Lab+Life Scientist Mar 2015

Page 32

DIY: How to measure Planck’s constant using LEGO

The kilogram is about to be redefined using Planck’s constant and you can now measure this constant yourself with a little ‘do-it-yourself’ effort and some LEGO.

32 | LAB+LIFE SCIENTIST - March 2015


he International System of Units (Le

of measurements improves. The meter was first

Système International d’Unités or SI units) is based on

defined as 1/10 000 000 of the meridian through

seven building blocks which can measure length, mass,

Paris between the North Pole and the equator but

time, electric current, thermodynamic temperature,

the first prototype was short by 0.2 mm because

amount of substance and luminous intensity - or in

researchers miscalculated the flattening of the earth

other words, the metre, kilogram, second, ampere,

due to its rotation. Still this length became the

kelvin, mole and candela. All other ‘coherent SI

standard. In 1889, a new international prototype

units’ can be derived from these base units plus a set

was made of an alloy of platinum with 10% iridium,

of decimal-based multipliers.

to within 0.0001, that was to be measured at the

In the olden days, artefacts were used to define

melting point of ice. In 1927, the meter was more

the root units. However, over time, these unit

precisely defined as the distance, at 0°, between

definitions have been modified as the technology

the axes of the two central lines marked on the

of measurement progresses and the precision

bar of platinum-iridium. This bar being subject to |