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Regional Pre-Feasibility Scan of Potential Biomass Supply TOWN OF WHITECOURT NOVEMBER 2016 September 2016


PRE-FEASIBILITY SCAN OF POTENTIAL BIOMASS SUPPLY WHITECOURT

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY There is a new focus in the bio-economy in Alberta aimed at leveraging one of Alberta’s most abundant resources, biomass. Biomass is a renewable resource comprised of biological material taken from living or recently living organisms and as a feedstock is generally processed into one of three categories; bioenergy, biofuels and bioproducts. An important first step in advancing a regional bio-economy is an inventory and assessment of potential biomass feedstocks. Understanding the make-up of the biomass supply and its location is a valuable resource for communities wishing to establish a business case to attract investment and spur entrepreneurship. A joint initiative between Alberta Economic Development and Trade, Alberta Innovates Bio Solutions and five Alberta communities was established to evaluate the biomass resource potential of these communities leveraging existing biomass data within Alberta’s Bio Resource Information Management System (BRIMS). The five participating communities are:     

County of Grande Prairie No. 1, Lethbridge County, Town of Drayton Valley, Town of Sundre, Town of Whitecourt.

The BRIMS framework is a province wide collection of potential biomass resources and ecosystem services, standardized by township. The framework was designed to support a data and information management system for biomass companies to assess the relative supply of theoretical biomass. BRIMS includes biomass resources from agriculture, forests and organic waste. For this initiative, the BRIMS database was a primary input to conduct a regional pre-feasibility scan of potential biomass supply for each community. This report provides a detailed analysis of theoretical biomass supply within three catchment zones surrounding the Town of Whitecourt. Located in north-central Alberta, the region boasts an active agriculture sector as well as substantial forested areas, presenting theoretical biomass feedstock opportunities as displayed in the following table.

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PRE-FEASIBILITY SCAN OF POTENTIAL BIOMASS SUPPLY WHITECOURT

Catchment Area

Agriculture – Theoretical Per Annum Estimates (Crops & Livestock)

Tonnes

%

Forest - Green Area Theoretical Inventory (Allocated & Unallocated Landbase)

Tonnes

%

Forest – White Area Theoretical Inventory Tonnes

%

Forest – Mill Waste Theoretical Per Annum Estimates Tonnes

Municipal Solid Waste – Theoretical Per Annum Estimates

%

Tonnes

%

634,037

8%

65,841,210

13%

7,906,989

14%

440,961

46%

5,904

5%

51 to 100 km

2,207,930

28%

176,168,298

35%

15,190,174

26%

96,474

10%

923

1%

101 to 150 km

5,070,144

64%

259,042,009

52%

35,245,939

60%

413,499

43%

114,420

94%

Catchment Area Total

7,912,112

100%

501,051,517

100%

58,343,103

100%

950,935

100%

121,247

100%

0 to 50 km

The theoretical biomass potential illustrates the maximum potential supply that is bio-physically available. There are many industries who are already taking advantage of both primary and secondary forms of this resource supply, including forest products manufacturing (lumber, pulp, wood pellets), agricultural bedding & fertilizers, and energy production. The results of this analysis provides a foundation for building targeted business cases to support a local bio-economy. The theoretical estimates can be further examined for targeted businesses factoring operational, economic and ecological considerations in utilizing these potential feedstocks.

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PRE-FEASIBILITY SCAN OF POTENTIAL BIOMASS SUPPLY WHITECOURT

Table of Contents Executive Summary .................................................................................................................. 1 1.

Introduction ...................................................................................................................... 6 1.1

Background .................................................................................................................. 6

1.2

About BRIMS................................................................................................................ 8

2.

Methodology .................................................................................................................... 9 2.1

Study Area.................................................................................................................... 9

2.2

Approach .................................................................................................................... 14

2.2.1

Landbase Determination ...................................................................................... 14

2.2.2

BRIMS Framework............................................................................................... 15

3.

Results........................................................................................................................... 18 3.1

Agriculture .................................................................................................................. 18

3.1.1

Crops ................................................................................................................... 18

3.1.2

Livestock and Poultry ........................................................................................... 20

3.2

Woody Materials ......................................................................................................... 21

3.2.1

Forested Green Area ........................................................................................... 21

3.2.2

Forested White Area ............................................................................................ 23

3.2.3

Mill Residues........................................................................................................ 24

3.3

Municipal Solid Waste ................................................................................................ 26

3.4

Total Theoretical Biomass Potential ........................................................................... 27

4.

Next steps...................................................................................................................... 30

5.

Works Cited ................................................................................................................... 31

Appendix A: The BRIMS Framework....................................................................................... 32 Appendix B: Additional Maps .................................................................................................. 33

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PRE-FEASIBILITY SCAN OF POTENTIAL BIOMASS SUPPLY WHITECOURT

PLEASE NOTE: The resolution of the data and summary results will vary depending on biomass type, consistent with the existing data utilized within Alberta’s Bio-Resource Information Management System (BRIMS). Data used in this analysis is representative of a snap shot in time and varies dependent on biomass type and source of original data. As such, this analysis may not reflect the current or future biomass supply on the landscape. We are utilizing available data as-is, with no field verification or warranty provided. Biomass potential supply numbers provided will be a theoretical estimate and may not be tactically available. Silvacom Ltd. hereby disclaims any liability and shall not be held liable for any damages including, without limitation, direct, indirect or consequential damages including loss of revenue, loss of profit, loss of opportunity or other loss. Any reliance placed on this material is done so strictly at your own risk. This disclaimer applies to all portions of this biomass potential analysis.

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PRE-FEASIBILITY SCAN OF POTENTIAL BIOMASS SUPPLY WHITECOURT

1. INTRODUCTION 1.1

BACKGROUND

There is a new focus in the bio-economy in Alberta to fully utilize one of Alberta’s most abundant resources, biomass [1]. Biomass is a renewable resource comprised of biological material taken from living or recently living organisms. There are three general biomass sources constituting the entire biomass potential of a landscape: forest, agriculture, and organic waste. Historically these resources have been used for traditional means such as forest products manufacturing however primary sources and waste streams offer significant potential for use in bioenergy, biofuels and other bioproducts. Advancing the bio-economy has numerous advantages including increasing economic returns from Alberta’s natural resources [1] and cleantech innovation to help meet greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions reduction targets [2]. A cornerstone to advancing the regional bio-economy is an inventory and assessment of potential biomass feedstocks. Understanding the make-up of the biomass supply and its location is a valuable resource for communities wishing to establish a business case to attract investment and spur entrepreneurship. In general, there are four types of biomass potential as described by Biomass Energy Europe (Figure 1) [3]: 

Theoretical potential – The maximum amount of biomass available for production within fundamental bio-physical limits. In the case of biomass from crops and forests, the theoretical potential is the amount of biomass available taking into consideration limitations associated with soil, temperature, solar radiations and rainfall. In the case of residues and waste, the theoretical potential equals the total amount that is produced.

Technical potential – The fraction of theoretical potential that is available given current technological capabilities (e.g. harvesting techniques, infrastructures and accessibility, processing techniques). It also takes into account other land uses (e.g. food, feed and fibre production) as well as ecological constraints (e.g. nature reserves).

Economic potential – The share of technical potential that can be economically, or in other words profitably produced.

Sustainable implementation potential – The fraction of economic potential that can be produced within a certain time frame and given socio-political realities, including policy incentives and economic, institutional and social constraints. Environmental, economic and social sustainability criteria are also taken into consideration in determining the sustainable implementation potential.

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PRE-FEASIBILITY SCAN OF POTENTIAL BIOMASS SUPPLY WHITECOURT

Theoretical Potential

Technical Potential

Economic Potential

Sustainable Implementation Potential

Figure 1 Types of biomass potential [3]

A joint initiative between Alberta Economic Development and Trade (AEDT), Alberta Innovates Bio Solutions (AI Bio) and five Alberta communities was established to evaluate the theoretical biomass resource potential of these communities leveraging existing biomass data within Alberta’s Bio Resource Information Management System (BRIMS). The five participating communities are:     

County of Grande Prairie No. 1, Lethbridge County, Town of Drayton Valley, Town of Sundre, Town of Whitecourt.

This report provides a detailed analysis of theoretical biomass supply within three catchment zones (050 km, 51-100 km, 101-150 km) surrounding the Town of Whitecourt. The purpose of this report is to conduct a pre-feasibility scan of potential biomass supply in the Town of Whitecourt (Figure 2). In subsequent phases, biomass utilization and existing infrastructure within the community in support of the bio-economy will be evaluated. In turn, opportunities for technology advancement and the expansion of the local bio-market will be assessed.

Figure 2 Phased Approach to Building the Bio-Economy

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PRE-FEASIBILITY SCAN OF POTENTIAL BIOMASS SUPPLY WHITECOURT

1.2

ABOUT BRIMS

The BRIMS framework is a province wide collection of potential biomass resources and ecosystem services, standardized by township. This initiative was initiated by AI Bio, with partners Silvacom and Green Analytics. The framework was designed to develop a data and information management system for biomass companies to assess the relative supply of theoretical biomass. Al Bio’s mandate is to “…further research and innovation in the province and make Alberta more competitive in the global economy. Al Bio will meet the research and innovation priorities of the Government by providing leadership and coordination for research and innovation that supports the growth and diversification of Alberta’s agriculture, forest, and life sciences sectors”. Specifically, Al Bio is dedicated to bio-based research [4]. The BRIMS framework is a multi-phase project. The purpose of Phase 1 was to assess the baseline data availability and the associated gaps in an effort to develop a complete biomass inventory for Alberta. Following this assessment, biomass sources were identified provincewide and theoretical biomass was estimated per township. Phase 1 was completed in 2012. Phase 2 of the framework, completed in 2014 built on the Phase 1 proof of concept and expanded the framework incorporating new inventories and methodologies. The third and final phase of BRIMS, currently in progress is focused on the development of a world class geospatial web application for viewing, reporting and interacting with

Figure 3 Vision for BRIMS

biomass and other ecosystem services data (Figure 3). The end goal is to provide a web-based application to support investment decisions related to the use of biomass and other ecosystem services in Alberta. For more information regarding biomass and its potential, please refer to the Bio Resource Information Management System (BRIMS) webpage.1

1

http://www.brims.ca/

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PRE-FEASIBILITY SCAN OF POTENTIAL BIOMASS SUPPLY WHITECOURT

2. METHODOLOGY 2.1

STUDY AREA

The Town of Whitecourt is located approximately 177 km northwest of Edmonton and 279 km southeast of Grande Prairie. The most recent municipal census (2013) counted a population increase of 969 to 10,574 residents [5], representing a 10.1% growth since the 2011 Federal Census [6]. The average age of Whitecourt residents is 32, making it a relatively young town [5]. Forestry is one of the most important economic engines in the region, providing employment opportunities to Whitecourt residents [7]. Three major facilities located in the area are:   

Blue Ridge Lumber Sawmill - produces multi-density fibre (MDF) board and lumber products Millar Western Forest Products – produces pulp and dimensional lumber Alberta Newsprint Company Pulp & Paper Mill – newsprint producer

The oilfield industry is another major contributor to the economy. The location of Whitecourt in northcentral Alberta makes it an ideal hub for the oil and gas industry, which serves the area west of Edmonton to south of Grande Prairie. With some farm land to the south and east of Whitecourt, agriculture plays a role in the town’s economy. Tourists are attracted to Whitecourt for the summer and winter outdoor recreational opportunities. With hundreds of kilometres of designated trails, Whitecourt has branded itself and the Snowmobile Capital of the World [7]. Fishing, mountain biking and hiking are popular summer activities. Whitecourt is strategically located in the resource heartland of Alberta. Its primary trading area is over 50,000 people. Highway 43 is part of the Canamex Corridor, linking Canada with the United States and Mexico. Highway 43 also offers direct access to the northern regions of Canada and the United States. This analysis focuses on biomass within concentric catchment areas around the Town of Whitecourt. These catchment areas were created using concentric “as the crow flies” distance measures around the urban/rural interface. Three catchment areas were created (Figure 4):   

0-50 km 51-100 km 101-150 km

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PRE-FEASIBILITY SCAN OF POTENTIAL BIOMASS SUPPLY WHITECOURT

Figure 4 Overview map of the study area

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PRE-FEASIBILITY SCAN OF POTENTIAL BIOMASS SUPPLY WHITECOURT

The Town of Whitecourt falls within the Upper Athabasca Planning Region for the province’s Land-Use Framework (LUF). The catchment areas surrounding the town intersect with the North Saskatchewan and Upper Peace Planning Regions. LUF is Alberta’s approach to managing the province’s land and natural resources to achieve long-term economic, environmental and social goals [8]. Under the framework, the province is divided into seven regions that will each have their own regional plan [8]. These plans may influence the sustainable implementation of potential biomass supply in the region. Table 1 summarizes the landscape in the biomass catchment areas. As depicted in Figure 5 and Table 1, forests are the primary landcover type in the catchment areas. In addition to these areas as potential primary sources of biomass, there are potential secondary sources from mill residues, livestock processing facilities and municipal solid waste collected at landfills that are present within the catchment areas (Table 1). Approximately 1% of the full study area falls within parks and protected areas including portions of wildland parks, provincial parks, natural areas and ecological reserve areas.

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PRE-FEASIBILITY SCAN OF POTENTIAL BIOMASS SUPPLY WHITECOURT

Table 1 Study area landscape characteristics

Water

Agriculture

Shrubland / Grassland

Forests

Catchment Area Area (ha)

%

Area (ha)

%

Area (ha)

%

Area (ha)

%

Other Footprint2 Area (ha)

8,443

4%

124,013

10%

552,146

14%

165,322

12%

53,578

51 to 100 km

46,035

23%

361,422

28% 1,414,072

35%

494,977

36%

101 to 150 km

143,336

72%

788,849

62% 2,106,039

52%

696,634

Catchment Area Total

197,814 100%

1,274,284

100% 4,072,257

100%

0 to 50 km

Catchment Areas Agriculture Area

Total

%

Area (ha)

10%

%

903,502

12%

154,565

30% 2,471,071

33%

51%

306,648

60% 4,041,506

54%

1,356,933 100%

514,791

100% 7,416,079

100%

Catchment Areas Forest Area

4% 49%

51%

Broadleaf

Crop

58%

Pasture

Coniferous

38%

Mixedwood

Catchment Areas Potential Facility Sources of Biomass Residues 12

Facilitiers (#)

10 8 6 4 2 0 0-50km

51-100km Mills

Meat Processing

101-150km Landfills

2

”Other footprint” includes roads, railways, urban and rural industrial/residential sites, seismic lines, transmission lines, pipelines, reservoirs, and well sites.

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PRE-FEASIBILITY SCAN OF POTENTIAL BIOMASS SUPPLY WHITECOURT

Figure 5 Study area landcover map (Refer to Appendix B for a full size map)

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2.2

APPROACH

2.2.1

LANDBASE DETERMINATION

Data was leveraged from the provincial BRIMS database and used to estimate the total theoretical potential biomass (tonnes) 3 within the study area. To localize and enhance the BRIMS outputs for the study area, a number of additional datasets were incorporated to refine potential biomass estimates. Included in this value added process was identifying multiple land cover types (i.e. forested, grassland, pasture, crop fields, human footprint, etc.) using Agriculture & Agri-Food Canada Annual Crop Inventory and ABMI Human Footprint Inventory for 2012 conditions among others. In addition, regional areas where potential biomass resources do exist but are not currently obtainable (i.e. parks and protected areas) were identified and excluded from potential biomass estimates. Table 2 summarizes a list of key data inputs. Table 2 Data Inputs

Layer

Description

Comprehensive inventory of theoretical BRIMS

biomass potential (tonnes) per township for the province of Alberta.

Municipal Boundaries

Green/White Area

Parks and Protected Areas

Annual Crop Inventory

Geo-administrative city boundaries

The green and white areas were used to separate biomass potential calculations

Source

Alberta Innovates

Effective Date

2015

AltaLis

2016

AltaLis

2011

AltaLis

2012

Parks and Protected areas were identified as biomass is not currently accessible within these regions

Annual crop inventory field classification and mapping

Agriculture & Agri-Food

2015

Canada

3

Tonnes are defined as per the BRIMS framework and can refer to dry tonnes, ODTs, or gross tonnes, dependent on the biomass source.

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Layer

Description

ABMI Human Footprint Inventory for 2012 Conditions (Version 3)

Forest Management Areas

2.2.2 2.2.2.1

The ABMI Human Footprint Map was used to identify developed areas

Source

Effective Date

ABMI

2010

AltaLis

2013

FMAs were used to estimate the amount of forest in the green area that is currently allocated

BRIMS FRAMEWORK BIOMASS POOLS

The BRIMS framework organizes the various forms and sources of theoretical potential biomass in Alberta into a scalable hierarchy of biomass pools (Figure 6) and includes the following components: 1.

2.

3.

Forest biomass includes all secondary products derived from wood. Within BRIMS these include: a. Stem wood: biomass obtained from pre-commercial and commercial thinning, as well as final felling of forests; b. Primary forest residues (i.e. logging residues); c. Secondary forest residues obtained from industry by-products such as sawdust, wood chips, bark, etc.; and d. Trees outside of Alberta’s green area (forested area) such as trees in urban areas along sidewalks, and other infrastructural areas. Agricultural biomass includes biomass derived from energy crops, agricultural residues, and animal waste. Examples of these include: a. Oil containing crops (i.e. canola, etc.); b. Starch crops (i.e. wheat, barley, etc.); c. Harvest residues (i.e. straw); d. Manure from livestock; and e. Animal processing waste. Lastly, organic waste encompasses other potential biomass sources including: a. Biodegradable municipal waste

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PRE-FEASIBILITY SCAN OF POTENTIAL BIOMASS SUPPLY WHITECOURT

Agriculture - Crops •Barley, Canola, Oats, Wheat, Hay •Seed •Residue

Agriculture - Livestock •Cattle, Swine, Poultry, Turkey, Sheep •Manure •Processing Waste

Forests - Green Area - Net Landbase, Deleted Landbase, Unallocated Landbase •Conifer, Deciduous •Wood - Top, Stem, Stump •Branches •Bark - Top, Stem, Stump •Roots - Coarse, Fine •Foliage

Forests - White Area •Conifer •Mixedwood •Deciduous

Forests - Mill Residues •Lumber •Pulp & Paper •OSB •Veneer

Municipal Solid Waste •Construction & demolition •Organic Yard Waste & Animal Remains •Mixed Waste •Wood •Sludge

Figure 6 BRIMS framework

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PRE-FEASIBILITY SCAN OF POTENTIAL BIOMASS SUPPLY WHITECOURT

2.2.2.2

BIOMASS CONSTITUENTS

Biomass constituents are the properties and sub-components that may be of interest for prospective industries helping to bring the supply and demand chains closer together. Figure 7 illustrates the framework utilized for reporting these in BRIMS4. Biomass Constituents

Elements

Lignocellulosic Components

Chemical Components

Fuel Components / Residuals

Calcium

Cellulose

Acetyl

Ash

Carbon

Hemicellulose

Alcohol

Energy Content

Hydrogen

Lignin

Nitrogen

Oxygen

Phosphorous

Potassium

Sulphur

Figure 7 BRIMS biomass constituents framework

4

Biomass properties and constituents may only be applicable and relevant to specific biomass pools in the BRIMS framework.

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PRE-FEASIBILITY SCAN OF POTENTIAL BIOMASS SUPPLY WHITECOURT

3. RESULTS The majority of the biomass in the area of interest comes from forest biomass and most notably the Green Area forested. After Green Area forest biomass, White Area forested areas offer the most biomass tonnage, followed by agricultural crops, mill residues, livestock and MSW related biomass. Forest biomass is a stock account of potentially available biomass. Agricultural biomass, MSW, and mill waste are flow accounts of potentially available biomass which refresh yearly as new crops are planted or new livestock harvested, etc. This should be considered when comparisons of forest and other biomass types are included in decision-making processes. The following graphs summarize the results categorically by biomass source. Section 3.4 summarizes the total biomass potential. Potential biomass supply estimates provided are a theoretical estimate and may not be tactically available. Recoverable factors are not taken into account where some potential biomass is likely to remain in the field or the forest floor. Furthermore, some summarized potential biomass is located in areas that may not be feasible for recovery and other sources may already be committed to alternative uses. The resolution of the analysis and results will vary depending on biomass type, consistent with the existing data utilized within BRIMS. Tonnes are summarized as dry tonnes or oven-dried tonnes consistent with data sources leveraged in the BRIMS framework, unless otherwise stated. For a detailed results of the biomass pools, please refer to Appendix A.

3.1 3.1.1

AGRICULTURE CROPS

Biomass sourced from agricultural crops has been separated into crop seed/product and crop residue. Crop seed/product represents the total tonnage of crops in the area of interest (oven dried tonnes) and crop residue is an estimate of remaining portions. Currently only materials remaining in the field following harvest are estimated in the BRIMS framework as potential harvest residue sources. Potential biomass was estimated based on the major crops summarized in the BRIMS framework (Figure 6). The biomass estimates per hectare was leveraged into the productive agricultural land outlined in the study area landbase. Estimates are based on a per annum perspective, using 2014 data. Estimates will vary from year to year as crop yields and the amount of area in crops varies annually.

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Table 3 Theoretical potential agriculture crop biomass5 Crop Seed

Crop Residue

Total Potential

Catchment Area Tonnes

Percent

Tonnes

Percent

Tonnes

Percent

0 to 50 km

108,498

5%

504,671

9%

613,169

8%

51 to 100 km

554,166

27%

1,608,579

28%

2,162,745

28%

101 to 150 km

1,425,741

68%

3,561,515

63%

4,987,256

64%

Catchment Area Total

2,088,405

100%

5,674,765

100%

7,763,170

100%

Potential Biomass (Tonnes)

Catchment Areas (Crop Seed + Crop Residue) 3,000,000 2,000,000 1,000,000 0 Barley

Canola 0 - 50 km

Oats 51 - 100 km

Wheat

Tame Hay

101 - 150 km

Table 4. Constituent Summary of Potential Crop Biomass

Average Energy of Potential Biomass (GJ/Tonne)

20 15 10 5

Constituents

Potential Tonnes/Tonne of Biomass

Energy Content

0.6 0.5 0.4 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.0

0

5

Oven dry tonnes per year as per the BRIMS framework

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3.1.2

LIVESTOCK AND POULTRY

Biomass sourced from livestock6 can be separated into manure and animal processing waste. Biomass estimates for cattle, swine, chickens, turkeys and sheep were collected per township for both manure and animal processing within the BRIMS framework. This estimate was leveraged into productive agricultural areas within the study area landbase. Estimates are based on a per annum perspective. Estimates will vary year to year, depending on the amount of animals raised each year. Table 5. Theoretical Potential Livestock Biomass Processing Waste7

Livestock Manure

Total Potential

Catchment Area Tonnes

Percent

Tonnes

Percent

Tonnes

Percent

0 to 50 km

20,868

15%

0

0%

20,868

14%

51 to 100 km

42,901

30%

2,284

34%

45,185

30%

101 to 150 km

78,525

55%

4,364

66%

82,889

56%

142,295

100%

6,647

100%

148,942

100%

Catchment Area Total

Potential Manure Biomass (Tonnes)

Catchment Areas (Livestock Manure +Processing Waste) 5,000 4,000 3,000 2,000 1,000 0 Cattle

Swine 0-50km

Poultry 51-100km

Sheep

Turkey

101-150km

6

For the purposes of this study poultry is defined as livestock Animals may be shipped to processing plants from other regions. The BRIMS framework does not include an empirical estimate of kilograms of animal processing waste per township. An estimate is computed from the number of animals raised within the region, based on Census Canada data (2010). 7

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PRE-FEASIBILITY SCAN OF POTENTIAL BIOMASS SUPPLY WHITECOURT

Table 6. Constituent Summary of Potential Livestock Biomass

Energy Content

Constituents

20 15 10

0.25

Average Tonnes/Tonne Biomass

Average Energy of Potential Biomass (GJ/Tonne)

25

3.2.1

0.15 0.10 0.05

5 0.00 0

3.2

0.20

Nitrogen

Potassium

Phosphorous

WOODY MATERIALS FORESTED GREEN AREA

The Green Area covers approximately 58% of the province of Alberta [9]. Primary land uses in this area include timber production, oil and gas development, tourism and recreation and conservation of natural spaces. Nearly all of the Green Area is publically owned. Because the majority of the Green Area is forested, there are many potential sources of biomass. The BRIMS framework identifies potential biomass sources within the Green Area as all parts of the tree including not only the stem but also the top wood, top bark, branches, needles or leaves and belowground biomass (roots). The BRIMS framework also separates biomass sources into net landbase stands, landbase deletion stands, and unallocated stands. Net landbase stands are comprised of the operable forested area. Deletion stands contain the area of forests that are currently inoperable for forest operations. This includes but is not limited to forest stands that are within defined water buffers, on steep slopes, low timber productivity or other Forest Management Agreement (FMA) specific operability criteria. For the purposes of this analysis, it is assumed that forest area outside of a FMA area is unallocated, although portions of this area may be entirely or partially allocated under a quota or other agreement. Forested Green Area accounts for about 46% of the total study area. Estimates are based on the amount of theoretical potential biomass within the area of interest, and do not account for forest regrowth or other ecological or sustainability constraints. Estimates do not represent an annual supply. In other words, the theoretical potential biomass includes all the standing biomass in the forested areas.

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PRE-FEASIBILITY SCAN OF POTENTIAL BIOMASS SUPPLY WHITECOURT

Table 7. Theoretical Potential Green Area Forest Biomass8 Allocated

Unallocated

Total Potential

Location Tonnes 0 to 50 km

Percent

Tonnes

Percent

Tonnes

Percent

61,236,939

13%

4,604,271

26%

65,841,210

13%

51 to 100 km

171,184,558

35%

4,983,740

28%

176,168,298

35%

101 to 150 km

250,587,393

52%

8,454,616

47%

259,042,009

52%

Catchment Area Total

483,008,890

100%

18,042,627

100%

501,051,517

100%

Potential Biomass (Million Tonnes)

Catchment Areas Wood Type (Allocated + Unallocated) 150 100 50 0 Stem Wood

Top Wood

Stem Bark 0-50km

51-100km

Top Bark

Foliage

Branch

101-150km

Table 8. Constituent Summary of Potential Green Area Forest Biomass

Average Energy of Potential Biomass (GJ/Tonne)

25 20 15 10 5

Constituents

Average Tonnes/Tonne of Biomass

Energy Content

0.60 0.50 0.40 0.30 0.20 0.10 0.00

0

8

Aboveground and belowground biomass in oven dry tonnes as per the BRIMS framework. Estimates do not represent annual supply.

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3.2.2

FORESTED WHITE AREA

The White Area in Alberta is comprised of settled lands and covers approximately 42% of the province [9]. Primary land uses include: settlements, agriculture, oil and gas development, tourism and recreation, and conservation of natural spaces. Roughly 75% of the White Area is privately owned [9]. Approximately 9% of the study area is forested White Area which includes private woodlots, plantations and shelterbelts. Potential biomass can be sourced from these woodlots. Biomass summaries include all parts of the tree, including top wood, top bark, stem wood, etc. Excluded from this analysis is stump wood and stump bark as this data is not currently available within the BRIMS framework. Estimates are based on the amount of theoretical potential biomass within the area of interest, and do not account for forest regrowth or other ecological or sustainability constraints. Estimates do not represent an annual supply. Table 9. Theoretical Potential White Area Forest Biomass9 Broadleaf

Mixedwood

Coniferous

Total Potential

Catchment Area Tonnes

Percent

Tonnes

Percent

Tonnes

Percent

Tonnes

6,400,398

14%

153,636

12%

1,352,955

12%

7,906,989

14%

51 to 100 km

10,953,804

24%

453,705

36%

3,782,666

33%

15,190,174

26%

101 to 150 km

28,314,202

62%

668,020

52%

6,263,717

55%

35,245,939

60%

Catchment Area Total

45,668,404

100%

1,275,361

100%

11,399,338

100%

58,343,103

100%

0 to 50 km

Potential Biomass (Million Tonnes)

Catchment Areas 50 40 30 20 10 0 Broadleaf

Mixedwood 0 to 50 km

9

Percent

51 to 100 km

Coniferous

101 to 150 km

Aboveground biomass in oven dry tonnes as per the BRIMS framework. Estimates do not represent annual supply.

PAGE | 23


PRE-FEASIBILITY SCAN OF POTENTIAL BIOMASS SUPPLY WHITECOURT

Table 10. Constituent Summary of White Area Forest Biomass

Average Energy of Potential Biomass (GJ/Tonne)

20 15 10 5

Constituents

Average Tonnes/Tonne of Biomass

Energy Content

0.6 0.5 0.4 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.0

0

3.2.3

MILL RESIDUES

Operating forest product mills were identified within the study area. The BRIMS framework was then leveraged to estimate potential biomass within the region through sourcing waste from saw mills, veneer mills, OSB mills, and pulp and paper mills10. Estimates are based on the amount of residue produced by a forest product mill per annum. This residue may already be allocated to other sources and not tactically available. Estimates will also vary year to year as mill production varies. Lumber, pulp and paper, and OSB mills are operating in the area of interest.

10

Mill waste summarizes the residue surplus from operating mills within the area of interest based on average log volume consumed (m3). Mills with no production data available and small mills (<100,000 m3/yr) are excluded from the analysis

PAGE | 24


PRE-FEASIBILITY SCAN OF POTENTIAL BIOMASS SUPPLY WHITECOURT

Table 11. Theoretical Potential Mill Waste Biomass11 Lumber

Pulp & Paper

OSB

Veneer

Total Potential

Catchment Area Tonnes

0 to 50 km

278,722

Percent

Tonnes

43% 162,239

Percent

Tonnes

Percent

Tonnes

Percent

Tonnes

Percent

65%

0

0%

0

0% 440,961

46%

0%

96,474

10%

51 to 100 km

63,118

10%

0

0%

33,356

95%

0

101 to 150 km

300,208

47%

87,626

35%

1,756

5%

23,910

100% 413,499

43%

Catchment Area Total

642,048

100% 249,865

100%

35,112

100%

23,910

100% 950,935

100%

Potential Biomass (Tonnes)

Catchment Areas Mill Residues 800,000 600,000 400,000 200,000 0 Lumber

Pulp and Paper 0-50km

51-100km

OSB

Veneer

101-150km

Table 12. Constituent Summary of Potential Mill Residue Biomass

Average Energy of Potential Biomass (GJ/Tonne)

25 20 15 10 5

Constituents

Average Energy of Potential Biomass (GJ/Tonne)

Energy Content

0.6 0.5 0.4 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.0

0

11

Per annum estimate in oven dry tonnes as per the BRIMS framework

PAGE | 25


PRE-FEASIBILITY SCAN OF POTENTIAL BIOMASS SUPPLY WHITECOURT

3.3

MUNICIPAL SOLID WASTE

Landfills located within the study area were identified. Estimates of potential biomass are based on five types of municipal solid waste: construction and demolition (wood components only), organic yard waste, wood, sludge and mixed solid waste (organic components only). Estimates are based on the annual reported incoming waste by landfill. Landfill estimates for sludge are assumed to be dry weight, however, landfill reports do not necessarily specify whether or not reported weights are dry or wet. Other sources of municipal solid waste are dry weight and this is reflected in the biomass calculations. Table 13. Theoretical Potential Municipal Solid Waste Biomass Construction & Demolition

Wood Catchment Area Tonnes

Mixed Waste

Organic Yard Waste

Total Potential

Sludge

Percent Tonnes Percent Tonnes Percent Tonnes Percent Tonnes

Percent

Tonnes

Percent

0 to 50 km

0

0%

8

0%

5,896

7%

0

0%

0

0%

5,904

5%

51 to 100 km

0

0%

527

8%

396

0%

0

0%

0

0%

923

1%

101 to 150 km

1,669

100%

6,200

92%

80,566

93%

20,838

100%

5,147

100% 114,420

94%

Catchment Area Total

1,669

100%

6,735

100%

86,858

100%

20,838

100%

5,147

100% 121,247

100%

Potential Biomass (Tonnes)

Catchment Areas Municipal Solid Waste 100,000 80,000 60,000 40,000 20,000 0 Wood

Construction Demolition Waste

0-50km

Mixed Waste

51-100km

Yard Waste and Animal Remains

Sludge

101-150km

PAGE | 26


PRE-FEASIBILITY SCAN OF POTENTIAL BIOMASS SUPPLY WHITECOURT

3.4

TOTAL THEORETICAL BIOMASS POTENTIAL

Investment in and innovation associated with biomass in Alberta will likely depend on sound information about the availability of biomass resources in the province. Table 14, Figure 8 and Figure 9 illustrate the amount of potential biomass within the catchment areas. Table 14. Total Theoretical Biomass

Catchment Areas12

Category

Crop Biomass13 Livestock Biomass14 Green Area Forest Biomass15 White Area Forest Biomass16 Mill Waste Biomass17 MSW Biomass18

0 to 50km

51 to 100km

101 to 150km

(Tonnes)

(Tonnes)

(Tonnes)

Catchment Area Total Potential (Tonnes)

613,169

2,162,745

4,987,256

7,763,170

20,868

45,185

82,889

148,942

65,841,210

176,168,298

259,042,009

501,051,517

7,906,989

15,190,174

35,245,939

58,343,103

440,961

96,474

413,499

950,935

5,904

923

114,420

121,247

12

Catchment areas are centred surrounding the Whitecourt Town centre and only include area within the province of Alberta. 13 Crop seed and residue per annum estimated in oven dry tonnes as per the BRIMS framework 14 Manure and processing waste per annum estimated in dry tonnes as per the BRIMS framework 15 Aboveground and belowground biomass in oven dry tonnes in the allocated and unallocated landbase as per the BRIMS framework. Estimates do not represent annual supply. 16 Aboveground biomass in oven dry tonnes as per the BRIMS framework. Estimates do not represent annual supply. 17 Per annum estimate in oven dry tonnes as per the BRIMS framework. 18 Wood, construction & demolition, mixed waste, organic waste and residential sludge per annum estimated in dry tonnes as per the BRIMS framework

PAGE | 27


PRE-FEASIBILITY SCAN OF POTENTIAL BIOMASS SUPPLY WHITECOURT

Figure 8 Map of agriculture biomass (See Appendix B for full size map)

PAGE | 28


PRE-FEASIBILITY SCAN OF POTENTIAL BIOMASS SUPPLY WHITECOURT

Figure 9 Map of woody biomass (See Appendix B for full size maps)

PAGE | 29


PRE-FEASIBILITY SCAN OF POTENTIAL BIOMASS SUPPLY WHITECOURT

4. NEXT STEPS Biomass resource assessments evaluate the resource potential of a given location and provide critical information to support decision-making processes in guiding bio-industry development strategies. This initiative between AEDT, AI Bio and five Alberta communities analyses the make-up and distribution of theoretical potential biomass supply providing a cornerstone to advancing regional bio-economies. The pre-feasibility scan of potential biomass supply summarized the theoretical resource potential within three catchment zones surrounding the Town of Whitecourt using a spatially explicit, comprehensive biomass inventory, BRIMS. The analysis illustrates the region’s full resource potential in forests, agriculture and organic wastes presenting significant opportunity for the community. The information in this report will help guide the development of targeted business strategies to expand the bio-economy. The analysis can be further refined for targeted industries to examine the technical, economic and sustainable implementation biomass potential. Further regional analysis to assess biomass potential include: 

Analysis of existing industrial allocations and utilization of potential biomass sources

Technical availability of biomass sources based on environmental constraints, harvesting techniques, processing techniques and infrastructure / accessibility requirements

Economic potential of biomass resources considering harvesting techniques, processing techniques, transportation costs, etc.

Sustainable implementation potential of biomass resources considering local policy, social constraints, ecosystem services assessment, etc.

Risk assessment of biomass feedstocks examining historical variability in supply, climate change and other supply chain factors.

PAGE | 30


PRE-FEASIBILITY SCAN OF POTENTIAL BIOMASS SUPPLY WHITECOURT

5. Works Cited [1] Alberta Innovates Bio Solutions, "Advancing the Bioeconomy: Factsheet," August 2011. [Online]. Available: http://bio.albertainnovates.ca/media/16748/aibio_factsheet_advancingbioeconomy.pdf.

[2] J. Stephen and S. Wood-Bohm, "Biomass Innovation: Canada's leading cleantech opportunity for greenhouse gas reduction and economic prosperity," February 2016. [Online]. Available: http://bio.albertainnovates.ca/media/85260/biomass_ghgeconomy_canada_2016.pdf.

[3] M. W. Vis and D. van den Berg, "Harmonization of biomass resource assessments, Volume 1 Best Practices and Methods Handbook," Biomass Energy Europe, Germany, 2010.

[4] Alberta Innovates Bio Solutions, "Corporate Information," 8 August 2016. [Online]. Available: http://bio.albertainnovates.ca/about/corpinfo/.

[5] Town of Whitecourt, "2013 municipal Census," Town of Whitecourt, Whitecourt, 2013.

[6] Statistics Canada, "Statistics Canada, Whitecourt Alberta," Statistics Canada, 2 May 2012. [Online]. [Accessed 14 July 2016].

[7] Mayor of Whitecourt, "Doing Business in Whitecourt," County of Whitecourt, 2015. [Online]. [Accessed 20 June 2016].

[8] Government of Alberta, "Land-Use Framework," 2008. [Online]. Available: https://landuse.alberta.ca/LandUse%20Documents/Land-use%20Framework%20-%202008-12.pdf.

[9] Government of Alberta, "Sustainable Forest Management: Current facts and statistics," 2011. [Online]. Available: http://www1.agric.gov.ab.ca/$department/deptdocs.nsf/all/formain15744/$file/GeneralBoundaryCurrentFactsAndStatistics-2011.pdf?OpenElement.

PAGE | 31


PRE-FEASIBILITY SCAN OF POTENTIAL BIOMASS SUPPLY WHITECOURT

APPENDIX A: THE BRIMS FRAMEWORK Accompanying this document is a spreadsheet that contains a detailed summary of biomass pools as per the BRIMS framework.

PAGE | 32


Theoretical Potential Biomass (tonnes)

Concentric Rings 0-50km

51-100km

101-150km

Agriculture:

634,037

2,207,930

5,070,144

Crops:

613,169

2,162,745

4,987,256

108,498

554,166

1,425,741

Wheat

31,545

301,832

834,357

Barley

48,950

98,720

137,706

579

2,422

12,406

27,424

151,192

441,271

504,671

1,608,579

3,561,515

Wheat

34,699

332,015

917,793

Barley

39,160

78,976

110,165

637

2,664

13,647

60,333

332,623

970,795

369,841

862,300

1,549,115

20,868

45,185

82,889

Crop Seed:

Oats Canola

Crop Residue:

Oats Canola Hay

Livestock: Manure:

20,868

42,901

78,525

Cattle

13019

25618

42086

Swine

5877

10855

17808

Poultry

460

2414

8647

Sheep

1252

2725

5455

Turkey

260

1290

4528

0

2,284

4,364

Cattle Meat

-

1,857

2,579

Swine Meat

-

417

340

Poultry Meat

-

-

351

Sheep Meat

-

10

18

Turkey Meat

-

-

1,075

73,748,199

191,358,473

294,287,948

7,906,989

15,190,174

35,245,939

6,400,398

10,953,804

28,314,202

153,636

453,705

668,020

1,352,955

3,782,666

6,263,717

65,841,210

176,168,298

259,042,009

Net Landbase Stands:

39,201,227

109,486,052

151,775,176

Coniferous:

19,463,246

62,110,484

79,443,115

11,108,596

35,460,154

45,774,939

Top Wood

256,099

817,503

1,055,301

Stem Bark

1,435,114

4,350,681

5,344,896

33,085

100,301

123,222

Animal Processing Waste:

Forest: White Area: Broadleaf Mixed Coniferous

Green Area:

Stem Wood

Top Bark Foliage

1,480,001

4,709,357

5,867,192

Branches

883,375

3,068,574

3,865,707

Stump Wood

647,455

2,066,764

2,667,953


Theoretical Potential Biomass (tonnes)

Agriculture:

Stump Bark Coarse Roots Fine Roots

Deciduous: Stem Wood

Concentric Rings 0-50km

51-100km

101-150km

83,644

253,576

311,523

355,288

1,191,199

1,286,083

3,180,588

10,092,375

13,146,300

10,585,737

25,192,061

25,823,953

5,754,743

13,530,821

14,051,956

Top Wood

219,875

516,979

536,891

Stem Bark

1,088,698

2,505,938

2,569,688

41,596

95,746

98,181

Foliage

823,384

1,914,410

1,968,532

Branches

319,232

1,078,793

899,059

Stump Wood

349,067

820,744

852,354

Top Bark

Stump Bark

66,038

152,004

155,870

179,890

464,669

419,756

1,743,214

4,111,958

4,271,666

9,152,244

22,183,507

46,508,108

Landbase Deletion Stands:

22,035,712

61,698,506

98,812,217

Coniferous:

10,569,801

34,556,865

48,768,132

6,027,888

19,747,176

28,104,488

Top Wood

138,968

455,254

647,925

Stem Bark

785,628

2,441,017

3,291,862

18,112

56,276

75,891

Foliage

806,310

2,607,205

3,597,666

Branches

475,567

1,678,793

2,360,715

Stump Wood

351,330

1,150,947

1,638,046

45,790

142,273

191,863

198,786

624,656

820,212

1,721,423

5,653,269

8,039,465

6,176,744

14,223,712

16,261,298

3,353,344

7,689,885

8,853,573

Top Wood

128,123

293,812

338,273

Stem Bark

639,453

1,427,984

1,635,378

Coarse Roots Fine Roots Dead Woody Material:

Stem Wood

Top Bark

Stump Bark Coarse Roots Fine Roots Deciduous: Stem Wood

Top Bark

24,432

54,560

62,484

Foliage

482,150

1,084,934

1,241,053

Branches

184,925

535,459

540,125

Stump Wood

203,405

466,448

537,034

38,788

86,618

99,198

106,739

249,591

275,884

Stump Bark Coarse Roots Fine Roots

1,015,386

2,334,422

2,678,296

Dead Woody Material:

5,289,166

12,917,929

33,782,788

Unallocated Stands:

4,604,271

4,983,740

8,454,616

Coniferous:

1,205,146

2,037,032

3,403,082

664,310

1,147,054

1,908,757

Stem Wood


Theoretical Potential Biomass (tonnes)

Agriculture:

Concentric Rings 0-50km

51-100km

101-150km

Top Wood

15,315

26,444

44,005

Stem Bark

114,926

165,868

274,208

2,650

3,824

6,322

Foliage

95,641

156,350

257,586

Branches

47,949

90,903

166,736

Stump Wood

38,719

66,855

111,250

6,698

9,667

15,982

18,039

34,390

47,200

200,899

335,677

571,036

2,058,108

1,653,837

2,942,094

1,096,709

900,642

1,586,331

Top Bark

Stump Bark Coarse Roots Fine Roots Deciduous: Stem Wood Top Wood

41,903

34,411

60,610

Stem Bark

224,541

177,966

321,811

8,579

6,800

12,296

164,982

127,359

223,366

Branches

67,356

40,782

87,450

Stump Wood

66,523

54,631

96,223

Stump Bark

13,620

10,795

19,520

Coarse Roots

29,103

25,679

40,003

344,793

274,773

494,486

1,341,018

1,292,871

2,109,439

Top Bark Foliage

Fine Roots Dead Woody Material:

Mill Waste

440,961

96,474

413,499

Lumber

278,722

63,118

300,208

Pulp and Paper

162,239

-

87,626

OSB

-

33,356

1,756

Veneer

-

-

23,910

5,904

923

114,420

Municipal Solid Waste Wood

-

-

1,669

Construction & Demolition

8

527

6,200

5,896

396

80,566

Sludge

-

-

5,147

Animal Remains

-

-

11

Organic Yard Waste

-

-

20,828

Mixed Waste


PRE-FEASIBILITY SCAN OF POTENTIAL BIOMASS SUPPLY WHITECOURT

APPENDIX B: ADDITIONAL MAPS

PAGE | 33


REGIONAL PRE-FEASIBILITY SCAN OF POTENTIAL BIOMASS - TOWN OF WHITECOURT ABMI WALL-TO-WALL LAND COVER MAP (2010 VERSION 1.0) Rge 3

Rge 1

Rge 26

Rge 25

Rge 24

Rge 23

Rge 22

Rge 21

Rge 20

Rge 19

Rge 18

Rge 17

R Kathleen !

Rge 16

Rge 15

Rge 14

Rge 13

Rge 12

Rge 11

Rge 10

Rge 9

Rge 8

Rge 7

Rge 6

Rge 5

Rge 4

Rge 3

Rge 2

Rge 1

Rge 26

Rge 25

Rge 24

Rge 23

Rge 22

Rge 21

Rge 20

Rge 19

R !

R ! R !

LANDCOVER CLASSES

Grouard Mission

Grouard Twp 74

Twp 75

FEATURES OF INTEREST

Guy

Twp 75

Twp 76

LEGEND

Rge 2

ABMI WALL-TO-WALL LAND COVER MAP (2010 VERSION 1.0)

Rock/Rubble

R !

R !

Enilda R !

Canyon Creek

Joussard

Exposed land

R !

Widewater Twp 73

Developed Shrubland

150 km

R !

Grassland

R !

Faust

R ! R !

Twp 73

Twp 74

Snow/Ice

Wagner

Kinuso Slave Lake

Calling Lake

R !

Agriculture Bezanson R !

Mixed Forest

DeBolt

Twp 71

R !

R !

R !

Twp 70

PLANIMETRIC LEGEND

Crooked Creek

BOUNDARIES

Twp 71

R !

R !

Spurfield

Smith

Twp 70

Broadleaf Forest

R !

Sturgeon Heights R !

Calais R !

Valleyview Twp 69

Twp 72

Coniferous Forest

Twp 72

High Prairie

Water

Town of Whitecourt Provincial Boundary ALBERTA TOWNSHIP SYSTEM

Chisholm

Township

R !

Town / Village / Hamlet

Swan Hills

Athabasca

Flatbush

R !

R !

Twp 65

Twp 66

R !

R !

Little Smoky

Twp 66

Twp 67

City

Twp 67

m k 0 0 1

Twp 68

POPULATED AREAS R !

Twp 68

Twp 69

Concentric Ring Buffer

Colinton

R !

Twp 64

Twp 65

ALBERTA INDEX

Twp 64

R !

Fawcett

Twp 63

m k 50

Jarvie

Rochester

Fox Creek

R !

Newbrook! R Neerlandia

R !

Twp 61

R !

Pibroch

R !

Abee Twp 60

R !

Tawatinaw

Twp 61

Twp 62

R !

Twp 62

Twp 63

R !

R !

Blue Ridge

Whitecourt

R !

R !

Barrhead

Manola

R !

Twp 59

Clyde

Twp 59

R !

R !

R !

R !

Pickardville

Vimy

R !

Busby

R !

R !

Rochfort Bridge

R !

Highway

R !

R !

Sangudo

Bon Accord

Rich Valley

Gibbons

R !

R !

R !

R !

Rivière Qui Barre

Glenevis

Morinville Cardiff R !

R !

R !

Twp 55

Twp 56

R !

Cherhill

Carbondale

R ! Twp 55

R ! R !

Peers R !

Twp 53

R !

R !

Marlboro R !

Dar well

R !

Fort Saskatchewan

Calahoo

R !

Villeneuve

R !

R !

Niton

Niton Junction

R !

Entwistle

R !

Magnolia Bridge

Edson

R !

Gainford

St. Albert

R !

Ardrossan

Fallis R !

Wabamun R !

Hornbeck

R !

R !

Spruce Grove

Stony Plain

Carvel

Twp 52

R !

Onoway

Alberta Beach

R !

R !

Twp 53

EDMONTON

R !

Twp 54

North Saskatchewan

Gunn

Josephburg

Lamoureux

R !

Wyeclif R ! t rof Whitec

Edmonton

Spring Lake

Twp 52

Upper Athabasca

Twp 56

Twp 57

R !

Redwater

R !

Legal

Twp 54

Twp 58

Green Court Mayerthorpe

Upper Peace

Egremont

R !

Twp 58

R !

Westlock

Windfall

Thorhild

R !

Cooking Lake

Twp 51

Lower Athabasca

R !

Twp 57

Twp 60

Lower Peace

R !

R ! R !

Hinton

R !

Tomahawk R !

Devon

Nisku

R !

Beaumont Twp 50

Twp 51

Red Deer

R !

Entrance

New Sarepta

Twp 49

South Saskatchewan

R !

Cynthia

Telfordville

R !

R !

Drayton Valley

Robb

Buford

R !

R !

R !

Warburg

INDEX LEGEND

Thorsby

R !

Rolly View

Leduc

Calmar

R !

Twp 49

R !

Rocky Rapids

R !

Hay Lakes ! R

R !

Kavanagh

Sunnybrook

R !

Twp 48

Twp 50

CALGARY

R !

Land Use Framework Boundary

Lodgepole

R !

Millet

Breton

R !

R !

Pipestone

Mulhurst

Bittern Lake R ! Gwynne

R !

Twp 47

R !

Twp 47

Map Extent

Buck Creek

R !

Cadomin

Twp 46

Brazeau Dam

Alder Flats

R !

Buck Lake

R !

Winfield

R !

Wetaskiwin

Falun

R !

Twp 45

R !

Twp 46

Twp 48

R !

25

50

Kilometres

Scale: 1:400,000 COPYRIGHT © 2016 SILVACOM LTD. ANY USE, DUPLICATION OR DISTRIBUTION WITHOUT PERMISSION IS PROHIBITED. THIS MAP WAS DEVELOPED USING AVAILABLE INFORMATION AND MAY NOT ACCURATELY REPRESENT THE LOCATION, DEFINITION OR DISTRIBUTION OF LAND BASE FEATURES.

Hobbema

R !

Map Version: 1.00 Map Date: November 15, 2016 Map Production: Silvacom Ltd. Silvacom Ref: X-035 Map File: ...\Landcover.mxd

Bluffton

Twp 43

20

R !

Ponoka

R !

Twp 42

15

R !

Hoadley

Twp 44

10

Jasper

Twp 43

5

Rimbey

Twp 42

0

R !

Twp 44

Twp 45

R !

R ! Rge 2

Rge 1

Rge 28

Rge 27

Rge 26

Rge 25

Rge 24

Rge 23

Rge 22

Rge 21

Rge 20

Rge 19

Rge 18

Rge 17

Rge 16

Rge 15

Rge 14

Rge 13

Rge 12

Rge 11

Rge 10

Rge 9

Rge 8

Rge 7

Rge 6

Rge 5

Rge 4

Rge 3

Rge 2

Rge 1

Rge 28

Rge 27

Rge 26

Rge 25

Rge 24

Rge 23

Rge 22


REGIONAL PRE-FEASIBILITY SCAN OF POTENTIAL BIOMASS - TOWN OF WHITECOURT POTENTIAL BIOMASS DERIVED FROM AGRICULTURAL SOURCES

Rge 21

Rge 20

Rge 19 Kathleen

Winagami Lake

Rge 18

Rge 17

Winagami Lake

R !

Winagami Wildland

R !

Rge 13

R !

Little Smoky River

Twp 74

5,001 - 10,000 10,001 - 15,000

Rge 14

R Grouard Mission ! Grouard

Twp 75

TOTAL AGRICULTURE (TONNES / TOWNSHIP) 1 - 5,000

Rge 15

Rge 12

Rge 11

Rge 10

Iroquois Lakes

High Prairie

Maurice Lake

R !

R !

Enilda

Twp 73 Twp 72

45,001 - 50,000

55,001 +

Rge 25

Rge 24

Widewa R ter ! ! R Canyon Wagner ! R k Cree

Simonette River

Peter Lake

Faust

R !

Slave Lake

Mitsue Lake

Sturgeon RLake !

Sturgeon Heights

Snipe Lake

Sturgeon Lake Williamson

Paul Lake

R !

Spurfield

R !

Calling Lake

Smith

Hondo

R !

Calais

Lawrence Lake

Goose Lake

Ghost Lake

1

Side Lake

White Area

Twp 68

Chisholm

Blefgen Lake

Lake Gray

Brereton Lake

Twp 67

Arterial WATER

Edith Lake

Grassy Lake

Waskahigan River

Lake / River

R !

Twp 66

Stream / Canal / Oxbow / Ditch

Goose Mountain

Chrystina Lake

Athabasca

Roche Lake

R !

Swan Hills

Little Smoky

Windfall Lake

R !

R !

Francis Lake

Flatbush

Freeman Lake

Twp 65

Meekwap Lake

Hubert Lake Wildland

Freeman River

km

Trapper Lea's Cabin

50

Twp 63

4,000,000

Pines

Twp 62

Fawcett

Centre of Alberta

R !

Iosegun Lake

Jarvie

Vega

Armstrong Lake

R !

Fort Assiniboine Sandhills Wildland

R !

Newbrook

Rochester

Newbrook! R

Noel Lake

43 " )

Smoke Lake

2,000,000

R !

Spruce Island Lake

Fox Creek

3,000,000

Colinton

R !

Long End Lake

Twp 64

5,000,000

Steele Lake

Sara Lake

Giroux Lake

6,000,000

Bleak Lake

Cross Lake

Deep Lake

Duck Lake

GRAPH

Twp 66

September Lake

Twp 65

Expressway / Highway

m k 00

Long Lake

Green Area

R !

Twp 64

ROAD CLASSES

Howie Lake

Chisholm 43 " )

Poacher's Landing

Chain Lakes

Twp 67

LAND DESIGNATIONS

Meyer Lake

Twp 63

Town / Village / Hamlet

Calling Lake

Calling Lake

Valleyview

R !

Twp 68

Natural Area, Ecological Reserve, Wilderness Area, PRA

Rge 19

R !

Grizzly Ridge Wildland

Stump Lake

Provincial Park, Wildland Provincial Park, Wilderness Park

City

Rge 20

Twp 62

POPULATED AREAS

Rge 21

Saulteaux

Twp 69

National Park

Rge 22

Fawcett Lake

Muskeg Lake

Lawrence Lake

PARKS AND PROTECTED AREAS

Provincial Boundary

Rge 23

Otter Lake

Township

Concentric Ring Buffer

Tawatinaw

Neerlandia

R !

R !

Tawatinaw

Goose Lake

0 to 50 km

51 to 100 km Catchment Area

101 to 150 km

Windfall

R ! 43 " )

Blue Ridge

Whitecourt

R !

Mystery Lake

R ! Twp 59

ALBERTA INDEX

Barrhead

Thunder Lake

R !

Manola

R !

Leech Lake

R !

Taylor Lake Redwater River Halfmoon Lake

Vimy

Roselea

R !

R !

Pickardville

Thorhild

Halfway Lake

R !

R ! Sides Lake

Bridge Lakes

Bridge Lake

Clyde

Westlock

Twp 60

Clear Lake

Bear Lake

0

R !

Twp 59

Carson-Pegasus

Abee

Pibroch

R !

R !

Egremont Twp 58

Twp 61

1,000,000

Holmes Crossing Sandhills

McLeod Lake

Twp 60

Theoretical Potential Biomass (Tonnes)

Rge 26

Twp 61

Town of Whitecourt

Rge 1

Otauwau

Young's Point

ALBERTA TOWNSHIP SYSTEM

BOUNDARIES

Rge 2

Crooked Creek

Twp 70

PLANIMETRIC LEGEND

R !

R !

Twp 71

50,001 - 55,000

Rge 3

Howard Lake

1

R !

43 ) "

R !

m k 50

30,001 - 35,000

DeBolt

Rge 4

Orloff Lake

Kinuso

Bezanson

Rge 5

Lesser Slave Lake

R !

R !

Rge 6

Rock Island Lake

R !

20,001 - 25,000

35,001 - 40,000

Rge 7

Lesser Slave Lake Wildland

Hilliard's Bay

Joussard

40,001 - 45,000

Rge 8

Lesser Slave Lake

15,001 - 20,000

25,001 - 30,000

Rge 9

Police Point

Guy

FEATURES OF INTEREST

Rge 16

Twp 75

Rge 22

Twp 74

Rge 23

Twp 73

Rge 24

Twp 72

Rge 25

Twp 71

Rge 26

Twp 70

Rge 1

Twp 76

LEGEND

Rge 2

Twp 69

Rge 3

Romeo Lake

William A. Switzer

Obed Lake

R !

Hornbeck Creek

R !

Round Lake

Nojack

16 ) "

R !

Entwistle

Yates 16 ) "

Jarvis Lake

Hinton

Fickle Lake

16 " )

Wolf Lake Wolf Lake West

Twp 48

R !

Twp 45

Jasper National Park of Canada

Brazeau R Brazeau ! Reservoir

R ! Rocky Rapids

Modeste Creek

Eagle Point

Dam

Telfordville! R

Coyote Lake

R !

Warburg

Thorsby

R !

Devon

Nisku

Twp 43

Twp 57 Twp 56

Sherwood Park Cooking Lake

Poplar Creek

R !

Hay Lakes ! R Kavanagh

Millet

Wizard Lake

Breton

R !

R !

Pigeon Lake

R !

Watelet Lake

R !

Pigeon Lake

Gwynne

Winfield

R !

R !

Lloyd Creek

Town Lake

Battle Lake

Town Creek

Bittern Lake

Pipestone

Mount Butte

R !

Peaceful Valley

Bittern Lake

Hoadley

Hobbema

R !

R !

Wilson Creek

Medicine Lake

R !

Wetaskiwin

Falun

Hoadley

Anderson Creek

Joseph Lake

R !

Coal Lake North

Horseshoe Creek

O'Chiese

Rolly View

New Sarepta

R !

R !

Bluffton

Dick Lake

Samson Lake

"2 )

93A

R Ponoka ! Open Creek

Aurora Rge 28

Wyeclif

Beaumont

Leduc

" )

Rge 1

R !

Telford Lake

Sunnybrook

Brazeau Canyon Wildland

Rge 2

Boag Lake

R !

Carnwood Modeste

Buck Lake Calhoun Buck Lake Bay

Buck Lake

Calmar

R !

R !

R !

Brown Creek

Buford

R ! Alsike Bat Lake

Buck Lake Creek

Thorsby

Mulhurst

Alder Flats

Brazeau River

93 " )

628

2 " )

Burtonsville St. Island Francis

R !

Blue Rapids

Brazeau Reservoir

Elk River

Pembina Forks

Jasper

Kilometres Map Version: 1.00 Map Date: November 15, 2016 Map Production: Silvacom Ltd. Silvacom Ref: X-035 Map File: ...\AgricultureBiomass.mxd

Rocky Rapids

Washout Creek

Fairfax Lake

" )

14 ) "

R !

Cooking Lake! R

Genesee

Modeste Saskatchewan

Buck Creek

Cadomin

Whitehorse Whitehorse Creek Wildland

Whitecroft! R

Edmonton

Spring Lake

R !

Lovett River

Twp 44

50

16A

Twp 47

Robb

Watson Creek

R !

" )

R !

Zeta Lake

R !

R !

Wagner

Ardrossan

16 " )

60 ) "

Drayton R ! Valley

Marshybank

THIS MAP WAS DEVELOPED USING AVAILABLE INFORMATION AND MAY NOT ACCURATELY REPRESENT THE LOCATION, DEFINITION OR DISTRIBUTION OF LAND BASE FEATURES.

R !

Strathcona Science

Twp 45

Twp 50

Easyford Creek Easyford

R !

R !

16 ) "

Scale: 1:400,000

Carvel

Spruce Grove

Tomahawk

Round Valley

Cynthia

Twp 49

Wildhorse Lake

Twp 46

AGRICULTURE BIOMASS IS SOURCED FROM CROP SEED, CROP RESIDUE, LIVESTOCK MANURE AND ANIMAL PROCESSING WASTE. ESTIMATES ARE BASED ON TONNES/TOWNSHIP/YEAR WITH 2014 AS THE BASE YEAR. ESTIMATES ARE THEORETICAL POTENTIAL AND DO NOT ACCOUNT FOR RECOVERABILITY, CURRENT INDUSTRY USES OR OTHER CONTRACTUAL ARRANGEMENTS. ESTIMATES WILL VARY FROM YEAR TO YEAR. PLEASE REFER TO THE BRIMS FRAMEWORK AND THE REGIONAL PRE-FEASIBILITY SCAN OF POTENTIAL BIOMASS REPORT (2016) FOR FURTHER DETAILS.

Stony Plain

216

R !

McLeod River

Twp 47

DISCLAIMER

COPYRIGHT © 2016 SILVACOM LTD. ANY USE, DUPLICATION OR DISTRIBUTION WITHOUT PERMISSION IS PROHIBITED.

R !

Weald

R !

25

R !

Wabamun Lake

Wabamun Lake

" )

Eta Lake

Lodgepole

20

) "

Wabamun

28 ) "

Clifford E. Lee

Bigoray

R !

South Saskatchewan

15

R !

16

Pembina River Moon Lake

R !

Brule Lake

10

R Gainford !

Fallis

St.Riverlot 56 Albert

Twp 44

Twp 51

Rock Lake Solomon Creek Wildland

Villeneuve

Twp 43

Twp 52

Rock Lake

Land Use Framework Boundary

5

R !

Lois Hole Centennial

Isle Lake

R Hornbeck Marlboro!

Entrance

CALGARY

0

Magnolia Bridge

Sang Lake

Minnow Lake

PLEASE NOTE: THE RESOLUTION OF THE DATA AND SUMMARY RESULTS WILL VARY DEPENDING ON BIOMASS TYPE, CONSISTENT WITH THE EXISTING DATA UTILIZED WITHIN ALBERTA’S BIO-RESOURCE INFORMATION MANAGEMENT SYSTEM (BRIMS). DATA USED IN THIS ANALYSIS IS REPRESENTATIVE OF A SNAP SHOT IN TIME AND VARIES DEPENDENT ON BIOMASS TYPE AND SOURCE OF ORIGINAL DATA. AS SUCH, THIS ANALYSIS MAY NOT REFLECT THE CURRENT OR FUTURE BIOMASS SUPPLY ON THE LANDSCAPE. WE ARE UTILIZING AVAILABLE DATA AS-IS, WITH NO FIELD VERIFICATION OR WARRANTY PROVIDED. BIOMASS POTENTIAL SUPPLY NUMBERS PROVIDED WILL BE A THEORETICAL ESTIMATE AND MAY NOT BE TACTICALLY AVAILABLE. SILVACOM LTD. HEREBY DISCLAIMS ANY LIABILITY AND SHALL NOT BE HELD LIABLE FOR ANY DAMAGES INCLUDING, WITHOUT LIMITATION, DIRECT, INDIRECT OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES INCLUDING LOSS OF REVENUE, LOSS OF PROFIT, LOSS OF OPPORTUNITY OR OTHER LOSS. ANY RELIANCE PLACED ON THIS MATERIAL IS DONE SO STRICTLY AT YOUR OWN RISK. THIS DISCLAIMER APPLIES TO ALL PORTIONS OF THIS BIOMASS POTENTIAL ANALYSIS.

R !

)2 "

Alberta Beach

Hasse Lake

Red Deer

Map Extent

Dussault Lake

Fort Saskatchewan

Calahoo

Bilby

R !

Wildhay

Rock Lake

INDEX LEGEND

R !

R !

R !

Twp 49

Obed Lake

Matthews Crossing

Chip Lake

Onoway

Gunn

Josephburg

Lamoureux! R

Twp 53

Niton

Carbondale

Rge 27

Rge 26

Rge 25

Rge 24

Rge 23

Rge 22

Rge 21

Rge 20

Rge 19

Rge 18

Rge 17

Rge 16

Rge 15

Rge 14

Rge 13

Rge 12

Rge 11

Rge 10

Rge 9

Rge 8

Rge 7

Rge 6

Rge 5

R ! Rge 4

Rge 3

Twp 42

Twp 53

Edson

Willmore

Gunn R ! Lac Ste. Anne

R Dar well ! R !

Cardiff

R !

R !

Sandy Lake

Twp 48

Peers

R !

Morinville

R !

Rivière Qui Barre

Birch Lake

Lily Lake

Little Sundance Creek

Toad Lake

Gibbons

R !

Park Court

Niton R ! Junction

North Saskatchewan

Glenevis

R !

Twp 52

Twp 56 Twp 55 Twp 54

Wildhay Glacial Cascades

R !

Kakina Lake

Cherhill

Arthur Lake

Bear Lake

Deadman Lake

R !

Northwest of Bruderheim

Bon Accord

Nakamun Lake

R !

Prefontaine Brock Lakes

Highway

Pinto Creek Canyon

Sundance

EDMONTON

Rich Valley

Oldman Lake

R !

Paddle River

Big Berland

Upper Athabasca

R !

43 " )

Lower Athabasca

Upper Peace

Manawan Lake

Sangudo

Paddle River Dam

R !

Redwater

Majeau Lake

R !

Highway

R !

Lac la Nonne

Pembina Majeau Lake River

Rochfort Bridge

Busby

Redwater

Twp 50

Twp 57

R !

R !

R !

Legal

Twp 55

Mayerthorpe

Lower Peace

George Lake

Twp 54

Cranes Lake

Lac La Nonne

Twp 46

Twp 58

R !

Opal

Newton Lake

Twp 51

Green Court

Whitecourt Mountain

Rimbey

Rge 2

Rge 1

Rge 28

Rge 27

Rge 26

Rge 25

Rge 24

Rge 23

Rge 22


REGIONAL PRE-FEASIBILITY SCAN OF POTENTIAL BIOMASS - TOWN OF WHITECOURT POTENTIAL BIOMASS DERIVED FROM WOODY MATERIALS

Rge 23

Rge 22

Rge 21

Rge 20

Rge 18 Winagami Lake

Rge 19

R Kathleen !

R !

Rge 16

Guy

Winagami Wildland

Little Smoky River

Twp 74

250,001 - 500,000

Grouard Mission Grouard

High Prairie

Iroquois Lakes Maurice Lake

R !

Rge 5

Rge 4

Rge 3

Rge 2

Rge 26

Rge 25

Rge 24

Bezanson R !

1

DeBolt

Twp 71

R !

Enilda

Simonette River Sturgeon RLake !

R !

Widewa R ter ! ! R Canyon Wagner ! R Creek

Kinuso

Otter Lake

Howard Lake

Fawcett Lake

Muskeg Lake

Faust

Peter Lake

Slave R ! Lake Mitsue Lake

R !

Paul Lake

Green Area

Expressway / Highway

Sturgeon Heights

R !

Spurfield Calling Lake

Smith

R !

Stum p Lake

Snipe Lake

Williamson

Calais

Grizzly Ridge Wildland

R !

R !

Hondo

Valleyview

Lawrence Lake

Goose Lake

Chain Lakes

Poacher's Landing

Howie Lake

Chisholm

R !

m k 0

Ghost Lake

10

Long Lake

Side Lake

Arterial

Meyer Lake

Chisholm 43 ) "

White Area

Calling Lake

Calling Lake

Blefgen Lake

Lake Gray

Twp 67

ROAD CLASSES

Rge 19

Twp 73

R !

km

Sturgeon Lake

Twp 68

LAND DESIGNATIONS

Rge 20

Saulteaux Young's Point

Natural Area, Ecological Reserve, Wilderness Area, PRA

Town / Village / Hamlet

Rge 21

Orloff Lake

Otauwau

Provincial Park, Wildland Provincial Park, Wilderness Park

City

Rge 22

Lesser Slave Lake

Crooked Creek

Twp 69

National Park

POPULATED AREAS

Rge 23

Lawrence Lake

PARKS AND PROTECTED AREAS

Provincial Boundary

Brereton Lake

Twp 66

R !

Roche Lake

R !

Swan Hills

Little Smoky

Windfall Lake

Francis Lake

Flatbush

R !

Cross Lake

Deep Lake

Duck Lake

Meekwap Lake

Long End Lake

Hubert Lake Wildland

Freeman River

m k 50

Twp 64

300,000

Twp 63

250,000

Pines

R !

Twp 62

Trapper Lea's Cabin

Fawcett

R !

Spruce Island Lake

Centre of Alberta

R Jar vie !

Iosegun Lake

200,000

150,000

Colinton

R !

Sara Lake

Giroux Lake

350,000

Steele Lake

Twp 64

Twp 65

GRAPH

Bleak Lake

R !

Freeman Lake

Athabasca

Twp 63

Stream / Canal / Oxbow / Ditch

Goose Mountain

Chrystina Lake

Twp 66

Waskahigan River

Vega

Fox Creek

R !

Newbrook! R

Noel Lake

43 " )

Newbrook

Rochester

Armstrong Lake

Fort Assiniboine Sandhills Wildland

Smoke Lake

Twp 62

Lake / River

Twp 65

Edith Lake

Grassy Lake

R !

Tawatinaw

Neerlandia

R !

Twp 61

Twp 67

September Lake

WATER

Tawatinaw

Goose Lake

Clear Lake

101 to 150 km

R !

Catchment Area

Westlock

Windfall

Sides Lake

43 " )

R !

Blue Ridge

Whitecourt

Mystery Lake

R !

Thunder Lake

R !

Pickardville

Cranes Lake

Nojack

16 ) "

Entwistle

Yates 16 ) "

Hinton

Fickle Lake

) "

R !

Wabamun Lake

Entrance

R !

R !

Easyford Creek Easyford

R !

Twp 48 Twp 47 Twp 45

Rocky Rapids

R !

Modeste Creek

Eagle Point

Lodgepole

Telfordville! R

Jasper

R !

Warburg

R !

Brazeau River

Poplar Creek

Twp 56 Twp 55 Twp 54

Hay Lakes ! R Kavanagh

Sunnybrook

R !

R !

R !

Mulhurst

R !

R !

Gwynne

Anderson Creek

Wetaskiwin

Falun

Battle Lake

Town Creek

R !

R !

Bittern Lake

R !

Lloyd Creek

Town Lake

R !

Pigeon Lake

Winfield

R !

Bittern Lake

Pipestone Watelet Lake

Mount Butte

Peaceful Valley

Hoadley

Hobbema! R

Hoadley

Wilson Creek

Medicine Lake

Millet

Wizard Lake

Breton

Pigeon Lake

Twp 44

Brown Creek

R !

Coal Lake North

Horseshoe Creek

O'Chiese

Leduc

R !

Joseph Lake

R !

R !

Buck Lake Calhoun Buck Lake Bay

Buck Lake

Calmar

Rolly View

Telford Lake

Bluffton

Dick Lake

Samson Lake

2 " )

R !

Ponoka

" ) 93A

Twp 43

R !

New Sarepta

R !

R !

Alder Flats

Brazeau Reservoir

Elk River

Pembina Forks

Cooking Lake

R !

R !

R !

Blue Rapids

Brazeau R ! Reservoir

Buford

Thorsby

Carnwood Modeste

Buck Lake Creek

Thorsby

Coyote Lake Alsike Bat Lake

Washout Creek

Fairfax Lake

Sherwood Park

2 " )

Modeste Francis Saskatchewan

Rocky Rapids

Buck Creek

Cadomin

Jasper National Park of Canada

R !

Rge 27

Rge 26

Rge 25

Rge 24

Rge 23

Rge 22

Rge 21

Rge 20

Rge 19

Rge 18

Rge 17

Rge 16

Rge 15

Rge 14

Rge 13

Rimbey

Open Creek

Aurora Rge 28

628

Beaumont

Nisku

Genesee

Lovett River

Marshybank

Twp 42

Twp 53

Devon

Drayton R ! Valley

Wolf Lake Wolf Lake West

Whitehorse Whitehorse Creek Wildland

Rge 1

" )

14 ) "

Wyeclif

60 ) "

Tomahawk

Burtonsville St. Island

Round Valley

Twp 50

Wildhorse Lake

R !

Rge 2

R !

Boag Lake

R !

Cynthia

93 ) "

Map Version: 1.00 Map Date: November 21, 2016 Map Production: Silvacom Ltd. Silvacom Ref: X-035 Map File: ...\TotalWoodyBiomass.mxd

R Whitecroft!

Edmonton

R !

McLeod River

Watson Creek

Kilometres

R !

16A

R !

Weald

Brazeau Canyon Wildland

50

Spring Lake

Carvel

Spruce " ) Grove

R !

Clifford E. Lee

Zeta Lake

R !

Stony Plain

Eta Lake

R Robb !

16 ) "

THIS MAP WAS DEVELOPED USING AVAILABLE INFORMATION AND MAY NOT ACCURATELY REPRESENT THE LOCATION, DEFINITION OR DISTRIBUTION OF LAND BASE FEATURES.

Wabamun

Ardrossan

16 " )

Strathcona Science

Cooking Lake

Bigoray

R !

Twp 46

WOODY BIOMASS IS SOURCED FROM THE FORESTED WHITE AREA, FORESTED GREEN AREA AND FOREST PRODUCT MILL RESIDUE. ESTIMATES ARE ODTS PER TOWNSHIP THAT REPRESENTS THE THEORETICAL AND UNSUSTAINABLE AMOUNT OF POTENTIAL BIOMASS IF ALL WOODY BIOMASS WAS STRIPPED FROM THE LANDSCAPE. THIS IS NOT A PER ANNUM ESTIMATE AND DOES NOT ACCOUNT FOR RECOVERABILITY, CURRENT INDUSTRY USESOR OTHER CONTRACTUAL ARRANGEMENTS. PLEASE REFER TO THE BRIMS FRAMEWORK AND THE REGIONAL PRE-FEASIBILITY SCAN OF POTENTIAL BIOMASS REPORT (2016) FOR FURTHER DETAILS.

216

Wagner

) " 16

Wabamun Lake

16

R !

DISCLAIMER

" )

Lois Hole Centennial

Pembina River Moon Lake

Land Use Framework Boundary

Scale: 1:400,000

R !

28 ) "

Twp 45

Twp 52 Twp 51

Rock Lake Solomon Creek Wildland

Twp 49

South Saskatchewan

COPYRIGHT © 2016 SILVACOM LTD. ANY USE, DUPLICATION OR DISTRIBUTION WITHOUT PERMISSION IS PROHIBITED.

R Gainford !

St.Riverlot 56 Albert

R !

Twp 47

Jarvis Lake

Brule Lake

25

Villeneuve

Alberta Beach

Fallis

R Hornbeck Marlboro!

Rock Lake

R !

CALGARY

20

Magnolia Bridge

Sang Lake

Minnow Lake

15

R !

2 " )

Hasse Lake

Red Deer

10

R !

R ! Bilby

R !

Wildhay

Rock Lake

5

R !

Isle Lake

Onoway

Gunn

Lac Ste. Anne

Fort Saskatchewan

Calahoo

Twp 52

Round Lake

R !

R !

Twp 51

R !

R !

Hornbeck Creek

R !

Dussault Lake

Josephburg

Lamoureux

Birch Lake

Gunn R !

Matthews Crossing

Chip Lake

Carbondale

R !

Twp 49

William A. Switzer

Obed Lake

Niton

R !

Sandy Lake

Twp 48

Obed Lake

R !

Rivière Morinville R ! Qui Cardiff Barre R !

R !

Twp 50

Twp 57 Twp 56 Twp 55 Twp 54 Twp 53

Edson

Willmore

Toad Lake

R Dar well !

Peers

Gibbons

R !

Kakina Lake

Glenevis

Lily Lake

R !

Deadman Lake

R !

Northwest of Bruderheim

Bon Accord

R !

Park Court

Little Sundance Creek

Redwater

Nakamun Lake

R !

Prefontaine Brock Lakes

Bear Lake

R !

Manawan Lake

Rich Valley

Oldman Lake

Arthur Lake

Wildhay Glacial Cascades

Busby

R !

Cherhill

Highway

Niton Junction

North Saskatchewan

R !

Sangudo

Redwater

R !

Legal

Majeau Lake

Paddle River

Sundance

Upper Peace

Rochfort Bridge

43 " )

Pinto Creek Canyon

George Lake

Lac la Nonne

Pembina Majeau River Lake

Paddle River Dam

Highway

Opal

Newton Lake

Lac La Nonne

R !

Big Berland

0

R !

Twp 46

Twp 58

R !

Lower Athabasca

PLEASE NOTE: THE RESOLUTION OF THE DATA AND SUMMARY RESULTS WILL VARY DEPENDING ON BIOMASS TYPE, CONSISTENT WITH THE EXISTING DATA UTILIZED WITHIN ALBERTA’S BIO-RESOURCE INFORMATION MANAGEMENT SYSTEM (BRIMS). DATA USED IN THIS ANALYSIS IS REPRESENTATIVE OF A SNAP SHOT IN TIME AND VARIES DEPENDENT ON BIOMASS TYPE AND SOURCE OF ORIGINAL DATA. AS SUCH, THIS ANALYSIS MAY NOT REFLECT THE CURRENT OR FUTURE BIOMASS SUPPLY ON THE LANDSCAPE. WE ARE UTILIZING AVAILABLE DATA AS-IS, WITH NO FIELD VERIFICATION OR WARRANTY PROVIDED. BIOMASS POTENTIAL SUPPLY NUMBERS PROVIDED WILL BE A THEORETICAL ESTIMATE AND MAY NOT BE TACTICALLY AVAILABLE. SILVACOM LTD. HEREBY DISCLAIMS ANY LIABILITY AND SHALL NOT BE HELD LIABLE FOR ANY DAMAGES INCLUDING, WITHOUT LIMITATION, DIRECT, INDIRECT OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES INCLUDING LOSS OF REVENUE, LOSS OF PROFIT, LOSS OF OPPORTUNITY OR OTHER LOSS. ANY RELIANCE PLACED ON THIS MATERIAL IS DONE SO STRICTLY AT YOUR OWN RISK. THIS DISCLAIMER APPLIES TO ALL PORTIONS OF THIS BIOMASS POTENTIAL ANALYSIS.

Egremont

Lake

Twp 57

Green Court

Whitecourt Mountain

R !

Map Extent

Vimy

R !

Romeo Lake

Lower Peace

INDEX LEGEND

Manola

Taylor Lake Redwater Halfmoon River

R !

R !

EDMONTON

Barrhead

Roselea

Mayerthorpe

Upper Athabasca

Halfway Lake

R !

R !

Leech Lake

Twp 59

ALBERTA INDEX

Clyde

R !

Thorhild

R !

Twp 44

51 to 100 km

Bridge Lakes

Bridge Lake

Twp 43

0 to 50 km

Twp 60

Bear Lake

0

R !

Twp 60

50,000

R !

Twp 59

Twp 61

Carson-Pegasus

Abee

Pibroch

Holmes Crossing Sandhills

McLeod Lake

Twp 58

100,000

Rge 12

Rge 11

Rge 10

Rge 9

Rge 8

Rge 7

Rge 6

Rge 5

Twp 42

Theoretical Potential Biomass ('000 Tonnes)

Rge 1

Township

Concentric Ring Buffer

R !

Rge 6

Rge 7

Twp 70

Twp 72

R !

50

Twp 70

ALBERTA TOWNSHIP SYSTEM

Rge 8

Rock Island Lake

R !

43 ) "

PLANIMETRIC LEGEND

Rge 9

R !

1,500,001 - 1,750,000 1,750,001 +

Rge 10

Lesser Slave Lake Wildland

Twp 73

1,250,001 - 1,500,000

Town of Whitecourt

Rge 11

Hilliard's Bay

Joussard

1,000,001 - 1,250,000

Rge 12

Lesser Slave Lake

750,001 - 1,000,000

BOUNDARIES

Rge 13

R !

R !

1 - 250,000

500,001 - 750,000

Rge 14

Twp 69

TOTAL WOODY BIOMASS (TONNES / TOWNSHIP)

Rge 15

Police Point

Twp 75

FEATURES OF INTEREST

Rge 17

Twp 75

Rge 24

Twp 74

Rge 25

Twp 72

Rge 26

Twp 71

Rge 1

Twp 76

LEGEND

Rge 2

Twp 68

Rge 3

R ! Rge 4

Rge 3

Rge 2

Rge 1

Rge 28

Rge 27

Rge 26

Rge 25

Rge 24

Rge 23

Rge 22

Profile for Town of Whitecourt

Whitecourt Biomass Study  

Regional Pre-Feasibility Scan of Potential Biomass Supply in Whitecourt

Whitecourt Biomass Study  

Regional Pre-Feasibility Scan of Potential Biomass Supply in Whitecourt