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WENZHAO ZHANG Selected Works 2011-2017 Columbia GSAPP Tsinghua University


Index

Graduate Works Redrawing Bronx

1

Urban Design and Housing Verticalizing Community

13

Theater in the Future Vertical City

Undergraduate Works Dreaming History

25

Cultural Redevelopment in Dashilar Embracing Solitary

37

Ideal House of One's Own Learning Nature

47

Architecture School in Tsinghua University Viewing the City

57

Business Hotel Design in Wudaokou Reconnecting Heritages

67

Urban Design of Yonghe Lama Temple District Crafting Materiality

77

Tectonic Studio

Professional and Miscellaneous

85


1

REDRAWING BRONX

Summer 2016


Individual Project

Wenzhao Zhang 2

01 Redrawing Bronx Urban Design and Housing

Columbia University in the City of New York Graduate School of Architecture Advanced Architecture Design Studio Summer 2016 Critic Hilary Sample

Located in the south corner of the whole Bronx area, the site with its storage warehouses and declining industries now sees a potential to be resystemized and revitalized.The project aims to examine a series of in-bewteen relationships from urban to architectural scales and tries to performe as a bridge to interweave the current different situations. The site could be read as a connection from Manhanttan to the Bronx. The highway on the west and the Grand Concourse on the east generate divergent typologies. The project, by respecting the original characteristics on the two sides while introducing a more dynamic language in the middle ground , creates a lively community catering both the need for residences and the call for more public spaces.


3

Summer 2016

REDRAWING BRONX

IN BETWEEN BRONX AND MANHATTAN

Low Population

The Grand Concorse

In order to reverse the negected state of the southern end of Bronx, the project started by re-emphasizing the communication of the inbewteen relationships that could take place on multiple different layers. To begin with, the site could be interpreted as a conjuction point bewteen Manhattan and Bronx, and has the possibility of creating more residential spaces for local workers and commuters between the two district. Also, the highway to the west of the side and the Grand Concorse on the east enable three different zones to be created on site: the commercial and high end residential, the mixed-use hybrid of communal architecture and the affordable social housing, all of which joined by a public walking system.

Rebuild Community

URBAN STRATEGIES

Affordable Housing Tower

La guardia Airport

Single Loaded Housing

Com

mer cial

+H

ous ing

one Com

Double Loaded Housing

mun ity Z

Affo

rdab

le H

ous

ing

Subway Station 145

Courtyard for Community

Subway Station 138

Public Commercial Courtyard HIghway 4

Joining Two Sides


Individual Project

Wenzhao Zhang 4

Master Plan


5

REDRAWING BRONX

Summer 2016


Individual Project

Wenzhao Zhang 6


7

Summer 2016

REDRAWING BRONX

AFFORDABLE HOUSING

Duplex Studio

3 Beds

2 Beds

0

Typical Floor Plan

1 Bed

10

20m

The latter half of the studio focused on the design of a particular residential building. By creating a transition from the public to semi-public corridors and balconies then to the private housing units. The building itself also provides a link from the community to the city outside.


Individual Project

Wenzhao Zhang 8

Circulation

Unit Arrangement

Structure + Elevation


9

Summer 2016

REDRAWING BRONX

HOUSING UNITS

Studio

One Bedroom

Two Bedrooms

Three Bedrooms

Duplex

0

10

20m

The unit design of the a f f o rd a b l e h o u s i n g also tries to create a communication bewteen the inner semi-public plaza with the outside view t o w a r d s t h e r i v e r. Using sliding doors a n d o t h e r m o va b l e elements to strengthen such transition.


Individual Project

Wenzhao Zhang 10

Vertical Structure


Summer 2016

11 REDRAWING BRONX

Perspective from the corridor showing the public area in front of every unit


Individual Project

Wenzhao Zhang 12

Perspective from the interior with a view of the Harlem River


13 Verticalizing Community

Fall 2016


Collaborated Project

Wenzhao Zhang 14

02 Verticalizing Community Theater in the Future Vertical City

Columbia University in the City of New York Graduate School of Architecture Advanced Architecture Design Studio Fall 2016 Critic Tatiana Bilbao Individual Theater Design Collaborated Urban Design

The studio is an experimental practice to imagine boldly what will happen in a future self-maintained vertical city. The current skyscrapers we have are mostly vertical "rural" spaces with only the elevator providing transportation and could only be access from the city on the ground. Here we are proposing a more dynamic relationship bewteen different programs and also more versatile connection with the outside world. Also, the project tries to immitate the growth of an autonomous city with no prior planning but a re-organization of typologies picked by each student. My role in the group was to design the theatrical space and also collaborated with the 11 other students in program organization and building the final model.


15 Verticalizing Community

THEATER TYPOLOGY STUDY

Fall 2016


Collaborated Project

Wenzhao Zhang 16


Fall 2016

17 Verticalizing Community

Community

Artists

Commodify

Artists

Tourists

Inspire

En

Ar

ra

co

ng

e

Attract

Government

Previous Model-Theater as Spectacle

Tourists

ur

Community

ag

e

Government

New Model - Theater as Community Hub

LINCOLN CENTER - SEPARATED ACTIVITY


Collaborated Project

Wenzhao Zhang 18

THEATRICAL SPACE FOR THE PUBLIC The project aims to approach the future theater design by looking at the following two aspects: the role of the theater inside the city and the interchangeable relationship between audience and performers. Learning from the history of the typology and also a close examination of Lincoln center, the project proposes a mode where the theater could become a place to generate public coexpereinces and promote democracy through an open structure and mobility of space.

City - Catalyst

Theater

Performer

Audience

City - Stage Background

URBAN RELATIONSHIP

Transportation

Programs

Express Joining Neighbourhood

Residential

Commercial

Theater

Train Connecting City Open Space

Transportation


Fall 2016

19 Verticalizing Community

Vertical Structure

Fixed Performance Space

Civic Space Platforms

Movable Performance Space

SYSTEM OF MOBILE STAGES The project is developed in order to achieve a sense of mobility and promote the accessiblity for public. The truss system enables different floating spaces, either cantilivered or hanged. Also the main performance spaces are designed as openable ones working with a system of movable performance space to form a myriad of stage compositions. Also, the movable spaces could be combined with the platform on either side to be used for everyday public performances.


Collaborated Project

Wenzhao Zhang 20

Model Picture of the Platform Systems

View from the Main Stage


Fall 2016

21 Verticalizing Community

DIFFERENT MODES OF PERFORMANCE The theater aims to accomodate not only the rigid performances that require ticket to watch but also the public activities which the whole community could enjoy. The movable platforms and transformable stage spaces enables such kind of flexibility. When different sides of the theater is opened, various kinds of performances could be generated, such as outdoor cinema and rock concert, where the whole space could be turned into a stage with audience from all over the city.

Conventional All Closed

Fashion Show One Side Open


Collaborated Project

Wenzhao Zhang 22

Rock Concert Completely Opened

Outdoor Cinema Main Theater Open


Fall 2016

23 Verticalizing Community

LINKING NEIGHBORHOOD

Looking from Street

Watching Outdoor Movie

Connecting Neighbourhood

View from the Adjacent Residence


Collaborated Project

Wenzhao Zhang 24

Final Model


25 DREAMING HISTORY

Fall 2015


Individual Project

Wenzhao Zhang 26

03 Dreaming History Cultural Redevelopment in Dashilar

Tsinghua University Beijing, China Individual Project Architecture Design Semerster 1, Year 5 Fall 2015 Instructor FAN Lu

The site, located in the south eastern corner of Dashilar Historical District in Beijing, enjoys a long history which could be dated back to Ming Dynasty and has thus been left with an abundant of historical relics, each with its own story to tell. This area also played as an important cultural cradle for the development of Peking Opera, a unique Chinese theatrical form. However, during the rapid evolution of Beijing city in the past decades, this area no long had its past glory, but somehow became a lost spot in deterioration. So the purpose of this project is to revive the memory of history with inspiration from a Chinese Opera Play


Fall 2015

27 DREAMING HISTORY

. CONTEXT AND CONCEPT Mutiple layers of historical traces could be identified on site, yet they are mostly concealed by the present obsolete state of this area, which was a striking contrast to its past prospersity. Aiming to bring back the site's history and the bustling, the project does so by refering to the local context. One of the most significant feature of the site was its deep connection with Chinese opera. A single scene from a most famous play has become an inspiration to this project, "Searching Dream" from Peony Pavillion, in which a young girl tried to relive the dream, in which she met her true love, that she had in her garden. The scene, with a main theme resonating to this project, constructed a space where the present and the past are perfectly blended. As a result, the project's main concept derives from a close study of the structure of the scene, that is to respond to all the different layers of the entangled history traces on site.

House of Peking Opera Singers

Training and Rehearsal Club

Theatre

Context Collage


Individual Project

Wenzhao Zhang 28

Continuous Skyline

Bustling Street

Lively Courtyards

Young Performers

HISTORY

Existing Relics Extinct Relics

The flourishing past has become a dream. ——lyrics from a Peking Opera Play

PRESENT

Disrupted Skyline

Obsolete Street

Messy Courtyards

Old Habitats


Fall 2015

29 DREAMING HISTORY

【第一重】 The First Layer of Dream/History The first layer of dream in the play is about the fundamental level that stands as the main background for the whole scene -- the heroine's connection to her lover in the dream. The relation between them lasted through out the play. The narration of the play was actually carried out from two perspectives, the first half is about Du Liniang, our heroine, and the latter half is about her lover, Liu Mengmei. This two dimensional narrative is the undertoned structure of the whole play while this scene, the twelfth of all, stood out as a very important part in the whole structure.

Similar to that, when examined from urban scale, the site has clearly derived from the connection between the two gates of Yuan and Ming Dynasty, an important thrid pole under a two dimensional narrative. So the basic strategy is to portrait this most fundamental layer of history. How the site comes into formation, from the oblique street then to the five roads conjunction. The architecture then responds to that on the massing level, trying to remain the street and figure-ground relationship of the site while extruding at the center to provide the visual access to the two gates.

STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS OF THE PLAY

Narrative of Du Liniang

Sto

Pre

rylin

sen

e

t Virt ua

l

Act 5 Longing

Act 22 Wandering

Act 24 Recalling the Dream

Main Theme Connection of love

Act 10 Dream of Romance

Act 28 Romantic Encounter

Act 12 Searching the Dream

Vir

l

Pre

sen

Narrative of Liu Mengmei

Act 20 Passing Away

Act 35 Revival and Reunion

tua

t

Sto

ryli

ne

Du Liniang, heroine

Liu Mengmei, hero


Individual Project

Wenzhao Zhang 30

URBAN HISTORY 1368 AD

1600s

1750s

1900s

Beginning of Ming Dynasty

End of Ming Dynasty

Mid of Qing Dynasty

End of Qing Dynasty

The Ming emperor decided to move the city of Beijing from its original southwest site in Yuan Dynasty to where it is now. This change resulted in the habitants of old cty to travel frequently to the new one.

As a Large amount of people including habitants and merchants take the shortest path to travel from the different city gates, a busy olique street, with shops and restaurants begin to generate.

At a particualr spot where a Taoist temple were built, a segregation spot was formed and other paths start to derive from this center spot. The p l a c e's n a m e " F i ve S t re e t Temple" clearly shows that.

After a hundred and fifty years' development, more activities were introduced to this conjuction such as peking opera performing and other recreations, which greatly boosted the prosperity .

YingTao Street

Gate of Ming Dynasty (1368)

HanJiaTan Hutong

TieShu Street BaiShun Hutong

Gate of Yuan Dynasty (1360)

The Five Road Junction

Tieshu Oblique Street WuDao Street

Shift between the old and new city gates

An oblique street linking two gates was created

More paths derived from the main oblique street

Formed The joint of five roads

MASSING STRATEGY

The Site

Extrude solid form

The conjuction point linking the two historical gates

Elevate the roof at the conjuction to give visual access to the gates

The five roads that joins at the conjuction

Cut the form with the roads leaving the path out

Slice the curved roof to create a surface where people can walk freely

Leave out the conjuction as a central plaza


Fall 2015

31 DREAMING HISTORY

【第二重】 The Second Layer of Dream/History The second layer of the dream is about the route and movement. In the play, the main character had two kinds of relation to her past dream. One is through engaging with the existing objects such as trees and stones and flowers, another is with virtual things that only lives in her memory, that is not present on site. During the performance, the actress would dance in a fluent movement to link all these spots. The sinuous paths of her dance that winds on the stage created a dreamlike blending of the past and the present.

The site could also be identified with two kinds of relics --the preserved heritages, where the old Siheyuan courtyard stands in a good state; and those extinct relics where once well-known attractions such as theatres, restaurants or shops no longer exist and left only with an address. The project respects both kinds of traces and creates two different paths linking them, each developed on a different level. Moreover, The building also relates to the past by arranging the new program according to the historical use of the relics.

Existing Extinct

Movement analysis of two songs from the scene

Motion of the actress in "Searching Dream"


Individual Project

Wenzhao Zhang 32

PATH AND MOVEMENT

Chen Delin House

Spring Brothel Wudao Temple Medicine Shop Candle Shop Powder Shop Jiangxi Rest House Tea Shop Hunan Rest House

Shanxi Rest House

Lantern Shop

Jinyua Rest House Opera Theatre

Painting Shop

Yu Zhenting House

Reserved Buildings Extinct Relics

Historical Relics on Site

Existing Buildings

Reserved Buildings

Cut out Courtyard

Linking Path

Cut out Courtyard

Linking Path

View from the Roof

Path on Roof

View from the Ground

Path on Ground

Extinct Relics

Site of Extinct Buildings

PROGRAM Historical Use

New Function

Program Zoning

Existing

Peking Opera

44% 22%

12% 22%

Taoist Temple

Theatre Art Studio Exhibition

Extinct 28%

28%

28%

Shops Rest House

Shopping Dining

14%

Brothel

CafĂŠ


Fall 2015

33 DREAMING HISTORY

【第三重】 The Third Layer of Dream/History The third layer of dream is about the most specific aspects, that is how to respond to every single trace. The actress's movement when engaging with two different kinds of traces varied distinctively. She would make an antithesis gesture to an preserved relic, for example, raising the left arm while lowering her body to touch the grass on the right side. Yet she would make an imitation of the past movement when the substantial trace is extinct. For instance, when she recalls her dreamlover who was not there on site, she would mimic his walking manners to remind her of him.

This strategy of communicating with different traces inspired the project to take a similar approach. To those traditional buildings that remain solid, the new building would move apart to leave an empty side courtyard that opens to the street as an antithesis gesture. To those relics where the original buildings have been demolished and not present anymore, a new courtyard is created at the same spot for rememberance. Moreover, the new courtyard would try to revive the memory of the past buildings by representing their spacial charateristics, with the use of stairs and ramps.

Extinct - Imitation

Existing - Anthithesis

BUILDING STRATEGY

Existing Relics

Preserved Siheyuan

Side Courtyard

Extinct Relics

Demolished Siheyuan

Insert Courtyard

Invite People

Remeberance Space

Open to Street

Inside Building


Individual Project

COURTYARD RESEMBLING EXTINCT RELICS

Brothel House

Private Courtyard

Guest House

Peking Opera Theatre

Wenzhao Zhang 34


Fall 2015

35 DREAMING HISTORY

Walkable Roof

Second floor

Extinct Traces Courtyard

First Floor

Existing History

Underground

LAYERING AXONOMETRICS Overall axonmetric showing all the layers in this project from the underground parking to historical relics, the new building and the walkable roof top, which describes the basic strategy here: each layer adds to the previous to form the whole project.


Individual Project

Wenzhao Zhang 36

Ground Floor Plan

Second Floor Plan

1. Exhibition 2. Art Studio 3. Performance 4. Shops 5. Cafe 6. Restroom 7. Facilities 8. Parking 9. Restaurant

7

7

1

2 5

4

2 2

6

2

1. Exhibition 2. Art Studio 3. Performance 4. Shops 5. Cafe 6. Restroom 7. Facilities 8. Parking 9. Restaurant

4

1

4

1

7

5

4

1

9

4

9

9

9 4

5

6

9

4 9

5

4

9

9 1

4

4

4

4

1

4 5

8

4

4

2

7 2

2

0

30m

7

2 2

6

0

30m


37 EMBRACING SOLITARY

Spring 2014


Individual Project

Wenzhao Zhang 38

04 Embracing Solitary House on the Cliff

Tsinghua University Beijing, China Individual Project Architecture Design Semerster 2, Year 3 Spring 2014 Instructor HUA Li

Standing on the top of a cliff, this house is designed for an idealized persona, which is a writer whose lifestyle is greatly inspired by Michel Eyquem de Montaigne, a French Renaissance philosopher. Combining Montaigne’s motto and personal living memories, the house aims to portrait a stoic life with spiritual pursuit. The project features a series of rooms that expand around the main staircase, forming a revolving while elevating spatial sequence, which symbolize the spiritual uplifting concept.


Spring 2014

39 EMBRACING SOLITARY

"For my house is built upon an eminence, as its name imports, and no part of it is so much exposed to the wind and weather as this, which pleases me the better, as being of more difficult access and a little remote, as also being there more retired from the crowd. ’Tis there that I am in my kingdom." ——Michel Eyquem de Montaigne, The Essays, Of Three Commerces

1:50 Model


Individual Project

Wenzhao Zhang 40

SITE The site is an imaginary landscape with reference to the Cliffs of Moher in Ireland. Facing the vastness of the sea and the sky while standing as an anchor in the wuthering winds, the cliff recalls a sense of tranquility, which resonates with the spirit of this house. Also, in order to have a closer engagement with nature, this project responds to the views on different directions by having varied openings and thus involve the scenic views into the overall atmosphere building.

The Sea

CONCEPT The concept of the design derives from portraiting Montaigne's style of spiritual pursuit. A simple yet powerful exterior form, it focused on the inside arrangement of spaces. The project first established a central staircase that winds from the ground to the top and then set a series of rooms on different levels linking to this staircase. While one travels inside the building, carefully placed windows would introduce delicate natural light in to the building that acts as a guide or an inspirer for people to walk to higher floors. All these strategies symbolize the spritual uplifting concept.

The Cliffs

The Trail

0

10m

20m

Site Plan


Spring 2014

41 EMBRACING SOLITARY

Roof Structure Concrete slab with skylight opening, providing natural light for staircase and meditation room..

Staircase Steel steps cantiliveri from the exterior stone wall , rewinding upwards while linking all the rooms on different levels. Bedroom

Meditation

Library

Interior Wall All the interior walls are in-situ concrete, with bare surface

Guest Room

Storage

Exterior Wall The Exterior walls uses a different material to the interior one, which is limestone that gives a natural sense.

Room of Stairs

Recital

Living Room

Kitchen

Entrance

Dining

Base Structure Continuous foundation that carry the weight of upper concrete sheer walls

SPATIAL SEQUENCE One of the focus of the design is the arrangement of rooms on various levels surrounding the vertical staircase, from the kitchen and dining room on the bottom floor to then to the living room and recital space, and finally to the library on the top floor and an attic for meditation only to be accessed by climbing a ladder. Gradually stepping up the stairs, one would ascend from the normal public mundane life to a more private personal spiritual space.


Individual Project

Wenzhao Zhang 42

4

1

3

2

7

6

5

Ground Floor Plan

8

4

9

Second Floor Plan

9

11

12

10 10

Third Floor Plan

Fourth Floor Plan

0

1m

5m

1. Entrance

7. Steps

2. Dining

8. Guest Room

3. Kitchen

9. Washroom

4. Storage

10. Reading

5. Living Room

11. Bedroom

6. Recital

12. Meditation


Spring 2014

43 EMBRACING SOLITARY

6

5

2

4

3

1

Section Rendering 0

1m

5m

1. Entrance

4. Living Room

2. Kitchen

5. Recital

3. Staircase

6. Reading


Individual Project

Wenzhao Zhang 44

THE STAIRCASE In this main staircase, dim lights shone from opening doors lead people to travel from the ground to the top along the spiral steps. At the same time, one would experience a transition from darkness to brightness. 1:20 Staircase Model Photos


Spring 2014

45 EMBRACING SOLITARY

20mm Cement Mortar Waterproof and Ventilate Film 30mm Mortar Cushion Roof Slope Layer Polyurethane Foam Insulation Concrete Roof Slab

Limestone Wall In-Situ Concrete Fill Polyurethane Foam Insulation Steel-Brick Lintel Low Iron Glass

Surface Cement Mortar Mortar Cushion Insulation Waterproof Film Concrete Floor Slab Ground Layer

DETAILING The exterior wall is constructed by stacking two layers of surface limestone walls first and then fill in the middle gap with concrete for reinforcement. With this method, the wall would enable more independent openings, thus create a novel and contrasting feeling between the material and the form..


Individual Project

Wenzhao Zhang 46

Model Photos 1:20 1. Entance 4

2. Kitchen & Dining 3. Living Room

1

2

3

4. Reading Room


47 LEARNING IN NATURE

Spring 2013


Individual Project

Wenzhao Zhang 48

05 Learning in Nature Architecture School in Tsinghua University

Tsinghua University Beijing, China Individual Project Archiecture Design Semerster 2, Year 2 Spring 2013 Instructor : ZHUANG Weimin

Located in the lush greeneries, this project seeks to provide a vibrant learning experience by relating to the surrounding verdant forest and landscape. Incorporating the landscape as exhibition ground while introducing a series of interconnected green courtyards that extend both vertically and horizontally, this building is where nature and architecture melt together and thus creates an enlightening ambiance for people to freely communicate with each other and interact with nature.


Spring 2013

49 LEARNING IN NATURE

Plato's Academy

Concept Diagram

SCHOOL THAT BEGAN UNDER A TREE Immersed in lush greeneries, this specific site in one of the quiet gardens of Tsinghua University has a unique natural feature with varied vegetation and topography. The place calls for a light intervention that respects the existing natural elements. Moreover, dated back to Plato’s Academy and Confucius’s Xingtan where teaching and discussing all took place under a tree, nature has long been stated to had a beneficial effect on learning. Therefore, the building incorporates the vegetation and terrain into itself and creates several inter-permeating green courtyards for learners to communicate with both fellow students and nature.

PROGRAM ANALYSIS - GROWING ATRIUMS


Individual Project

Wenzhao Zhang 50

MAKING OF A SCHOOL IN NATURE

1

2

NATURAL SITE

GREEN ATRIUM Interconnected green atriums are created on different levels of the building, providing an ambiguous and fluid ambience.

The existing natural elements from the flourishing trees to the sloping landscape are all preserved and incorporated.

3 FLOATING SLABS Introducing white painted floor slabs to the building to give a floating and light feeling also use steel frame as basic structure.

4 PROGRAMMING Program the space inside the architecture by aligning rooms around the courtyard according to the grid system.

5

6

VITALIZING MAIN ATRIUM

ENGAGING WITH SITE

Add rotated cubes with special functions to the main Atrium and also a tilted library and multifunctional hall.

The outside is also considered as a consistant part of the whole building with exhibition and gatherings place.

Progress Models


Spring 2013

51 LEARNING IN NATURE

2

1

8

9

6

7

3

5

4


Individual Project

Wenzhao Zhang 52

Roof with Skylight

Translucent Façade

Staircases

Rotated Blocks

Floor and Walls

Steel Frame Structure

Natural Site

BUILDING SYSTEM

1. Main Entrance 2. Foyer 3. Multifunction Room 4. Café Area 5. Exhibition Space 6. Building Lab 7. Main Atrium First Floor Plan

8. Auditorium 9. Facilities and Storage


Spring 2013

53 LEARNING IN NATURE

The landscape continues into the building as it rovers. Following the flow of the landscape, the visitors can travel from the foyer to the exhibition area then into the main atrium. From here, they can access to the auditorium, which seats 300 people and generally steps down towards the forest outside.

East Elevation

1. Library

7. Small Meeting Room

2. Computer Room

8. Classroom

3. Staffs’ Office

9. Undergraduates’ Studio

4. Teachers’ Office

10. Graduates’ Studio

5. Principals’ Office

11. Painting Studio

6. Large Meeting Room

12. Storage and Facilities


Individual Project

Wenzhao Zhang 54

Sectional Perspective

Second Floor Plan

Third Floor Plan

Fourth Floor Plan


Spring 2013

55 LEARNING IN NATURE

Aluminum Coating Waterproof and ventilate film Crack-Resistant Mortar Polyurethane Foam Insulation Mortar Bed

Mecho-Shading

Aluminum Decking

Painted Aluminum Transom

Steel Beam

Painted Aluminum Mullion

Gypsum Board ceiling

Low Iron Glass

Gypsum Board Soffit Painted Metal Grill Gypsum Board Fascia Painted Aluminum Diffuser 5mm Epoxy floor coating Mortar Bed Aluminum Decking Steel Beam Gypsum Board ceiling

S.S. Guard Rail Metal Cladding Steel Column Beyond

DETAILING To establish a close engagement with the forest outside, the building’s façade uses both Low Iron glass to create a permeable surface where users can see through and translucent shadings where tree shadows can fall on, so that even in the interior people can still have a continuous experience of the nature.


Individual Project

Wenzhao Zhang 56

Model Pictures

1 2 3

1. East Elevation 2. Exhibition Area 3. Main Atrium


57 VIEWING THE CITY

Spring 2015


Individual Project

Wenzhao Zhang 58

06 Viewing the City Business Hotel Design in Wudaokou

Tsinghua University Beijing, China Individual Project Architecture Design Semerster 2, Year 4 Spring 2015 Instructor YIN Sijin

Sitting at the crossroad centered in one of the most vigorous commercial area in Beijing as well as the segregated higher education institutions, the aim of this project is to create a hotel that not only cater to the need of business users but also contribute to the vibrant city environment. Moreover, as a highrise building that reaches 80m tall, the project takes full consideration of the newly - generated street views in order to establish a coherent skyline. It also takes advantage of the height to create visual engagement with the city.


Spring 2015

59 VIEWING THE CITY

Light Rail Line 13

Dimsum

Site Map showing two different flows of people

PROGRAM ANALYSIS AND VISUAL CONNECTIONS

Business Meeting

Fine Dining

Swimming

Hotel Room

Business Hotel User

4:00AM

6:00AM

8:00AM

10:00AM 12:00AM

2:00PM

4:00PM

6:00PM

8:00PM

10:00PM 12:00PM

2:00AM

4:00AM

Tower

Tower

Hotel Suites

Hotel Suites

Hotel Room

Excercising Chess&Spa

Third Floor

Third Floor

Recreation

Breakfast

Meeting

Staff Office

Dinner

Second Floor Meeting

Recreation

Bar

Lunch

Second Floor Meeting

Coffee Coffee

Ground Floor

Ground Floor

Dining

Dining

Night Club

Basement Customers

Staff Dorm

Skating

Railway

Basement

Shopping

Lunch

Customers

Basement

Basement

Parking

Parking

4:00AM

6:00AM

8:00AM

10:00AM 12:00AM

2:00PM

4:00PM

6:00PM

8:00PM

10:00PM 12:00PM

City Life Urban Dweller Skate Boarding

Outdoor Music

Bakery&Cafe

Night Club

2:00AM

4:00AM


Individual Project

Wenzhao Zhang 60

URBAN LIFE AND BUSINESS HOTEL

The Wudaokou crossroad is one of the busiest hotspots in Beijing. The Light Train Line 13 brings many people here and they get on to the site right from this crossroad. The mass flow of people has boomed the local commercial development and the site is surrounded by shops, bars, cafe and all sorts of recreations and promotes a vibrant night life. Moreover, as the area is also densed with higher education institutions as well as technological research facilities, the need for academic and business meeting is also urgent. In order to provide privacy for hotel users yet vibrancy for the city, the project designed two separate path for each group. While the city customers are invited on to the site by a sunken plaza, the hotel users stayed above ground in the skirt and tower buildings. Although the two different activities do not mingle, the two kinds of people can have visual connections.

DESIGN STRATEGY

Basic Massing The tower is set to shun from railway noises

Sunken Plaza Invite pedestrains to come into the site

Define Program Determine the functions for business users

Insert Blocks Add protruding blocks with view to the city


Spring 2015

61 VIEWING THE CITY

VIEW OF THE CITY

West Mountain Sunset

Chengfu Road Sunrise

Basic massing

Insert suite and lounge

Turn for city views

Crossroad Night View

Sunken plaza

Add recreational spaces

Turn to view plaza

STREET VIEW OF HOTEL

Accentuate the Street

Landmark at Crossroad

Model in Progress

Shift in Scale when looked from Narrower Street

Sunken Plaza

View Analysis


Wenzhao Zhang 62 Individual Project

Auditorium

Chinese Dining

Business Room

Cloak Room

Parking

Mechanics

Breakfast Buffet

Swimming

Night Club

Sunken Plaza

Hotel Bar

Gym

Hotel Lobby

Shop & Bakery


Spring 2015

63 VIEWING THE CITY

PROGRAM

F3 F2 F1 B1

Open to Public

Recreation F3 KaraOK & Chess

Excercise F3 Gymnasium

Excercise F3

Swimming Pool F3 F2

Meeting F2 Auditorium

F1 B1

Meeting F2

Business Meeting

Small Conference

F&B F2

Breakfast Buffet

F&B F2 Bar

Meeting F1 Multifunction

F&B F1

Chinese Fine Dining

F3

F&B F1

F2

Cafe

F1 B1

Hotel Customer

Urban B1

Night Club & Bar

Urban B1

Bakery & Shop

F3 F2

Urban B1 Plaza

F1 B1

Service&Kitchen


Individual Project

Wenzhao Zhang 64

Typical Room Plan

0

10m

Tower Building F6/F7 Special Suite

0

10m

Tower Building F15/F16 Special Suite

0

10m

Tower Building F18/F19 Sky Lounge

0

10m

Typical Suite Plan


Spring 2015

65 VIEWING THE CITY

2 8

8 4

2 14

10 3

11

7

7 3

12

1

13 8

1. Hotel Entrance 2. Staff Entrance 3. Meeting Entrance 4. City Entrance 5. Hotel Lobby 6. Luggage Room 7. Hotel Lift 8. Staff Lift 9. Cafe 10. Western Dining 11.Chinese Dining 12.Multifunction 13.Staff Office 14. Kitchen

9

8

8 10

7

6

8 9

7

1. Meeting Room 2. Auditorium 3. Cloak Room 4. Preparation 5. Hotel Shop 6. Hotel Bar 7. Hotel Lift 8. Staff Lift 9. Buffet 10. Staff Office 11. Kitchen

5

5

11

6

1

Floor F1 Plan

8

14

Floor F2 Plan

8

14

10 6

9

11

7

7

9 5

4

6

14

5 8

8 2

7

1. City Shop 2. City Night Club 3. City Bakery 4. Mechanics 5. Cleaning 6. Storage 7. Hotel Lift 8. Staff Lift 9. Staff Dorms 10. Staff Office 11. Kitchen

8

3

7

1. Gym 2. Yoga class 3. Swimming 4. Changing 5. SPA 6. Chess Room 7. Hotel Lift 8. Staff Lift 9. Karaoke 10. Staff Office 11. Business

3

1

Floor F3 Plan

8

4

2

1

Floor F4 Plan


Individual Project

Wenzhao Zhang 66

Main atrium in the skirt building

Sunken plaza that open to the city


67 RECONNECTING HERITAGES

Fall 2014


Group Project

Wenzhao Zhang 68

07 Reconnecting Heritage Urban Design of Yonghe Lama Temple District

Tsinghua University Beijing, China Collaborator MA Yidong GAN Xudong Urban Design Semerster 1, Year 4 Autumn 2014 Instructor Tang YAN Contribution Concept 40% Design 35% Drawings 50%

Located in Honghe Lama Temple District, which shares rich historical legacies, this urban design project aims to reconnect the now separated heritages so that both the tourists and the local habitats can experience a better urban environment. This concept is carried out refering to the site's figure-ground relationship. Specifically, concerning the distinct palaces, the site utilizes the underground subway station to provide expanded connections and establish green belts that enable people to wander freely from one palace to the other. In Hutongs that act as urban texture, new functions are implanted and the negative spaces are renovated.


Fall 2014

69 RECONNECTING HERITAGES

Temple of Earth

Subway Line 2

Temple of the Moon

Temple of the Sun

Temple of Heaven Traditional Hutong Area Subway Line 5

Buddhism Temples Royal Palaces and Temples

Map of Beiijing showing Tourist Density and Heritage Locations

SITE CONDITION This district in Beijing is densed with traditional heritages. Palaces and Temples of different religions stood in the site as distinctive figures, and attract large amount of tourists to the site. However, the palaces were separated by the second ring road and Yonghe Temple Street, and the existing underground system only provide access to a limited area. The project then aims to relink the heritages and to renovate this area with higher accessibility and consistency.

Heritages

Disconnection

Temple of Earth

Separation Second Ring Road

Limited Underground Access

Confucian Temple Lama Temple

Separation Yonghe Temple Road


Group Project Project Group

Wenzhao Wenzhao Zhang Zhang 70 46

CONCEPT AND STRATEGY

The glazed tiled roofs of the distinctive palaces on site lead to a strategy that relinks these traditional buildings.

Beyond the Red Wall of the palaced is the textured urban area. A renovation strategy is implemented for these parts.

Figure

Linking the Palace Axis

Providing View Access

Joining Underground

Ground

Defining Land Use

Path along Red Wall

Preserving Color

Performing Center Link the axis with a rotative form and walkable roof.

Traffic Conjunction Provide underground system integrating traffic and shopping

Art HOPSCA Establish a curved ground that promotes multiple activities

Hutong Renovation Reorganize the courtyards and insert green public spaces

Monk Dorm Renovation Insert new boxes into the existing urban texture


Fall 2014

71 RECONNECTING HERITAGES

SYSTEM ANALYSIS

Second Ring Road

Shopping Layer

Transition Layer

Train Layer

Underground System

Pe d

es

tria

nS

yst

em Ca

ra

nd

Pa rk

ing

Sy

ste

m

Traffic System

Ma

jor

Gr ee

nB

elt

s Gr ee

nS

pa

ce

s in

Hu

ton

g

Green System

Ve rt

ica

lS

kyl

ine Ho

riz on

tal

Sk

ylin

e

Building Heights


Group Project

Wenzhao Zhang 72

Performing Art Center

Art Hopsca Hutong Renovation

Monk Dorm Renovation

0

90m

Site Plan


Fall 2014

73 49 RECONNECTING HERITAGES

YONGHE Lama Temple

Temple of the EARTH

LINKING UNDERGROUND

Underground Cultural Shopping Street

Subway Station Line 5


Group Project

Wenzhao Zhang 74 50

CONFUCIAN Temple

Subway Station Line 2

Bridge over the moat

New Theatre

Parking

New Museum


Fall 2014

75 51 RECONNECTING HERITAGES

Chess Game for Local

Renovated Siheyuan Entrance to District

Library Garden for Reading

Tea Drinking Space

Entrance to the Route Open Urban Landscape

Shopping Invigorite the Street

Path following the Red Temple Wall

HUTONG RENOVATION

Courtyard Typology

Removed Buildings

New Grain

Reorganized Courtyards

New Green System

The Hutong district is composed of traditional SiheYuan. With identification of the basic courtyard typology, we reorganized the grain of the site and inserted green open spaces.

Imperial College

LINKING FRONTYARDS

Confucian Temple


Group Project

Wenzhao Zhang 76 52

View of the Lama Temple from new installation

MONK DORM RENOVATION

Monk Dorm Typology

The Monk Dorm district features horizontal slab buildings. After clearing up the additional bungalows, we redefined boundary of each courtyard and added new installation to provide view access to the Temples.

Removed Buildings

New Grain

Reorganized Courtyards

New Installaion

YONGHE Lama Temple

BAILIN Buddha Temple


77 CRAFTING MATERIALITY

Fall 2014


Group Project

Wenzhao Zhang 78

08 Crafting Materiality Tectonic Studio

Tsinghua University Beijing, China Collaborator ZHU Wumengjian LI Xuelun CHENG Zhengyu TIAN Lai ZHAO Huijuan Architecture Design Semerster 1, Year 4 Autumn 2014 Instructor Terrence CURRY Contribution Design 30% Drawings 50% Crafting 20%

In this tectonic studio, our task is to build an object which would be displayed in the B1 Floor of the new building of Tsinghua University School of Architecture. This object or pavilion, without exceeding the size of 2.4m*2.4m*2.4m, should be able to host at least five people sitting inside and have distinct inside and outside feelings by using different materials. Our design, in a spherical form, aims to bring a dreamlike external feeling with use of translucent fabric and an intimate internal experience with appliance of wood. The details and craftsmanship are carefully designed to better express the characteristics of the materials and we also explored with different tools and methods to maximize the materials' potentials.


Fall 2014

79 CRAFTING MATERIALITY

FEELING EXTERIOR

MATERIAL INTERIOR

Dream-like Dream-Like

Intimate Fabric/Translucent

Intimate

Wood/Textured

Elastic Translucent

Plywood Panels

Exterior Fabric

Exterior

Solid Fir Wood

Interior

Aluminum Composite Panel

Interior

MATERIALS ¡ SENSATIONS ¡ CONSTRUCTION The project aims to explore the materiality and the feeling it poses, starting with defining two unique atmosphere that each apply to the outside and the inside of the object. On the outside, we would like to establish a dream-like feeling so the exterior envelope uses translucent elastic fabric and reflective aluminum composite panels to carry a sense of surreality. For the inside, the project aims to bring a sense of intimacy by using solid fir wood for main ribs and plywood for other surfaces that people may interact with, including the bench and secondary ribs.

Floating Lantern

Inclining Inward

Cozy Seating

Top Opening

DEFINING THE FORM The form of the pavilion is also considered to emphasize the spatial-feelings that the project tries to convey. Its spherical shape, when observed from distance, looks like a floating and glowing lantern that adds to the dream-like atmosphere. Also, when inside, people would feel more enveloped and inclined to each other within the round shape.


Group Project

Wenzhao Zhang 80

The exterior dream-like atmosphere`

The interior intmate feeling


Fall 2014

81 CRAFTING MATERIALITY

CONSTRUCTION PROCESS

Clamp

Minifix

1

Base Structure

Pilot Holes

Glue the vertical CNC-cut -out bench frames together

Connect horizontal pieces onto the vertical using Hafele Minifix

CNC Router

Attach the bench frame to the base with tenon-and-mortise joint

Sander

2

Bench Surface

Use CNC router to cut out surface panels

Table Saw

Join the top layers of bench surface from beneath to have a smooth top

Sand the surface to fillet corners and to give a softer touch

MDF Jig

Clamp

3

Main Ribs

8mm Pieces

Cut solid fir log into 8mm thick pieces using table saw

MDF Mold

Put the glued pieces into the mold and add forces by clamp to bend it

Drill holes onto the bended main rib with the guide of jig

CNC Router

4

Secondary Ribs

MDF Jig

Use CNC router to cut out horizontal ribs

Drill holes for connection with the guide of jig

Pilot Holes

Glue the upper and lower piece of rib together using clamps

5

Envelop Fabric

6

Assembly!

Sewing Machine

Calculate the size of each piece of fabric and cut MDF mold with CNC

Put the MDF board over the elastic fabric and cut it

Sew the different pieces together to form a globe

We laminated all the showing wooden pieces before putting them together. The assembly process start by attaching main ribs to the base bench and then adding the secondary horizontal ribs. When the structure was done, the final steps involved putting on the cloth envelop, and adding the lighting system.


Group Project

Wenzhao Zhang 82

1

2

Base Structure Joining the bench frame with Minifix and sand it before putting on the bench surface

Bench Surface

3

Main Ribs Bending the solid fir wood pieces using MDF mold and large forcible clamps

5

Glueing the top two layers of bench surface together with all the joints on the bottom

4

Secondary Ribs Sanding all the secondary horizontal ribs. Each piece was sanded four times

6

Lamination

Assembly

Laminating all the wooden pieces that's going to be shown outside with paint

Connecting the main vertical ribs and horizontal ribs onto the bench


Fall 2014

83 CRAFTING MATERIALITY

LED Light

Flat Head 6cm Wood Screw Plywood Top Surface Translucent Acrylic layer Plywood Bottom Surface

Button-Head Wood Screw Anodized Aluminum Panel Elastic Translucent Fabric

Main Vertical Rib 3mm Aluminum Panel Main Vertical Rib

Soft Wood Dowels

60mm Φ8 Hex-Head Bolt

S.S. Table Connecter

Designed Aluminum Joint

Secondary Rib

50mm Φ10 Hex-Head Bolt Bench Frame

CONNECTIONS AND DETAILS The joint design focused on connecting the four basic parts: the bench, the main ribs, the secondary ribs and the fabric. For the wooden parts, we designed aluminum panels to better show the materials' connection. A lighting system was also incorporated into our pavilion by keeping the LED light and Wire in the pre-cut grooves of the ribs.


Group Project

2 1

3 4

Wenzhao Zhang 84

1. Overall View 2. Table Connector Rib Joint 3. Fabric-Rib Joint 4. Main Rib-Bench Joint


85 MISCELLANEOUS

Professional Works

PLAZA 66 RENOVATION Professional Work Construction Administration Phase Kohn Perderson Fox Associate PC, Shanghai, China Internship; Summer 2015 Supervisor: YANG Chen

2011- 2017


Other Projects

Wenzhao Zhang 86

Revised Shop Drawing for Interior Deisgn


87 MISCELLANEOUS

2011- 2017

Supplementary Works

XINZHAI COFFEE MANOR Professional Work Conceptual Design Phase TAO Architects Beijing, China Internship; Summer 2014 Supervisor: HUA Li

TRAIN OF SHADOWS Academic Work Computer Aided Design Studio Tsinghua University, Beijing, China Summer 2013 Collaborator: Li Xuelun, Liu Xiaoxiao, ZHAO Jiancheng instructor: HUANG Weixin


Other Projects

Wenzhao Zhang 88

CHESS CLUB IN THE SUMMER PALACE Academic Work First Year Design Studio Tsinghua University Summer 2012 Instructor: HUANG He

HOUSE OF MUSIC Academic Work Lightroom Intermedia Studio School of Architecture, UCD Dublin, Ireland Fall 2013 Instructor: Alice Clancy, Wendy Barrett


Thank you for reviewing! Wenzhao ZHANG

2017.02

Address: Broadway 3143, Apt 3D, New York, NY Postcode: 10027 Columbia University GSAPP Phone: +1 347-366-2520 Email: zwz。rosie@gmail.com

Portfolio_Wenzhao Zhang  
Portfolio_Wenzhao Zhang  

Works from Columbia GSAPP and Tsinghua University 2013-2017

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