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Issue 1

WessexScene www.wessexscene.co.uk

Thursday 24th September 2009

So’ton Hits Top 10 Jazmin Sherman

University Arms Deal Exposed

Wessex Scene Reveals £30,000 of Shares in a British Arms Company Peter Apps The University of Southampton currently owns 9,100 shares in arms company BAE Systems, the Wessex Scene has discovered. Despite an “ethical policy” which prohibits investment in tobacco companies, the University is a shareholder in a company described by Campaign Against the Arms Trade (CAAas the second largest manufacturer of arms in the world. BAE Systems produce a range of military products- equipment, weapons, software and training- and exports them indiscriminately to over 100 countries worldwide. In the past they have

supplied regimes in countries such as Turkey, at a time when the military was used in the oppression and slaughter of Kurdish people; Robert Mugabe’s Zimbabwe, during his military operations in the Democratic Republic of Congo; Saudi Arabia, a country condemned by Amnesty International as having “a persistent pattern of gross human rights abuses”, and notoriously to Indonesia, where the military was used to slaughter civilians in East Timor in the late 1990s. BAE also supply the parts for Israel’s F-16 bombers which bombarded Palestine in January. The Wessex Scene learned about the University’s investment from Malcolm Ace, Director of

Finance, University of Southampton in August. He valued the shares in BAE at less than £30,000, a tiny percentage of the University’s overall investments (worth around £8 million) and remarked that this made them so small they were “neither here nor there”. Nonetheless, they do represent both financial support and an implicit endorsement of a company whose business fuels conflict and suffering all over the world. If they are as unimportant as our Director of Finance claimed, it would presumably not hurt the University financially if they were dropped.

Features

Art

The Edge

Why are we Obsessed with Dead People?

SUSU Theatre’s Lords and Ladies hit Fringe.

The death of a celebrity means the birth of an obsession. We speculate, gossip and write about it, but why do we care so much?

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SUSU Theatre group performed Terry Pratchett’s Lords and Ladies at the Edinburgh Fringe Festival.

Page 19

The University of Southampton, which has been placed in the top ten list for disabled students in the Times Good University Guide 2009. In this edition, aside from having its usual comparisons between UK universities using various criteria, the guide also featured facts and figures regarding which universities are ranked top for disabled students. This achievement comes just as other universities have been criticised for not being able to provide a safe and comfortable environment for disabled students. A recent article published by BBC news on August 17th 2009, discovered that a shocking number of universities in the UK performed dismally in recent surveys held by independent campaigns. The BBC article states that, ‘A report by the Muscular Dystrophy Campaign suggests 1 in 10 disabled students were not able to live or eat on university sites.’ The article highlights that Under the ‘Disability Discrimination Act’, which of 2005, universities must make reasonable changes to their campus and halls of residence to make them more accessible. On the Muscular Dystrophy Campaign’s website, they state that ‘30% of university inter-campus transport is inaccessible to disabled students’. The University Challenge, created by the Muscular Dystrophy Campaign highlights numerous problems disabled students may face while at university. The University Challenge believes that the clearing system disadvantages disabled students because it does not leave enough time for them to assess the universities support for disabled students. It also states that, ‘one in ten students will not have accessible accommodation, cooking and dining facilities which are fully integrated into mainstream university life.’ The University Challenge also discovered that only slightly over half of all UK university learning facilities (teaching rooms, study rooms and libraries) are fully accessible to students with a disability. There is also a staggering amount of universities that do not provide a freshers’ guide for disabled students. Continued on page 5

Continued on page 6

Sport

Sport take a Look at the SUSU ‘Bunfight’

We’ve got all the information inside; for a guide to some of this years most interesting sports clubs, we’ve got you covered!

Pages 22 & 23


Editorial

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Meet the Editors

Editorial Team

Say Hello to your Editorial team for the 2009/2010 Academic Session

Each issue, the Wessex Scene editorial team answers a different question. This time we ask: Where is your favourite place in Southampton? Editor-in-Chief Jamie Ings vpcomms@susu.org The airport, because it takes me to sunny places

Carla Bradman: Editor

Editor Carla Bradman editor@soton.ac.uk Peter Rhodes bookshop, for hot chocolate and seeing friends

Why?: After being features editor last year, I decided that there were changes that I wanted to make to the paper as a whole. I have always loved reading as many different newspapers and magazines as I can, and this may be the only opportunity for me to be the editor of a publication I love. I wanted to make sure the Wessex Scene Team were able to work in environment where they were rewarded and praised for all their excellent hard work. What?: When I was younger, people often commented that I was too nice and sensible to become a journalist. Now I will just soften anything negative I have to say with rocky road cupcakes.

Design Editor Jacob Deane Ikea, for crazy swedish meatballs and the van that drives around to Abba Photography Editor James Eley Wherever the Wessex Scene send me to take all their photos Assistant Editor Lydia Teague Any of the little stores around Southampton

Jacob Deane: Design Editor

News Dominic Falquero news@wessexscene.co.uk Jazmin Sherman Dominic - The Dolphin pub in St Denys, run by a ‘decendent’ of Shakespeare Jazmin - Glen Eyre halls, for all the fresher fun that went down there! Politics Peter Apps politics@wessexscene.co.uk Wherever an important protest is happening! Features Gareth Brading features@wessexscene.co.uk Wendy Oloya Gareth - I could not possibly choose! Wendy - Mangos, because of the hot waiter Travel Polly Bennet travel@wessexscene.co.uk My running route through the common, with the old Victorian graveyard, early in the morning Lifestyle Sarah Colah lifestyle@wessexscene.co.uk Jenni Palmer Sarah - The lake in the common, where I talk to my duckling friends Jenni - Avenue campus - it really is quite beautiful Fashion Hannah Pratt fashion@wessexscene.co.uk Beatnik Emporium in town for vintage finds Arts Caroline Evans arts@wessexscene.co.uk The John Hansard gallery, the Nuffield theatre and Turner Sims - all on campus Science Emma Stuart science@wessexscene.co.uk Soul Cellar - a great place for a night out Sport Daniel Webb sport@wessexscene.co.uk Charlotte Woods Daniel - Any pub we go to after laying-up Charlotte - Nandos, but only because I saw the girl from Same Difference in there

Why?: After encouragement from the previous editor, I wanted to help out with the layout and give the paper a consistent and professional look. What?: The knowledge I’ve gained from web design...and great hair.

Barack Obama Demonstrates the New US Defense Strategy

VP Comms

Editor’s Note Despite planning my first editorial note all summer, it appears that my original thoughts have no place. This note is now about the rest of the team who gave up a week of their holidays to return to campus and spend their days crammed into the media resources room, pushing themselves to re-create their sections and make them as original and creative as they can. They spent the summer planning more than I could possibly have expected, and I hope you enjoy the results. Every day I get many emails from students asking if they can be involved with the paper. In the past my answer would have been limited to suggesting they submit articles, but as we take the paper in new directions there are different opportunities for those not on the editorial team, but who want to do more than write. It is essential that everything we publish is factually correct, which is why we need sub-editors. If you are at Winchester School of Art and would like to submit cartoons or comics, we would love to include more of your work. The same can be said for photographers, reporters, writers and reviewers. Please get in touch as there is a place for anybody who wishes to be involved. My main aim this year is to increase variety in our content, and publish stories that you can only

find in the Wessex Scene. However there are only 18 members on the editorial team, while there are 24000 students enrolled at the University. If you hear of any news on campus that you want known, please send us an email to let us know, as we cannot write about something we have not heard. As you may notice, there has been a shift in the design of the paper. We have leaned towards a broadsheet template, but are allowing the section editors more creative freedom so that their layout enhances their content. If you have any comments about the design or the newspaper as a whole, positive or otherwise, please get in touch. We are working hard to ensure you look forward to reading this publication, but if we are unaware of what you like or dislike about it, changes cannot be made. It has been an exciting few weeks in the media resources room, and by the time you read this plans for the second issue will already be underway. I look forward to hearing from you, and along with the rest of the team I am excited for what this year can bring.

Carla Bradman Editor editor@soton.ac.uk

The things some of us choose to do for student journalism are quite mad. The last week has been stressful, but extremely rewarding and I have every confidence that the new editorial team will continue to produce equally rewarding work throughout the year. Recently, I have been very much behind the scenes, arranging interviews, booking training events, and other similar tasks. I have taken such pleasure in observing the work of the team and it is fair to say that they are fantastic. So why not join them? The Wessex Scene and The Edge are always on the scout for new writers and it looks great on the CV. Needless to say, someone reading this issue will be frustrated that a certain topic that interests them has not been covered. If this is you, then why not write it yourself and have it published in the paper? The new academic year is starting with a strong first issue, and I have very faith that the new editors will rise to the challenge and produce work that both us and the whole student body are proud of.

Jamie Ings Editor-in-Chief vpcomms@susu.org


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Lydia Teague: Assistant Editor

Gareth Brading: Features Editor

Dominic Falquero: News Editor

Polly Ann Bennett: Travel Editor

Why?: I want to build on my experience as lifestyle editor, which is the position I held last year. What?: I hope to be able to encourage the use of different design templates to make the paper more aesthetically pleasing. Why?: Things I enjoy: writing, obsessing about alignment, and of course reading fantastic articles from our wonderful contributors. What?: Mint green jeans, an articulate voice, and a combination of sophistication and appropriate immaturity.

Jazmin Sherman: News Editor

Why?: Writing is what I love, and being an editor gives me a chance to indulge in it. I enjoy being a part of a team, and feel privledged to be invovled with the creation of the Wessex Scene. What?: An American accent, smiles and mean organisational skills.

Peter Apps: Politics Editor

Why?: Because it’s the only thing I know anything about, and I think the students deserve to know when demonstrations are taking place so they can act if they so wish. What?: I hope to bring some first hand experience of what it means to be a politically active student.

Wendy Oloya: Features Editor

Why?: Each tim I read any features section I learn about amazing things I would otherwise not have encountered, and I want to share that experience with other students. What?: I’m a gangsta! I’m going to make a hit list! Pow pow pow!

News

Why? Because I didn’t want to feel limited; here I can write about anything and everything What?: I’m a gentleman and I’m going to bring back chivalry to editing. No hit list! (Wendy: “Awww!”) Why?: I love travelling, and wanted to give others the bug. What?: I want to prove that students should not ever feel limited. You can travel at any price!

Sarah Colah: Features Editor

Why?: I love food and health, and wanted to draw on my experience of them to help others. What?: I am Christian and feel like living a good lifestyle is all part of the body, soul and mind connecting in a harmonious way.

Jenni Palmer: Features Editor

Why?: After writing for the Wessex Scene last year, I was excited to take the opportunity to transition to section Editor. What?: I’m very sensible and organised, and I want to pass on common-sense lifestyle tips.

Hannah Jane Pratt: Fashion Editor

Why? I wanted to get away from dictating fashion ‘norms’, to celebrating individual style and the portral of identity through clothes. What? Slightly gothic style and a genuine love for the industry

Caroline Evans: Art Editor

Why?: I have always been interested in theatre, and thought that it would be the perfect pocket for me to slip into.

What?: I want to have more university-based arts information. It’s not just a fluffy page about reading and seeing plays!

Emma Stuart: Science Editor

Why?: To alter the perception that science is ‘geeky’ and boring. Hopefully, I can change all of this and you will all love reading the science section by the end of the year! What?: I want to give students a taste of the top research that the University of Southampton is involved in, and appeal to students from all academic disciplines.

Daniel Webb: Sports Editor

Why?: I’ve always loved sport but I’ve really never had the energy, so as a humanities student I thought I’d become an editor. What?: A refreshing and exciting look at sport around the world and in Southampton.

Charlotte Woods: Sports Editor

Why?: Because I want to make everybody who thought they didn’t love sport, love sport! What?: I do history so I know girls weren’t always able to do sport. I want to empower female athletes!

While we were Away: Ten Stories from the Summer ...Because Other Things Happened than the Death of Michael Jackson Dominic Falquero & Jazmin Sherman

MPs’ Expenses Scandal

After the Daily Telegraph revealed excessive expense claims in May, this September Commons Leader Harriet Harman announced that all expenses claimed in breach of parliamentary rules must be repaid in full. Following months of controversy, reforms are expected in rules regarding claims.

Unemployment rates - 14 year high

Unemployment increased by 210,000 in the three months to July, taking the jobless rate to 7.9%, the highest level in 14 years. The Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development stated that ‘The UK unemployment rate is expected to continue to rise in the coming months and to remain at a high level through 2010’.

Southampton University protect fragile coral reefs

helps

A major international project led by the University of Southampton has been launched to help some of the world’s most rare and fragile coral reefs, and the economies that depend on them. A new three-

year, Government-funded project, led by Professor Terry Dawson, aims to assist the Ecuadorian Government in protecting the last remaining extensive Galapagos coral reefs of the northern Wolf and Darwin Islands, and managing them in a way that still supports the economic activities of the Galapagos Islands.

study, winning a prize for innovation within the University’s School of Psychology, finding ‘participants in our study found it more difficult to discriminate between speakers with a different accent to their own. This research could have important implications when a criminal’s voice is part of eye witness evidence, or a suspect’s identification’.

Stop emitting CO2 or Geoengineering could be our only hope

Swine Flu Update

A Royal Society report, chaired by Professor John Shepherd from the University of Southampton has found that the future of the Earth could rest on potentially dangerous and unproven Geo-engineering technologies unless emissions of carbon dioxide can be greatly reduced. Professor John Shepherd said ‘it is an unpalatable truth that unless we can succeed in greatly reducing CO2 emissions we are headed for a very uncomfortable and challenging climate future’.

Innovative project provides evidence about voice recognition

Psychologists from the University of Southampton have found it may be more difficult to identify a voice if the person’s accent is different from their own. Dr. Sarah Stevenage carried out a

The virus that originated in Mexico has become a pandemic at level four according to the W.H.O., which means it has ‘sustained humanto-human transmission’. Experts believe that this winter will create a surge of new cases and more deaths.

Southampton Boat Show

University of Southampton showcased its innovative marine research at this year’s Southampton Boat Show, the largest in Europe. This year the show offered information from the university’s extensive range of courses in marine biology, and University of Southampton held an event about maritime research.

American Journalists held hostage in North Korea After being held hostage for almost two

months, two American journalists were pardoned for the hostile acts they committed against the DPRK after illegally intruding into it. Former President Clinton flew to North Korea to secure the release of the journalists by requesting for Kim Jong Il to pardon them and persuaded him to send them back home from a humanitarian point of view.

Cold War map uncovered

The work of cartographers at University of Southampton has been able to provide mapping of the extensive secret programme of Cold War. The maps reveal that during the Cold War, thousands of Soviet cartographers created sensitive data about dozens of towns and cities around the world including major hubs, naval bases and other sites of strategic significance.

Obama’s Health Care Plan

President Obama announced the new health care plan, which he believes is vital to address serious issues including chronic health care problems and rising costs. President Obama explained how health insurance reform would provide more security and stability to those who have health insurance, coverage for those who do not, and will lower the cost of health care for US families, businesses, and government alike.


News Vice Chancellor Knighted in Queen’s Birthday Honours page 4

Carla Bradman In the 2009 Queens Birthday Honours list, Sir William Arnot Wakeham, the Vice-Chancellor of Southampton University, was knighted. Professor Wakeham, who leaves his current role at the end of September after an eight-year term, was awarded for services to chemical engineering and higher education. On arrival at the University he declared his aim that Southampton should feature within the top ten universities nationwide by 2010. While that goal is yet to be accomplished, it is only narrowly missed and is consoled by a top ten league appearance for excellent facilities and welfare for disabled students on campus and in halls. While his role involved limited contact with students, his supervision of two PhD candidates allowed him access to the reality of student life. He worries about the election process for presidency of the Student’s Union, concerned that approximately 74% of students did not vote eithier in person or online. With regard to the ongoing NUS debate (of which Southampton is one of six universities currently not members), he states that as long as the union continue to deliver the same level of benefits there is no issue. Considering

the recent strike proposed by one staff union, which would have meant summer examinations left unmarked and final year students unable to graduate, the pitfalls of large unions are clear for all to see. With ‘sustainable’ being a buzzword for the 21st Century, Professor Wakeham is aware that the University must progress in this direction, especially when research from within the University is pushing the agenda forward on a national level. Each time a building is renewed, adjustments are made for solar panels and a combined heat and power plant on campus uses wasted energy. When Boldrewood is demolished, its single-glazed windows and heating systems half a century old will go too, drastically lowering the total amount of energy used per year on all sites. While his suggestions for a park and ride system for Southampton are not considered feasible by Southampton City Council, he has been keen on reducing the cars traveling into the city by increasing car parking prices, and drives a smart car for its environmental ethics. In 2001 there was no Jubilee Sports Centre or Student’s Union Advice and Information Centre (SUAIC), and the student services building was very different to how it is now. During his term he

has centralised the many different non-academic outlets that were formerly dotted around the campus. Now, the students services building houses SUAIC, and is the first port of call for students with lost university ID cards. As well as this, students are able to register for assistance, such as that from the Disability Service. The careers building is the last of these outlets that will be moved. Yet these decisions are not made overnight. The academic shape of the University is planned 10-15 years ahead. Subjects like Classics and Theology have been dropped, while there is a growing demand for Chinese to be added to the Modern Foreign Languages (MFL) department. For decisions regarding building legislation, planning is made up to 100 years in advance, which is not always supported by those outside of the University. Land actualized and left for a number of years may seem like a waste of University finances, but Professor Wakeham suggests that with this planning the University of Southampton will be around in 2109, while the city of Southampton may not. After spending the last eight years of his life in management, Professor Wakeham is moving back to more scientific challenges. He will chair SEPnet,

WessexScene

Sir William Arnot Wakeham

which hopes to boost physics in the South East, and becomes the Vice President of the Royal Academy of Engineering in international affairs. He will also sit on the resource audit committee for the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC). In addition to this, he is also a board member of the South East England Development Agency (SEEDA). After he leaves his position as Vice-Chancellor, he will become an Emeritus Professor of the University. Professor Donald Nutbeam will start as ViceChancellor at the beginning of October.


WessexScene

Southampton’s Provisions for Disabled Students Continued from front page

The University of Southampton has developed three main areas to give current and prospective students full accessibility to a range of support services tailored to their needs. The University’s Wessex Needs Assessment Centre provides special assessments for students with disabilities and specific learning disabilities (such as dyslexia and dyspraxia), many of which are eligible for the Disabled Students’ Allowances (DSA). The University also has an ‘Enabling Services’ programme which provides support for applicants and current students with a wide range of disabilities including chronic health conditions, physical disabilities and mental health difficulties. The Wessex Needs Assessment Centre also includes a wide range of services to support students with dyslexia and other specific learning difficulties. Information about all of the above services can be found on the University of Southampton’s website for Education support at: http://www. soton.ac.uk/studentsupport/indextexts.html

UK’s Most Powerful University-Owned Supercomputer Natasha Downes In support of the University of Southampton’s goal in maintaining their status as leaders of research, they have invested £3 million in the UK’s most powerful public sector Supercomputer. The new Supercomputer, containing more than 8000 processors, is the equivalent of around 4,000 standard office computers running simultaneously. The custom built machine will be used by cutting edge researchers across the University in fields ranging from cancer research to climate change. Professor Philip Nelson, the University’s Deputy Vice-Chancellor said, ‘The University of Southampton is one of the UK’s leading research Universities and one of the top 100 in the world. To ensure that we remain at the cutting-edge of research, we must invest in the best facilities for our research staff.’ The Supercomputer will greatly assist the University’s medical researchers. Geneticist Professor Andrew Collins comments: ‘We need extremely high levels of computing power in our work mapping the disease genes implicated in breast cancer and glaucoma. With the volume of genome data increasing hugely each year, its analysis requires the most highly-sophisticated facilities.’

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News

University: Wrong time, Wrong place? Why now may not be the Time for a Degree Lucy Austen As the new academic year begins, questions are being asked as to whether university standards are slipping and if this means students would be better off working full time instead of pursuing a degree. A report from MPs claims degree standards at English universities are decreasing in quality with many students receiving top grades undeservedly. There are calls for the degree system to be entirely replaced, with some people calling the current one ‘out of date’. Whilst Universities UK labels the report as ‘ill thought through’, they cite the fact that the increased demand for courses proves that university standards are being upheld. Phil Willis, chairman of the Commons universities select committee who produced the report, said that it is unclear ‘whether first class honours degrees achieved at different universities indicate the same or different intellectual standards’. To rectify this, MPs are calling for tighter rules for external examiners and the implementation of an independent watchdog to protect the ‘integrity’ of degrees. This debate has been well reported in the media, and has inevitably led many new and returning students to question why they are taking a degree, when the degree they are paying for could be lacking in real quality and may give them only a slight advantage in the job market once their life at university ends. Universities secretary, Lord Mandelson, has ordered a major review of the higher education finance system with the aim of making universities compete for funding instead of getting a block grant, and increasing funding for the most economically valuable subjects such as engineering. Concerns have been raised that this will inhibit the progress of the humanities and arts subjects because a shift in government funding towards the sciences means that subjects such as modern languages are suffering. Professor Mike Kelly, director of the Languages, Linguistics

and Area Studies subject centre at Southampton University, argues that Russell Group universities, of which Southampton is a part of, are being particularly badly hit as funding is having to be more thinly spread. He calls it ‘a dilution of overall research funding’, that underestimates the effect it will have on students’ performance. This shift in funding may be creating a culture at universities, where life outside of academia is valued instead of an emphasis on education itself. It is not only the doubts about degree standards that are worrying many current and prospective students. Since the three- fold rise in the amount students pay in tuition fees became effective in 2006, NUS president Wes Streeting argued that ‘no demonstrable improvement’ has been seen in the quality of students’ experience at university. In addition, this year has seen tens of thousands of applicants who may be without their student loan as their academic year begins. Up to 170,000 students are still unsure of the outcome of their application as the Student Loans Company has struggled to process the overwhelming number of late applications it has received. The recession has in part been blamed for the 16% rise in applications for loans this year, despite only a 10% rise in the number of actual students attending university. A record 611,947 people have applied to UK universities this year and 140,000 of those were scrambling for 22,000 university places through the clearing system at the end of the summer. Southampton had only 25 clearing places available, and were forced to turn away good candidates in the most competitive year to gain university entry on record. However, despite government warnings that it may be more worth while to gain work experience or take a vocational training course instead of going to university and racking up thousands of pounds worth of debt in the current climate, it is generally agreed that having a degree places you in better stead than someone who does not have one. The prospects of someone who has a degree are

Data sourced from: www.timesonline.co.uk much more appealing, especially to prospective employers as having a degree often demonstrates your teamwork and presentation skills. On average, graduates are predicted to earn more than £100,000 over their non-graduate counter parts, as well as benefiting from the experience of handling your own finances at an early age and expanding your mind and challenging your intellect in a sociable environment. With Southampton University ranking an impressive 12th in the Sunday Times Good University Guide this year, it seems that the benefits of going to this university now are outweighing the cries from those arguing that university is merely an expensive waste of a young person’s time.

Cancer Development at University

A new way of Killing Cancer Cells has been Discovered by Scientists Natasha Downes A breakthrough into a new way of killing cancer cells has been made by a collaborative team of scientists at the University of Southampton and the University of Manchester.The scientists investigations revealed that new antibody treatments can make cancer cells kill themselves. When antibodies bind to cells, including cancer cells, they can highlight those targets for destruction by the body’s immune system. However, now the study shows that antibodies can kill cancer cells directly. This discovery offers an exciting insight into the potential developments of new and more effective treatments for blood cancer patients. Scientists from both of the University’s are developing their study to examine how antibody treatments work against leukaemia and lymphoma blood cancers. Dr Mark Cragg, a cell biologist at the University of Southampton’s School of Medicine, led the research together with Professor Tim Illidge, from

the University of Manchester. He commented that ‘our findings are significant and open up the possibility of applying the knowledge of how antibodies can be developed to trigger cell death and may enable us to design treatments for other cancers.’ The Study, published in the Journal of Clinical Investigations (JCI), was funded by the Association for International Care Research (AICR), Leukaemia Research, Cancer Research UK and Tenovus. Dr Mark Matfield, from the Association for International Care Researchw, said that ‘the discovery of a new mechanism by which cancer cells kill themselves is an important step forward in cancer research. Killing the cancer cells is the basis of all successful cancer treatments’. Dr David Grant of Leukaemia Research said ‘the discovery of the unique pathway used by antibody therapies to kill cancer cells has for the first time revealed why they are more effective than chemotherapy. This may lead to new treatments for patients with bloody cancers who cannot be cured using conventional chemotherapy’.


Politics University Arms Investment

WessexScene

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Peter Apps Continued from front page

The University’s ethical investment policy also seems to present a contradiction. It was described by Ace as prohibiting investment in any company ‘whose primary purpose is in the tobacco market’. This policy was developed in the mid-nineties with the Dean of Medicine, and proves that the University is prepared to take the ethics of a company into account before investing. If the University considers the tobacco market unethical because cigarettes are addictive and potentially deadly, then investment in arms is hard to justify.

There are few conflicts around the globe that are not supplied in some way by the international arms trade. Although attempts have been made to regulate it, experienced dealers can find loopholes by passing weapons through ‘third countries’ to banned destinations, forging paperwork or using arms brokers who are capable of exploiting weaknesses in the system.

The Wessex Scene learned about the University’s 9,100 shares in BAE from Director of Finance, Malcolm Ace, in August. In addition to this, once the arms are sold, it is difficult to say where they will go next. Consequently, arms can quite easily find their way into the hands of child soldiers, criminal gangs or murderous dictators. The arms trade has also become a major cause of world poverty, diverting state spending in the third world away

from providing better education, health care and clean water. It is an industry that deals in human suffering, where making profit is more important than people’s lives. To call our policy ethical, surely we need to end our ties with the arms industry? While Southampton is by no means one of the worst offenders in terms of arms investment (Oxford, Cambridge, Swansea and Liverpool universities all own more that £1 million pounds worth of arms trade shares), our affiliation with BAE goes deeper than mere investment. In 2004 the School of Electronics and Computer Sciences signed a multi-million pound research agreement with them, described by the University’s own website as ‘marking the start of an important new strategic partnership’. This deal involved both research into the development of new technology and providing education and training courses to groom graduates for future employment.

Profiting from death and the exploitation of violent conflict surely flies in the face of everything that we, both as human beings and as an institution, should stand for. Many students and academics are likely to find these links disturbing. We should be an academic centre, not a business, and it is part of our responsibility as such to have ethical and moral standards. Profiting from death and the exploitation of violent conflict surely flies in the face of everything that we, both as human beings and as an institution, should stand for. Surely we should condemn a company such as BAE rather than provide them with investment, research and future employees. The time may well have come therefore for the University to extend its ethical investment policy from tobacco to arms companies and break our ties with BAE. If you agree, please join the facebook group ‘Southampton Students Against the Arms Trade’ or email the finance department at: finance@soton.ac.uk

Online Poll Each edition the Politics Section will be running an online poll to let students have their say about one of the issues raised. This month the question is:

Should the University drop its investment in BAE Systems? Go to www.wessexscene.co.uk/politics to vote and leave comments. Some of the best, or at least most interesting ones, will be published in the next edition.

This Summer In Politics A Quick Update on Some of the Stories you may have Missed this Summer Peter Apps Welcome freshers and welcome back to all old students! It’s been a long summer, and the Wessex Scene is here to give you a quick update on some of the political stories you may have missed while you were relaxing on the beach: Abdelbaset Ali al-Megrahi, the man convicted of the Lockerbie bombings, was released from prison on compassionate grounds in August. He was terminally ill and the Scottish government made the controversial decision to allow him to spend the rest of his life in Libya. Israel has refused to stop in construction projects in West Bank settlements despite international pressure, particularly from the US. The end of these projects has been identified as one of

many factors required for restarting peace talks in the region.

Voters in the Afghan elections held in August.

This summer saw elections across the Middle East and South Asia. In June, Lebanese elections saw Hezbollah lose to a US backed alliance. In July, Mahmoud Ahmedinejad held office following a re-count in Iran. The election was widely criticised for being corrupt in the Western media, but many Arabic news sources argued that this was

a reaction to the fact that the Western backed party lost. The recent election in Afghanistan was marred by violence and allegations of fraud. The most recent results gave the former President Hamid Karzai a 54% share, but more re-counts are required before the results are announced. In America, Barack Obama has been struggling to get his health reforms through congress despite mounting pressure. There are currently around 47 million Americans without access to healthcare according to BBC News. DSEi, the world’s largest arms exhibition, was held in Excel, East London in September despite widespread local and national protest. Finally, it has been a summer of heavy losses for British troops in Afghanistan, and August saw the death toll for the campaign rise past 200.

Who are BAE Systems? • BAE Systems is an arms company that makes fighter aircrafts, warships, tanks, missiles, ammunitions and much more. It sells arms indiscriminately across the world, to over 100 countries. • It has been supplying arms to Indonesia since 1978, including the notorious sale of Hawk Jets that many East Timorese leaders claim have been used in repressive attacks on their people. • In 1988 BAE signed the ‘al-Yamamah’ deal with Saudi Arabia. This was Britain’s biggest ever arms deal worth around £40 billion. It provided enormous amounts of military jets, hardware, infrastructure and training. Campaign Against the Arms Trade (CAAT) called this deal ‘an endorsement of a country with a history of brutal repression.’ • Allegations claim that BAE paid massive bribes to Saudi officials to secure the al-Yamamah contract. In 2006 an investigation into these claims by the Serious Fraud Office was terminated by the government following pressure from Saudi authorities. • BAE provide the parts for Israel’s F-16 bombers and they also count India and Pakistan among their best customers. • Although it is often described as a British company, the term multi-national would now be more fitting, with many of its employees based overseas, the majority in the US.


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Save Vestas: The

Campaign Peter Apps

The campaign to save the Vestas wind turbine factory hit the headlines this summer when 20 workers occupied an upstairs office. Their protest lasted for just under three weeks, but in that time they managed to make their cause a national and international issue. It highlighted two of the hottest political topics of the moment: renewable energy and unemployment, and combined them up in a single campaign.

The wind turbine factory, in Newport on the Isle of Wight, is being closed down, meaning around 600 jobs have been or will be lost.

How to Save Vestas?

So what is this campaign? The wind turbine factory, in Newport on the Isle of Wight, is being closed down, meaning around 600 jobs have been or will be lost. In addition to this the factory was central to creating the kind of renewable energy our government has promised to expand. Vestas, the Danish company who own the factory, claim that there is ‘a lack of demand’ for the products. However, as many of the campaigners argue, if the government is so committed to green energy and fighting unemployment, surely they should be prepared to commit public money to keep the factory open.

The Answer Is Blowing In the Wind Toby Bakare Summer on the Isle of Wight saw the closure of the only factory in the UK that makes wind turbines, an alternative to coal that would work particularly well on our windy shores. The Vestas plant in Newport has since become a focal point for ongoing protest; against both the company who are cutting vital ‘green’ jobs, and the government who are not doing enough to step in and continue the production of wind turbines in the UK. The protest has now gathered more support from environmentalists and crossed over to the main land, with Southampton becoming the latest flashpoint. The Southampton Boat Show was disrupted as protesters gained entry to the docks to stop a shipment of the factory’s blades bound for their new home in America. To attempt this, the protestors chained their necks to the turbines, but were eventually cut lose by the police. In the end, the result was a minor delay for the shipment and a night in the cells for the protestors. I went along to the police station the following day, to speak to some of the ‘Save Vestas’ campaigners as they waited for the release of their arrested comrades. I expected to meet a group of hardcore ‘eco veterans’, used to breaking the law and living outside ‘The System’, however I was surprised to see a number of students among the group. One person’s story particularly caught my eye. Jonathan, an architecture student from Bath, had gone on a whirlwind two day journey. A rather average summer holiday had turned into mucking

in at the Newport factory, now a protest camp, and finally to the lawn outside Southampton police station. ‘My girlfriend actually brought me down to the Isle of Wight a couple of days ago, for a bit of a camping holiday. But I very quickly got a lot more involved. [There was] mention of some direct action to push the protest forward, I was interested so I went along.’ He was clearly passionate and informed about the issues. He eloquently described to me his ‘fear for the future of the planet’, something that many people of his generation are likely to share. Some simple spontaneity meant that he was now an active campaigner in something that he cared about rather than a grumbling spectator. There was certainly spontaneity in his actions, but I got the impression that it was what he had been planning and hoping for. Several times he mentioned how important civil responsibility and the right to protest were to him. This ‘get up and do it’ attitude of the group was something that had to be admired.

The protestors chained their necks to the turbines, but were eventually cut lose by the police. As time passes, and the reality of the new term begins, this story could easily fall off the radar. Many students would probably be reluctant to give up studying (or even binge drinking) for life as an eco warrior. But the campaigners are determined to keep this story in people’s minds. They feel,

quite rightly, that if the government is at all serious about changing to a low carbon economy then these are jobs that have to be preserved, despite the obstacles of NIMBY-ism (Not In My Back Yard) and the recession. The student protesters are not turning their back on the Vestas issue or environmentalism either. ‘The real ultimate solution to environmental problems is about culture, it’s about how we live, and as students we’re in a good position to influence that because we have very specialised areas of knowledge’, Jonathan tells me. It is a pragmatic response from an idealist. And his advice to would be student activists? ‘Just get out there and see what interests you and what needs to be done.’ It could be travelling to the Newport Vestas factory and helping out with night-watchmen shifts at the protest camp, or just pledging your support on the save Vestas website: http://savevestas.wordpress.com. Student activism is not new. Groups like People and Planet, the UK’s biggest student network for environmental action, and Engineers without Borders, are aimed at getting the likes of you involved and active. And of course the big groups such as Greenpeace will cater for students too. Laura, another student protester I met, will be in Central London on 5th December. She will be wearing the uniform blue clothing and taking part in the annual climate change march timed to happen at the same time as the United Nations Climate Change Conference in Copenhagen, where world leaders will make decisions affecting the future of our climate for years to come. It’s her way of getting her voice heard.

Politics

The Isle of Wight already has one of the worst rates of unemployment in the UK, with nearly 3,000 occupants out of work. Closing Vestas would add another 600 to that list and have a serious knock on effect on other local businesses, reliant on the factory. Bobby Noyes, President of the Southampton Trade Union Congress (TUC), told the Wessex Scene that, ‘there are skilled, experienced workers, being made redundant in the Isle of Wight. In Scotland, in a very similar situation the government was prepared to take over the factory temporarily until it recovered. We want to see our government do something similar now to save the jobs and save the factory.’ But has this apparent clash of workers rights and environmental issues led to a fractured campaign? Not at all according to Noyes, as ‘both campaigns are a united front’, she said, “we are a red and green alliance”. Indeed, the success of the campaign probably owes a lot to the potent mix of trade unions and environmental activists working together. But where next? And what about students who want to get involved? The best place to find information about the ongoing local events is the website, www.savevestas.wordpress.com. On Sunday 27th September a coach will be taking many campaigners from Southampton and the Isle of Wight to Brighton, to join a national demonstration against the Labour party. Save Vestas banners are likely to be at the front of that demonstration. Noyes encouraged Southampton University students to attend, ‘We’re fighting for everyone’s jobs and everyone’s future. It’s crucial that students are involved.’ Coach tickets are available from £5 in October Books, Portswood.

Forthcoming Events Here are the details of some upcoming political events, both local and national, that students may be interested in participating. For more information on any of these events please send an email to: politics@wessexscene.co.uk Sunday 27th September - Rage Against New Labour Protest, Brighton. This protest coincides with the annual Labour conference in Brighton. Whether it is war, the economy or unemployment there are many reasons to be angry with our political representatives. Coaches on the day are leaving at 9am from Southampton Cenotaph and tickets are avaliable for £5 or £10 from October Books. Saturday 3rd October - The Really Really Green Living Conference. St Andrews Church, The Avenue, Southampton SO17 1XQ. 10:303:30, registration at 10. A conference on ways to reduce carbon footprints, both practically and politically. Keynote address from BBC Springwatch’s Chris Packham. Featuring workshops on both practical ways to reduce your footprint and political activism, plus a Q&A session featuring local MPs. Lunch provided. Cost is free, but a donation is encouraged. Saturday 24th October - Troops Out Now Demonstration, Central London. In a demonstration that is likely to number in the tens of thousands, the Stop the War Coalition are calling for an immediate withdrawal of British troops from Afghanistan. For more details, see the next edition.


Student Christian Movement Applied Social Sciences

Lifesaving Club

Fresher’s Social [Stag’s Head] 30th September 19:30 The first social of the year! Red and yellow themed trip to Jesters!

comms@sulsc.org

Christian Union

Question Sofa and Spaghetti Handout [On Campus - You won’t miss us!] Freshers Week

Sit on the Question Sofa, ask someone the questions about Christianity that have always bugged you and get free Spaghett

cu@sucu.org.uk

Christian Union

Afternoon Tea with JC [Small Meetings Room - SUSU] Wed, Thu & Fri Freshers Week 3-5pm Come have free tea/coffee and cake, its a chilled out cafe atmosphere with a talk from a student.

Squash Club

Trails [Squash Courts SUSU] Men: 3rd October 12:40 - 17:20 Ladies: 4th October 12:40 - 17:20

A great chance to meet new people and get involved in an active and social club.

wtmp1v07@soton.ac.uk

Mountain Bike Club

Freshers Rides [Outside Stag’s Head] 3rd, 4th October 14:00 For anyone that wants to give mountain biking a go. All skill levels/types of riding catered for.

president@sumbc.co.uk

Taster Dinghy Session [Interchange] 4th October 11:00

This is an opportunity for sailors and non-sailors to see what boats and facilities the University sailing club has to offer.

ueg1v07@soton.ac.uk

Mens Hockey Club

GameSoc

Games at Two [Main Union building] Every Wed & Sat from 14:00 Since the dawn of time, we have met to play some games. You should come join in.

Fresher Trials 4th October

Waterpolo Wed & Sun

[Jubilee Pool] 20:00 - 22:00

Waterpolo involves passing, defending and shooting a ball but all in water! We have two strong teams but welcome any ability.

pb6v07@soton.ac.uk

[Concourse] 9am & 1pm both days

Get out of the city, get onto the water. Try windsurfing down at Sandbanks Beach (Poole) for just £5!

willward@suwc.net

Ladies Football Taster Session 3rd October 2009

[Widelane] 13:30 – 16:00

Taster session held at widelane, freshers and current years welcome.

sulfc@soton.ac.uk

Netball Club

Trials [Jubilee Sports Hall] 3rd Oct (2-5pm) 4th Oct (11am - 2pm) A chance to trial for one of our four university teams. Sign up for trials at the Bunfight!

aje3v07@soton.ac.uk

president@suscm.co.uk

ass_soc@hotmail.co.uk

Come and sample the joys and japes of our inclusive, aware and challenging group. Free food for all comers.

English Society

The Erasmus Society is kicking things off with a truly International party. Everyone welcome. Discover Erasmus!

The theme of the social is simple yet effective...all you need is a white T-shirt, a marker pen and the will to have fun! Simple!

Welcome Party 7th October

[The Bridge] 19:30-01:00

esn@soton.ac.uk

LiveSoc Takeover The Hobbit 4th October

19:00

With Fighting Fiction (as seen at the IOW festival) Used Inc and The New Decibells. Donations/ Raffle in aid of Cancer Research UK

This will be the first of our weekly Monday events. Find out what’s happening this year.

atheistsoc@soton.ac.uk

The traditional fancy dress pub crawl to welcome all new members. Theme is MILITARY, get out your camos and facepaint!

committee@wessexmotorclub.co.uk

HistSoc

Treasure Island Scavenger Bar Crawl [Starts at the Stag’s Head] 8th October 19:30 Histsoc is back and to celebrate the beginning of yet another swashbuckling year, we are having a welcome back fancy-dress barcrawl!

histsoc@soton.ac.uk

Three Legged Pub Golf 8th October

[The Mitre] 19:30

This is the first Philosophy social of the year – a great opportunity to meet your new classmates and like minded fellows!

philsoc@soton.ac.uk

Pub Golf [Start Stag’s Head] 8th October 19:30 Our first event of the year will be a great chance to get to know everyone on your course and enjoy a wicked night of PubGolf together!

[46 / 3001] 19:00

Introduction to all things SUSSC; find out more about the club/activities/epic-holidays. Followed by specially organised, massive night out.

socials@sussc.com

Culture & Cocktails 10th October

[The Bridge] 20:00 - 00:00

Everyone is welcome at our first culture showcase! Sip cocktails & sample some of the many cultural delights SUCAS offer…

aek1v07@soton.ac.uk

Liberal Democrats

SUWake

Latent Lib Dem? Or just not sure what we’re about? Join us for an evening and paint the town yellow.

Entire weekend away wakeboarding at Boxend cable aimed at getting as many beginners on the water as possible for around £40 each.

Introductory Social [Stag’s Head] 7th October 19:00

su.libdem@soton.ac.uk

Fresher’s Pub Crawl 14th October

[Stag’s Head] 19:30

tw13g08@soton.ac.uk

Medical Society TOGA Party 19th October

[The Cube] 21:00 - 02:00

An 80s themed Toga Party. The first huge medsoc event of the calendar should not be missed.

medsoc@soton.ac.uk

Stop AIDS Society

International Speaker Tour [Uniplex] 22nd October 18:30 - 20:30

The tour brings together people from across the globe to talk about their experiences with HIV/ AIDS. Not to be missed.

stopaids@soton.ac.uk

LiveSoc

LiveSoc Takeover the Soul Cellar 29th October 20:00 Featuring Floors and Walls fresh from their appearance at Bestival, and their tour buddies Mean Poppa Lean. £3 Entry

president@livesoc.co.uk

mansoc@soton.ac.uk

Ski and Snowboard Club Culture Appreciation Society Fresher’s Night 6th October

engsoc@soton.ac.uk

Interested in racing or rally driving at Uni? See what we do. Ask any questions. Followed by local pub trip!

Management Society [06/1081] 19:00

[Stag’s Head] 20:00

Skunks Ultimate Frisbee Club

president@livesoc.co.uk

Ice breaker event 5th October 2009

Scribble Social 12th October

Wessex Motor Club

Philosophy Society

LiveSoc

A night to kick you’re A.S.S into gear! Dress to impress and share the social love! Meet outside Stags 7pm.

Erasmus Society

jmr1v07@soton.ac.uk

Atheist Society

Windsurf Club Try it sessions 1st/2nd October

[Widelane] 14:00 - 17:00

Trials as a welcome to the club and indication for team selection, all abilities welcome.

president@sotongamesoc.com

Waterpolo Club

First Social for 2009 [Varsity / Sobar] 12th October 2009 19:00 till late

Introductory Meeting [physics / LT B] 8th October 19:00 - 20:30

The Sailing Club

cu@sucu.org.uk

Taster Session [The Chaplaincy] 7th October 19:00(food) 20:00(session)

Wakeboarding Weekend 10th / 11th October

[Bedford] 08:00

suwake@soton.ac.uk

Ballroom and Latin Dance

Friendly Ballroom and Latin Dance Competition [Garden Court] 14th November 2009 10:30 - 18:00 Southampton’s annual dance competition against Bath and Exeter - a great chance to support your university’s team.

sublds@soton.ac.uk


Features

WessexScene

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In Memoriam of...

Newsflash: Michael Jackson is We Contemplate the Public’s Ability to Grieve over Someone that

15th January 2007 - 21st May 2009

It is with great sadness and much regret that the Wessex Scene must announce the tragic death of the Scene2. The Scene2 passed away shortly after the publication of the final issue last year. It is survived by the Features, Lifestyle, Travel, Arts and Science sections. It was finally laid to rest on 14th September, in the company of its loved ones. Since the beginning of its life, the Scene2 has been the backbone of the Wessex Scene, encompassing nearly half of the newspaper. However, it never really attained the true pull-out status it so greatly desired. Also amongst the deceased is the Scene’s short-lived Mascot, Wes the Turtle/Tortoise, who met his untimely end just a year after he arrived on our pages. He may be gone, but he still lives on in our hearts and minds. A memorial service is not currently planned. Floral tributes to the bereaved at the Wessex Scene offices are welcome. “I hold it true, whate’er befall; I feel it when I sorrow most; ‘Tis better to have loved and lost Than never to have loved at all.” Alfred Lord Tennyson.

Wendy Oloya As the War in Darfur continues to spill bloodshed by the truckload and questions regarding ambiguous mortality figures remnain unanswered, only one thing consistently fills the headlines and dominates the airwaves: celebrity deaths. While the mass killing of the Sudanese population is a daily occurrence, the public are more concerned with Michael Jackson’s doctor being charged with his murder.The nature of our being is to become desensitised to mass killings, compared to our sympathetic reaction to the death of a single person, especially if that single person is famous. When a celebrity dies, their value increases, as merchandise endorsing the celebrity and more significantly the image they represent takes the place of the dead star in question. In death, many celebrities become immortalized through the power of branding. In the same way that Brand Beckham has established itself in the celebrity obssesed market with its various endorsements, dead celebrities such as Marilyn Monroe are associated with their beauty and cultural importance as opposed to their often critically acclaimed work. For example, in 2008 an announcement was made that a fashion line named House of Monroe was to release designs based upon Monroe’s sexy and sophisticated style. With her beauty, style and influence on many women the world over universally agreed upon, Monroe is kept preserved as a celebrity who is still very much alive. In contrast, there are some celebrities whom are no longer with us, of which society is fanatical about, because of the genuine impact their work has had on popular culture. The actor James Dean, while alive, was most popular for his brooding good looks and his portryal in ‘Rebel Without a Cause’, which encouraged the young

of the 1950’s to embrace him as a spokesperson for their generation. However it was after he died that he received a posthumous Oscar nomination for ‘Giant’, and to this day is commonly placed in various top 100 best actor of all time lists. Marvin Gaye became Motown personified as he used his music to make social commentary on the racial, sexual and political injustices of the time. Bob Marley provided a voice for a generation promoting peace which resonates with people across all social and racial boundaries. Unfortunately, these men are connected by their shocking and untimely deaths. Dean died in a car crash, Gaye was shot by his father, and Marley was struck by skin cancer. However, with all three, their celebrity currency lies within their body of work, more so than their individual personnas. The material they offered to the public was and still is overwhelmingly loved and respected, hence their legacy has more substance and so it is deemed more acceptable to idolise and romanticise their time on earth and ignore their tragic deaths. What is more interesting? Is witnessing the way in which celebrities react to the death of other celebrities. Some might say that this, more than the average person’s reaction, is more telling of the fickle world of the rich and famous. Within hours of hearing the news of Jackson’s death celebrities from the music, film and fashion world were sending their condolences, making tributes and expressing their sorrow, albeit via Twitter. American musician John Mayer tweeted, ‘Dazed in the studio. A major strand of our cultural DNA has left us. RIP Michael Jackson’, and even Stephen Fry expressed ‘Goodness. Michael Jackson. Poor old soul. Oh dear.’ It cannot be denied that Jackson’s body of work, especially his early solo records Off the Wall and Thriller, which reached new heights and set the standard

of musical greatness, would have influeneced every musician and dancer over the past 30 years. Nonetheless, in researching for this article and reading other celebrity tweets all posted within a few hours of each other, it appears that many of them attempted to out do each other with their tributes. Arguably many celebrities did have something to gain from Jackson’s death. If they offer displays of sadness and heartache, then they become emotionally available and take a break from the perfect and unattainable image they are so used to portraying. When young pubescent children witness their own idols such as Beyonce, Britney and Justin lamenting about Jackson who was their idol, it makes it okay and justifies any sad response they may have for a man who released most of his best material around ten years before they were even born. Author Leo Brady explains that ‘celebrities have their aura - a debased version of charisma’ and goes on to liken them to Christian patron saints. There are some saints, such as Saint Christopher who are better known and called upon than Saint Oswine of Deira. If such a comparison between saints and celebrities is to be accepted, then evidence of a ranking order should be found in the celebrity sphere also. This order of ranking can be identified as a hierarchy of the brightness of a celebrity’s star. For example, the relationship between Brad Pitt and Angelina Jolie is deemed more news worthy than that of two Big Brother contestants. The same applies when various celebrities die around the

The Loudness War is Destroying Music Gareth Brading In essence, there are two things that are slowly but surely destroying the existence of the CD today. The first is the rise of digital downloads, mp3’s and iPods. The second is the Loudness War, which many record companies have been constantly waging since the 1980’s. This movement has meant the slow death of High Fidelity sound during the last three decades. The idea behind the Loudness War is a simple one: loud albums sell better, and the louder your album, the more likely it is going to outshine the competition.

albums sell better... The “Loud louder your album, the more it outshines the competition. ”

To illustrate: imagine you have a CD released in the mid 1980’s, as The Beatles albums on CD originally were. In 1987, the overall album sound level was lower; if you wanted it to be louder, you had to crank up the volume knob on your stereo yourself. This meant that there were greater differences between the soft and loud noises in the mix. However, year upon year, the music industry has had this unending compulsion to raise the overall volume of an album, by digitally compressing the

dynamic range of the music. If one band puts out an album that sounds loud and hard-hitting, a competing record company feels compelled to release its artists’ albums at similar or higher volumes. For example, if you were to compare the original LP version of The Beatles single ‘Something’ on Abbey Road, as well as the 1987 version, to that released on the 2000 compilation, 1, you would notice that the version on 1 is much louder across the board. The sound quality itself suffers as a result, because highs and lows in the music are levelled out. Whilst this isn’t always a bad thing, it normally can ruin the original dynamic range of a song. There are many examples of this happening in modern music. You might very well have listened to the first album by the Arctic Monkeys, Whatever People Say I Am, That’s What I’m Not. Ever wondered how the vocalist and the rest of the band are able to keep up the unendingly hectic pace without ever seeming to draw breath? The answer is the songs have been digitally compressed to make the tempo faster. At first, this makes the songs seem more punchy and catchy; our attention is drawn to the source of the noise. However, after a few minutes of constant loud noises without any change in dynamics, it starts

to just get irritating and monotonous. With limitations to the dynamic range, all you are left with is a flatline in the sound. In the words of the great Bob Dylan; ‘You listen to these modern records, they’re atrocious; they have sound all over them. There’s no definition of nothing, no vocal, no nothing, just like... static.’ When there are no genuinely ‘quiet’ sections of a song, there can be no actual ‘loud’ sections to complement them, since everything is the same volume all the way through. One real victim of the Loudness War was the American alternative rock band Red Hot Chilli Pepper’s 1999 album, Californication. It was digitally compressed to such a large extent that many critics and fans alike deemed it almost unlistenable due to the range clipping that took place on all the songs. Similar feelings were voiced concerning Metallica’s latest album, Death Magnetic. Perhaps the most famous example of this occurence can be found in Oasis’ (What’s the Story) Morning Glory? The point can really be summed up like this: if you really want your music to be loud, turn the volume up yourself. Don’t let a record company executive do it for you. Good quality sound need not be lost because of an increase in volume. For more information, go to www.turnmeup.org

Marily Monroe and Michael Jackson


WessexScene

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Still Dead

Features

they have Never Met

same time. As well as many of us forgetting about the death of English actress Natasha Richardson, who died earlier this year after a skiing accident, the passing of Farrah Fawcett was completely overshadowed by Jackson who died just a mere few hours after her. This was no more evident in the speed of which media coverage changed and adapted to the ongoing breaking news of Jackson’s reported heart attack right up to confirmation of his death. This could simply be explained by establishing the difference between Fawcett’s status as a 70’s icon to Jackson’s status as a cultural institution. The fact is Jackson is, was, and will always be higher up the celebrity food chain than Fawcett. Although we say that one life is no more valuable than any other, this response from both the public and the media would suggest otherwise. So who can we claim as our icon of death? Who will be our Marley, or Dean or Jackson? My answer is Heath Ledger. We will remember how in our teens we laughed at him in 10 Things I Hate About You and marveled at his Oscar winning performance in The Dark Knight. Ledger was unable to reach and fulfill his potential, which leaves us wondering what could have been. Ledger was still aesthetically pleasing and the respect for him in the film industry was gaining fast momentum. For this reason, his death is unjustified, and therefore our obsession with the mystery surrounding why and how he died will continue, until our own generation dies and the generation after us has come to obsess over him or someone new.

The Beatles

The Fab Four: Still Fabulous? The Beatles are still at the Forefront of Pop Culture, 40 years on Gareth Brading I will confess, here and now. When I was about 13, I listened to hardly any music whatsoever. All I knew was some limited classical stuff and some selected hits by the great Rolf Harris. Aside from that, music had never interested me. I listened to audiobooks and the like, rather than albums and songs. Then one day, my parents happened to be playing The Beatles compilation album, 1, and on came ‘Paperback Writer’. Something about that song just clicked for me; it was like hearing a new and totally beautiful birdsong for the very first time. Music was now something to be cherished and preserved, and The Beatles were my catalyst for this discovery. Today, they are back in the spotlight once again. Beatlemania is reborn. With the release of their newly remastered albums and their introduction to rhythm video games with The Beatles: Rock Band, their name is still an incredibly powerful icon in popular culture. One question remains: are The Beatles still, for want of a better word, cool? Some may question whether The Beatles are still relevant to modern society, almost forty years since the group disbanded. With the murder of John Lennon in 1980 and George Harrison’s death from cancer in 2001, only Paul McCartney and Ringo Starr are left alive. How can a band our parents grew up listening to be important to us? First off, their music is still indisputably brilliant. Songs such as ‘She Loves You’, ‘Get Back’ and ‘Let It Be’ are now timeless classics, firmly established as British institutions alongside old-fashioned ideas such as afternoon tea and cricket. You only

need to look at the listening figures on the popular internet music website Last.fm for evidence of its popularity. The Beatles had the most played tracks for the whole of 2008, ahead of Radiohead, Coldplay and The Killers. For the week of 13th September, the Radio 1 Chart Show listed eleven of their remastered albums within the Top 40. Undoubtedly, the band still means something to a great many people.

music video was essen“The tially invented by The Beatles film “A Hard Day’s Night. ”

The other facet that must be considered is the effect The Beatles continue to have on most forms of popular music today. MTV recognises that the modern music video was essentially invented by The Beatles film, A Hard Day’s Night. The first use of audio feedback is featured in their song ‘I Feel Fine’. They also pioneered multi-track recording, complex overdubbing and other post production techniques, all of which are used on a daily basis in modern records. The practice of world tours was also established by them in 1964, during their first visit to the United States. If it were not for The Beatles, it is theoretical that music as we know it today would not be possible. There is hardly a style they did not experiment with at some point during their tumulous career. Want some Hard Rock? Try ‘Helter Skelter’. Reggae? ‘Ob-La-Di, Ob-La-Da’. Avant-Garde? ‘Revolution 9’. And these are only songs from The White Album! A great amount of time has passed since The Beatles rocked out one final time on

the roof of 3 Savile Row in 1969, but their music still resonates as clearly as though it had been yesterday. This is not to say that the revolution in popular music can be laid solely at the throne of their Fabulousness. Others, including The Rolling Stones, The Who and Led Zeppelin must also have their recognition. But The Beatles were right at the centre of an explosion in society, which saw the old Post-War 50’s mentality replaced by one of love, peace and harmony. Although the ideals of the 60’s were eventually replaced by the Punk anti-establishment of the 1970’s, its fallout reached far beyond what was originally predicted, and is still meaningful today.

The Lost Beatles

Here is my pick of the most neglected Beatles songs in their catalogue. ‘It’s All Too Much’: Hidden away on Yellow Submarine, this George Harrison creation has some of the most incredible sounding guitars you will ever hear. ‘Leave My Kitten Alone’: Never officially released until the 1996 Anthology 1 collection, this song was recorded and considered for inclusion on Beatles for Sale. ‘The Inner Light’: The B-Side to ‘Lady Madonna’, George Harrison uses exclusively Indian instrumentation to create an atmosphere which is cosmically peaceful. ‘Baby, You’re a Rich Man’: Always hidden behind their anthem ‘All You Need Is Love’, the experimental electrical noises here are memorable.


Features

WessexScene

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Glastonbury Carla Bradman Unlike last year, Glastonbury festival managed to sell-out before it started. After the surprise success of last summer, when Jay-Z was controversially announced as Saturday’s headliner, 2009 saw the return of the festival as the highlight of the British summer. Arriving at eight on the Wednesday morning is comparable to being a muggle accepted into Hogwarts. The site is larger than Bath, with tents magically appearing throughout the day and people dressed as wizards strolling around, as well as those dressed as cowboys and naked prophets. Although a cliché, Glastonbury truly is a festival for all ages and tastes. From the ‘kidz’ field to the dance tents, and the multitude of alternative therapies on offer in the green fields, Michael Eavis has pioneered a holiday park far superior than any Butlins or Centerparcs. Yet while he maintains the music is just an additional bonus, that is still the primary reason for thousands who pilgrimage to Somerset on the last weekend of June. From Folk to Rock, Dance to Indie, Circus acts to Human Vocal Orchestras – all in one day on the farm. Bruce Springsteen performed with unfading energy, despite disappointing some by playing very few of his famed classics. Dizzee Rascal performed a patchy Michael Jackson tribute, allowing a soundtrack to override his own talent. Fleet Foxes were a delight, but suffered acoustically on the Pyramid Stage, their sound more suited to a tented arena. Glastonbury festival is not purely about music, but the best acts return every few years for the relaxed atmosphere and attentive audiences. It is great for discovering new talent, with lesserknown acts playing the same stage that their musical influences did the night before. Treat the festival as a holiday, see the few acts you would pay to see normally, but don’t cram ten acts in a day for ‘value for money’. Catch an early performance for an unsigned treat, have a cup of tea in the Greenpeace departure lounge, book a holiday to Kazakhstan for 5 pence in Shangri La. Embrace the crazy and soon enough it will all make sense, just in time for you to catch a final headliner in the evening.

Songs to Spotify

Kate Walsh – Heartbreakingly depressing lyrics from the most beautiful voice to come from Essex. Song to Spotify: Bury My Head

VV Brown – Modern soul stress who played an early Pyramid slot, and who will undoubtedly be around in a few years time at a later time in the day. Song to Spotify: Bleeding Blood Bon Iver – Band from Florida who play slightly eclectic instrumentals. The lead singer lived in a shed in American wilderness for a year to write their first album. Song to Spotify: Skinny Love Rolf Harris – Nothing beats a Didgeridoo on the Jazz/World stage on a sunny afternoon. Still full of life at 79, toddlers and ninety-year-old hippies as well as those in between had smiles on their faces for every second of his set. Song to Spotify: Two Little Boys

The Civic Centre, the heart of Southampton City

Your Refreshers’ Guidebook... You may think you know the City of Southampton, but the Truth is Lucy Austen & Sharna-Marie Manners Southampton: city of docklands, Spitfires and quite a bit of reinforced concrete. You might have walked around the West Quay centre and ambled down Above Bar Street, but have you gotten to know the real heart of the city? We give you a quick rundown of the best little-known sites to visit in the neighbourhood.

Peter Rhodes Book Shop

This tiny book shop/cafe is located at the end of Portswood high street, just before Lodge Road. It really is a hidden gem, the perfect place to browse second hand and antiquarian books, share a coffee or a particularly enjoyable hot chocolate (for only £1-£1.50) with friends, and even provides a quiet, relaxed atmosphere to plan an essay and escape from the student working atmosphere.

The Red Lion

The Red Lion is situated at the end of the high street. The inn dates back to the 12th century and the rustic building with its rickety staircase and pet parrot provide an excellent backdrop for a good home-cooked pub lunch. The food ranges in price from £7.50 for a lasagne to £18.50 for a 20oz steak, with chips served in a side bowl! The portions are made to fill the biggest of eaters, so for those that can only manage smaller portions, sharing a meal is advised.

Harbour Lights Picture House

Set in Ocean Village overlooking the marina, Harbour Lights provides a beautiful setting for foreign, independent and mainstream cinema. Only £6.00 for a student ticket the picture house is well worth the trip to experience an evening of greater culture and variety than the Odeon cinema. A bar and comfy lounge are ideal for a pre-movie drink and it is even possible for you to take a glass of wine into the movie with you. Around the marina are some lovely (albeit somewhat expensive) restaurants and bars, like The Banana Wharf or The Pitcher and Piano, with great food, cocktails and setting. Ideal for a date!

Lights provides a “Harbour beautiful setting for foreign or indepedent cinema. ” Long Down Dairy Farm

Although this attraction is mainly aimed at children, on a sunny day it is a welcome work-break for the animal lovers, bringing back childhood memories as you feed and pet the farm animals. Not only does the farm have a quaint tea room where you can enjoy a lovely cream tea, it also has a shop selling produce produced by the farm and surrounding areas, supporting local farmers and producers. For more information on all things dairy go to: www.longdownfarm.co.uk

Maritime Museum

Southampton boasts a history rich in maritime success, something that is evident if you visit the Maritime Museum. Located by the docks, opposite the port for the Isle of White ferry, the unassuming building is full of (dusty) exhibits featuring information on Southampton’s maritime history. Its main attraction is upstairs where original artefacts and interactive videos can be viewed, dedicated to the city’s most famous ill fated cruise liner, the Titanic. It was a genuinely interesting visit, but this was solely down to reading some of the personal stories of those on the Titanic, watching parts of a 44 minute video featuring original footage of the ship, and an interactive children exercise where we learnt how to tie a constrictor knot. However,there is no question that the museum, especially the ground floor, is in desperate need of refurbishment to distance itself from its 1970s primary school atmosphere. When asked about the planned refurbishment, for there was a clear sign warning us that some of the information may be out of date and that it would be rectified once the museum had been refurbished in the near futurew, a museum employee replied ‘no, no refurbishment here’. Okay… So why should Southampton University students visit the museum? ‘To experience how things used to be’. Right, thanks. Your ship has arrived now sir, please get on.


Features The PSP Southampton Boat Show 2009 WessexScene

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The Annual Exhibition is not just an Excuse to show off Huge Amounts of Massive Yachts Wendy Oloya One of the biggest events in Southampton to date was the PSP Southampton Boat Show. Welcoming in a reported 122,000 visitors over a ten day period, this year the aim of the show was not just for exhibitors to display and sell those products already in high demand, but also to use the event as a platform for the launch of various new products such as the Lagoon 420 catamaran sailing boat and the Ocean Kayak’s Torque Angler and Nalu Paddleboard. The event, which opened on Friday 11th September and finished on Sunday 20th September, was a roaring success with a 23% ticket sale increase from last year, defying the recession. Under the beaming sky of an early autumn day, it was clear that the event was clearly aimed at a specific demographic, that being those middle aged couples wishing to enjoy their disposable income. Of course you could always spot the odd rich Russian oligarch by the twenty- something blonde leggy model on his arm. As we entered the marina, we overhead a member of staff ask a gentleman, ‘Sir are you a boat owner?’ We were no longer in our comfort zone and did feel that we should adopt aliases to not draw attention to ourselves. However there were a considerable amount of young people walking around, admiring the sheer size of the many boats, yachts and kayaks and visiting the various stalls. Pouring over the clothes stalls were daddy’s little girls, picking out a new outfit to wear on the brand new yacht.

to Soton you have no Idea. Southampton Art Gallery

Initial expectations of the Southampton Art Gallery in the Civic Centre were not that high. Our first impressions of the gallery were ones of pleasant surprise and by the time we left, we wished we had more time to spend there. As you ascend the stairs past the library and into the main hall, you are confronted with works by contemporary British artists such as the late Barry Flanagan sitting harmoniously alongside fourteenth century pieces by artists such as Alegretto Nozi and some rather sentimental work by the pupils of St. Denys primary school. As you move through the gallery, passing Turner Prize winner Rachel Whiteread’s Free Standing Bed and into a room full of Dutch renaissance pieces, it becomes clear that the gallery’s aim is to force people to appreciate varied mediums of what ‘art’ is. Whilst some prefer the sheer talent of renaissance work, one cannot deny the absolute creativity of contemporary artists. However, the main attraction for us was the ‘Cut It Out’ exhibition running until 18th October. It showcases some of the most beautiful and whimsical paper cut artists around today with stand out pieces by the likes of Stefan Saffer and Oona Patterson. In all, the Southampton Art Gallery is definitely worth a visit (not least because entry is free) and it is so easily accessible that it would be a shame if Southampton students did not take advantage of it.

Small children were catered for with the help of various visitor attractions, designed to keep them entertained in the event that buying a boat may not interest them as much as it would their parents. The interactive Record Breakers Stage Show at Solent Park proved very popular with its attempt for numerous boating record breakers to sail around the world in twenty minutes! There was also the chance to learn how to communicate via a Semaphore. This is when two people, who

The PSP Southampton Boat Show

are within sight of each other, receive and send messages using hand held flags to indicate the letter of the alphabet that is needed. NATO’s land and sea forces still regularly use semaphore and experienced machinists have been known to send and receive messages at around 30 words per minute. Another attraction that was deemed both useful and insightful to both exhibitors and visitors was the Royal National Lifeboat Institution stand.

Photograph: onEdition 2009

This gave all who were present at the show the chance to sit in on the free seminars being offered regarding sea safety knowledge, for those whose sea legs are as good as daddy’s little girls in their Gucci stilettos and Tinkerbelle the Maltese puppy dog in their manicured hand. It was the hope of the shows organisers that these pampered pooch owners would give generously, as the RNLI’s Serious Fun! campaign was launched at the beginning of the summer. The project aims to encourage regular donations to the RNLI who, due to lack of free financial reserves, are only able to run for seven months of the year. Although such information provided a different aspect of the boating industry the highlight of the day was going on board The Fleming Yacht. Priced at around $2.8 million, the glossy pinewood interior stored a widescreen television, beautiful dressers, comfortable spacious beds and showers that would put most student halls to shame. In addition there was a mini kitchen with a cooker, fridge and freezer and breakfast bar. Not to mention the huge barbeque and meat holder aboard deck. In comparison the Jeanneau sailing boat, starting at a more modest price of £550,000, included huge wardrobes, sofas and a hi-tech navigation system, but appeared to be a peasant’s wagon in comparison to the Fleming Yacht. Overall, the event provided both entertainment and a new found knowledge of the boating world.

Homes are the People who Live in Them Sharna-Marie Manners It is not a difficult decision to decide who you want to live with after five months of knowing them. The people that you choose will normally be those people that you have shared a flat in halls with, spent the last five months dancing, eating, working and living with. These people will be the people that you first met, sitting in your communal kitchen and sharing your life-so-far experiences and new anxieties with. Why would you not want to continue to live with them?

people feel more at “Ineasea house, to be themselves. ”

On first coming to university everybody is out to make an impression; you want to be liked and gain a lot of new friends. This niceness that you think is inherent to all around you, is probably, like your own, a niceness that is easy to maintain around people you aren’t that familiar with and obey the rules of polite social conduct with. We all have grumpy days and scruffy days and days when we just cannot be bothered to be that nice, but until you move into a house, it is easy to hide the days that do not tend to portray you in the best light. If you are one of the more fortunate ones, you will get on as well with the people you are moving in with in September as you did in January, but many people do not, because in nine months a lot can change. Some may stop making as much effort once they have signed the contract, others may have fall-outs between these months or you may just realise that you don’t get along as well as you thought. Some aspects of private rented accommodation

is a bit like living back home with your parents. In a home, people feel more at ease to be themselves. So ensues the sulking, the grumpiness, the arguments and, worst of all...the untidiness. In halls, you are lucky to have a cleaner - somebody a bit like your Mum was at home. The kitchen and bathrooms (if communal) are cleaned every day and if you had an en-suite you only had to clean up after yourself. There is something about a house that makes you in close-proximity of someone else constantly, if not of the actual person, at least their mess. There will always be the neat-freak, (me, for instance) who will go mad when people do not wash up straight after they have eaten, wipe the surface down after preparing food, wash

the shower down, vacuum, polish and so on, and this person will drive everyone else mad with their constant nagging. Living in private rented accommodation is a great deal more difficult than living in halls, yet it is also a whole lot better: It is quieter and calmer, which is well received after the first year of continuous partying, until it is your turn to throw a house party. It is far more homely and that is why it requires a great deal more responsibility and prepares you more for the world after university. Best of all, despite the messiness and occasional arguments, it has given me the four loveliest and closest housemates, who all know what we are like on our bad days, but still love each other.

A typical street within the leafy suburban areas around Avenue Campus.


Travel WessexScene The Real Camp America Experience page 14

Polly Bennett & Daniel Webb Summer camp work is a fun and CV enhancing way to earn money for the adventurous student. Each year around 7500 young people are sent overseas by Camp America alone, and with rival companies growing every year, the opportunities are becoming ever available. Forty years ago this summer, Camp America pioneered the concept of summer camp work for foreign students and young people at over 10,000 camps across the USA. Working as an activity leader, camp counsellor or as part of the maintenance crew offers work experience while improving skills and hobbies.

Standard camps advertise for people able to specialise in one or several areas, ranging from water sports and performing arts to teaching and pastoral care. There are also many specialist camps catering Visit:

www.campamerica.co.uk www.ccusa.com www.bunac.org

For reviews visit: http://travel.ciao.co.uk

for particular religions or children with disabilities, which can often be the right camp for those pursuing a particular career or after a more unique and challenging summer. The general consensus may be that summer camp, and in particular Camp America, was the best summer of many student’s lives, but there are those whose stories are less positive. In this review, two of our Wessex Scene editors give advice and tell their stories, be it good, bad or ugly.

Polly’s Story:

“ The

rigmarole of applying was helped enormously by the military precision of Camp America. I can not fault their efficiency and support in organising visas, flights, interviews and emergency assistance. All I had to do was submit a personal statement with any certificates and wait for an interview. A trip to the US Embassy for my visa, a phone call from my camp, and I was employed and ready to go. My camp was in the leafy hills of upstate New York, only a few hours drive from the Great Lakes and New Yoprk City itself. The landscape should have been an ideal setting for my role as hiking and nature leader. Six other camp counsellors and I arrived at camp a week early for lifeguard training. Only then did the reality become apparent. I was prepared for hard work, little sleep, and poor pay, but not for being treated like a disposable slave. We were given no time at all to rest for even just a couple of hours before having to throw ourselves into the

lake and do 30 lengths, jet-lagged and poorly fed. The camp itself was fantastic for the children, catering for those from disadvantaged families in New York City. Seeing their excited faces as they arrived in the green hills and open fields was definitely the most memorable moment. Many of them couldn’t believe their luck at being in such a different environment - everything there was fun! The staff in charge were helpful and friendly, until you brought up a negative issue, after which they could make themselves quite disagreeable. After two weeks I realised this was not the camp for me and Camp America were fantastic at organising the transfer home. I would definitely recommend summer camp, but check on your camp before you go. If you do not like the sound of it, change it!

Daniel’s Story:

“ Ok, so this might all sound a bit daunting, but

here at the Wessex Scene we pride ourselves on bringing you the honest truth. Do not get me wrong, camp was a wonderful, once in a lifetime experience but I just want you to be prepared. This summer I managed to work at two very different camps, both in upstate New York. This allowed me to gain a valuable insight into the realities of Camp America. My best advice for you budding camp counsellors is this: invest time in researching the camp you are employed by to ensure it is the right camp for you. Camp America is simply the middle man between you and your camp. If you pick right

you will have the summer of a lifetime. If you want to truly make a difference to a child’s life then a non-profit or special needs camp is for you. If you are looking for a more adventurous, fun-loving summer then choose a standard American camp. WARNING! Camp is no easy ride! If you love a lie in more than life itself camp is not for you. The average camp wakes up between 7am and 8am, at which time you need to be ready for a hard, but fun, day of work. You will be working until the kids go to sleep with no more than two hours off a day, and one day off a week. You will be eating the equivalent of school dinners for breakfast, lunch and dinner. America has opportunities unlike anything in the UK, from watching humpback whales to teaching kids to swim for the first time. You’ will never have such a rewarding summer, not forgetting all this comes with the opportunity to explore the vast US continent after you’ve finished. So go on, don’t miss out on what will truly be a great summer.

August Festival Fever Megan James

Edinburgh is best known for its yearly Fringe Festival. This massive event is officially the largest arts festival in the world with performances ranging from comedy and dramatics to music and dance. A record 2 million tickets were sold this August and I was lucky enough to experience some fantastic and innovative shows.

Nearby was a hidden outdoor space with a beach, maze, and giant chessboard. My friends and I wanted a summer holiday, but as loans began to run dry and with the credit crunch still biting, a ‘stay-cation’ in the UK was a cheaper alternative to a European city break. Despite booking during the peak of the festival we still managed to find cheap last minute flights from Cardiff. A short walk from our bargain city centre hostel was Edinburgh’s busy main street the Royal Mile. It was filled with a variety of performance artists, with stages set up along the street for comedians and musicians to promote their shows and entertain the crowds. Not everything was worth watching though. I cringed at an improvisation comedy group who thought shouting lots about magic bananas was funny. When walking around Edinburgh be prepared to be spammed with endless leaflets and brochures

promoting the over 30,000 performances and events taking place each year. On our first day we were handed flyers for an abridged version of ‘Hamlet’ by a group of actors in Victorian dress. Student tickets were only £6.50 and the young people performing were incredibly talented and professional. This was one of the best parts of the holiday as it led us to discover the amazing C venues, a popular but not hugely well known part of the Fringe. They include a complex of mini theatres and a great bar to hang out in before and after shows. Nearby was the quirky Scoo Urban Garden, a hidden outdoor space with a beach, maze and giant chessboard. Other popular venues are the Pleasant Courtyard and the Assembly Rooms, particularly for comedy. On our last day we watched ‘Shakespeare for Breakfast: A Midsummer Nights Scream’, an updated, hilarious version of ‘A Midsummer Nights Dream’ complete with modern references and in-jokes. The show started early in the morning, but they provided free coffee and croissants. It has been running for 18 years and is so popular it’s always a sell out. www.flybe.com - cheap flights direct from Southampton to Edinburgh www.nationalrail.co.uk - travel after 10am with a Young Persons Railcard for discounted prices


WessexScene

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Tales From the South China Sea Polly Bennett The afternoon rain changes the smells of the forest. Newly fresh and replenished the trees and plants seem to lift their branches a little higher. Between the hammering of the rain and returning chatter of the forest inhabitants the forest pauses in a quiet lull. Although a perfect moment to appreciate the beauty of the Malaysian rain forest, the task of measuring over 1000 plants in 5 different ways beckoned. I wasn’t even a third of the way through one plot, crouching in the undergrowth on my screaming toes, ruler and pen in hand. After 4 weeks of hiking to study sites and crawling along the forest floor, my walking was reduced to a crippled hobble. But it was all in the name of science and chasing a first for my dissertation. I wasn’t the only student to suffer for my data during this month long trip to Malaysia. 8 Biology and 2 Environmental Science students battled torrential rain, lofty peaks, and capsizing boats for their 3rd year projects. We were based on the seemingly tropical idyll of Tioman Island off the east coast of Peninsula Malaysia. Dominated by granite peaks, this once active volcano boasts a spot in the top 10 most beautiful islands of the world. While this may be true regarding the beaches and lush sweeps of forest, most tourist development has grossly diminished the appeal of this island. Unlike neighbouring Thailand, where even the £2 a night beach huts are clean and well-kept, much of Malaysia is overpriced in comparison and often left to fall into disrepair. Tioman Island very much lives on its reputation. In saying this, the resort we stayed

Mission Possible Sarah Colah

During my gap year, I believe that God called me to go on a mission trip. He led me to Mission Direct, a Christian organisation piloting a gap year project in East Africa called UgapUganda. Before arriving in Uganda, the image I had in mind was of a hot, dusty, and vast desert. However, the moment I stepped off the plane that picture quickly vanished as I discovered that Uganda is beautifully green and lush.

Travel

DESTINATIONS

FOOD & DRINK Some of the most memorable holiday moments involve food. Whether savouring a local delicacy or nursing a bout of travellers’ tummy, there is always something to draw your mind back. Here we have chosen the tastiest, weirdest, crazi and most eco-friendly of foreign delights to fire your wanderlust.

South Island, New Zealand

Possum Pie - what better way to stop the demolition of the rain forest than by encasing these furry mammals within a layer of shortcrust pastry and serving with fries. Surprisingly delicious - really does taste like chicken.

at was one of the best on the west coast, isolated from the neighbouring village in its own bay. It had a turtle hatchery, which we helped to finish build. This also meant waking at dawn to release hundreds of newly hatched green and hawksbill turtles into the sea. The inaccessibility of most of the island has reduced development to the coast, and as such, was an ideal place to research island ecology. The diversity of habitats on the island, including coastal mangroves, coral reefs, plantations and primary, undisturbed rain forest, provided an exciting choice of areas for projects. As science students our projects covered many aspects of ecology and conservation. Butterfly flower preference, coral and fish diversity, fiddler crab habituation, and forest gap ecology were just several. After a week of planning and practising experi-

mental methods we were ready for our real data. Each day we set off with tape measures, pH metres, field guides and determination. Each day would end with us gathered at the dining table exhausted, sunburnt, scratched, and bleeding, but more often than not laughing too. Our successful days were punctuated by minor disasters such as confrontations with macaques and encounters with the barbed whips of the rattan palm. Our project ended with 4 days of fantastic scuba diving. The waters around the island are a marine park and so a safe haven for tropical fish, turtles, and sharks. Everyone agreed the month was brilliant fun, despite the challenge of carrying out a dissertation on a remote tropical island. The effort was worth the experience, if not the grade - fingers crossed.

Visit www.ecofieldtrips.com.sg for details. The trip cost £950 inclusive of accommodation, full board, transfers, project guidance and support, and 4 days scuba diving. Flights from Heathrow – Singapore via Dubai started from £454 with Emirates Airways (June 2009). See also: Operation Wallacea at www.opwall.com; GVI at www.gvi.co.uk They call it the ‘Pearl of Africa’ because it is like Africa condensed, with the best of the continent’s landscapes packed into one small but amazing place. It is home to the highest mountain range in Africa - the Mountains of the Moon, all the wildlife of the Lion King in the national parks and mountain gorillas in the rain forest. The source of the River Nile is found near the town of Jinja in northern Lake Victoria. It also offers some of the best white water rafting in the world with up to grade 5 rapids.

My group and I were based in Rukungiri, southwest Uganda. The hotel we stayed at was luxurious to those around us, with running water, electricity and beds with pillows. For the first few months, I taught in the local Rukungiri Modern Primary School. This was great fun but also very daunting. The teacher put his chalk down and said, ‘ok you teach now’. I found myself facing a sea of little Ugandan faces, staring expectantly at me. However once I started to plan my lessons, I really enjoyed teaching and spending time with the children.

Uganda is home to the highest mountain range in Africa. The last month of the project was spent painting the dormitories at the primary school. The conditions that the boarding children had to live in were appalling. There were about 40 children to a room, and two or three to a bed. What struck me initially was the stench. The children all wet the bed because at night the lack of electricity made it very difficult to find the ‘long drop’ toilets. Due to the countries water shortage, the bedding does not get washed very often, and there were also no mosquito nets on the beds. The team leader decided that we must do what we could to make the living conditions for these

Malaysia

Satay Celup - a spicy peanut sauce boiling in the centre of the table. With sticks of chicken, tofu, batter, and seafood to dip, you have a snack in seconds.

Tanzania

Millet Beer - a staple of religious and social life this yeasty, gruel-like tipple is brewed from millet kernels in many African countries. Beware – it’s strong.

Mongolia

Mare’s Milk - although it may be daunting, this drink is deliciously creamy and warm. A lifesaver during the bitter Mongolian winter.

Scotland

Haggis - put all preconceptions aside and try this Highland delicacy. The pepper and spices add a fiery kick while the rusk gives body to the principle ingredients, meat and offal. Cased in the lining of a sheeps stomach this is just an exotic sausage. As long as you avoid chip shop haggis this will always be a treat.

Argentina

Beef - cooked on a parilla, or bbq using wood or charcoal, in the old gaucho tradition. The exquisite beef of the Argentine pampas has no need for sauces after preparation in this way, just a little seasoning with chimichurri –herbs, garlic and peppers in oil.

children better. By the end of the month the dorms were cleaned, scrubbed and painted. They looked fantastic and the children were thrilled. My time in Uganda was so life changing that I knew that I would not be saying goodbye to the country for good. Little did I know how soon I would return. My friend and I were extemely fortunate to have the funds to go back to Uganda for five weeks this summer. We were reunited with the Ugandan friends we met last year and were able to see what progress had been made there. This time we painted an orphanage 8km from Rukungiri. If you would like to get involved with mission work, research countries that you would like to visit and contact one of the dozens of suitable organisations that will take you there. You will not regret it. Visit www.missiondirect.org for details


Lifestyle Let’s Get Physical!

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Sarah Colah

University life is not the best for your health: a combination of late nights, lots of alcohol, fast food and stress is certainly not a recipe for good health and fitness. If your immune system is low then you will be susceptible to fatigue, colds and the dreaded ‘freshers flu’. It is extremely important for all students to keep fit because if you have energy then you will do better in your studies which, after all, is what we are all here for. Exercise not only builds and maintains healthy muscles, bones and joints, but it also reduces depression and anxiety which is very crucial when at university. Most importantly, exercise keeps the weight off so that you can feel and look your best. Everyone fears not being able to get into those skinny jeans that used to fit perfectly before coming to university! The University of Southampton’s Athletic Union offers students a wide range of sporting facilities. If you are into sports then you can join a team,

be it badminton, tennis, squash, cricket, netball, rugby or volleyball. Being part of a team is also a good way of making new friends as most clubs have weekly or monthly socials. Another great way of keeping fit is dance. I personally find this is the best and most enjoyable way of keeping slim. There are lots of different styles of dance taught at Southampton: hip hop, street, ballroom, pole, jazz and ballet, to name a few. Check out the Bunfight to hear more about dance at Southampton and I suggest you sign up and get dancing! If you are the more adventurous, outdoorsy type then why not try a watersport? You can kayak, sail, windsurf or canoe and at the same time see beautiful areas of Hampshire that can only be seen from the water. You may be looking for something a bit more extreme, in that case there are lots of activities to choose from: para and hang gliding, sky diving, gliding and many more. These will give you a thrill

and burn the fat at the same time. Turn to the sports section for more information on the sporting facilities on offer at the university. If you are having a bad hair day and do not feel like going out to your dance class or sport club session then a great way to get your daily exercise is to invest in a fitness DVD. There are lots of different DVD’s on offer that give you a great work out in your own room or living room. It can also be a social thing, getting your housemates involved, jumping, lunging and punching together! You will burn the calories without knowing. Of course you can always exercise for free by walking or riding your bike instead of taking the bus or a taxi. Regular fast walking not only strengthens your bones and tones your legs but improves your energy levels too. So you arrive at your lectures energised and ready for the new day. So, lifestyle suggests that you get to the Bunfight, sign up to lots of email lists and get physical!

Freshers Health A Short Guide to Sussing out those Common Student Illnesses Jenni Palmer

Karma has a cruel sense of humour. As exhilarating as Freshers Week is, when it is over your health can suffer in what seems like punishment for seven or more days of excess. Of course there is the possible (okay, likely) bout of the infamous Freshers Flu which could stop you in your tracks for a few days, but new and returning students are particularly vulnerable to several other illnesses too. Here’s a brief guide to spotting the symptoms and getting them sorted:

Freshers Flu

Thanks to thousands of new bodies coming together, Freshers is a hotbed for infection resulting in outbreaks of flu and other illnesses. There is little you can do to avoid this unless you never leave your room, so do not panic! Just try to eat as healthily as possible, preferably including some vitamin C in your diet (oranges, broccoli and kiwis are great sources). If you are struck down, have lots of rest and keep your fluids up. Take paracetamol for your temperature and indulge in feeling sorry for yourself. Be extra vigilant with flu-like symptoms this year due to the prevalence of Swine Flu. If you feel feverish and have a high temperature or cough, runny nose, headache, sore throat, aches and chills call the National Pandemic Flu Service on: 0800 1513 100 or visit: http://direct.gov.uk/pandemicflu first before visiting a doctor.

Glandular Fever

Take Advantage of Credit-Crunched Prices Around Southampton

Also known as the ‘kissing disease’, glandular fever is passed on through coughing, sneezing and saliva. Symptoms are, helpfully, also flu-like and are accompanied by a sore throat, swollen tonsils and swollen glands sometimes in the armpit and groin. There is no known cure, however if you have previously had the illness you will be immune from infection. Go to see a doctor for a check-up and then rest until recovery begins.

Jenni Palmer

STDs

Illustration: Todd Geary - Winchester School of Art

Eat out for Less than Take-out Even with a severely low post-Freshers’ bank balance, it’s still nice to treat yourself once in a while to something other than value beans or Super noodles and have someone else cook for a change. That usually means hitting one of the many takeaways or fast food joints, rather than going out for a sit-down meal, because surely this is the cheaper option. Not necessarily. The hospitality and leisure sector has been hit extremely hard by the credit crunch with figures from PricewaterhouseCoopers showing that restaurant closure accounted for 45% of all business failures in the three months before last Christmas. For the survivors profits are

down, even Gordon Ramsay’s strapped for cash! This is bad news for restaurants, but better news for the consumer as both independent and chain dining outlets are now offering ‘value meals’ at a fraction of their pre-crunch prices in an attempt to regain customers and boost profits. At the time of print, J D Wetherspoon is advertising 14 super-cheap meals including lasagne and fish and chips from £2.99. The Stile on University Road serves up generous portions, with a selection of dishes under £4. Checking online can be fruitful for the frugal too, with Studentbeans.com issuing coupons for offers such as 2 for 1 at Bella Italia and even £1 meals at ASK. Local restaurants too are promoting meal deals with dock o’ the bay on The Avenue offering two

courses for £10.95 on its evening menu. It seems strange that restaurants with such great offers still suffer while fast food establishments, whose prices have not dropped so dramatically, remain busy. Perhaps it is our expectation to pay more for a meal in a place where you will spend more than five minutes eating. That is certainly not true anymore. Instead, look further than the nearest takeaway to find a filling meal for less than a Big Mac meal or feed a group of four for less than an extra large pizza or a selection of Chinese dishes. It’s definitely worth choosing a restaurant over a take-out as once the economic gloom clears, prices will climb and, what’s more, while a trip out may be necessary, there will be no washing up!

We have all seen the adverts on television of those couples with ‘Chlamydia’ or ‘Gonorrhoea’ sown into their clothes. Although it might seem a bit absurd, they do make a really good point: minimise the risk of both pregnancy and getting a Sexually Transmitted Disease (STD) by using condoms every time. For information about STDs visit: http://www.condomessentialwear.co.uk If you are worried that you may have picked something up from someone, go for a check-up at a sexual health or GUM clinic. Remember: condoms are available free of charge from your GP as well as family planning and GUM clinics. You can now also get them free from the Sabbatical office in building 40.


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Go on, Take a Bite! What if Adam had not given into Eve’s Temptation? Sarah Colah Be honest, when we think of peer pressure, a picture of that fat and socially awkward kid in school who would do anything to fit in with the ‘cool’ kids usually comes to mind. We believe that peer pressure only happens at school, in our adolescence when all we wanted was to fit in and not to stand out. Yet research has shown that peer pressure is not just constrained to the classroom. It is in our nature as humans to want to conform to social norms in order to fit with whatever environment we are in. Our nature tells us that if we conform to these norms then we will be approved by our contemporaries. Peer Pressure is always there. Especially at university.

The media has painted a binge drinking, carefree, promiscuous picture of ‘the student’. In today’s society we let the media dictate to us, telling us how to live our lives, unconsciously striving to conform to this model. You are probably reading this and thinking, ‘that’s not me, I don’t follow the crowd’. But everyone is guilty of it. Like when you didn’t really feel like going out and drinking but your friends chanted “oh come on, everyone’s going out, you can’t stay in and be boring, we’re going to get so trashed its going to be great!” and you caved.

A study carried out in the 1950’s shows that the effects of peer pressure is often subconscious and therefore completely beyond our control. The psychologist Solomon Asch conducted an experiment where he asked a group of six people to pick one of three lines displayed on a screen that was the same length as a line on a card they were given. Obviously an easy task, everyone quickly agreed on the correct answer every time. However, when five of the people were secretly told to intentionally choose the wrong answer, the last person went along with their obviously incorrect response nearly one-third of the time! This shows that when it comes to peer pressure,

we doubt ourselves and are easily influenced by the power of the majority. The philosopher Soren Kierkegaard once stated that: ‘Truth always rests with the minority, and the minority is always stronger than the majority, because the minority is generally formed by those who really have an opinion, white the strength of the majority is illusory, formed by the gangs who have no opinion.’ So, is there no such thing as an independent mind? Even though we cannot ever escape the powers of the majority, we must be aware of what is happening so that we can be extra careful in listening to our gut instincts. We can exercise independent thinking and not being completely influenced by our peers, even though it goes against our very nature, as proved by Adam who first caved into peer pressure and took that deadly bite. If you have been affected by this or any other article, NightLine is the confidential listening service provided by SUSU.

Lifestyle

Recipe of the month Cod with Olives and Sweet Peppers 4x150g pieces cod 2 red peppers.Sliced 1 onion. Sliced 1 clove garlic. Chopped 1 tbs capers 20 (ish) black olives 4 tbs olive oil 1 lemon - Pre-heat oven to 220C/gas mark 7. - Finely cut the onion. - Cut the red peppers into thin slices. - Put 2 tbs of olive oil into a medium saucepan - Add the onion and peppers and cook over medium/high heat for 12 to 15 minutes. The peppers should be soft and slightly browned. - Add the chopped garlic, olives and capers and cook over low heat for another minute. - Put the remaining olive oil in a roasting pan and add the cod. Season well. - Cook the fish for 8 minutes or until it flakes easily and is no longer translucent. - Serve the fish on warmed plates with the peppers and a wedge of lemon.

Top Cooks Tip: New potatoes or crusty bread go really well with this dish.


Fashion

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London Fashion turns 25!

Ever the narcissistic, party hard patriots, the British Fashion Industry went nuts, naturally, for the Autumn/Winter 2009 shows to celebrate 25 years of British Fashion. The London love was channelled through various outlets of affection ranging from unique underground artistry from renowned British designers such as Paul Smith and Christopher Bailey, to Boris Johnson banging on about how proud he is of the identity British fashion has carved for itself. Also worthy of the Mayor’s mention was the return of Burberry to London Fashion Week. Despite being one of London’s biggest and best design houses, Burberry have always shown their collections in Milan, until the genius Christopher Bailey decided there really is no place like home. Find out how they went down in the next issue when Lucy reports on the iconic status of Burberry, from an exclusive presentation at Selfridges. Meanwhile, show some love yourself and pick up an adorable Union Jack clutch bag from Accessorize.

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GET LEGLESS this Autumn with Pretty Polly & House of Holland’s quirky numbers - only £10!

Coco Avant Chanel Tautou est tres Chic! Lucy Austen Chanel’s later life is well known: as France’s premier women’s haute couture fashion designer, she mixed her career in Paris with working as a Nazi collaborator during World War Two. Today, Chanel is probably the most recognised designer brand in the world, with the empire expanding as far as cosmetics, perfume and even ski wear. Current designer Karl Lagerfeld has stayed true to much of Coco’s orignal brand identity and even lent a hand in styling the film. Yet until now, little has been widely known or publicised of her formative years which led to her success. Coco Avant Chanel showcases the undisputable talents of France’s leading lady, with Audrey Tautou chronicling the early life of Gabrielle ‘Coco’ Chanel. Over the summer, the film became an international success. Tautou was always the natural choice to play the lead role; with her gamine face, love for Chanel’s simple, elegant chic clothing and quietly confident presence, Tautou translates Chanel’s reticent personality with aplomb. She acts as courtesan to wealthy racehorse owner Etienne Balsan, before heeding the advice of one his other mistresses and striking out on her own. With the help of wealthy businessmen and primary love interest Arthur ‘Boy’ Capel, she sets up her own business and so Chanel is born. Anne Fontaine’s first foray into costume drama is as convincing as it is beautiful; with its impeccable period details, subtle compositions and engaging love story Coco Avant Chanel succeeds where many celebrity biopics fail.

It seems designers have been taking a walk on the wild side recently, and shall we say, getting in touch with their animal instincts. Ok, the pun’s can stop there, but seriously, our furry friends are popping up all over the shop, quite literally. This isn’t about the odd patch of leopard print. Nor does it refer to Roberto Cavalli’s lifelong obsession with animal skin or the never ending high street Poly-Lycra copies. Something else is going on. Designers are becoming actively obsessed with entire animal figures, skins and taxidermied bodies. Well, fashion has never been an industry for understatement. It all started last season when Christopher Kane sent girls down the runway in T-shirts emblazened with giant close-ups of howler monkeys. Rhianna (or more likely, her stylist) was quick to take note; as did many of us average girls after Kane’s diffusion line and the crocodile version hit Topshop last week. Hipster Alexander Wang seems to be a fan of the crocs too, though more so when they are dead and in the form of his sharpshouldered, high polished jackets. Even so, the ‘it’ girls are not complaining. Nick Knight, one of the industry’s most beloved photographers, has added a seven foot stuffed tiger, frozen in mid-attack, to his SHOWstudio exhibition of fashion props. Previ-

www. fashionair. co.uk

ously used in the Alexander McQueen for Puma advertisement, bidding on the tiger starts at £50,000. Never a nation to shy away from the animal butchery, the Roland Moret snakeskin leggings were one of the pieces drawing the sharpest squeals from the front row of Paris Fashion Week this Autumn. However, it seems the French may actually be embracing a softer touch after the ravaging success of the completely ridiculous Louis Vuitton Bunny Ears. Taking structured silk in beautiful jewel tones, Marc Jacobs announces boredom with scarves and decides twisting them around the models heads à la Thumper, was a much better idea. Always one to jump on the bandwagon of youth, Vuitton campaign hag Madonna thought of them as the perfect red carpet accessory. Of course, they could not bring us Thumper without his darling BFF Bambi skipping along to steal the show. Featuring alongside model Sigrid Agren and some of his woodland bird friends, Bambi is a star in his own right in the new Stella McCartney campaign. Most likely serving as a subliminal PETA message, (everybody knows Stella likes to hammer home the four-legged love); but even so, I am only surprised he has not cropped up as a fashion icon until now. With those huge doe eyes and pro-ana legs, he would be quite at home with the rest of the men on the Paris catwalk.

Animal Instincts

Hannah Pratt

Only a matter of months until Zara online is finally launched at the end of next summer.

FASHION MEMO

To keep yourself happy in the meantime, check out the brand new Miss Selfridge store in West Quay for hardcore biker jackets and pretty floral prints


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Golding Biography Surprise Light Cast on Lord of the Flies Caroline Evans This month saw the release of a shocking new biography on the well respected author of Lord of the Flies. Not only does it detail William Golding’s attempt to rape a 14-year-old girl when he was just 18, but it also talks of his experiments with his classes at Bishop Wordsworth’s school, in Salisbury. Golding would set groups of boys against one another to see how they would interact, a real life Lord of the Flies experiment. These revelations make the line between fact and fiction even more blurred. Lord of the Flies causes readers to question the true innocence of childhood and whilst some truth can be seen in what is written, it was comforting to know that it was fiction. The biography’s revelation that it is based on real life conflict in a classroom may unnerve a reader as the disgusting behaviour becomes bona fide. Innocence seems dead now that these characters have been made almost real. Golding himself said his characters had a ‘monstrous’ aspect. Would it be naive for a reader to think that it is only the boys exposure to the isolation that made them behave in such a way? This is not the first time that a novel has been based on real life: take any popular novels detailing heart break and murder in every day circumstances, or flick to the national papers to hear about parties in Afghanistan ‘comparable to the anarchy in William Golding’s Lord of the Flies’. It seems that the monster that we so love to read about is not as fictitious as we would like to think. But does the reality of the characters ruin the read? It seems important that we believe

Art

Arts in the City

such happenings as those in Lord of the Flies as fictional because otherwise all remains of innocence are lost. Even William Blake’s vision of experience seems innocent in these modern times of constant devastation. But perhaps that is what human nature is: a progression to self destruction, where fiction is merely the means to express such fears.

Zineb Sedira 22 Sept - 4 Nov John Hansard Gallery

The Sound of Music 29 Sept - 24 Oct Mayflower Theatre

Moby Dick 29 Sept- 3 Oct Nuffield Theatre

Black Gold 1 Oct - 22 Nov

Southampton City Art Gallery

BP Portrait Award 2 Oct - 22 Nov Southampton City Art Galllery

Dreams of Violence 6 Oct - 10 Oct Nuffield Theatre

SUSU Theatre Lords it up at the Fringe

Southampton Students Perform Terry Pratchett’s Lords and Ladies at Edinburgh Fringe Alexis Forss

Southampton’s Lords and Ladies got a Little Chilly on the Streets of Edinburgh

Edinburgh in August. The top floor of Adam House on Chambers Street is a fire-damaged, dilapidated loft, putting one in mind of the sort of milieu where absinthe-addled artists and poets would have hung out in fin-de-siècle Paris. It is known as The Squat. It was here that I witnessed members of the York-based immersive theatre company Belt Up! demonstrate their new devised piece for a small, word-of-mouth audience. Chalk-faced actors dressed as a bizarre ensemble of doctors, nurses and straight-jacketed asylum inmates milled about mumbling incoherently, occasionally gurgling, as an uncannily creepy child read random definitions from a dictionary before tearing out and chewing up the offending pages. Afterwards I found myself drinking with members of the award-winning company, and receiving advice from them on pushing the boundaries of theatre. Taking place over three weeks every August, the Edinburgh Fringe is the world’s largest arts festival. Over the last few years, SUSU Theatre Group has sent plays as diverse as Brecht’s The Resistible Rise of Arturo Ui and Stoppard’s The Real Inspector Hound to the Fringe. In 2008 I fell completely in love with Edinburgh and the Fringe. This year Theatre Group presented Terry Pratchett’s Lords and Ladies and Mary O’Malley’s Once

a Catholic. Not being involved in either production wasn’t going to stop me making my way up north, and by the time I arrived in Edinburgh on Sunday the 16th of August the cast and crew of both shows had already been up there for almost two weeks and won positive reviews as well as playing to impressively-sized audiences. This year also saw the first appearance of SUSU Comedy Society at the Fringe, performing the completely original sketch show Something Else. ‘The sketches are original, intelligent and absurd with likeable actors’ was the verdict of the Fringe-goers’ bible, Three Weeks. The heart and soul of The Fringe is undoubtedly the Royal Mile, through which one cannot move without getting swamped by performers proffering flyers for their shows. Street performers are to be seen up and down its length. No two trips along the Mile are ever the same, as you never know whether you will be greeted by the sight of a contortionist, escape artist or a procession of bowler hat-wearing youths out of A Clockwork Orange. This is where members of SUSU Theatre Group were to be found daily, in costume, promoting their shows between performances. Going to Edinburgh for The Fringe is an experience that I would recommend unreservedly to anyone. Whether you perform or spectate, there is something for everyone. I’m already saving up for next year.


Science

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iGEM is an exciting and fast expanding international undergraduate competition. It stems from the novel field of Synthetic Biology, with the aim to produce novel biological life forms. The competition is designed to introduce the primary concepts underlying Synthetic Biology. Each team participating in the competition is sent an identical kit of varying biological parts, BioBricks, to create a living, working system. After a hectic summer in the lab creating the

Students Design Game of Life

system, the teams congregate at the Jamboree at Massachusetts Institute of Technology to present their results, and be judged on their findings. Back at Southampton University, we have focused on the quorum sensing mechanism in bacteria. Quorum sensing can define the process whereby when activated by a stimulus, bacteria give out a standard signal response. This allows for communication within the population. Using this method of bacterial communication, we have designed two systems which demonstrate the classic games ‘Rock-Paper-Scissors’ and ‘Conway’s Game of Life’. John Conway’s Game of Life is a popular representation of cellular automata, a model that can be programmed to show a specific movement or behaviour of a bacterium. Once initiated, the simulation proceeds without further input. Our aim

is to utilize the basic idea of the Game to develop a system involving two separate plasmids, vectors arising from DNA molecules in bacteria, which are separate to the chromosomal DNA. These cells will then fluoresce, imitating the game. When one cell is turned ‘on’, e.g. once it fluoresces, it should then turn on other cells surrounding it, which will initiate a chain reaction. Therefore we should be able to initiate and therefore control the creation of patterns produced by the oscillating bacteria. Everyone knows the popular game Rock-PaperScissors, whereby the players aim to produce a gesture that will defeat that of their opponent. Our parallel project is to re-create this idea within the bacteria E. coli, by coordinating the communication between three different bacterial cells. Each bacterium should be able to disable the primary plasmid of a specific opponent cell, e.g.

Claire Scott

paper over rock, scissors over paper etc., whilst simultaneously enduring the attacks of their rival cells. Each bacteria will fluoresce a different colour, like rock will show as red, and as each bacteria ‘loses’ the colour expression will turn off, theoretically resulting in one colour remaining. We are aiming to receive a gold medal at the competition Jamboree, one of the requirements involving the production of an entirely novel BioBrick. Sounds relatively simple, however we have spent two weeks on this one part so far and have still yet to accomplish it! We will only find out the outcome of all our effort after the Jamboree at the end of October, until then, our progress can be tracked via our Wikipedia page: http://2009.igem.org/Team:Southampton

Mountbatten Site Finally Open For Business Local Science Event - Solar Neutrino Lecture Jon Siebert After what seems to be an eternity the University of Southampton and the School of Electronics and Computer Science have finally opened its stateof-the-art facility for nanofabrication and characterisation in the new Mountbatten site on the 9th September 2009. The old ECS building was lost in a fire back in 2005. The new construction includes the latest cleanroom facilities and also boasts an Orion

Microscope, which uses helium ions rather than electrons to generate signals so that it can distinguish features smaller than a micron. Guest speaker Professor Ian Diamond, Chair of Research Councils UK, described it as a ‘beautiful building’ and said that he felt sure that ‘this new facility will result in the University continuing to win a very high number of grants from the research councils’. The new Mountbatten building will open doors and opportunities that will enable the University to become a world leader in nanotechnology.

The University of Portsmouth are holding a series of lectures for the general public interested in Science. The first of these lectures is being given by David Wark, a professor of high-energy physics at Imperial College. He is a leading expert in Neutrino Physics. Neutrinos have the smallest mass ever measured yet still manage to affect the entire universe. It is thought that further research into neutrinos may possibly solve one of the most persistent mysteries in cosmology – where did the matter come from?


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The Week’s Sport for Thought What’s Going on in Sport in Southampton and Around the World

Top Ten British Sporting Moments...

#10 TORVILL AND DEAN’S BOLERO Each issue, Wessex Sport takes you through one of the top ten moments in British sporting history.

WHAT: Jayne Torvill and Christopher Dean skate to victory at the 1984 Winter Olympics

OBEs a year later. The pair performed on ITV’s ‘Dancing on Ice’ to commemorate the Bolero’s 25th anniversary in 2009. The pair now appear regularly on ‘Dancing on Ice’ offering professional criticism and coaching to the celebrity contestents.

WHERE: Olympic Hall Zetra, Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina WHEN: 14th February 1984 With more than 24 million people watching with baited breath, Torvill and Dean scored maximum points for their intimate, sensual performance of Ravel’s Bolero at the 1984 Winter Olympics. Scoring 12 out of a possible 18 sixes, the couple mesmerised Britain and the world with their St. Valentine’s Day victory. Following their performance, the pair received a standing ovation from the 8,500 spectators, which included Princess Anne. Of their performance, Christopher Dean said; “I think it was the most emotional performance we have ever given. What just happened out there -getting the medals, that is what we’ve worked so hard for, for so long”. The pair were sent a telegramme from the Queen to commend their dazzling performance, and went on to be awarded

Solent Scores a Winner with New Football Centre Charlotte Woods

Southampton Solent University marked the opening of their new Football Research Centre with a grand opening ceremony last week. Guests included Minister for Sport Gerry Sutcliffe and a number of key representatives from organisations such as the FA, the Premier League and the Football League. The postive press generated by the unveiling of the new centre comes as a welcome change from the current press coverage Southampton Solent has been receiving after news that it was at the bottom of the league table in the Sunday Times University Guide. The Lawrie McMenemy Football Research Centre (LMFRC) has been opened in recognition of the Solent’s reputation as a leading provider of football related academic study. The academic programmes at the University provide expert research and consultancy support for the football industry in a number of key areas – including management, and foreign player involvement. McMenemy said:

honoured to put my name “I’m and lend my experience to a centre that will benefit the football industry. ” Jayne Torvill and Christopher Dean

The centre looks set to change the fortune of the University. Hopefully, it will generate an entirely different outcome in next year’s league tables.

Sport

KMPG AND AU IN SPONSORSHIP DEAL Tim Clancy If there are any letters that are as important as A and U for sportsmen and women at Southampton University this year, they are K, P, M and G. This is because accountancy top dogs KPMG have teamed up with the Athletic Union to provide a sponsorship deal that will enhance the experiences of a huge number of athletes studying in Southampton. The sponsorship will see KPMG representatives become a familiar presence around the 10,000 student-strong Athletic Union, with KPMG’s logo appearing on circular emails and at events such as the Bunfight. The benefits to both parties extend far beyond financial gains. Both KPMG and the Athletic Union pride themselves on helping students and graduates to grow and develop outside of their studies. Caroline Johnston of KPMG expanded on this. ‘We firmly believe it is positive for students to pursue activities outside of their studies as it assists in building relationships, leadership and employability.’ The fact that KPMG have a genuine interest in investing in not only the Athletic Union as a publicity tool, but also investing in the wellbeing and futures of its members, reinforces the positive influences KPMG will have throughout the Athletic Union over the next year. Caroline Johnston added that ‘we are delighted to support the AU and look forward to seeing how the sponsorship helps the AU grow and develop’. One of the clubs that will be benefitting directly from KPMG’s involvement with University sport is Southampton University Cricket Club. KPMG and SUCC have agreed a deal that will see KPMG sponsoring the cricket club’s playing shirts, social shirts and website for the next year. The deal is demonstrative of the way in which clubs should be looking to fund their own activities, and not rely solely on their Athletic Union budget. This is particularly relevant for the SUCC, who are one of the few clubs to have a full programme of training and matches in all three terms, rather than being active either before or after the Easter break. This should see the cricket club cement their position as one of the largest and most successful clubs in the South of England. With the hundreds of students who form club committees, as well as those who take additional responsibilities concerned with running a successful club, it is easy to imagine KPMG looking to the Athletic Union to provide their next generation of graduate employees. Southampton’s sportsmen and women should count themselves lucky to have a sneak peak at the type of company KPMG is. Voted by the Sunday Times as the ‘Best Big Company to Work For’, KPMG pride themselves on their philosophy, which states that the ‘people make the place’. This is made a reality by a number of flexible working opportunities and chances for sabbaticals. Whether you are a fresher or a third year, KPMG offer a number of great prospects in audit, tax and advisory across Europe. Southampton students should take stock of the graduate opportunities offered by KPMG. The new sponsorship deal means that anybody who may be considering a career with KPMG will this year be in a prime position to open the door to their future. KPMG are the official sponsors of Southampton University Athletic Union and Southampton University Cricket Club. 


Sport

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Welcome Freshers, to the Annual SUSU

BUNFIGHT The Bunfight is the biggest event of the year for the AU, as all the clubs come together to sign up new members. Whether you are interested in recreational clubs, high performance sports or just want to stay fit, there is something available for everyone. So take the time to walk around, ask questions and get involved! The following pages showcase some of the more obscure sports available to you at the University of Southampton. You can find representatives from these clubs and many more at the bunfight so make sure you don’t miss it!

Cheerleading: Southampton’s Vixens are a national level cheerleading squad whose motto is to ‘work hard, play hard.’ All squad members show outstanding dedication to sport and take their position as a Vixen very seriously. However, there is always a fun element to everything Vixens do and they are well known for their unrivalled ‘cheer spirit’. Vixens are lively, enthusiastic, and show a genuine passion for Cheerleading. The team comprises 3 squads; the Dance Squad, the Game Day squad and the Competition Cheer Squad,which altogether comprise over 100 members. Tryouts will be held at the end of October and new members are always welcome!

www.freewebs.com/southamptonvixencheerleaders

Paintballing: SUP is the University of Southampton’s very own paintballing club! They go out, play hard and come home covered in paint, mud and a few bruises. SUP is an all-inclusive club; whether you are a battle-hardened veteran or completely new to the sport, everyone can go along and have fun. SUP endeavour to make paintballing as cheap as possible for members and also enjoy a great level of competitiveness and friendly rivalry... So give it a go. It won’t hurt... Much!

http://bit.ly/2Ci2jm

Caving: The Caving society have grown year upon year, with next year set to follow the trend. With frequent weekends away organised throughout the year, the small committee works tirelessly to ensure the success of the expeditions. You can expect; teaching in caving and safety, all the equipment you need, weekends away and a fantastic group of people to get to know.

www.sucaving.co.uk


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Sport

Tchoukball:

A totally unique team sport. Anticipation and intelligence of all facets of the game are required, as is good athletic ability. With just a 5 minute explanation of tchoukball it is possible to start playing. The ‘basics’ of tchoukball are simple, with throwing and catching at the heart of the game. No physical contact is allowed, so teams can be mixed. So if you want to try a new sport, go along and try it out!

www.tchoukball.susu.org

Fencing: The Fencing Club offer a welcoming and enthusiastic environment for beginners and experienced fencers, with the opportunity to fence competitively in a team and in individual events, with the further prospect of fencing abroad. A very successful start to last season saw the fencers winning their first 4 matches, one of them by 39 points! The club caters for fencers of all abilities, from novice to pro.The team also enjoy regular socials!

www.sufencing.com

American Football: The Stags are rapidly becoming one of the top American Football teams in the country, attracting over 100 spectators a game and supplying an astounding 15 people to the GB squad! This squad will happily train you up from a complete beginner (rookie) to GB squad member! The Southampton Stags are one of the most dominant teams in the BUAFL and welcome all new Southampton Athletes to try out for the team. The team train at Wide Lane on Tuesday and Thursday nights and Sunday mornings when there are no games.

www.stags.org.uk

Goju Ryu Karate: The Goju RYU Karate club are the University’s only Karate club to take part in BUCS competitions. However, not every member is expected to compete if they do not wish to, with the option of working on forms and strength techniques from a beginners level also on offer. They are dedicated, hard working and open training to any student who wants to get involved. The club meet on Mondays and Wednesdays and will be available at the bunfight to answer any questions that you might have.

http://www.soton.ac.uk/~gojuryu

Para and Hang Gliding: Whether you have never heard of this sport, or if you are a seasoned pro, the Para and Hang Gliding club can train you and offer you free use of all the kit to glide and fall as you wish. There are fantastic professional courses on offer that can provide everything you need to get completely involved with this sport and take it to the extreme!

www.soton.ac.uk/~pas/fly

Come to the Bunfight on Wednesday 30th September 10.00 am - 3.00 pm (If you miss it, visit sport.susu.org)


Issue 1

WessexSport www.wessexscene.co.uk

A Sporting Summer Summary

From Wimbledon Woes to Ashes Heroes; from Missed Putts to Goal Gluts: Wessex Sport gives a Review of the 2009 Summer of Sport

Thursday 24th September 2009

A Word from your AU President

What is the AU? The Athletic Union is the governing body of all sports clubs here at the University. Although that sounds very official, we are a student led group within the Students' Union who are here entirely for student sport. As AU President, I am here to represent your interests in sport and provide support to all sport club committees throughout the year. I work with the AU Officer, Will Harvey, and the newly elected AU Exec to make sure we are working to improve the AU and provide the best sporting experience for students here at Southampton. Above all, the AU is about sport and everything that is great about it. We love the feeling of a win on a Wednesday, the camaraderie of being part of a club, the experience of going on tour and of course, the friendships built along the way.

Usain Bolt

Will Dalton

With a grand slam in tennis, a major in the world of golf, World Championships in athletics, an Ashes test series in cricket and the onset of the new football season, sports fans have barely had need to leave the comfort of their armchair over the past three months. All eyes turned to Wimbledon in June, with Murray responding to his new found popularity most notably in a thrilling 4th round win against Stanislas Wawrinka that had centre court rocking under its new roof. Murray went on to dispatch Juan Carlos Ferrero in the quarter-finals before falling at an Andy Roddick-shaped hurdle in the semis. This set up a Roddick - Federer final which saw Swiss maestro Federer triumph in a marathon five setter that lasted an incredible 4 hours and 17 minutes. The final outclassed any in recent history, with the final set finishing an epic 16-14 in games to Federer, now seen by many as the greatest player of all time. In July it was golf’s turn under the sporting spotlight as the Open Championships took place at Turnberry. The story of the tournament was undoubtedly provided by Tom Watson, the 59 year old who came within one putt of winning the championships. A wonderful and consistent four days of golf saw him leading the field at the 18th on the final day, before Stewart Cink beat a weary Watson in a one sided play off. Berlin then took centre stage for the Athletics World Championships, with one particular Jamaican keeping suspense levels unbearably

England Winning the Ashes

high. Smashing records left, right and centre, Usain Bolt rode to three gold medals and set a new world record of 9.58 seconds in the 100 metres. The success of Britain’s Jessica Ennnis and Phillip Idowu made for spectacular viewing with each winning a gold medal in the heptathalon and triple-jump respectively. During all of this, the Ashes was once again taking place on our shores, as England’s cricket team strived to avenge the 5-0 hammering they took in Australia in 2007. In a tense series often bereft of real quality, they managed to do just that. England owed much of their success to the inspired captaincy of Andrew Strauss but, unsurprisingly, the retiring Flintoff was again the media’s hero of the hour, continually fighting off injury to aid the England cause. However, in Stuart Broad, who was equally as impressive throughout the series, it appears that England have a more than capable replacement for the departing hero. Football fans witnessed one of the most entertaining transfer windows in history. Significantly, Manchester City achieved notable media coverage of their conquests. At some stages it appeared that manager Mark Hughes was planning to field something of a 1-1-8 formation as Emmanuel Adebayor, Carlos Tevez and Roque Santa Cruz joined the likes of Robinho and Craig Bellamy. But the shrewd acquisitions of Gareth Barry, Joleon Lescott and Kolo Toure have stabilised and balanced a City side that has made a strong start and many feel has realistic ambitions of a top-four finish and Champions League spot. Only Real Madrid, with club President Florentino Perez back at the helm, hell-bent on reigniting the

Cristiano Ronaldo

era of ‘Los Galacticos’, could match City. Real Madrid smashed their own world record for a transfer fee and then smashed that once more for good measure. Brazilian playmaker Kaka arrived from AC Milan for a staggering £56 million, but the stakes were raised to what Bobby Charlton aptly described as ‘vulgar’ proportions in the £80 million deal that finally saw Cristiano Ronaldo arrive at the Bernabeu. Any hopes Chelsea may have had to keep apace with the spending spree of their European rivals were dashed thanks to a 16-month transfer ban imposed on the club by FIFA. The signing of French wonder kid Gael Kakuta in 2007 was judged to have been conducted illegally, as a result, Roman Ambramovich’s roubles will be staying in his pocket until January 2011. England’s thumping 5-1 victory over Croatia at Wembley ensured qualification for next summer’s World Cup in South Africa, and on this showing, Fabio Capello’s outfit will be widely tipped as potential tournament winners. As the sun began to set on the summer of sport, South Africa cemented their place at the top of the rugby world order by beating off New Zealand and Australia in this year’s Tri-Nations. The crown was sealed in Hamilton as the Springboks held off a spirited Kiwi fight-back to triumph 32-29, making them champions for the first time since 2004. In Formula 1, Jenson Button has been trying to cement his place at the top of the Driver’s Championship. Impressively taking the mantle from Lewis Hamilton, Button currently leads teammate Rubens Barrichello, as he bids to become the second British champion in as many years.

Cheers, Allan 'Bermuda'

Comments

Welcome to the new look edition of Wessex Sport. This Issue is our first venture into the world of Sports Journalism, so please be patient whilst we try to perfect our skills. If you are a budding writer with something to contribute, or if you are looking for a story for us to assign you, please send us an email at sport@wessexscene.co.uk so that we can add you to our writers list. Alternatively, come and visit us at the Bunfight for more information. If you are a club or team and you would like to see your match reports in Wessex Sport, please send us an email before your game or match and we will be happy to feature you. If you feel that you have an article that needs writing, with only a tenuous link to sport, please still contact us. We are looking to make Wessex Sport a section that caters for everybody, whether or not you thought you liked sport! So, any articles that are about the implications of sport in the wider world that you feel are interesting, drop us an email. Thanks, Dan and Char


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