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of acute sinusitis include: * Nasal congestion • Nasal discharge • Facial pain and pressure • Cough or congestion • Loss of smell • Fever • Bad breath • Dental pain • Fatigue How Is Sinusitis Diagnosed? Doctors will typically ask for a full list of symptoms when attempting to diagnose the problem. If the doctor suspects sinusitis, he or she may press the sinuses to feel for tenderness and might also tap the individual's teeth to determine if the paranasal sinus is inflamed. There are also tests available to determine if a person is suffering from sinusitis. These can include studying the mucus culture, conducting a CT scan of the sinuses, allergy testing, nasal endoscopy, or even blood work. How Is Sinusitis Treated? When a person is diagnosed with sinusitis, their treatment will depend on whether they

were diagnosed with acute or chronic sinusitis. For acute sinusitis patients, treatment can be as simple as taking a decongestant or inhaling steam. Nonprescription decongestant nasal drops or sprays have also been proven effective at managing symptoms. However, if such treatments are used beyond their recommended use, congestion may actually increase. Nonprescription decongestants usually recommend usage last no longer than five days, so if the conditions don't improve, cease taking them and consult your physician. If the doctor prescribes antibiotics, 10 to 14 days is the typical treatment schedule. Chronic sinusitis sufferers might be told to find some warm, moist air. Inhaling steam from a pot of boiling water that's been removed from the heat might also help alleviate symptoms. In addition, a warm compress can relieve pain in the nose and sinuses, while nonprescription nasal decongestants, when used in adherence with the recommended dosage, might also be effective. The best thing to keep in mind when suffering from sinusitis is to be proactive if you suspect you have it. Delaying treatment will only extend the often painful and uncomfortable symptoms.

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Dr. Paul H. Barfield CM YK

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(252) 537-2764

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When the weather begins to warm up, many people start taking steps to trim their waistline and shed those extra pounds packed on throughout the winter. While this is common, it's just as common for men and women to underestimate how much work they need to do to get healthy. A 2010 survey from Harris Interactive/HealthDay of more than 2,400 men and women over the age of 18 helped shed light on just how far off many people are when assessing their own health. In the survey, nearly one-third of all respondents from the "overweight" class felt they were normal size, while 70 percent of those who would be considered "obese" felt they were merely overweight. Misconceptions about an individual's own health is likely a reason for the ongoing overweight and obesity epidemic in the United States. If men and women don't believe there's a problem, then they don't feel there's anything to address. However, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention note that 34 percent of adults age 20 and over were obese in 2007-08, and an additional 34 percent were overweight (and not obese) during that time period. Though this is certainly problematic, it's also not difficult for motivated men and women to fix the problem if they so desire. In addition to exercise, eating a more nutritious diet is one of the best ways to maintain a healthy weight. Oftentimes, a healthy diet does not involve making a drastic overhaul. Instead, many people find it's easier than they expected. • Embrace bright fruits and vegetables. Dense in nutrients and low in calories, fruits and vegetables are an essential element to a healthy diet and can be enjoyed throughout the day. And when it comes to fruits and vegetables, the brighter the better. Brighter, deeper colored fruits

and vegetables typically have a high concentra- alternatives and passing on tion of antioxidants, vitamins and minerals. • Don't just go green. Fruits and vegetables white rice in favor come in many different colors, and those colors of brown rice. None of these adjustments are each provide their own distinct nutritional value. very difficult, but they can pay significant diviMany vegetables are green, and greens provide dends. a host of vitamins and minerals. Greens are of- • Don't abandon snacks. Quitting snacks cold ten loaded with calcium, iron, magnesium, potas- turkey will likely result in overeating. And snacks sium, and zinc as well as vitamins A, C, E, and K. aren't the problem; it's what men and women Sweet vegetables, including corn, carrots and choose to snack on that's the true culprit. When beets, might not be as eye-catching as their choosing snacks, select foods that make up for greener counterparts, but these also provide a any lost nutrients. For instance, if you have not good source for vitamins and minerals while had enough protein, choose a healthy, proteinadding some sweetness to a diet as well. rich snack like mixed nuts or peanut butter to get Colorful fruits also provide a host of nutritional your daily recommended protein. Instead of value, including vitamins, fiber and antioxidants. choosing a low-calorie snack like pretzels, find a • Include more whole grains. Whole grains can not only help combat existing conditions like high cholesterol, but they can also protect men and women from a host of other issues. Those issues include cardiovascular disease, stroke and even some cancers. What's more, because they're high in fiber, whole grains make men and women feel more full without eating as much, which can help discourage overeating. Easy ways to include more whole grains in your daily diet include replacing white bread with whole Choosing healthy snacks, such as apple slices, is one way grain bread, trading refined pastas for whole wheat to make a diet more nutritious.

‘We fished out a little polyp in there,’ that is great. They never have to know what might have been.” For the liver and other organ systems, O’Connor said those in the Roanoke Valley should not wait for a certain age to become health conscious. “Folks need to be ongoing and very cognizant of taking care of themselves,” he said. “That generally revolves around diet and making sure we fuel that machinery properly with good, high-fiber foods on an ongoing basis throughout the course of our lifetime.” O’Connor sees his practice and the opening of the Digestive Health Center as a “wonderful opportunity” to assist patients and physicians in the community by helping provide ongoing gastroenterological and liver services for those

ABOUT THE DOCTOR

Rory V. O’Connor, MD, a board certified gastroenterologist, recently opened his office on the Halifax Regional Medical Center campus. As a gastroenterologist, O’Connor is a physician with training and experience in the management of diseases of the gastrointestinal tract. O’Connor’s practice will cover the full range of hepatology, diseases of the liver. He earned his medical degree from the University of California, San Francisco, and spent three years as an intern and resident at Wadsworth VA/UCLA Medical Centers in Los Angeles. O’Connor continued his professional training through a Fellowship at the University of California, San Diego. He joined a medical practice in California and spent 13 years there before moving to Hawaii, where he continued to practice. “While in Hawaii, I was the endoscopy director at our hospital, which is virtually the same size as Halifax Regional. Likewise, our community on Maui is similar in size to the community served by Halifax Regional,” he said. O’Connor will work closely with the staff of the Digestive Health Center, where he will perform a full range of endoscopic procedures. “My wife and I are ‘empty nesters’ with our children either in college or graduates, so we are moving back to the mainland to be closer to them as they go forward in their lives,” he said. “We are attracted to the Roanoke Rapids area by the people. The community is wonderfully welcoming and genuine.” O’Connor and his wife, Daren, have been married 26 years. They have three children.

His office is located at Eastern Carolina Gastroenterology, is open from 8 a.m. to 5 p.m. Monday through Friday and is located in Building 5 of the medical plaza. Call 252-535-1800 for more information.

Shantea Connell, manager of the new Digestive Health Center at Halifax Regional Medical Center, shows where the hang to dry in a new cubbard-type container which was part of the digestive center’s rennovations.

Here the new Digestive Health Center staff readies the procedure area. Pictured are Shantea Connell, RN, manager of the Center, foreground, Darlene Wolgemuth, RN, left, and Laura Dickens, RN. All are from Roanoke Rapids.

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Easy Means To a More Nutritious Diet

nity.” O’Connor said a heightened awareness is recommended for those in their 50s, not because colon cancer chances increases, but the development of colon polyps increases. The “overwhelming majority” of colon cancer comes from polyps, O’Connor said. Not all polyps are bad — less than half lead to cancer. “If you can identify and remove polyps at that point early in the scheme of things, you can thus prevent subsequent development of potential colon cancer,” O’Connor said. “That way we really are able to use the phrase ‘cancer prevention,’ as opposed to ‘early detection.’ I would much rather never have to deal with a cancer. If I can tell folks

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venient to finish a dish or dress a salad with a smidgen of hearthealthy olive oil. Use the finest and most flavorful extra virgin olive oil you can find so that the smallest amount can deliver amazing flavor to your food. • Zester/Grater — Topping pasta, grilled or steamed vegetables, salads, scrambled eggs and other dishes with cheese can be healthy with this handy gadget, which grates cheese extra finely so you consume less than it looks. They’re also terrific for grating citrus peel to give many dishes zestful taste with virtually zero calories. • Light coconut milk — A staple in many Asian and Caribbean cuisines, and the foundation of a delicious chicken, vegetable, fish or lamb curry, regular coconut milk is sky-high in fat, but you can find cans of light coconut milk at your supermarket or gourmet food store. It’s a great way to jazz up a side dish of rice. • Whole wheat pastry flour — More nutritious than white flour, but not as heavy tasting as whole-wheat flour, this is a great choice when you’re making pancakes, muffins and quick breads. You can also use fiber-rich but light textured oat flour by grinding old-fashioned oats very finely in a food processor. • Herbs and spices — They have virtually no calories and nearly limitless possibilities in making a healthy dish taste decadent. If you don’t feel confident combining spices, check out the growing assortment of delicious spice blends available in the supermarket. Learn a few basics about using fresh herbs so you get the most of these perishable ingredients. Sturdier herbs like rosemary and thyme can easily be added to foods early in the cooking process to impart their flavors. Save the more delicate herbs like fresh parsley, dill and basil for the very end of the cooking process, or as a gar-

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texture. It may be a good idea to offer a variety of new foods together with something he already enjoys eating. It’s also common for kids to only eat one type of food over and over again. Don’t worry that the child is not getting enough nutrition. Chances are he will grow out of this stage and soon enjoy a variety of foods. Threats or punishments to eat will only serve to cause a poor relationship with food, advise childhood experts. Also, don’t bribe a child to eat with the reward of a snack or dessert later on. This sets a poor example of eating and could lead to behavioral problems. Many children develop finicky eating habits. However, as long as a youngster is growing regularly and has plenty of energy for daily activities, there’s a good chance that the foods being eaten are not interfering with health.

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KEEP KIDS

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Encouraging good hygiene habits for tweens • Make it Fun: The tween years are all about finding a unique sense of style. This also applies to cosmetics and accessories. Allow your tween to choose their shampoos, soaps and oral care products. This will encourage them to take interest in their hygiene without you having to ask. • Brace Face: Tooth brushing can be a struggle at this age. Your child may go in the bathroom for 30 seconds and declare that he or she has brushed. Kids should know that good oral care is just as important as taking a shower, especially if your child has braces. Make the process a little easier and Sports are a great way to ensure they are brushing point your child in the for the proper amount of right direction for life time by keeping a two minute timer in the bathroom. By supplying your tween with products in the flavors and cool designs they will like, they might even forget they are doing something healthy and those two minutes will fly!

With school, sports, friends and hobbies, today’s tweens lead busy and active lives, and sometimes they don’t take the time — or know — to practice good hygiene. While discussing proper hygiene with your tween can be difficult, it is possible to address the topic without making him or her feel uncomfortable or self-conscious. One approach parents can take is to appeal to your tweens’ growing maturity by making it clear that these self-care tasks are their responsibility. Giving your tween the respect and encouragement to make their own choices in these transitional years can help them develop healthy habits for life. To help empower your tween to take better care of their hygiene, parents can follow these tips:

• Oral Health: An important issue particularly for kids in their adolescent years. Tooth decay is still recognized as the most common chronic disease affecting children in the United States. According to the American Academy of Pediatrics, 51 million hours of school are lost each year due to dental-related illness1, said Dr. Jennifer Salzer, orthodontist, dentist and mother of a tween. “Not only can poor oral hygiene affect the health and well-being of a child, but also it plays a role in self-esteem.” • Under Armor: Puberty is the first time adolescents have to deal with body odor. Help your tween understand how to control odors by explaining the difference between deodorant, which controls bacteria while adding fragrance, and antiperspirant, which stops or limits sweating. Remind your tween that both deodorant and antiperspirant will help if they put it on before they start sweating, not after. • Skincare 101: Changing hormones typically bring about oilier skin, especially on the nose and forehead. Teach your tween to wash their face once or twice a day with a cleanser and discourage them from picking, as this causes inflammation and scarring. • Lead by Example: Whether they admit it or not, your tween notices your habits. Set an example by showing that a healthy hygiene routine is important to you too.

HEALTHY THROUGH COLD AND FLU SEASON Cold and flu season still lingers, and for the parents of the world and the Roanoke Valley, this means the annual challenge of keeping kids healthy through a season that’s often as hazardous as it is hectic. While there’s no way parents can guarantee their kids won’t succumb to the occasional cold this winter, there are steps parents can take to help lessen kids’ risk. Grapple brand apples offers the following tips to par-

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hoping to keep their kids healthy throughout the long winter ahead. • Encourage exercise. Like their adult counterparts, kids tend to live a much more sedentary lifestyle once winter begins. ColdPacking a flavorful punch, apples make for a healthy er temperatures outside and less and filling snack alternative for kids. available hours of sunlight make it difficult to spend quality time outup, a struggle many people, adults and children doors. However, when the weather peralike, must deal with throughout the winter mits, parents should encourage kids months. to spend at least 30 minutes • Emphasize washing hands. Aside from a vacexercising outdoors during cine, perhaps nothing is more effective at fendthe winter. Doing so helps ing off cold and flu than washing hands. While boost immunity and, conmany adults instinctively wash their hands when trary to popular belief, the they use the restroom or arrive home, kids are cold weather does not cause much less likely to do so. When emphasizing the cold or flu. Instead, sitting inimportance of washing hands, illustrate the propdoors and facing increased er way to do so, which includes washing with exposure to infected adults soap and water for at least 15 to 20 seconds, enand fellow kids is often the culprit suring all parts of the hand, and especially those when cold and flu is spread. like the fingertips which regularly come in con• Choose healthy snacks. Parents tact with germs, are adequately cleaned. should provide kids with healthier fare • Monitor kids’ daily diets. Kids who get too litthat is low in calories but still packs a tasty, tle vitamins and minerals are open to a host of nutritive punch. Eating a healthy snack, be it in potential problems, both in the immediate future the school cafeteria or at home after school, as well as later in life. Soft bones, poor muscle helps keep kids’ minds sharp and their energy

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For more nutritional information, visit www.fruitsandveggiesmorematters.org.

Frequent urination often responsible for lost sleep There are many conditions that may interrupt sleep or contribute to insomnia. However, frequent nighttime urination may be one of the foremost culprits contributing to many older individuals' interrupted sleep and daytime sleepiness. INTRODUCTION TO NOCTURIA Frequent nighttime urination, also called nocturia, is a common cause of sleep loss, according to the National Sleep Foundation. Nearly 65 percent of older individuals (ages 55 to 84) often report this disturbance at least a few nights per week. Although many seniors experience nocturia, it can occur at any age. A person who cannot go 6 to 8 hours during the night without rising to use the bathroom is said to have nocturia. Frequent urination is also used to describe having to rise to visit the bathroom several times during the night for more than two days during the week. Nocturia is generally the result of an underlying medical condition. It can also be connected back to medications one is taking or be a side effect of certain lifestyle habits. Here are some of the common causes of nocturia: • Drinking too much of a beverage before bed. • Consuming alcohol, caffeinated beverages or tea and other diuretics that can increase urine output. • Fluid redistribution when a person is lying down to

sleep. • Certain medical conditions, including: Congestive heart failure, diabetes mellitus, heart disease, diabetes insipidus, high blood pressure and vascular disease, among others. TREATING FREQUENT NIGHTTIME URINATION A doctor or specialist may offer strategies for helping with nocturia. First, an assessment of habits and medical conditions can offer clues into the reasons behind the frequent urination. An answer simply may be a reduction in fluids at night or a change in diet. Individuals who find a medical condition is at the root of nocturia can try different procedures to correct the problem. One of the less-invasive solutions include homeopathic options, such as herbal supplements. Based on Traditional Chinese Medicine, these supplements are comprised of a proprietary blend of herbs and other ingredients that work in concert to provide overall bodily health. Instead of simply targeting one issue at a time, the supplements take a holistic approach to the body and work on the fundamental causes of seemingly separate issues. CREATING A JOURNAL Documenting cases of nocturia and when urinary frequency is at its worst can help experts develop a treatment plan. It is also helpful to answer a few questions to better advise a doctor. • When did symptoms begin? • Is there an increase in the amount of urine? • How often are bathroom visits made? • Have there been any changes in your diet? • How often do you drink beverages that contain caffeine or alcohol? • Have you had a recent bladder infection? • Are there any changes in the color of your

urine? • Are you pregnant? • What medications are you taking? Nocturia is the frequent need to visit the bathroom at night. It is not to be confused with bedwetting or leakage of urine. This condition can adversely affect the health of individuals by causing broken sleep and subsequent daytime drowsiness and irritability. Seeking a treatment option quickly can put people on the road to a more restful night.

The road to a better night’s sleep may involve taking steps to treat frequent nighttime urination.

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function and even heart disease are among the potential side effects kids with poor diets might be susceptible to later in life. When watching what kids eat, parents should ensure their kids are getting enough vitamin D, vitamin C and enough fiber. As any health-conscious parent knows, getting kids to eat enough fiber can be very difficult. But fiber helps adults fight off type 2 diabetes and high cholesterol, and might do the same for kids. What’s more, fiber helps kids feel more full, which can be an especially valuable asset in fighting off overweight and obesity.

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nlike their parents, today’s kids often forgo sandlot base ball or games of tag for much more sedentary fare like video games or surfing the Internet. While video games and Internet access aren’t lacking in value, many parents would prefer their kids be more active. Though it can be difficult to get kids off the couch, there are ways parents can help their kids live and embrace a more active lifestyle, which can have benefits both now and down the road. • Make it a team effort. Parents who are concerned their kids aren’t getting enough daily exercise should ask themselves if they're getting enough exercise themselves. Kids aren’t the only ones who need daily exercise. A good way to encourage kids is to join them. Make daily physical activity a team effort. Kids don’t have to join Mom and Dad at the gym. Instead, go for a nightly walk after dinner, or make time to play catch in the yard. Kids often take cues from their parents even if their parents aren’t aware. Parents who exercise every day are much more likely to have kids who exercise every day as well. Set a positive example for kids and include them in your own fitness routine whenever the opportunity arises. • Minimize television time. The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends older kids watch no more than two hours of television per day. But as any parent knows, most kids average much more than two hours of television per day. To decrease that tube time, parents can take televisions out of their kids’ bedrooms, instead putting televisions only in the common rooms which will also allow parents to more closely

monitor what their kids are watching. • Encourage extracurricular activities. While parents might find it hard to believe, today’s kids, even with all the video games and additional gadgets, still get bored. Boredom might be contributing to sedentary lifestyles. To combat boredom, parents should encourage extracurricular activities that get kids off the couch. Whether it’s participating in team sports, joining the local or school theater program or even getting a job, parents should encourage kids to do more after school than come home and turn on the television or play video games. • Emphasize activity instead of exercise. Many adults associate exercise with going to the gym or running on the treadmill, both of which are tough to get excited about. Kids might be equally indifferent and less enthusiastic about exercise. Instead of emphasizing exercise, encourage kids to be active. Being active doesn’t have to entail playing a sport or doing any calisthenics. Instead, an active lifestyle is one that’s not spent idling the hours away lounging. Encourage kids to get outdoors and pursue interests other than video games or television shows. • Express interest in kids’ activities. Parents should express interest in their kids’ activities. If kids like to fish, ask how they fared after their most recent trip to the neighborhood fishing hole. When parents express an interest in their kids’ activities, kids are more likely to embrace those activities, something that’s especially beneficial if the activities in question are ones that get kids off the couch.

Is my child eating enough?

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With childhood obesity epidemics on the rise, many parents and healthcare providers are concerned about the dietary habits of children. However, many parents to toddlers or even school-aged children may wonder if their children are eating enough. Children often go through periods of finicky eating or disinterest in food. It is not uncommon to have a child who eats a wide variety of foods when he is younger only to dislike the same foods a year or two later. Most doctors

say that if a child is growing and active, chances are that he is healthy and getting enough food. If the opposite is true, there may be some cause for concern. Parents should consult the child’s pediatrician if eating habits seem to be compromising their child’s growth or energy levels. There are estimates that a young child should eat about a tablespoon of food for each year of the child’s age. Therefore, a 3-year-old should be getting at least 3 tablespoons of food. If the child is interested in more food, certainly offer it. If he pushes food away after eating, don’t force more on him. Most children should have 3 meals and 2 snacks per day. Toddlers may not eat enough in one meal to remain full until the next meal. Small, healthy snacks of vegetables, whole-grain crackers or low-fat dairy products can help take the edge off of hunger. Health experts say that it can take several introductions to a new food before the child becomes accustomed to its taste and

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Encouraging kids to live a more active lifestyle

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healthy cooking

Below is a list of culinary products and foods that have no place in a healthy kitchen. If they’re lurking in your cabinets and shelves, send them packing — or

Non stick cookware set

at least hide them in out of the way places until you need them for very special occasions: • Deep fat fryer — Fried foods are obviously high in fat, and with the right technique and equipment, you can easily “faux fry” potatoes, chicken, tortillas and more, using your oven. • Popcorn poppers requiring oil — Look for air-poppers or choose low-calorie microwaveable popcorn to make bowls of this naturally wholesome snack. • Waffle irons — Though many are “non-stick,” some type of fat is required to keep the waffle from sticking, whereas pancakes can easily be made in a quality nonstick pan without added fat. • Chocolate fountain — Once in a while, a little chocolate indulgence is fine, but this novelty appliance creates a “mountain” of melted chocolate, doesn’t provide good portion control. • Granola — Sounds healthy, yet the majority of brands are extremely high in fat and calories. It’s also very easy to overestimate portions and end up consuming two or three times the recommended serving. • Blended fruit juices — Save calories and enjoy the complete nutritional benefits of fresh fruits like oranges, pears, apples and grapefruits by eating them whole. • Full-fat dairy products — Staples like milk, cheese, butter, yogurt and treats like ice cream and frozen yogurt, should always be either skim, part-skim or reduced fat. Look for light butter and 75 percent reduced fat cheddar cheese. • Full-fat mayonnaise — Re-

The human body needs exercise to operate at full capacity. Exercise is important at any age, but can be particularly beneficial for individuals in their golden years. The key is finding exercises that are both safe and effective.

duced calorie and light versions of this popular and versatile condiment are readily available now. Formulations have been greatly improved, so there’s no excuse to keep the old-style, high-fat jar of mayo in the fridge or pantry.

Healthy kitchen “must-haves” Now that the worst offenders are out of sight, replenish kitchen supplies with healthier choices, such as: • Good quality nonstick cookware — Healthy cooking habits begin with an investment in durable pots and pans that heat quickly and evenly, and provide a longlasting nonstick surface that allows you to cook your favorite foods without adding butter or oil. • Good quality nonstick bakeware — Even if you’re avoiding baking desserts, nonstick cookie pans, jelly roll pans and loaf pans are terrific for making healthy savory dishes like “faux-fried” chicken, meatballs, baked French fries, turkey meatloaf and more. Durable nonstick bakeware lets you bake and roast sweet and savory foods without greasing the pans. Look for heavy weight nonstick bakeware that won’t warp or bend in the oven. • Kitchen scale — Learning the correct size of portions can be very tricky. Your idea of a four-ounce serving of steak may actually be 8 ounces, but you won’t know for sure unless you weigh it from time to time to keep yourself in check. • Oil mister — This tool makes it super easy and con-

BENEFITS OF EXERCISE The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention report that 28 to 44 percent of seniors ages 65 to 75 are inactive, meaning they don't get enough daily exercise for optimal health. Studies indicate that there are many reasons that seniors should engage in regular exercise. • It can help stave off illness and chronic conditions by keeping the immune system healthy. • It paves the way for better sleep, including falling asleep easier and sleeping more deeply. • Exercise releases natural endorphins, which help a person feel good about him or herself and can boost mood.

• Regular exercise can promote weight loss, especially when done in conjunction with a healthy diet. • Improved muscle tone can take pressure off of joints and help with mobility. • Research indicates that exercise can boost brain function and keep dementia at bay. • When participating in social exercise, seniors realize companionship and stress relief. • Exercise can keep systems of the body in check, reducing constipation and helping circulatory issues. ENGAGING IN THE RIGHT EXERCISES While it may have been the norm to do multiple, rigorous repetitions of exercises during one's youth, older adults should employ different strategies. Certain exercises are better than others and can help reduce the risk of injury. Before starting any type of exercise regimen, seniors should talk with a physician about the pros and cons of certain activities. The doctor may be able to provide guidance as to which activities are better for specific conditions a person has. For example, an individual with arthritis may want to seek low-impact workouts, such as water aerobics. Once a doctor gives the go-ahead, here are some exercises many 50+ people can try.

• Walking: Walking remains one of the best exercises for people of any age. The pace and resistance can be set by each individual by walking faster or slower, uphill or downhill. Adding light weights can make the workout even more effective. Walking is also easier on the legs and knees than jogging, but can be just as effective a cardiovascular workout. • Leg extensions: Repetitions of leg extensions stretch the muscles of the legs and flex the knee joint. This can promote longevity of the knees and keep knee replacements at bay. • Swimming: Enrolling in a local gym or YMCA that has a pool can be a boon to seniors. Swimming is a low-impact workout that targets most areas of the body as well as providing a cardiovascular workout. Plus, since swimming can be relaxing and enjoyable, it's an exercise that many people don't mind doing. • Strength training: Moderate weight lifting can keep muscles strong and promote a healthy metabolism, considering muscle burns more calories than fat. • Endurance exercise: Just about any activity that gets the heart rate up for an extended period of time is good for the body. This can be raking leaves, mowing the lawn, walking, bicycling, playing a game of catch, etc. Be sure the doctor cleans any such activities beforehand.

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Healthy kitchen “worst offenders”

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BEST EXERCISES FOR THE OVER-50 CROWD

Spruce up your kitchen for Looking for innovative ways to make your goal of getting healthier? Try sprucing up your kitchen so that you’re inspired to lighten up your cooking and eating habits. Now is the time to prepare — mentally and physically — for the return of warm weather, lighter clothing and hopefully a lighter and healthier you. Survey your kitchen — including pantry, refrigerator and freezer — and weed out the stuff that doesn’t lead to “clean” eating. What should be discarded can be replaced with “lighter style” equipment, tools, pantry basics and ingredients that will help you cook yourself healthy and slim without sacrificing pleasure or convenience.

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Digestive Health Center opens

Sinusitis Shantea Connell, manager of the new Digestive Health Center at Halifax Regional Medical Center, points out the gastroenterological system as she talks about how the Center can now help patients with more than just procedures that may be needed for treatment.

Stephen Hemelt The Daily Herald Managing Editor

The launch of Halifax Regional Medical Center’s new Digestive Health Center and the location of Dr. Rory V. O’Connor on the hospital’s campus is providing the Roanoke Valley with a new level of colon, liver and gastroenterological care.

O’Connor, a board certified gastroenterologist, opened his office Feb. 22. The Digestive Health Center opens Monday. Shantea Connell, registered nurse and manager of the new Digestive Health Center, said with O’Connor’s addition, a complete care effort has been achieved. “He will not just be doing procedures here in our hospital under the Digestive Health Center, but he is also bringing patients here to manage their disease processes, give them IV antibiotics or whatever medication they need to control their symptoms, depending on what their manifestations DR. RORY V. O’CONNOR are,” Connell said. “(Dr. O’Connor) is very easy to talk to and loves to teach. Not only will it be good for the community and trying to help our patients deal with their disease processes, but he will be good for the nurses here at the hospital as far as training and learning new things.”

Connell, who has worked at Halifax Regional since 1993, said colon cancer is prevalent in the Valley. Anybody 50 and older is encouraged to have a colon screening. O’Connor said coupling his practice with the digestive center creates a collaborative approach to Photos by: Kris Smith | The Daily Herald health care. “You want to have everyone Pictured is the new, left, versus old, right, Digestive Health Center at involved and on the Halifax Regional Medical Center. Staff at the rennovated Center say they same page,” he said. are very excited to officially open Monday. “When I say collaborative, everybody is actively participating — me with silo mentality, where this is my little world and I am not the patient, with their physician, with our staff at the participating in the global health care delivery. Digestive Health Center. Everybody is working (Collaborative care) helps, not just expand, deepen together. We’re kind of breaking out of what I term a the level of health care delivery to folks in the commu-

Might Be to Blame for Congestion, Discomfort Each and every year, when the temperatures hover around or below freezing, scores of men, women and children reach for the tissue box to overcome what's typically assumed to be the common cold. But that common cold might actually be something much different. Roughly 37 million Americans suffer from at least one episode of sinusitis each year. An inflammation, or swelling of the tissue lining the sinuses, sinusitis can prove very difficult to live with. Healthy sinuses are normally filled with air, but when a person is suffering from sinusitis, their sinuses become blocked and filled with fluid and germs, potentially leading to infection. To avoid succumbing to sinusitis this year, learn as much about the condition as possible so it can be properly diagnosed early on and limit its potentially painful effects. Are There Different Types of Sinusitis? It's easy to overlook sinusitis because many people mistakenly assume sinusitis is purely a chronic condition. However, sinusitis isn't always chronic. • Acute sinusitis: Acute sinusitis is characterized by a sudden onset of cold-like symptoms that don't go away after 7 to 10 days. Symptoms can include runny nose, congestion and facial pain that lasts 4 weeks or less.

• Subacute sinusitis: Symptoms will last 4 to 8 weeks. • Chronic sinusitis: When sinus inflammation lasts 8 weeks or more, the condition is considered chronic. Are Some People More Susceptible to Sinusitis? Certain people are more likely to suffer from sinusitis than others. Those people include: • People with structural differences, including a deviated septum, that narrow the drainage ducts. • People who suffer from allergic rhinitis, which causes the swelling of the lining of the nose. • People with nasal polyps, or small growths in the lining of the nose. • People whose nasal mucous membrane swells as from a common cold. What Indicates Acute Sinusitis? Because it's common to mistake a bout of acute sinusitis with the common cold, men and women should learn about acute sinusitis to help determine if what they or their children are suffering through is sinusitis or just a common cold. The symptoms

The Daily Herald Medical Wellness Update 2011 - 15

2 -The Daily Herald Medical Wellness Update 2011

New level of care for Valley patients

CM YK

Medical & Wellness 2011  

a guide of medical physicians, medical advice and other health tips

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