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Women’s and Gender Studies at Wake Forest University

News & Notes No. 39/Fall-Winter 2006

News from the Director Wanda Balzano

Our program always has an appetite for fresh ideas, but we now have several new reasons to be thrilled, and I want to share them with you. Since August, with the new Core Faculty in place, Women’s and Gender Studies feels very much like a department, providing increased flexibility and variety in its curriculum, and Director (Continued on page 2)

New WGS Award to Honor Professor Elizabeth Phillips The Women’s and Gender Studies Program is extremely pleased to announce to the Wake Forest Community its decision to institute a new academic award, named in honor of Elizabeth Phillips, Professor Emerita of English, that will recognize remarkable research achievements in women’s and gender studies. Professor Phillips, who is the recipient of the Medallion of Merit—Wake Forest’s highest award for service to the university—was pleased to receive news of the creation of this new award last October. Phillips Award (Continued on page 6)

Reflections on WGS 101 Shannon Philmon (’07)

The incorporation of Women’s and Gender Studies into the Wake Forest academic curriculum was one of the best contributions this school has made since its founding as the Wake Forest Manual Labor Institute in 1834. Though contested in its initiation, the conceptual and theoretical programs it adds to our campus community enhance students’ lives and studies. After speaking to Professor Elizabeth Phillips, one of the pioneers of the Women’s and Gender Studies Program, I learned a lot about the initial struggles. Of course, it was seen as a politically WGS 101 (Continued on page 9)

New Visiting Professor and Course on Activism The Women’s and Gender Studies Program welcomes Dr. Patricia K. Willis as the new Visiting Professor in Women’s and Gender Studies. Dr. Willis holds a Ph.D. in Women’s Studies from the State University of New York at Albany, two M.A.s (one in Religion and the other in Women’s Studies), and has a strong record of national and international activism. Her current research focuses on Visiting Professor (Continued on page 6)

Global Views on Cyberculture—A Nigerian Point of View Kike Fajemirokun (’07) This is a response to a New York Times article written by Somini Sengupta to discuss the e-mail petition sent around the world after the Nigerian Supreme Court sentenced Amina Lawal to death for having a child out of wedlock. While such a petition may seem to point to the global reach and humanitarian potential of the Internet, African human rights groups warn that such letters are often ignorant of the “situation on the ground” and may thus do more harm than good. In 2002 Amina Lawal, a 30-year-old Muslim woman, was sentenced to death by stoning by a Shariah Court at Bakori in the Katsina State in northern Nigeria. This verdict was delivered to Amina as a result of her confession that she Cyberculture (Continued on page 2)

Wanda Balzano, Director Linda Mecum, Editor A106A Tribble Hall Winston-Salem, NC 27109 336/758-3758 wgs@wfu.edu www.wfu.edu/academics/wgs

Dr. Patricia Martin Visits WFU January 31-February 2

Angela Hattery (Sociology/WGS)

We are pleased to announce the upcoming visit of Patricia Yancey Martin. Dr. Martin is the Daisy Parker Flory Professor of Sociology at Florida State University. She recently (2005) published a book, Rape Work: Victims, Gender, and Emotions in Organizations and Communities (Routledge 2005), that addresses the conditions that prompt society's representatives to treat victims harshly even when they sympathize with them. Martin Martin (Continued on page 7)

Upcoming Events January 17, 2007 Kevin Jennings, founder and executive director of GLSEN and creator of the Gay-Straight Alliance 8:00 p.m.—410 Benson Center, WFU January 18-21, 2007 Celebrating Women of Proud Nations: Creating and Sustaining Hope for American Indian Women and Their Families with Joy Harjo and Dr. Henrietta Mann WFU—various locations http://www.wfu.edu/humanities February 13, 2007 Dead Man Walking Screening of the 1995 drama starring Susan Sarandon and Sean Penn about Helen Prejean, a nun who must decide how to care for a man on death row while understanding the evil of his crimes 7:00 p.m.—Pugh Auditorium, WFU February 17, 2007 Helen Prejean: An Eyewitness Account of the Death Penalty in the U.S. 7:00 p.m.—Brendle Recital Hall, WFU March 6, 2007 Nuala Ní Dhomhnaill Irish Poetry Reading with Michael Longley and Justin Quinn 7:30 p.m.— 111 Carswell Hall, WFU March 6-7, 2007 Women and Words: Fifth Annual Phyllis Trible Lecture Series, with guest lecturers Dr. Susan Niditch Kwok Pui Lan Mary Gordon Dr. Gail Ramshaw Brendle Recital Hall, WFU To download and print the brochure go to http://divinity.wfu.edu/trible-lectures.html For additional information on any of these events visit our website at http://www.wfu.edu/wgs/news/


Director (Continued from page 1) functioning with the added contribution of six new faculty members who dynamically support the program in their teaching, research, and service. Scheduling courses has suddenly become much easier, and even students might feel that they are part of something larger—a minor, in fact, that is major in principle as well as in scope. It is with the generous assistance of the core faculty and the advisory board that new ideas and initiatives have been put into practice. One such initiative is the institution of the Elizabeth Phillips Award for the Best Essay in Women’s and Gender Studies, which recognizes the outstanding scholarship of WFU students in the field, while duly honoring Elizabeth Phillips, Professor Emerita of English—one of the most beloved professors at Wake Forest—for her distinguished academic career and exceptional scholarly commitment to the advancement of women’s and gender studies. One of the earlier meanings of the term “award,” as provided by the Oxford English Dictionary, is that of “keeping care, custody, wardship,” and this prize is to be considered just that—the depository of values to be passed on, contained in the mission of WGS and embodied by the exemplary scholarship of Professor Phillips. Together with the notion of passing on values and wisdom is the humanistic notion of a cultural interchange, where the common good is shared by all. It is in this spirit that WGS embarked on a whole new project with the establishment of WGS 101: Window on Women’s and Gender Studies. The first section of this course, thanks to the selfless collaboration of Professor Shannon Mihalko, who team taught it with me, and the invaluable technical assistance of Mr. Scott Claybrook, was a success: both the students and the instructors enjoyed the collective experience of critically discussing the rich array of cultural events that are at the heart of life at Wake Forest. This course presents a unique opportunity to feel the pulse of the community— and this is no small task, as even President Nathan Hatch, in his broadcast e-mail message of 30 November, affirmed that “community is one of the strongest aspects of life at Wake Forest and is part of what makes our shared experience so special.” Since community is a bit like family, we are delighted to announce a new resident of the WGS “home” in the spring: thanks to the generous support and continued commitment of Dean Debbie Best and Provost Bill Gordon, we will welcome, as our new Visiting Scholar in Women’s and Gender Studies, Prof. Patricia Willis, who will teach, in addition to WGS 221 and WGS 101, a new section of WGS 377 on “Teaching Feminist Activism and Creating Feminist Activists”—a subject matter that will be exciting to many students at Wake Forest for its service-learning component. We are very much looking forward to her joining our community. What else is new in Women’s and Gender Studies? We have a new Student Assistant, WGS minor Ashley Graham (’08), who has been a piece of good fortune. Not only is she a bundle of generous energy and good humor but also her IT skills are excellent, and both Linda Mecum and I are charmed by her presence in the office. This past semester, with the expert advice of our Instructional Technology Specialist Scott Claybrook, she has patiently created new organizational models in order to revamp our website—you’ll see the new WGS website very soon. I can’t praise Ashley enough for her excellent assistance as well as her exuberance and reliability. Finally, we have a surprise set for the spring. We will celebrate the 60th anniversary of Women at Wake Forest with an academic forum. Watch for it in our new website.

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Alla prossima

Dr. Catherine Paul: “How Gertrude Stein Teaches Us to Read”

Mary DeShazer, left (WGS/ English), and Catherine Paul, right

Retired Professors Eva Rodtwitt and Elizabeth Phillips chat with Dean Franco (English)

On November 2, 2006, Dr. Catherine Paul visited the Wake Forest campus. Her lecture, “How Gertrude Stein Teaches Us to Read” was well attended by students, faculty, and members of the Winston-Salem community. Dr. Paul is Associate Professor of English at Clemson University and the author of Poetry in the Museums of Modernism: Yeats, Pound, Moore, Stein (University of Michigan Press, 2002). A reception followed in the Ammons Lounge. Cyberculture (Continued from page 1) had a child while divorced. Pregnancy outside marriage is sufficient evidence for a woman to be convicted of adultery according to the Islamic law that was introduced in the northern states of Nigeria over the last seven years. Even though her sentence was eventually quashed in 2003 by the Sharia Court of Appeal of the Katsina State, the verdict in Amina’s case gave rise to a great deal of outside protest and involvement. Before her sentence was removed, e-mail petitions were sent from around the world denouncing the stoning sentence and labeling the Shariah court inhumane. The outside world endeavored to help Amina, but, in actuality, these email petitions to the Shariah Court only irritated the judges and slighted the authorities. It did not matter how many foreign people were involved or signed and forwarded email petitions. Some Nigerian Kike Fajemirokun (’07) natives, like me, felt that the international interference was also not well considered because the lawmakers were going to do what they wanted to do regardless of how many petitions foreigners sent or how inhumane they felt the verdict was. In the end, the people sending, creating, and signing email petitions were only making the situation worse. Luckily, for Amina Lawal, the Court did not find the need to prove its power by executing the sentence, but instead removed the death penalty on the basis that she was already pregnant when the harsh Islamic Shariah law was implemented in her home province. Why would so many people jump onto the bandwagon without really knowing the background of the story and the dangerous impact that their protest might have? All they saw in the case was that a woman was going to be stoned to death because she had committed adultery. They did not even take the time to learn about the local activism of African Human Rights groups, the cultural context of why the verdict was so, or if international interference could harm or favor Amina. Even though the protesters’ intentions were good, their ignorance could have done more harm than good; in other words, they could have caused Amina’s death. Simply put, before outsiders decide to e-mail petitions and other cyber-related messages about certain issues they may find inhumane in other countries, they should know the background, history, culture, and beliefs of the country.


Faculty Congratulations Earl Smith’s (Sociology) book, Race, Sport and the American Dream, is due to appear early this spring under the imprint of Carolina Academic Press. Other forthcoming publications, in collaboration with Angela Hattery (Sociology/WGS), include African American Families (SAGE) and America’s World and the World’s America: Race, Human Rights and Inequality (Rowman & Littlefield), the latter together with Angela Hattery and David Embrick. Hattery and Smith also co-authored “The Prison Industrial Complex,” Society Today, Volume 4, No. 2, Fall 2006. Cindy Gendrich (Theatre and Dance) presented “Developing Global Citizens” at the American Theatre in Higher Education conference in Chicago on August 6, 2006. She was a guest discussion leader for a Lilly retreat group at Catawba College on ethics in John Patrick Shanley’s Doubt, on July 25, 2006. Sharon Andrews (Theatre and Dance) attended the Association of Theatre in Higher Education conference in August of 2006, where she assistant directed a staged reading of a new play by Romulus Linney, Going After Cacciato. Andrews directed, in September 2006, Cat on a Hot Tin Roof for the Little Theatre of Winston Salem. Michaelle Browers (Political Science) presented a paper, “Arabic Thought after Hourani’s Liberal Age: The First Generation Post-Independence,” at the Association for Political Theory annual meeting, Bloomington, Indiana, October, 2006. Browers also presented “Historical and Intellectual Antecedents to the Kifaya Movement” at the World Congress for Middle East Studies in Amman, Jordan, in June 2006. Her article, “The Centrality and Marginalization of Women in the Political Discourse of Arab Nationalists and Islamists,” was published in the Journal of Middle East Women’s Studies 2:2 (June 2006), pp. 8-34. Browers’ book, Democracy and Civil Society in Arab Political Thought: Transcultural Possibilities, was published by Syracuse University Press (2006). Simone Caron (History) presented a paper, “’Mothers Who Kill’: Infanticide in Providence County, 1804-1938," at the Social Science History Association in Minneapolis in November. Since the last newsletter, Sally Barbour (Romance Languages/WGS) has organized one panel and given the following conference papers: “Translation and ‘le pathétique et merveilleux problème de l’Identité’: Some examples from Gisèle Pineau’s 'Fichues raciness," at the Annual Conference of the African Literature Association, Accra, Ghana (May 2006); “History, Mystery, and Liberation, Coming of Age in an African Context,” in a panel titled “Youth, Identity, Female Sexuality, and Community: Some Examples from African films,” at the Romance Languages Film Symposium, WFU (October 2006); “Gisèle Pineau’s Espérance Macadam: Créolité au féminin,” at the PAMLA (Pacific and Ancient Modern Language Association), Riverside CA (panel organized by Women in French, November 2006). Mary DeShazer (WGS/English) participated in the international conference on “Poetry and Politics” held at the University of Stirling, Scotland, in July. Her paper was entitled “Postapartheid Literacies: South African Women’s Poetry of Franchise and Reconciliation.” Grant McAllister (German and Russian) had an article, “Romantic Imagery in Tykwer’s Lola Rennt,” published in German Studies Review 30.2 (2007). Mary M. Dalton (Communication) presented "Communicating to Locate Common Ground Beyond Cultural Imperialism" at the Carolinas Communication Association Annual Conference in Charleston, SC, on September 16, 2006, and “Cybill-When the Personal Becomes Political and the Result is Irresistible” (written with Laura R. Linder) at Console-ing Passions Conference in Madison, Wisconsin on May 26, 2006. Dalton’s film, Martha in Lattimore, was an official selection for SILVERDOCS/The AFI-Discovery Channel Documentary Film Festival for 2006. Gillian Overing’s (English) article, “Swords and Signs: Dynamic Semeiosis in Beowulf,” appearing as chapter two of Language, Sign and Gender in Beowulf (Southern Illinois University Press, 1990), was reprinted in The Postmodern Beowulf: A Critical Casebook (West Virginia University Press, 2006). Overing co-edited with Clare A. Lees A Place to Believe In: Locating Medieval Landscapes (Pennsylvania State University Press, 2006), for which she also wrote “Anglo-Saxon Horizons: Places of the Mind in the Northumbrian Landscape.” She will present a paper, “Gender under Construction: Beowulf as a Generative Model,” at the Gender and Medieval Studies conference, University of East Anglia, UK, January 2007. Wanda Balzano (WGS) published “Godot Land and Its Ghosts: The Uncanny Genre and Gender of Edna O’Brien’s ‘Sister Imelda’,” in Wild Colonial Girl: Essays on Edna O’Brien, edited by Lisa Colletta and Maureen O’Connor (Madison: The University of Wisconsin Press, 2006). She wrote the encyclopedic entries of three Italian women writers (Matilde Serao, Elsa Morante, and Dacia Maraini) for the forthcoming Compendium of International 20th-Century Novelists and Novels, edited by Michael Sollars for Facts on File Publishing. She had a review of the two volumes of The Reception of James Joyce in Europe (edited by G. Lernout and W. Van Mierlo) published in The European English Messenger, Vol. 15.2 (Autumn 2006). In June she contributed to the conference “Sfida e Passione: Dagli Studi Culturali agli Studi delle Donne,” at the University of Naples, Italy. In the fall semester she developed two new courses: the first section of WGS 101: Window on Women’s and Gender Studies (with Dr. Shannon Mihalko), and WGS 321: Gender and the Foreigner in a Transnational World. Dean Franco’s (English) book, Ethnic American Literature: Comparing Chicano, Jewish, and African American Writing, was published by the University of Virginia Press (2006). He presented “The Ghosts of Experience: Materiality and Spirituality in the Novels of Alejandro Morales, Yxta Maya Murray, and Graciela Limón” at the December 2006 MLA Convention in Philadelphia. Franco’s article, “What We Talk About When We Talk About Beloved,” was published in Modern Fiction Studies 52.2 (Special Issue on Toni Morrison). Franco was also guest editor and author of the introduction for the special issue of Philip Roth Studies on Roth and Race. This past summer he received an Archie Grant to research the Philip Roth Archives at the Library of Congress in Washington. Together with Michaelle Browers, he developed a new course, ENG 302/POL 269: Multiculturalism in Literature and Political Theory, which will be offered in the spring of 2007. Shannon Gilreath’s (Law/WGS) recently released book, Sexual Politics: The Gay Person in America Today, published by the University of Akron Press (2006), has been nominated for the American Library Association’s Stonewall Prize for Gay and Lesbian Non-fiction. His new textbook, Sexual Identity Law in Context, will be published in the spring of 2007 by West Group. He presented “Why Gay Rights Matter: A Conversation with Professor Shannon Gilreath” at UNC-Wilmington, October 24, 2006, and his article, “Of Fruit Flies and Men: Rethinking Immutability in Equal Protection Analysis: With a View Toward a Constitutional Moral Imperative”, was recently published in the Journal of Law and Social Change (2006). -3-


Native Experience: LeAnne Howe Visits WFU Nikki Settle (’06) and Jaymi Thomas (’10)

In honor of American Indian History month, Choctaw author and film-maker LeAnne Howe visited Wake Forest on November 15-16, 2006, for a two-day event organized by Professor Ulrike Wiethaus, featurNikki Settle LeAnne Howe Jaymi Thomas ing the local premiere of Howe’s PBS documentary Spiral of Fire. On Wednesday night, November 15, LeAnne Howe read from her new book, Shell Shaker, at the Museum of Anthropology. The following night the screening of her documentary, Spiral of Fire, in DeTamble Auditorium, was followed by a question and answer session. Both events were well attended by the Wake Forest community and Winston-Salem community at large. LeAnne Howe is an enrolled citizen of the Choctaw nation of Oklahoma and is also part Cherokee. Her mother was Choctaw and her father Cherokee. She was raised by her adopted Cherokee family in Oklahoma. She attended Oklahoma State University where she received a degree in English. She received her MFA in Creative Writing from Vermont College in 2000. Howe has worked for small newspapers and television news. Along the way in her life she has received many honors and awards for her works. Among them are an American Book Award for Shell Shaker, Oklahoma Book Award and Woodcraft Circle Writer of the Year, 2002. Howe was also awarded the John and Renee Grisham Writer-in-Residence Fellowship in Oxford, Mississippi. She reads her fiction and has lectured internationally in Japan, Jordan, Israel, Spain, and the United States. In the U.S. she has taught at many colleges and universities, even here at the campus of Wake Forest University. Howe’s work concentrates on the American Indian experience of life in the U.S. and the history and culture of Natives. She does a great job of allowing the reader into the world of Indian people and preserving the culture. The documentary we watched explores tourism, community and cultural preservation of the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians in North Carolina. A very pivotal documentary displaying the lives and pasts of these people, we think it is a must see for all scholars. LeAnne Howe came to our WGS 221: Introduction to Women’s and Gender Studies class and we were able, later on, to ask her a few questions: Question: What were your key motivations for creating the film Spiral of Fire and in what ways has it impacted your life? Answer: The film was produced by NAPT, and PBS. However, I had to find a way to make the journey I was on relevant to the audiences and to me. The way I did that was to engage the people on a personal level by talking about my own Cherokee family. Q: In the film, historical trauma is a major theme. How has the historical trauma of Native peoples affected your literary works? A: Removal or ethnic cleansing is a theme that runs through my work. See . . . the trail of Tears.

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WOMEN’S AND GENDER STUDIES WELCOMES NEW MINORS! Elizabeth Ebia ‘07 Elizabeth Gamino ‘09 Devin Kidner ’08 Kayla Landers ’08 Joe Lazazzero ’08 [As many know, the Trail of Tears was the path that Cherokee followed when they were forcefully removed from their lands. The direct translation is known as “The Trail where they cried” because many lives were lost on this march of 1,000 miles from the East to Oklahoma. Cherokee from North and South Carolina were removed and traveled along this trail to Oklahoma. This removal was mainly due to the need to claim gold, and was verified by saying that the Cherokee were savage, when in fact they were civilized and were enacting a representative government, had built roads and schools. This was a very dark moment in American History. Howe spoke of the effects that this period has had on the Cherokee nation, specifically, how some of the Eastbend Cherokee people were able to escape removal and remain in North Carolina in the mountains. These Cherokee are represented in her documentary Spiral of Fire.] Q: Do you believe that American Indian Studies taught at colleges and universities will be efficient in spreading knowledge across the greater United States? A: Yes, it is one way, but why aren’t people curious enough to look up the history of southeastern Indians for themselves? People must be curious about the past. If not – no amount of education will help. Q: American Indian youth often struggle to maintain their culture and identity in today’s mainstream society. Do you believe that your art works will make a positive impact in the life of Native youth? A: Perhaps. There is always the hope that I can be a part of the process. Q: Do you feel you have one great accomplishment in life that you want to achieve? A: My children and grandchildren are my accomplishments. Q: What do you want to leave this earth feeling; how do you want people to remember you? A: That I told a good story. Q: How was your experience at Wake? A: I enjoyed my time at Wake Forest a great deal. I have a lot of wonderful friends at Wake whom I will never forget. We were impressed to see the passion that LeAnne Howe holds for life and her work. We thoroughly enjoyed meeting her and were influenced by her commitment to investigate and learn more about the Indian heritage. [LeAnne Howe’s poem “Evidence of Red” appears on page 6 of this newsletter. ]

Congratulations and Best Wishes to Nikki Settle December 2006 WFU Graduate and WGS Minor


Women’s Forum Update

WGS Welcomes New Affiliated Faculty

Shannon Mihalko (Health and Exercise Science)

The semi-annual meeting of the Women’s Forum was held at the home of Dr. Susan Hutson, Professor of Biochemistry at WFU School of Medicine.

Since its revitalization three years ago, the Women’s Forum, an organization of women faculty and key administrators at Wake Forest University, has been working to: encourage collegiality across all schools of the university; create change in policies and practices at WFU; and promote and sustain a healthy and stimulating working environment in which the contributions and needs of women are fully acknowledged. The semi-annual meeting of the Women’s Forum was held Thursday, November 9, 2006 at the home of Dr. Susan Hutson, Professor of Biochemistry at WFU School of Medicine. More than 60 women faculty and key staff/ administrators from both the Reynolda and Hawthorne campuses gathered for cross-campus collegiality and to foster discussion about recruitment and retention of women and minority faculty members. Dr. Debbie Best, Dean of the College and Professor of Psychology at WFU and Dr. Mary Lou Voytko, Women’s Health Center of Excellence Director and Professor of Neurobiology & Anatomy at WFUSM, highlighted findings from the recent “Demographic Trends Report 2001-2005,” researched and published by the Women’s Forum in summer 2006. This document is available on the Women’s Forum website at http://groups.wfu.edu/womensforum. This document provides distributions of academic administrators, faculty members and students at all six schools of the University by gender, minority status, rank, tenure status and leadership responsibilities and was presented to university leaders in July, including members of the University Strategic Planning Council. Discussion at this meeting, stimulated by the report, generated many exciting ideas about specific future steps the Women’s Forum can take to create and promote a supportive community for all at Wake Forest. If you were unable to attend the event and would like to be involved, please contact Shannon Mihalko (mihalksl@wfu.edu) or Claudine Legault (clegault@wfubmc.edu).

Ashley Graham (’08) became Student Assistant for Women’s and Gender Studies in the fall of 2006. Ashley is majoring in Political Science, with a minor in WGS. She is doing a great job redesigning our website.

Dr. Catherine Harnois is Assistant Professor of Sociology. She graduated from UNCChapel Hill with a dissertation entitled Towards an Undisciplined Study of Difference, Feminism and Identity. Her areas of interest focus on Sociology of Gender, Multiracial Feminist and Queer Theory, and Social Stratification. Her publications include “Different Paths to Different Feminisms? Bridging Multiracial Feminist Theory and Quantitative Sociological Research on Gender,” in Gender and Society (2005) and “Democracy in the World Trade Organization: 1995-1999,” in Carolina Papers in Democracy and Human Rights (2004). She is currently working on a book manuscript, Re-Presenting Feminism’s Past, Present and Future. Among various other awards, in 2000 she received the Gladys Tantaquidgeon Scholarship for understanding and advancing the status of minority women. This fall semester she taught SOC 153: Contemporary Families and SOC 360: Social Inequality. Next spring she will also teach SOC 305: Gender in Society. All of these courses give credit toward the Women’s and Gender Studies minor. Dr. Shannon Mihalko received her Ph.D. from the University of Illinois at UrbanaChampaign and is an Associate Professor of Health and Exercise Science. She teaches Exercise and Health Psychology and Statistics. Dr. Mihalko’s research incorporates a psycho-social approach to understanding determinants and consequences of physical activity. Her interests include the epidemiology of physicial activity across the lifespan, with a particular emphasis on the development of effective and efficient intervention strategies to enhance functional and psychological independence among older adults. Her work has been published in books and numerous journals such as the Journal of Social Behavior and Personality, The American Journal of Medicine & Sports, The American Journal of Preventive Medicine, the Journal of Aging and Physical Activitiy, among others. At Wake Forest she was awarded the Dunn-Riley Professorship in 2003. She is the newly elected chair of the Women’s Forum’s Executive Committee on the Reynolda campus. This past semester she team taught, together with the WGS director, the first session of WGS 101: Window on Women’s and Gender Studies. Dr. Roberta Morosini is Associate Professor of Italian. She has been working on issues related to women since her Ph.D. dissertation, which was developed into a book (Per difetto rintegrare. Una lettura del Filocolo di Giovanni Boccaccio, Ravenna: Longo, 2004). This work includes a comparison of women in Boccaccio’s oeuvre and in Old French romances. She has recently published a book on Marie de France’s Fables (XII century), a translation from AngloNorman into Italian that includes a study of female characters in Marie de France’s Fables within the tradition of the fable genre. She has contributed to Italian Women and the City, a volume edited by Janet Levarie Smarr and Daria Valentini for Fairleigh Dickinson University Press (2003). Dr. Morosini is currently working on the role that Thisbe plays in Ovid’s myth of the tragic lovers Pyramus and Thisbe in XIV century Italian writers and painters. This fall semester she taught, for Women’s and Gender Studies, ITA 216: Italian Women and the City: A Topography of Memory.

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Visiting Professor (Continued from page 1) Women's Human Rights and UN conventions as well as on local and global social movements. She is currently completing a book on the airline companies' creation of the stewardess image as a sexualized servant, and she is also co-editing a special edition of the Journal of International Women's Studies on Women's Bodies, Gender Analysis, and Feminist Politics at the Fórum Social Mundial. In the spring, in addition to team teaching WGS 221: Introduction to Women's and Gender Studies and WGS 101: Window on Women's and Gender Studies, she will teach WGS 377: Teaching Feminist Activism and Creating Feminist Activists. This course will enable Wake Forest students to participate in the germinal stages of U.S. human rights work. Human rights concepts will be the primary articulation point for the first United States Social Forum in Atlanta (June 2007), and students will be able to learn how these tools fit in with their activism and their daily lives. Among other course material, the syllabus will cover human rights documents such as the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the UN Resolution 1325 on Women, Peace, and Security, the Convention Against all Forms of Racial Discrimination, and others. As Dr. Willis brings an important strength to our program, linking theory with practice, academic knowledge with social activism, the local with global communities, we are very pleased to have her here at Wake, where social justice concerns, service learning, and pro humanitate causes are the staple of our university. We thank Dean Debbie Best and Provost Bill Gordon for making this appointment possible.

Phillips Award (Continued from page 1) Professor Phillips’ excellence in teaching and scholarly research, her outstanding career, and her meaningful presence in the life of Wake Forest represent an important example for many students and faculty on our campus as well as for many WFU alumni and alumnae in the US and abroad. With this award in her name WGS intends both to celebrate her significant contributions to the intellectual life of our university and also to encourage and reward the academic study of feminism and gender issues among our students. The Elizabeth Phillips Award for the Best Essay in Women’s and Gender Studies consists of a monetary prize and a certificate that will be presented to the best undergraduate and graduate student essay written in the subject of women’s and gender studies throughout the academic year. The award committee has invited nominations for the current academic year. The first Elizabeth Phillips Award will be presented at the Honors and Awards Ceremony in the Spring of 2007 to mark fifty years since the appointment of Professor Phillips—one of the earliest female faculty members—to Wake Forest University (1957-1989).

Evidence of Red First, night opened out. Bodies took root from rotting salt and seawater into evidence of red life. Relentless waves pumped tidal air into a single heartbeat. In the pulp of shadow and space, water sucked our people from sleep. That’s how it all began. At least that’s all we can remember to tell. It began with water and heartbeat. In minutes we tunneled through corn woman’s navel into tinges of moist red men and women. Yawning, we collected our chins, knees, breasts, and sure-footed determination. A few thousand years before Moses parted the Red Sea, and the God with three heads was born in the Middle East, the Choctaw people danced our homeland infra red. Finally when the stranger’s arms reached to strangle the West, Grandmother eavesdropped on the three-faced deity who said that chaos was coming.

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LeAnne Howe Evidence of Red: Poems and Prose (Salt Publishing, 2005)

Pictured here, from left, are Michele Gillespie (History/WGS), Sally Barbour (Romance Languages/WGS), Roxanne Newton, Nikki Settle (’06), Whitney Marshall (’08), and Shannon Philmon (’07)

Though they have often been silent, North Carolina women who have been on strike have powerful stories to tell. Their voices are rarely heard in a state that has consistently maintained the lowest rate of unionism. On August 30, 2006, Roxanne Newton, Director of Humanities and Fine Arts at Mitchell Community College, spoke to an engaged audience about “The Fabric of Hope and Resistance: North Carolina Women on Strike.” The daughter and granddaughter of mill workers, Newton grew up in a small North Carolina textile town. She earned a Ph.D. in Educational Foundations and Cultural Studies, and a graduate certificate in Women’s and Gender Studies from UNC-Greensboro. Her book, Women Workers on Strike: Narratives of Southern Women Unionists, was published by Routledge in 2006. This event was made possible through a grant from the Humanities Forum of the N.C. Humanities Council.


Martin (Continued from page 1) argues that the jobs that police officers, nurses and physicians, prosecutors, defense attorneys and judges hold prompt them to treat victims as either witnesses to a crime or "illegitimate patients" rather than victims who deserve empathy and support. She also explores how gender and emotions affect relations between rape victims and these professionals. Her study shows the benefits to a community of rape crisis center involvement in both serving victims and educating the public. Martin also received the Feminist Activism Award from Sociologists for Women in Society in 2006 for her scholarship and activism over three decades regarding gender inequality and violence against women. Myra Marx Ferree had this to say: “Pat has worked on issues affecting the campus climate including the status of women on campus, equity issues within collegiate athletics, fraternity culture and binge drinking . . . . Not only has she served her campus and profession well in a variety of service contributions but her activism and dedication to feminist and humanitarian causes extends throughout and beyond the confines of academia.” Wake Forest University was awarded one of the two campus visits that are part of the Feminist Activism Award. We are pleased that Professor Martin will be on the Wake Forest University campus from Wednesday January 31 to Friday February 2, 2007. In addition to her public lecture (Thursday February 1, 2007, 4 PM, Pugh Auditorium), Professor Martin, an expert in organizational sociology, will be presenting specialized workshops for both faculty/staff and students whose office/ units/groups are regularly involved in rapes on campus. The workshop for faculty/staff will be open to those staff and faculty who work in offices such as student health, the counseling center, residence life and housing, student development, the Chaplain’s office, campus police, and the judicial officers who work with both victims and accused individuals. In addition, staff from Greek Life and Athletics will also participate. Students from Greek Life, Athletics, GSSA, WISE, PREPARE, student government, and many others will have the opportunity to attend a special workshop for groups who are concerned about gender issues, particularly creating a safe environment for women (and men) on campus. This unique opportunity to have workshops with an expert such as Patricia Yancey Martin is the result of collaboration and co-sponsorship from many groups on campus including: Sociologists for Women in Society (SWS), Women's and Gender Studies, American Ethnic Studies, Office of the Chaplain, Student Life, Athletic Department, The Greek Community, WISE, PREPARE, Office of Multicultural Affairs, and the Office of the Dean. Professor Martin’s lecture is FREE and open to the public. If you would like to attend a workshop, please contact Angela Hattery (faculty/staff) at hatterya@wfu.edu or Shannon Philmon (students) at philsm3@wfu.edu.

Post-Feminism: Feminism Lite

Mary M. Dalton (Communication)

I like to think of myself as open-minded, but the truth is that sometimes I can be downright opinionated about certain things, things I hold near and dear, things like the superiority of the term feminist and all it stands for to the trendy term, post-feminist. Now, feminist is a term I understand. I am one. I understand feminism as the theory that women and men should be socially and politically

equal. That’s pretty straightforward and, to my way of thinking, common sense. Feminists are people who work for things like pay equity, for safe and affordable childcare and eldercare, for universal access to healthcare, for parity in political processes…and those are all initiatives I appreciate. This is work that is valuable and on-going, and that’s part of the reason I take such exception to the term post-feminism, which seems to me a sort of feminism lite, L-I-T-E. I think post-feminism is a media-driven concept fueled by fashion magazines and recent sitcoms like Sex and the City. This is a movement, if one can call it that, of individuals concerned with being able to exercise their own desires at will without worrying about whether or not there will be repercussions. Post-feminism seems to be all about the individual instead of the collective. Post-feminists seem to think that just because the Lara Croft character can kick butt in a bigscreen extravaganza women have made it and there is no reason to critique masculinist narrative structures common to action films or the male domination of the Hollywood industry producing the films. Post-feminists seem to think that all of the issues that concern old school feminists don’t really affect them because they, postfeminists, have already arrived and are living large. Postfeminists are playing out the American Dream in $400 stiletto heels thinking about their right to buy what they want, when they want it, and seem to equate personal buying power with something larger and more transformative than the bourgeois preoccupation it really is. Media feeds these images, but there have been other models, feminist models that make me feel a sort of nostalgia for earlier icons. While Lara Croft swings from a chandelier in her mansion and wipes out scores of male opponents in exotic locations without smudging her luscious lipstick, all to preserve ancient artifacts coveted by the wealthy, I yearn for the days when Norma Rae risked her family and personal safety to work with labor organizers in an effort to improve conditions for all workers in a rural textile mill. The women of Sex and the City can “shop ’til they drop” and talk endlessly about the minutia of their sexual encounters in episode after entertaining episode, but I miss the days of Cybill when the title character played by Cybill Shepherd had to grapple with aging in Hollywood and trying to get parts that weren’t too demeaning, with sexual harassment, with menopause, and with a host of other relevant social issues. Of course, Cybill and her sidekick Maryann engaged in therapeutic shopping, too, but they had stronger and more meaningful connections to the larger culture. I guess it might be a mistake for me to call postfeminism feminism lite because that term makes the movement seem harmless. Really, I think post-feminism’s focus on the individual and on petty personal concerns is more dangerous than that. If younger women follow the glossy media model and abandon grassroots organizing and social activism in favor of self-gratification on demand, then the effect on movements toward social justice will be harmful. I think the stakes are too high to give up the term feminist, and until the old issues have been resolved, there is no place in my vocabulary for postfeminism. Note: This commentary originally aired on WFDD (www.wfdd.org/) on the “Voices and Viewpoints” program.

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Walking the Walk: Students Share Their Thoughts on the March Against Hate The March Against Hate took place on the evening of October 4. The event was well attended, with marchers walking silently from Wait Chapel to Manchester Plaza, each holding a candle and reflecting upon the incidents of the past two weeks in which gay, lesbian, bisexual and transgender students had been victims of hate and discrimination. The following are excerpts from papers written by students in WGS 221: Introduction to Women’s and Gender Studies and WGS 101: Window on Women’s and Gender Studies. We thank Chris Mellinger for permission to use these photographs. “On the 4th of October, 2006, I attended an event that was desperately needed at Wake Forest to address the recent violence on campus against homosexuals. Yet, the March Against Hate was not just against discrimination toward the gay and lesbian community, but rather it was against all forms of hate. Students, faculty, administration, and other individuals marched from Wait Chapel to the Magnolia Quad to protest hate against homosexuals, African Americans and other minorities, women, and various other groups that are objects of discrimination. This event was more influential and meaningful than other “speak-outs” or discussions condemning all forms of hate because it not only related to my home of Wake Forest, but it had a sense of urgency attached to the event. This was not an ideological discussion, but rather it was addressing a current issue that will not go away unless this community makes a change. Students from organizations including the GSSA, ASIA, Panhellenic Council, various fraternities and sororities, and several religious organizations represented their groups in support of protesting hate on campus and in society. The audience was as heterogeneous a group of individuals as I have ever seen on campus, not only in race, but in age, ethnicity, and sex as well. This was a positive sign that the group of attendees is ready to join together and use our differences as a strength to combat discrimination.” Caroline Kirwin (’08) “In my opinion, the most powerful speaker was the PFLAG mother. I had been thinking about these events from the perspective of a friend or peer and had forgotten the response of the family. This mother spoke with such emotion that it snapped me out of my Wake bubble of all 20-year old students and helped me put the victims and the attacks in a much larger perspective.” Betsy Rives (’07)

“Overall, I thought this was a great way to bring people together, and to realize that there are many people who are dissatisfied with the way hatred is dealt with on our campus. One reason that I wanted to attend the march is because recently my friend George from home decided to come out and tell his friends and family that he is gay. He explained to me that ever since he came out, people have been treating him differently, and he has heard many hurtful rumors that have been started by his former friends. When he is in public, people will point at him and whisper, and he knows that it will be a long time until he can bring his boyfriend out in public with him. This is evidence that it is not only Wake Forest that needs to address intolerance, but society as a whole. People like George should not be judged by their sexual orientation—he should be accepted for who he is as a person. After seeing how this has affected George, I feel like I need to take a stand. Although this was only a small step, at least I was able to make others aware that I support the GLBT community at Wake.” Morgan Mueller (’08)

“A fairly new story, but one that I think links well with this show of support, is that of the Amish community where six girls were shot in a schoolhouse. Instead of trying to get revenge on the man and his family, the Amish created a trust fund for the family and brought food to them. In the same way, this community has not gone around saying if you hate gays, then you are going to hell, or trying to scare people into confessing they did it, for how well would that work anyway, but instead to promote that sense of solidarity, of a group surrounding the gay, lesbian, bisexual, transgender community in love and with the hope that those who were responsible for the incidents will see that that kind of behavior is not accepted on this campus. Instead, it will be met with love, listening, and questions.” Lily Cottrell (’09) “One of the speakers truly moved me. She started her speech with a quote “Change must not come from me or “After taking the walk that was from Virginia Woolf, and she said that members of the administration alone. supported by people of various ‘Gentleness is active.’ I could not get You must take action and make a dif- backgrounds, testimonials were that phrase out of my head. ference—teach tolerance to those given. I was pleased that all types ‘Gentleness is active.’ I realized the around you and serve as a good role of hate were mentioned, not just truth in these words. People always see model in order to gain momentum. those that the GLBT may face. It gentleness as something passive, but Apathy in my view is clearly as dan- was coupled with all hate, such as as the speaker pointed out, it is somegerous as hate itself. How are we racial, or sexism, etc. I was thrilled thing tht we must actively do. Gentleserving others by ignoring their call that this was done as it speaks to a ness takes effort and thought. I think for support in our own hallways and uniting of all those who are victims the more people realize this, the more classrooms? If you witness someone to come together and fight so that There they will consciously work towards speaking out against another, will you things can be changed. gentleness. I have actually written that stand up for him/her or turn your needs to be a joining of forces phrase on my desk, because it is someback? If you think that it’s someone from all to make a change in the thing that I want to try to live each day. else’s responsibility to change, who standard norm. People came together across gender, sexual prefGentleness does not have to be weak then will accept the task for us all?” erence, age, disability, etc., to either. Gentleness can be strong, and Shannon Philmon (’07) WGS Minor speak against hatred as a whole.” it is meaningful and essential to lasting and Student Government Nikki Settle (’06) WGS Minor -8change.” Allie Levison (’09) President


WGS 101 (Continued from page 1) charged program, one that is more connected to a “conscious-raising” movement than an academic field. This class [WGS 101: Window on Women’s and Gender Studies] initially sparked my attention after I registered for classes in the spring. Having a full-time job, I was not able to take classes that required me to be in the classroom for hours each week, as I was needed in regular meetings and appearances. This course seemed perfect. It was a way for me to use the foundation I acquired from the classroom— strengthening my knowledge of social justice, activism, and the theoretical framework on which women’s and gender studies are based. Attending events on campus was intended to expand and strengthen my understanding of women’s issues and society at large through the feminist lens of the various events. Oh, did it ever accomplish this indeed. I tried my best to attend events that addressed a wide array of topics and issues. Some of these topics included work, motherhood, marriage, science, separation of church and state, power, ethnicity, and social class struggles. It is imperative that this class maintain this arrangement of events that cover a wide range of topics so that women’s and gender studies concepts can be seen from these different perspectives. I think perhaps one of the most important things I recognized during this course was how essential it is for feminist thinkers and activists to not only care about women’s issues, but to care how we as feminists or pro-feminists can help other marginalized and oppressed groups. We, of course, have many hurdles in our path. However, it is time for us not only to worry about our own well-being but also issues like colonialism, violence, homophobia, and racism. These issues, extremely politically charged, are not always talked about in the classroom. It sometimes takes events like Leonard Pitts’ speech at Convocation, Professor Shannon Gilreath’s talk on sexuality and the law, and Dr. Alton Pollard’s lecture on spirituality and women’s issues for us all to compare and understand the need for increased empathy and support. This course has also taught me a great deal about the importance of putting theory into practice. It’s much easier to shape reality with your knowledge if you’re able to talk about concepts and conditions that can be easily addressed now. Such topics that were explored through the recent organized events included abortion and unwanted pregnancies, “glass ceilings” and wage discrimination, feminization of poverty, and alignment with other important movements. It’s one thing to consistently keep feminist issues in your daily discourse and “tool kit.” It’s quite another to observe and promote change on one’s campus and in one’s community. As my peers debate with me about the questionable existence of a Third Wave in feminism, I craft my own response to their skepticism. I propose it does exist, just in a very different approach and form. Feminists today are making feminism a very individualistic movement. Their politics and their activism are not as collective in nature, but call me an optimist, I think the desire for change is still there. A course like WGS 101 allows young feminists or perspective feminists the ability to individually select the issues and events they are most interested in learning about. After attending, they can use that lecture or performance as a part of their “tool kit” for understanding feminism and dismantling all forms of patriarchy and oppression. The events I attended challenged me to think in a new way and increased my awareness of the world around me. They had an emotional and intellectual effect on the way I “do” feminism and increased my self-esteem as a person

who uses the “f-word” to describe herself. I am grateful for the opportunity to take this independent study course and even more grateful for the impact that it had on me and other students. WGS 101: Window on Women’s and Gender Studies is a new course (1 hour) that was first offered in the fall of 2006. It gives students an opportunity to experience and reflect analytically in writing on the diverse cultural and intellectual life of Wake Forest, with an emphasis on WGS events and topics.

Dr. Jean E. Taylor

Professor Emerita at Rutgers University and a Visitor at the Courant Institute, NYU lectured at WFU on “Women and Mathematics” September 13, 2006

“I am 61 now, and I think those womyn of my generation who have been fortunate enough to have been an adult through the 1970’s and were able to take an active part in the Women’s Liberation Movement, have not only had our lives enriched immeasurably but the feminist revolution undoubtedly saved us.”

While in graduate school at Princeton, Jean Taylor solved a one hundred year-old open problem using the new tool of geometric measure theory. She has continued to make important contributions and earn honors throughout her academic career.

Digital Art by Betsy Rives (’07)

Ring 1

Ring 2

Ring 3

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WISE Hosts Love Your Body Day Event “On Wednesday night, November 8, 2006, the Women’s Initiative for Support and Empowerment (WISE) hosted its annual Love Your Body Day event. In the past, the event focused mainly on the portrayal of women in the media and its effect on women’s body image and subsequent problems with eating disorders. While this year’s event touched on these issues, it also went in a new direction. WISE decided to also incorporate information and discussion on women’s general, sexual, and reproductive health. Speakers included Dr. Angela Hattery, from the Department of Sociology and the WGS program, and health professional and midwife Jill Rader Sergison (’99). The celebration drew on the feminist belief that access and knowledge are indispensable tools to maintain women’s health. Because we know the history of feminism, including the struggle to claim a woman’s right to decide whether or not to have children, the availability of pre-abortion measures like Plan B should be all the more important. Also, as feminists, we must take it upon ourselves to ensure that options such as this one are available to all women, especially those who are poor or live in rural areas.” Megan Robinson (’07), WISE Chairperson “The thing that struck me the most was what Dr. Hat“I was very nervous as I made my way to this event. I tery noted about women’s clothing—that many women thought it was going to be a very scientific approach to ultimately desire to be a size 0…to take up no space. women’s bodies and health, which is a little foreign to me. In order to achieve this “size 0 ideal” that society has I was surprised to find that it was more of a Q&A forum deemed beautiful for women, many women develop than a lecture. What caught my attention most was how eating disorders. Eating disorders are not only harmful much of what we talked about was new to me and some of to the body but also have a very negative impact on the people I went with. The different forms of abortion, academic performance… So many college-age women different shots women can get, and different morning-after have developed eating disorders. It is ironic that after contraceptive options were loaded with new information we, as women, have finally secured a place where we that I, as an educated person, had either never heard of or are in line to succeed, we actually hinder ourselves by wasn’t really sure of what they were. It struck me as crazy being caught up in society’s perceptions of what we that a room full of well educated, 18-22 year-olds would should do with our bodies.” Staver Kaufman (’08) not be well versed in all of the options available to them. “Education” is what I took out of this event. So many dis“Although I was familiar with all of the topics covered in eases, unwanted pregnancies, and deadly attempts at this event, there were many points made that helped me abortions could be avoided if people were simply given the to reconsider certain issues in another light. For examinformation. We live in an advanced world with many opple, I was well aware of the dangerous implications of tions, but we need to start making them known and availeating disorders, but Dr. Hattery also explained that able to everyone.” Michael Kozimor (’08) they disadvantage us as women in that they demean our “I believe it is important for men to understand the concerns and issues of the opposite sex. Since mostly all men in our world deal with an important woman in their life, whether it is a wife, mother, sister, or daughter, it is important for a man to understand a woman’s condition, and it is easier done when it is explained by professionals. When explained upfront in this fashion, there are fewer mixed messages. Instead, the professional can tell it like it is, even if an issue is embarrassing to a woman, without self-consciousness.” Brett Linnenkohl (’08)

Faculty Colloquium with Dr. Dean Franco

Dean Franco

On November 30, in the Ammons Lounge, Dean Franco (English) presented his current research at the fall semester's final faculty colloquium. His talk, "Portnoy's Complaint: It's about Race, not Sex (Even the Sex is about Race)," which was co-sponsored by the English Department and the Women's and Gender Studies Program, was followed by a wine and cheese reception.

Dean Franco (left) and Omaar Hena (Visiting Professor, English )

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ability to compete. We are trapped into believing that our value is lowered unless we look a certain way. Thus, we hold ourselves back from gaining access to political, economic, and social power. Our need to take up as little ‘space’ as possible translates into a loss of power.” Aparna Bansal (’07), WGS Minor

The Women’s Fund: Another Way to Give Laura Bullins (’07)

On November 15, 2006, the Women’s Fund of WinstonSalem held its first community event—a luncheon at the Benton Convention Center in downtown WinstonSalem—to celebrate its first year in existence. As a WGS minor who had recently started a non-profit organization, I was excited about attending this event. The keynote speaker, Tracy Gary, is a member of the Pillsbury family. She talked about the importance of women having their voices heard and taking an active role in community change. The Women’s Fund, which is part of the WinstonSalem Foundation, allows women in our community the opportunity to fund local causes and organizations that are important to them. As part of their commitment to making philanthropy possible for the average person, not just people with great financial resources, women may make individual donations as small as $1,200 or group donations of $1,200 by as many as 12 individual donors. They even offer some scholarship memberships so that women who cannot afford donations can still have input on how the money is used. The goal is not only to raise money for local causes, but also to encourage leadership and discussion among the women of the community. For more information on the Women’s Fund, go to http://www.wsfoundation.org/womensfund


WGS and Crosslisted Courses Spring 2007 Women’s and Gender Studies (WGS) provides an opportunity for study and dialogue on a broad range of topics related not only to feminist contributions to the fundamental fields of human knowledge and achievement, but also to interdisciplinary studies of feminisms, masculinity, sex, gender and sexuality. The interdisciplinary minor in WGS must include WGS 221 and WGS 321, and a minimum of 12 additional hours, for a total of 18 hours. If courses not designated WGS are taken, they must be from an approved list on file with the director. Students may count no more than 6 hours from their major(s) toward the minor. A student intending to minor in WGS is encouraged to take WGS 221 in the first or sophomore year, 2-3 courses in the sophomore and junior years, and complete the remaining hours, including the capstone research seminar, WGS 321, in the senior year. WGS 101

Window on Women’s and Gender Studies (Balzano/Willis) Class meets twice. P/F only

WGS 221

Introduction to Women’s and Gender Studies (Balzano/Willis) (CD) Additional 1.5 hr. may be taken as LAC (Italian)

WGS 321A/621AG

Research Seminar: Women’s Health Issues (Naughton) Jr./Sr./Grad. only

WGS 321B/621BG

Research Seminar: Gay and Lesbian Literature, Film, and Culture (DeShazer/Ljungquist) Also offered as COM 370E. Counts toward HMN Minor and FLM Minor

WGS 321C

Research Seminar: Daughters of the South (Gillespie) Same as HST 311AB

WGS 359

Fathers and Daughters (Nielsen) Jr. and Sr. only

WGS 377A

Sp. Tp.: Studies in Women and Literature (Boyle) Same as ENG 340A

WGS 377B

Sp. Tp.: Social Stratification and Social Inequality (Hattery) (CD) Same as SOC 360

WGS 377C

Sp. Tp.: Feminist and Contemporary Interpretations of New Testament (Foskett) Same as REL 318

WGS 377D

Sp. Tp.: Teaching Feminist Activism and Creating Feminist Activists (Willis) Offered for SOC credit

WGS 396/696

Independent Study

WGS 397A

Internships: Non-PREPARE (Nielsen) P/F only. Jr. and Sr. only.

WGS 397B

Internships: PREPARE (Cameron) P/F only

WGS 100A-H

RAD: Rape and Aggression Defense for Women (Gerardy) P/F only

For more about any of these courses—description/day/time/location/—visit our website: www.wfu.edu/academics/wgs [The following courses may be taken for credit towards the WGS minor] COM 341

American Rhetorical Movements Since 1900 (Zulick)

COM 370A

Sp. Tp.: Culture and the Sitcom (Dalton)

COM 370E

Sp. Tp.: Gay and Lesbian Literature, Film, and Culture (DeShazer/Ljungquist) Also offered as WGS 321B/621BG

ENG 302A

Multiculturalism in Literature and Political Theory (Franco/Browers) Same as POL 269B

ENG 340A

Studies in Women and Literature (Boyle) Same as WGS 377A

HST 311AB

Sp. Tp.: Daughters of the South (Gillespie) Same as WGS 321C

POL 269B

Multiculturalism in Literature and Political Theory (Franco/Browers) Same as ENG 302A

PSY 265

Human Sexuality (Batten) P-PSY 151

PSY 270VB

Seminar: Prejudice and Stereotyping (Boseovski) P-PSY 151

REL 318

Feminist and Contemporary Interpretations of New Testament (Foskett) Same as WGS 377

REL 340/640G

Men’s Studies and Religion (Boyd)

SOC 153A

Contemporary Families (Harnois)

SOC 153B

Contemporary Families (Harnois)

SOC 305

Gender in Society (Harnois)

SOC 347

Society, Culture, and Sport (Smith)

SOC 359

Race and Ethnic Relations (Wahl)

SOC 360

Social Stratification and Social Inequality (Hattery)

THE 392

Sp. Tp. In Dramatic Literature: Women Playwrights (Curry)

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News from and about our Minors Kristi Harshman (’07) is a member of the 2006 ACC Champion Field Hockey team—Go Lady Deacs!! and a member of Athletes in Action. She has made the Dean’s List every semester while at Wake. In addition, for eight weeks each semester, Kristi tutors one hour each week through CHAMPS at Mt. Zion Church.

Laura Bullins (’07) started a non-profit organization this past summer called “Woman to Woman, Hand in Hand,” providing free birth support to lowincome pregnant women. The volunteers are all doulas—non-medical birth attendants trained to support women emotionally, physically, and through education and advocacy. In its first months of operation, the 18 volunteers have supported 13 women. For more information about Woman to Woman, Hand in Hand, or to find out how you may assist this organization, contact Laura at bullle3@wfu.edu. Elizabeth Ebia (’07) has been a Resident Adviser since August 2005 and a basketball coach (13 year-old boys) at Winston Lake YMCA for the last two seasons. Ebia was just notified that she was successful in her application for a mentorship position in the Leadership, Excellence, Application and Development (LEAD) program at Wake for spring 2007. Elizabeth was the January 2006 grand prize winner ($1,000) for her poem, “Abuela,” published in the Poetry.Com anthology. Karissa Flynn (’07) is a member of College Democrats, Gay-Straight Student Alliance (GSSA), and Gamma Rho Chi sorority (disaffiliated for the semester to be a recruitment counselor). She serves on the Trible Lecture Series Executive Committee. Karissa is a member of Omicron Delta Kappa National Leadership Honor Society, Pi Sigma Alpha Political Science Honor Society, and Golden Key International Honor Society. She is a member of the University Orchestra, String Quartet, Piano Quintet, and a 2006 Concerto Competition winner. She also finds time to volunteer with the Human Rights Campaign.

Tory Tevis (’07) is Vice President of Philanthropy for Pi Beta Phi, chaired a Project Pumpkin Committee this past October, participated in the City of Joy trip to India, did an internship with the United Way of Forsyth County, and is a Wake-n-Shake Moraler. Tory is a member of Phi Alpha Kappa. After graduation, she plans to spend two years volunteering abroad with the Brethren Volunteer Service.

Become a Friend of Women’s and Gender Studies Your contribution to WGS will help us strengthen the important work in which Women’s and Gender Studies is involved. We would be very grateful for any contributions you might make, so that the program can build on its considerable teaching and research strengths and maintain its academic excellence and community programming. To make a tax-deductible contribution, go to http:// www.wfu.edu/alumni/giving, then select “Make A Gift Online”; complete the form; in Section 3 select “other” and, in the comments field, enter Women’s and Gender Studies. If you prefer to mail your gift, our address is: Women’s and Gender Studies, Wake Forest University, PO Box 7365, Winston-Salem, NC 27109.

News and Notes is published twice a year to report on Women’s and Gender Studies developments, including the next semester's course offerings, WGS student, alumnae/i and faculty activities, and short feature news articles. We welcome comments, suggestions, and address changes from all our readers. We particularly value our alumnae/i and encourage you to send news and/or articles. Please send your information to wgs@wfu.edu.

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2006 Fall Newsletter