WEDNESDAY, SEPTEMBER 24, 2014 • THE BULLETIN
EarthCache trail teaches
FISHING REPORT ANTELOPEFLATRESERVOIR: Fishing has been good for trout ranging from10to17 inches long; however, the quality of the flesh isn't very good due to the warm water. The water level is a couple offeet belowtheend of the gravel portion of the ramp. CLEAR LAKE: Water levels continue to be get lower in Clear Lake. No recent reports on fishing. CRANE PRAIRIERESERVOIR: Anglers report good fishing for trout. Closed from one hour after sunset until one hour before sunrise. CROOKED RIVERBELOW BOWMAN DAM:Fishing has been consistently good. Anglers are reminded that trout over 20 inches are considered steelhead and must be released unharmed. EAST LAKE:Anglers report fair fishing. Catch-and-release for all rainbow trout that DONOThave an adipose-fin clip. FALL RIVER:Anglers report good fishing. Restricted to flyfishing only with barbless hooks. Anglers who catch a tagged hatchery trout with a colored
geology of Missouri River By Erin Madison The (Mont.) Great Falls Tribune
FORT BENTON, Mont. Just down the river from Fort Benton stands Signal Point. -
The knob along the Missouri River is made up of glacier till, deposited during multiple periods in geologic history when much of the area was covered in glaciers. Signal Point i s s everal miles from the Missouri Riv-
er Interpretive Center in Fort
Benton and also likely several miles from the nearest rang-
Erin Madison/The (Mont ) Great Falls Tribune
er. But thanks to a new Earth-
Floaters look for EarthCache sites on the Missouri River near Fort Cache trail, floaters still can Benton, Montana. The Upper Missouri Breaks Interpretive Center learn about the geology of the recently established an EarthCache trail along the Wild and Scenic
site as if they were floating with a ranger or geologist.
Upper Missouri River.
T he M i ssouri R i ver I n terpretive C e nter r e c ently to sign. Instead, EarthCach- Upper Missouri River Earthlaunched an E a r thCache ers get credit for visiting a site C ache Trail, a long w i t h trail, featuring 19 EarthCache by proving they were there. EarthCache sites worldwide, " You have t o a n swer a are listed on GeoCaching. sites through the Upper Missouri Breaks. question that you can't ancom. Before leaving on a float T he W i l d a nd Sc e n i c swer unless you go there," Ja- trip, those interested in lookStretch of the Missouri Riv- cobs said. ing for the EarthCaches can er, from Fort Benton to James In the case of Signal Point, print information on EarthKipp Recreation Area, is full visitors read about glacial till Cache sites.
of amazinggeology. However, floating alone, miles from the nearest ranger, it can be difficult for visitors to learn
about that geology. That was part of the inspi-
ration behind the new Upper Missouri River E arthCache Trail, said Connie Jacobs, director of the BLM M issouri
and glacial cycles. The glacial deposits at Signal Point were accumulated 2.5 million years ago or less and are pale y ellowish-brown, light o l ive-gray or brownish-gray. In between glacial deposits are alluvial deposits. So, to prove they were there, visitors have to answer
Breaks Interpretive Center, this question: "How many who helped developed the different types of deposits do trail. you see in Signal Point?" EarthCaches are similar to
O ther sites on
the t rail
geocaches. Both can be found feature reverse faults, fossil via GPS coordinates. While beds and clinker beds, which geocaches lead searchers to a are coal beds that have been container of some sort where struck by lightning. "This is a very interesting they can sign their name on a log, EarthCaches lead people geological phenomenon," to a geological feature. Bashara said of clinker beds. "EarthCache sites are much J acobs has w o r ked f o r more educational," J acobs several years to develop the said. "It takes you to a unique Upper Missouri River Earthgeological feature." Cache Trail. Every summer Before leaving on a river since 2007, she's had a Geofloat,people can download Corps intern work on the EarthCache information, in- trail, picking sites and develcluding GPS coordinates of oping the information to go where the sites are located. with them. "These caches are really Then, when they reach one of the sites, they can read about meant to be a little enjoyable the geology from the informa- way to enhance someone's tion they downloaded ahead trip," Jacobs said. of time. Seeing these geological feaThat allows visitors to be
miles away from a ranger
tures on the land is different than learning about them in
a book or at the interpretive scape, said Ramia Bashara, a center. "You can have a basic geolGeoCorps intern through the Geological Society of Amer- ogy lesson when you're floatica who helped develop the ing down the river," Bashara EarthCache Trail. sard. "There are n o t a ngible And each site teaches visthings you actually obtain," itors about something they Bashara explained about can look for throughout the EathCaches. float. And there's no physical log The sites included on the and still learn about the land-
Ryan Brennecke/The Bulletin
Rolling Cased Caddis, courtesy Flyfishing Strategies There are all kinds and flavors of caddis, and trout eat them like candy, although they taste like soap to me.Casedcaddis build their little shelters out of gravel andbarkand can befound on the bottom of rocks. An observant angler will see themshedtheir cases as they prepare for the perilous hatch. Bill Ezell, of Hermiston, tied this pattern after catching big trout that had beenfeeding on snails and caddis in the Powder River. "Their stomachs werefull of gravel," Ezell said. That ought to tell you something about how to fish this fly. Tie the Rolling CasedCaddis on a No. 8scud or egg hook. For the tail, tie in 25-pound test monoand hit it with caulking glue. When the glue is tacky, roll the tail in sifted gravel. Build the underbody with dubbed hare's mask, then follow with white or yellow wool, wrapped sothat the brown fur shows through. Tie the head with black rabbit blended with pearl Ice Dub.
anchor tag areencouragedto report catch information to ODFW at 541-388-6363.Please do not remove the anchor tag if the fish is caught and released. Contact Erik Moberly 541-3886145 for additional information. HAYSTACKRESERVOIR: Fishing has been excellent for bass. Trout fishing has been slow. HOSMERLAKE:Anglers report fair fishing for trout. Restricted to fly angling only with barbless hooks. LAKE BILLYCHINOOK:Fishing has been excellent for bass. Anglers are reminded there are small numbers of spring chinookand summer steelhead in Lake Billy Chinook as part of the reintroduction effort. Please release these fish unharmed. Kokanee are beginning to stage in the upper end of the Metolius Arm before to spawning and are averaging 11 to 13 inches. LAKE SIMTUSTUS:Fishing for rainbow trout has been fair in the upper part of the reservoir. Anglers report catching many pikeminnow. METOLIUS RIVER:Anglers report fair dry-fly and nymph fishing. Fly-fishing only above
The information also can be accessed from a smartphone. However, most of the
sites on the EarthCache trail are outside cell service. All of the sites on the Upper Missouri River EarthCache Trail, exceptfor one, are accessible
only by boat. After stopping at Signal Point on a recent day, a group of floaters continued downstream to th e n ex t E a r thCache site. At that site, they read about
bank erosion. "Geologically s p eaking, erosionisthe gradual breakdown of earth materials by the action of wind, water and o ther natural a gents," t h e EarthCache material reads. "Rivers erode land to create
valleys. The Missouri River has been eroding this landscape for millions of years." It is one example of how dynamic the Missouri River is, said Mary Ellen Ergle, of the Lewis and Clark Interpretive Center, who was floating that
day. "You totally get to see geology in action in a landscape like this," she said.
— Gary Lewis, for TheBulletin Bridge 99. NORTH TWIN:Anglers reportfair fishing. OCHOCO CREEKUPSTREAM TO OCHOCO DAM: Angling is restricted to artificial flies and lures only; two trout per day with an 8-inch minimum length. Trout over 20 inches are considered steelhead and must be released unharmed. PAULINA LAKE: Anglers report fair fishing. Catch-and-release for all rainbow trout that DONOThave an adipose-fin clip. PINE HOLLOW RESERVOIR: The reservoir is warming up and has been stocked, and is still providing good fishing in the early morning and late evening. PRINEVILLERESERVOIR:Fishing has been slow for trout, but the fish that have been caught have been large. Bass and crappie fishing has been good. PRINEVILLEYOUTH FISHING POND:Anglers are reminded that
fishing is limited to youth 17 years old and younger. There is also a twofish bag limit. SHEVLINYOUTH FISHING POND: Two trout per day, 8-inch minimum length. Fishing restricted to anglers 17 years old and younger. SOUTH TWINLAKE:Anglers report fair fishing. TAYLORLAKE: Fishing for rainbows might be slow, but anglers can shift their efforts to largemouth bass. WALTONLAKE:Fishing has been good. WICKIUP RESERVOIR:No recent fishing reports. Restricted to flies and lures only upstream of the ODFWmarker. A blue-green algae advisory has been issued for Wickiup Reservoir. The lake remains open for fishing, but the Department of Human Services provides recommendations for how the public can protect themselves and their pets.
The EarthCache material discusses different types of
bank erosion, such as under-
cutting, sloughing, attrition
and abrasion. Then it asks
The most comprehensive visitors'
visitors, "What geologic term describes what's happening
guide in the tri-county area, this
to the banks at Evan's Bend
Primitive Campground?" So what is happening at
colorful, slick-stock-covered, information-packed magazine
E ven's Bend? F ollow t h e EarthCache trail and see for
is distributed through Central
Oregon resorts, Chambers of Commerce, hotels and other key points of interests, including
tourist kiosks across the state.
and tries to direct the fight
Continued from D1 We caught several sturgeon,including one 50-incher
prop, anchor lines and other fishermen. The angler with
I landed on a prototype Fetha Styx Chrome salmon rod that
when it wants and then gains line when he or she has the
first day and two small jack chinook. On the second day, I fished with Dave Eng and Cindy
a dvantage. When t h e
Thompson from Frank Ama-
big fish might take 20 minutes or more before it comes alongside. Cindy hooked a nice salm-
to Publications, Ben Saurman from WorkSharp in Ashland and Keith Eshbaugh and Brian Conroy from Pennsylvania. Eshbaugh owns a company called Dutch Fork Spinners, which caters to walleye fishermen. This was
away from other boats, the
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on and didn't let it get too far from the boat. On the other
Gary Lewis/ For The Bulletin
Dave Eng plays a fall chinook on the Columbia River at the mouth of the Klickitat. To net a salmon the right way, wait till the angler is guiding the fish head first to the boat.
side, Ben kept his bait in the w ater, and soon we had a
double going. I grabbed the net and gathered in first the
clears the hoop. When the fish is inside the
one and then the other. The net should be kept out of the water until the moment
net, lift the handle in a vertical
the angler has reeled down moment, the man with the net should wait, one hand on the
On our second day, our boat accounted for e ight bright chinooks that weighed between 5 and 18 pounds. There are a lot of fish in the
nows while all a r ound me
handle and the other holding
Columbia this year, and even
rods bent with salmon and
the excess web. If the net goes
nets flashed. I began to watch the guys with th e nets. In
in too soon, there's a risk the line will hit the hoop and pop
a guy in a salmon slump can get a lot of practice netting other people's fish.
the course of seven hours, I witnessed at least 30 salmon
the hook out. If the fish turns, wait till it
brought to hand and a lot of
comes back around. Aim for
others that threw the hook at the boat. A lot of times, it was the net-man that lost the fish. There is an art to it. The boat operator follows the fish
the head then push the hoop out in front of the snout.
the Pennsylvania duo's first
salmon-fishing trip. Conroy wore a sweatshirt that read: "Friends don't let friends fish for trout."
I've been in salmon slumps before,so I recognized the signs. My baits were attacked by peamouth and pikemin-
to the weight and the fish's
head is coming up. Till that
The angler with the rod should d r o p l i n e t e n sion the moment the pectoral fin
hazards. Trail maintenance is continuing in someareas, but with fall storms approaching, accumuContinued from D1 lation of blowdown is likely. Trail Trail conditions are dusty and clearing is approaching 99 percent bone dry, barring rainfall. Fire sea- completion until next year. Trail son will be in effect until there's managers are shifting gears with volunteers and asmall winter crew substantial rainfall to minimize
goes under the boat, the angler plunges the rod tip below the water to follow it. A
It is also offered to Deschutes County Expo Center visitors all year round.
the rod has to let the fish run fish
move to closethebag overthe fish then slide it into the boat.
— Gary Lewis is the host of "Frontier Unlimited TV" and author of "John Nosler — Going Ballistic," "A Bear Hunter's Guide to the Universe," "Hunting Oregon" and other
111 WAYS TO DISCOVERCENTRAL OREGON
IS ACOMPREHENSIVE GUIDE to places, events and activities taking place throughout Central Oregon during the year. Both locals as well as visitors to the area will discover the services and products your business has tooffer when you advertise in this publication.
. Ir •
titles. Contact Lewis at t/trwytr.
to prep winter trails. Gravel work will start at Benham East interpretive site in the next few days, and a trail detour is planned for the work area. Segments of the Sunriver to Lava Lands trail will be closed in October for chipping work.
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