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Women’s and Gender Studies Wanda Balzano, Director Linda Mecum, Editor A106A Tribble Hall Winston-Salem, NC 27109 336/758-3758

at Wake Forest University

News & Notes No. 40/Spring-Summer 2007

News from the Director Wanda Balzano

As I write, Wake Forest’s College Strategic Plan for the next ten years is being submitted to the University Planning Council. This year we all diligently worked in our respective departments and units in order to put together strong and clear strategic plans that would enhance our mission as teachers, researchDirector (Continued on page 4)

WGS Students Attend Women’s Equality Summit The students in Dr. Patricia Willis’ WGS 377D class, Teaching Feminist Activism and Creating Feminist Activists, attended the annual Women’s Equality Summit in Washington, DC, on March 25-26. Equality Summit (Continued on page 13)

Author Mary Gordon Visits Wake Forest Campus Carolyn Jones (’09)

An Extraordinary Occasion to Honor an Extraordinary Person Evelyn West Ormond (’75) By their own accounts, when the Women’s and Gend e r Studies staff set Dr. Elizabeth Phillips and Evelyn out to Ormond get reacquainted before the create an luncheon honoring Dr. Phillips. occasion honoring Professor Emerita Elizabeth Phillips in connection with the first Elizabeth Phillips Award for Best Essay in Women’s and Gender Studies, they were especially Extraordinary (Continued on page 8)

Students of Wake Forest University, faculty, and members of t h e co m m u n i t y w e r e treated to a s p e c i a l occasion Mary Gordon (left) autographs her when author book as Carolyn Jones looks on. Mary Gordon spoke on campus in early March as a part of the Phyllis Trible Lecture Series. In her lecture, Gordon recounted her experience of growing up Catholic, her memories of her first communion, and the intense preparation leading up to the event. For the students in Professor Anne Boyle’s Women and Literature course, Mary Gordon (Continued on page 7)

What Do Students Say About None of the Above ? Actress and Greensboro native Jennifer Lanier performed her original, one-woman show on Wednesday, March 28, 7:00 p.m., in 102 Scales Fine Arts Center. None of the Above is a humorous presentation around sensitive issues, including gender and racial identity, family dynamics, and coming of age crises. With a Bachelor of Fine Arts from North Carolina School of the Arts, Lanier continues to work with NCSA as a guest artist and coach. She now lives in Pahoa, Hawaii. Here are some student responses to Photo courtesy of Nick Babladelis (’08) Lanier’s full-house performance: Jennifer Lanier (Continued on page 15)

AMSA Call for Papers and Conference Announcement Stephen Boyd (Religion) Wake Forest University will host the 16th Annual Conference of The American Men’s Studies Association, April 4-6, 2008. The title of the conference is “Masculinities and Institutions: Mapping the Connections.” Submissions are invited that draw AMSA (Continued on page 4)

Upcoming Events June 28-July 1, 2007

Past Debates, Present Possibilities, Future Feminisms National Women’s Studies Association 28th Annual Conference St. Charles, IL June 27-July 1, 2007

United States Social Forum National Women’s Working Group of USSF Atlanta Civic Center, Atlanta, GA August 27, 2007

WGS Open House – Everyone Welcome Tribble A106A 1:00 – 3:00 p.m. Monkey Models of Menopause: What Are They Saying About Estrogen? Dr. Mary Lou Voytko, Director, WFUBMC’s Women’s Health Center of Excellence WGS Faculty Colloquium Series Date/time/location TBA September 20, 2007

Sheila Kohler South African novelist (5 books) Time/Location TBA October 3-5, 2007

Immigration in a Land of Immigrants A WFU Voices of Our Time event Speakers/times/locations TBA March 4-5, 2008

Interfaith Feminisms: Jewish, Christian, and Muslim Sixth Annual Phyllis Trible Lecture Series, with guest lecturers Mary C. Boys, Union Theological Seminary Susannah Heschel, Dartmouth Yvonne Haddad, Georgetown Hibba Abugideiri, Villanova April 4-6, 2008 Masculinities and Institutions: Mapping the Connections 16th Annual Conference on Men & Masculinities Wake Forest University _____________________________________________________________________________________________

For information on any of these events visit our website at

“Do Not Suppress”: A Tribute to Jill Carraway

Most of those who have been associated with the Anne Boyle (English/WGS) Women’s and Gender Studies Program since the early eighties understand well the tremendous debt we owe to Jill Carraway, who recently retired from her position as Head of Collection Development of the Z. Smith Reynolds Library at Wake Forest University. Much to the delight of Mary DeShazer, the first Coordinator of the Women’s Studies Program, Carraway recognized how difficult it might be to develop a rich, interdisciplinary collection of academic resources for the new program. Programs did not have library budgets; departments controlled their own acquisitions, and, early on, there were some deep pockets of resistance for using departmental funds to purchase resources for the study of women. Boldly assuming the title of Women’s Studies Bibliographer, Carraway scoured university presses (and later trade presses) to build a wide-ranging, interdisciplinary collection to support research in women’s and gender studies. In addition, she created a “do not suppress” override for the Library Purchase Approval Plan to insure that faculty and students could expect the library to automatically receive important resources for the program. By proclaiming herself Women’s Studies Bibliographer, this very humble, gentle, yet indomitable woman became the first subject bibliographer at Wake Forest. In that capacity, Carraway fought for the unprecedented—a budget line for the Women’s Studies Program. Although the first budget was for a mere fifty dollars, Carraway was undeterred, explaining to a somewhat disappointed DeShazer that once they had a line item, they could expect increases, and, in fact, the budget did increase from $50 to $1,200 in the second year. For the last three decades Women’s and Gender Studies supporters have not only relied upon Jill Carraway’s dedication to enhancing our library resources, but we have also valued her generous, personal contributions to women and to women’s networks. First introduced to Women’s Studies when her friend and librarian, Edna Cherry, encouraged her to enroll in Professor Margaret Smith’s class, Women and Art, Jill Carraway says she learned the basic value of women’s studies at Wake Forest and has worked ever since to create support systems for this field of study. Although she may be retired from her position as Head of Collection Development, Jill is still hard at work, steeped in research as she completes her Masters of Liberal Arts degree by writing a thesis on lesbian poet and translator Olga Broumas. Jill Carraway, we thank you and look forward to spending many more years learning from and with you.

A Call for Papers from University of Albany Women’s Studies Department transcending silence…welcomes submissions from all undergraduate students (both research and creative projects) that focus on feminist and social justice issues. Recent graduates may also submit their work within one year of graduation, provided that the work is not produced as part of their graduate studies. To view guidelines for submission, go to -2-

Dr. Carol Elizabeth Copeland (’81 BA, ’85 MD) for your ongoing financial support of Women’s and Gender Studies. Dr. Angela Johnson Baisley (’62 BA, ’73 MA Duke, ’81 Ph.D. Florida State U) for a contribution in tribute to the naming of a new WGS award honoring Professor Elizabeth Phillips. Nancy Y. Madden (’62 BA) for a donation honoring Dr. Elizabeth Phillips. This semester our program had much more than a visiting scholar. Dr. Patricia Willis also functioned as an activist in residence who generously participated in the life of our Wake Forest community beyond teaching and researching. She encouraged many young women and men to participate in a variety of feminist activities, including two conferences on campus, one in Washington, D.C., and the forthcoming U.S. Social Forum in Atlanta. We gratefully acknowledge all the positive energy that she brought to our program through her significant interactions with colleagues and students, as well as interactions between WFU and activists working nationally and internationally. Dr. Willis developed a new successful course, WGS 377D: Teaching Feminist Activism and Creating Feminist Activists, and also team taught a section of WGS 101: Window on Women’s and Gender Studies and WGS 221: Introduction to Women’s and Gender Studies. We thank Pat for her genuine commitment and hope to renew our ties for future productive collaborations. Next year’s visiting scholar, Dr. Penny A. Weiss, will come to us from the department of Political Science at Purdue University. While her teaching and research interests range from Modern Political Thought to Women and the Law, her specialty is the History of Women Political Philosophers, with an additional interest in feminist understandings of children. Dr. Weiss has published extensively in the field of women’s and gender studies. Her books range from Gendered Community: Rousseau, Sex, and Politics (New York University Press, 1993) to Feminism and Community, edited with Marilyn Friedman (Temple University Press, 1995); from Conversations with Feminism: Political Theory and Practice (Rowman & Littlefield, 1998) to Feminist Interpretations of Emma Goldman, recently edited with Loretta Kensinger (Pennsylvania State University Press, 2007). We look forward to her visit in the spring of 2008. Once again, we thank Dean Debbie Best and Provost Bill Gordon for making such appointments possible.

WGS Visiting Scholars

Scottie Michaelsen and Lorena Gomez Ramos (speaker)

Billy Harpe (speaker) and Dr. Ana Wahl (Sociology)

International Labor Rights Fund Wal-Mart Worker Speaking Tour April 17, 2007 11:00-11:50 am, 3:30-4:30 pm Carswell 208

“We believe that all workers have the right to a safe working environment where they are treated with dignity and respect, and where they can organize freely to defend and promote their rights and interests.” Sponsors: WISE, WGS, and Sociology

Faculty Congratulations Sally Barbour (Romance Languages) presented “Gisèle Pineau’s Espérance Macadam: Créolité au féminin” (Women in French panel), at the Pacific Ancient and Modern Language Association (PAMLA), Riverside, California, in November 2006. She presented “History, Mystery, and Liberation, Coming of Age in an African Context,” Romance Languages Film Symposium, Wake Forest University, in October. Barber organized the panel “Youth, Identity, Female Sexuality, and Community: Some Examples from African films,” for this symposium. In March 2007, Barber participated in “Maryse Condé: Beyond Borders,” as an invited panel moderator at the Franklin College conference, "The Caribbean Unbound III,” Lugano, Switzerland. In April 2007, she presented “Tenuous Alliances: Revising genre and Cultural Exchange,” invited as panel chair, Mellon Workshop on Francophone Studies, Smith College. Patricia Willis (WGS Visiting Professor) received funding from the Fund for Ethics and Leadership and from Pro Humanitate for her newly developed class (Teaching Feminist Activism and Creating Feminist Activists) to attend the Women’s Equality Summit in Washington, D.C. She presented a talk on “Feminist Activism Within the World Social Forum” at a WGS faculty colloquium on March 22, 2007. With Laura Roskos she edited the special online ssue of the Journal of International Women’s Studies on ‘Women’s Bodies, Gender Analysis, Feminist Politics at the Fórum Social Mundial’. Willis is a coordinator for the U.S. Social Forum Court of Women to be held June 28, 2007 in Atlanta. Ellen Kirkman (Mathematics) was awarded the 2007 Schoonmaker Faculty Prize for Community Service. During her 32 years at WFU, Dr. Kirkman has demonstrated a strong commitment to community service through her involvement on campus and in the Winston-Salem community. Simone Caron (Chair, History) presented a paper, “’I Have Done it and Now I have to Die’: Coroners’ Inquest of Abortion Deaths,” in Montreal, in May 2007. Stephen Boyd (Chair, Religion) is the 2007 recipient of the “Building the Dream Award,” given during the 6th annual WinstonSalem State University and Wake Forest University joint Martin Luther King Jr. celebration. The award was established to honor one professor or administrator and one student from either WSSU or WFU, who exemplifies the ideals that the late Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. embodied and ultimately died for. Shannon Gilreath (Law/WGS) gave the keynote address, “Sexual Politics and the Law,” at the Conference on Gay Rights, sponsored by the ACLU of Ohio and the University of Akron, Akron, OH, March 2007. He presented a lecture, “The New Equal Protection,” at UNC-Chapel Hill Law School, March 2007. Gilreath’s article, “Sexually Speaking: The Constitutionality of ‘Don’t Ask, Don’t Tell’ after Lawrence v. Texas,” was published in the Duke Journal of Gender Law and Policy (Spring 2007). His new textbook, Sexual Identity Law in Context: Cases and Materials, was released in the spring (West). Professor Gilreath’s last book, Sexual Politics: The Gay Person in America Today,” was nominated for two prestigious book awards—The American Library Association’s Stonewall Prize for Non-Fiction and the Lambda Literary Foundation Award for Non-Fiction. Michaelle Browers (Political Science) recently had an article published: “The Egyptian Movement for Change: Intellectual Antecedents and Generational Conflicts,” Contemporary Islam: Dynamics of Muslim Life, 1:1 (June 2007), pp. 69-88. She also had a book chapter published: “Between Athens and Jerusalem (or Mecca): A Journey with Dallmayr, Strauss, Ibn Rushd, and Jabiri,” in Letting Be: Fred Dallmayr’s Cosmopolitical Vision, ed. Stephen F. Schneck (University of Notre Dame Press, 2006), pp. 167-82. Browers presented a paper (From Liberal Moments to Seeing Like States: The Development of High Modernist Ideology in the Arab Revolutionary Generation) at the Workshop on “Political Opposition and Authoritarian Rule: State-Society Relations in the Middle East and North Africa,” Mediterranean Programme of the Robert Schuman Centre for Advanced Studies, European University Institute, Florence, March 2007. Mary Dalton (Communication) recently had two essays published: "Revising the Hollywood Curriculum," Journal of Curriculum and Pedagogy, Volume 3, Number 2, Winter 2006, pp. 29-34; “Consumer Culture Spawns Feminism Lite” in the section “Feminists Look at the Media,” LOUDMOUTH, Issue 14, Winter 2007, p. 23. This spring she developed a new special topics course in Communication called “Culture and the Sitcom,” which is cross-listed with Women's and Gender Studies and with Film Studies. Earl Smith’s (Sociology) book, Race, Sport and the American Dream, was recently published under the imprint of Carolina Academic Press. It is the first single-authored, non-edited, empirically based book on the African American athlete since the 1980s. Also published, in collaboration with Angela Hattery (Sociology/WGS), was African American Families (SAGE), the first non-edited book on the African American family since the mid-1980s. Grant McAllister (German and Russian) will present “Refractions of Subjectivity in Tieck’s der blonde Eckbert” at the upcoming German Studies Conference in October 2007. His recently published articles are “Romantic Imagery in Tykwer’s Lola Rennt,” German Studies Review (2007), and “The Daggar is the Pen: Violence and Writing in Lessing’s Emilia Galotti,” Seminar (2007). McAllister has developed GER 390: Women Authors of German Literature, an interdisciplinary course that will be crosslisted with WGS. The course will be taught this fall by visiting professor Dr. Susanne Hochreiter, a feminist and gender theory scholar from the University of Vienna, Austria. North Carolina Women Making History, edited by Peggy Smith (Art) and Emily Wilson, has been released in paperback (UNC Press). Angela Hattery (Sociology/WGS) and Earl Smith (Sociology/American Ethnic Studies) have been selected as joint recipients of the 2007 Teaching Innovation Award, given by the Teaching and Learning Center of WFU. Their course, Social Stratification in the American (DEEP) South, was developed and co-taught first in the summer of 2005, and again in the summer of 2007. Michele Gillespie (Kahle Family Associate Professor of History/WGS) will be joining the Provost’s Office as Associate Provost for Academic Initiatives. Gillespie’s experience as a faculty member and her involvement with a variety of university committees, including her recent participation as a member of the College strategic planning committee and the University Senate, will be welcome in the Provost’s Office. She will begin her three-year term in the Provost’s Office on August 1. Mary DeShazer (English/WGS) recently had an article published on “Post-apartheid Literacies: South African Faculty (Continued on page 7)


Director (Continued from page 1) ers, and colleagues at WFU. In Women’s and Gender Studies, the Advisory Board and I have developed and refined the program’s plan by reviewing our vision, priorities and goals. It has been an exciting and challenging process. And it has also been a good year for several other reasons. Our new Core Faculty has made the program feel more like a department, and our minors appreciate it too. This spring we welcomed Visiting-Scholar and Activist-in-Residence Dr. Patricia K. Willis to our program. Through her work she has enabled us to offer a new section of WGS 377 on “Teaching Feminist Activism and Creating Feminist Activists,” which successfully incorporated a service-learning component. Students in her class traveled to the Women's Equality Summit in Washington last March, organized two conferences on campus—one in February (“Envisioning Feminist Utopias”) and the other in April (“Women’s Equality: A Social Priority or Struggling Minority?”)—and are going with her to the U.S. Social Forum in Atlanta. I have had the privilege to team teach with Dr. Willis two classes this semester, WGS 221 and WGS 101, as well as sharing a panel discussion of “Forced Prostitution: International Slaves” hosted by WGS minor Tara Tedrow’s Presidential Scholarship for Debate. Whether inside or outside the classroom, Dr. Willis was always deeply engaged, attending or organizing many events at Wake… behind the stage or in front of it. We thank Dean Debbie Best and Provost Bill Gordon for the generous support that allowed Dr. Willis to come to WGS. This spring we sponsored a wide range of events on campus, often in partnership with other departments, programs, student organizations, or community agencies: from the poetry reading of Joy Harjo to the screening of Kit Gruelle’s documentary on Private Violence: The Movement Against Battering in America; from Jennifer Lanier’s poignant performance None of the Above to the Wal-Mart Worker Speaking Tour advocating for humane treatment of workers worldwide; from a luncheon-discussion with writer Mary Gordon to Dr. Patricia Martin’s lecture on “rape work” within organizations and communities; from the campus visit of Kevin Jennings—the founder and executive director of the Gay, Lesbian, and Straight Education Network (GLSEN)—to the Faculty Colloquia with Dr. Pat Willis (WGS) and Dr. Betsy Gatewood (ESE); from SPEAK (Students' Presentations on Experience, Art, and Knowledge), featuring WGS minor Ashley Graham (’08), to a very energizing WGS Senior Colloquium in April, which celebrated the graduating Women's and Gender Studies minors’ scholarly contributions and community service internships. As always, we are filled with both pride and sorrow of their departure. We reserved the best part of our events for last, however. On May 20th, together with a very loyal cohort of former students, our program was extremely pleased to honor Professor Emerita Elizabeth Phillips for her remarkable academic contributions to the life of Wake Forest, including the advancement of women’s and gender studies, for her excellence in teaching and scholarly research, for her passionate intellectual engagement, for being a role model, a thinker, and a friend to colleagues as well as to students. On that day the Women’s and Gender Studies Program conferred its new academic award—the Elizabeth Phillips Award for the Best Essay in Women’s and Gender Studies—to Liz Lundeen (Undergraduate ’07) and Anne Leake (Graduate ‘07), with an Honorable Mention to Emily Mathews (Undergraduate ’08). It was a unique occasion, and those in attendance were moved by the profuse display of affection toward such an exemplary maestra. The event was digitally recorded, thanks to the creative skills of two former students, Gardner Campbell and Michael Thomas, who two years ago had already recorded a beautiful audio CD with Emeriti Professors Elizabeth Phillips and Ed Wilson reading from the work of favorite poets. The pictures from this event will soon be posted on our website for everyone to see. None of these events (or this


WOMEN’S AND GENDER STUDIES WELCOMES NEW MINORS! Rebecca Adams ‘09 Velvet Bryant ‘09 Michelle Duffey ’08 Brady Everett ’09 Caroline Gaiser ’08 Allie Levison ’09 Betsy Rives ’08 Nicole Russo ’09 Julie Schwartz ’09 Sara Smith ’09 Samantha Spaeth ’08 Tara Tedrow ’09 Jaymi Thomas ’10 newsletter) would have been possible without the invaluable assistance of my untiring colleague in WGS, Linda Mecum. We are grateful for the continued help and encouragement of so many alumnae and alumni, and, as part of our ongoing effort to strengthen our program, this summer we are sending a survey to them that will help us review our goals academically, intellectually, politically, and socially. We appreciate their taking the time to share their experiences and insights. A great debt of gratitude goes to Jill Carraway, Head of Collection Development of the Z. Smith Reynolds Library, for her unstinting support of our program for many years. Her assistance to us has been central to the growth of WGS, and, as she retires, we are eager for her to join our committees. Many thanks, Jill—we look forward to renewing our ties with you! The new library liaison for Women's and Gender Studies is Lauren Pressley. She minored in WGS at North Carolina State University and completed her Master of Library and Information Science at UNCG. Her primary responsibilities include instruction, technology, and reference. As we welcome her here, please let her know if you would like the library to get any WGS books, or if you have research questions. Our thanks extend to Provost Bill Gordon, who is stepping down from his position this June. Through his generosity, WGS was able to accomplish several important goals. We wish him well. Next fall, we will have several new leaders with us—Dr. Jill Tiefenthaler, our incoming provost; Dr. Lorna Grindlay Moore as dean of the Graduate School of Arts and Sciences, and Professor Blake Morant, dean-elect of the School of Law. We warmly welcome them to Wake Forest. We are also delighted that WGS core faculty and Kahle Family Associate Professor of History Michele Gillespie will become associate provost for academic initiatives. She will take leave from WGS during her tenure, but we look forward to her return. Congratulations, Michele! Lastly, I am pleased to announce that next fall Professor Mary DeShazer will be the WGS Acting Director while I will be in Casa Artom, in Venice. I am as excited at the idea of Prof. DeShazer’s experienced leadership as I am at the idea of my semester in Venezia, where I will be able to brush up on my mother tongue. See you all next spring term, and, in the meantime…. ...buone vacanze a tutti!

AMSA (Continued from page 1) from academic, clinical, and related professional work involving men and masculinities and the connections between men and institutions, as well as other topics that contribute to developing a greater understanding of men’s lives. Presentations based upon fully developed work as well as projects in progress or even at the “idea” stage are welcome. A forum is provided for established scholars and practitioners to share their work as well as for students to make a contribution and receive support and encouragement from active men’s studies contributors. To learn more about AMSA, to obtain the form for submitting proposals, and to review sample proposals from previous conferences, go to The deadline for submitting proposals is December 1, 2007.

Women’s Forum Update Maggie Dailey (Associate Director, WHCOE) The Women’s Forum held a lively spring “Meet and Greet” event on Tuesday, April 24, 2007, 6:30-8:30 p.m., at the home of Dr. Susan Hutson, Professor of Biochemistry, WFU School of Medicine. Women from the Reynolda and Hawthorne campuses gathered to network with their colleagues and learn about opportunities to serve on task forces during the 20072008 academic year. Highlights of the evening included brief talks by Ellen Kirkman, Ph.D., M.S., Professor of Mathematics, WFU, and Ann Lambros, Ph.D., Assistant Dean for Education, Assistant Professor, Public Health Sciences-Social Sciences and Health Policy, about their areas of interest and vision for future Wake Forest projects and activities. The Women’s Forum is an organization of women faculty and key administrators at Wake Forest University, working to: encourage collegiality across all schools of the university; create change in policies and practices at WFU; and promote and sustain a healthy and stimulating working environment in which the contributions and needs of women are fully acknowledged.

elocation (or, exit us) the city is american, so she can map it. train tracks, highways slice through, bleed only to one side. like a half-red sea permanently parted, the middle she’d pass through, like the rest, in a wheeling rush, afraid the divide would not hold and all would drown—city as almighty ambush— beneath the crashing waves of human hell. the city’s infra(red)structure sweats her, a land(e)scape she can’t make, though she knows the way. she’s got great heart, but that gets her where? egypt’s always on her right (it goes where she goes), canaan’s always just a-head, and to her left, land of the bloodless dead.

Evie Shockley a half-red sea (Carolina Wren Press, 2006)

Women’s and Gender Studies Honors Graduating Minors The WFU Honors and Awards Ceremony for Undergraduates takes place each year in May, on Sunday afternoon prior to graduation exercises on Monday. Since 1995, Women’s and Gender Studies has recognized graduating WGS minors at this event. The Academic Award for Outstanding Senior in WGS is given to the student who has shown initiative and motivation throughout her/his tenure at Wake Forest, who has excelled in a variety of academic disciplines and special projects, and who has maintained a high scholastic average and demonstrated aptitude for further study. The 2007 recipient of this award is Laura Elizabeth Bullins. According to their nominators:

“Laura is an achiever who believes in the hopefulness of human nature and puts other’s needs before hers...Her written work and class discussion convey an exceptional thinker at work.” The Leadership Award for Outstanding Senior in WGS is given to the student who best exemplifies the qualities of leadership, service and professionalism, who has excellent academic records and has made a significant contribution to the betterment of society through community service and/or humanitarian undertakings, and who has promoted the educational value of racial, cultural and gender diversity. This year we have co-recipients: Karissa Chanin Flynn

“Karissa is well-rounded in her pursuits and achievements. Her excellent record of honors comes with a commitment to advanced academic explorations of the law and with a dedication to philanthropy and social work.” and Shannon Michelle Philmon.

“Shannon has passionately and courageously upheld important ideas of feminism and social justice. As Student Government President she established a stronger bond between student government and the rest of the campus community, as well as fighting for women’s issues and increased awareness of issues as troubling as sexual assault and genderbased hate crimes.” Congratulations to each of you.

Anne Firor Scott Receives Honorary Doctor of Humane Letters from Peggy Smith (Art) at 2007 WFU Graduation Ceremony

Anne Firor Scott is a pioneering scholar of women’s history and a prolific scholar of the South. The essence of the teacher-scholar ideal, she was the W.K. Boyd Professor of History at Duke University from 1962 until 1991. Renowned throughout her profession as “The Godmother of Southern History,” she has served as president of the Southern Historical Association and the Organization of American Historians. Her groundbreaking first book, The Southern Lady: From Pedestal to Politics, published in 1970, was the first book to be based on the study of women’s personal documents and established the modern study of Southern women’s history.


Students Interview Dr. Patricia Willis, WGS Visiting Professor The following interview was conducted on April 29, 2007, by students of WGS 377D: Teaching Feminist Activism and Creating Feminist Activists. Serena Rwejuna (’07): What was your inspiration for creating the “teaching feminist activism” class? Dr. Willis: Professor Balzano asked me, when I was talking with the search committee for the visiting professor position, what I would like to teach. I mentioned a violence against women class and a class on images of women in art as well as a couple of other topics I was interested in, but then she said, “would you be interested in teaching a course on feminist activism?” I said, “Oh yes, of course,” not even thinking that that kind of a course would be something they would want me to teach. But, because that’s where most of my feminist attentions have been focused for the last few years it was a ‘natural’ for me. So, when I was thinking about how to frame the course, I thought about where I was most active at the moment and it was within the social-forum arena. I thought we would center the class on the social forum as a case study because there are so many organizing potentials within this arena. Lauren Kulp (’10): Was there a particular event in your life that led you to choose this particular career path? What motivated you? Dr. Willis: I was raised Catholic and when I was 15 I had an epiphany that the Catholic church was very oppressive towards women and I started to realize this not on a theoretical level but on a practical level as a person living it and I decided that it was not a fair way to treat anyone, and that I didn’t believe in Catholicism anymore. I also decided at 15 that I was not ever going to get married because marriage also can be an oppressive system for women in patriarchal societies. And that’s how I started my path as a feminist. Tara Tedrow (’09): How is the feminist feel at this school compared to other universities or schools you’ve taught at? Dr. Willis: In some ways, it’s very intellectual and there is a lot more of it in pockets at WFU than at some schools. At the same time, it’s not as radical either and there doesn’t seem to be as much of it incorporated throughout the university; but it is very strong in the Women’s and Gender Studies circles where I have spent my time. Devin Kidner (’08): What would you say to people who refused to call themselves a feminist based on what that word entails culturally to take the edge off the negative connotation of the word? How would you diffuse the stereotypes of man hating, non shaving…..? Dr. Willis: First of all, they have the wrong ideas about what the concepts of feminism entail if they think it is about manhating and women ruling men, etc. It’s not about hating or ruling anyone. It is about creating the world as an unoppressive place, not just for women, but for all human life, even all life as in eco-feminism. If people could just look at it in that way, other than these propagandized definitions of feminism, then I think it is much easier to get to a point where you can call yourself a feminist. Certainly, there are still going to be many people, most of them men probably, who will not want to accede to the notion of equality for women and for men; those people require a great deal of educating. Turner Dayton (’07): What are your feminist passions? Dr. Willis: My research and my feminist thoughts mostly surround violence-against-women issues and the sexualization and commodification of women’s bodies, particularly in prostitution and pornography, and how those two are continually trying to shape the lives of all women by trying to create all women as sexualized commodities for male use. At the moment, also, I am very much involved in the social-forum arena to try to create that as a more feminist space, particularly the US Social Forum because, even in its infancy, it has already been claimed as an androcentric space, and so there is a big struggle there for feminists.


(back row) Thomas Lawson and Turner Dayton; (second row) Dr. Willis, Kellie Cavagnaro, and Devin Kidner; (front row) Morgan Mueller, Lauren Kulp, Serena Rwejuna, and Tara Tedrow; not pictured, Caroline Gaiser

Thomas Lawson (’07): What has been the most powerful thing you’ve experienced as a feminist activist? Dr. Willis: What I am continually amazed at and pleased by, is that when I am working with feminists who are accustomed to working consensually, we don’t work in hierarchical ways, we don’t work by trying to claim power. We work in very sisterly ways. Though that may not seem extraordinary, it really is when you actually experience it. It really is because what we are actually doing is living our feminism and showing each other and onlookers that feminist application and practice really can work as long as people don’t have hidden political agendas, hidden power agendas, or hidden ego agendas. It really is a true democracy in action. It is individual democracy rather than representative democracy, or false democracy. While it can be very cumbersome and time-consuming, I think it is where we need to put our time and energy because it allows everyone to have equal voice. That’s the really powerful part of working in a feminist manner. Kellie Cavagnaro (’07): As a feminist educator, how do you wish to see this university’s WGS department change and grow to access more of the student population and in a more powerful way? Dr. Willis: First of all, the program needs to be turned into a department, with a major and a minor, with additional core faculty who can be tenured in Women’s and Gender Studies. It needs to be a fully funded department. Once the resources are there in the form of more core faculty and more funding, you can get a wide range of course concentrations as well as activities that emerge out of the department and allow it to reach out to other departments, students, and faculty throughout the entire university. This is where Women’s and Gender Studies at Wake Forest needs to go in order to meet the needs of the student population and the wider WFU community. Caroline Gaiser (’08): In what ways has your experience working so closely with the students in this class affected you, as an educator, a feminist, or even a humanist? Dr. Willis: It has been an extremely enjoyable semester for me because, for one thing, I have been able to work with Professor Balzano, who is so wonderful to work with. And then, I have met student feminists in 377D, as well as students in WGS 221 and WGS 101, who make me hopeful for our future in helping to create a more egalitarian world. I am happy to say that my association with several of them will continue after this semester. It has been most rewarding to work with such bright students who are also eager to create a world without oppression. Then too, I have to say that it has been very nice getting to know Linda Mecum, the WGS Coordinator. She has been a wonderful help to me in everything I have needed. She has helped to make this a very pleasant experience for me with the many talks we have had. Special thanks to Caroline Gaiser (’08) who graciously volunteered to type up this interview as it was happening.

Faculty (Continued from page 3)

Women’s Poetry of Orality, Franchise, and Reconciliation,” in Women and Literacy: Local and Global Inquiries for a New Century, ed. Beth Daniell and Peter Mortensen (London: Taylor and Francis, 2007), pp. 243-257. Dean Franco (English) will be attending the Seminar in Experimental Critical Theory at UC Irvine's Humanities Research Center (supported by an Archie grant) this summer. In February, Franco presented a paper, “Portnoy’s Complaint: It’s about race, not sex (even the sex is about race)” as an invited lecturer at California State University, Long Beach. He gave a talk, “Contemporary Jewish Literature and the New Pluralism,” New Trends in Jewish Literature panel, NEMLA, Baltimore, in March 2007. He chaired a conference panel, “Cross-Cultural Explorations of Trauma,” NEMLA, Baltimore March 2007. Michelle Naughton (WFUBMC/WGS) will serve as the new WFUBMC Women’s Health Center of Excellence Education Program Director, effective May 1, 2007. Dr. Naughton received a PhD in Sociology from the University of Iowa and an MPH in Epidemiology from the University of Minnesota. She is a Professor in Public Health Sciences-Social Sciences and Health Policy (PHS-SSHP) and holds a joint appointment in the Department of Orthopaedic Surgery. Naughton is Co-Director of the Master of Science Program in Health Services Research, serves as Center Director of the DOD Behavioral Center of Excellence in Breast Cancer, and is Director of Cancer Control for the Comprehensive Cancer Center Research Base Grant. In addition, Dr. Naughton teaches a fall semester research seminar for Women’s and Gender Studies—WGS 321: Women’s Health Issues. This is a popular course with both undergraduate and graduate students, especially those who are planning a career in the health care field. Wanda Balzano (WGS) co-edited a book, Irish Postmodernisms and Popular Culture, with Anne Mulhall and Moynagh Sullivan (Palgrave MacMillan, London and New York, 2007). She also co-authored an essay for the above collection, entitled “Tracking the Luas between the Human and the Inhuman,” written with Jefferson Holdridge (English). An essay of hers, “The Theatre of Independent Ireland,” was published in the journal NAE, V, 17, Winter 2006. Last March Balzano presented a paper on the work of Eiléan Ní Chuilleanáin at the 2007 Southern Regional American Conference for Irish Studies, “A Piece of the Irish Dream,” held at Winthrop University, SC. She is the co-recipient of a QEP Faculty Stipend for International Course Development for a course designed with Linda McKinnish Bridges (Associate Dean), “Irish Women: Saints and Scholars.”

Senior Colloquium and Celebration On Thursday, April 26, faculty and friends gathered in the Autumn Room of Reynolda Hall for the a n n u a l WGS Senior C o l l o quium and Celebration for Christina Stenhouse and Laura Bullins M i n o r s . (back row), Karissa Flynn, Shannon Eight of the Philmon, and Liz Lundeen (front row) t w e l v e graduating minors shared their work and experiences in WGS. Presenters were Aparna Bansal (Domestic Violence from a New Tory Tevis Perspective), Laura Bullins (Woman to Woman, Hand in Hand), Kellie Cavagnaro (The Truth About Our Community), Karissa Flynn (Fighting for True Equality as an Invisible Minority), Shannon Philmon (Saying the ‘F-word’ at Wake Forest), Lily Robinson (How WGS 321—Women and Reproduction—has Affected Me and, to Some Degree, Influenced My Career Path), Lily Robinson and Aparna Bansal Christina Stenhouse (What Doors WGS Has Opened for Me and How WGS Has Helped Me Grow and Benin Arts and Music School), and Tory Tevis (The Impact of WGS on My Post-Graduate Plans). This is a favorite event of many faculty and staff because it spotlights just how bright, talented, committed, and generous these students are. WGS seniors unable to participate: Elizabeth Ebia, Nicole Fitzpatrick, Annie McAdams, and Christina Sirockman.

Mary Gordon (Continued from page 1) Mary Gordon’s visit to campus afforded a special opportunity to meet with the author and many influential women at an afternoon discussion the following day. After reading Gordon’s novel Spending, the class, myself included, was able to converse with Gordon about her novel and to talk about current issues with her and the other women present. Personally, it was an experience I will never forget. Not only were we able to gain a better understanding of the novel, but we also discussed what concerns women face in the modern day together with the internationally known biblical scholar and rhetorical critic Phyllis Trible, with feminist activist and artist Sylva Billue, with the former WFU Associate Vice President and Dean of Women (1964-1997) Lu Leake, and the renowned professors Kwok Pui Lan and Susan Niditch, just to name a few of the women present. It was enlightening to hear what they have encountered and have overcome in their lives so far and to hear their opinions on the challenges my generation now confronts. Some of the topics we touched on were religion, media portrayal of women, s o c i e t a l Sylva Billue (long-time friend and supporter of WGS), Professor Anne Boyle expectations and pressures (English/WGS), and Professor Susan on the modern woman, and Niditch (Religion, Amherst College) r e l a t i o n s h ip s b e t w e e n chat with Mary Gordon. women throughout all stages of their lives. It was a rare chance to connect with others from a diverse range of ages and backgrounds. I was impressed with how much these accomplished women were interested in welcoming our opinions into the discussion in addition to sharing their own knowledge and experiences. I am not sure who gained the most from our lively chat, we as students or the diverse group of women with us that afternoon. And while Mary Gordon was the catalyst that brought all of us together, the experience turned out to be so much more than just an opportunity to meet this widely admired and thought-provoking author.

Kellie Cavagnaro


Extraordinary (Continued from page 1) impressed by the enthusiastic responses received from Elizabeth’s former students. My own was simply, “Save me a place, because I wouldn’t miss it!” though in truth a few significant obstacles and a couple hundred miles stood between me and the event. Then the idea was floated for us, Elizabeth’s former students, to send in email submissions that would be compiled into a scrapbook for her to keep—photos old and new, words of appreciation, stories, poems, whatever. Time was short, so there we all were—in Asheville and Fredericksburg, Wilmington, Winston-Salem—rummaging through attics and boxes and files, searching for photos and clippings, and writing, once again, for Elizabeth. The occasion itself, a luncheon in the Rhoda Channing Room of the Z. Smith Reynolds Library on May 20, will be long remembered by all who attended. In the end, fifteen former students representing four decades and scattered across Phillips and Balzano several hundred miles were able to make the trip. WGS Director Wanda Balzano welcomed everyone and thanked all those who had done so much to make the event possible. Elizabeth’s neighbor and friend of fifty years, Provost Emeritus Edwin G. Wilson, spoke of her history at Wake Forest as one of the first female faculty members—an extraordinarily committed member of the university community who took on teaching, research and service to the Wilson community, all three, instead of specializing in one or two areas, as many do. Mary DeShazer, Founding Director of Women’s Studies, spoke warmly of Elizabeth’s critical role as mentor and consistent encourager-in-chief during the long years when the Women’s Studies program was in its incubation phase. Then the floor was turned over to four of Elizabeth’s students, who together made clear the very personal and life-changing legacy DeShazer of her teaching. Gardner Campbell (‘79) told how he entered Wake Forest certain that he wanted to be a research psychologist but then enrolled in one of Elizabeth’s classes and all that changed. Now a Professor of English himself, every day he tries “to channel as much of Elizabeth Campbell Phillips as I can.” Kathryn Milam (MALS’95) enrolled in Elizabeth’s Modern Poetry class at the age of 32, terrified of poetry, the young students who were her classmates, and the whole experience in general. Milam Elizabeth helped her work through the fear and discover a love of poetry that she took beyond college. After graduation, she encountered a particularly tough Wallace Stevens poem and called Elizabeth, wondering if she could come over and discuss it for an hour. That hour’s discussion led to a whole school year of weekly hours of Wallace Stevens study together, at Elizabeth’s suggestion, and then to study of other poets as well over the past ten years. Michael ThoThomas mas (‘79) shared a wonderful poem that he had written for the occasion, “Some Lines Written for Elizabeth Phillips” (sidebar). And finally Angela Baisley (‘62), who entered Wake Forest when there were only a few girls enrolled, spoke of what it meant to have Elizabeth as a mentor and role model at that time. She had the fun of presenting Baisley her with the scrapbook.


Elizabeth’s response to the outpouring of love and appreciation was typically Phillips: “Well, I scarcely recognize myself in all that’s been said here. I shall have to go home and put on some new glasses and see if I still have my wrinkles!” The deserving young award recipients, Elizabeth Anne Lundeen (Undergraduate ’07) and Anne Lindsay Leake (Graduate ’07)—introduced by their respective mentors, Professor Michaelle Browers and Professor Gillian Overing—reported feeling humbled and inspired. After the luncheon, over at the Honors and Awards Ceremony proper, when Wanda Balzano spoke of her program’s rationale for establishing the Elizabeth Phillips Award, Elizabeth stood up to acknowledge a great, spontaneous standing ovation in the Scales Fine Arts Center’s auditorium with a wave of the flowers she had been presented. Now for my little story. I have loved Elizabeth Phillips for a long time, thirty-plus years, and my children (now 14 and 16) know it. The reason they know it is that she is the person who first taught me to read poetry and so enabled me to give that gift to them, a story they have heard since babyhood. On the way home from Winston-Salem, I stuck my “Evelyn West Ormond, Former Student” nametag to the dashboard and then one day noticed that “Former” had been scratched out. Turns out it was the work of my 16year-old son, who understands that some things are forever. Undoubtedly Elizabeth’s other “former” students feel the same. A double major in English and Chemistry at Wake Forest, Evelyn West Ormond (’75) earned an M.S. in Journalism at Boston University and is now involved in science writing, marketing, and ghost writing for a variety of clients. She lives in Wilmington, NC.

SPECIAL THANKS Candide Jones (WFU Press), Craig Fansler, Renate Evans, and Megan Mulder (ZSR Library), Scottie Michaelsen, and Kevin Cox (Media Relations), for your talents, expertise, and assistance.

2007 Elizabeth Phillips Award Committee Sally Barbour, Romance Languages Catherine Harnois, Sociology Gillian Overing, English Olga Valbuena, English Wanda Balzano, WGS

Elizabeth Phillips Award for the Best Essay in Women’s and Gender Studies This new award pays tribute to Elizabeth Phillips, Professor Emerita of English, for her exceptional scholarly commitment to the advancement of women’s and gender studies. A monetary prize and a certificate are awarded for the best undergraduate and graduate student essays written on the subject of women’s and gender studies throughout the academic year. The 2007 presentation marks fifty years since the appointment of Professor Phillips—one of the earliest female faculty members—to Wake Forest University (1957-1989).

2007 Award Recipients (Undergraduate) Elizabeth Anne Lundeen ’07 “Combating Gender-Based Violence: Bridging the Gap Between Theory and Practice” Nominated by Michaelle Browers Political Science (Graduate) Anne Lindsay Leake ’07 “Criticizing and/or Exceeding Boundaries: How the Monstrous Performs in Beowulf” Nominated by Gillian Overing English (Honorable Mention) Emily Wonnell Mathews ’08 “Portfolio of Domestic Violence Internship: Camden Women’s Aid, UK” Nominated by Ana Wahl Sociology Former Students Attending the Celebration Doug Bailey Angela Baisley Gardner Campbell Jill Carraway Kevin Cox Candide Jones Hayes McNeill Kathryn Milam Mary Martin Niepold Evelyn West Ormond Tom Phillips Michael Thomas Janine Tillett Mark Wright Isabel Zuber

Some Lines Written For Elizabeth Phillips I have traveled this road before, this road once a farmer’s path, later a narrow bituminous ribbon for a vulcanized small-town people: some who went to market and returned with fortune, some who left seeking distant palms. Now a by-way, abandoned for broad concrete raceways to everywhere and nowhere, here I feel no less than before the old quiet energy of discovery, and sprawl in an overgrown margin under your still-welcoming branches, in your filtered logical light, breathing your pungent scent full of rosin and reason. Pinus glabra! Prosaic Latin, even for the taxonomist, failing Adam in his successor’s duty to grace you with aptness. And the forester too in his earnest desire to inform, tells me of your “irregular silhouette,” your oval crown, your slow rate of growth, your long-term healthiness, pest-resistant, your flower “inconspicuous and not showy,” your tolerance of poor dry soils but preference for the full sun and moist fertility; as if such irregular form was not the measure of an age, as if “parallel leaf venation” was not the careful expression of opposing ideas, tapering to beauty. I lie in the crook of your roots, gazing upward through you to a cloud, or to what we call infinity, and wonder as I think you have wondered at this man, this woman, who pass by with all their poor baggage, their sequestered pain that forces precise immutable blooms, their suppressed terror that die-casts scalpels shaped as pens, their lonely joy that paints pictures on the walls of caves. I know you have wondered, too, at their unguarded cognition discerning almost all that matters beneath a glazing rain. And I do not think you have wept for them, any more than the toad at my feet who shares this shade, and eyes the road, with what seems a detached passion that cannot fathom how they pass without seeing this garden. I tarry here, with you, because I choose to tarry. Being your chosen place, not mine, I will stay no more than to breathe this revivifying air, and rejoin my kind. But I will linger awhile and feel the provoking needle-leaves dropped gently, generously, and wait, perhaps, until the next frost, and dream, perhaps that wholeness is real and confusion only a memory.

Michael Thomas 2007



Dean J. Franco, Ethnic American Literature: Comparing Chicano, Jewish, and African American Writing (University of Virginia Press, 2006) In Ethnic American Literature, Franco offers a comparative approach to ethnic literature that begins by accounting for the intrinsic historical, geographical, and political contingencies of different American cultures. These contingencies, he argues, dictate critical perspectives that are ultimately ethical and that establish the terms for the study of ethnic literature in the first place. Franco looks at a range of writing, from novels by Philip Roth, Cynthia Ozick, Toni Morrison, and Alejandro Morales, to literature and criticism by Tony Kushner, Cherrie Moraga, and Jos茅 Lim贸n, among others. While the early chapters focus specifically on what mourning means in these different cultural contexts in the representation of and response to trauma and loss, the later ones critically examine metaphors of the borderlands, diaspora, and nationalism. Shannon Gilreath, Sexual Politics: The Gay Person in America Today (Series on Law, Politics and Society) (University of Akron Press, 2006) Contemporary and controversial, Shannon Gilreath's Sexual Politics is an important update to the continuing debate over the place of the gay person in American law, politics, and religion. Gilreath skillfully navigates a number of complex issues, including the delicate balance between sexual privacy and public equality, the entwining of religion and U.S. law and politics, and gay marriage. He offers astute academic observations and a depth of personal reflections to create an unmatched critique of the gay person in American society. Ultimately, Gilreath argues for the further emergence of gay and lesbian ethos of public attentiveness and the practice of "transformative politics," encompassing all those activities of the gay and lesbian person. Conversational and written with a compelling frankness, this book is vital for the serious legal and political student and the informed lay reader alike.

Angela J. Hattery and Earl Smith, African American Families (Sage Publications, 2007) African American Families provides a systematic sociological study of contemporary life for families of African descent living in the United States. Analyzing both quantitative and qualitative data, authors Angela J. Hattery and Earl Smith identify the structural barriers that African Americans face in their attempts to raise their children and create loving, healthy families. Using the lens provided by the race, class, and gender paradigm, a variety of examples illustrate the ways in which multiple systems of oppression interact with patterns of self-defeating behavior to create barriers that deny many African Americans access to the American dream.

Michaelle L. Browers, Democracy And Civil Society in Arab Political Thought: Transcultural Possibilities (Modern Intellectual and Political History of the Middle East) (Syracuse University Press, 2006) This book provides a significant and unique contribution to the emerging literature of comparative political thought. Michaelle L. Browers offers compelling evidence, with extensive analysis and references, that a rigorous debate is taking place in Arabic concerning the value of democracy and civil society. Exploring the globalization of ideas of democracy and civil society, Browers addresses the question of what occurs when concepts cross the boundaries of cultures or languages. She analyzes the historical concept of democracy in Arab and Islamic political thought, the transformations that have occurred over the past several decades resulting from Arab forays into an international discussion of civil society and what these transformations tell us about the status of ideological and conceptual debates in the region. Wanda Balzano, Anne Mulhall, and Moynagh Sullivan (Editors), Irish Postmodernisms and Popular Culture (Palgrave Macmillan, 2007) Irish postmodernisms and contemporary popular culture are often invoked in critical and public discussions as negative and corrosive spaces; in this collection, the contributors reexamine such valuations, making use of critical feminist, racial, queer, psychoanalytic and postcolonial frameworks in their analyses of Irish 'postmodernity' in the era of globalization. Considering local and global, 'traditional' and emergent 'Irishness' side by side, the collection redefines the ways in which popular culture in Ireland as well as Ireland in popular culture are understood.


Earl Smith, Race, Sport and the American Dream (Carolina Academic Press, 2007) This book reports the main findings of a five-year research project investigating the scope and consequences of the deepening relationship between African American males and the institution of sport. While there is some scholarly literature on the topic, author Smith tries to understand through this project how sport has changed the nature of African American Civil Society and has come to be a major influence on economic opportunities, schooling and the shaping of African American family life.

Mary F. Foskett, Jeffrey Kah-jin Kuan (Editors), Ways of Being, Ways of Reading: Asian American Biblical Interpretation (Chalice Press, 2006) This is a collection of essays that address biblical interpretation and the Bible’s role from an Asian North point of view. Beginning with the history of biblical interpretation in Asian countries and cultures, this impressive collection by noted contemporary scholars address issues and themes as cultural hermeneutics, the politics of identity, and what constitutes Asian American theology.

Shannon Gilreath, Sexual Identity Law in Context, Cases and Materials (American Casebook), (West Law School, 2007) This book puts the law concerning lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender people into a social context. The result is that students better understand the law by understanding the social issues underlying the legalities. Material providing background discussion (law review articles, journal articles from other disciplines, journalism, history, science, philosophy, traditional prose, and comparative law materials) supplements cases that involve all major aspects of sexual identity law. The book provides a detailed course designed for an upper-level law school seminar, but introductory explanation provided for major legal concepts makes it suitable for beginning students as well.

Clare A. Lees and Gillian R. Overing (Editors), A Place to Believe in: Locating Medieval Landscapes (Pennsylvania State University Press, 2006) The essays in A Place to Believe In reveal places real and imagined, ancient and modern: Anglo-Saxon Northumbria (home of Whitby and Bede’s monastery of Jarrow), Cistercian monasteries of late medieval Britain, pilgrimages of mind and soul in Margery Kempe, the ruins of Coventry Cathedral in 1940, and representations of the sacred landscape in today’s Pacific Northwest. A strength of the collection is its awareness of the fact that medieval and modern viewpoints converge in an experience of place and frame a newly created space where the literary, the historical, and the cultural are in ongoing negotiation with the geographical, the personal, and the material.

Journal of Internation Women’s S al tudies

Laura Roskos and Patricia Willis (Editors), Special Issue of the online Journal of International Women’s Studies (Vol 8, #3, April 2007) The vision for this special issue emerged out of experiences that the co-editors had during Women’s B od and after their involvement in organizing for the Boston Social Forum in July 2004. They were Gender An ies, interested in discovering how other women/feminists had experienced and negotiated social and Femin alysis, ist fora around the globe in order to create a deeper context for understanding various forms of at the Fór Politics um Social feminist engagement. Mundial Vol 8, #3, A p

ril 2007 Dean J. Franco (Editor), Special Issue of Philip Roth Studies on Roth and Race (Volume 2, Number 2, Fall 2006) As the articles in this issue make clear, asking if Roth writes about race is a little like asking if Jews are white. The answers—”yes,” “no,” and “it depends”—apply to both questions and point to the wide arena wherein race itself is defined, described, performed, negotiated, and deconstructed: America itself. And Philip Roth does write about America. Not just “Jewish America,” unless one considers that Roth’s America is always underwritten by the (raced) experience of Jews in this country, which is itself marked by the intertwining of blacks and Jews in American public and cultural life. In short, writing about Jews, or writing about America itself, is already writing about race.


An Evening With Jackson Katz

Jackson Katz, one of America’s leading anti-sexist male activists, believes that educating men and boys about gender violence and providing mentors helps prevent gender violence. Katz discussed the issue of gender violence and his preventive approach at 7:00 p.m., February 7, in Wake Forest’s Wait Chapel. His talk, “Tough Guise: Violence, Media and the Crisis in Masculinity,” was free and open to the public. Katz, also an author and filmmaker, is internationally recognized for his groundbreaking work, particularly in the sports culture and in the military.

Jackson Katz began his lecture by relating some horrific stories of violence committed by men against women, illustrating one of his main points: we live in a culture that ignores the dominant group of people. In the stories he told, society ignores the fact that men are perpetrating crimes against women. Society does not see men as “gendered”; only women are gendered in the public mind. Consequently, violent acts such as rape, domestic violence, and child abuse are seen as “women’s issues.” Natalie Antoun (’07) Katz made the statement that rape is something which does not solely Stephen Clampett (’08), Samantha Spaeth (’08), Betsy Rives (’07), Jackson Katz, Wanda Balzano (WGS), Jessica Meister (’07), Devin affect its victims. It affects every person close to them, and thus, it is not solely the responsibility or the problem of women. Rape, instead, is a Kidner (’08), Melissa Washington (’07), and Karissa Flynn (’07) human issue, and he asked the audience to consider that if one in four women will be raped or sexually assaulted in their lifetime, that means one in four fathers, brothers, boyfriends, sons, have had their daughter, their sister, their girlfriend or mother raped or sexually assaulted. He cited the manager of the New York Yankees, whose mother had been raped, and still to this day is affected by it. In doing this, I believe he reached out to many of the men in the audience, and awakened them to a responsibility for which they had previously felt no obligation or connection… Katz explicated that the institution of patriarchy isn’t just unfavorable for women, but for men as well. He explained that it is the duty of men and women alike to help make things better, for everyone. And in response to men who feel feminism is incongruent with “American values” he asserted, “If you don’t believe in feminism, you’re un-American.” Nicole Russo (’09) Since hearing Katz’s presentation, and being so upset by the attempt society seems to be making to disguise gender violence, I have been trying to do my part to raise awareness and help people to realize that gender crimes really do affect both men and women, and we all have a responsibility to be both honest about the struggles and proactive in our efforts to find a solution. His presentation prompted me to start working as an advocate for victims of sexual assault and domestic violence. As part of my training, I learned about the same things that Katz discussed: namely, that the perpetrators of gender crimes are overwhelmingly men and that the crimes don’t occur merely because a woman walks alone after dark or leaves her car door unlocked. One of the tragic consequences of the way these crimes are portrayed by the media is that they are painted almost as being the woman’s fault: if only the woman had been more aware of her surroundings, or if only she hadn’t been wearing such provocative clothing, then this crime allegedly would not have happened… In training to become an advocate, I learned that while women can reduce their risk of becoming a victim, prevention efforts must be directed toward men. Jessica Meister (’07) Jackson Katz attempted to show everyone at this event that portrayals of masculinity in the media are not something that should just be considered important in gender classes or to the females who are often the victims in the portrayals; instead, it should be a concern to everyone. The most disturbing aspect of the presentation to me came from the images of the wrestling programs that featured women being physically beaten by much larger men. The clips showed women beaten with chairs, slammed onto the ground, and all of the acts were sexualized. When a girl in the audience called attention to it and expressed her own pain at seeing the images, the atmosphere of the room was completely changed. While it was unfortunate that the audience needed to hear someone so moved and upset to actually think about what the images were depicting, I feel that it was a breakthrough. I know that it made at least a few people stop and say, “What are we thinking? We are students at Wake Forest. We will graduate as some of the most educated individuals in our nation and we aren’t taking this seriously? Something needs to be done.” And, as Katz put it, we are the people who have the “power” to do something about it. Carole Wyche (’07) Katz began his lecture by revealing the dominant role of masculinity and its apparent invisibility in our society. He argued that widespread violence in American society needs to be understood as part of an ongoing crisis in masculinity. Rather than examining deeper issues associated with crime and violence, the media tends to focus on institutional problems or other problems on the surface. This only perpetuates the crisis with male masculinity. Katz went on to show the expectations our society has of men—being super masculine, strong, violent, tough, and in charge. The media and even consumer products qualify this image in how they portray men. For example, Katz showed us an image of a G.I. Joe figure of twenty years ago. When compared to the new G.I. Joe, the figure is almost three times as small, the muscles are clearly not as big, and the guns are much bigger. We also saw troubling images of WWF wrestling, in which men threw women down or looked as if they were about to rape them. Again, this only validates the image our society has of masculinity. Katz’s icon for masculinity is far different though. He believes people should become educated and change their perception of the “masculine” man. Turner Dayton (’07) Jackson Katz is an anti-sexist male activist. According to Katz, the term “gender issues” has been misconstrued to mean issues pertaining to women. As a result, men have been socialized not to be overly concerned with these issues. Katz has dedicated his career to motivating the male population to take an active role in gender issues. When a person refers to social issues regarding race, sexual orientation, and gender, most people immediately think of African Americans and Latinos/Hispanics, gays, lesbians, and bisexuals, and women. The dominant group remains unexamined as if Whites do not belong to a race, or heterosexuals do not have a sexual orientation, or men do not have a gender. Katz rightly proclaims that men are every bit as gendered as women. Velvet Bryant (’09) I appreciated that Mr. Katz acknowledged at the beginning of his lecture that his work and theories would not be possible if not for the work of thousands of feminists who began asking the important initial questions decades earlier. I believe that the actual “take-home message” occurred at the very end of the lecture. After being posed several critical questions, Mr. Katz paused to explain that his purpose in coming to Wake Forest and speaking at colleges in general was not to get everyone to start thinking in the same way, but rather to get people talking about these important issues. Patrice Clair (’07)


Equality Summit (Continued from page 1) Here are some of their thoughts on the conference they were able to help organize and participate in as activists. Lauren Kulp (’10) I got a much clearer idea of what feminist activism is all about by attending an actual conference with activists themselves. This is probably the most unique class experience I've ever had by uniting lecture, the planning of the U.S. Social Forum, and hands-on work. I feel confident that this class has helped to shape and guide my career path, and hope that more students will have the opportunity to participate in similar experiences as it helps students to become more worldly, helpful, and openminded individuals. Tara Tedrow (’09) Our class was able to put our knowledge of feminist issues to the test. Though we all felt wellversed in the issues that face women today, we were surprised at the harsh realities we confronted in our different seminars. The most meaningful seminar I attended was based on hate crimes and gender violence. It would be trite to say that these stories were moving, for they were beyond depressing and awakening. They really did change my perception of gender equalities in this country. It is hard to imagine a world free of hatred and discrimination. The troubling reality is that it might always remain hard to envision that world unless action is taken. We cannot presume that the victims of hatred will champion their own cause, for the disadvantaged are pushed so far on the periphery of society that their voices are hardly heard. To pull them closer into the circle of inclusion, acceptance and power takes the privileged individuals in society—not just the wealthy, but the articulate, the impassioned and the enfranchised—to speak on their behalf and demand a culture of care we are all entitled to. Turner Dayton (’07) This was by far one of the most eyeopening experiences of my life. I knew going into the conference that I felt strongly about a lot of the issues facing women, but I had no idea how devoted these individuals were to the cause. Women leaders from all over the country attended the conference—discussing issues such as access to reproductive healthcare, affirmative action, hate crimes legislation, and how technology can improve feminist movements. It was incredible how many concerns and problems were covered during this summit, and also how efficient these organizers actually were. I brought back so many important lessons on how to spread the word regarding feminist issues and how to organize events. It was truly an inspirational event for everyone in our class. Morgan Mueller (’08) By attending one of the seminars, I learned that ideology and industry pressure are what lead women to be unhappy with their bodies. The cosmetics market is enormous, and where around ten thousand women were having cosmetic procedures performed in the past, it is closer to several hundred thousand today. Silicone implants have been available since the 1960s, before they were safety tested, and it was not until 1976 that safety testing was actually performed. It has been proven that implants will break eventually, and they are not safe over the lifetime of the product. Thomas Lawson (’07) Volunteering at the Summit was a great experience. While I felt a little overwhelmed being only one of four males at the conference it was a great venue which discussed many issues I had previously not considered. During the conference, I attended a Legal Momentum breakout session discussing comprehensive immigration reform. They stressed the importance of ending workplace discrimination towards the millions of undocumented women that are filling essential gaps in the labor market while enduring workplace exploitation, sexual harassment, low wages, and poor working conditions. The

breakout session and the conference gave me a chance to see people very dedicated to a cause and to experience feminist activism first hand. Kellie Cavagnaro (’07) The experience was an invaluable one, and served as a great motivator for me, personally, in committing myself to a career in Human Rights work. Being a part of the Women’s Equality Summit allowed me to hear from, and dialogue with, many renowned feminist activists and coordinators as well as victims of human rights abuse. I received a clear message that our actions now as feminist activists can have a substantial future impact on the greater global community and the status of women and rights of all persons. I am inspired by the work of the women I met at the Summit, and look forward to working with them and others as the first ever U.S. Social Forum approaches. Caroline Gaiser (’08) This was an eye-opening and uplifting experience. Never before had I been in such a venue of hope, commitment, and solidarity. Women of all ages, races, religions, sexual orientations, and a few progressive men as well, came together to discuss issues affecting women worldwide today. As female citizens of a country so rich in resources, we must strive for three goals. First is the acknowledgement of our good fortune, not as a permanent privilege, but rather as a means for stabilizing women’s success and power everywhere. The second goal we must accomplish as individual women is that we aren’t guaranteed the freedoms we have in the future if we don’t work towards their permanence today. Finally, we must collectively recognize that inequality between the sexes still runs rampant in our society. Women account for over half of college students in our nation, and are still being paid less than males of their same status. Serena Rwejuna (’07) The 2007 Women’s Equality Summit was a truly life changing experience. The wealth of information presented went far beyond what any semester in the classroom could attempt to convey. Experiencing feminist activism first hand takes all of the lessons learned in the classroom and makes them real. The overwhelming level of passion, energy and knowledge that the women and men at the conference shared with each person there was truly invigorating. At Wake Forest University we say that we have a motto of Pro Humanitate, for humanity; we should strive to make sure that each of our students has an opportunity to experience what it is to work actively for humanity. It is my hope that many more students will have this opportunity.

Joy Harjo Internationally renowned poet and musician (Muskogee-Creek) performed at WFU on January 18, at the opening of the AmericanIndian conference, “Women of Proud Nations: Creating and Sustaining Hope for American Indian Women and Their Families” (Co-sponsored by WGS)

“In school the world I was taught was relatively flat, but brilliant in conception and variety. And in that world there were no females, there were no Indians, and even though half the class was Indian we read that there were no more Indians.” -13-

News from and about our Minors Aparna Bansal (’07) is graduating with a major in Sociology and minors in Political Science and WGS. Aparna plans to do paralegal work for a year or two in the Virginia/DC area before attending law school. Lizzy Bell (’08) is an Executive Board member of PREPARE, a student organization at WFU that educates students about rape prevention and promotes healthy communication in relationships. Lizzy is a team captain for DESK (Discovering Education through Student Knowledge), a service project in which at-risk students from Old Town Elementary School are partnered with teams of Wake Forest students to paint and decorate a desk for that child. The desk, along with a chair and school supplies, are delivered to the students’ homes so they have better spaces at home to do schoolwork. She is also a member of Psi Chi, a psychology honor society, and Kappa Kappa Gamma. Lizzy is an avid sports fan and enjoys hanging out with her dog, Samson. Velvet Bryant (’09) is a Psychology major and has been selected as a discussion group leader for the 2007 PreSchool Conference during freshmen orientation. She is involved with Forest Fire Christian Ministries on campus. Velvet is a William Louis Poteat Scholar and a Dean’s List student. She volunteers at the St. Anne’s Episcopal Childcare Center in WinstonSalem, working with infants, toddlers, and four-year olds. Velvet was among the recipients of an Undergraduate Student Stipend for Participation in International Conferences and Activities awarded by the WFU Center for International Studies. She will attend the U.S. Social Forum in Atlanta, June 27-July 1. Laura Bullins (’07) is graduating magna cum laude with a major in Anthropology and minors in Theatre and WGS. Laura is the 2007 winner of the Academic Award for Outstanding Senior in WGS. She is also the recipient of a fellowship, the 5th Year Institute, from the Entrepreneurship Program. It is a one-year fellowship that provides classes and mentorship, allowing the student to devote a year to starting a new business. Laura is developing a hand-painted yarn company, The Painted Sheep. She will be taking classes in accounting and marketing in the fall and spring, but most of her time will be focused on establishing and promoting her business. Laura is a member of the Mortar Board Honor Society. She attended the annual Society for Applied Anthropology (SIAA) Conference, March 27-April 1. Laura, along with several other students from Clark University and one other student from WFU (Courtney Abrahms), presented their research and experiences in Chiapas, Mexico during the summer of 2006, studying the culture of the indigenous Maya people. Laura’s research focus was on women's health. She traveled with a medical team, providing free health clinics in rural, indigenous villages. Her basic research finding was that the biggest health problem for the women in these communities was lack of education and understanding of their own bodies and what is "normal", especially concerning menstruation and menopause. Kellie Cavagnaro (’07) is graduating with a major in Spanish and minors in International Studies and WGS. Kellie hopes to work with a non-profit, human rights organization for a year, during which time she will apply to graduate programs in human rights. This summer she will be working on the world court of women for the 2007 U.S. Social Forum. Elizabeth Ebia (’07) is graduating with a major in English and a minor in WGS. Elizabeth will attend Cumberland University in Nashville, TN, to pursue a Masters degree in Education. After that, she plans to teach elementary school in Nashville. Nicole Fitzpatrick (’07) is graduating magna cum laude with a major in Psychology and minors in WGS and Dance. She is an eight-semester Dean’s List candidate, a student intern at Wake’s NPR station 88.5 WFDD (2004-2007), a student dancer and choreographer in the Wake Forest Dance Company (2003-2007), and Student Ambassador of IES Study Abroad Program in Vienna, Austria (2006-2007). Nicole’s post-graduation plans include an Editorial Assistant position in Boston at MomCentral, Inc., a consulting firm for corporations targeting the “Mom Market.” It is female founded and run under CEO Stacy Debroff. Nicole may return to graduate school in Public Policy or Psychology. Nicole is the 2007 winner of the Knox Dance Scholar Award. Karissa Flynn (’07) is graduating magna cum laude with honors in Political Science and minors in International Studies and WGS. She is co-recipient of the 2007 Leadership Award for Outstanding Senior in WGS. Karissa will be attending law school at Temple University in Philadelphia this fall. Ashley Graham (’08) will be working this summer for the Bill Graham for Governor of North Carolina campaign. Liz Lundeen (’07) is graduating magna cum laude with majors in Political Science and with honors in History. Liz is the 2007 winner of the Elizabeth Phillips Award for the Best Essay in WGS, the W.J. Cash Award for Studies in Southern United States History, and the Claud H. Richard Award for Excellence in Political Science. Liz has been affectionately called our “WGS un-minor” because she was so involved in WGS activities and took so many WGS classes but was unable to complete her minor. She is President of College Democrats, a member of the student group WISE (Women’s Initiative for Support and Empowerment), and is involved in Policy Debate. Liz is a Truman Scholar, a member of Phi Beta Kappa, an American Academy of Political and Social Science Junior Fellow, a Presidential Scholar for Debate, a member of the Mortar Board Honor Society, a member of the Omicron Delta Kappa Honor Society, a member of Phi Alpha Theta History Honors Society, and a member of Pi Sigma Alpha Political Science Honors Society. As a member of the Volunteer Service Corps, Liz participated in service trips to Moscow Orphanage #105 in 2005 and again in 2006 as a Trip Leader. She also volunteered with the Forsyth County Democratic Party. Liz will be working at the Center for Legal and Social Policy (CLASP) in Washington, D.C., this summer on a research project regarding public policy for low-income workers, especially women. This fall she is headed to the University of Cambridge (Clare College) for an MPhil in Historical Studies, with a concentration in the history of the American South. Annie McAdams (’07) is graduating cum laude with a major in Psychology and a minor in WGS. She has made the Dean’s List every semester at Wake and is a member of the Golden Key National Honor Society. Annie will attend law school at the University of Florida in the fall. Shannon Philmon (’07) is graduating with a major in Political Science and a minor in WGS. Shannon is co-recipient of the 2007 Leadership Award for Outstanding Senior in WGS. She will be moving to Boston after graduation. We are all proud of the great work Shannon did this past year as President of the WFU student government.


Minors (Continued on page 16)

Jennifer Lanier (Continued from page 1) “After this play, I found myself speechless—energized, jazzed, but speechless nonetheless. Honestly, this play was one of the most profound, worshipful experiences I have witnessed throughout my senior year. As a self-described member of nearly all dominant groups, the catharsis of this piece stopped me in my tracks. This play is so animated and engaging, that for brief moments, I forgot that I wasn’t a black/white/Native American, lesbian on the tale end of the baby boomers. Cassie Williams (’07), Chandler The invitation to live Lanier’s Carruth (Graduate), and Jennifer Lanier life, to share her joy and her pain was alluring. When she acted out the end of her middle school love, destroyed by her mis-education that “God wouldn’t love her” if she continued to date a girl, my heart broke for her. I believed, and perhaps I’m naive, that this particular scene could achieve the empathetic understanding necessary for many religious persons who are insensitive to GLBT issues. The language in this piece was powered by her restriction of identity in the piece. She eased her audience into her identity by appealing to universal human nature—love, fear, excitement, anger, heartbreak, etc. By the end of the play, Lanier, on stage and in her life, had embraced her identity—however convoluted she first perceived it. The building movement of the catharsis of the play enhanced my empathetic journey into the facets of her life to which I (as a heterosexual, white male) would normally not be privy. The story-telling aspect of the play, especially the NativeAmerican-themed myth, which concluded the play, was helpful for the empathy of the piece. When Lanier discovered the meaning of the coyote dropping the leaf…her message was clear. When the outside identifiers (fleas) placed on your person are stripped away, all that is left is to “let go,” and you are liberated to be alone in your identity— regardless of whether or not you are a woman of color, a same-gender loving individual, or an upper-class, heterosexual, male…you are who you are…when you let go of the leaf. The coyote’s immersion was a process of self-definition, as was Lanier’s life.” Mitchell Currin (’07) “Jennifer Lanier’s show, None of the Above, was a moving experience that led the audience on a journey to selfdiscovery through the lenses of gender, race, and sexuality. So often these topics are, for whatever reason, uncomfortable to discuss. However, Lanier did a spectacular job of connecting with the audience through her use of humor. By not taking herself too seriously, Lanier opened the doors of communication and made these topics, which are seemingly taboo in our society, safe to talk about. I felt that Lanier’s perspective was extremely unique, given her specific temporal and social position in life as a homosexual woman of several races. Not only did she encounter racism from white and AfricanAmerican society, but she also encountered prejudices because of her sexual orientation. I had never before thought about how something as allegedly simple as identifying one’s race on a census card could make someone pause and think. I can’t count how many times I have checked the box that says “F” for female and “White/Caucasian” for my race without giving a second thought to the issue. In light of Jennifer’s show, however, I began to think about my own identity and how my specific location influences my beliefs as a woman and a feminist, and how it might impact my role in feminist efforts. Lanier said that college was the time when she truly discovered and explored who she was, and so I decided to respond to her presentation by trying to do the same. I started by researching my heritage, and was very surprised to learn that I am not, in fact, merely Caucasian as I have always assumed on the basis of my skin color. I learned that in reality, I am “half”

Apache. I never had thought of myself as something other than “white,” but now I am exploring the history and beliefs of the Apache people so that I can have a better sense of where I come from and who I am. My hope is that being able to identify more specifically my “position” in life will help me to be more productive to both the advancement of women’s rights and to society in general. One point I was particularly interested in was when Lanier mentioned that she confronted a great difficulty with regards to her religious belief. Her mother told her that God would not love her if she was gay. I cannot imagine the psychological effects of a claim that says God doesn’t love you because of who you are. And yet I have heard this “teaching” many times and have seen people holding signs that say “Faggots are going to burn in Hell.” I wonder how one reconciles the belief that God hates him or her with the belief that God is all loving and all good. While I have never been able to view society through the lens of homosexuality, there are many other aspects of life to which this conflict might apply. For example, per our class discussion and debate on abortion and contraception, it seemed evident that a majority of both our particular class and society at large feels that there are circumstances in which abortion or the use of artificial contraception ought to be permitted (and may even be necessary). And yet, religious teachings (or at least the teachings with which I am familiar, namely those of the Roman Catholic tradition) tell us explicitly that these things are opposed to God’s will and those who choose to behave in such a manner will incur the wrath of God. I cannot accept the claim that many fundamentalists make, in an effort to enforce conformity, that God will not love a person merely because the person may be gay or may seek to have control over her body. Karissa Flynn (‘07), Wanda Balzano (WGS), Roberta Morosini (Romance Languages), and Furthermore, those radical Jennifer Lanier claims hinder the goals of global feminism by making equality applicable only to a particular group of women (heterosexual, pro-life, etc.). As we read in Wichterich’s Globalized Woman, global feminism requires that we don’t work only for the rights of a particular kind of woman, but for all women in general. There must be some way to reconcile religious teachings with these goals, but I do not think that such a reconciliation is by any means easy or simple. The threat of God’s hatred is a difficult thing to contend with, made even more difficult for Lanier by the fact that she was only a child. In addition to this, the fact that one cannot place oneself neatly within a box whether that box is “white,” “African American,” “male,” “female,” or any other categorization makes life even more difficult. As Lanier said, she was “too white to be black, too black to be white, too gay to be straight, and too straight to be gay.” To what community does someone in that situation belong? As we learned from Lanier’s presentation, not being able to put oneself in a box requires that one has the courage to create a unique identity that is not limited by strict classifications. I never had a problem putting myself into a box: white, heterosexual, female. But since Lanier’s show, I have been thinking that I am so much more than those three words could ever imply. Furthermore, I think the true ends of feminism demand that we refuse to place ourselves in boxes and rather create our own unique identities.” Jessica Meister (’07) Many thanks to WGS minor Karissa Flynn (’07) for co-organizing the Lanier event, to Chandler Carruth (Graduate) for providing technical support, and to sponsors American Ethnic Studies, Pro Humanitate Center (Lilly Grant), Entrepreneurship and Social Enterprise, Gay Straight Student Alliance (GSSA), W.I.S.E., Art, and Theatre.


Non-Profit Organization US Postage PAID Winston-Salem, NC Permit No. 69

Welcome to New Student Organization: Women in Science Laura Shashy (’09), Austin Hester (’09), and Kim Beam (’09)

Throughout history women have made significant scientific contributions to society, but historically they have been given less recognition and praise than their male counterparts. For many years, there was a considerable difference in the number of men and women with degrees in scientific fields—men holding the majority by far. Fortunately, this dissimilarity has moved towards equilibrium over the past century, with women making up approximately 41% of graduate students in science and engineering. However, only 26% of those holding science and engineering doctorates are women (*Hahm, 2004). Regard to former social norms has inspired women to work together and support each other in their careers and scholarly pursuits in order to break social barriers which previously held them back. Here at Wake Forest University, the organization Women in Science was reinstated during the 20062007 school year and works to encourage college women to pursue their interests in the fields of math and science. Women in Science is an organization formed to bring together female undergraduates interested in fields such as chemistry, biology, physics, mathematics, or computer science. The fellowship of Women in Science strengthens members by creating a network of women with similar interests to offer support and guidance as each student follows her own path. The group seeks to create an environment where each member can find a community of learning and friendship. We support our members and encourage pursuit in the sciences through scholarship opportunities, research stints, or highlighting talks and seminars on campus. Women in Science also supports community involvement through encouraging young children to pursue goals in science. Participating in a local science fair this semester allowed us to demonstrate basic scientific properties in three interactive and fun exhibits to elementary age children. Women in Science has also participated in Turtle Tug with Delta Zeta and sponsored a booth at KidsFest for handicapped children. Our organization works diligently to build bridges with both the Wake Forest campus and the Winston-Salem community. Now that Women in Science is officially chartered, we are able to focus plans for prospective events in the coming years. In the future, Women in Science hopes to provide more community service by partnering with local elementary, middle, and high schools to establish a tutoring program. We hope to recruit many new members at our booth during the activities fairs for incoming freshmen this spring. Women in Science is an organization created to benefit its members and the community alike. If you are interested in getting involved in Women in Science, contact current president Laura Shashy at, Austin Hester at , or Kim Beam at


*(Hahm, J-o. Data on Women in S&E.Women, Minorities and Persons with Disabilities in Science and Engineering, NSF 2004

Minors (Continued from page 14) Lily Robinson (’07) is graduating cum laude with a major in Biology and a minor in Women’s and Gender Studies. After graduation, Lily will be moving to Boston where she will do microbiology research at Massachusetts General Hospital. Christina Sirockman (’07) is graduating with a major in Political Science and minors in Sociology and WGS. Christina is a member of the Order of Omega Greek Honors Society. She volunteers for Campus Kitchen and Ronald McDonald House. Christina likes to cook, travel, run, lift weights, play with her puppy “Tucker,” and spend time with her friends and family. Christina Stenhouse (’07) is graduating with a major in Health and Exercise Science and minors in French and WGS. Christina will be moving to Houston, TX, where she will be a member of Teach for America Corps. Tory Tevis (’07) is graduating magna cum laude with a major in History and minors in WGS and International Studies. Tory has been accepted into the Brethren Volunteer Service for placement in Central America, Northern Ireland, or Eastern Europe. News and Notes is published twice each year to report on Women’s and Gender Studies developments, including the next semester's course offerings, WGS student, alumnae/i and faculty activities, and short feature news articles. We welcome comments, suggestions, and address changes from all our readers. We particularly value our alumnae/i and encourage you to send news and/or articles. Please send your information to

2007 Spring/Summer Newsletter  
2007 Spring/Summer Newsletter