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2 | Seniors 2013 W E E K LY CALENDAR Looking for a group to walk with or play a lively game of bridge? There are plenty of activities at area parks and the Senior Center, 450 S. Acoma Blvd. Call the phone numbers listed for details.


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• Duplicate Bridge, 1:30 p.m., $6, Senior Center, 680-6711. • Exercise class, 8:30 a.m. Senior Center. $1. 453-0715 • Pinochle, Senior Center, 12:30 p.m. 453-0715. • Senior softball, Rotary Park, 9:30 a.m., 505-3075. • Senior walking group, Rotary Park, 9 a.m. 453-9019. • Table Tennis, 9:30 a.m. Senior Center.

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• AZ health insurance Medicare counselor, Senior Center, walk-ins 8 a.m.-3 p.m., 4530715. • Hand and foot cards, Senior Center, 12:30-3:30 p.m., 4530715. • Party Bridge, 12:30 p.m., Senior Center, $1. 453-0715.

A reverse mortgage provides many options: Pay off your existing mortgage and eliminate the principal and interest payment every month. A home equity credit line you can access as needed that may increase depending on your usage. A monthly income for the rest of your life or for a set period as long as you live in the home. A lump sum of cash you can use for any purpose. With a Reverse Mortgage you have NO Monthly Payment of Principal and Interest. You are responsible for property taxes and homeowners hazard insurance. Call Mohave State Bank today and talk with one of our experienced Reverse Mortgage Specialists to see if a reverse mortgage is for you!

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WEDNESDAY • AZ Attorney General volunteers help file civil/civil rights complaints, consumer fraud, Senior Center, 12:30-3:30 p.m., 453-0715. • Desert Singles Social Club, age 55-plus, 5-6 p.m. Elks Lodge, 208-3144. • Duplicate Bridge, 1:30 p.m., $6, Senior Center, 680-6711. • Exercise class, 8:30, Senior Center, $1. 453-0715. • Line dance classes, 9 a.m., Elks Lodge, all welcome. 8550798. • Pinochle, Senior Center, 12:30 p.m. 453-0715. • Yoga, Senior Center, 2 p.m. • Senior softball practice. 9:30

a.m., Rotary Park, 680-5534. • Senior walking group, Rotary Park, 9 a.m. 453-9019 or 855-6541.

THURSDAY • Antique Appraisals By Dave Bolster, 9-11 a.m. Open to the public, Senior Center members, free; non-members, by donation. 2-item carry in limit. 453 0715. (Last Thursday of the month.) • Bingo, 1-3 p.m., $4. Senior Center, 4530715. (Third Thursday of the month.) • Bunco, 12:30 p.m., Senior Center, 453-0715. • Guitar lessons 8:15-9 a.m., $1, Senior Center, 453-0715. • Jam session, all musicians, 910 a.m., $1, Senior Center, 453-0715 • Maturing Masters, open art studio, 8 a.m.-11:30 a.m., Senior Center, $1, bring art materials, 208-2025. • Party Bridge, 12:30 p.m., $1, Senior Center, 453-0715. • Senior softball, Rotary Park, 9:30 a.m., 505-3075.

FRIDAY • Duplicate Bridge, 1:30 p.m., $6, Senior Center, 680-6711. • Exercise, 8:30 a.m., Senior Center. $1. 453-0715. • Mexican Train, 12:30 p.m. Senior Center. • Pinochle, 12:30-4 p.m., Senior Center, $1. 453-0715. • Senior walking group, Rotary Park, 9 a.m. 453-9019. • Table Tennis, 9:30 a.m. Senior Center.

SATURDAY • Desert Singles Social Club, age 55 and up. 4 p.m., bowling, 208-3144.

SUNDAY • Duplicate Bridge, 1:30 p.m., $6, Senior Center, 680-6711.

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Seniors 2013 | 3

CBS Films photo

From left, Kevin Kline (as Sam Harris), Morgan Freeman (as Archie Clayton), Robert De Niro (as Paddy Connors), and Michael Douglas (as Billy Gherson) star in CBS Films' comedy "Last Vegas."

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Michael Douglas, Robert De Niro, Morgan Freeman and Kevin Kline could be the figureheads for a Mount Rushmore tribute to screen actors of a certain age. While the frothy comedy "Last Vegas" isn't an honor on that level, it's an agreeable time-waster that allows the formidable four to hang loose, have fun and hand out life lessons to whippersnappers. The film opens with a setup that's pure sitcom. Wealthy Lothario Douglas is about to wed a Malibu Barbie a third his age, so he rounds up the old gang for a Sin City bachelor party. Freeman, a stroke survivor feeling overprotected by his adult son, and Kline, a married would-be swinger who wants to stave off the shuffleboard stage another few years, fall in quickly. De Niro, a crabby widower with a grudge against Douglas, takes some persuading. Having set the bar low for viewers' expectations, the film occasionally surprises us with a handful of jokes that hit the target. Kline's wife sends him on his way with a condom and a Viagra tablet in hopes that a little adventure will put the wind back in his sails. Hosting a wild party in the gang's palatial suite, Freeman breaks out delightful dance moves with a funky Electric Slide. Douglas and De Niro declare a ceasefire, only to resume hostilities when both fall for an ageappropriate lounge singer (Mary Steenburgen). Screenwriter Dan Fogelman (of the vastly superior "Crazy, Stupid, Love") supplies countless color-by-numbers old-guy jokes. (Retirees judging a raucous bikini contest? Comedy gold! A tubby old lady joining the lineup? High-larious!) He also sprinkles in a few zingers for younger viewers who may be at the theater chaperoning Pop Pop. When Freeman knocks back his first vodka and Red Bull, he declares, "It's like getting drunk and electrocuted at the same time." Romany Malco supplies a blast of youth-comedy cred as the gents' hotel concierge, and a top rapper pops up for a didn't-see-that-coming cameo. The movie is ultimately as rewarding as a bad run at the craps table, but I couldn't bring myself to hate it. Not quite.



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4 | Seniors 2013

Airy works that last and last By HANNAH LEONE THE SEATTLE TIMES

SEATTLE — Celeste Cooning settles in at her worn work table in the Tashiro Kaplan Artist Lofts for what will be a long night — at 1:30 p.m. Her company: her handmade templates, her trusty XActo knife No. 11, a couple dozen yards of white Tyvek and the radio. In fewer than 24 hours, the Seattle artist needs to finish transforming the Tyvek — woven from high-density fibers, the material is hard to tear but easy to cut — into the backdrop for a wedding at Benaroya Hall. The two 10foot-wide panels have been in the works since spring, but like many of Cooning’s projects, this backdrop will culminate in a down-to-the-wire production night. Cooning’s backdrops are tapestry-meets-paper snowflake — and they range from small projects to 2010’s “Celebrations” installation at Occidental Park, which was suspended 30 feet in the air and spanned 70 feet wide. Her work combines airy, elegant

shapes with the toughness of Tyvek. She usually works in white because it picks up nuances of light and shadow, which is what her work is about, she says. Responsible for the huge backdrops at City Hall weddings, Cooning also creates pieces for storefronts, celebrations and city parks. One of her new projects is a piece for the John Ritter Foundation, which focuses on aortic disease education and research. She’s venturing beyond lightweight materials: With the help of fabricators, Cooning transferred her designs to metal this fall for her first permanent public installation, “Bounty,” at Jackson Park Golf Course’s perimeter trail. The park’s trail moves in and out of wooded areas, and Cooning views her installation as a threshold for the trail. It is a single supporting arch with a lacy, frondlike “bloom” at the top. Cooning’s installation at Occidental Park is another departure: She performed her cut-paper technique on sailboat sails. Titled “Ichi Mi San,” Japanese for “one-twothree,” it is based on triangles,

Artist Celeste Cooning which are a popular motif in her work does not end when Japanese art. she finishes making it. She As a self-described maker, likes to install her work herCooning’s process is about self, so she can fuss and turning anxiety into joy. The finesse until the final moment. age-old debate of makers — As a child, Cooning was who extend the DIY ethic interested in performing arts. through technology — is man She didn’t take her first visualvs. machine, which is espe- arts class until her senior year cially relevant today, she says. of high school, but was Cooning draws patterns on “always making things” growgraph paper and scans the fin- ing up. She earned undergradished motifs into a computer uate degrees in painting and so she can print them at differ- history at Indiana University, ent sizes. She traces the tem- and a master of fine arts in plates onto Tyvek, then painting at the University of painstakingly hand-cuts each Washington. and every omission. She She was looking to define redraws, recuts and fine-tunes her process during a drawing down to the last minute. This marathon at the University of level of refining isn’t possible Washington when, driven by with a machine. an interest in pattern, she “I don’t think people are as thought to experiment with cut connected to making as they paper. Because it was a new way used to be,” Cooning says. Cooning’s attachment to of working, there were no rules, she says; that meant she got to make up her craft as she went along. Fellow visual artist Kristen Donnelly, whose work also transitioned from painting to cut-paper, first met Cooning at Indiana University. “As an artist I noticed how honest she was about her work: it’s successes and failure,” Donnelly says. “She was proud of her accomplishments but always the first to admit Seattle Times photos that she wanted to work hardAbove, Cooning uses an X-acto knife to create cut-paper er and do more, try something artwork in her studio in Seattle, Wash. At left, a detail of new, take things one step furbuckeye, cut-paper artwork by Cooning. ther.”

Seniors 2013 | 5

Pension plan limitations for 2014 planned The Internal Revenue Service recently announced cost-of-living adjustments affecting dollar limitations for pension plans and other retirement-related items for tax year 2014. Some pension limitations such as those governing 401(k) plans and IRAs will remain unchanged because the increase in the Consumer Price Index did not meet the statutory thresholds for their adjustment. However, other pension plan limitations will increase for 2014. Highlights include the following: • The elective deferral (contribution) limit for employees who participate in 401(k), 403(b), most 457 plans, and the federal government’s Thrift Savings Plan remains unchanged at $17,500. • The catch-up contribution limit for employees aged 50 and over who participate in 401(k), 403(b), most 457 plans, and the federal govern-

ment’s Thrift Savings Plan remains unchanged at $5,500. • The limit on annual contributions to an Individual Retirement Arrangement (IRA) remains unchanged at $5,500. The additional catchup contribution limit for individuals aged 50 and over is not subject to an annual cost-ofliving adjustment and remains $1,000. • The deduction for taxpayers making contributions to a traditional IRA is phased out for singles and heads of household who are covered by a workplace retirement plan and have modified adjusted gross incomes (AGI) between $60,000 and $70,000, up from $59,000 and $69,000 in 2013.

For married couples filing jointly, in which the spouse who makes the IRA contribution is covered by a workplace retirement plan, the income phase-out range is $96,000 to $116,000, up from $95,000 to $115,000. For an IRA contributor who is not covered by a workplace plan and is married to someone who is covered, the deduction is phased out if the couple’s income is between $181,000 and $191,000, up from $178,000 and $188,000. For a married individual filing a separate return who is covered by a workplace retirement plan, the phase-out range is not subject to an annual cost-of-living adjustment and remains $0 to $10,000.

• The AGI phase-out range for taxpayers making contributions to a Roth IRA is $181,000 to $191,000 for married couples filing jointly, up from $178,000 to $188,000 in 2013. For singles and heads of household, the income phase-out range is $114,000 to $129,000, up from $112,000 to $127,000. For a married individual filing a separate return, the phaseout range is not subject to an annual cost-of-living adjustment and remains $0 to $10,000. • The AGI limit for the saver’s credit (retirement savings contribution credit) for low- and moderate-income workers is $60,000 for married couples filing jointly, up from $59,000 in 2013; $45,000 for heads of household, up from $44,250; and $30,000 for married individuals filing separately and for singles, up from $29,500.


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6 | Seniors 2013

No more falling through the cracks Local programs helps those with life-limiting conditions By GREG MOBERLY TODAY’S NEWS-HERALD

Those in Lake Havasu City struggling with serious lifelimiting conditions that don’t fit the requirements to be served through a hospice program have more alternatives for help than they might be aware of. For about a year, both Beacon of Hope Hospice, 500 N. Lake Havasu Ave. Suite B106, and Hospice of Havasu, 365 S. Lake Havasu Ave. separately have provided their own pre-hospice programs. Generally, those that can be helped with such programs include people suffering from chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), heart failure, cardiac disease and dementia, said Stephanie Anderson, hospice care consultant with Beacon of Hope. Both Beacon of Hope’s Connections program and

Hospice of Havasu’s Transitions have their coordinators meet with a potential client and the client’s family to determine where their needs fit into the services that are offered. It’s an important service for people in need that Beacon of Hope previously wasn’t able to provide, Anderson said. Previously, all that could be told to those who didn’t qualify for hospice services was: “I’m sorry, we can’t help you at this time,” Anderson said. “(The pre-hospice services) concept and program is rapidly growing,” Anderson said. But she declined to specify how many the program currently was serving. The respective programs offered locally are free of charge with National Hospice Partnership Foundation, a nonprofit affiliate, funding

Hospice of Havasu volunteer Vicki Fielder, in the foreground, and Beth Biehn, Transitions coordinator, are seen here going over details related to the pre-hospice program last week. those in the Connections program. The Transitions program’s more than 100 clients don’t pay anything and the organization pays for the services out of regular business operations, said Tom Miller, Hospice of Havasu community outreach manager. Specifically, those served by the pre-hospice program can receive help with finances, from chaplain services, social workers and associated volunteers. But it doesn’t include clinical care that would be part of a hospice program, Anderson said. Clients continue to see the doctors they had prior to joining the pre-hospice program. A team of Beacon of Hope

volunteers also can help with social services and line up transportation for clients. Similarly, the Transitions program at Hospice of Havasu offers nonmedical help such as completing advance directives, guidance in discussing health concerns and feelings related to their life-limiting illness. It could include help with tasks as basic as taking garbage cans out to the curb, Miller said. But the pre-hospice help provided is different based on individual needs, he added. “(Assistance through the Transitions program) helps soften the condition a bit,” Miller said. “It’s a comforting middle ground (of help.)”

Crabby tabby soon will get used to canned food NEWSDAY

in her food as you described for the dog?

Question: You advised a reader with an overweight dog to mix canned pumpkin in the dog's food. My cat eats canned food twice a day, and we leave dry food down for her during the day. She is very fat. Can I mix the pumpkin

Answer: You could, actually, but there is no need to. Just take up the dry food and give her as much canned food as she wants twice a day, and she will lose weight easily. It is the texture of the dry food that cats like so much, and they


tend to eat more of it than they need. When you first take the dry food away, she probably will go through withdrawal and cry all the time. But in a few days, she will get over it.

Seniors 2013 | 7

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8 | Seniors 2013

Are you a nice-aholic? Don’t let your good nature work against you, either CHICAGO TRIBUNE

You could always count on Kathy Church. When friends called to vent, she would pick up the phone. When there was a crisis at work, she’d dig in. When family members got together, she’d show up no matter how much she didn’t want to. Church was always game and always nice. But as she veered into chronic peoplepleasing, it ate away at the good will she was trying so hard to cultivate. Unwilling to say no to any request, Church grew stressed, unable to sleep, and resentful of the people who were taking her time and of herself for letting it be taken. Overworked, she quit her job to start her own company, but even then found herself taking on projects she didn’t want because she was so worried about offending someone or being disliked. “It was a self-esteem issue all the way around,” said Church, now a recovering nice-aholic, who owns a virtual administrative consulting company in Phoenix. “I didn’t regard myself as important as the people I (considered) important.” Though being nice is overwhelmingly a positive trait that research has shown to be beneficial to individuals and society, a dark side can underlie its cheery surface. People eager for approval can overextend themselves to exhaustion, their compulsive “yes”-ing driven by any number of fears: of being tossed out of the group, of confrontation, of missing out on an opportunity that may not come again, of being perceived as lazy or selfish or uncaring, said Susan Newman, a social psycholo-

gist and author of “The Book of No: 250 Ways to Say It and Mean It and Stop People Pleasing Forever” (McGrawHill). “We live under this misconception that saying yes, being available, always at the ready for other people, makes us a better person, but in fact it does quite the opposite,” Newman said. “You get stressed and anxious; you’re viewed as a patsy.” Niceness, of course, isn’t always driven by insecurity. But even when it comes from a natural inclination to be agreeable, or years of being peacemaker, without boundaries it can backfire. The trusting, optimistic natures of nice people can make them vulnerable to manipulation by their more self-serving peers, said Ronald Riggio, a social psychologist and self-described “terminally nice guy.” He recalls being swindled during salary negotiations for an academic position because he trusted his new employer to keep his best interests in mind. “Nice people have to develop strategies to stand up for themselves,” said Riggio, Henry R. Kravis professor of leadership and organizational psychology at Claremont McKenna College in Claremont, Calif. “It’s about being assertive but not losing your niceness in the process.” Life coach Vickie Champion has witnessed intense fallout among clients who misinterpreted niceness as a subversion of their needs. Constantly trying to do things for others, her clients see their family lives suffer because they’re too busy to pay attention to their spouses, or their incomes stay low because they do everyone else’s work

and never ask for a raise. Most don’t know what their own dreams are because they’re so focused on helping other people realize theirs. It gets worse with age, Champion said, as these niceaholics collect more friends to please along the way. Underlying such compulsive niceness is the belief that otherwise the person won’t be loved, said Champion, who on her website ( lists 52 traits of a people-pleaser. She advises her clients to practice affirmations, such as: “Above all else, I want to be happy.” Church, who was a client of Champion’s, said it was painful to free herself from her cycle of niceness. But as her boundaries grew, so did her personal and professional success. She let go of the friends whose negativity dragged her down. She politely declined projects that didn’t interest her. The first step “was realizing I was in control of my life,” Church said. “And if I didn’t act as such, then other people would take control of it for me.”

NICE, BUT NO DOORMAT The traits that make nice people so pleasant — they give people the benefit of the doubt, they care about making others happy - can put them at a disadvantage if they don’t have boundaries. Here are a few strategies for being assertive while remaining nice: Judge people’s actions rather than their stated intentions, said clinical psychologist George Simon. If you’re not sure whether to trust someone, look for evidence in past behavior.

Act quickly to confront bad behavior, Simon said. Nice people tend to let things slide because they don’t want to seem too harsh, but as the saying goes, give people an inch, and they’ll take a mile. Don’t accept excuses for hurtful behavior. Blaming other people or circumstances suggests someone has no intention of changing. If you don’t see an immediate, clear change or at least genuine empathy for your concern, there won’t be any. Follow the three-strikes rule. Social psychologist and perennially nice guy Ronald Riggio gives people three chances to mend their behavior before walking away from the relationship permanently. Choose your battles. Nice people often feel bad after an interpersonal conflict, so know when it’s best to just walk away, Riggio said. Remember that when you say no, the fallout is never as bad as you think it will be, said social psychologist Susan Newman. People won’t think you’re a bad person, and you’re saving time and emotional energy for the tasks and people you want to give them to.

Seniors 2013 | 9

Is 70 the new 65? With Social Security, it may be CHICAGO TRIBUNE

Have you heard that 70 is the new 65? If not, you will. Momentum is growing to get people to think that way before retiring. The notion is being trumpeted in the nation’s capital as a way to ease pressure on Social Security, and it is circulating among financial planners. The idea is to get people to work longer and delay retirement so they end up with more money for monthly retirement living expenses. With the notion strong in public policy circles, the Center for Retirement Research at Boston College recently analyzed the implications. Its initial conclusion is that people need to start thinking of 70 as the new retirement age. If 70 becomes the age when people can start collecting full Social Security benefits, those

who naively retire earlier could end up struggling with far less monthly income than they will need. “Cuts in benefits, by extending the full retirement age, will lead to very low benefits for early retirees,” said Alicia Munnell, director of the Center for Retirement Research. Of course, at this point the change is not imminent. There are multiple proposals in Washington for dealing with the time when Social Security is no longer able to pay people what they are expecting. And the political pressure to

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insulate the system from change is tremendous. But people need to be thinking ahead so that if they plan to retire earlier than 70, they will have enough savings to fill in where Social Security leaves off. Even now, financial planners are urging people to work to 70, so they end up with more spending money than if they retire at the full retirement age of 66, or even earlier at 62. At 62, people can get small Social Security benefits, but each year they wait increases their monthly check about 8 percent. According

to Munnell’s research, retiring at 62, rather than 70, cuts the monthly benefit almost in half. A person who would receive a monthly Social Security check of $1,000 upon retiring at 70 would get $568 at 62. That’s been a huge selling point for waiting to retire. In addition, financial planners have emphasized that while investments in 401(k) plans and IRAs can lose money during a bad period in the stock or bond markets, Social Security remains a sure thing — a benefit that consequently must be embraced fully. Not only does it provide a guaranteed payment each month for as long as you live, but it also increases as inflation occurs. So, if you retire now and figure you can live on $3,000 a month, inflation of 3 percent a year will mean you will need about $6,300 for the same lifestyle 25 years from now.

10 | Seniors 2013

Daily walk cuts dementia risk, studies show ORLANDO SENTINEL

ORLANDO, Fla. — Everyone knows walking is good exercise, but it has another benefit: a daily 20minute walk can also cut the risk of dementia by 40 percent, studies show. Taking those findings a step further, neurologists at Jacksonville, Fla.’s Mayo Clinic are studying whether getting patients immobilized by disease to walk can also help stave off mental decline. Dr. Jay Van Gerpen, a neurologist who specializes in gait, is recruiting Parkinson’s patients for a study to help them stay on their feet and retain brain health.

Orlando Sentinel photos

Wayne Puckett demonstrates his laser guided walker.

“Walking is a window to the brain,” said Van Gerpen. Regular walking not only helps preserve brain function in healthy people, but also protects against further damage caused by dementia, Alzheimer’s and diseases like Parkinson’s, a degenerative disease that causes tremors, motor impairment and cognitive decline. When someone’s gait changes — steps get shorter or pace slows — that frequently indicates the brain is damaged. Thus, walking problems are common in those with dementia and Parkinson’s, because these conditions cause brain cells to die. Walking not only slows that progression, but helps brain cells recover by forming new connections, Van Gerpen said. Van Gerpen invented a laser device several years ago that helps Parkinson’s patients walk better. The device attaches to walkers or canes and shoots a red laser beam in front of the person walking. Visual cues can help Parkinson’s patients walk without freezing. When patients focus on stepping over the line, they access the visual part of the brain, which bypasses the motor output area that isn’t working, Van Gerpen said. The device was a gamechanger for Wayne Puckett of Clermont, Calif. Four years ago, the 48-year-old started having tremors, followed by difficulty walking and memo-

Wayne Puckett, 48, of Clermont, Fla., has a form of Parkinson’s disease, which causes him to have great difficulty walking. But a simple red laser attached to his walker helps him walk without hesitation, and keeps him up and moving. ry problems. the laser helps patients walk Puckett said gait freezing every day, over months and was the biggest issue. “I years. would just come to a halt, “Getting these patients especially at doorways,” he walking is extremely helpful said. The former postal work- because it helps the brain’s er used to be able to memorize blood flow and reduces mentwo zip codes worth of street tal and muscle decline,” said addresses, but that ability was Dr. Nizam Razack, a neurogone. surgeon at Florida Hospital In March 2010, he went to Celebration Health who perthe Mayo Clinic in forms brain surgery on Jacksonville, where Dr. Van Parkinson’s patients to help Gerpen diagnosed him with a improve their motor impairform of Parkinson’s and gave ment. him a Mobilaser that attaches But beyond helping those to his walker. with Parkinson’s, a daily walk The first time Puckett used has broader implications for the Mobilaser, which is now Americans who are developdistributed worldwide and ing dementia at an epidemic costs $400, he couldn’t rate, said Van Gerpen. believe the difference. “I was Dementia is on the rise not almost walking like normal. I just because Americans are was in sheer amazement. It living longer, but because still amazes me.” they have so much vascular It helped in other ways, disease. too. “Dementia is related to “When I wasn’t able to obesity, high blood pressure move as much, I noticed my and diabetes,” he said. All brain was much worse,” these conditions impair blood Puckett said. “With the laser I flow to the brain. can move, get around, and am “When blood flow in a definitely able to concentrate large vessel to the brain gets better.” blocked, a person has a In a 2012 study, Van stroke,” said Van Gerpen. Gerpen’s team studied a small “When small vessels get group of Parkinson’s patients blocked, brain tissue also dies. who had difficulty walking. You just don’t notice it at that By using the laser, they cut in moment.” half both the time it took them Walking reduces the risk of to walk a course, and the num- small vessel damage. That ber of times they came to a will delay the onset of demenhalt, said Van Gerpen. His tia and help protect what funcnew study aims to prove that tion is left.

Seniors 2013 | 11

Hunting for WWII MIAs in ‘Vanished’ By JOHN WILWOL NEWSDAY


he official story was that the war in the Pacific claimed Jimmie Doyle on Sept. 1, 1944, when Japanese antiaircraft fire brought down his B-24 Liberator during a bombing mission over the tiny Palau archipelago. Neither the plane nor a single member of the 11-man crew was ever found. But there was always a second, darker story, and it haunted Jimmie’s son, Tommy, for most of his life. Tommy’s uncles believed Jimmie had survived and started a new family in California. It seemed dubious, but who could say for sure? After all, letters arrived at the house from time to time to say the military was still looking. And why hadn’t his mom ever remarried, despite two good proposals? Maybe Jimmie was, in fact, still out there. Wil S. Hylton’s superb new book, “Vanished: The Sixty-Year Search for the Missing Men of World War II,” explores this mystery. Part Pacific Theater history, part Indiana Jones thriller, “Vanished” pays tribute to the men who were lost in a largely forgotten campaign, and it celebrates the determination of the divers and scientists who risk their lives in exotic places to bring the missing home. Hylton’s narrative charges, and his writing is lean and vivid, especially when it depicts battle. Here, the Japanese scramble U.S. bombers: “As the first squadron approached, a swarm of Japanese Zeros leaped from the airfields toward them, zipping

around the Fifth bombers and dancing in the air above them, swooping down like knives to slice through them, rattling them with machine-gun fire, and then looping overhead again to drop phosphorous bombs that exploded into tentacles of white-hot liquid dripping down the clouds.” The book points out that the “number of men who disappeared in the war against Japan” is “nearly the same as the total number of combat deaths in Vietnam.” It exposes the exceptional grief of M.I.A. families, debunking the myth that the “men and women of the ‘greatest generation’ were imbued with a special storehouse of stoicism.” But what’s most refreshing about “Vanished” is its clear-eyed, affectionate portrait of the servicemen. In one anecdote, a reckless, gifted young pilot swoops low along some railroad tracks during a night training flight to play chicken with an oncoming engine. “It was easy to imagine the airmen as gallant young heroes, but of course they weren’t,” Hylton writes. “They were all sorts of men, as prickly and troubled, crude and foolish as anyone else.” Early in the book, Tommy’s wife, Nancy, has second thoughts about her own search for Jimmie Doyle. “Maybe it was better to live with the scar,” Hylton writes, “than to reopen the wound.” “Vanished” reminds us that, sometimes, scars heal. “Vanished: The SixtyYear Search for the Missing Men of World War II” by Wil S. Hylton; Riverhead ($27.95)

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12 | Seniors 2013

Remembering Nora Ephron in two new collections By MARION WINIK NEWSDAY

In her poignant 2010 essay “What I Will Miss,” which appears on the last page of a new omnibus, “The Most of Nora Ephron,” the author listed 31 items — bacon, Paris and “the concept of waffles,” among them. There’s one thing she left out, I would venture to guess: writing. Though it was kept secret from all but her immediate circle, Ephron knew she was terminally ill with leukemia for six years before her death in 2012. If anything, this increased her productivity. According to her sister Delia (who also has a new book), the sisters worked on a TV pilot in Nora’s hospital room, and even took a phone meeting with producer Scott Rudin. One project Nora started but didn’t get to complete was

the selection of pieces for this career-spanning collection. Her lifelong editor Robert Gottlieb finished it, commenting in his introduction, “No other editorial job I’ve ever performed has been so much fun.” It could hardly be otherwise. Mostly, “The Most of Nora Ephron” is a pleasure. Her best-loved magazine pieces and essays are arranged not chronologically but in thematic groups: The Journalist, The Advocate, The Foodie, The Blogger and so forth, sometimes skipping 30 years or more from one piece to the next. Sandwiched between these sections are the novel “Heartburn,” the screenplay of “When Harry Met Sally...” and the script of “Lucky Guy.” A few of the feminist and political essays feel dated, and the blogs should have been left out entirely. But the pro-

files of Dorothy Parker and Lillian Hellman, the Wellesley commencement address, the hilarious “Lisbeth Salander: The Girl Who Fixed the Umlaut” — these are solid gold. The essay she wrote to accompany the script for “When Harry Met Sally...” is a fascinating account of the collaborative, evolutionary process of screenwriting. (It includes the revelation that what is probably her most famous line - “I’ll have what she’s having” — was contributed by Billy Crystal.) Nora Ephron was famous for her ruthless honesty, but she didn’t leave the house without her makeup. She was candid without being vulnerable, a point that is beautifully made in the lead essay of Delia’s new collection, “Sister Mother Husband Dog” (Blue Rider Press, $25.95). Far more emotionally open and less polished a writer than her sister, Delia struggles to

assimilate the loss of someone with whom she shared half a brain, as Nora once put it, who remained so much the big sister at all times that it was Nora who sent Delia flowers during her last weeks in the hospital. “Our words and thoughts are muddied together in life and in the movies we collaborated on,” writes Delia, who leaned over to her husband twice during the funeral service to note that the Ephronism being quoted was hers. “I have been wondering whether Nora’s refusal to reveal her illness, her decision to keep it a secret, is something people will aspire to the way they followed her advice about egg white omelets,” she writes, in a passage where she wrestles with this decision. “To those people I want to say that she wasn’t always right. Five years ago, she told me to sell my Apple stock.” That’s an Ephronism for sure.

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Seniors 2013 | 13

Zapruder film: Images as history, pre-smartphone By Allen G. Breed ASSOCIATED PRESS

If anything of consequence occurs in this era of smartphones and multi-G wireless networks, a horde of “citizen journalists” will doubtless be on hand to capture and broadcast the sights and sounds. But of hundreds of witnesses in Dallas’s Dealey Plaza on Nov. 22, 1963, only a handful managed to record the biggest news story of a generation: the assassination of President John F. Kennedy. And of the documents they produced, only one stands out: the Zapruder film. It’s not much: About 6 feet of narrow, cellulose material, containing fewer than 500 grainy images and running just 26 seconds long. And yet the home movie that clothier Abraham Zapruder shot with his Bell & Howell camera may be the single most important piece of evidence in perhaps the most argued-about crime in the nation’s history. Zapruder was in a unique position to capture the events that day a half-century ago. Standing on a 4-foot-high concrete pedestal, his receptionist bracing him from behind, the 58-year-old Russian immigrant followed the progress of JFK’s Lincoln limousine as it rolled toward him down Elm Street. He thought the popping noises he heard were part of some joke, he later told the Warren Commission, and “then I saw his head opened up.” “I started yelling, ‘They killed him, they killed him,’” he testified before the investigative panel in July 1964. “I was still shooting the pictures until he got under the underpass — I don’t even know how I did it.” Tests showed that the camera — loaded with Double 8millimeter Kodachrome II color film — recorded at an

This image made available by the National Archives shows a 1963-1964 photograph of the movie camera used by Abraham Zapruder when he filmed the moment of the assassination of U.S. President John F. Kennedy on Nov. 22, 1963. Standing on a 4-foot-high concrete pedestal, his receptionist bracing him from behind, the 58-year-old Russian immigrant followed the progress of JFK’s blue Lincoln limousine as it rolled toward him down Elm Street. average speed of 18.3 frames gut-punched.” per second. Depending on Competitors avidly sought how much film leader and the film, too. But in the end, unexposed black footage are Stolley won out, getting Life counted, there are either 486 the print rights for $50,000. or 487 frames with assassina- The magazine paid Zapruder tion-related images. another $100,000 the followAlthough there was no ing week for the remaining sound, the Zapruder film copyrights. allowed investigators and Aside from some still researchers to establish the images, it would be years interval between gunshots. before the general public saw Zapruder had the film what Zapruder’s camera had developed and three copies captured. made ó two of which he gave (Life even withheld frame to the Secret Service and FBI. 313 “out of deference to the Richard Stolley, then grieving Kennedy family,” Pacific bureau editor for Life Stolley has explained.) Magazine, had flown in from In 1969, about a year Los Angeles and reached before his death, Zapruder tesZapruder by phone around 11 tified as to the film’s authenp.m. ticity during the New Orleans The next morning, he was trial of Clay Shaw, the only in Zapruder’s office at person ever prosecuted for the Jennifer Juniors, Inc., watch- assassination. District ing the film with two Secret Attorney Jim Garrison played Service agents. the film for the jury 10 times ó “I have to say, seeing that a scene that formed the drafilm and seeing the head shot matic crescendo of Oliver — the infamous frame 313 ó Stone’s 1991 film, “JFK.” was the most dramatic Most Americans did not moment of my career,” see the Zapruder film in Stolley recalled in a recent motion until March 1975, interview. “We all reacted as when ABC News aired a copy if we had been simultaneously during Geraldo Rivera’s

weekly “Good Night America” show. The outcry helped spur formation of the House Select Committee on Assassinations, which would famously conclude that the murder was most likely the result of a conspiracy involving multiple shooters. In April 1975, Time, Inc. transferred the original camera print and copyrights back to the Zapruder family. The National Archives and Records Administration agreed to store the film “as a courtesy.” In 1999, the government agreed to pay Zapruder’s family more than $16 million for the film. The Sixth Floor Museum in Dallas owns the copyright. The original is now housed at the archives’ facility in College Park, Md., in a coldstorage vault, where conditions are kept at a constant 25 degrees Fahrenheit and 30 percent relative humidity. On Oct. 22, a technician removed the film from its protective can for its first inspection in 11 years. “The reel is in excellent condition, has retained the vivid color typical of Kodachrome, and does not exhibit signs of physical deterioration,” NARA spokeswoman Miriam Kleiman wrote in an email to The Associated Press. On Oct. 15, Life released a new book, “The Day Kennedy Died.” In its pages for the first time, each of the frames is shown, in order. In so many ways, the Zapruder film is a relic, says the 84-year-old Stolley, who shared his recollections in the book. If he were dispatched to Dallas today, he says, “I’d be a little nonplused about who do you negotiate with.” “I mean, in effect,” he says, “there would be NO Zapruder film today.”

14 | Seniors 2013

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Walk this way Men slow down when sex is at stake LOS ANGELES TIMES

The way we walk is not just the way we walk. The strolling pace of men and women may give away some clues about our romantic partnerships and friendships, according to a study published Wednesday in the online journal PLOS One. Men slow their pace for female romantic partners, more so than for women they don’t know. And when they walk with other men, dudes are practically racing, according to the study. Women, on the other hand, hardly varied their pace for their beau or guy friend, but when walking with each other, they slowed down appreciably. Reproductive success may underlie the difference — women who can conserve energy, and the men who help them do so, will have greater chances of producing and caring for offspring, according to anthropologist Cara M. Wall-Scheffler of the University of Washington, Seattle, who led the study. “By men slowing down, the female reproduction is protected, and that’s not something that is trivial,” Wall-Scheffler said. “There is so much data that when women are able to reduce the amount of energy they spend walking, they have more children.” Studies have shown that daily walking distances can influence the interval between births and the survival rates of offspring in foraging societies. Men generally tend to have a higher optimal speed than women due to differences in size and mass. A woman trying to keep up with a man would be burning calories that could prove costly in a challenging environment, such as the African bush or Australian outback. “In indigenous, hunter-gatherer populations — groups who are walking huge amounts - we see females walking together with other females and we see men tending to walk by themselves or maybe with one other individual,” Wall-Scheffler said. “That’s typical, cross-culturally.” Apparently, the same appears true of American college students, 22 of whom walked around a track at a public park for Wall-Scheffler and her fellow researcher, Janelle Wagnild, a biologist at Seattle Pacific University. The men and women — among them romantic partners, friends and strangers — walked in various combinations of two and by themselves, while researchers measured their speeds. Results confirmed that men made more accommodations for their romantic partners than for anyone else but also showed that females would increase their pace for male friends. And they all appeared to do so unconsciously, Wall-Scheffler said. So, if U.S. college students aren’t under the same strains as hunter-gatherers, why would they behave this way? Could this behavior be a remnant of some evolutionary selection? “I definitely think there is an evolutionary outcome,” WallScheffler said. “Whether or not selection has acted on this behavior so that we still see it among men today — I don’t know if I could go that far.”

Seniors 2013 | 15


It would not be classic British understatement to say that Prince Charles and I have a lot in common. For one thing, as my wife, Sue, would attest, we both spend an inordinate amount of time on the throne. For another, Charles and I are first-time grandfathers. And now, it seems, we are pen pals. That is why I was not surprised recently to receive a reply to the missive I sent to Charles earlier this year to congratulate him on being a new grandpa. I said, in part, that our families have some amazing similarities, including the fact that his older son, William, and daughter-in-law, Kate, were married in England the day before my younger daughter, Lauren, and son-inlaw Guillaume were married in France in 2011. And that my granddaughter, Chloe, and his grandson, George, while not born on the same day, each arrived at exactly 4:24 p.m., which means they are likely destined for each other. I even envisioned a royal wedding. I closed by saying that Charles

will enjoy being a grandfather as much as I do and that we should set up a play date for the kids. Imagine my delight when I received an envelope by royal mail with a


address of Buckingham Palace. I opened it to find a postcard with a photo of Charles and his lovely wife Camilla. The caption read: “The Prince of Wales and The Duchess of Cornwall leaving St. Mary’s Hospital after meeting Prince George for the first time.” The message, in serif italic typeface, read: “The Prince of Wales was most touched that you took the trouble to write as you did on the birth of His Royal Highness’s first grandchild, Prince George. “His Royal Highness

appreciated your kind words and sends you his warmest thanks and best wishes.” Frankly, I was a little disappointed. Since Charles and I are so close, I expected a handwritten note, or at least a personalized response, like the letter I received after I wrote to William and Kate to congratulate them on their wedding. The reply was written by Mrs. C l a u d i a Holloway, head of correspondence for the royal family. She opened with “Dear Mr. Zezima,” and wrote, in part, “The Duke and Duchess of Cambridge have asked me to send you their warmest thanks together with their belated congratulations to Lauren and Guillaume.” She signed the letter with a distinctive flourish in royal blue ink. I was, to use Prince Charles’ words, most touched. Not this time. I was, to put it mildly, most peeved.

But then I realized that the Prince of Wales must be too busy being a grandfather to send out handwritten notes or personalized responses. If Charles is like me, he has been doing a lot of baby-sitting. This would entail holding his grandchild on his knee while watching sports (polo or cricket matches or maybe even soccer games) on TV. It would also entail the grand British tradition of doing your duty for God, country and, yes, baby. As I am sure Charles has found out, the changing of the guard takes on a whole new meaning when you’re a grandfather. Then there are projects such as the one I undertook the other night. I may be the least handy man in America (I don’t imagine Charles is Mr. Fixit across the pond), but I did manage to put together a highchair without incident or bloodshed. I would advise Charles to follow the instructions carefully and not use language that would be considered a departure from the King’s English. So, no, I am not miffed at the Prince of Wales. In fact, I understand his time constraints completely. Still, if he wants more advice on how to be a good grandfather, all he has to do is write me a letter.

Adopted shelter dog is terrified of thunder, and it’s getting worse By Marc Morrone NEWSDAY

Question. Five years ago I adopted a dog from a shelter. She was extremely timid and needed a quiet home. We have bonded well over the years and she has come out of her shell a lot. However, she is phobic of thunder and, if left alone, will destroy the house in an effort to escape. Her fear has been

expanding lately, and now she will go for a walk only if she has to relieve herself. What to do to change her behavior? Answer. In a mild case of thunderstorm phobia, you can desensitize a dog by playing over and over again a tape or DVD of a thunderstorm until your pet has heard it so much that it no longer bothers her at all. However, there is more to a thunderstorm then just noise.

The magnetic fields change and the atmospheric pressure adjusts and all sorts of other environmental factors happen that dogs can sense but we cannot. Dogs with severe phobias will go to pieces no matter how much thundering noise you play for them every day. One device that I have seen work very well is called a Thundershirt. It is sort of like a

jacket that wraps around the dog's torso very tightly. The pressure exerted on the dog's chest helps to keep it calm, similar to the way that a cattle crush or squeeze chute will calm a nervous cow. The pressure in the torso relaxes the animal. Dogs that are afraid to ride in cars will calm down in the same manner when they are "hugged" by the Thundershirt.

16 | Seniors 2013

Etiquette lessons from the slightly profane By Celia Rivenbark MCCLATCHY

I’m on a book tour this week pushing the new baby out of the nest and, hopefully, into your homes. In keeping with the spirit of shameless self-promotion, this week’s column will include a few nuggets from my seventh book, “Rude Bitches Make Me Tired” (Slightly Profane and Entirely Logical Answers to Modern Etiquette Dilemmas). You can probably guess this isn’t your grandma’s etiquette book because it’s doubtful Granny ever had to deal with wiping somebody else’s butt sweat off the gym equipment or tell someone to answering texts at the dinner table unless they’re waiting on a new liver. Here are just a very few highlights from a book that should definitely be in your elegantly appointed library.

Or the back of the potty. Your choice. DINING ETIQUETTE: The waiter is there to do a job, not to hear about your “gastric bypass,” “lactose intolerance,” “gastroesophageal reflux” “homoerotica fantasies” and the like. He doesn’t need to hear that if he gives you caffeinated coffee your heart will fly out of your chest and sit on the table, thumping away, while all you and your lunch companions can do is watch until it finally, mercifully, stops. FUNERAL ETIQUETTE: Never, ever take a storebought cake to the bereaved family. I don’t want to hear that you know an “amazing bakery, really the best!” or that “everybody does it.” Y’all are going straight to hell for thinking like that. This is a funeral not some godless Unitarian Universalist

potluck. AIRPLANE ETIQUETTE: Move briskly to your seat. Don’t stand there looking at the numbers and letters as though you honestly don’t know what they mean. You’re a forensic accountant, for God’s sake. Don’t act like you inhaled stupid dust and suddenly can’t decipher these mysterious hieroglyphics overhead. Your seat is 15A. Find it and sit the (bleep) down ... PREGNANT LADY ETIQUETTE: Some people hate having strangers touch their pregnant bodies but I was so happy to be pregnant at age 40 I would grab total strangers’ hands and move ‘em across my stomach like it was a damn Ouija board. Sometimes they screamed or tried to spell out HELP ME but I let ‘em go eventually. Remember: The second that baby bolts out of

your “down there” you are, trust me, No Longer Special. People feel oddly connected to something greater than themselves when they touch a pregnant woman’s tummy. Get over yourself. FACEBOOK ETIQUETTE: Don’t brag. We know you’re over the moon that your upto-now simpleton of a son hasn’t made higher than a D plus on math and now he’s gone and gotten himself a B but we just don’t care. Every time you want to bang out a status update that “Donnie Jr. had the highest grade on the spelling test!” know that your friends think that’s kinda douchey. Even Donnie Jr. thinks so. And he’s fairly certain I misspelled douchey. There’s more, lots and lots more and some of it is, I swear, actually useful. Check it out. I mean, buy it. Thank you kindly.


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Seniors 2013 | 17

Mary Randolph: Cookbook star of 19th century By BILL DALEY CHICAGO TRIBUNE

Mary Randolph was an American aristocrat, a descendant of Pocahontas, who despite links by blood and marriage to the first families of Virginia fell on hard times, opened a boarding house in Richmond, and later wrote a cookbook called “The Virginia House-Wife.” Published in 1824, it was one of the earliest cookbooks written by an American for an American audience. It was popular from the start, enjoying multiple editions through the first half of the 19th century. “Her influence was enormous,” says Nathalie Dupree, a Charleston, S.C.-based author and Southern food authority. Dupree wrote the introduction to a recently published facsimile of the 1828 edition by The American Antiquarian Cookbook Collection (Andrews McMeel, $24.99): “She was the first one to bring cachet to the Southern household. She was able to infuse everything with a kind of elegance.” Born in 1762 at her grandfather’s plantation in Chesterfield County, Va., Mary Randolph counted among her cousins Thomas Jefferson; Mary Lee Fitzhugh, the wife of George Washington Parke Custis who was the stepgrandson of George Washington; and David Meade Randolph, whom she married. David Randolph was appointed federal marshal for Virginia by President Washington, and the couple moved into a grand new house in Richmond called “Moldavia” — a combination of the names David and “Molly,” Mary’s nickname. Life for the couple changed abruptly when Jefferson became president and booted

David Randolph, a prominent Federalist, from his post. That, coupled with business failures, brought the family close to ruin. Mary Randolph went into action, opening a boarding house around 1808. About 10 years later, the Randolphs moved to Washington, where she wrote her cookbook. Given this history, it’s probably not surprising that being a good manager mattered to M a r y Randolph. The title page of her cookbook bears this motto: “Method is the soul of Management.” Later, in her preface, she writes that “the government of a family bears a Liliputian (sic) resemblance to the government of a nation” and that, basically, one shouldn’t spend more than you take in. Practicality and common sense courses through the book, which is clearly directed at beginners. Karen Hess, the late food historian, thought quite highly of Randolph and “The Virginia House-Wife” (variously “House-Wife” or “Housewife” or “House wife,” without a hyphen, in later editions), which she called the most influential American cookbook of the 19th century. “Perhaps the most remarkable aspect of her cookery is its eclecticism, which flowed from the fascinating interplay of strikingly different influences that manifested themselves from the very beginning,” Hess wrote in an introduction to a 1984 reprint of

the book. “A certain eclecticism has continued to mark American cookery, but never again with such eclat.” Randolph’s eclecticism can be seen in such dishes as gazpacho, macaroni and cheese, and an East Indian curry. Hess notes the recipes call for 40 vegetables and 17 aromatic herbs. Randolph died in 1828 while working on a third edition of “The Virginia H o u s e Wife.” She was buried on the hill below Arlington House, the grand Virginia mansion built by G e o r g e Wa s h i n g t o n P a r k e Custis o v e r looking t h e Potomac River and the city of Washington. The estate would later pass to Randolph’s goddaughter, Mary Anna Custis, and her husband, Robert E. Lee. Hers is the earliest known grave on the property, which was turned into Arlington National Cemetery during the Civil War. The marker at Randolph’s grave focuses on her role as a mother. “The Virginia HouseWife” is not mentioned. Yet it is her cookbook that brought her lasting fame and continued relevance. As Dupree wrote in her introduction to the cookbook, “For those of us who love reading recipes, captivated by the mental image and anticipation of flavor, Mary Randolph brings us dishes and ideas that are as beckoning today as they were in 1824.”

ABOUT THE RECIPES These recipes are printed as they were published in “The Virginia House-Wife,” in a time when recipes usually were written with few exact measurements. GASPACHO-SPANISH Put some soft biscuit or toasted bread in the bottom of a sallad bowl, put in a layer of sliced tomatas with the skins taken off, and one of sliced cucumbers, sprinkle with pepper, salt and chopped onion; do this until the bowl is full; stew some tomatas quite soft, strain the juice, mix in some mustard, oil and water, and pour over it; make it 2 hours before it is eaten. TO MAKE POLENTA Put a large spoonful of butter in a quart of water, wet your corn meal with cold water in a bowl, add some salt, and make it quite smooth, then put it in the buttered water when it is hot, let it boil, stirring it continually ‘till done; as soon as you can handle it, make it into a ball and let it stand ‘till quite cold — then cut it in thin slices, lay them in the bottom of a deep dish so as to cover it, put on it slices of cheese, and on that a few bits of butter, then mush, cheese and butter, until the dish is full; put on the top thin slices of cheese and butter, put the dish in a quick oven; twenty or thirty minutes will bake it. Kitchen note: We used 4 cups hot water and 3 tablespoons butter; then stirred 2 cups polenta and 1 teaspoon salt into 2 cups cold water, before adding it to the hot water as described above. For layering the polenta in the baking dish, we used 2 tablespoons butter and 4 ounces grated white cheddar. We baked the casserole at 375 degrees.

18 | Seniors 2013

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Many of us are towing trailers more frequently. There are some things to keep in mind before tugging that load down the highway. First — and this may sound obvious — compare your vehicle’s towing capacity against the weight of the items you’re towing. Next, make sure you have the proper towing hitch. Hitches vary by the vehicle doing the towing as well as the class of trailer being towed and its gross weight. Also, you’ll want to figure out the trailer’s tongue weight, which is the downward force that it exerts on the hitch. Typically, it’s 10 to 15 percent of the gross trailer weight. If you already have a hitch and trailer, and you know they’re appropriate for the task at hand, you’ll want to check your tow vehicle. Make sure that your car or truck’s cooling system is in good shape. Temperatures easily reach the 80s or 90s, and if your cooling system was marginal last year, you should have your radiator checked or upgraded. Also, make sure your air filters are clean. Dirty air filters hinder performance. The same goes for fuel filters. Next, check those brakes. The added weight and momentum of a trailer can tax braking systems. Again, if performance was marginal last year, consider having your brakes upgraded to a larger size. Also, you’ll want to make sure that the brakes and brake lights on your vehicle activate at the same time as those on your trailer. Make sure that all lights and turn signals are working. Of course, the brakes won’t be effective if your tires are worn. So be sure to check those tires. You want to make sure you have the grip needed to stop, start and steer. Some manufacturers recommend higher air pressure in the tires when towing, so be sure to check your owner’s manual to be sure. When loading your trailer, distribute the load evenly, both front to back and side to side. If you have an especially heavy item, however, place it towards the front of the trailer. Improperly weighted cargo can cause the trailer to sway or flip. Once under way, plan on stopping after a short distance to make sure your load is still secure. It’s a good idea to stop and check your load periodically to make sure nothing has become loose. If you’ve never driven a trailer, you may want to practice driving it before you load it. See the space needed to take a corner; practice backing up and parking. You might want to consider getting an aftermarket wireless backup camera system. Finally, keep in mind that driving with a trailer means that accelerating, steering and stopping take longer and require more space. Drive slowly and smoothly. Remember, you’re trying to stay in this for the long haul.

Seniors 2013 | 19

Top 5 must-see chandeliers MCCLATCHY

Most great rooms are described by their size, grandeur, and light, whether it comes from natural sources like windows or man-made influences like fixtures. Throughout history, chandeliers have been used to add formality and opulence to palaces, museums, and foyers around the world. With this in mind, the members and editors of travel website present our picks for the world’s “Top 5 Must-See Chandeliers.” 1. The Victoria & Albert Museum in London, England Internationally celebrated sculptor Dale Chihuly is widely known for his remarkably intricate glass sculptures. While his most recognized works hang in the hall of the Bellagio casino in Las Vegas and Chihuly Garden and Glass in Seattle, one of his lesser known masterpieces is the Rotunda chandelier at the entrance to the Victoria & Albert Museum in London, England. The V & A, as it is affectionately known, serves as host to the 30 foot blue and green glass-blown chandelier, completed in 2001. 2. Versailles — Hall of

Mirrors No list of chandeliers would be complete without the obvious, but no less magnificent, choice of the chandeliers in the Hall of Mirrors at the Palace of Versailles. This highlight of the palace boasts 357 mirrors, 17 glass doors, marble walls and ceiling paintings, but its chandeliers are the most captivating. Seventeen large chandeliers and 26 smaller ones, each made of solid silver, in total held about 1,000 candles. Today, the chandeliers use electric lights, but it’s easy to see how chandeliers were and still remain a powerful symbol of elegance and luxury. 3. The Chandelier at the Cosmopolitan Hotel, Las Vegas, Nevada Few cities are known for their over-the-top opulence like Las Vegas, and such decadence demands a lot of sparkle. While there are a number of traditional preferences, our favorite pick is The Chandelier, a bar and nightlife concept at the Cosmopolitan Hotel. The Chandelier is just that — an enormous actual chandelier, positioned in the middle of the hotel with a different experience on each floor. The bottom of the Chandelier

A spider-shaped chandelier at Escher in the Palace. serves as a meeting spot and chandeliers encircling it were casino bar, the inside of the added. In the 1930s, the chandelier offers mixology mosque was transformed into cocktails, and the top of the a museum so anyone could chandelier provides a lounge come to visit this architecturarea for revelers to look down al masterpiece and admire through rows of crystals onto both Christian and Muslim the floor below. The location art. also serves as a great starting off point for seeing Vegas’ 5. Escher in the Palace, newest landmarks, as it is a The Hague, Netherlands part of the new CityCenter. Most visitors to Escher in Het Paleis (Escher in the 4. Hagia Sophia, Palace) make a trip to explore Istanbul, Turkey the work of M.C. Escher, the While casinos and palaces artist who played with optical are obvious places for chan- illusions and perspective in deliers, many places of reli- his fantastical artworks. In gious worship use chandeliers addition to displaying almost for light, decoration, and cer- all the works of the Dutch emonial significance. One artist, the palace also features interesting example is the exquisite chandeliers by Hagia Sophia in Istanbul, Rotterdam-based artist Hans Turkey. Built in 532-537 AD van Bentem. In keeping with as a Christian church, chande- the surreal and sensational liers were originally placed themes of Escher’s work, the throughout for candles and oil contemporary chandeliers lamps. In 1453, the church hang in shapes including a was converted to a mosque, shark, a spider, a sea horse, and in 1847, a central chande- and an upside-down open lier and various pendant umbrella.

Test your knowledge of geography CHICAGO TRIBUNE

The Beaufort Sea lies to the north of which continent? (Answer: North America. It's a section of the Arctic Ocean that lies off the coasts of Canada's Yukon and Northwest Territories and

Alaska's Barrow and Prudhoe Bay.) Ukraine, Romania and Bulgaria border what sea? (Answer: The Black Sea. This inland sea touches Europe and Asia. Other countries on the Black Sea are Turkey, Georgia and

Russia.) What is the world's largest island? (Answer: Greenland. Though some argue that Australia, at three times the land mass of Greenland's 822,000 square miles, is the largest island, most sources differentiate it as one of the

seven continents.) What is the official language of Andorra? (Answer: Catalan. The 181-square-mile country is part of the Catalonia region, which includes parts of the bordering countries of France and Spain.)

20 | Seniors 2013

Which fruit is nutritionally best? By ALEXIA ELEJALDE-RUIZ CHICAGO TRIBUNE

Let’s get this disclaimer out of the way first: Americans don’t eat nearly as much fruit as they should to maintain a healthy diet, so nutrition experts advise eating fruit, any whole fruit, as often as possible, at least two cups of it a day, striving for variety so that you get an array of important nutrients. And now to the question at hand: When faced with the triumvirate of fresh fruit most commonly found in bowls at cafeterias and elsewhere apples, oranges and bananas which should you choose? Which fruit is nutritionally superior when you must choose just one? It turns out comparing apples and oranges isn’t totally bananas. And the orange, by at least one measure, has an edge. “If you consider the concentration of a wide array of nutrients relative to calories, the orange is the most nutritious, followed by the apple, followed by bananas,” said Dr. David Katz, director of the Yale University Prevention Research Center and author or “Disease Proof: The Remarkable Truth About What Makes Us Well.” Oranges win based on the NuVal Nutritional Scoring System, a measure developed

by Katz and colleagues that considers more than 30 nutrients and nutrition factors, giving points for the good (protein, calcium, vitamins) and subtracting points for the bad (sugar, sodium, cholesterol). The quality of the macronutrients, such as glycemic load, is also a factor. NuVal rates foods from 1 to 100, with 100 being the most nutritious. Oranges have a perfect score of 100, earning more credit that apples (96) and bananas (91) due to high concentrations of vitamin C, fiber, calcium, folate, bioflavonoids and carotenoids. But any one of those fruits is highly nutritiously desirable. To compare, skinless chicken breast has a NuVal score of 39 and Cheetos come in at 4. Of course, some people dislike peeling oranges, and apples and bananas can be superior in particular circumstances, such as when you’re really hungry or have high blood pressure, said Andrea Giancoli, a Los Angelesbased registered dietitian and spokeswoman for the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics. It’s worth emphasizing, again, that variety is key. Katz and Giancoli described some of the virtues of the Big Three fruits to help guide your pick. Basic nutrition facts are from the USDA.

Personal Care, Housecleaning, Errands, Meals, etc.

OR ANGE Calories: 60 Fat: 0 Carbohydrates: 15 grams Dietary fiber: 3 g Sugar: 12 g Sodium: 0 mg Protein: 1 g One orange contains 120 percent of the recommended daily intake of Vitamin C. A good source of calcium, folates, thiamin, flavanones (antioxidants that help neutralize free radicals) and naringin (an anti-inflammatory that may help protect the immune system), Giancoli said. Biggest nutritional bang for the caloric buck, Katz said. Because they are lowest in calories, it isn’t the best choice when you are really hungry, Katz said.

APPLE Calories: 100 Fat: 0 Carbohydrates: 25 g Dietary fiber: 4 g Sugar: 19 g Sodium: 0 mg Protein: 0 g A good source of soluble fiber, which is helpful in controlling blood pressure, lipids, cholesterol and blood sugar, Katz said. Because it involves a lot of chewing, it can make you feel more satiated, Katz said.

Good for an upset stomach, Giancoli said. Loaded with phytochemicals, including antioxidant flavenoids like quercetin, which is good for heart health and could have anti-cancer properties, and proanthocyanidins, which may protect urinary tract and heart health, Giancoli said.

BANANA Calories: 105 Fat: 0.4 g Carbohydrates: 27 g Dietary fiber: 3 g Sugar: 14 g Sodium: 1 mg Protein: 1 g Contains 422 mg of potassium, which people often don’t get enough of (the recommended daily intake of potassium is 4,700 mg). Potassium helps blunt the effect of salt on blood pressure and may help reduce the risk of kidney stones and muscle loss, Giancoli said. Good source of vitamin B6, magnesium, iron, vitamin C and dietary fiber, Giancoli said. Helps you refuel before and after exercise because it provides the nutrients that tend to be taxed, Katz said. Supports muscle function. The highest-calorie choice of the three, but it will make you feel fuller longer, Giancoli said.

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Seniors 2013 | 21

A tangled estate of affairs for majestic Bellosguardo By SCOTT GOLD LOS ANGELES TIMES

LOS ANGELES — Perched on a rock, steps away from the gentle waves licking at the shore of Santa Barbara, 20year-old Michael Jimenez allowed his eyes to wander up an oceanfront cliff, to a majestic estate nestled in a grove of cypress and eucalyptus trees. He shuddered. For decades, legend has swirled around the manor known as Bellosguardo, where every blade of grass seemed to be in place, but no one ever seemed to be home. Among young people like Jimenez, who grew up here, there were whispers about an abandoned orphan, about spirits from the nearby cemetery. You’ve heard the ancient legend of the girl who was born with every privilege, but cursed with the face of a pig? “It’s got to be something like that,” Jimenez said. “Nobody’s going up there.” The truth, as is sometimes the case, might have been better than the myth. It was owned by a mysterious copper heiress — a shy woman who hadn’t been photographed for 80 years, who lived an almost monastic life, cloistered away from a curious public, residing in a New York hospital room for her last 22 years despite being in sturdy health for most of that time. She had not set foot in Bellosguardo since the 1950s, but financed a full staff to maintain it, to the tune of $40,000 a month. Now, two years after Huguette Clark’s death, Santa Barbara is poised to open the doors of Bellosguardo for the first time in decades. If it hap-

pens, an enchanted public will discover a still life of old California - with a 1933 Cadillac limousine parked in the garage - and a snapshot of a bygone era when the wealthy could effectively purchase a piece of the sea. “It’s like a time capsule — a bluff-top estate that amazes, a house that is a page out of the Gilded Age,” said Santa Barbara Mayor Helene Schneider. “Where else in California do you have this? You don’t.” A public Bellosguardo, dedicated to the arts according to the wishes of its late owner, could be transformational to Santa Barbara’s already lively cultural community, and regionally significant. One hurdle remains: The IRS. ••• It’s hard to envision, but Bellosguardo — where the “garage” was large enough to accommodate a ballroom — was a modest little place by the standards of the Clark family. The daughter of a mining mogul, Huguette Clark was born in the summer of 1906 in Paris and raised in a 121-room mansion on Fifth Avenue in New York City. Her father, William Andrews Clark, had been determined to build the most expensive home in America. The result was widely derided as tacky and unwieldy. It had 31 bathrooms, a life-size depiction of Neptune carved into a fireplace, and wood panels purportedly stripped from Sherwood Forest itself. When the mansion was torn down to make way for an apartment house, the New Republic sniffed: “Time has consecrated

Geoff Pryce walks past the massive beachfront estate owned by Huguette Clark, a reclusive heir, who chose to live in a New York hospital and had not visited the Santa Barbara estate for 50 years. She died last year at 103. its ugliness.” otherwise in good health, she Bellosguardo, by contrast, elected to stay, for good. was an undertaking of Huguette She spent 7,364 nights in the Clark’s mother, Anna. hospital, until her death at 104. Huguette and her mother ••• had been captivated by the Clark’s passing sparked a property after the family rented convoluted legal tussle involva home there one summer in the ing two wills, allegations that 1920s. The Clarks bought the she’d been victimized by estate, tore down the existing unscrupulous advisers and house and built their own - 23 financial claims from relatives, rooms of French-infused ele- including some she’d never gance on an immaculate 23 met. Last month, a judge in acres, perched on a bluff on the New York signed off on a seteastern tip of Santa Barbara. tlement of her estate, valued at Huguette Clark kept her pri- more than $300 million. mary residence in New York Roughly $34.5 million went but visited Bellosguardo regu- to a collective of 19 living relalarly until the 1950s. She was tives, said their Long Island bright and gifted, and excelled attorney, John Morken. at writing, art and photography. Millions more went to lawyers. The house was alive with There was also a thicket of music. According to “Empty estate and gift taxes to fight Mansions,” a new book about through, complicated by Huguette Clark, her homes and Clark’s “relentless generosity,” her fortune, a 1,000-square-foot Dedman said. space was dedicated to music: Clark once wrote a $25,000 Anna played a pedal harp, check to the hospital cafeteria Huguette played a Stradivarius worker who brought her two violin, and two Steinway glasses of warm milk every pianos were positioned back-to- morning. A Filipino immigrant back. was working as a registered But Huguette Clark was also nurse the day Clark first painfully shy from an early age checked into the hospital, and - “lively in private but clearly she was randomly assigned to uncomfortable in public,” said the patient. Bill Dedman, an author of the Twenty years later, they book. were still together, and the At some point in the 1960s, nurse and her family had been she became a recluse in New given millions of dollars in cash York, retreating altogether from and gifts, including one cash public view. In the spring of gift that was used to buy a 1991, she underwent a minor Bentley. procedure at a Manhattan hos“Money was like water to pital — and though she was her,” Dedman said.

22 | Seniors 2013

5 steps to perfect roast chicken By SUSAN SELASKY DETROIT FREE PRESS

HAVASU SENIOR CENTER That special place in our town where seniors can gather to share commonality & friendship. A special place offering a large variety of specialized activities of interest and learning experiences for seniors living in our community. Dining Room meals are served Monday thru Friday between 11:15 AM & 12:30 PM

Utilize the special bus services of “Seniors On The Move” to have door to door service to and from the senior center and occasional area shopping too. Just call HAT at 453-7600

Open 8AM thru 4PM Mon.-Fri.

453-0715 450 S. Acoma Blvd., LHC

I am often asked: What is the best way to roast a chicken? Roasting a whole chicken is something everyone should know how to do. Even the late, great doyenne of the culinary world, Julia Child, would agree. “A well-roasted chicken is the mark of a fine cook,” she wrote in “Julia and Jacques Cooking at Home” (Knopf, $40), a cookbook she coauthored with celebrity chef Jacques Pepin. And it really is simple. Whether you buy a free range, organic, fryer or roaster or any other grocery store chicken, it will make for a fine dinner. In fact, I often suggest roasting two at once. It will save time and energy and offer plenty for leftovers. My steps to a perfect roast chicken are: brine, rinse, dry, roast, rest. It sounds like a lot, but it’s not. Brining ensures moistness. The basic brine is water and salt. For a 4- to 5-pound chicken, make a brine with about 1 gallon of water and 1 cup kosher salt. Sometimes, I change it up and use 1/2 cup kosher salt and 1/2 cup sugar. You also can substitute cider, juices and even beer or wine for some of the water. Dissolve the water and salt in a big pot and submerge the chicken in it. Put the submerged chicken in the refrigerator and allow it to soak for about 5 to 6 hours. It’s not exact, but for a whole chicken, figure about one hour of brining time per 1 pound of chicken. After brining, take the chicken out, discard brine and rinse the chicken inside and out under cold water. Place it on a platter, pat it dry and place it back in the refrigerator for an hour to dry the skin. Take it out of the refrigerator an hour before roasting. Season the chicken inside and out with salt and pepper. If you like, you can add savory vegetables to the cavity to add flavor: a cut-up onion, a celery rib or two with some leaves attached and a few cloves of garlic. Place the chicken on a rack in a shallow roasting pan. Using a rack ensures that the chicken browns and that the skin crisps evenly on all sides. Use kitchen twine to tie the legs together. Add some chicken broth or water to the bottom of the pan to prevent the pan drippings from burning. To roast, I always start out at a high temperature of about 400-425 degrees for the first 20 minutes and then dial it down to 350 degrees for about another hour. I’ve read about starting it out low and then increasing the temperature to make sure the chicken browns evenly. Either way works. The chicken is done when it reaches 165 degrees in the breast and thigh. If you don’t have an instant-read thermometer, it’s a good idea to invest in one. Remove the chicken from the oven and let it rest about 10 minutes before carving.

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