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SYMBIOTIC DUALITY

THE BOSTON ARCHITECTURAL COLLEGE

G R A D U A T I N G C L A S S O F S P R I N G 2 0 1 2

BACHELOR OF ARCHITECTURE M A Y 10 T H 2 0 1 2

STUDENT, WHITNEY MAEHARA

ADVISOR, RUSSELL HIGGINS

DIRECTOR, KAREN NELSON


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ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

mom: thank you for teaching me how amazing the world can be when you’re slightly strange. you’ve set a path that i can only hope to follow in bits + pieces. dad: so much of who i was, who i am and who i hope to be traces back to you. thank you for the constant faith, support and love. baba: we made it! how incredibly lucky I am to have you here- feisty, courageous and loving as always. papa: forever here in spirit. i love you. uncle stan: words cannot describe how grateful i am to have someone like you in my life. you’ve been there since the beginning without question and it’s meant the world. auntie terri: thank you for turning the littlest of things into the most special + most considerate of things. koko: twin love. cindy: you’ve been the big sister i never had + always wanted. thank you for always being a confidante in times of need as well as a constant source of inspiration + admiration. max: even from across the world, you’ve been the greatest support a girl could ask for. family forever. let’s bake. + to my dream team: jim, gaby + sarah: what would i have done without the three of you? despite the ever familiar late nights, heavy sighs + battles with the impossible, your friendships have made it all worth the fight. love you guys.

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

7 9 11 13 - 23 24 25 - 30 26-31

32 - 33 34 - 35 36 - 37 38 39 - 42 43 - 52 53 - 62 63 - 86 87 - 106 108

109

110 111

112-119

BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE

I N T R O D U C T I O N

THESIS STATEMENT

TC O NHN E CET I O NNO F O D E S NODES TO HUB

TP R EHC E DEE N THS T UUD I EBS AZUMA HOUSE | TADAO ANDO OPEN LIBRARY | SUPERPOOL HIGHLINE | DILLER SCOFIDIO + RENFRO PROJECT ANTECEDENTS

SKETCH PROBLEM

SCHEMATIC REVIEW

DESIGN DEVELOPMENT

STRUCTURAL REVIEW

F I N A L R E V I E W

A P P E N D I X

MEANS OF EGRESS

THE STACKS

SUSTAINABILITY SOILS + DRAINAGE

CODES REPORT

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6


RESUME

WORK EXPERIENCE 9/10 - 4/13 BOSTON , MA

CHARLES SPADA INTERIORS

Design Associate + Marketing Co ordinator • • • • • •

1/09 - 11/09

BOSTON , MA

NAT’L ORGANIZATION OF MINORITY ARCHITECTS DESIGN COMPETITION Project Manager + Designer • • • •

5/07 - 8/10

BOSTON , MA

Manage high-end residential interior design projects from concept to finish, maintain project timeline and budget, prepare and process purchase orders, create furniture, lighting and layout proposals, specify materials and finishes, design custom furniture, lighting and millwork Plan, design and supervise major renovations, remodeling and additions Collaborate with building contractors, electricians, painters and installers Prepare contract agreements between vendors and clients, create presentation layouts and develop construction documents Develop all graphic and visual marketing material: new company website, design portfolio, print advertising in major magazines such as Veranda Magazine, Architectural Digest, Boston Home, New England Home, Dering Hall, social media platforms and email advertising Conduct all accounting, commission and sales tax reports for business

Facilitated collaboration among a mock firm of ten in designing a single-family residence Worked on concept, design, green practice strategies, materials and interior design Generated presentation graphics and layout Developed project timeline and maintained task schedule

DURALEE FABRICS + FURNITURE | Boston, MA Design Assistant • • • •

Developed color schemes and furniture layouts for high-end residential interior design projects Prepared for client meetings and presented furniture, textiles and design concepts to clients Issued, tracked and updated invoices for fabric and furniture sales of showroom clients Helped coordinate and market showroom lectures and events

DESIGN + TECHNICAL SKILLS • • • • • • •

Proficient with Macintosh and Windows Platforms Fluent in Adobe Creative Suites (Photoshop, InDesign, Illustrtor), Microsoft Office, Wordpress, Revit 2O13, Sketchup/Layout, V-Ray Rendering, Filemaker Pro and MYOB Accounting Familiar with CSS and HTML Freehand Drawing and Concept Sketching Orthogonal Drawing: Plans, Sections, Elevations, Axonometrics Perspective Drawing: Freehand and Technical Model Making Experience

AWARDS, HONORS + AFFILIATIONS • • • • • •

Architecture Thesis Commendation BAC Alumni Mentor Honorable Mention in NOMA 2OO9 Student Design Competition Segment I Portfolio Award Nomination Segment II Portfolio Award Nomination National Organization of Minority Architects, Student Chapter Vice President 2OO8 - 2O1O

EDUCATION 9/06 - 5/12

BOSTON ARCHITECTURAL COLLEGE | Boston, MA

BOSTON , MA

Bachelor of Architecture

6/06 - 7/06

UNIVERSITY OF VIRGINIA

9/04 - 6/06

BRANDEIS UNIVERSITY | Waltham, MA

S O U T H E A S T A SI A

WALTHAM , MA

Semester at Sea: Summer Abroad in Asia

Candidate for Premed + Studio Arts Degre e

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INTRODUCTION

Libraries have long served as a connection between people + knowledge as well as with each other. They are a communal source of knowledge enabling access to information and technology that may be prohibitively expensive to individually own or acquire. With the advent of the internet; the brick-and-mortar library has in some ways become redundant + under-utilized. Libraries are a physical (tangible) repository and connection to an intangible thing that can occupy an entire city block; whereas the internet is a predominately intangible thing serving virtually the same connection to an object that can fit in the palm of your hand.

What is the next evolution of the physical presence + function of a library? How can a physical thing justify its existence when a non-physical thing serves the same function?

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THESIS STATEMENT

The battle to stay relevant in an ever-changing digital world threatens the existence of the library as we know it today, prompting the library to change the method + form in which it provides its users information. Rather than give precedence to one system over another - analog versus digital - the 21st century library must redefine itself by bringing together the qualities inherent in each system to create a place that celebrates the symbiotic relationship between the two using an open central space that allows users to freely use and interpret the space to fit their needs accordingly.

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THE NODES 13


DEFINITION OF THE NODES

the nodes  [nohds] noun 1. an informational kiosks distributed throughout the city of Boston that act as an extension of the main library or what we will refer to as the HUB from here on.

In thinking about the future of the 21st century library, I thought about the dichotomy between an old (analog) and new (digital) in terms of the program of a library and what it would mean to do away with one entirely. Rather than give precedence to one system over another, my goal was to bring the two together to create a new kind of space, but keep them distinct enough that the qualities inherent in each would be clear to its users.

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NODE LOCATIONS

NORTH END PARK

AQUARIUM

THE ESPLANADE

BOSTON COMMONS

CHINATOWN GATE

THE GREENWAY

CHILDREN’S MUSEUM

PRUDENTIAL

CRITERIA 8 KIOSK LOCATIONS

ACCESSIBLE BY PUBLIC TRANSPORTATION

LOCATED IN HIGH VOLUME AREAS

CONSTANT FOOT TRAFFIC

ATTRACTIVE TO RESIDENTS + TOURISTS THE SITE LOCATIONS FOSTER READING AS ACTIVITY

NEAR CITY LANDMARKS FOR WAYFINDING 15


NODE REVIEW

KIOSK 1: POINT PARK KIOSK 1: NORTH NORTH POINT KIOSK 1: NORTH POINTPARK PARK

MET CRITERIA:

NORTH STATION

CRITERIA: TMET ACCESSIBLE

NORTH STATION

T ACCESSIBLE BY HIGH VOLUME AREAS SURROUNDED SURROUNDED BY HIGH VOLUME AREAS CONSTANT FOOT TRAFFIC CONSTANT FOOT TRAFFIC TOURIST ATTRACTION TOURIST ATTRACTION

PROMOTES READING AS ACTIVITY PROMOTES READING AS ACTIVITY

COMMON CIRCULATION PATHS COMMON CIRCULATION PATHS

THE NORTH ENDEND THE NORTH

AREAS THAT FOSTER FOSTERACTIVITY; ACTIVITY; PARKS AREAS THAT PARKS LANDMARK AREAS LANDMARK AREAS

KIOSK 1 1 KIOSK

PUBLIC TRANSPORTATION PUBLIC TRANSPORTATION

HAYMARKET HAYMARKET

USERS:

City Hall Plaza

USERS:

TOURISTS

City Hall Plaza

TOURISTS

RESIDENTS

RESIDENTS

COMMUTERS

COMMUTERS CHILDREN

CHILDREN

KIOSK 2: CHINATOWN GATE KIOSK 2: CHINATOWN KIOSK 2: CHINATOWNGATE GATE

CR

O CR SS O STR SS EE ST T RE MET CRITERIA: ET T ACCESSIBLE

MET CRITERIA:

DOWNTOWN CROSSING

CONSTANT FOOT TRAFFIC T ACCESSIBLE

DOWNTOWN CROSSING JO JO

HN

HN

CULTURAL CONSTANTLANDMARK FOOT TRAFFIC

FIT

ZG

FIT

ZG

ER

TOURIST ATTRACTION CULTURAL LANDMARK

ER

AL

AL

D

D

PROMOTES READING AS ACTIVITY TOURIST ATTRACTION

PA

PA

RKPROMOTES READING AS ACTIVITY WA Y

RK

WA

Y

COMMON CIRCULATION PATHS

BOYLSTON

COMMON PATHSPARKS AREAS THATCIRCULATION FOSTER ACTIVITY;

BOYLSTON

AREAS THAT FOSTER ACTIVITY; PARKS

LANDMARK AREAS LANDMARK AREAS

CHINATOWN

PUBLIC TRANSPORTATION

CHINATOWN

PUBLIC TRANSPORTATION

KIOSK 2 2 KIOSK

CHINATOWN CHINATOWN GATE GATE

SOUTH SOUTH STATION STATION

USERS: USERS:

TOURISTS TOURISTS RESIDENTS; IMMIGRANTS RESIDENTS; IMMIGRANTS COMMUTERS COMMUTERS

NE MEDICAL CENTER NE MEDICAL CENTER

ELDERLY ELDERLY CHILDREN CHILDREN

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NODE REVIEW

KIOSK 3: MUSEUM KIOSK 3: CHILDREN’S CHILDREN’S KIOSK 3: CHILDREN’SMUSEUM MUSEUM

MET CRITERIA: CRITERIA: TMET ACCESSIBLE T ACCESSIBLE CONSTANT FOOT TRAFFIC CONSTANTLANDMARK FOOT TRAFFIC CULTURAL CULTURAL LANDMARK TOURIST ATTRACTION

SOUTH SOUTH STATION

STATION

TOURIST ATTRACTION

PROMOTES READING AS ACTIVITY

WHARF

WHARF

ICA MUSEUM

KIOSK 3 3 KIOSK

CHILDREN’S CHILDREN’S MUSEUM MUSEUM

PROMOTES READING AS ACTIVITY

ICA MUSEUM

COURTHOUSE COURTHOUSE

COMMON CIRCULATION PATHS COMMON CIRCULATION PATHS

AREAS THAT FOSTER FOSTERACTIVITY; ACTIVITY; PARKS AREAS THAT PARKS LANDMARK AREAS LANDMARK AREAS

PUBLIC TRANSPORTATION PUBLIC TRANSPORTATION

WORLD WORLD TRADE TRADE CENTER CENTER

USERS: USERS:

TOURISTS

TOURISTS

RESIDENTS

RESIDENTS

WORKING PROFESSIONALS

WORKING PROFESSIONALS COMMUTERS

COMMUTERS CHILDREN

CHILDREN

KIOSK 4: BOSTON COMMONS KIOSK 4: BOSTON COMMONS KIOSK 4: BOSTON COMMONS

MET CRITERIA: T ACCESSIBLE

MET CRITERIA:

GOVERNMENT CENTER GOVERNMENT CENTER

CONSTANT FOOT TRAFFIC T ACCESSIBLE

CULTURAL CONSTANTLANDMARK FOOT TRAFFIC TOURIST ATTRACTION CULTURAL LANDMARK

PROMOTES READING AS ACTIVITY TOURIST ATTRACTION PROMOTES READING AS ACTIVITY

HIGH VOLUME AREA HIGH VOLUME AREA COMMON CIRCULATION PATHS

COMMON PATHSPARKS AREAS THATCIRCULATION FOSTER ACTIVITY; AREAS THAT FOSTER ACTIVITY; PARKS

LANDMARK AREAS LANDMARK AREAS

PUBLIC TRANSPORTATION PUBLIC TRANSPORTATION

KIOSK 4 4 KIOSK

PARK STREET PARK STREET

USERS: USERS:

TOURISTS TOURISTS

RESIDENTS RESIDENTS

BOSTON COMMONS BOSTON COMMONS PUBLIC PUBLIC GARDENS GARDENS

WORKING WORKING PROFESSIONALS PROFESSIONALS

DOWNTOWN DOWNTOWN CROSSING CROSSING

COMMUTERS COMMUTERS CHILDREN CHILDREN PARK USERS USERS PARK

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NODE PROTOTYPE

CONCEPT DIAGRAM

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UNIT PROTOTYPE


NODE CONFIGURATIONS

Using the ground plane as a dividing element between the two systems for the nodes, allowed me to create a very clear dinstinction between user types and analog versus digital program. Each node would be specific to its location, providing history relating to that local context, thereby making each individual node valuable. By giving these nodes more than the function of a place to drop off books seems to be the way to make them a part of a larger and more wellconnected network.

VARIABLE CONFIGURATIONS

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KIT-OF-PARTS

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PROGRAM

SECTION SCALE 1/8” = 1’0”

PLAN VIEW

SCALE 1/8” = 1’-0”

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KIOSK PERSPECTIVES

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REVIEW FEEDBACK The f e e d b a c k I got from the K I O S K R E V I E W was very helpful in terms of generating ideas and concepts for how I planned to treat the two library systems - A N A L O G V. D I G I T A L - in the design of the HUB. The critics liked the strong d i s t i n c t i o n between systems present in the NODES but urged me to think about how these systems would interact d i f f e r e n t l y when it came to the design of the HUB in Government Center. Another criticism was that design of the NODES resembled the concept diagram too much. Nevertheless, traveled for keeping two

the 4-week charrette helped sculpt the direction in which I the remainder of the year, letting me play with the idea of opposing entities separate all the while bringing them together.

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CONNECTION OF NODES TO HUB

the hub  [huhb] noun 1. a place or thing that forms the effective center of an activity, region, or network. 2. the main space for information/knowledge storage, retrieval, and sharing.

NODE

HUB NODE NODE NODE NODE

NODE

NODE

NODE NODE

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THE HUB

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GOALS FOR CITY HALL

FOSTER DIVERSITY PROVIDE EQUITABLE ACCESS TO ALL

FOSTER EDUCATION + LIFELONG LEARNING PROMOTE + DEFEND INTELLCTUAL FREEDOM

ENABLE 21ST CENTURY LITERACY

MAINTAIN RELEVANCY IN A

DIGITAL WORLD

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EXISTING SITE CONDITIONS

VIEW FROM CONGRESS STREET

VIEW FROM GOVERNMENT CENTER TRAIN STATION

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FANEUIL HALL

BUSINESS END

HOLOCAUST MEMORIAL

GOVERNMENT CENTER ‘T’

HAYMARKET

SITE ANALYSIS

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SUN STUDIES

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DECEMBER

9

MARCH

9

JUNE

9


12

3

12

3

12

3

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OPEN INTERPRETATION OF SPACE

Within such an open expanse of space in City Hall Plaza, one of the observations I made was how well the users adapted to the conditions of the site and made it into a space that fit their needs and activity and it was this same idea thatI hoped to relate to the more communal space in the design of my HUB.

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PRECEDENT

STUDIES

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PRECEDENT STUDY

AZUMA HOUSE BY TADAO ANDO LOCATION: SUMIYOSHI, TOKYO PROJECT YEAR: 1975-1976 SIZE: 65 SQ METERS

A modest, two-story, cast-in-place concrete house that though simple in form, shows elements indicative of his style and use of light. The house consists of three equally sized volumes, two enclosed volumes flanked on opposite ends, contrasted by an open courtyard that draws light into the connected spaces and makes the central space an integral part of the unit as a whole.

a clear

CONTRAST

CLEAR DIVISIONS

INTENTIONAL ADJACENCIES

TRIPARTITE

NATURAL DAYLIGHTING

RESPONDS TO SITE

COMFORT + REFUGE RESPONDS TO USER’S NEEDS

TRIPARTITE STRUCTURE

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SECOND FLOOR

FIRST FLOOR

a WELLCONNECTED space

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PRECEDENT STUDY

OPEN LIBRARY BY SUPERPOOL LOCATION: ISTANBUL, TURKEY PROJECT YEAR: 2008 SIZE: 260 SQ METERS

Designed like an auditorium, with seats on one side facing a ‘stage of books’, the Open Library was a temporary installation meant to test the power of a single element and its ability to create multiple options for public interaction, lectures, readings, screenings, presentations, and casual conversations.

GROWTH + change

CLEAR WAYFINDING

EASY ACCESS PROMOTES INTELLECTUAL FREEDOM

MAINTAINS RELEVANCY IN A DIGITAL WORLD EQUITABLE ACCESS TO ALL

COMFORT + REFUGE RESPONDS TO COMMUNITY’S NEEDS

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F L E X I B L E

P R O G R A M a space that provides

VARIED OPPORTUNITIES to share + process information in multiple mediums

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PRECEDENT STUDY

THE HIGHLINE

LOCATION: NEW YORK PROJECT YEAR: 2008 SIZE: 260 SQ METERS Formerly part of New York’s Central Railroad, the Highline has been redesigned into an aerial greenway that has spurred not only a general attraction to the site but also inspired other cities to think about the potential there may be in transforming existing structures within their own cities as a way to gentrify and redefine.

SYMBOL + CATALYST

for change

USE OF AN EXISTING STRUCTURE

SITE RE-STIMULATION

OPEN PROGRAM FRAMED VIEWS OF THE CITY EQUITABLE ACCESS TO ALL

COMFORT + REFUGE RESPONDS TO COMMUNITY’S NEEDS

MAP OF THE HIGHLINE

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a space that provides

UNEXPECTED

CITY VIEWS that brings back an enticement and vigor amongst its users

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ANTECEDENTS

REASONING BEHIND ANTECEDENTS The selection of these antecedents was meant to show a clear separation of parts that are distinct from the other but also connected just slightly in some capacity.

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SKETCH PROBLEM

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ONE-DAY CHARRETTE

In contrast to the design of the NODES, I wanted the HUB to still consist of two very different parts - analog versus digital - but also begin to blur the boundaries in the middle where these two systems would begin to overlap and a more communal and layered approach to learning could transpire. The Sketch Problem allowed me to quickly explore the idea of dividing City Hall into three parts, a central intervention flanked by these two contrasting forms, using material, light, circulation and enclosure to distinguish between spaces.

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USER NARRATIVES

A LOCAL WHO WORKS NEARBY

A FAMILY VISITING BOSTON

With an hour off for lunch, Chuck decides to head over to the HUB’s cafe along Congress Street for a quick bite. It’s a bit chilly out so Chuck thinks it would be nice to stay inside for his lunch. He brings his Kindle with him so that he can stop by the e-book section of the library and download a new read. He figures while he’s there he might as well also pick up a movie to rent for tonight.

A rainy day in Boston has caused a family visiting from Los Angeles to revise their plans for the day. They had planned to take a walking tour of the city, take the children to the park to play and maybe go see a later in the evening but the rain will not permit.

He may even run into some of his coworkers there since the cafe has become a convenient hotspot for workers in the area and the lounge and viewing platform upstairs makes it so that seating is never an issue and it never gets too crowded.

A local recommends that the family go to the HUB since it’s just down the street and has an array of activities for both adults and children. There’s supposed to be a puppet show within the hour in the children’s section and they can pass through Haymarket and the Holocaust Memorial on their way over to the HUB.

ARCHITECTURE STUDENTS WORKING ON A SITE MODEL Tasked with making a group site model, the HUB provides a collaborative space for a group of students to meet. Conveniently located near many modes of public transportation, the HUB acts as an equally accessible location for the students to meet, especially since each of them live in different parts of the city. The students will have access to computers, maps of the site, written documentation and images that will help them better understand the site. Since each individual in the group has their own preference in how they gather information, the HUB is the perfect place as if caters to a variety of needs and mediums by which to access information.

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CONCEPTUAL TRIPTYCH

During the Sketch Problem, I gathered together a set of images that conveyed what my main goal for the HUB was: to identify two distinct parts and begin to bring them together just slightly at the center to allow for a layering or intersection of interests, users, methods and so on.

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SCHEMATIC

DESIGN

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PROGRAMMATIC LAYOUT

Government Center lends itself to the idea of two distinct parts coming together. The plaza above consists primarily of the local commuters and businessmen whereas on the lower half of the site near Congress Street, are tourists frequenting hotspots like Faneuil Hall and Haymarket.

EXISTING CIRCULATION CONDITIONS

PROGRAM BLOCKING

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I thus related the locals end to the faster-paced digital end and the analog system to the tourists who come to Boston for its vast history.


HUB GOALS

BLEND OLD WITH NEW MAKE MORE ACCESSIBLE

OPEN UP ENTRIES

GIVE VIEWS INTO BUILDING CREATE PLACE THAT CATERS

TO MULTIPLE INTERESTS

AND USER TYPES

VIEW FROM CONGRESS STREET

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BUILDING LAYOUT

4 3 2 1 48


8 7 6 5 49


BRINGING THE SYSTEMS TOGETHER

SKETCH MODEL OF PROGRAMMATIC DISTINCTIONS

LONGITUDINAL SECTION

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WHEN OLD MEETS NEW

WEAVING OLD AND NEW

VIEW FROM GOVERNMENT CENTER

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AERIAL VIEW OF ANALOG END FROM JFK BUILDING

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AERIAL VIEW FROM CONGRESS STREET

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REVIEW FEEDBACK

While the reviewers felt that the overall concept of my project was strong and the move to cut through the middle of CITY HALL was smart, the underlying criticism was that the D I V I S I O N B E T W E E N S Y S T E M S really only existed programmatically. In turn, the reviewers strongly urged me to F U R T H E R D E F I N E this D I F F E R E N T I A T I O N B E T W E E N P A R T S beyond program, suggesting that I clarify with a more well-thought out building F O R M. Another piece of commentary was that my building lacked a strong connection from one end of the site to another, more specifically - C A M B R I D G E S T R E E T T O C O N G R E S S S T R E E T. Since my building design had been so deeply informed by the two user types - LOCALS VERSUS TOURISTS - then I needed to figure out a way to bring the two user types together and resolve that major issue prevalent in both the existing CITY HALL as well as my design intervention.

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Thesis Part 1