Senior Armana Chadha demonstrates a traditional Indian dance called Garba, which is popular at special celebrations, during the South Asian Association performance at the Multicultural assembly on Friday, March 4. “Dance is something very popular in my culture. It’s a way for people to express themselves and also create a festive mood to any special occasion. SAA represents all South Asian cultures. It feels good when you hear people cheer for and compliment you, because you know that people have an appreciation for your culture.” Armana Chadha, 12
Walnut High School Walnut, CA Volume 48 Issue 5 March 10, 2016 www.whshoofprint.com
PHOTO BY ELAINE LIU
mission We, the Hoofprint staff, strive to inform the student body in an accurate, timely and objective manner. While we take responsibility for the legitimacy of our reporting, we also recognize the freedom of the press and speech given to us under California Education Code 48907. We seek to reflect the diversity of the school and to be an open forum that encourages student expression and discussion. Through our coverage, we hope to represent the distinct character of the Walnut community.
Table of contents 3
INVESTIGATIVE REPORTING | The Hoofprint staff investigates how pop culture affects the student body.
OPINION | When offered two types of sex education, students are better prepared through a comprehensive style of learning.
Editors-in-Chief: Cherie Chu, Eric Peng, Jo Ann Sun, Brian Wu
FEATURE | Senior Justin Yan describes his experience living with diabetes.
Manager: Olivia Chiang Copy Editor: Lisa Shen Photo Editors: Emily Chen, Sajid Iqbal
IN-DEPTH | This issue examines the different religious beliefs practiced on campus and their impact on student lives.
Business Managers: Anita Chuen, Jeffrey Tran Feature Editors: Caroline Huang, Nikita Patel Opinion Editors: Sophia Ding, Sabrina Wan In-Depth Editors: Alison Chang, Vivian Lee Investigative Reporting Editors: Albert Law, Casey Lee Arts Editors: Airi Gonzalez, Joshua Shen Scene Editors: Michelle Chang, Anita Chuen Sports Editors: Jeffrey Tran, Bryan Wong Staff writers: Florence Ao, Kevin Arifin, Angela Cao, Anabelle Chang, Crystal
LONGFORM | Students share their experiences in dealing with depression.
Chang, Amber Chen, Brian Chen, Emily Chen, Kelly Chen, Jocelyn Chow, Samuel Compolongo, Haixin Guo, Emi Hays, Brian Honng, Jessica Huang, Justin Jiang, Natalie Jiang, Melissa Kim, Austin Lam, Julie Lee, Phillip Leung, Annie Li, Doris Li, Ashley Lin, Eunice Lin, Serena Lin, Elaine Liu, Jonathan Liu, Amy Lo, Jason Luna, Isabella Pollalis, Amanda Taing, Athena Tang, Sean Wang, Brandon Win,
Megan Wu, Aaron Yong, Anna Yu, Yolanda Yu, Angela Zhang, Laura Zhang, Richard Zhang, Maxwell Zhu Adviser: Rebecca Chai
contact For business/ad inquiries, email email@example.com Walnut High School 400 N. Pierre Rd. Walnut, CA 91789 (909) 594-1333 x34251
www.whshoofprint.com @WalnutHS_News @WalnutHS_Sports @whspublications
ARTS | Four artists share their talents and break down their crafts.
SCENE | Over spring break, add to your Instagram feeds with these aesthetic photo opportunities.
SPORTS | Students break down the anatomy of an athlete and how their bodies offer competitive advantages.
What’s in your closet?
Follow the Trends Here are some important topics that have influenced pop culture in the last four years.
Students who have different fashion styles talk about why they choose to wear certain attire. From left to right: Michael Villanueva 12, Valierie Peh 9, Steven Sakamoto 10, Michael Hoffmeyer 10, Daniel Gomez 12, Matthew Basbas 10, Amber Liew 11, Caitlin Coscolluela 12, Jacqueline Merino 9
COMPILED BY ANGELA CAO, EMILY CHEN, CASEY LEE AND ALBERT LAW
“I usually just wear jeans and a nice shirt, and sometimes I throw in a button up. If it’s not jeans, its shorts.” Daniel Gomez 12
‘I dress for myself and not for other people. [I dress with] vivid colors and not plain to show that I have a fun personality.” Valerie Peh 9
“I’m really street fashion. It’s interesting to see what comes and what’s new and how I can incorporate it in my fashion.” Caitlin Coscolluela 12
2 0 1 2
The Dark Knight Rises
2 0 1 3
2 0 1 4
2 0 1 5
Gross net: $448,130,642 from July 20- Dec. 7
Upload rate of videos of 4000 per day. Original over 1.21 billion views within 3 months.
Ice Bucket Challenge 17 million people participated and raised approximately $115 million.
League of Legends World Championships In four weeks over 334 Million viewers streamed online.
COMPILED BY CASEY LEE
Nothin’ but a brand name Seniors Ashley Gonzales, Dat Le, Alison Chang and Henry Tang show off the brands on their outfits: Supreme, Adidas, Nike and more.
HYPED UP(left to right) | Supreme Summer Spring 15’ Athletic Split Crewneck, Adidas Condivo 12 Sweats, Nike SB Empire Jacket Adidas Y3 Yohji Yamamoto Boosts, Micheal Kors Handbag
Student Statisitics Student on Pop Culture Perspectives A 237-person survey shows how popular culture shapes the way students spend, listen to music and more.
What genres of music do students at Walnut listen to the most?
54% 35% 48%41% 23% 9% 37% 17%
COMPILED BY CASEY LEE, AMY LO AND AMANDA TAING
“I think fashion trends are important in fashion, especially in media, because it puts some excitement in the fashion world and a guide for people in the industry to continue to develop their Hillary Nguyen, brands, and for people, I think fashion trends are just good for inspiration.” 12
Micheal Hoffmeier, 9
How much do students spend on clothes in a month? $150-190
Student are asked about their aspects on clothing trends.
Do students follow top trends in music, video games or clothing?
From what sources do students receive news?
74% News Site
“It is Yeezy season and people got to wear their brands of clothes. Trends depend on the person. [Trends] are a good thing for me, it lets you speak out your personality. You can see people’s personality through their clothing without them talking about it. I normally like to wear shorts and a shirt and that’s it.”
Teacher Q&A Teachers share their thoughts on how pop culture affects students. COMPILED BY CASEY LEE, AMY LO AND MEGAN WU
Q: How does pop culture affect the way students speak and act? “Teens are always making up new words. I used to use certain words in high school. It is always temporary, it’s a secret code teens like to use, it doesn’t have a profound meaning. ”
Jerry Knox | Human Geography and Economics
18% How long do students spend on their free time on a daily basis?
19% 5+ hours 8% < 1 hour
“Students are very much in tune and aware of what is popular or trendy or the latest fad. Teenagers certainly look up to cultural icons or people who are thought to be or known to be influential in culture.” So Hee Tan | English teacher
“My students are affected in a sense. Well sometimes they use their phones to answer questions or do research, [but] a lot of times [they use it] if they have a blank space or moment in their life. “ Kathy May | Environmental Science and Biology
It’s a small world—or so we think. We, at the Hoofprint, realize a lot of our time is preoccupied with school and extracurricular activities, so we rarely venture out of the city unless on vacation. More often than not, we’re usually at home, in school, or at Starbucks in the
An educational balancing act
Village. We’re a homogeneous community. Most of us follow the same path: we grow up here, attend a nearby middle school, trudge through four years on these campus grounds and then move on—whether we leave for good or stay close, we have all experienced the Walnut Bubble. This so-called Walnut Bubble is the product of years of staying off the radar. The suburbs are fairly quiet,
Schools should strike a balance between regulation of fair labor practices and the protection of students’ learning experience.
and there isn’t much trouble stirring. Consequently, we’ve created a thin shield protecting us from rest of the world. And like a bubble, it’s transparent; we can see through it, and the outside can see us, but the intangible film isolates us from and even distorts our perception of reality. The Walnut Bubble and its impression of safety, in some ways, limit our ability to identify wholeheartedly with the world’s harsh realities.
PHOTO BY JEFFREY TRAN
Oftentimes we get our news online or on the T.V. The hit-and-runs, thefts and drug busts shown on KTLA are far away, and the physical and emotional distances between us (those protected courtesy of the Walnut Bubble) and those afflicted are great enough for us not to be personally affected by these incidents. Thus, we generally aren’t as sensitive to “breaking” news, as we are rarely victims. We’re used to seeing unfamiliar names on news sites about such incidents. Because of indirect desensitization, we are unaware of how to act when we are the ones hurt. When it’s a friend or a family member who is suffering a tragedy, we are shocked, but it’s easier for us to sympathize than to empathize. And so in light of recent events, we grieve as a community. With solidarity and mutual support, we need to realize that we, too, are part of the “real world.” So is the Walnut Bubble merely an illusion? Perhaps not, but the partition is fragile like a bubble’s, and it definitely isn’t as impenetrable as we thought it was.
HOW TO GET YOUR OPINIONS PUBLISHED: 1. Type a reply to an article or situation on campus and email it to firstname.lastname@example.org, or draw a sample comic or political cartoon in black ink and turn it in to Ms. Chai in D-1. 2. Include your name, grade, first period class, and phone number. (Anonymous letters won’t be published.)
Sophia Ding Opinion editor The legal definition of tenure is simple: status granted to an employee, usually after a probationary period, indicating that the position or employment is permanent. However, students mostly think of tenure as a way for old, lazy teachers to keep their jobs without actually teaching their students. Though there are regulations governing the loss of tenure, it happens rarely. It’s an intricate, delicate process that is designed to be difficult to implement due to its nature. The intent of tenure is to protect academic freedom in the face of administrative and cultural biases, and the difficulty of dismissing a professor based on academic work can be illustrated by the case of the Scopes trial in the 1920s, which highlighted the need to protect the ability of teachers to cover controversial material in the face of opposition from cultural attitudes and biases. It grants assurances to educators that they need not censor or modify their curriculum in order to appease either their employers or the educational administration. This ensures the continued progress of the arts and sciences.
Tenure significantly strengthens legal protections embodied in civil service, civil rights and labor laws by shifting to the employer the burden to prove the termination is justified. Moshe Marvit, a labor and civil rights attorney notes, “Civil rights laws may protect teachers from being fired because of race or sex, but under a civil rights frame it is still incumbent upon the teacher to prove that the employer acted the way it did because of race or sex.” Under a tenure archetype, the employer must prove it has justified reason to fire the teacher. Flipping that burden is huge, both in terms of consumption and output of resources and variabilities of success. Thus, tenure is incredibly important in protecting the civil rights and liberties of the instructors. Tenure laws, which protected teachers from favoritism and nepotism, were originally created for students to receive an education subject to neither political whims nor arbitrary administrative decisions. It did so by allowing a teacher to stop worrying about his or her job security and office politics and instead focus on providing the best education possible to students. Tenure protections are necessary given the current fixation on high-
stakes testing and the possible linking of students’ test scores to teacher evaluations. Using state test scores as the most important factor in evaluating teacher performance is of limited efficacy, but The numbers in today’s test-centric educational From 20072010, .11% culture, such of school has become teachers lost the norm. The their jobs as a pervasiveness result of poor of this attitude performance. has only underscored In the 2006-07 the need school year, New for tenure York City fired 10 of its 55,000 protection, as (.018%) tenured many teachers teachers. feel that they are teaching SOURCES: students to NYDAILYNEWS.COM // take a test TEACHERSUNIONEXPOSED.COM instead of learning about material that they will carry for a lifetime. American public school teachers are typically awarded tenure after a probation period of three years. This privilege guarantees that teachers must be given reason, documentation and a hearing prior to being fired. Ω Continued at whshoofprint.com
Maxwell Zhu Staff writer
The whole world is in our hands
The Oscars were momentous this year, namely because we learned Leo needs to sleep in a bear carcass to actually win an Oscar. About time. But amid deleting all my DiCaprio memes, Leo’s acceptance speech caught my attention. Finally having won after all these years, and during an Oscars focused on racism in the entertainment industry, Leo delivered a call to action in regards to climate change. Yes, climate change. You might be thinking: why? It’s a simple question with a simple answer. If we don’t care now, then according to NASA, we are looking at a Southern California with longer droughts, more frequent wildfires, reduced agricultural yields, declining freshwater supplies, erosion of our beaches and increased insect and disease outbreaks. Ok, so maybe the answer’s not that simple. We live in a world where we, high school students, focus on academics and family and social lives, and for those times we do pay attention to politics, it’s on terrorism, education, or the economy--rarely does climate change rear its ugly head in current events these days. When it does, it’s portrayed as a debate, despite the incomprehensibly vast amounts of scientific evidence supporting the idea that climate change is human-caused and inconducive to the longterm health of Planet Earth. This “debate” is solely an American phenomenon: at the landmark 2015 Paris PHOTO BY CASEY LEE
As inhabitants of the earth, we have a responsibility to protect and preserve it.
Agreement, foreign leaders and global environmental activists stated that they were puzzled by American obstinacy to the idea of climate change. In other words, literally the rest of the civilized and uncivilized world is confused as to why the American head of state has to convince our legislative bodies that climate change is a legitimate issue, nevermind an urgent issue that requires immediate and decisive action. Meanwhile, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, involving 1,300 independent international scientists, unequivocally reported that anthropomorphic, or humancaused, warming of the global climate is occurring; today, the UN finds that climate change poses irreversible and dangerous effects to our planet. As American citizens and citizens of the future, we have an obligation to take action. So what can we, a drop in the ocean of humanity, do to prevent catastrophic, runaway climate change that has the potential to ruin our planet? We can care. We can inform ourselves and try not to doze off when Al Gore’s “An Inconvenient Truth” plays in AP Biology. We can pay attention to the presidential candidates’ stance on climate change (hint: only Hillary Clinton and Bernie Sanders, the two Democratic candidates, believe that climate change is caused by humans and action is necessary, according to NPR), and vote accordingly. Most importantly, we can critically examine this issue, reject the ideas of those who deny climate change in the face of substantial and reputable evidence. Earth has a problem, and it’s up to our generation to admit it and fix it. To ignore this issue, to consider it the problems of politicians and activists and other adults way older than us, is not only irresponsible, but dangerous. We are the ones who will be most affected by climate change. Equipped with the lens of foresight, we easily condemn those who allowed horrors such as slavery or genocide to occur. Having the foresight to prevent the horror of runaway climate change, to take responsibility to prevent a catastrophe with epically disastrous consequences decades later, is much more difficult, but infinitely more essential. Ω
Fiction vs. Fact Climatologists have a vested interest in raising the alarm because it brings them money and prestige.
Between 1993 and 2004, the research share of federal funding for conservation fell from 56 percent to 39 percent: most of it went to energy conservation projects and other technology programs.
The sun or cosmic rays are much more likely to be the real causes of global warming.
Cosmic rays entering the atmosphere seeds formation of aerosols and clouds that reflect sunlight. Temperature changes correlate better with cosmic ray levels and solar magnetic activity than with other greenhouse factors.
Global warming stopped a decade ago; Earth has been cooling since then.
Mojib Latif of the Leibniz Institute of Marine Sciences in Germany and his colleagues published a paper in 2008 that suggested ocean circulation patterns might cause a period of cooling in parts of the northern hemisphere.