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Photo: Gideon Mendel/Corbis

Chapter 2

The spread of HIV/AIDS results in chronic illness and death for numerous young people – few of whom have access to treatment or ­specialised drugs. This loss has dire consequences for overall development and particularly for food production in the agricaltural sector.

The countries with the most worrisome hunger status and the highest 2008 GHI scores are predominantly in Sub-Saharan Africa, with the Democratic Republic of Congo, Eritrea, Burundi, Niger, and Sierra Leone at the bottom of the list. War and violent conflict have been major causes of widespread poverty and food insecurity in most of the countries with high GHI scores. Another common pattern is the lack of gen­ eral freedom in terms of political rights and civil liberties. All 15 countries with the highest GHI scores have been consistently rated by the Freedom House Index as non-free or partially free in the period 2006–2008 (Freedom House 2008). Eritrea and the Democratic Republic of Congo currently have by far the highest proportion of undernourished — 75 and 74 percent of the population, respectively. India, Yemen, and Timor-Leste have the highest prevalence of underweight in children under five — more than 40 percent in all three countries. Sierra Leone and Angola have the highest under-five mortality rates — 27 and 26 percent, respectively.

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2008 Global Hunger Index

Profile for Welthungerhilfe

Global Hunger Index 2008  

The 2008 Global Hunger Index report comes at a time of dramatic changes in world food markets, with high food prices threatening the food se...

Global Hunger Index 2008  

The 2008 Global Hunger Index report comes at a time of dramatic changes in world food markets, with high food prices threatening the food se...

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