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effectively. Make public the findings and recommendations of commissions of inquiry and implement the recommendations. The National Human Rights Commission of Thailand should play a far more active role in investigating cases of enforced disappearances throughout Thailand. To achieve this, the NHRC should establish permanent field offices in each region of Thailand, with satellite offices in areas experiencing disproportionately high numbers of human rights violations such as in Tak province, Chiang Mai province, and the three southernmost provinces of Thailand, Pattani, Yala and Narathiwat. The NHRC should play a more active role in pressuring the government to investigate and prosecute cases of enforced disappearances. Establish a national reparations commission for human rights violations that is mandated to provide reparations for material and moral damage suffered and prompt, fair and adequate compensation to victims. This commission should also be empowered to establish public memorials in cases of human rights violations. It should also have the power to recommend the Government to publically recognize the harm suffered as a result of the human rights violations. Until a national reparations commission is established, relatives of the enforcedly disappeared throughout Thailand should be equally provided with financial compensation, education and employment support, medical and psychological support. Such reparations programmes should be designed in such a way as to recognize the particular hardships women face when their husband is enforcedly disappeared. 5.5 Specific cases and patterns

In all cases of enforced disappearances there should be: (i) a prompt, thorough and independent investigation and prosecution of the accused; (ii) an establishment of the truth; and (iii) provision of reparations to the victim(s). The recommendations below regarding specific cases, do not diminish the obligation the Thai Government has to provide justice, truth and reparations in all cases of enforced disappearances. Responding to insurgency in southern Thailand

The Government should review its policies in response to the insurgency in southern Thailand that are contributing to the practice of enforced disappearances, specifically:  Detention provisions in the Martial Law, Emergency Decree, Internal Security Act and Criminal Procedure Code should be brought in line with international human rights standards.  The use of blacklists based on limited investigations should be discontinued.  The practice of ‚invitations‛ for suspects that lack judicial safeguards should be discontinued.  Use of arrest warrants during arrest should be the norm.  The militarization of society through the strengthening of civilian defence forces should be reviewed and limited. Payment of compensation in the cases of enforced disappearances, as recommended by the Committee for Compensation of People Affected by Unrest in the Southern Border Provinces, should be

Enforced Disappearances in Thailand  
Enforced Disappearances in Thailand  

Enforced Disappearances in Thailand

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