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The current situation in Cyprus EDON – Cyprus

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The international anti-imperialist struggle JCP – Portugal

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Between peace and war: a continent in dispute JUCO – Colombia

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The Current Policy of the National Reunification of Korea KKYL – DPRK

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Education in the time of war SCYU KBY - Syria

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Pressure groups used as imperialist regime change agents SPYL - Namibia

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National Question in Sri Lanka SSU – Sri Lanka

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Brazil back to the past? What’s behind Bolsonaro phenomenon? UJS - Brazil

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Western Sahara: Full independence is the only solution to the last case of decolonization in Africa UJSARIO – Western Sahara

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Youth Communists and Social Transformation YFN - Nepal

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State of the country and the party ZANU PF YL – Zimbabwe

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INTRODUCTION In each magazine of WFDY several organisations from every region get the opportunity to share their thoughts, their opinions and analysis with the international antiimperialist movement. They speak about the current situation in countries and regions or commonly about the matters regarding anti-imperialism. As the WFDY HQ, it is our hope that this publish, as always give more knowledge, experience and strength. In this issue you will be able to enhance your understanding on the current situation in Cyprus through the article by the EDON of Cyprus. From the comrades of KKYL of DPRK, you can read about the long-lasting hope of for the national reunification of Korea and SSU of Sri Lanka will address you about the National Question in Sri Lanka. JUCO-Colombia is briefing us for the situation in Latin America and UJS – Brazil about the current political situation in their country. Simultaneously, comrades from ZANU PF YL of Zimbabwe will be briefing you about the state of Zimbabwe and ZANU PF. In this magazine our comrades from UJSARIO of Western Sahara are speaking about the full independence and sovereignty they are striving to achieve while our comrades from SCYU KB – Syria share with us their experience about education during the war. In addition, SPYL – Namibia is sharing some information of how imperialism is seeking for tools in local level, creating new threats for the future of the country. At last, you JCP – Portugal, are expressing their visions about the international anti-imperialist struggle, and YFN -Nepal is sharing experience concerning the social transformation and the responsibility of the youth communists in it. Long-live internationalism! Long live the antiimperialist struggle!

The HQ of WFDY


The current situation in Cyprus Cyprus Problem Months go by and on the horizon, there is no progress in resuming the talks to resolve the Cyprus problem. And not only is no progress being shown, but President Anastasiades proves every day that he is trying to wipe out every chance of liberation and reunification of our homeland. The regression that has been shown lately is not explained otherwise. From the hopes that were created in June 2017 in Krans Montana, we are gradually driven to complete stagnation. President Anastasiades not only diligently avoids the continuation of the negotiations on the basis of the Guterres framework but also finds ways to set us back in the whole process. Lastly, he has decided to directly blame the United Nations General Secretariat for losing a so-called solemn document of 4 July 2017, in Krans Montana. Only the only document that has been around this time was that of June 30th. Such moves on our side consolidate the accomplishments of the occupation and reinforce the idea of partition. That is why if the rulers do not want the destruction of our homeland, it is time put aside all their dangerous acrobatics and work consistently for the continuation of negotiations.

The “development” of passports The government on the front of the economy continues to defend and implement neo-liberal policies with a single purpose: to enrich the few at the expense of the many. This also results from the sale of passports without substantial control, a process by which a handful of developers and law firms, including people belonging to the family of the President of the Republic himself, are enriching themselves. At the same time in Limassol the development of multi-storey buildings for the sale of passports has proven to contribute to the general increase on the price of rents in the city. The poor get sacrificed at the altar of an unprecedented artificial development to make the rich richer.

A beam of hope are the mobilizations of the high school and university students Within this flood of unpopular government policies, the recent mobilization of PSEM (Pancyprian high school students Coordinating Council) and POFEN (Pancyprian Federation of University student Unions) is an example to be imitated. The youth of the country proved to be uncompromising with the anti-youth policies that are being pursued. The presence of thousands of high school students and university students in the mobilization outside the Ministry of Education was a resounding slap against the application of semester examinations as well as the decrease of the budget of the student’s welfare and the high cost of study. Surely the latest mobilization is by no means the end of the road but only with a fighting spirit we can hope for better days for our youth and our people in the general.

Strengthening of PROODEFTIKI Student Movement in student elections During these days elections are held for the student councils of all Student Unions of POFEN in Cyprus, Greece and abroad. Proodeftiki SM goes once again in the elections with positions to defend student achievements, but also to claim the study and the life that we deserve. Proodeftiki SM is the only party that has consistently and vigorously in recent years resisted the anti-student policies promoted by the government. It has proved to be the only choice of the students in their attempt to start and complete their studies with dignity. It is also the primary pole of democracy against the neo-fascism and intolerance being cultivated in the student’s unions by the students’ factions of ELAM (Nationalist Party) and EFAEFP (Association of nationalist student organisations). United Democratic Youth Organization – EDON Cyprus

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The beginning of WFDY occurs when the Second World War still hung over the world, which claimed the lives of millions of young people. Following the victory over Nazi-fascism, imperialism did not conform to a world order enshrined in the Charter of the United Nations, with the principles of peaceful resolution of international conflicts, non-interference, self-determination, general and simultaneous disarmament and denuclearization. On the contrary, imperialism continued to seed wars, aggressions, interference, colonialism and neo-colonialism, attacks on the rights of youth. That is why WFDY has strengthened itself as an international space of unity for all young people fighting for peace, for the rights of youth, for the right to self-determination and for sovereignty. The anti-imperialist unity is the cement of WFDY, because it allows to join together organizations with many differences between them, but that have in common the fight against imperialism and against each one of its expressions in the different countries. Even in an international context more favorable to the forces of progress and peace than the one that exists today, WFDY has always chosen to maintain these characteristics of unity, without being subdivided into political-ideological blocs or closed regional blocs. In a context in which imperialism has more force than ever before, in which reactionary forces increase their strength, the construction of this unity is even more necessary and demanding. At the next Assembly of WFDY, the role of our Federation in international affairs and regarding the youth of each country will again be discussed. In an international context in which the reactionary forces increase their expression among the youth and seek to impose their program of regression of rights, militarism, neo-colonialism, war and hegemonic domination of imperialism, the challenge of WFDY is to expand and reinforce the unity. To meet this challenge, it is necessary to value what unites the different organizations (the struggle for peace, solidarity, youth rights, against imperialism) and not to explore the natural differences between organizations. Another challenge is to bring WFDY closer to the youth. To do this, we need to be able to combine each of the struggles of young people - public and free education, work with rights, against unemployment, the right to housing, democratic freedoms and rights, safeguarding the environment, the right to culture and sports, etc. - to the more general struggle against imperialism. To meet this challenge, the Assembly needs to be a reflection of those struggles, those aspirations, and needs to determine lines of action for the future, rather than summarizing the discussion of ideological definitions in a text or a future composition of the General Council. It is necessary for WFDY to continue to strengthen its activity, with more Solidarity brigades with the oppressed peoples and youth, to strengthen the activity in each country, in each region, to strengthen its international prestige, to strengthen and guarantee the success of the WFYS. WFDY has strengthened its prestige and this must be continued with a leadership capable of building unity in the Federation. We value the role of the leadership of WFDY over these years, which ensured the character of the Federation, with unity in action between organizations, combating the difficulties and natural differences that exist between organizations. What is required in the future is the continuity of this work with a view to increasing unity in the action of WFDY, increasing its prestige within the youth and enforcing its role and its characteristics that have been trademarks since its inception.

Communist Youth of Portugal - JCP Portugal

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200 years after independence, we are witness of the tragic history of the conditions of our continent, despite the life offered by Jose Marti, Simón Bolívar, San Martín, Policarpa Salavarrieta, as well as free men and women; our people are still struggling to be the owners of their own destiny. Bolivar warned Campbell that the United States seems destined by Providence to plague America with miseries in the name of Liberty. We are witnessing one of the toughest offensives on the part of the North American empire, in search of a way out of the world crisis and the economic slowdown where the response is to generate new conflicts, mainly in the neighborhood (Latin America), as a geostrategic recipe to open new scenarios and not to lose the commercial, energetic, weapons and political dispute. That is to say, that the strategy of heating the atmosphere in the continent has foreseen to overcome the economic contraction, for which the Colombian government serves as a continental war platform, and in synchrony with the interests of the big energy corporations of the world, they see in Venezuela, the possibility of opening new markets taking control of 20% of the world’s proven oil reserves, as well as gas, coltan, gold, etc. The Colombian government, strategic ally of Washington, has arranged the territory to facilitate the presence of 13 North American military bases, but also control of more than 30 points and military training centers in the country. The local bourgeoisie has viewed war as a fundamental driver of the economy, linked to territorial control and the impoverishment of the living conditions of the Colombian people. In this idea, the Peace Agreement between the Colombian State and the FARC - EP on November 24, 2016, faces the breach of the agreement, which consists in not respecting the implementation of the original text, the times, and dismembering the mechanism of Transitional justice that contemplates the mechanisms and conditions to provide access to truth, justice and reparation to the more than 10 million victims of the armed conflict. The failure to implement the peace agreements, not only due to a problem of lack of political will on the part of the government, is part of a strategy that is anchored to the interests of certain corporations, landowners and large landowners who are enriched with war. The failure of the negotiating table with the ELN, the systematic practice of murder totaling 566 people after the signing of the agreement, and 180 murders in less than 7 months of the government of Ivan Duque and left-wing social and political leaders , are evidence of the development of a genocidal policy that is perfectly embedded in North American politics. Understanding that the monster of seven leagues does not rest, we remember the spirit with which Bolívar wrote on January 30, 1819, in Venezuela, before the Angostura congress and the liberation campaign of the battle of Boyacá waged in Colombia, when he said: “Venezuela is willing to bury itself in the middle of its ruins, if Spain, Europe, and the world insist on stooping it under the Spanish yoke”. With this we want to point out our anti-imperialist and anticolonial disposition, as it was 200 years ago, is still in force, we call for redoubled efforts and international initiatives, to avoid at all costs a continental war and North American interference in Venezuela. As young Colombians we offer to the most noble interests of humanity: peace, solidarity and a dignified life, our experience and the initiative of the Third International Youth Brigade for Peace of Colombia, to be held on July 19-21, 2019 , and the 2nd Juvenile March of the Bicentennial, as meeting spaces for the FMJD and youth organizations to deepen and the continental struggle for the emancipation of our people. Colombian Communist Youth – JUCO Colombia

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“Let us usher in a heyday of peace, prosperity and reunification of the Korean peninsula by thoroughly implementing the historic north¬south declarations!”. This is the slogan which all the Korean nationals should hold high in the struggle for the peaceful national reunification this year. It is our steadfast will to eradicate military hostility between north and south and make the Korean peninsula a durable and lasting peace zone. North and south, as they agreed, should take practical measures proactively to remove military hostility on the whole of the Korean peninsula, including the ground, airspace and sea, as a follow-up to its ending in the areas of confrontation. Given that north and south committed themselves to advancing along the road of peace and prosperity, we maintain that the joint military exercises with foreign forces, which constitute the source of aggravating the situation on the Korean peninsula, should no longer be permitted and the introduction of war equipment including strategic assets from outside should completely be suspended. It is also needed to actively promote multi­party negotiations for replacing the current ceasefire on the Korean peninsula with a peace mechanism in close contact with the signatories to the armistice agreement so as to lay a lasting and substantial peace­keeping foundation. All the fellow countrymen should unite as one, being conscious that the master of peace on the peninsula is our nation, in order to wage a powerful struggle to check and frustrate all the moves that wreck peace and incite military tension on this land. Inter­Korean cooperation and exchanges should be expanded and developed in an all-round way so that national reconciliation and unity can be consolidated and all the fellow countrymen can practically benefit from improved north­south relations. For the present, we are willing to resume the Kaesong Industrial Park and Mt Kumgang tourism without any precondition and in return for nothing, in consideration of the hard conditions of businesspersons of the south side who had advanced into the Kaesong Industrial Park and the desire of southern compatriots who are eager to visit the nation’s celebrated mountain. When north and south join hands firmly and rely on the united strength of the fellow countrymen, no external sanctions and pressure, challenges and trials will be able to hinder us in our efforts to open a broad avenue to national prosperity. We will never tolerate the interference and intervention of outside forces who stand in the way of national reconciliation, unity and reunification with the design to subordinate inter­Korean relations to their tastes and interests. North and south should not pass up the favourable atmosphere of today when all the nationals’ interest in and aspiration for reunification are growing unprecedentedly, but actively try to find a peaceful reunification plan based on nationwide agreement and direct sincere efforts to this end. All the fellow countrymen in north, south and abroad should further accelerate in high spirits the nationwide advance for implementing the northsouth declarations, and thus glorify this year as a historic one when another radical change is brought about in the development of inter­Korean relations and implementation of the cause of national reunification. The historic, first ever DPRK­US summit meeting and talks last year brought about a dramatic turn and made a great contribution to ensuring peace and security of the Korean peninsula and the region. According to the June 12 DPRK­US Joint Statement adopted in the summit meeting, we declared at home and abroad that we would neither make and test nuclear weapons any longer nor use and proliferate them, and we have taken various practical measures. The stabilized situation on the Korean peninsula and in the region is never something that has been created with ease, and the countries that are truly desirous of peace have the common responsibility for setting great store by the current situation. The neighboring countries and international community have to support our sincere stand and efforts for promoting the positive development of the situation on the Korean peninsula and fight against all practices and challenges that wreck peace and run counter to justice. Our Party and the government of our Republic will continue to bolster up unity and cooperation with the socialist countries and develop relations with all countries that are friendly to us under the ideals of independence, peace and friendship. Kimilsungist- Kimjongilist Youth League - KKYL DPRK

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Education is a fundamental human right for all children and youth. It provides children with the knowledge, skills and attitudes needed to build their own future and provides the opportunity for them to develop the voice through which other rights can be claimed and protected. As the imperialist war on Syria enters its 8th year, the pain endured by the innocent children and youth grows leaving deep scars that are likely to disfigure their generation for years to come. Since the beginning of the war on Syria, over half of the Syrian population has been displaced. One in four schools has been damaged, destroyed or are being used as temporary shelters, leaving an estimated 4.8 million children and youth in Syria out of school. In 2017, around one in three school-age Syrian children were out of school. Barriers to access and effective learning are complex and include beyond the education sector, a wide range of protection and socio-economic issues that contribute to negative coping mechanisms, such as child marriage, recruitment by extremist armed forces, and child labor. Displacement often has a damaging and long-lasting impact on children and youth. In this regard, Syria is no exception. Before the war, an estimated 97 per cent of Syrian children attended primary school and 67 per cent of secondary aged youth attended secondary school. The war on Syria has had a devastating impact on both the education opportunities available and the quality of these opportunities; it has left a generation of children and youth unprotected, disconnected and often unable to access their right to learn. With 40 per cent of schools destroyed or damaged, under attack and/or used for temporary shelters, schools are no longer a safe or joyful place for children to hope and dream. A country which has suffered more than its share of conflict and displacement is wracked by violence, economic hardship and a vast weight of human suffering. Most affected of all are Syria’s children: more than 5 million young lives are at risk of becoming a “lost generation”. Prior to the war, Syrian higher education provided co-educational access to young men and women across the country through a well-developed network of public and some private universities and technical academies. By the year 2000, more than 100,000 young Syrians were attending university at any given time. As the war drags on into an eighth year, life may arguably be as difficult for those higher education-eligible Syrians who are now living in Jordan, Lebanon, Turkey, Iraq and Egypt, as it is for students still inside Syria. Many of these young people have not had the opportunity to start university, or have had their education abruptly disrupted. Accurate statistics for university-age displaced Syrians are not available but the numbers are likely to be high. Higher education is also more vulnerable to attack than lower educational levels during conflict. A study of “terrorist armed assaults” on educational institutions over the period 1980–2010 found that universities accounted for the greatest percentage of attacks (41.2%), followed by high schools and colleges (16.5%), secondary and middle schools (17.5%), and primary and elementary schools (12.1%) (Bradford and Wilson, 2013, p. 135). There are several warrants for the notion that higher education is more vulnerable to attack than lower levels of education, including that universities are more closely associated with the state and thus subject to threats from non-state armed forces, that older students are considered more legitimate targets than under-18 s, and that universities are also typically in possession of more valuable goods such as computers and laboratory equipment that increases the prospect of looting. War does often have a severe impact on higher education whether through physical destruction, deaths and injuries to staff and students, mass displacement, and severe under-funding. One example was when terrorist groups in the countryside of Damascus bombarded Damascus University with mortars which targeted the cafeteria of faculty of architecture which resulted in the instant death of fifteen students that were there. Syrian higher education – contrary to claims that it has collapsed – is struggling to operate in a very challenging conflict-affected environment characterized by high levels of violence, mass displacement. Despite these stresses that have confronted the daily operation of higher education and led to massive disruption, the system has not collapsed and many campuses continue to function albeit at a lower capacity than in pre-war Syria. This is remarkable in that the case of Syria inverts the assumption of the education in emergencies literature that the impact of conflict is more intense at top of the educational pyramid. Syrian higher education has shown signs of resilience and has adapted in many ways to maintain the quantitative provision of university services yet quality has been massively eroded. Syrian Communist Youth Union Khaled Bagdash - SCYU KB Syria

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The Imperialists are using pressure groups in Namibia to advance their Regime Change Agenda while using the issue of land redistribution. The pressure groups namely Affirmative Repositioning (AR) and Landless People’s Movement(LPM) has been trying and continue trying to instigate public violence and uprising by instigate their followers and the general public to illegally occupy urban land in all towns in Namibia irregardless of breaking the the municipal laws and ordinances. They are making use of social media like Facebook, Twitter, Instagram, WhatsApp groups etc. At the same time they are using Imperialist media networks in Namibia like private owned newspapers, newsletters, radios etc. The SWAPO Party government and its leadership had tried to engage these pressure groups in several formal meetings but the trend of this agenda has been continuing in spite of several dialogues. With the issue of land redistribution a thorn on the flesh, the SWAPO Party government has instituted a 2nd National Land Conference inclusive of all stakeholders. The government made it a priority to invite the pressure groups to fully get involved in the conference but the two specific pressure groups AR and LPM refused to attend the conference together with three traditional authorities out of eleven traditional authorities. The eleven traditional authorities have fully participated in the conference. The eleven traditional authorities who attended the 2nd National Land Conference were also approached by the pressure groups to snub the the conference but they refused and rather decided to attend the conference and be part of national engagement aimed at providing solutions rather than creating instability in the country. The reasons of these pressure group’s refusal to attend the conference was that they want their demands met which states that they want the people of the Southern part of Namibia to be the only people to be resettled in South and the people of the North to be resettled in the North. However, the SWAPO Party government has refused to allow such demand because it is promoting tribalism, Regionalism and national division. The government has also seen that these demands are contrary to the National policy of Reconciliation and totally against the Namibian constitution which is the supreme law of the country. The government has however on its part distributed the list of the resettled farmers since the inception of the National Resettlement Program so that they are able to judge the fairness of the resettlement drive. There has been a continuous forest exploitation and environmental degradation by some Chinese capitalist companies in the North East of Namibia. As a militant, revolutionary and progressive youth organisation the SWAPO Party Youth League(SPYL) has became the latest figure to unleash wrath at the debacle surrounding tree cutting sale and exploitation of the invaluable resources from the country. The Leader of SPYL classified the latest trend as ugly and dangerous to the environment of the country and further demanded the permits that have allowed the transportation to be stopped immediately. The SPYL said if the the Chinese capitalist business cartels want to invest in forestry, they should rather set up a factory that will employ hundreds of Youth across the country. The SPYL is aware that the capitalist business cartels which is believed to be reaping the benefits from uncontrollable trade of the Redwood illegal harvest is connected to some immense capitalist end-users and end-beneficiaries in the Asian market. The prices range of the single Redwood tree ranges between 250-600 Namibia dollars but it stand to fetch 70 000 Namibia dollars when it reaches its destination in the Asian Market. Many communal farmers have also voices in the exploitation of the Redwood trees and raised a concern on the exclusion of the local people in the transaction and trade of timber products. The majority of the Namibian youth on social media like Facebook, Twitter, Instagram, WhatsApp etc have also condemned this forest exploitations in the country’s Forestry to benefit aimed at benefiting on the the capitalist business cartels while the local people are left out. SWAPO Party Youth League – SPYL Namibia

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Sri Lanka is a multi-ethnic multi-religious country as a result of several historical and geographical factors. After British colonialists imposed capitalist system in Sri Lanka and after the power shifted from colonialists to the local capitalist class, the National Question was one of the major problems which suppressed the people. National Question in Sri Lanka was created in the time British Ruled Sri Lanka. Even though British made Sri Lanka into a unitary body with a single economic system in order to maintain their ‘Divide and Rule’ strategy they maintained the division between Sinhalese, Tamils and Muslims. This prevented races from properly assimilating and making one nationality. Even after when local capitalists took power from colonialists Sinhalese, Tamils and Muslim ruling class used racism for their own benefit. They also organized people in racist manner and even made racist political parties. Racism was very easy and cheap ticket for the politicians to come to power. Time to time Sinhalese politicians and Tamil politicians entered into several treaties and agreements and those were not meant to solve the National Question in Sri Lanka. Those only could intensify the National Question. Such led National Question towards ethnic conflict and towards civil war of thirty years between Sri Lankan Army and Tamil Tiger Terrorists. Simultaneously, National Question in Sri Lanka was not only an internal problem. It has also been used by the American Led Imperialism as well as Indian Expansionism. Racism, communalism and religious extremism are tools which serves the survival of imperialism. Those are ultimate weapons of capitalists. The National Question in Sri Lanka can be understood as a result of backward capitalism, imperialism, Indian expansionism and ethnic extremism. Even though the armed war of the Ethnic conflict was over in 2009 distrust between ethnicities is still prevails. The then Government of Sri Lanka Freedom Party led by Mahinda Rajapakshe did not take the necessary steps to immediately turn the situation in to the direction of solving the National Question and also it did not take the immediate actions to solve the Social, Economic problems in the Northern and Eastern provinces which were war-torn areas. In order even to consider reconciliation people must be provided with solutions for their social and economic problems. Fundamental Rights of them must be guaranteed to all without discrimination. Without eliminating the feeling of discrimination there is no use of considering reconciliation. Some of the problems immediately had to be solved were the problems of displaced people, resettlement of the displaced people, remedying the problems of the families of deceased or missing persons, problems regarding land and houses, issues regarding cultural freedom and taking actions to establish civil governance in the war-torn areas. National Question which caused by inequality can only be solved by total elimination of inequality. As per Karl Marx rightfully said when class exploitation is eliminated one nation exploiting another nation will also be eventually eliminated. Even though, total resolving of National question is only possible in Socialism it is important to solve the National Question in Sri Lanka at least to the extent it can be solved within this capitalist system. Current tendency or the current development regarding the National Question in Sri Lanka is that the politicians and extremist groups are attempting to provoke Sinhalese and Muslims against each other. Last year also some distortions occurred but the Government of Sri Lanka Freedom Party and United National Party did not take steps to prevent it. Rather they took it as an opportunity to distract people from the economic problems they have been facing. Communities of Sinhalese, Tamil, Muslim, Burgher and Malay living in our country and differences between them are inevitable. The harmony could only be built by ensuring equal rights for all communities. Groups moved by political agendas keep on taking the advantages of differences between these communities by provoking them. In order to begin to solve the National Question the ethnic pressure on people has to be minimized. Firstly this cannot be solved by Forceful Centralization or Forceful Decentralization. The National Question can only be solved by the Democratic Centralization. Some of the steps that can be taken to begin to solve National Question in Sri Lanka are eliminating discrimination based on ethnicities, religion and caste constitutionally and constitution must ensure equality to every citizen. Executive Presidency must be removed and dignity and safety of every citizen must be assured. Democracy and equality must be assured. In order to minimize the discrimination happen due to language the Sinhalese, Tamil and English languages must be made National Languages and must facilitated to be used at ones will. Freedom of media and press must be assured. It is very important solve National Question in Sri Lanka as this has hindered for several decades the working class of Sri Lanka moving forward as a one front against capitalism and imperialism. Ethnic and religious differences are always used by opportunistic capitalist politicians and ruling class to divide the people for their own benefits. We as the Socialist Students Union and Socialist Youth Union of Sri Lanka along with our mother party People’s Liberation Front of Sri Lanka are working our best to organize working class in a one front regardless the ethnicities and other divisions. Socialist Students Union – SSU Sri Lanka

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A black cloud hangs over Brazil. Bolsonaro, who was elected in the presidential elections in October 2018 with 55% of the votes cast, is an example of the conservative rise around the world and since then has worked to establish a populist government of authoritarian character in the country, with an agenda that mixes obscurantism and an ultra neoliberal agenda with the potential to condemn the next generations of Brazilians to civilizational regression, the deepening of inequalities and complete economic dependence on foreign countries. The new government is based on a quadriple consisting basically of four cores: the army, whose leadership and influence over the Executive are the largest since the Military Dictatorship, with 35% of the ministers coming from the Armed Forces; the neo-Pentecostal churches, which influence the agenda of customs and contribute to the already evident anticientificism; his own family, who has made a career in politics and against which dozens of evidence of corruption and involvement with the militia weighs, and his economic bloc, mostly represented by the chicago boy Paulo Guedes and aligned unconditionally with US interests and with a fiscal adjustment that removes the social rights that have taken millions of Brazilians out of misery in the last few years. The customs agenda and the speech for a Christian morality, in fact, helped to leverage the reserve captain electorally. Instrumentalizing the conservatism of the population from the outset of its projection for the presidential elections, practiced of a minority hate speech against women, blacks, indigenous people and the LGBT community in order to attract the electorate with the commitment to end the supposed “privileges” that such groups supposedly would enjoy. In a country like Brazil, the one that kills LGBTs the world over, the fifth with the highest number of femicides, and where black homicide victims are more than twice the number of white victims of the same crime, this speech represents an immeasurable risk. The speech against opponents of the government, whom the president calls “red fringes” and has promised to exterminate has already been strong. The repercussions of this are already visible: the shocking murder of Moa do Katendê, one of the main capoeira masters of Angola of Bahia, on the date of the first round of the elections by a supporter of the then candidate Jair Bolsonaro after declaring political disagreements with him shows the feeling of intolerance with the differences and persecution that was established. The economic agenda aimed at weakening the BRICS and alignment with the United States is not by chance. There is much evidence of US intervention in the elections that led Bolsonaro to victory and of the establishment of a true hybrid war in which foreign agents exploit a nation’s social, economic, political, media, and judicial vulnerabilities in order to establish its hegemony. The Brazilian media and the judiciary were fundamental in this process: the first devoted almost a decade to destroying the legacy of progressive governments, and the second dedicated itself to a real enterprise of persecution of popular leaderships - having, of course, as the exponent the imprisonment of former President Lula, legally unsustainable and characterized by transgressions to due process of brazilian law. The modus operandi of the current government imposes a series of difficulties to overcome. With strong popular support, undoubted influence on the judiciary, control of the Armed Forces and US aid, it has enough strength to approve the reforms it intends and condemn the country to a future of dependency. Although we have surpassed the totalitarian and anti-national military regimes of the twentieth century, this new geopolitical strategy represented by the hybrid war and based on new forms of foreign intervention makes it possible to achieve far-reaching propaganda and population control. Brazil is once again the target of US experiments and must be carefully watched by the developing countries around the world, as it will certainly teach these important lessons.

Socialist Youth Union - UJS Brazil

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Western Sahara remains the last colony in Africa facing one of the longest neo-colonial attacks in the continent committed by the absolute Monarchy regime in Morocco. In the 31st of October 1975 Morocco, supported by the main Western powers of the cold war era invaded this small nation, which was fighting against the Spanish colonialism and about to gain its independence since its inclusion in the UN Decolonization list in 1963. Constituted in 1973 to fight the Spanish, the Saharawi liberation movement, Polisario Front, faced a double invasion by Morocco and Mauritania. It has also to rescue thousands of civilians, who were victims to Moroccan military attacks, bombardments with White Phosphorus and Napalm, and built the second oldest refugee camps (after the Palestinian’s) in the South-West of Algeria, which was the only neighboring country that didn’t have colonial claims in the territory. 16 years of armed struggle led by Polisario against Morocco gave King Hassan II the certitude that he can never win the war. His armies were heavily defeated in various famous battles resulting in the death of dozens of thousands of soldiers and the capture of over 3500 prisoners of war (all of which released by Polisario between 1989 and 2005). Hassan II recognized Polisario as the second party to the conflict, and asked for the arbitrage of the UN. He also declared that he accepts the idea of the referendum. In 1991, after few years of secret negotiations, the UN brokered a Settlement Plan between the two belligerents. Yet, 28 years later, The UN Mission for the Referendum in Western Sahara (MINURSO) is still unable to organize this democratic vote. Morocco, backed by the French neo-colonial system, kept evading its responsibilities, violating not only the international law, but also the International humanitarian laws because of the systematic human rights violations against Saharawi civilians in the occupied zones. Lately, it seems that the Security Council slightly changed its attitude and is now asking, under the US pressure, for results from various UN missions, including the MINURSO. This attitude meets the demands of the Saharawi people who believe that MINURSO should either implement its mandate: organize the referendum or leave the country and stop protecting the occupation, because this seems the only role it is playing for the last decades. Security Council’s resolutions always ask for a just, lasting and realistic solution to the conflict in Western Sahara. We, in UJSARIO, believe that the just, fair, and lasting solution to the conflict can only be decided by the people of Western Sahara, the only holders of sovereignty over Western Sahara and its natural resources. It must also pass through a democratic and transparent vote. No other organization or entity, not even the two parties to the conflict, Polisario and Morocco, are entitled to decide over the political future of Western Sahara without the free political expression by the Saharawis. Western Sahara is situated in a region that is exceedingly affected by terrorism, cross-borders crime, drug dealing and migration. Failing to resolve the conflict peacefully and in total respect of the international law will probably cause more instability that would affect not only the neighboring countries, but also Europe, Africa and the world. On the other hand, resolving the issue according to the will of the Saharawi people, will allow the North African countries to intensify their efforts and coordinate appropriately to find solutions to these phenomena. Morocco has been illegally occupying Western Sahara for the last 43 years. It was granted support and protection from the main imperialist powers and the Golf countries; yet, it failed to legalize its status internationally or regionally. It failed to convince the Saharawi people under occupation to accept this colonial fait accompli. It also failed to develop the territory. Worse, the Moroccan government even has problems to administrate its own internationally recognized territory with all the political and economic-social problems Moroccans themselves are suffering from. This is why, UJSARIO believes that, resolving the conflict in Western Sahara according to the International Law will ease Morocco from this burden and maybe give its people a chance to resolve their own internal problems adequately.

UJSARIO Western Sahara

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Human civilization begun from the primitive communist society to present capitalist and socialist society. It is leading to the scientific communist society. A mere social change may not be termed as social transformation. The history has proved that the genuine social transformation is possible only by the deliberate endeavor of the proletariat and working-class people. In Marxist view, one stage to another develops as per the materialist theory of physical and social development, Negation to Negation Theory. Primitive communism was based on egalitarian society, having no hierarchical social structure and there was no capital accumulation. The pastoral society was organized in tribes form and based on nomad with household and tending of herds. Lineages were the root for property rights and mobility allowed groups of pastoralists to leave a group or tribe and regroup as resources permit or as the change in relation. Continuous wars between various tribes and invasion of the warriors to the weaker tribes provided ground for the formation of the state. There was a strong argument that the divine power of ruling has been given to a certain specified and he was the king. In this way, the society was changed to feudal structure politically, socially and culturally. There the social contradiction was between the land-lord or monarch and the peasant. Transformation from feudal to capitalist society was caused by the Renaissance in Europe and the French Revolution of 1789-99 that brought political and social upheaval and overthrown the monarchy in France on one side and the Industrial Revolution begun from about 1760 to sometime between 1820-1840 in Europe and America that changed the production system from manual to mechanical, and socio-economic system from agricultural to industrial on the other. By the study of the inherent nature of capitalism, it can be defined as a politico-economic system where the economic sectors are controlled by private sectors, a handful of rich persons for their profit and governance is unduly influenced by them. Different wars, including the First and Second World Wars fought up until now, are the outcomes of the evils of capitalism. In this context, the great thinkers, Karl Marx and Friederich Engels, wrote Communist Manifesto by giving a concrete way of social transformation to build new social structure by negating all old ones by defining the history as ‘the history of all hitherto existing society is the history of class struggle.’ Marxist analysis of state is ‘a state is a political power, merely the organized power of one class for oppressing the other. It is an instrument of class domination by which the bourgeoisie exploit the working-class people.’ ‘Communism is the politico-economic and socio-cultural ideology and movement that intended to establish classless and stateless society allover the world by eliminating economic and social classes and disparity and all forms of exploitation and making common ownership on wealth by and through all peaceful means, otherwise ultimately by the use of force.’ After the nearly 3 months existence of Paris Commune, the great October Revolution in Russia under Bolshevik Party and Lenin’s leadership took place as a great victory over both feudalism and capitalism in 1917. It obtained victory by the mass participation of the youth revolutionaries. The great Soviet Socialist Revolution again got victory over the WW-II and initiated to assist the socialist revolution allover the world. The foundation of World Federation of Democratic Youth (WFDY) in 1945 as a broad international youth movement with anti-imperialist, anti-war and leftist characters to transform the world toward peace, progressive and prosperous society signifies the role of progressive youth in the genuine social transformation. With the establishment of communist parties in European, Asian, Latin American and African nations to fight against feudal, semi-feudal and comprador capitalist elements domestically and colonial and semi-colonial status externally, all have formed Young Communist League in different names for the transformation of the respective societies. Young communists have played significant role in crossing and defeating the imperialist propaganda, conspiration, interference and intervention world-wide. Chinese and Soviet volunteer revolutionaries fighting the Korean War from Kim Il-Sung’s side against American Imperialism and its allies (1050-53) and Chinese, Soviets, Cuban, North Korean and Eastern European revolutionaries fighting from Ho Chi Minh’s side and defeating American interveners in Vietnam (1955-75) duly explain the young communists’ role in social transformation. In addition, the role of youth in Cuban Revolution, Latin American liberation fight, Bolivarian Revolution (Venezuela), Jhapa Revolt (1971) and Peoples’ War (1996-2006) in Nepal, etc. are burning examples of youth contribution in social transformation. All these events justifies the young communists’ role in genuine social transformation. Youth Federation of Nepal – YFN Nepal

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Revolutionary greetings to you all. I trust this communique finds you well. Please receive the following as an update on the state of Zimbabwe and Zimbabwe African National Union (Patriotic Front), (ZANUPF). Following the harmonised elections of July 2018 where his Excellency President Emmerson Dambudzo Mnangagwa won by over 400000 votes the country has undergone a series of events. Starting off with the Constitutional Court where the leader of an opposition alliance Nelson Chamisa contested results in spite of ZANUPF’s convincing win. The matter was later disregarded by the Highest Court of the Land after lack of evidence to support the allegations. The revolutionary party was given a fresh mandate to govern, we are extremely proud of ourselves considering that the electorate was predominantly youth. I would like to take this chance to also express that the party has no agenda for a Government of National Unity. The electoral process was predominantly peaceful serve for the 1st of August 2018, when rogue demonstrators from the opposition MDC Alliance took to the streets of Harare demanding the immediate release of the election results disregarding the process that had to be undertaken by the Zimbabwe Electoral Commission. The demonstrations resulted in some injuries and cases of loss of life. His Excellency President Emmerson Dambudzo Mnangagwa, following these events appointed a Commission of Inquiry in terms of section 2(1) of the Commissions of Inquiry Act [Chapter 10:07] through Proclamation Number 6 of 2018 published in Statutory Instrument 181 of 2018, with specific Terms of Reference contained therein. On the 18th of December 2018 the report into the August 1st incident was released. The commission of inquiry was independent and transparent and results can be accessed from this link http://kubatana.net/2018/12/18/report-commissioninquiry-1-august-2018-post-election-violence/ On January 14th 2019 the opposition alliance Movement for Democratic Change – Alliance (MDC-A), led by Nelson Chamisa together with other civic organizations as well as western influencers instigated violent demonstrations which was an attempt to undermine a legitimately and constitutionally elected President, His Excellency Cde Emmerson Dambudzo Mnangagwa. The country went under a complete shut down and the general populous was made to stay home by these thugs. There was burning of tyres, destruction of property, government infrastructure and looting, inability to move freely within the country, shops and other basic services were made unavailable. The party then undertook a research to understand what the root cause of the violent demonstrations was. It was found out that the demonstrations were being coordinated through the use of social media. In a bid to counter that, the country went through a brief complete social media shut down in efforts to calm the situation. Zimbabwe is a democratic country where people’s rights are greatly respected. In as much as anyone has the right to protest that does not mean that the right supersedes other rights such as the right to free movement, food and shelter. These rights were violated as a result of the imposed shut down. The shut down lasted a mere four days having things slowly normalizing by the 3rd day. As a party we are grateful for the role that the citizens and police enforcement played in ensuring that the situation did not get out of control. I regret to inform you that we faced some casualties as a result of this bogus initiative and the Party is extremely distraught and saddened by this. We are aware that there were some forces that were working against the Party and the President, those are being dealt with accordingly. Currently I am happy to inform you that the situation is very calm and its business as usual in Zimbabwe. The Party has undergone dialogue with both senior and youth members of opposition parties in efforts to unite for social, economic and political prosperity of our beloved Zimbabwe. The Youth League is in the process of undertaking national dialogues with members from the opposition political parties to be able to find out from the grassroots ways to provide effective solutions for the youth. The National Youth Dialogues are constructive Dialogue Forums on Socio-Economic and Political issues and will be used as a tool to mobilise the youth for full participation in those key areas. This will help the youth league communicate the idea of harnessing skills, modern technology and 21st century innovations and inventions for the economic rehabilitation of Zimbabwe. True to form, the governing Party through its Youth League arm has sought to take a proactive lead in the facilitation of a research which aims to gather empirical evidence towards the conscientisation of its constituent demographic grouping to the multi polar economic transformative initiatives of the government and vice versa. That is to say the effort seeks to synchronise the youth economic initiatives with government policy directives towards a common aspiration of unlocking the average Zimbabwean youth’s economic potential. Zimbabwe’s development target – as stated in Vision 2030 - is to attain a middle income status by 2030. The research entitled The Zimbabwean Youth Economic Transformation Outlook: A Path To A Middle-Income Economy 2030. The Youth League aims to reshape public perception of Youth League and show that the League is Progressive, with new age youth ambassadors that are innovative, idea centered, transparent and authentic. The Youth league intends to broaden its horizons through engaging with both the regional and international community. The Youth league intends to visit sister revolutionary parties to strategize effective working relations. In addition to that the Party through the Youth League is in the process of setting up an internal Cyber Media Centre that will be dedicated to using modern technology and approaches to defending the revolution. Through this centre the Party will be able to create better and more effective channels of communication. We appreciate the confidence and support that has been given to the Party and we hope we continue to work together successfully for the betterment of our beloved Africa and safeguarding the revolution that our forefathers fought relentlessly for. VIVA ZANU PF VIVA! VIVA YOUTH VIVA! VIVA AFRICA VIVA!

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Zimbabwe African National UnionPatriotic Front Youth League - ZANUPF YL Zimbabwe


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