Page 8

Image courtesy of Montgomery Cty Division of Solid Waste Services (via Flickr) under CC BY 2.0

resource recovery

There are at least 40 biomass energy

waste sector. The more we grow recycling,

The National Waste Policy provides an

the more we employ people at an average

agreed overarching framework. It needs to

NSW, Victoria and Western Australia have

ratio of 3:1 recycling:landfill. It should be

be dusted off, strengthened and delivered by

given the green light to EfW via new policies.

noted that this ratio jumps significantly in

a partnership of federal and state jurisdic-

These generally have three preconditions:

some recycling enterprises, with some tip

tions. Progressive alignment of jurisdiction

shops achieving ratios of 30:1.

policy will facilitate reform. But ultimately,

plants in Australia.

• EfW must not cannibalise recycling. • Plants must meet high air emission

These are green, sustainable jobs cov-

market intervention through regulatory or

ering technical (engineering, chemistry,

price signals at the state level is needed to

science), commercial (sales, business) and

drive large-scale reform and therefore to

tors (not just waste disposal).

operational skills. Recycling is one of the

hit state targets.

With the relaxation of state controls on

few manufacturing sectors still growing

MRA has worked with businesses and

EfW policies we are seeing the emergence

in Australia. We need to reinforce its job-

governments across Australia to create

of large-scale proposals for incineration and

creating potential.

realistic waste strategies and action plans.

standards. • Plants must be bona fide energy genera-

gasification of mixed residual waste. These

In our experience, most businesses and

will act as a competitor to landfill and will

Role of government

households support higher recycling rates

further reduce Australia’s emissions. Eight

The role of government (particularly state

and somewhat higher landfill levies, but only

large-scale proposals are currently before

government) is to clearly articulate where

where a significant amount of the levy revenue

approval agencies, with many more under

on the ‘recovery spectrum’ they intend to

is hypothecated to recycling infrastructure

development.

sit (low-cost landfill and lower recycling

and systems.

It is quite reasonable to expect that EfW

rates, or vice versa) and then to develop

As one councillor put it to me, “No-one

will progressively replace landfill as the final

the appropriate policies, regulations and

likes paying taxes, but better they be pro-

disposal option for residual waste. However,

funding arrangements to make it happen.

gressive taxes than not. Better that we tax

this will occur over a 40-year time horizon, not a 4-year horizon.

It is clear that Australian governments are generally committed to a future of

pollution and improve recycling than tax payrolls and increase unemployment.”

less waste to landfill and more resource

With that sentiment in mind, we are on

Jobs

recovery. However, there are significant

the right path. Recycling rates are rising,

Recycling jobs are largely recession proof.

disparities in effort and effectiveness

alternative technologies are emerging, infra-

Recycling rates do not generally swing as

between jurisdictions. Levies range from

structure is being built and with it jobs and

high or as low as the broader economy and

$0–133/t in different states and licensing

economic returns. However, the fact is we

much less than sectors such as mining,

and approval processes are vastly different.

are underperforming relative to state target

tourism and construction.

Some states are pursuing bans on products,

expectations.

others extended producer responsibility and

MRA Consulting Group

others grants and incentives.

www.mraconsulting.com.au

There are over 50,000 people directly or indirectly employed in the $14+ billion

8 Sustainability Matters - Aug/Sep 2016

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Sustainability Matters Aug/Sep 2016  

Sustainability Matters is a bi-monthly magazine showcasing the latest products, technology and sustainable solutions for industry, governmen...

Sustainability Matters Aug/Sep 2016  

Sustainability Matters is a bi-monthly magazine showcasing the latest products, technology and sustainable solutions for industry, governmen...