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workflow digital workflow / software

tween all of the job be

volved in the

the people in


b the path al printed jo / describes ends with fin age ting job in pr and text and n, raster im tio es si tion of a ag po im im g digititizin proofing, / it starts with ight, colour correction, s ntrol on pres prefl / includes: and colour co atemaking, pl , ng si es proc

ons / suites

n applicati ut and desig

page layo illustration programs Illustrator FreeHand CorelDRAW

page layout programs ss Quark XPre InDesign FrameMaker

editing and retouching program Photoshop Gimp

digital im/ works with ographs ot ra ph st d illu an ex books ages apped) / for compl er itm rg la (b es s fil es le / hand -based / raster fil eg tions, vector jp ls , f, tif ua to scale them and man / psd, eps, / it is possible s of files qulaity / many type d: text, without loss of rte can be impo ans, files high-res sc g applicafrom drawin tor, Freera st tions (illu Hand)



/ this technique is to save ink and avoid drying problems on the printing press / when a subject has dark area, the four colour process will normally reproduce it using large dots of all four colours, wherelese an identical effect can be achieved using only one or two colours The tint show on the left, 90% C + 70% M + 60% Y, can be simplified - roughly - by removing all three colours at the 60% level and replacing them with a 60% black tint together with the remaining 30% C and 10% M, as shown on the right

bleeds & quiete zone / extends objects off the print area to ensure that when the paper is trimmed during the finishing process, the ink coverage extends to the edges of the paper and we don’t get any white spaces around the edges / 1.5 mm from all edges (standard products) and 3mm for booklets Remember ! / the image will be trimmed, no important information at the edge or close to the bleed line

/ when heavy dots of all four colours overprint each other, there are drying and other problems, and more ink is used than is necessary

Scanning tip

bleed example

bleed example

/ to avoid this situation, the scanner can be set to remove most of all of the magenta and yellow in the dark areas, leaving mainly black, sometimes with some cyan to improve the density

maximum ink level stock type

ink limit

coated paper


uncoated paper


quiete zone / dangerous zone / some printers require all important elements to be at least 5.5mm from the page edge (10mm for booklets) - it is called quiete zone


undercolour removal / bleeds / quiete zone / maximum ink level

undercolour removal (UCR)

/ a crossover is a printed object that extends from one page to the next

imposition / crossover / binding /


/ binding methods affect crossover position and alignment

Imposition / is the positioning of the pages in the right places on the plate / when printed they reproduce in the required order and in the correct position, with the intended margins

before binding

after binding

/ most printing machines print 4, 8, 16, 32, 48 (or multiple of these) pages


/ a group of pages printed on the same sheet, front and back

colour shift can occur when crossovers print on different forms

thicker rules help conceal misalignment

/ after printing the sheet is folded so that the pages fall in correct order

imposed 16-page signature and folded signature


ss / avoid printing important text acro be two pages, because part of it will lost in the binding unt / some designer add a small amo pass that lines head to of space so through the fold of a crossover the text will be legible te / diagonal artwork can exaggera misalignment in folding and binding / colour can print differently on oppo site sides of paper





/ use when the printer ically provides trap electron or photomechanically


und / use when the backgro ct is darker than the obje on top of it


und / use when the backgro ct on is lighter than the obje top of it

prepress fill - 100% yellow stroke - none

fill - 100% cyan stroke - none

fill - 100% yellow stroke - 1pt yellow (overprint)

fill - 100% cyan stroke - none

fill - 100% cyan stroke - 1pt yellow (overprint)

fill - 100%yellow stroke - none


ge the / overprinting can chan tedly look of a colour unexpec

with common inks / overprinting objects the overprinted reveals the topmost of mon colours, difink colours of the com t as a combinaferent colours overprin colours tion of the values of the


te / overprinting can crea new colour

without / overprinting objects s the common inks combine objects the ink values where overlap

effects additional colours and can be used to create s combines the ink nt ere diff with s our overprinting col nted value ink values in the overpri

overprinting / spread /

prep epre pr ress ss

black colour tips / because the pro cess black is trans parent, the addit of another proce ion ss colour to black is often beneficial rich black

100% black + 40

% cyan

/ on bigger areas (not on type, da nger of misregis tion which cause trablured effect)

/ uncoated pape r require careful use of colour (es cisally black), bla peck will commonly appear dull on un coated paper be cause of the abso rbency of the pa per / be aware that the absorbency means that any detail reversed ou fine t of black on this type of paper ma disappear y / we don’t recom

mend using text

smaller than 8pt / when produce d in black only, black & white ph graphs might loo otose tone and depth

colour tips / use single so lid ink (100%) to print hairline rules and text (fine elements pri nt with more tha n one colour are difficult to pri nt in register)

/ avoid creating process colours with high total coverage – the sum of the perce ntages of the four process colou rs, maximum ink coverage is 250-320% (depe nse on paper)

workflow / borders creep / hairlines

er here...

a build-up of pap

causes the ‘creep’

effect here


creep is de/ the amount of number of the s the let ok on bo pendent / in a stapled kness er thi r inn pe uses the pages and pa bulk of paper ca p) fur- / the thiker the booklet, the ee (cr d ten ex pages to porouter pages more you need to keep im ther out than the edges m fro ay aw ts tant objec when folded d the outer / when trimme the wer than pages are narro outer pages



equal border / don’t expect the border is s les on a job un 4mm or bigger siness card / trimming a bu dent l border is en ua ep eq nd m e-i 1m vic / de nt dif- with a pri y the e task. t ibl tha ss s po ost an im that mean on different alm ferent resolutions might print machines (they printer, but er las ur yo on well 2400dpi on ar pe will disap plate-setter)

irlines / try to avoid ha t) (line under 0.25p


colour bars /

printing marks

/ those rows of

colour patches you see on your prepress and pr ess proofs / give proofing and press oper ators a way to measure and co ntrol the press / colour bars ar e made out of small patches that are groupe of colours, tints d in rows acro , and patterns ss the press sh eet

solid colour patch

solid overprint patch

/ the most basic elements of a test / shows the effec image, one for ts of combining each colour individual solid -colour patches / used to me asure ink dens ities, / usually include according to red (magenta the printer’s + press yellow), blue (cy standards an + magenta green (cyan + ), yellow)

tint patch

/ is a solid colou

r patch whose colour is less than 100% / most colour ba rs include seve ral patches for different tint pe each process rcentages (US colour set at standards: 25 %, 50%, 75%) / permit the me asurement of dot gain, beca tone screens use they are cre ated by half-


Page Size / La

size is correct / product page edge ed from the page es correct ble at least 5.5mm be / page includ to nts me portant ele s require all im / some printer ne lled quiete zo ca oklets) - it is (10mm for bo the page edge tends beyond / no object ex


inter accept format the pr application / in d ate cre is / design inter accept dia type the pr standing) pplied on a me any misunder / design is su ed lud (to avoid inc e ar job t quired for tha / only files re


to CMYK e converted / all colours ar s than are described you have les d spot colours YK colour (if / Pantone an either any CM of % 10 n tha contain less / all tints don’t 5% r) n 225% or 27 colour disapea the ge of less tha 10% usually al ink covera tot a ve ha ) es cluding imag / all colours (in mat appropriate for 0% and saved in 1200 dpi at 10 ted to CMYK er ned at 800 to nv an co sc e e ar es ar ag im t / all images ar e, lin 0dpi at 100% scanned at 30 0% / photos are 150dpi at 10 at e ar rs poste large format / images for


flattened / images are lied ages are supp / all linked im


printer supplied ed (not every / all fonts are m fonts are us or Mac Syste tric Me r, ste Ma / no Multiple

Imposition / all files are


nt correctly

n the docume

imposed withi

e used

t ar s than 0.25p fine lines les / no hairlines/ y ctl rre ms are set co / overprint ite

accept them)

Let us sa y you finis he it of to pri nter, there d your design wo rk and no is few thin w you are gs to che all set an ck... d rea


preflight / preview yo its develo ur publication thro pment as ughout a way to layout, ve check the / this is the proce rify the a ss o ccuracy o PDF file, graphics, f or origina f ensuring that a text and and solv l page layo e potentia ments be lems befo ut docufore PDF l probre the file cre s are ima to the pre ged press hou ation is supplied se or prin free / problem ter errors identifi e proof ca n be corr d in a desktop ected qu / easily; th a lso preve ickly and e same prob later stag nts problems arisi on press e that ma ng at a are dram lems identified y cause a delayed o atically m pensive to job to be r cost mo ore exfix re / for the m / desktop ost frequ (onscree ently rep n, soft pro ing missi or colour orted beng fonts of), laser proof prin and ters raster im age proce low-res images ssing (RIP ) what do w

/ ask you

e send

r printer w

hat data

native form

they requ

ire (InDe

sign file o

r PDF)

/ this allo ws them to run the (linked ob ir own pre ject and fo flight che nts are a ck / se le ct the corr vailable) printer’s ect printin marks, sc g options reen rulin / if there for the jo g, bleed, is any pro b: etc. blem the and fix th y can usu em ally troub leshoot th e files


desktop proofing


proof / pre

flight / pa


dy to sen


to PDF PDF/X-3

checking fi

les / pac

changing kaging / ex

data / conv

eerting pdf


stanith SWOP patibility w m co s s re / ensu n system g productio dard printin ur CMYK colo cument to / forces do ation, ts in public vertisemen -fed ad eb r w fo a od on n / go or k is to be ru or s, w es ur pr yo e or if gravur s, on roto rd da offset pres an st P O ith SW sheet-fed w

aphic gned for gr nced, desi / more adva n productio arts-quality -colours e than four ledges mor ow kn ) ac c. it / s et s, varnishe (spot colour part of es to be ws RGB fil ith ICC profiles / also allo w t, en docum MYK graphic arts later processing to C for ny embedded pa m printing co for print by

packaging checking your your files files

(InDee function the packag g in us / corXPress) u have the sign, Quark you just crebe sure yo e new folder / check to th s en ge op re pa / of r y be r ar m te ss in nu ur pr rect unnece the docuated for yo y blank or ur links in / delete an you test yo o (s ve pages at may ha t) artwork th isn’t men CD or DVD / remove t on layout but e th / burn it on in e documen t been placed le en ib open th that CD (this m ss cu po do if / al fin re mputer from fonts probused in the hics to ensu another co r linked grap ion u to uncove ed graphrs / checked yo ve lp st te he la ill ifi w using defined sing or mod e is that you’re ar m s d ur an lo s lem all co ) lours) es co t / verify that ag po im (s d ics an correctly and named ds and traps / check blee





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PRODUCTION TRAINING - skilled cucumber blog layouts // part II.  

...countinue from the first part...