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L ALAND N D & LIVESTOCK LIVESTO FARMING, RANCHING AND THE COUNTRY WAY OF LIFE

December 20, 2012 | Vol. 3 Issue 12 | Pierre, South Dakota ECRWSS CARRIER ROUTE PRE-SORT

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INSIDE: Taking a trip to Capa is like stepping back in time (Dakota Life) What landowners should know about fracking ‘Low-tech’ wheat is losing acres to other crops Ag wages are competitive on North Plains

December 20, 2012 | Land & Livestock | 1


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Publisher

Steven Baker 605-224-7301 ext. 111 publisher@capjournal.com

Editor

Lance Nixon 605-224-7301 ext. 130 lance.nixon@capjournal.com

Advertising director

April Thompson 605-224-7301 ext. 120 april.thompson@capjournal.com

Sales

Features

Julie Furchner 605-224-7301 ext. 142 julie.furchner@capjournal.com

The Road to Capa runs back in time (Dakota Life).................................................4

Classified sales

Land & Livestock News

Misty Pickner 605-224-7301 ext. 110 Wanda Doren 605-224-7301 ext. 109

How fracking impacts South Dakota and what you should know............................8 Why “low-tech� wheat is losing acres to soybeans, corn.........................................15

Creative director

Melanie Handl melanie.handl@capjournal.com

Agriculture wages competitive on North Plains.....................................................18

Designer

Sustainable approach developed to help with rising land prices.............................21

Justin Joiner justin.joiner@capjournal.com

Ranchers workshop set for Jan. 15........................................................................24

Cover photo - Allison Jarrell for Land & Livestock

Land & Livestock Classifieds

Content of Land & Livestock is protected under the Federal Copyright Act. Reproduction of any portion of any issue will not be permitted without the express permission of the Capital Journal.

Capital Journal

December 20, 2012 | Land & Livestock | 3

Land & Livestock is a publication of the Capital Journal and is published monthly at 333 W. Dakota Ave., P.O. Box 878, Pierre, SD 57501


Back in time The road to the ghost town of Capa is a time portal and Capa’s lone resident is the keeper Story and photos by Allison Jarrell for Land & Livestock

Capa, S.D. – If you drive to the end of the Capa Road, you’ll stumble upon what looks like a ghost town. The view is tattered with wooden structures - a stucco-covered school house and an old church with gothic windows. On the other side of the road, yipping prairie dogs dance around a rusting flagpole. A sign in front of an old hotel reads, “Capa 1907.”

Dakota

Life

If you’re lucky, Capa’s lone resident, Philip O’Connor, will come out to greet you – red leather guestbook in hand.

4 | Land & Livestock | December 20, 2012

“When I first got the book, a guy from Sioux Falls drove through. I asked him if he wanted to sign the book, and he glared at me out the window,” O’Connor said. “I suppose he thought I was going to trick him or something, but he did sign it. People are suspicious, but I guess you can’t blame them.” Every so often a rancher or prairie dog hunter will roll through the town of Capa, but O’Connor is mostly kept company by his dog, Midnight, and the vivid memories he shares with those interested in listening. He paints a portrait so vibrant that the echoes of a bustling town can almost be heard. O’Connor’s family tree took root long ago in Capa – it began with his great-grandparents, Arthur and Catherine McConnville, both of whom were born and raised in Dublin, Ireland. Catherine was born in 1836 and O’Connor suspects she immigrated to Garland, S.D., about 25 years later. Garland was an Irish town near Vermillion, whose brick and mortar has long since vanished. Catherine worked for several years before she had enough money to send for Arthur to join her.


“She told people she didn’t know if she should have or not afterwards,” O’Connor said. “I suppose that was a joke.” Arthur and Catherine raised their family in Garland, and their daughter, also named Catherine, eventually became a teacher there. After school dismissed each day, she would visit with a storekeeper named Walter Scott Poler, W.S. for short. They spent so much time together, that they decided to get married. The couple moved to Capa in 1908, and settled 15 miles north of the town in an area called Bunker, named after a famous rancher. W.S. ran a post office there and coached the Bunker baseball team, which often played teams from other towns like Wendte and Van Metre. O’Connor’s great-grandparents joined their clan in Capa in 1916, most likely by team and wagon. O’Connor said that his grandmother and greatgrandmother were good friends and enjoyed living in close proximity to one another. “The story was told that when they left Garland, they got to the top of a hill and someone asked my great-grandmother, ‘Do you want to look back for one last look?’ She said, ‘No, I’ve got to look forward to the future.’ She never looked back,” O’Connor said.

“Four hundred dollars was a lot of money for land in 1916,” O’Connor said. “But it wasn’t platted, so maybe that’s why he spent so much on it.” O’Connor has lived in that house since 1948, and still resides there today with seven cattle scattered throughout the pasture.

Capa was “of interest because of its hot mineral baths,” according to the 1938 edition of “A South Dakota Guide.” The water for the baths came from a deep artesian well, which still feeds into Capa Lake. Water was piped to the pool in the Capa Hotel, and treatments were given for rheumatism, muscular pains and other ailments. O’Connor said that his grandparent’s children often came to the hotel to use the bathhouse.

the sidewalk in front of the Catholic church.

“It was a godsend to get in that water and wash up,” he said.

If you look closely enough, you can also see tiny, three-toed footprints.

Helen Poler O’Connor, met in Capa while Henry was working on the railroad there. They had a son named David in 1924, and Philip was born 12 years later in Myrtle.

His grandmother had a cellar built at the hotel in 1921, and a man named Henry Aust did the job. His initials can be seen embedded in the concrete there, as well as on a cistern and

“I guess the chickens weren’t shut up long enough for the cement to harden,” O’Connor laughed.

After being brought back to the Capa Hotel, O’Connor lived there with his family for about eight years.

His parents, Henry O’Connor and

December 20, 2012 | Land & Livestock | 5

Upon arriving in town, Arthur McConnville bought a house, a 40-acre pasture and the Capa Hotel. The house and pasture cost $400 each; the hotel was $900.

Above, Philip O’Connor’s dog, Midnight, stands in front of a stucco-covered school house built by John Block. At left, Philip O’Connor is the only remaining resident of Capa.

The hotel was purchased from a man named Alexander Thorne, who not only built the hotel, but also constructed the house adjoining it and laid cement for a public bathhouse on the other side.


“They didn’t know what to call me, so my brother said name him Philip after Philip Bernard,” O’Connor said. “He was a close neighbor, and I think he was a pleasant man, so maybe that’s why he popped into his head. [My brother] was only 12 at the time, so he might have not been too logical-minded.”

6 | Land & Livestock | December 20, 2012

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O’Connor recalls a mostly provincial lifestyle growing up; traveling to Midland was an occasional treat on the weekends. Many of his relatives were well-liked in the community, and his grandmother was quite the entertainer.

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“She’d feed the railroaders supper, but she wasn’t too practicalminded, I guess, because she didn’t charge them enough,” O’Connor said. “I don’t think she could pay Mr. Kleven for the groceries, but he never made any

trouble about it.” O’Connor went to elementary school in Capa from 1942 to 1950, but decided to travel east to Sioux City to attend high school. After staying there with his aunt and uncle, he ventured to Dubuque, Iowa, for college. In 1958, O’Connor graduated and went on to teach in several different county schools before returning to Capa. “My mother liked it so well here. It was pretty hard to leave I guess,” O’Connor said. His father died in 1945, the same year that his mother began running the Capa post office. It was a fourth class post office that the people who were still in Capa patronized, but eventually it closed in 1976. Walking through Capa today,


you can see a depression in the ground where the bank was. The concrete block that the vault was placed on is still sitting there, buried below the prairie grass. Shredded Campbell’s Soup labels adorn the floor of the old hotel, and frayed furniture sits unused. O’Connor notices Midnight barking

by the prairie dog holes. “He’s a good prairie dog dog,” he said. “Best I’ve ever had. Can’t get them, but keeps them in the hole pretty well.” O’Connor doesn’t mind the serene quiet that envelops the small town of Capa. It’s his favorite part about living here.

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Fracking in South Dakota: What landowners should know By Lura Roti for Land & Livestock

oil and gas work groups in May 2012.

As the oil and gas industry booms in neighboring North Dakota, questions began to arise over whether the industry will move south and what this would mean to South Dakota landowners if it does. To answer these questions, Gov. Dennis Daugaard established two

The Oil and Gas Development Work Group was tasked with researching the potential scope of oil and gas industry development in the state and what this would mean to the environment and surface landowners. The second work group – Oil and Gas Preparedness – was

tasked with determining what actions should be taken to prepare for development if it were to occur. These groups were given four months to find answers and reported its findings to the South Dakota State Legislature this last September. Their research and recommendations are available in the South Dakota Oil & Gas Development/ Preparedness Executive Branch Work Groups “Summary of Findings.” Based on the findings in this executive summary as they relate to fracing and additional discussions with experts in the environment and natural resource law, Land & Livestock put together a Fracking 101 Q&A for its readers. Q: What is fracking? Nathan Sanderson, Policy Advisor, Office of the Governor and Leader of the Oil & Gas Development Work Group answers:

7 BILLION HUNGRY PEOPLE? CHALLENGE ACCEPTED.

Hydraulic fracturing or fracking is a mechanical technique used to increase the permeability of rock to increase oil and gas production. The process involves injecting water, a propping agent such as sand and a small percentage of chemicals into an oil or gas reservoir under high pressure. This creates small fractures in the rock which are held open by the propping agent, allowing oil and gas to flow to the well.

8 | Land & Livestock | December 20, 2012

Fracking is not a new technique. It’s been around since the 1940s and has been used in South Dakota for many years on both oil and gas and water wells. However, advancements in drilling technology, which allow for horizontal drilling, have made fracking a common technique – especially in areas of the country such as North Dakota with large, tight oil and gas reserves that could not be produced economically without the use of these techniques. Like the farmers we serve, Wheat Growers never stops working. We bring more agronomy, grain and precision ag solutions to the table than any other agricultural supplier in our area. Plus, state-of-the-art facilities, grain marketing power and a wide variety of contract options. It all adds up to healthy returns for our farmers. . . and the world they work so hard to feed.

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Q: What is the growth potential of fracking in South Dakota? Nathan Sanderson Answers: The oil and gas found in South Dakota is primarily in Harding County in the Red River “B” Formation. This formation is more permeable than the Bakken Formation, so hydraulic fracturing is not necessary. The oil and gas reserves available in the Red River “B” Formation are relatively small in comparison to

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... In 2012, South Dakota had one oil rig running which drilled 12 wells over the course of the year. At the same time, North Dakota had more than 200 oil rigs operating on the Bakken Formation, each drilling one new well per month.

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North Dakota’s Bakken Formation. For example, in 2012, South Dakota had one oil rig running which drilled 12 wells over the course of the year. At the same time, North Dakota had more than 200 oil rigs operating on the Bakken Formation, each drilling one new well per month.

Any fracking occurring in South Dakota, which in the recent past has been limited to natural gas wells in Harding County, does not compare to the high volume, multi-stage fracking we hear about in North Dakota. In fact, because the price of natural gas is down, there has been no hydraulic fracturing related

to the production of natural gas occurring in South Dakota the last two years. Based on past exploration, it appears that the likelihood of discovering a “Bakken-sized” oil reserve in South Dakota has been ruled out. Our research

December 20, 2012 | Land & Livestock | 11

A drilling rig is seen in a field in Harding County. (Photo courtesy of Chris Quinn, Luff Exploration Company)


showed the most likely scenario would be that South Dakota will continue to have one oil rig drilling about 12 new wells each year in Harding County, employing about 80 people. Q: What are the environmental concerns that come with fracking? Jeppe Kjaersgaard answers. Kjaersgaard is an Assistant Professor of Agricultural and Environmental Water Management at South Dakota State University and a member of the Northern Plains and Mountains Regional Water Program which is a partnership between USDA NIFA and land grant colleges and universities to integrate water research, education and Extension resources of the land-grant universities and to partner with stakeholders to develop and deliver knowledge-based programs addressing protection and improvement of water resources. In states where a lot of fracking takes place, water quality and availability becomes a concern. It takes millions of gallons of water to frack a large well. And once the water has done its job, it is contaminated with chemicals. After use, the return water from the well may be stored in big above-ground tanks or lagoons. Our group and others are researching ways that this water can be treated. Since water is a scarce resource already in areas where fracing takes place, there are competing interests over water – oil companies versus agriculture. Because of the limited amount of fracking occurring in South Dakota and the wells are relatively small, this is less of an issue in our state.

12 | Land & Livestock | December 20, 2012

Traffic is another concern states face where fracking is a common practice, like North Dakota, Colorado and Wyoming. It can take more than 2 million gallons of water to frack a well, which can involve 300 to 600 truckloads of water. As you can imagine, this generates a lot of traffic on rural roads that may not have been built for such intensive use. Q: What environmental concerns should South Dakotan landowners have when it comes to fracking? Bob Townsend answers. Townsend is the Administrator of Minerals and Mining program for the South Dakota Department of Environment and Natural Resources In South Dakota we do not have any significant environmental concerns over fracking because there is currently no high volume, multi-stage hydraulic fracturing going on in the state. Small scale hydraulic fracturing of both gas and water wells has been done in the state for decades, but to a limited extent, and none recently.

The main difference between South Dakota’s past practice, and the current fracking practice used in other states to develop unconventional resources are the volumes of fluids used and the high pressures involved. The main difference between South Dakota’s past practice, and the current fracking practice used in other states to develop unconventional resources are the volumes of fluids used and the high pressures involved. For example, past hydraulic fracturing of gas wells in South Dakota typically involved the use of 10 to 20 thousand gallons of fluid, or one to two truckloads. In contrast, it takes three to six million gallons of fluid, amounting to 300 to 600 truckloads, to frack a typical Bakken Formation well in North Dakota.

documented cases in the U.S. of water being contaminated by fracking. If fracking were to become a more common practice in South Dakota, the wells drilled for fracking are significantly deeper than any water resource.

Also, because most of South Dakota’s existing oil production comes from the Red River “B” Formation in Harding County and it is more permeable than the Bakken Formation in North Dakota, fracking is not used.

Once they have this proposal, I recommend they meet with an attorney who has experience negotiating with oil companies to ensure that the landowner receives fair compensation and to ensure that the oil company is responsible for any surface damages. Today there is enough money at stake that the landowner can have some negotiating power.

Keep in mind, in South Dakota we produce 1.6 million barrels of oil each year from about 150 wells; the same number of barrels are produced every two to three days in North Dakota.

That being said, if a landman were to approach a landowner about leasing their mineral rights for oil or gas, I recommend that the landowner ask to see the oil company’s proposal.

Q: What should landowners know if oil or gas reserves are discovered on their land? Max Main answers. Main is a natural resource and environmental lawyer and member of the law firm, Bennett, Main & Gubbrud, Belle Fourche, S.D.

Max Main

First, I want to say that I don’t believe landowners need to worry about fracking impacting their water supply. I’ve been working in this industry for 34 years and I have never heard of, nor have there been any

Each lease has three important terms: 1.The bonus the gas or oil company will pay the landowner is calculated as so many dollars per net mineral acre – this is a onetime payment; 2. The royalty is a percentage payment to the landowner based on production, if the company drills on their land; 3. The primary term, which is the initial length of the lease, usually three to five years.

To learn more, read the South Dakota Oil & Gas Development/Preparedness Executive Branch Work Groups “Summary of Findings” online at http://denr. sd.gov/documents/oilgasworkgroupsummary2012. pdf.


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‘Low-tech’ wheat losing acres to corn, soybeans By David Rookhuyzen for Land & Livestock

The state’s wheat industry is losing ground – literally – to other crops such as corn or soybeans Due to the grain’s market conditions, such as taboos about biotechnology, acres dedicated to wheat have steadily dropped across the state over the past three decades. Farmers are using that ground to plant more profitable row crops, such as corn and soybeans, which have fewer restrictions and offer higher yields.

According to statistics from the U.S. Department of Agriculture, wheat acreage for South Dakota declined by 1.2 million acres, or 28 percent, between 1981 and 2011. Spring wheat has been the hardest hit, losing half or 1.25 million acres over the same period and 2012 spring wheat planted acres are the lowest in state history. In comparison, corn acreage increased from 3.4 million to 5.2 million and soybean acreage went from 780,000 to 4.1 million during the same period of time.

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And the trend isn’t restricted to South Dakota. Total U.S. wheat acres plummeted from 88.3 million to 53.6 million, or 39 percent, in the last three decades. Corn grew by 4 million acres and soybeans by 10 million acres during that time. Randy Englund, the executive director of the South Dakota Wheat Commission, said the drop-off comes down to a technology disparity between wheat and row crops.

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The wheat industry generally has shied away from biotech because of market resistance to the idea. Unlike the row crops, with sizeable portions going to feed livestock, wheat is primarily consumed by humans, and there is some public trepidation about having genetically engineered wheat in bread, Englund said.

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That pressure has also kept most wheat research in the public sector, at universities and government facilities, and so few private companies have invested in wheat. That is also problematic because wheat’s genetic makeup is much more complex than corn or soybeans, making engineering more difficult, he said.

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Row crops have embraced biotechnology, with such innovations as herbicide-resistant “Roundup-ready” varieties, and those crops produce tremendous yields, he said.

Todd Yeaton, the manger of the South Dakota Wheat Growers Highmore grain facility, said another concern is because of exacting standards for protein, damage and vomitoxin, wheat is harder to market than other crops.

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Englund said, of course, farmers will follow the market and grow what’s more economically feasible, but genetically modifying wheat would help it “stay in the mix and advance.”

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If wheat is marketed as 12 to 14 percent protein, the mills won’t take it if it’s 11.9 percent, he said. Many are force to unload, re-blend, and reload trains to meet those standards, whereas corn and soybeans can be shipped as is, he said.

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Yeaton said he’s known farmers who held onto wheat for years because they couldn’t find a place that would take it.

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He said the best thing the wheat industry can do is simply let supply and demand take their course. Unlike soybeans and corn, wheat is grown globally and harvested every 60 days, meaning row crops are scarcer and pay better, he said. “We plant what we can make money on,” Yeaton said.


Dana Peterson, the CEO of the National Association of Wheat Growers, said she expects the slip in wheat acres to continue until the industry is able to bridge the technology gap to provide more benefits for both producers and consumers. She said for growers engineered wheat could mean healthier, plumper, more easily milled kernels and a greater yield per acre. For the consumer it means varieties that people who have celiac disease or gluten-intolerance can eat, or breeds that break down to nondigestible fibers rather than calories to help with obesity. However, Peterson said it could be 10 to 15 years before genetically modified wheat is available and publically accepted. A closer hope is advanced wheat breeding methods, which will speed up selecting for desired characteristics, she said. Bill Berzonsky, an associate professor at South Dakota State University and winter wheat breeder, is using some of those methods to develop varieties that are more drought-resistant and requires less nitrogen-

rich fertilizer. One technique is pollinating wheat with corn to essentially trick the plant into thinking it self-pollinated. The corn genes are rejected by the wheat, but Berzonsky is able to then duplicate the parent wheat chromosomes. The process halves the time to develop new wheat varieties and helps him select for traits he wants more effectively, he said.

A field of wheat is seen near Pierre recently.

(Lance Nixon/ Land and Livestock)

But he is also open to working with private companies to develop a better strain of wheat, whether by breeding or biotechnology. He said private cooperation is the best possible scenario for the end consumers, because they’ll have to work with public breeders to ensure safety while producing new varieties. “You don’t need to read the tea leaves too long to know there is an interest by private industry to work with public breeding programs to use these technologies and produce a product the end users want,” Berzonsky said.

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Agricultural wages competitive on North Plains

In this Aug. 19, 2008 file photo, a combine cuts durum near an oil well on Aug. 19, 2008, in Tioga, N.D. (AP Photo/James MacPherson, file)

18 | Land & Livestock | December 20, 2012

By Lance Nixon for Land & Livestock

What does the presence of all that oil mean for the average worker in North Dakota, compared to the ag worker doing the very same job down here in, say, South Dakota, Wyoming or Nebraska? Not very much. Though conventional wisdom suggests North Dakota is siphoning off available labor from other states and other fields of work to the North Dakota oil fields, the evidence from wage studies suggests that it’s not a large factor on ag wages. South Dakota and Montana still outpay North Dakota for some ag jobs. Bureau of Labor Statistics’ data from its Occupational Employment Statistics office shows that in

May 2011, the most recent date for which its most detailed data are available, North Dakota paid an annual mean wage of $38,870, compared to $35,390 in South Dakota.

engineer” are jobs that earn $176,910 and $109,060, respectively, in North Dakota, but there aren’t even data for those jobs in South Dakota – an indication of what isn’t going on in the South Dakota economy.

But North Dakota doesn’t lead in every category, and in some categories there isn’t even enough information to make a comparison – including some jobs that are highly in demand in the oil patch.

Though some South Dakotans hope that oil reserves may one day be found beneath South Dakota, so far the most serious effect that oil has on the South Dakota economy might be the unseen tug, like gravity, that North Dakota’s oil patch exerts on wages. Conventional wisdom says that’s what’s driving North Dakota wages higher even in fields not directly related to oil production as companies compete for labor; and it’s at least a factor that employers in states such as South Dakota are taking into consideration.

“Rotary drill operators, oil and gas, they’re making $66,000 in North Dakota. We don’t even have an estimate for them in South Dakota,” says economist Ben Cover of the Occupational Employment Statistics office. “One explanation may be that there just aren’t that many of them in South Dakota.” Similarly, “petroleum engineer” and “chemical

Brian Minish, one of the board members for South Dakota Pulse Processors, a start-up company that


wants to build a processing plant at Harrold, S.D., said the greater ease in attracting labor is one good reason to place the pulse plant in South Dakota rather than North Dakota. “It would definitely be a higher wage rate if we were up there competing with the oil companies,” Minish said. Minish is right. Data from the Occupational Employment Statistics office showed North Dakota firms were paying graders and sorters of agricultural products about $29,330 a year, or an hourly wage of just over $14, compared to $24,940 in South Dakota. Yet South Dakota Pulse Processors is already anticipating paying a similar wage because some central South Dakota ag processors already pay in that same neighborhood. In Nebraska the pay for such work is slightly lower – $22,270. Agricultural equipment operators also do better in North Dakota than in South Dakota – $30,550 compared to $28,070 south of the border. But in Nebraska workers filling those positions earn a better wage still, at $32,970.

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More Information

Here’s a comparison of North Dakota and South Dakota annual mean wages for selected occupations using Bureau of Labor Statistics’ data from its Occupational Employment Statistics office. The figures are from May 2011, the most recent date for which its most detailed data are available: • Computer programmer: North Dakota, $51,810; South Dakota, $52,820. • Surveyor: North Dakota, $48,980; South Dakota, $53,160. • Agricultural engineer: North Dakota, $67,170; South Dakota, $57,620. • Chemist: North Dakota, $67,860; South Dakota, $50,920. • Pharmacy technicians: North Dakota, $31,900; South Dakota, $28,900. • Waiters and waitresses: North Dakota, $19,470; South Dakota, $18,480. • Dental assistant: North Dakota, $34,500; South Dakota, $29,020. • Retail salesperson: North Dakota, $27,840; South Dakota, $24,860. • Teacher assistant: North Dakota, $26,090; South Dakota, $22,150. • Librarian: North Dakota, $44,960; South Dakota, $38,950. • School administrators, elementary & secondary: North Dakota, $73,920; South Dakota, $69,610.


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20 | Land & Livestock | December 20, 2012

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In this Oct. 7, 2012, photo, corn stover bales dot a harvested corn field on County Home Road in Linn County west of Whittier, Iowa. (AP Photo/Cedar Rapids

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Farmworkers who work with crops, nurseries or greenhouses earn $23,960 in North Dakota, compared to $21,860 in South Dakota. Montana pays $24,820 for such work, outpacing both the Dakotas, while the pay is nearly as good – $24,700 – in Wyoming. Nebraska once again leads area states by paying $26,960. The data show farm workers who deal with farm, ranch or aquaculture animals earn the most in Wyoming among regional states, $33,430, followed by South Dakota, where the same positions earn about $25,270 a year. That compares to $20,190 in North Dakota and $24,940 in Montana. In Nebraska it’s $22,430. The Bureau of Labor Statistics’ Occupational Employment Statistics office will issue new numbers in early 2013.


Rising farm land prices lead to sustainable lending approach Rising land prices and continuing volatility of commodity prices top the list of financial planning factors for farmers to consider as the beginning of another year approaches. “Farmland price increases are on a par with the most dramatic seen in the last 50 years,” observes Bill Davis, chief credit officer with Farm Credit Services of America (FCSAmerica). “The prices farmland is bringing clearly reflect the buyers’ view that returns over variable

to 300 percent during five- and 10year timeframes – are driven by three factors: strong domestic and export demand for commodities, historically low interest rates, and very strong net farm income from cropping enterprises.

costs will stay high and interest rates will stay low.” FCSAmerica is the leading agricultural lender in its four-state area, which includes Iowa, Nebraska, South Dakota and Wyoming. The financial services cooperative has assets of $18 billion and more than 60,000 customer/stockholders.

Reversal anticipated “We believe at least two of these three

factors will reverse over the next three to five years,” Davis explains. “The most likely event is a significant reduction in net farm profit levels as we see supplies respond to higher demand levels for commodities. Interest rates also are likely to increase eventually, making alternative investments more attractive than they have been recently.

Davis says the current large increases in farmland prices – in the range of 200

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“In short, over the long term farmers won’t be as profitable as they have been and that will affect the prices they are willing to pay for farmland,” Davis notes. Even if farmland prices do drop somewhat in the future, Davis says his company believes most producers are in a position to weather a moderate decline. “Most of the farmland value increases we’ve seen over the past seven years appear to be supported by long-term domestic and world demand for agricultural commodities, ” he says. “Most buyers are farmers and they generally are in a very strong financial position. They have made these purchases with relatively modest financial leverage.”

“farmland price increases are on a par with the most Sustainable lending dramatic seen in the last 50 years. the prices farmland is strategy bringing clearly reflect the buyers’ view that returns over To manage the financial risks variable costs will stay high and interest rates will stay associated with rising land prices and expected commodity low,” price volatility, FCSAmerica is still very active but has taken a conservative approach to real estate lending.

“Since 2008, when we began to see these escalating farmland market prices, we’ve used a risk management strategy that includes a cap on the amount we will loan for land purchases,” Davis explains. “The caps are part of our ‘sustainable lending strategy.’ They apply to 11 cropland zones in Iowa, Nebraska and South Dakota. Lending limits in the zones range from $5,900 per acre in northern Iowa to $2,000 an

Bill Davis, chief credit officer with Farm Credit Services of America

acre in western Nebraska.”

investment.

Davis gives this northern Iowa example of how the caps are derived:

“Using these assumptions, we see a return to real estate of $320-$350 per acre,” he says. “The sustainable market value of the land would be $9,000 per acre. We would lend up to 65 percent of that, or $5,900 per acre.”

• Assume a 200-bushel-peracre corn yield and a $4.50 per-bushel price. • Estimate costs based on the benchmark Iowa State University variable and fixed-cost budgets. • Assume a 3.5 percent capitalization rate, or return on

Davis says FCSAmerica’s current strategy is not intended to be permanent. “Our goal is to return to more traditional loan to market value controls after profit margins normalize and

farmland values stabilize,” he adds. “Customer reaction has been supportive. No one wants overextended credit,” Davis adds. “They appreciate being counseled to approach land purchases from a position of financial strength. We assist our customers in managing risk by limiting lending and their debt services obligations to a level that can be supported by cash rent plus a normalized profit margin. “

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Extension estate planning and farm transition conferences set Brookings, S.D. - Brookings will be the site for a series of SDSU Extension training sessions which will focus on estate planning.

person. Registration is required by December 20, 2012. The registration form and more information can be found at www.igrow.org.

Sustaining the Legacy conferences also help people who seek transition of their farm or ranch from one family member to another.

“Each session is filled with important information that can help farm and ranch families address questions they may face as parents or grandparents get older and consider their legacy,” said Gessner, who is organizing the conferences. “Producers have told me that the value of this program was $1 million, due to the changes they made to their estate plan and the reduction of potential estate taxes.”

Extension staff and industry professionals will help participants develop the tools they need in order to face estateplanning challenges with less stress. The sessions will be hosted in Brookings- January 3, 4, 10 and 11, 2013- Days Inn, 2500 6th St. The training costs $75 per

Each day of the four-day program is full of tools and howto information families can use to create and implement their

individualized plan, no matter how big or small the operation. Topics for the sessions cover communication styles, business structures, goals, asset distribution, wills and probate, retirement planning and funding, fair versus equal distribution, tax implications for the operation, life insurance, long-term care insurance, trusts, and other topics as determined by the audiences. Many of the past participants have utilized the information from the conference to reduce potential estate taxes and ensure that their operation is passed down to the next generation in a smooth, hassle free transition,” Gessner said. All family members are encouraged to attend the sessions.

Both on- and off-farm heirs are invited to learn about the tools and participate in the discussions. “Past participants have used this conference to interview attorneys and insurance agents while they are presenting the basics of using the many tools available to them,” Gessner said. “If you are making plans to retire or becoming a partner in the operation, or if you own farm or ranch assets, this program is a great start for you. Our goal is to give you the tools to develop your estate plan and the motivation to get started, combined with some gentle nudging that keeps you moving forward with the process.” Partial funding for this pro-

gram is provided by the South Dakota Soybean Research and Promotion Council. “SDR&PC is proud to be one of the sponsors for this year’s estate planning workshops. With rising land values and profit margins, estate planning has never been more important,” said Doug Hanson, a SDSRPC board member and a past participant of the conference. “My wife and I have attended these workshops in the past and have found them very informative.” Date, location and registration information can be found online at www.igrow.org by calling Heather Gessner 605782-3290 or by contacting one of the regional extension centers.

34th Ranchers Workshop is Jan. 15

24 | Land & Livestock | December 20, 2012

The 34th Ranchers Workshop for southcentral South Dakota is set for Tuesday, Jan. 15, at the White River Events Center. Registration is at 9 a.m. and the program starts at 9:45 a.m. This Ranchers Workshop is usually a little different in the fact that the speakers’ agenda is framed like a four-spoked wagon wheel, focusing on production, natural resources, family and finance.

property to stay in agricultural production for generations to come. Jolene will facilitate a discussion that includes an accountant, an attorney and a financial adviser during the afternoon session and will also field questions from the audience.

The Ranchers Workshop alternates between Mission and White River every other year, serving an audience from a five-county area as well as some folks from other parts of South Dakota and Nebraska.

This year’s event is hosted by several local businesses and private individuals. The event is coordinated by the Mellette and Todd County Conservation Districts, the Natural Resources Conservation Service, the Mellette-Todd County Farm Service Agency, the South Central Resource Conservation and Development Council, and the Rosebud Extension Office.

This year’s keynote speaker, Jolene Brown, is well-versed in understanding how to transition an ag operation to the next generation and the prior planning involved. Producers are encouraged to attend this workshop if they want their

The Ranchers Workshops has an area set up for vendors to share information. Among the vendors that typically attend are those specializing in grasslands, natural resources, animal health and home care and health.

If you can dream it, Morton Buildings can build it

Have a Very Special Holiday Season from all of us at Morton Buildings Give us a call at

605-886-2228 today. www.mortonbuildings.com

XNLV64215


CLASSIFIED MARKETPLACE 010

To Give Away

FREE NORDIC Track ACT Elliptical Exercise machine, barely used. Call 605-222-8070.

050

$100 or Less

18” PRETTY red large berry wreath. Excellent condition. $10. Call 605-224-8468 or 605-280-0788.

TO GIVE away: 1 year old rabbit, black & white 8! BEAUTIFUL artificial in color, one black eye, Christmas tree and all one blue. 605-222-4430 the matching gold deco-

020

Lost & Found

FOUND: FEMALE Long haired, gray/white/orange, declawed, litterboxed trained, Cat, in 1000 S. Cleveland area. Call Lora 605-201-1637.

LOST: MENS brown trifold wallet on 12/16 in or around Dairy Queen during noon hour. $20 reward. Call 605-224-2613.

035

Notices

STEVE NOBLE, we have the boxes of books in our garage. Please contact us about getting them back. 605-222-8420.

We need it! You have it! Sell it today, 224-7301

APPLE I-POD Nano 2nd Generation, 4 GB, Pink, including car charger, USB cord, arm band & covers works excellent, $65. Call after 5:30 605-224-7607

BRAND NEW Christmas dinnerware; 6 boxes never opened. Each box has a set of four dinner plates, salad plates, cups and bowls in pretty tree pattern. Make an offer. Call 605-224-8468 or 605-280-0788.

BRAND NEW insulated Carhartt overalls with leg zippers, size 38x38. $60. Call 605-223-2303 or 605-280-3251.

DINNING ROOM tables, $10. Call

$100 or Less

COLLECTIBLE MILK glass for sale. Fenton Silver Crest, Fenton Hobnail & other pieces. $3-$20 each. 605-220-1575

COLLECTIBLE VINTAGE dolls from 1950s & 1960s. Chatty Kathy, Tiny Tears, large fashion dolls. $20 each. Call 605-220-1575.

FOR SALE: UBEE Wireless High speed modem. Just switched Internet service from Midco to Verizon. Cost new $110, asking $50. Call 605-224-1462 after 6pm.

HP OFFICE Jet 6300 all-in-one printer, scanner, fax, copier. Includes new package of black & color ink, works excellent, $70 .Call after 5:30. 605-224-7607

LINKSYS BY Cisco Wireless-N Broadband Router Model #WRT160N in Excellent condition. $50. Call after 5:30, 605-224-7607

050

$100 or Less

LOST: ONE black Samsung cell phone, possibly while sledding at Hilgers Gulch on or around Dec. 9. Call 605-280-7917

050

NEW HALLMARK holiday treat jar with tag still attached. $5. (Was $12.95 new). Call 605-224-8468 or 605-280-0788.

SOLID WOOD Oriental carved chairs, padded seats, good condition. $20 each. Call 605-280-9090.

RESTAURANT GRADE china, buffalo ware, 12 pieces, $7. Call 605-280-9090. SET OF four pretty nesting Currier & Ives tins. Each tin has a season picture. Great for storing holiday baking. $10 for the set. Call 605-224-8468 or 605-280-0788.

080 Cars

YAMAHA PSR-31 electronic keyboard, 61 keys. Stand included. $30. 605-494-0312 or FOR SALE: 1998 Olds 616-460-8539.

060 NEW HALLMARK holiday treat jar with tag still attached. $5. (Was $12.95 new). Call 605-224-8468 or 605-280-0788.

$100 or Less

For Sale

1830 CASE Skidloader with buckets & fork, $6,500. For more information, Call Randy at 605-224-8750.

FOR SALE: Chickens. Processed, Cleaned, and ready to go. Call 605-280-8141.

REMODELING SALE Black appliances Side by Side Whirlpool Refrigerator: Water & Ice in door, $400. Maytag smooth top electric stove, $300. Maytag built-in dishwasher, $100. Exhaust hood, $25. Oak glass inlayed hanging ceiling light fixture, $75. All in Very good working condition. Call 605-222-3625.

062 Sporting Goods

PHEASANT HUNTING LAND WANTED!

SONY DVD/CD w/reOct. 26-28, 2013 ceiver, six speaker surUnguided, enough round sound system inhuntable area for 8 MOVIES FOR sale. cludes remote, cable atHunters with dogs. tachments & manual. DVDs, $3 each. VHS, Call David at $1.50 each. Some new. Excellent condition.

612-859-9138

Silhouette Mini Van. Looks and runs good, everything works, 132,000 miles, $3,000. Call 605-945-0311, 2106 Stratford Pl., Pierre.

082

110 Household Pets LAB PUPS pointing started, 14 weeks old. AKC, dewclawed, black, male, $200. 605-480-2669.

LABS PUPS, pointing, AKC, shots, dewclawed, black & yellow, $400. Chocolate, $500. 605-480-2669.

Trucks

FOR SALE or Trade: 2008 GMC 2500 HD Crew SLT Duramax. Loaded with Navigation, new tires, 44k, $37,900 and a 2004 Americamp 32’ 5th-wheel. Deluxe package Triple slide out, electric fireplace $18,900. Just in time to head south for the winter. Package deal $55,000 Call 605-224-2569 after 5pm or leave message.

PAWS ANIMAL RESCUE has Blondie: a 1 year old, spayed, female, cream & tan, Shepherd mix dog. Call 605-223-CATS or visit www.pets4adoption.org

PAWS ANIMAL RESCUE has Boise: a 10 month old, neutered male, tri colored, Shepherd-mix dog. Call 605-223-CATS or visit www.pets4adoption.org

PAWS ANIMAL RESCUE has Vixon: a 3 year old, neutered, RV’s & 100 Campers male, orange, tabby, cat. Call 605-223-CATS 1985 WINNEBAGO Leor visit www.pets4adopSharo, many new items, runs great, under tion.org 46,000, new breaks, new cooling fan, new laboratory faucets. $4400 OBO. Call 605-863-0150.

Choose Capital Journal Classifieds

CHOOSE RESULTS.

Wanted to 120 Buy

Rent: 180 Commercial

FOR RENT 40x40 commerical/ warehouse space. Heated, cooled; floor drain with pit; hot & cold running water; large overhead door, walk-in door. Located on Airport Rd. near Walmart. Call 605-222-8280 or 605-222-8283. For Sale: 240 Commercial

FOR SALE: Now is the chance to buy a well established & successful business in the State Capitol of S.D. The Longbranch is for SALE (serious inquires only). Call Russell Spaid 605-280-1067. 280 Help Wanted

WW TIRE Fort Pierre

LOOKING FOR Delivery/Truck Driver.

LOOKING FOR a Small wood burning For in State routes. stove with Chimney on Requires Class B top. Please call CDL, will be Home 605-280-8141 every night. Contact Got Real Estate to sell? Call

Fort Pierre WW Tire

December 20, 2012 | Land & Livestock | 25

MISSING? IF your cat, dog or other pet is missing, please call 605-224-1075 to see if they are at the pound.

rations including 120 gold glitter balls, gold ribbon, gold bows, etc. Tree only two years old. Make an offer. Call 605-224-8468 or 605-280-0788.

050


280 Help Wanted

WW TIRE in Pierre is seeking Secretarial Position. M-F, Full-time, DOE. Contact Larry

605-628-2501

280 Help Wanted

FT/PT DIRECT SUPPORT PROFESSIONALS

280 Help Wanted

280 Help Wanted

NEED FIREWOOD FOR THOSE COLD DAYS? Call 605-280-8141.

Assist people with disabilities to participate in daily activities at home, at work and in the community. Flexible schedules available. Apply on line at www.oaheinc.com or please pick up an application at: OAHE, Inc., 125 W. Pleasant, Suite # 1 Pierre, SD 57501 EOE

WANTED EMPLOYEE for general farm & feedlot work. Like new John Deere machinery. Person must be looking for longterm work. Top pay with extras & insurance.

Call 605-380-1883 or 605-266-2790.

280 Help Wanted

280 Help Wanted

COUNTER SALES Pierre

Toby has firewood!

Do you want to help make a difference in somebody’s life?

26 | Land & Livestock | December 20, 2012

280 Help Wanted

Warehouse Position Opening Runnings Farm & Fleet is a fast growing company with 31 retail stores in the Midwest and 2 distribution centers. We are looking for energetic individuals to join our existing warehouse team at our Pierre Distribution Center. If you have a positive attitude and enjoy working in a team environment, we would like to talk to you about a full time or part time career opportunity. Some responsibilities of this position include merchandise distribution and quantity verifications while practicing safety in the workplace. Prior experience in warehouse operations and computer knowledge is preferred. Runnings offer a comparable benefit package to our full time employees as well as employee discounts. Applications are available at:

Runnings Farm & Fleet 3605 E. Airport Road Pierre, SD

We are seeking applicants for a challenging sales position at Dakota Supply Group in Pierre. Basic knowledge of electrical and/or plumbing/HVAC products and supplies is desired. Competitive compensation and excellent benefits. Send cover letter and resume to: DSG Regional Manager 15 North Kline Street Aberdeen, SD 57401 or email: hr@dsginc.biz.

280 Help Wanted

Is there OLD Farm Equipment sitting around your home? Call 605-224-7301 today & advertise in our monthly publication,

Land & Livestock

Know how f ar technology c a n t ake you?

Runnings is an Equal Opportunity Employer

Retail Sales O pportunities Then you want a career with AT&T. On the front lines in our Retail stores, 100% customer satisfaction is your job, and we make it easy with the coolest, most advanced communications and entertainment products anywhere. If you know sales and love technology, take a look and discover amazing training and benefits – not to mention the real career potential only a company with our history can offer. How far will you go with AT&T? Join us as a FULL TIME or PART-TIME RETAIL SALES CONSULTANT at our Pierre Store.

Diversity is the AT&T way of standing apart. Equal Opportunity Employer. © 2012 AT&T Intellectual Property. All rights reserved. AT&T and the AT&T logo are trademarks of AT&T Intellectual Property.


SDSU wants corn growers to participate in rootworm research

“It should be noted that not all problem fields are reported; therefore, it is difficult to quantify whether these are isolated instances or represent a potential broader scale occurrence,” Szczepaniec said. “In those fields that have been investigated, resistance to Bt hybrids has not been confirmed yet, and we will work to collect data to test this next year.” She adds that fields with a history of at least three years of continuous corn with the same Bt hybrid are at the greatest risk of having Bt-resistant populations of corn rootworms. “Corn rootworm issues in fields planted with Bt-corn hybrids have been getting a fair amount of attention in the Midwest and Northern Plains. Because South Dakota has a substantial diversity of soil types and growing

conditions, it is likely that the severity of corn rootworm issues varies significantly within the state,” she said. Szczepaniec calls upon South Dakota corn growers to help collect the needed data by filling out a short, Online survey which SDSU Extension staff will use to develop research-based recommendations to aid the state’s corn growers deal with this pest. “The survey will take only a minute or two to complete, and it will provide us with invaluable information on the needs of corn producers in the state. Knowledge of the locations and scope of corn rootworm issues will enable us to prepare customized extension resources based on specific needs of the corn producers in the state,” Szczepaniec said. To complete the survey, please click on the link below: https://www.surveymonkey.com/s/CRWinSouthDakota. To read Szczepaniec’s article on corn rootworm resistance in South Dakota visit iGrow.org/agronomoy/ corn and click on the pests tab. To contact Szczepaniec e-mail her at adrianna.szczepaniec@sdstate.edu or call, 605-688-6854.

In this Wednesday, Aug. 8 file photo, a dry corn field receives some rain from a passing thunderstorm near Blair, Neb. (Associated Press)

servicing your GROWING needs

A full service John Deere Dealer

XNLV60193

WWW.GROSSENBURG.COM

PHILIP, SD 605-859-2636

BLOOMFIELD, NE 402-373-4449

LAUREL, NE 402-256-3221

PIERRE, SD 605-224-1631

HARTINGTON, NE 402-254-3908

WAYNE, NE 402-375-3325

WINNER, SD 605-842-2040

December 20, 2012 | Land & Livestock | 27

All of us at each Grossenburg Implement location would like to thank our customers and friends for a prosperous year. We wish you all a Happy Holiday and Wonderful New Year to come…

XNLV58968

Brookings, S.D. - To date, data from South Dakota indicates that Bt-corn fields are showing unexpected corn rootworm damage in the vicinity of Lake Campbell, Bruce, Milbank, Baltic, and Colman, reports Ada Szczepaniec, Assistant Professor and SDSU Extension Entomologist in a recent iGrow.org article.


&

Merry christmas 2TKB-7

2012 Chevrolet Tahoe L TZ WAS $63,600

SALE $57,118

SHOPPING SPREE $400 2TV14

2012 Chevrolet Suburban LT WAS $57,350

SALE $50,753

SHOPPING SPREE $400 2KCT3

2012 Cadillac CTS Performance WAS $52,124

SALE $46,615

SHOPPING SPREE $400 2CT7

2012 Chevrolet Colorado LT WAS $31,205

SALE $29,176

SHOPPING SPREE $400

2KT3

2012 Cadillac Escalade EXT WAS $71,250

SALE $63,414

SHOPPING SPREE $400

Happy New Year FROM EVERYONE AT BECK MOTOR COMPANY!

These 2012’s

MUST GO! 2S9

2KCT2

2TRV52

WAS $18,155

WAS $47,685

WAS $38,195

SHOPPING SPREE $400

2012 Chevrolet Sonic LT

2012 Cadillac CTS Luxury

2012 Chevrolet Traverse

SALE $34,712

SALE $17,214

SALE $42,474

SHOPPING SPREE $400

SHOPPING SPREE $400

2CN24

2012 Chevrolet Malibu LS

2012 Chevrolet Colorado LT

2012 Chevrolet Impala

SALE $19,604

SALE $27,869

SALE $26,350

2CT9

2CL9

WAS $32,180

WAS $23,225

WAS $30,365

SHOPPING SPREE $400

SHOPPING SPREE $400

SHOPPING SPREE $400

2KCT1

2S2

2CT3

WAS $46,690

WAS $17,890

WAS $31,525

2012 Cadillac CTS Luxury

SALE $41,590

SHOPPING SPREE $400

2TKB2

2012 Chevrolet Tahoe

2012 Chevrolet Sonic LT

SALE $16,531

SHOPPING SPREE $400 2SLK58

2012 Chevrolet Silverado 1500 LT Rocky Ridge Conversion pkg WAS $55,477

WAS $53,140

SALE $46,885

SHOPPING SPREE $400

SALE $42,925

2012 Chevrolet Colorado LT

SALE $29,455

SHOPPING SPREE $400

2CN23

2012 Chevrolet Malibu WAS $23,225

SALE $19,604

SHOPPING SPREE $400

SHOPPING SPREE $400

28 | Land & Livestock | December 20, 2012

SMART CHOICE AWARD – LOWEST COST OF OWNERSHIP

2013 SILVERADO ½ TON CREW CABS • $400 SHOPPING SPREE 3SLK52 • 3SLK50 • 3SLK60 • 3SLK57 • 3SLK53 • 3SLK66 • 3SLK31 •

2013 2013 2013 2013 2013 2013 2013

Chevy Silverado 1500 LT ......................... WAS $38,755 Chevy Silverado 1500 LT ......................... WAS $38,755 Chevy Silverado 1500 LT........................ WAS$38,755 Chevy Silverado 1500 LT ......................... WAS $39,125 Chevy Silverado 1500 LT ......................... WAS $39,125 Chevy Silverado 1500 LT ......................... WAS $39,510 Chevy Silverado 1500 LT ........................ WAS $39,520

• • • • • • •

SALE $31,587 SALE $31,587 SALE $31,587 SALE $31,916 SALE $31,916 SALE $37,510 SALE $32,266

3SLK29 • 3SLK42 • 3SLK35 • 3SLK38 • 3SLK41 • 3SLK28 • 3SLK32 •

2013 Chevy Silverado 1500 LT ....................... WAS $39,520 2013 Chevy Silverado 1500 LT ...................WAS $39,520 2013 Chevy Silverado 1500 LT ...................WAS $39,520 2013 Chevy Silverado 1500 LT ...................WAS $41,150 2013 Chevy Silverado 1500 LT ....................WAS $41,150 2013 Chevy Silverado 1500 LT ....................WAS $41,150 2013 Chevy Silverado 1500 LT ....................WAS $41,340

• • • • • • •

SALE $32,266 SALE $32,266 SALE $32,266 SALE $33,714 SALE $33,714 SALE $33,714 SALE $33,883

Chevy Runs Deep

www.beck-motors.com 605.224.5912 | 1.888.232.5687

1905 N. GARFIELD • PIERRE, SD *Shopping sprees are in-house – parts, accessories, pro shop, service. Work to be completed by 12/31/12. Customer may choose first months payment, up to shopping spree amount, in lieu of shopping XNLV65351 spree.


Land and Livestock December