King Jr., Robert Kennedy and others. We watched in horror as the disastrous and unnecessary war in Vietnam spiraled out of control. It was not just an ill-conceived distant event, but one in which all American men had a stake, as mandatory military conscription was sending many of us to fight in the jungles of southeast Asia. Even if we weren’t sent into this muddy, blood-soaked meat-grinder ourselves, we were directly affected by friends and relatives who were returning damaged – mentally and/or physically – or in flag draped coffins. So we demonstrated in the streets in massive numbers, suffering teargas grenades, arrests and violence – Kent State was the worst incident – to protest this crime our nation was committing on the other side of the world. I am not stating that my generation was any more altruistic than any other, only that we were motivated to action because it was our asses that were on the military’s burner. We not only questioned our leaders and our nation’s priorities, we questioned everything. This included some revolutions in the art world, spawning such movements as Pop and Funk. I began working in clay as a sculpture student at the Kansas City Art Institute in the late 1960’s, inspired by these art movements to create such low-fire ceramic pieces with humorous one line titles such as “Peas March in Washington”, “The Erection of the Washington Monument” and “Washington Baloney”, which depicted a bologna sandwich on a plate, with the various D.C. landmarks morphing from the surface of the bologna, complete with an extruded squirt of mustard. I was, like most of my peers, a bit of a hippie, but I was also seriously hooked on both clay and commentary. Hopefully, the work has evolved over the succeeding five decades of my life as an artist. The point is, we all have to begin somewhere.


NCECA held its fourth annual conference in Kansas City in 1969. It was hugely attended by 300 ceramic artists and students, the largest NCECA gathering ever. A bunch of wild and crazy ceramic artists from the West Coast attended, and the NelsonAtkins Museum of Art had an exhibition with the theme West Coast Ceramics. It introduced me to the work of now iconic artists like Robert Arneson, Jim Melchert, Patti Warashina, Clayton Bailey, Howard Kottler, Michael Frimkiss and others who were stretching, bending and questioning the current state of the ceramic arts and our culture. Jim Melchert sent two plastic bags of wet pugged clay with a label attached that read “Pre-sculpture” and gave a rambling multi-media keynote address that included alternative film clips and Albert King’s signature recording, “Born Under a Bad Sign.” I went bananas…. Richard Notkin - "The Last Syllable of Recorded Time", 2010, When I received my BFA in Ceramics, Stoneware, 77.5” x 51.5“ x 2.5” Ken Ferguson had a direct pipeline in which he sent a few students each year to the NY State College of Ceramics at Alfred. He wanted to put me into this pipeline, but I was headed west, to the Bay Area of California, where the type of work I was pursuing was happening and hot. I spent the early 1970’s working towards my MFA under the tutelage of Bob Arneson, in his revolutionary program at the University of California at Davis. The spirit of rebellion against all manner of authority was in the air, and in our music and hairy lifestyles. We broke every rule of our culture and even some laws, but, damn it, we were going to make art and change the world. Some of us are still trying, and over the years we have been joined by many more, many of whom are represented in this exhibition.


We have now entered a moment in history in which the strongest nation in the world, both economically and militarily, is governed by a factchallenged, vulgar, arrogant and egotistical president who has assembled a cabinet and advisors consisting of power hungry sycophants. These well connected millionaires and billionaires will continue to enrich themselves through a denial of science, a severe denigration of our free press, and by thumbing their noses at time honored ethical standards in our country and long standing commitments to nations throughout this perilous world. Given Donald Trump’s adolescent proclivity towards early morning tweeted insults, the world we cherish could end not with a bang, but with a tweet. Not a time to just whimper… Undeniably, World War III would put a serious crimp in all of our career plans. And even if the human race does not make a sudden exit from the planet as a result of thermonuclear warfare, then our species’ demise might be slow and painful as climate change creates droughts and worldwide food shortages, starvation and epidemics. So, where do we go from here? I would suggest that we need to be aware, alert and active, in a myriad of ways, which, for some, might include art works that embody the spirit of protest. This seems to be a growing trend, for the same reasons that the 60’s inspired massive protests. It is now all of us whose asses are on the burner, and this time it is multiple burners. Our children and grandchildren face a very uncertain future, and they will not be complacent in the face of this obvious fact. There is hope, but we must act now if we wish to change direction. Which brings me back to the ceramic arts. I have never desired to be the “Billy Graham of Political Ceramics”. Nor have I ever pushed for ceramic artists to embrace the role of social and political criticism in their work, but have always been an advocate for those who choose and are committed to such a role. While direct political messages in the ceramic arts were not exactly popular or accepted in the 1960’s, the numbers of ceramists as activists has steadily increased over the decades. Today that role is no longer questioned.


I would like to relate a philosophical approach that has evolved in my personal journey as an artist. For those of us who choose the role of the artist as activist, we should always remember that to be effective, we must primarily be artists. In other words, we should produce works in our chosen media that are, first and foremost, strong works of art. Works that make people stop and think, works that quite simply knock a person’s socks off. The power of our work to attract viewer’s attention is not merely in the message itself, but in the strong conceptual and aesthetic depth of each piece we produce. This is necessary to attract and hold the mind of the viewer long enough to deciper the meanings imbedded in the art. Even if you agree with its underlying message, you might, for example, walk out on a movie that is horribly scripted, poorly directed, with bad acting and cinematography, etc. So it goes with all forms of the arts. First, amaze me with strong concept and execution, then surprise me with your message. And if you have chosen the direction of functional pottery, or work abstractly in ceramic sculpture, or in performance or new media approaches, you also need to work at the peak of your evolving capabilities. All artists contribute to a creative spirit we so desperately need to oppose the destruction we see all around us. It is a collective effort, a force, if you will, countering the Richard Notkin - "Heart Teapot: Petrol Hostage" Yixing Series (2013), Stoneware, 6.5" x 11.25" x 5.75" dark side of our human capabilities. After all, the power of art is not merely in the objects or events themselves, but in how each work of art has the ability to touch and impact – sometimes quite profoundly – the hearts and minds of those who encounter it. In that spirit, it seems fitting to close with a quote by Andre Malraux: “Art is a revolt against man’s fate.”



The Educational Legacy of the Artists: Richard Shaw received his MFA at UC Davis in 1968 working with Robert Arneson. He had a long teaching career at both the San Francisco Art Institute and UC Berkeley. Richard Notkin received his MFA at UC Davis in 1973 working with Robert Arneson. He has taught hundreds of workshops nationally and internationally, and is currently teaching at the Kansas City Art Institute. Arthur Gonzalez received his MFA in 1981 at UC Davis working with Robert Arneson. He has been teaching in the Ceramics Department at California College of the Arts for over 25 years. Lisa Reinertson received her MFA in 1984 at UC Davis working with Robert Arneson. She has taught in several colleges and universities in Northern California, most recently at the San Francisco Art Institute. Ehren Tool received his MFA in 2005 at UC Berkeley working with Richard Shaw. He has taught classes and has been the Ceramic Tech at UC Berkeley for many years. Michelle Gregor received her MFA in 1992 at San Francisco State University working with Stephen De Staebler. She is head of the Ceramics program at San Jose City College. Marc Lancet received his MFA in 1983 at UC Santa Barbara and migrated to the Bay Area where he has been head of the Ceramics and Sculpture program at Solano Community College for over thirty years. Mark Messenger received his MFA at San Diego State University in 1994. He has been teaching ceramics at Diablo Valley College in the East Bay for 20 years. Monica Van den Dool received her MFA in 1995 at Montana State University. She has taught at several colleges in the Bay Area and has been on the faculty at San Jose State University for 18 years. Wanxin Zhang, born and educated in China, graduated from the LuXun Academy of Fine Art in Sculpture in 1985. In 1992 he relocated to San Francisco and received his Masters in Fine Arts from the Academy of Art University. Zhang has been on the faculty of the Academy of Art University, UC Berkeley and CCAC, and the San Francisco Art Institute. Stan Welsh received his MFA in 1978 at Alfred University and has been a professor in the Art Department at San Jose State University since 1981 where he headed the Ceramics Program. Robert Arneson - UC Davis Viola Frey - California College of Arts and Crafts Stephen De Staebler - San Francisco State University


Addendum: Much has happened in our country since I first wrote my proposal for this exhibition. Our new administration does not bode well for social justice, peace, or Mother Nature. The Women’s March occurred as I was editing this and has brought renewed inspiration to stand strong and to speak our truths. It feels ever more important at this time to acknowledge the history of, and give voice to, artists of social conscience.

Lisa Reinertson - Ceramic Sculptor and Exhibition Curator, Photo credit: Kurt Fishback

Special Thanks: I want to thank every artist in this exhibition for their help and support, and for the powerful art that they create and share with the world. Special thanks are due to Mark Messenger, Marc Lancet, and Monica Van den Dool for their additional help. I am most grateful to Richard Notkin for sharing his personal narrative and philosophical insight on the history of Clay and Social Consciousness. –Lisa Reinertson



“All artists contribute to a creative spirit we so desperately need to oppose the destruction we see all around us. It is a collective effort, a force, if you will, countering the dark side of our human capabilities. After all, the power of art is not merely in the objects or events themselves, but in how each work of art has the ability to touch and impact – sometimes quite profoundly – the hearts and minds of those who encounter it.” –Richard Notkin

Photo: Artist Mark Messenger at work