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No. 32/Spring 2003 Anne Boyle, Director Linda Mecum, Editor 336/758-3758 wst@wfu.edu www.wfu.edu.Academicdepartments/ Womens-Studies

News from the Director

Anne Boyle

It’s been only three months since I stepped into this position, and while a few colleagues suggest that astonishing changes appear to have occurred in the Women’s Studies Program, I find that I am not at all astonished. Yes, the college faculty has endorsed our request to change the name of our program; we are now, officially, the Women’s and Gender Studies Program. And, yes, committed to this interdisciplinary field of study and ready to take on the real work that comes when scholarly research is translated into practice, students, faculty, and staff across the university have joined together to establish five important committees (see insert to this newsletter). Each committee has defined its goals; committee members are excited to share their vision, their knowledge, and their talents to accomplish these goals. The chairs and co-chairs of these committees, serving as an advisory board to the director of the program, form an inclusive community of scholars, practitioners, teachers, and learners who care passionately about our intellectual and human enterprise. I am not astonished at what has been accomplished because I really did not step into a position. I stepped into a vibrant and generous intellectual community, one that was not only well prepared to take this interdisciplinary program to a new stage in its development, but also one that demanded it. (Director continued on page 4)

A Glance Back and Forward Lindsay Littlefield (’03)

I aim high. I plan to be the first womyn governor of my home state of Minnesota. I hope to raise awareness of gender-related issues in my state and to continue fighting for the things I believe in—an end to domestic violence and sexual abuse, and to create better economic and educational opportunities for womyn. (I choose to spell "woman" and "women" with a "y" in the attempt to create a unique rhetorical identity for "womyn.") I am the person I am today because of Womyn's Studies. Over the past four years, I have had the privilege to take six WST courses at Wake Forest and each of these courses has played an (Glance continued on page 3)

Senior Reflections Stacy Gomes (‘03)

As a senior, reflecting upon what I have learned during my four years at Wake Forest, I realize I have grown immensely. Part of that growth has been influenced by my participation in the Women’s Studies Program, now Women’s and Gender Studies. Like the program itself, the people within it are continually evolving. As a Women’s Studies minor, a member of WISE, and a student representative on the Women’s Studies Steering Committee, I have taken advantage of wonderful opportunities within the program. I have been exposed to independent studies, i nt e r ns hi p s , a nd v a r i o u s classes—from gender in modern times to issues of women and reproduction. (Reflections continued on page 2)

Upcoming Events March 31, 2003 Women’s Studies Spring Reception 4:00-6:00 p.m., Magnolia Room (Reynolda) Celebrating our past and our future April 22, 2003 Women’s Studies Senior Colloquium 4:00-6:30 p.m., Autumn Room (Reynolda) Presentations from outstanding seniors May 18, 2003 WFU Honors and Awards Ceremony 1:00 p.m., Brendle Recital Hall WST senior academic and service awards presented May 18, 2003 Women’s Studies Graduation Reception for Minors, Family, and Faculty 4:15 p.m., Tribble Hall Main Lobby May 19, 2003 Commencement 9:00 a.m., University Plaza Michael R. Bloomberg, speaker May 31, 2003 Sixth Annual Excellence Triathlon Kentner Stadium, Reynolda Campus Supports domestic violence prevention and educational programs. Call 713-4230 for information. (sponsored by WHCOE) June 19-22, 2003 National Women’s Studies Association 24th Annual Conference New Orleans, Louisiana August 25, 2003 Women’s Studies Open House/Reception for Students and Faculty 1:00 p.m., Tribble Hall Main Lobby, WST Office, and WST Library/Lounge For more information about any of these events, please call 758-3758.


Internship Gives Student Feeling of Accomplishment

Sarah Lester (’03)

Political science major Sarah Lester has been interning (WST 397) at the Center for Community Safety in downtown Winston-Salem. Funded by the U.S. Department of Justice, the Center is directed by Sylvia Oberle and employs community leaders, ministers, and college professors to conduct community studies on such issues as domestic violence and prisoner re-entry statistics within Winston-Salem. The Center uses the research and statistics to devise public policy proposals. Sarah’s goal is to become a political lobbyist, and she writes that her internship at the Center “will help me in the future because I'm learning how to conduct grassroots research and

seeing how it can work its way into the hands of policy makers and actually make a tangible change in the community.” Sarah’s particular assignment is Project Re-Entry, a program that tracks the difficulties that ex-prisoners face upon reintegration into society. She spends four to five hours a week at the Center, meeting with Project directors, conducting research, and entering data. Working with a team of two to four men who go out into the Cleveland Avenue area of Winston-Salem to conduct residential surveys that include information such as household size and composition, neighborhood safety, and transportation routes, Sarah enters their data and sends it to a colleague at the Urban Institute in Washington, DC, who plots it into maps used as refer-

Update From a Former Women’s Studies Minor

FACULTY CONGRATULATIONS Olga Valbuena (English) has written Subjects to the King’s Divorce: Equivocation, Infidelity, and Resistance in Early Modern England, Indiana University Press, due out in June 2003. It contains a chapter on Elizabeth Cary and The Tragedy of Mariam—the first original play by a woman to be published in England (1613). Mary DeShazer (Women’s Studies/English) recently presented two papers—intersections between women’s studies and South African poetics, and breast cancer poetry by U.S. women—at a national women’s studies symposium at the University of Hawaii, Hilo. Her article, “Fractured Borders: Women’s Cancer and Feminist Theatre,” will appear in this summer’s issue of the National Women’s Studies Association (NWSA) Journal. Linda Nielsen’s (Women’s Studies/Education) third book, Embracing Your Father: Strengthening the Father-Daughter Relationship, will be published by McGraw-Hill this fall. (Reflections continued from page 1)

The contribution I am most proud of is an independent study I completed in fall 2002 with Dr. Susan Borwick on the importance of third wave feminism. During the first stages of preparing the paper I became increasingly frustrated because I realized how difficult it can be for people to find their place within the movement, but the paper became an incredibly challenging and intellectually rewarding experience. Many people deny the existence of a present wave; however, a constant flow of energy exists among men and women regarding feminist issues--even though the wave may not be at its peak, its presence is felt. Difficult to see because the third wave is not characterized by the protests that defined the first and, to an even greater degree, the second, this wave is more subtle, but perhaps more

ence tools for staff, community leaders, and policy makers interested in reviewing and using the Center’s work. While Sarah has been learning research methods for grassroots policy makers, she tells us that “the most shocking aspect of the internship actually came in the first couple of weeks when I was doing all of my background reading about the underprivileged community within WinstonSalem. The high crime rates and homeless rates, mixed with the sheer poverty that exists here, were very surprising to me.” She adds that she is proud to be working for an organization that gives her the opportunity to make an important contribution to the improvement of the well-being of people living in Winston-Salem.

I received my (Fall 2002) issue of News & Notes yesterday—it is always great to learn what’s new at WF. I finished a Master’s in Education last May. I am now an Adjunct Instructor of English at Marymount University in Arlington, VA, and an Adjunct Instructor of Speech Communication at Prince George’s Community College in Largo, MD. My husband (Bob Fatzinger, WFU ’97, ’99) and I live in Fairfax, VA. I owe much of my motivation to teach at the college level to the excellent professors I had in the WST program at WFU—Mary Dalton, Terry Smith, Susan Borwick, Mary DeShazer, and others. Thanks so much for keeping me “in the loop.”

effective in making many changes within the feminist framework. A unique aspect of the third wave is the acceptance of more than one definition of feminism; all feminists need not fit into one of the theoretical classifications of feminism. Many young feminists are focused on providing choices for women, even when the choices have not been associated historically with feminist ideology. I must admit that I had some issues when trying to evaluate the traditional feminist principles in some of my earlier classes, and attempting to fit those ideas into third wave ideology. Eventually, I realized that the feminist movement needs to be more inclusive, as is signaled by the name change in our program. I am not advocating ignoring all the wonderful contributions first and second wave feminists have made. In fact, third wave feminists need to understand femi-

Kirsten (Patchel) Fatzinger (’99) nist history and recognize that the only reason we can move beyond ideology is because older feminists have succeeded in doing it for us. Now we can focus on the daily, practical issues associated with feminism. Feminism is not dead; there are always new struggles for women. Discrimination mechanisms may be subtler, but discrimination is still rampant in every part of our society: in the media, in classrooms, at parties. Next fall, as I begin law school, I will apply much of what I have learned as a Women’s Studies minor. My Women’s Studies professors never told me what to think, but provided me with the tools necessary to research and critique. They have allowed me to draw my own conclusions, a most important one being that the intellectual processes I have been taught in Women’s Studies—to question and reflect—will not end with a diploma.


(Glance continued from page 1)

important role in shaping my identity as a womyn, as a student, and as an activist. Each semester, I looked forward most to my womyn's studies courses for so many reasons. I enjoyed the classes because I think that the Womyn's Studies classroom is a truly different experience from other classrooms on campus. Feminist pedagogy rejects hierarchies in higher education and dismantles artificial barriers between faculty and students. It also cultivates a kind of respect and friendship absent from many facultystudent relationships. Never have I felt more affirmed and empowered than when sitting in my womyn's studies classes. Additionally, I enjoyed the classes because I considered the subject matter to be so important. Each day that I left a WST course, I knew I would never forget what we had talked about. Learning about ecofeminism and sound

living, natural childbirth, and mother-daughter relationships resonated deeply with me because they affected my relationships and life decisions. Gender-related issues are my passion. This passion has spilled over from the classroom to my involvement on this campus in WISE (Women’s Initiative for Support and Empowerment) and will one day hopefully take me to the gubernatorial post in Minnesota. As I prepare to leave this campus and hopefully find a job with a womyn's advocacy organization, I'd like to thank all the faculty and staff connected with Womyn's Studies for their wonderful work and for making such a strong impression on me. Specifically, I am grateful to have studied under or worked with Anne Boyle, Linda Mecum, Terry Smith, Lynn Rhoades, Michaelle Browers, Mary DeShazer, Katy Harriger, and Michele Gillespie.

News From Our Minors Megan Chappell (’04) is a member of Alpha Phi Omega coed service fraternity (1st Vice President/Service Coordinator), WFU Marching Band, Wind Ensemble, Symphonic Band, and WFU PreLaw Society. Megan’s distinctions include Golden Key International Honor Society and nomination to the Mortar Board. As a member of APO, she volunteers at Easton Elementary School, the Second Harvest Food Bank, Samaritan Ministries, and other agencies. She plays piano, bassoon, and saxophone. During school breaks, Megan works for the law firm of Hollers & Atkinson in Troy, NC, performing title searches and preparing deeds, title opinions, and other documents. Nadia Flanigan (’03) is completing an internship at Parkland High School. A member of the Psychology Undergraduate Committee and Multicultural Enrichment Peer Mentoring Program, she is a student advisor for freshmen and tutors at the Best Choice Center and Cook Elementary School. Nadia is on the Dean’s List and volunteers with the Methodist Children’s Home and Big Brothers/Big Sisters. Currently the music director for S.O.U.L. (a women’s a cappella group that emphasizes Service, Sisterhood, Song, and Diversity), Nadia is also a member of the WFU Gospel Choir. Anjali Garg (’05) is a member of the Varsity Debate Team and WISE. President of the College Democrats, Anjali is a Dean’s List student, tutor, an Upper Class Carswell Scholar, and a recent Octafinalist at the Catholic University of America Debate Tournament. She does volunteer Democratic campaign work. Anjali plays violin in the WFU orchestra and is a resident actress at Montage Showcase Ensemble. She is currently doing research that will be used to develop a new feminist ideology that combines Western feminist thought with Indian feminist thought for Indian-American womyn living in the United States. She recently helped plan an event through WISE with the Black Student Alliance to recognize womyn of color at Wake. Amanda Sweetser (’03) is a member of Alpha Phi Omega National Co-educational Service Fraternity and has been on the Dean’s List from fall 2001-present. Amanda volunteers through APO in a wide variety of service projects, her favorite being the work at Samaritan Ministries.

Women’s Studies is pleased to have been a part of the following events December 2, 2002 Christine Eber Presentation (Dept. of Anthropology, NMSU) 7:30 p.m., Anthropology Museum (partial sponsor) January 12, 2003 WFU Women’s Basketball 3-Point Attack on Breast Cancer LJVM Coliseum Annex (partial sponsor) February 26, 2003 Layli Miller-Muro Lecture (author/attorney/Tahirih Justice Center founder) 8:00 p.m., Wait Chapel (partial sponsor) March 15-17, 2003 Belfast Blues (Geraldine Hughes’ one-woman show of a girl growing up in violence-torn Belfast, Ireland) Scales Fine Arts Center (partial sponsor) March 18-19, 2003 The Phyllis Trible Lecture Series (Guest Lecturers: Carol Meyers, Margaret Farley, and Katie Cannon) Wait Chapel (partial sponsor) March 18, 2003 WST Minor Advising 2:00-3:30 p.m. Tribble Hall A107 March 25, 2003 Women of Color Day (Program, reception, and recognition of Office of Multicultural Affairs Women: Barbee Oakes, Teresa Earl and Lamaya Covington)

Woman of the Year Award The Women’s Studies Woman of the Year award will be presented to The Group of 1962, WFU Alumnae Friends of Women’s Studies, at the Spring Reception on March 31. This outstanding group of women made a generous contribution that supported a lecture and panel discussion on Combining Professional and Personal Lives last spring, and will help support a visiting professor next year.


Women’s Studies Welcomes New Minors! Margot Adler (‘04) Lisa Mann (‘04) Alexis Straus (‘04)

(Director continued from page 1)

I wish to thank many for their dedication to the program. I would like the community to recognize Linda Mecum, the insightful, professional, and ever so gracious woman who has been an invaluable assistant to all who are associated with the program; Linda McKinnish Bridges who, serving as Interim Director, began the dialogue that led to a re-imagining of the program’s organizational structure; Linda Nielsen and Mary DeShazer, whose past work and continued energies are key to our development; the fac-

Carolyn Gallaspy (‘05) Amanda Miller (‘04) April Yount (‘03) ulty and students who, having served on the Women’s Studies Steering Committee, continue to help us refine our vision of what this program should be; members of the community who have joined us recently, serving on our committees, teaching classes in women and gender studies, and bringing different perspectives, exciting research, and new energies to all of us. I invite all members of our community to consider the goals we have set for ourselves through our new organizational structure and to contribute to our mission. We welcome you.

Women’s Studies Sponsors Senior Colloquium for Minors On Tuesday, April 22, Women’s Studies will honor minors who have not only achieved a GPA of greater than 3.0, but also who have made truly interesting contributions to scholarship and/or community internships/ service during their time at Wake Forest. The Women’s Studies Senior Colloquium will give students an opportunity to share with faculty and each other the work they feel most passionate about—a directed study course, an honors project, an internship, a specific women’s studies or cross-listed course, or a community event. Seniors who will be participating are Nadia Flanigan, Stacy Gomes, Elena Jiminez, Lindsay Littlefield, Fielding Randall, Liz Story, and April Yount.

P.O. Box 7365 Winston-Salem, NC 27109

Women’s Studies and Cross-listed Courses for Fall 2003 WST 100 A-H RAD: Rape Aggression Defense for Women WST 221A Women’s Issues WST 321A Seminar: International Women’s Movements WST 321B Seminar: Gay and Lesbian Film & Theory WST 359A Fathers and Daughters WST 377A Special Topics: U.S. Women Poets & ENG 302 WST 396A Independent Study WST 397A Internships: Non-PREPARE only WST 397B Internships: PREPARE only AES 151 Race & Ethnic Diversity in America COM 340A American Rhetorical Movements to 1900 ECN 273A Economics for a Multicultural Future ENG 377 American Jewish Literature MIN 642* Gender and Leadership PSY 265 Human Sexuality REL 345 African-American Religious Experience SOC 337 Aging in Modern Society SOC 360A Social Inequality THS 790* Feminist and Womanist Literature and Faith *Graduate students only To find out more about the courses listed above, visit the Women’s Studies website at www.wfu.edu.Academicdepartments/Womens-Studies, or call the office at 336/758-3758.

Farewell to our Graduating Minors Claire Boyette ◊ Milloynie Byers ◊ Nadia Flanigan Darcy Foertch ◊ Stacy Gomes ◊ Elena Jimenez Lindsay Littlefield ◊ Fielding Randall Katie Robertson ◊ Elizabeth Story Amanda Sweetser ◊ April Yount News and Notes is published twice each year—fall and spring—to report on Women’s Studies developments. We welcome comments and suggestions from our readers. If you prefer to receive our newsletter via e-mail, or to view it on our website, please let us know at wst@wfu.edu


Women’s and Gender Studies Program Wake Forest University Organizational Structure (March 2003) The Women’s and Gender Studies Program is directed by a member of the faculty who works closely with an advisory board, comprised of the chairs (and co-chairs) of the following committees. Membership on these committees is open to faculty, students, and staff of Wake Forest University and may include representatives not directly affiliated with the university, but whose work and interests intersect with ours. Our goal is to maintain a diverse and active cohort; we strive to include faculty from all disciplines at the Reynolda Campus, as well as representatives from all our professional schools.

1. Curriculum Review, Scholarship, Teaching, and the Recruitment and Mentoring of Minors Co-Chairs: Mary Foskett (Religion) and Michaelle Browers (Politics) Members: Dean Franco (English), Brook Davis (Theatre), Elaine Swartzentruber (Religion), Anne Boyle (Women’s & Gender Studies/English), Lindsay Littlefield ’03, Alexis Straus ’04, Ashley Bumgarner ’04 This committee is responsible for reviewing existing curriculum, proposing new curriculum design to the Director, and recommending faculty and courses to add to the program, as core and/or cross-listed courses. They review the mission statement, develop short- and long-term academic goals for the program to be shared with all other committees, and create forums through which our community shares scholarship and concerns for teaching. In addition, this team helps recruit and mentor minors within the program. This committee may institute an annual senior colloquium and reading group open to faculty and students.

2. Research and Development Chair: Ulrike Wiethaus (Humanities) Members: Stephen Boyd (Religion), Michele Gillespie (History), Anjali Garg ’05 This committee works to find and create new avenues for research and publication in women’s studies and gender studies. In addition, members of the committee create ways to generate and sustain interest in developing funds through grant proposals and foundation support. Committee members will investigate the possibility of establishing a Gender Institute, a Center for Interdisciplinary Studies, etc. Participants help identify, interview, and lure visiting outside scholars into the program and actively seek full professorships, such as Reynolds Professors, in interdisciplinary fields. This group will develop the program, “Friends of Women’s Studies,” and arrange the Annual Luncheon and Woman of the Year Award.


3. Advancement Chair: Mary DeShazer (Women’s & Gender Studies/English), Fall 2003; Linda McKinnish Bridges (Associate Dean), Interim Chair Members: Carole Browne (Biology), Jane K. Curry (Theatre), Cecilia Solano (Psychology/Associate Dean of Graduate School), Sylvain Boko (Economics) This committee is responsible for encouraging women and men in the development of leadership skills and diversity in leadership within the university and beyond. Members of this group seek to advance the role of women and minority leaders on our university campus with some of the following directives: nominate women and minorities for leadership positions within the university; provide opportunities for women and minorities to attend leadership development conferences and seminars; mentor; and work to establish a collegial and safe campus for all, by actively advocating for day care solutions, the hiring and retention of women and minority faculty and staff members, pay and health benefits/equity for staff, the respect and safety of all peoples regardless of race, ethnicity, or sexual preferences, etc. This committee strives to form alliances with and collaborate with academic leaders at neighboring colleges and universities.

4. Campus Connections Chair: Simone Caron (History) Members: Sharon Andrews (Theatre), Ellen Kirkman (Mathematics), Cindy Gendrich (Theatre), Stacy Gomes ’03 This committee seeks to partner with programming, curriculum, and activism sponsored by the following groups: WISE, GIVE, WHCOE, Women in Science, Babcock, Divinity, and Law Schools. In addition, the committee explores ways to make closer connections with existing programs of interdisciplinary studies on Reynolda campus, such as American Ethnic Studies, International Studies, Environmental Studies, Humanities, etc.

5. Community Connections Chair: Linda Nielsen (Women’s & Gender Studies/Education) Members: Sally Sue Brown (Student Development), Angela Hattery (Sociology), Olga Valbuena (English), Meredith Gallaspy ’05 This committee seeks to support and enhance the existing program of internships. In addition, the members work to find additional avenues of partnerships with community agencies that seek to advance gender justice in our community. Opportunities for service learning and research needs of the community could be proposed by the committee and then developed within the Women’s and Gender Studies curriculum or supported by the research component.


2003 Spring/Summer Newsletter