Elite Equestrian Formerly Bucks County Equestrian
Inspiration For The Equestrian Lifestyle
Lusitano Sport Horses
Equine Chiropractic Antique Lanterns Riderâ€™s Eyes www.EliteEquestrian.us
Keenan McAlister Equine veterinary services expands to lower bucks county ���������������������������������������������������������������������� �����������������������������������������������������������������
Our services include: ������������������������������������������������������� ������������������������������������������� Emergency Service 24 hours a day, 7 days a week
Daniel P. Keenan, DVM
Ron McAlister, DVM
Lynsey Makkreel, DVM
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Give us a call at (215) 497-7097. �������������������������������������
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Call or Visit One Of These Retailers For More Information E.M. Herr Farm Center 717-464-3321 or 800-732-0053 EMHerr@acehardware.com 14 Herrville Road Willow Street, PA 17584 Page 4
Weaver Farm Supply 610-944-0593 946 Fleetwood-Lyons Road Fleetwood PA 19522
ATTENTION SERIOUS RIDERS: ACHIEVE YOUR GOALS
������������������������������������� � �������� ��������������������������������� ������������������������������� Ridden Competitively in 15 Countries on 5 Continents If you’re tired of time-restrictive lesson mills and are ready to advance with practical horsemanship skills for realistic challenges, give us a call.
UPPER LEVEL TRAINING For Horse and Rider
With Former Olympian and Nation’s Cup Competitor, Sam T. Campbell
Usually a select group of quality horses for sale. If we dont have it, we’ll find it. �������������������������������������������������������
9 The Lusitano Collection Sport horse auction 14 Lanterns Art & Antiques with Dr. Lori 18 Equine Chiropractic How do you know when your horse needs it? 20 Riders Eyes Training Tips with Jim Geibel 23 Jumper Talent Search Results 24 What’s Your Dream? Way of Horses 25 What’s New? Fly whisps 29 Equestrian Real Estate Showcase 29 Finding The Right Equestrian Property 34 The Thinking Horse Sport NACMO 38 Horse Nation Smithsonian Exhibit 41 Exquisite Events Delaware Valley College Fall Horse Expo and Savory Sampler at the Mercer Museum
44 Event Listing 45 Equine Organizations 45 Classiﬁed 46 Rates & Deadlines
Bucks Equestrian Dec 4.9 x 7:Layout 1
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Elite Equestrian, LLC PO Box 764 Brodheadsville, PA 18322 570-646-9340 or 570-656-0730 www.EliteEquestrian.us info@EiteEquestrian.us
For Rates See Inside Back Cover For Advertising Information and to request a Media Kit, call: 570-646-9340 or 570-656-0729
TOPAZ We lost Topaz, just 12 years old, on September 19, 2009. This photo was taken just six hours before he died. He loved going to horse shows and he loved jumping. He was bold and true, yet sweet and gentle, and would readily hurdle anything he was pointed at. He is very sorely missed.
On the cover...
A beautiful Lusitano horse enjoying life. Photo by Tupa
Editor Noelle Vander Brink Marketing Director Bill Vander Brink Contributing Writers Eleanor Blazer Michael M. Burak D.C. Jim Geibel Dr. Lori Brigita A. McKelvie
����������������� Go To www.Elite Equestrian.us
Contributing Photographers AC Custom Photography Elite Equestrian Photo Services James Leslie Parker Elite Equestrian is a registered name owned by NEPA Marketing Group, Inc. No article, photo, or part of this publication may be reproduced without written consent. Management reserves the right to approve or refuse any advertiser or contribution for any reason. ©2009
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Heather Bender’s professional eyes wander across the 120 Lusitanos gathered in an over-sized paddock at Interagro Farm in Intapira, Brazil. The young horses, ages three to ﬁve, have been born and raised on the 1,200-acre bucolic ranch outside São Paulo. Cecilia Gonzaga, head of the stud barn, watches in earnest as she shares personal information about each horse. “See that dark gray. He’s from Perdigueiro (a stallion known for his athleticism and ﬁne temperament).” Swedish-born Pia Aragão adds, “He’s already showing some lateral movement.” Pia, a Brazilian dressage champion rider who oversees the day-to-day training of the horses, is also part of the team who helps determine which of the horses will be culled from the group for the next phase of the selection process. Heather, Director of USA Training – Interagro Farm Export Program, explains, “We start by trying to wean it down to around 75,” she says. “We’re looking at a combination of color, size, presence, conformation and attitude.”
An international rider and USDF instructor who has earned her USDF Bronze, Silver, and Gold Medals as well as an approved “R” judges license, Heather has reﬁned the process over the last few years. “When we ﬁnally bring two dozen horses to Florida this winter, people don’t realize that we’ve been evaluating these horses for years and scrutinizing them for months.” “Not every horse makes the cut,” reﬂects Cecilia who employs a full-time veterinarian, Dr. Alex Bloem, along with three clinical assistants to examine and care for the 800 hundred horses on the ranch. It is only September, ﬁve months before The 2010 Lusitano Collection™ International Horse Auction which will be held from February 24th to 27th in West Palm Beach, Florida. The Lusitano Collection™ is a trademark established by the most important Lusitano horse breeders in Brazil. Heather, who is visiting for ﬁve days and will return every two months to check on the horses’ training progress, indicates that the Collection horses must be “FEI calibre - suitable for dressage, jumping or driving. I will ride every horse personally, interview the trainers and riders who work with them.”
The advantages of selecting sport horses from a large breeding farm become obvious when Cecilia describes the geography and atmosphere at Interagro Farm. Established in 1974 when her father Dr. Paulo Gonzaga imported four mares and The Interagro auction selection team -one stallion from Portugal, Interagro Farm Cecilia, Heather, Pia and Dr. Bloem -- work is surrounded by picturesque countryside. together throughout the year to handpick Paddocks surround the center where indoor the healthiest, most desirable sport horses for and outdoor arenas along with a breeding the horse auctions which take The Lusitano was facility and stallion barns are place in Brazil and Florida. They located. Mares and young domesticated in horses are grouped in different select a combination of horses that may be suitable for propasture divisions where they approximately fessional, amateur and junior remain until around age three 5,000 B.C. riders. “My aim,” Heather states when they begin formal trainby the Lusitanians ing. Employees, many of whom emphatically, “is to match the right horse to the right rider. That’s are second and even third genwhen we feel successful.” Throughout the eration due to the farm’s free riding school year, Heather and Cecilia speak to clients, for children, tend to the Lusitanos at every new ones as well as returning buyers, so they stage of development, from halter training are familiar with what riders are seeking. to trailer loading and standing in cross ties. “When we look at the horses, we get an Dr. Gonzaga, who has written idea of which ones will be appropriate for this market. Also, we have the beneﬁt of books on the Lusitano horse, never tires of holding some back for the 2011 program if sharing the history of the Lusitano breed. we feel they haven’t completely matured,” The Lusitano was domesticated in approxiPage 10
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mately 5,000 B.C. by the Lusitanians, a race of warriors who fought on horseback using gineta: their own set of combat tactics. Gineta required a sophisticated degree of horsemanship, and, more importantly, a swift, easy-to-handle, reliable horse. A rider’s life depended on the abilities of his Lusitano horse. Gineta was also the precursor to modern dressage. While not used in combat anymore, traces of the gineta discipline can still be seen in Portugal today where bullﬁghting still occurs on horseback. It is said that the practice was created solely for the purpose of preparing gineta horses for war. Interagro remains committed to preserving the 300 years of careful selection in breeding. The breed is known for possessing a higher than average intelligence, willing temperament and smooth ride. By combining the existing three main lineages, Interagro is developing an
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Interagro bloodline with contemporary equestrian pursuits in mind, thus producing horses typically larger than the average Lusitano. The 2010 Lusitano Collection™ International Horse Auction marks the ﬁfth anniversary of The Lusitano Collection™ - and the third year it will take place in the United States. The 2010 event which occurs during the Winter Equestrian Festival (WEF) will once again be held at the 111-acre Jim Brandon Equestrian Center in West Palm Beach, a well-known equine hot spot that is home to many reputable stables and arenas. During the event, guests will be treated to lavish cocktail parties and networking events including an entertaining showcase of horses and culminating with the gala dinner and auction. ����������������������������������������������������� ������������������������������������������������������� ������������������
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Interested buyers will be able to preview the horses, test-ride them, and view their veterinarian records, including the most recent x-rays. Most importantly, they will be able to purchase Brazilian horses without the hassle of import fees or quarantine periods. Plus, attendees will meet the breeders directly rather than deal with an agent. Cecilia Gonzaga as well as Heather Bender will be available to answer questions about the breed or individual Collection horses. Last year, four Olympic riders along with international equestrians, respected instructors, dedicated amateurs and horse enthusiasts from across North and South America attended the showcase to preview the Collection. A Canadian horseman who bought six Lusitanos at the 2009 Auction said, “The Lusitano has been the best kept secret in the world. Now, it seems they are gaining widespread attention and popularity.” The 2010 Lusitano
Collection™ International Horse Auction promises to be an attractive and convenient place to view and ride quality horses, mingle with educated horse people and have intimate conversations with the horses’ breeders.
For more information about The 2010 Lusitano Collection™ International Horse Auction, visit www.lusitanocollection.
The 2010 Lusitano Collection™ International Horse Auction Wednesday, February 24 Thursday, February 25: Horse Tryouts & Veterinary Check Friday, February 26: Cocktail Reception and Collection Showcase Saturday, February 27: 2010 Horse Auction and Gala Dinner
VENUE: Jim Brandon Equestrian Center, 7500 Forest Hill Boulevard, West Palm Beach, Florida 33413
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by Dr. Lori
Antique Barn Lanterns Nowadays, barn lighting is no longer a luxury, but rather a necessity. Today providing a source of electricity to a distant barn on a vast estate or rambling farmstead is much easier than it was a century ago. While we all know that barn chores take place around the clock – day and night – our ancestors used certain types of antiques to light the way. Hand-held candles were an early, portable light option. From the Latin verb “candere” (to shine), candles served an important purpose however their open ﬂame presented ﬁre hazards and other problems in wooden plank horse barns ﬁlled with hay. While candles and candle holders served their purpose in the 17th and 18th Centuries, by the onset of the 19th Century, other lighting options were introduced. Betty lamps were one of the most popular and readily available light sources of the
1800s. Betty lamps were the lamps of the working class and they were commonly found in the workshops of tradesmen, on farms, and in barns. The betty lamp got its name from the German word “besser”, meaning better. Compared to earlier light sources, the betty lamp was indeed a better lamp. As a noun, “besser” describes the term used for a collector of ﬁnes or dues (maybe this has something to do with the crafty person who is able to ﬁnd someone even in the dark!)
The design of a typical 19th Century metal
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betty lamp was innovative and highly functional. Most betty lamps were round with a shallow, hinged reservoir for grease or animal oil fuel. Whale oil was most desirable and expensive fuel for such lamps. The betty lamp’s spout kept the wick and ﬂame in place. An important accessory to the betty lamp was an attached iron hook. This hook would allow the lamp’s user to set the lamp ﬁrmly onto a barn beam, loft panel, or protruding wooden peg. A betty lamp’s wick holder was an innovation as it along with the iron hook allowed for light to be provided while the user’s hands were free to Lanterns allowed a light perform other tasks. source to be carried from Early lighting enthusiasts amass colonial era place to place. Made of various materials, betty lamps and other barn lanterns. Typical candle lanterns were inexpensive necessities found on farms in the 19th Century Europe examples of antique betty lamps sell for and America. The beauty of a punched-tin $175 to $225 depending on condition and lantern is that the lantern’s design would other factors while barn lanterns in good condition from the same period are valued prevent starting a ﬁre if the lantern was acat $200 to $800 depending on maker, prov- cidentally knocked over. The candle’s ﬂame sitting on a spike within the lantern was enance, etc. On today’s market, some of the most valuable and signiﬁcant antiques come from barns and our agricultural heri������� tage.
Some of the most valuable and significant antiques come from barns and our agricultural heritage.
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for this issue includes The Lusitano Collection® Horse Auction in Wellington, Florida
Equine Business Builder’s Seminar, Easton, PA
Various Winter Horse Shows & Events Throughout The Region
Next Issue Deadline
The next issue of Elite Equestrian will be Spring 2010 and covers March, April and May. The deadline is February15, 2010. Call 570-656-0729 or 570-656-0730 or email info@EliteEquestrian.us to submit your ad copy. Rates and specs can be found inside the back cover. Page 16
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Equine chiropractic How do I know that my horse needs to be adjusted? By: Michael M. Burak, D.C. While approaching the end of my ﬁrst decade in private practice, I decided to expand my knowledge to include our four (4) legged animals. Don’t they need chiropractic care also? They have spinal columns, a spinal cord and peripheral nerves. If we get vertebral misalignments, they must get them also. While getting my certiﬁcation, my human patients always asked the same few questions. “Hey Doc, how do I know that my horse needs to be adjusted (align the spine)?” I would ask them the same questions. “How do you know that YOU need to be adjusted?” They would respond by saying that they had pain, stiffness, diminished range of motion, lethargy, they were miserable and did not feel good overall. Chiropractic is the art, science and philosophy that the nervous system controls everything in your body. The nervous system consists of the central nervous system (brain and spinal cord) and the peripheral nervous system (peripheral nerves). Nerve signals get transmitted from the brain to the periphery for motor functions (movements, etc) and from the periphery to the brain to transmit pain signals. Chiropractors use the term “vertebral subluxations” to explain what happens when the nervous system is not at its “optimum” or is in a state of “dis-ease.” The subluxation process has ﬁve (5) components. The ﬁrst is termed “spinal kinesiopathology” or lack of vertebral motion. The spinal segments need to be “in motion” for them to function properly. Fixations result in lack of range of motion and are the beginning of the subluxation process. The second phase is “spinal myopathology.” This describes muscle spasms that occur along with the ﬁxations. Next, there is “spinal histopathology.” This is a simple term for inﬂammation and swelling. This occurs during the ﬁrst 48-72 hours of an acute injury. The fourth Page 18
phase is “spinal neuropathology.” This describes pain, weakness in the extremities and all problems that are nerve related. Finally, we have “spinal pathophysiology.” This is the state of dis-ease that we were talking about above. It is at this state that we get the phone call to go see a horse. Since this problem most likely took months to develop, we have to explain to horse owners that most problems do not get ﬁxed overnight. The biggest difference that chiropractic has with allopathic medicine is that we ﬁnd and ﬁx the cause of a problem, not just help the animal cope with the pain by way of pain medication So, the question remains, how does one know that their horse needs to be seen by a chiropractor. The answer is relatively easy. Just look for the signs. Lameness issues. How does he look at the walk, trot, cantor and gallop? Is one side being favored compared to the other side? Is there visible limping? How is the horse’s demeanor? Is he miserable and non responsive to commands? Is he bucking or holding up? Does
imal state of health and should be seen by a chiropractor to have his spined aligned. Length and frequency of visits obviously are case by case. Depending on the issue, how acute or chronic it is, the severity of the problem, ages of the horse, etc will decide on how much treatment the horse requires. In conclusion, chiropractic care ﬁxes the cause of neuromusculoskeletal problems by aligning the spinal column. We believe that the spinal column houses and protect the he not want to be under saddle? I teach most important system in the body, the nermy students and educate my horse owners vous system. Without optimal spinal health, that the number one cause of vertebral the horse will be in a state of disease and subluxations and muscle spasms in the horse will not be able to function at its optimum. are poor ﬁtting saddles. Most horse owners Therefore, periodic chiropractic adjustments purchase saddles for their comfort are excellent choice for and not for the comfort of the prevention, maintenance horses. Is his performance off? Is and overall spinal health. he not as agile as he was? Is he compensating on the good side www.drmikeburak.com because another side hurts? Does he pin his ears when you touch him in certain ������������������������������ places which may be sore, painful and ��������������������������� inﬂamed? All of these are a beginning to ����������������� decide whether your horse is in a non-opt-
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TRAINING TIPS BY JAMES GEIBEL
“Keep your eyes up”. This is repeated often during beginner and intermediate riding lessons. But why? What is so important about eyes being up? In riding, balance is aided through the proper positioning of the rider’s head, upper body, arms, seat and lower legs. A riders eyes being placed in the head, with the head weighing 15 or 20 lb., can and does affect the whole balance of the rider and horse. The rider’s eyes are a positioning force for the head. When looking straight ahead, the head and neck are in-line and balanced with the rest of the upper body. When a rider starts looking down at the horse’s neck or the ground, there is a deﬁnite change of balance. This can be the beginning of the end, as far as a balanced ride is concerned. When the eyes get stuck looking or staring at anything, the neck of the horse, the ground, off into space, a jump, the rider will loose the sense of pace, impulsion and movement left and right. Your eyes will overpower all these other senses. When used nicely, eyes will be active and soft, blinking normally, not ﬁxed on anything for more than a heartbeat or two. The rider should look where they are going and may only glance brieﬂy at the shape of the horse’s neck, what the ears are doing and these sorts of things. Good eyes are very important in riding straight lines and round circles. These are the basis of good training. For a simple exercise to get your eyes up and working properly, with your horse, draw a rectangle in your ring. Find a point far ahead of you across your arena and ride straight to the point. As you come to the end of your arena and close to the point you picked, ﬁnd a spot at a right angle to you (right or left) and make your turn to ride straight toward that point. Continue in this manner three more times until you come to your original spot and Voilá! You have a perfect rectangle. This Page 20
Figure 1 exercise requires prior planning in order to complete properly, but as you practice it, it becomes almost second nature to be looking around a turn before you get to it. This will ultimately improve the balance of you as a rider, and in turn the horse and the overall ride that you and your horse achieve. Circles require many points along the imaginary ﬁgure you actually project out from your “minds eye”. Imagine the circle being a solid line of many points along the circle. Experiment with this in the same way you created the rectangle. You can do a lot on your own with a push from time to time from an instructor when things get confusing or unclear, though you are your own best instructor in many situations. In the pictures accompanying this article, the rider is demonstrating the proper position of the eyes and head, looking to the next jump. Even as she begins the jump in ﬁgure 1, she is already looking past the jump she is on and preparing for her turn to the next one. On landing in ﬁgure 2, she still holds her position but also continues looking with her eyes and ultimately her whole body. She is looking so clearly with her position to the next jump that her horse is actually turning along with her. The two exercises explained earlier in this article will prepare any rider to communicate with his horse the same way the rider in the pictures does.
Continued pg 22...
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������������������������� ��������������������������������������������������� Name____________________________________________________ $______ Address __________________________________________________ Phone_________________________ Email______________________ Additional registrant ________________________________________ $______ Additional registrant ________________________________________ $______ Additional registrant _______________________________________ $______ Vendor Table ............................................................................... $______ Total .......................................................................................... $______ Make check payable to Elite Equestrian LLC and mail to: Elite Equestrian, PO Box 764, Brodheadsville PA 18322 Please mail to be received by December 23, 2009.
Remember that good eyes are soft but active. Good eyes look early for the next jump, the next letter, or the next point along a curve or circle. As you develop an active and forward ride, your eyes will assist you in your path around a ring, whether you are jumping or not. Remember, straight lines and round circles. These are the foundations of being able to become a competent rider and partner to your horse.
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1. Theo Boris, Culver City, CA 2. Cayla Richards, Calabasas, CA 3. Jocelyn Neff, Newport Beach, CA 4. Navona Gallegos, Santa Fe, NM 5. Hannah Evans, Kirkland, WA
6. Nicole Husky, Paciﬁc Palisades, CA 7. Audrey Coulter, San Francisco, CA 8. Adrienne Dixon, Hillsborough, CA 9. Kylee Arbuckle, Torrance, CA 10. Alexandra Homes, Portland, OR
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1. Matthew Metell, Falmouth, MA 6. Jennifer Waxman, Chagrin Falls, OH 2. Jessica Springsteen, Colts Neck, NJ 7. Jacqueline Lubrano, Glenmoore, PA 3. Maggie McAlary, Amhurst, NH 8. Christy DiStefano, Ramsey, NJ 4. Elizabeth Lubrano, Glenmoore, PA 9. Shelby Wakeman, West Lake Village, CA 5. Samantha Ramsay, West Palm Beach, FL 10. Samantha Smith, Wakeﬁeld, RI
THE WAY OF HORSES ����������������������������������
What’s your dream? Do you want to win a world championship? Breed a Kentucky Derby winner? All is possible!
Rasha dreams of training and riding her ﬁlly along the Mediterranean Sea. But her dream has some complications most of us will never know. I met Rasha when she enrolled in an online course: “Responsible Horse Ownership”. During our correspondence I was delighted to ﬁnd horse crazy girls are the same everywhere even though circumstances can be much different—Rasha lives in Gaza City (Gaza Strip is between Israel and Egypt) and her city is frequently under bombing and gun ﬁre attack. Rasha loves horses. As a child she took riding lessons. Her ﬁrst dream, to own a horse, became a reality just a short time ago. She bought Ward, which is Arabic for “Rose”.
Once she is sure Ward and the other horses in the stable are ﬁne, she gives them hay. Rasha’s family grows grapes, hay and grain. The hay is stored loose. Automatic balers are rare and fuel to operate tractors is in short supply. Rasha described the hay as wheatlike grass that is native to the area. The water supply is checked for amount and cleanliness. Rasha was able to locate an automatic waterer for Ward’s paddock. The other horses use water troughs made of stone.
Rasha’s day is similar to every horse owner’s.
Water is a very valuable resource in the Gaza Strip. Electricity cannot be relied upon, as frequent outages occur, sometimes lasting for days. Fuel to run the generator is also in short supply. Water is stored in containers for emergencies.
In the morning she checks Ward for injuries or signs of illness as she does chores.
Corn is grown on the farm and is ground for horse feed. A black bean, which I could not
Ward was a 10 month old ﬁlly when Rasha brought her home from the breeder’s. Ward is of Arabian heritage and like all youngsters can be a handful at times.
More... Page 24
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Spring Barn Guide List your stable, riding academy, training facility, etc. in our spring issue’s Barn Guide. Five lines with bold heading for only
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identify, is also fed to Ward and the other horses at the stable. Grain and hay can be purchased in the city of Gaza. Much of it is imported from Egypt and Israel, as not enough can be produced locally to meet the demand. During sporadic attacks of bombing and sniping, supply can become short. Ward is fortunate that Rasha has access to a fairly secure source of feed. As Ward eats her breakfast, Rasha cleans the manure out of her paddock. The manure is spread on the ﬁelds by hand, using a wagon pulled by a horse. Ward is then groomed and taken out for exercise. She is lunging and understands voice commands for the basic gaits of walk, jog, lope and stop. Rasha has a trainer, Sa’ad, who will help her start Ward under saddle this fall. Rasha is fortunate Ward learned the command for whoa in early training. A bomb
exploded nearby as Rasha was leading Ward; with luck they made it back to the stable safely. There is very little pasture, as tillable ground is used for farm crops. Ward is kept in a large dry lot. The shelter is made of concrete blocks with a steel roof. The ground is very sandy. I asked Rasha about vaccinating and deworming the horses. She explained vaccines are hard to get, but paste dewormers are available. Horse owners use human tetanus vaccine for the horses - when they can get it. Ward’s farrier was taught how to trim and shoe horses in Saudi Arabia. He in turn taught his sons. The farrier’s main clients are the Palestinian police horses used to control the ﬂow of trafﬁc in Gaza City. Many streets are closed because of rubble from bombed buildings; creating congestion in the streets that are
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������������������������������������ Stable supplies need to be brought in from Israel or Egypt. Rasha’s sister lives in Jerusalem and is able to get into Gaza on work related business. Rasha tells her sister what she needs and her sister is sometimes able to get it. If the borders are closed it might be months before her sister can get in to Gaza with the items. A limited amount of tack is available at the market, but it is usually old and of poor quality. Some items can come through the tunnels that run between Egypt and Gaza. But these things are mostly for human needs; such as ﬂour, sugar, other food items, toiletries and fuel. Rasha sent me an email last week with the exciting news that her sister was able to come for ﬁve days. She brought an English saddle, bridle, some grooming tools and a bag of horse treats for Ward. By next summer Rasha hopes she will be able to take her ﬁrst ride along the Mediterranean Sea.
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A Guide To Searching for the Right Horse Property
By Brigita A. McKelvie, REALTOR® with Keller Williams Real Estate When searching for property for horses, you must ﬁrst know what you need to look for. Some seem to be under the impression that just because the property has acreage, that it is suitable for horses. Not so. There are many factors that come into play. Here is a list of what to look for. 1. Decide what area you are considering. Once you have narrowed down the list, check with zoning in those areas as to what the requirements are to keep horses. Zoning varies in every township. One area may require 10 acres or more to keep horses. Another may say 1 1/2 acres per horse or you may only keep 3 horses if under 10 acres. If keeping more than 3 horses, they consider it a business and would need more than 10 acres. So, check with zoning ﬁrst to be sure it ﬁts into your plans. 2. Make sure the property in large enough for what you want to do. If you just want to have the horses in your backyard, then you may only need a few acres for a barn, turnout and pasture. If you are planning to grow hay to supply your horses, you will, of course, need more acreage. Considering a boarding stable? Ample space will be needed to build a large barn to house the horses, have pastures to turn the horses out, plus, a large enough area to place a riding arena and an indoor arena (if that’s in your plans). Areas to keep horse trailers may be needed, also. 3. Is the acreage rocky? Horses can slip or trip on rocks while running and playing, and may get hurt. Stone bruises are possible also in these areas. (One thing you don’t need are more vet bills.) If the property has potential, then the rocks will need to be removed from the turnout areas. Page 28
4. Is the area ﬂat, or is it a mountainside? Horses are turned out for exercise. A ﬂat or a sloped & hilly area is ideal for turn out and riding. Hills and slopes are good to build horse’s muscles. If the fenced area is the side of a mountain, depending on the steepness, the horses will not be able to do much as far as running and playing. The side of a mountain might work if you are considering endurance riding. 5. Is the area swampy or in a ﬂood zone? One thing you don’t want to do is have horses stand in wet areas constantly. It is not good for their feet. Plus, have you ever tried to muck out a muddy area? It is very difﬁcult and the wheelbarrow tends to weigh a ton. (Some of you probably know what I mean.) If it is a ﬂood zone, I don’t think you want your horses ﬂoating downstream. 6. Is the property all woods? This can be doable, if you are willing to clear the woods out enough for the horses to have some clearing. The trees would be a perfect shelter from the elements. 7. Do the pastures and turnouts have “groundhog holes”? If there are groundhog holes in the pastures, it will take a lot to get rid of the pesky critters. If there is a family living in the area, it will take a while to rid them. You deﬁnitely do not want holes
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$789,000 2240 Brick Tavern Rd Quakertown, PA 18951 This is a lovely well maintained country style Tudor farmhouse with 4 bedrooms, and 2 full baths. The 10.33 acre property is secluded and private. Every inch of the property is manicured. The large open ﬂag lot boasts 4 large fenced pastures, a 7 stall (12x12) barn with rubber mats, tack room, removable divider for foaling stall, electric service and lights at each stall, 3 water hydrants-one on each side of barn-one inside barn’s run in from pastures. The barn has a hay lo�, ceiling fans, pressure treated wood lining the bo�om half of the stalls to prevent decay. The wonderful Tudor style county home features a brand new roof, new front entry door, fresh exterior paint, hardwood ﬂoors throughout, beamed ceilings and stone ﬁreplace. A large rear deck has a perfect view of horses grazing on the beautiful green pastures. This farm is very close to Nockamixon State park with 20 miles of riding trails, Green Lane Park with trails and horse camping, Blue Marsh Lake, and many more.
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where your horses are. They can step into one while running and injure themselves, even break a leg. I have personally gone the route of trying to rid the groundhogs and it is no easy job. 8. Are there weeds in the pastures or is there good grass for grazing? Weeds and horses are not a good combination. In this case the pastures may need to be redone. Some weeds are poisonous to horses, so you need to be careful as to what is in the pastures. 9. Is the barn sturdy and in good repair to house the horses? The barn and stable need to be in good condition to house the horses. If it is not, it will not hold your horses, not to mention one good storm and it can come down and possibly hurt the animals. 10. The ﬁeld should be free and clear of obstacles and debris. Horses are a lot like children. If they can get hurt and into things, they will. Therefore, everywhere the horse goes, the area must be free of obstacles. These are the basics you should look for when you are looking for horse properties. You want to be sure it is safe and right for your needs. Once this is all in place, go enjoy your horses.
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Your ad should be here! Advertise your spring listings in our next issue! (covers March through May) Deadline February 15, 2010. Email info@EliteEquestrian.us Page 32
EQUESTRIAN REAL ESTATE SHOWCASE Looking For a Bucks County Equestrian Property? Stone and redwood custom home with upgrades to rival new construction. Master bedroom with luxurious new bath featuring custom tile, large shower, jetted tub, radiant ﬂoor heat, towel warmers. This large home has endless ﬂexibility with In-law suite, Four more bedrooms upstairs AND a huge bonus room. Fabulous open kitchen has been totally redone w/ custom tile, loads of cabinets, granite counters, stainless appliances. The open foyer connects to the Maria Taylor, Realtor large living and family rooms that share a stone Equestrian Property Specialist ﬁreplace. Front & rear stairs. Brilliant views from every room featuring fenced pasture, 3 stall barn (room for more as this structure is Mobile: 215-317-3062 30x60). New septic system! Unique opportunity Direct: 215-862-7674 to ﬁnd all the space you need inside & out! Great Oﬃce: 215-862-3385 x7674 location with a country feel, but close to town & 4 Gazebo Place, Logan Square Central Bucks schools. Call Maria Taylor today New Hope, PA 18938 to arrange for your private showing.
Stewartsville, NJ A Little Over An Hour To NYC 10 acre farmette, 12 year old home designed by artist-owner. Huge barn with 2 silos await designer touch. Gorgeous gardens. Currently home to goats/llamas- zoned for horses. $795,000 Prudential Patt White Realty 610-258-0808, Eunice Nicusanti 908-303-5389
�������������������������������������������������������� NACMO is a fun, challenging sport that can be enjoyed at a fast or leisurely pace. It continues to grow because it is something out of the ordinary that allows riders to step outside their comfort zone yet not push their horses or themselves beyond reasonable limits. It gives additional purpose and challenge to anyone who enjoys taking their favorite equine partner on a trail ride. Whether a rider limits their equestrian hobby to pleasure riding or they usually enjoy more formal, disciplined pursuits such as showing or eventing, NACMO can be enjoyed by all. I started the NJ/NY/PA present day Competitive Mounted Orienteering (CMO) after participating in the CMO at Hundred Acre Farm in Warwick, NY in Nov. 1994, explains Janice Elsishans. The ride manager was Alice Martin. At the time Walter Olsen was the Executive Director of the National Association of Mounted Orienteering (NACMO). Walter resided in the State of Washington and was available to discuss the NACMO on his 800 telephone number. After many phone conversations, Walter invited me to ride a CMO in the State of Washington. He found me a horse and a place to stay. How could I resist? Since my husband’s sister lived in Portland, Oregon, I simply rented a car and drove to a designated location in Washington. The mountains of Washington appeared endless; oh Page 34
my gosh! One small error and I could be lost for a very long time. I have ridden several times in Washington. The rides consisted of two days and two ride managers at one location, plus camping. The ride was planned to be at least six hour long and riders drew from a suit of cards for starting times (be on time or be last). There were at least 40 participants. The day began with sun and ended in rain. The riding was fast and very competitive. There were no complaints. One of my mounts was named Snake. Snake? Snake was owned by the person managing the ride. Fantastic, I believe a horse of a ride manager is truly “a thinking horse”. The horse “could/should” take the rider to the objective. Did Snake help me
before. Little Red is an ex-gaming cow pony, 13 and a half hands of spunk and speed. She is still the fastest horse out of the gate and if you give her a cluck she pushes off with her strong hindquarters and you’d better hold on for dear life. Don’t pull her back too fast as she stops with a pop. We have ridden her on trails for about 10 or so years now and although it took awhile to slow her down, now she ﬁnds it is okay to just mosey along and enjoy the scenery. We started NACMO about 10 years ago and have had wonderful times. Long time N.J. State NACMO Champion Steve Luoni Our older horses especially enjoy it as they get to ride to a place, then with his trusted mount, DJ, before a ride. get tied up and stand, nibbling on grass or bushes for a while until we ﬁnd our out or not? Another time my mount was a objective. They stand very calmly and tie champion Paso Fino mare and my riding like a dream, waiting patiently until we repartner was an American Indian (Fred) mount. riding an Appaloosa named Taco. Fred also rode with a pack mule (in training). More than once their slow patient particThe mule’s back was wider than a couch! ipation has won us the blue ribbon, most reEventually the mule followed us without a cently at Susan’s ride on October 11. Keeplead rope. ing mostly to a walk through the sometimes rocky woods of Lewis Morris Park in New Where else could I have met so many really Jersey, we were the only ones to ﬁnd all our great people, horses, a mule and have so objectives (even the hard one in the tall much enjoyment than on a NACMO ride? grass) and get back with the second fastest I was hooked. I decided to start a chapter on the east coast, and the rest is history. CMOs are truly a fabulous outlet for riders from any discipline and skill level with any reliable mount. Long time NACMO participant and ride manager, Jean Nonnemaker shares her experiences with her older horses: Thank goodness for older horses! My husband and I usually ride our older steeds, Nutmeg Dandy, who is now 29, and Little Red, or Equifa de Mentira, who is 26. Both are sturdy quarter horses, ﬁt and ready to go to NACMO when we hook up the trailer. We’ve had Dandy since he was 6 and he still rules the barn, putting the others in their place. He is getting a little swayback now so we bought him a special pad and use a lightweight synthetic saddle. He likes a good trot, and still gallops up hills, although we do have to watch for stumbling on roots and rocks and running downhill now as he doesn’t catch himself quite as quickly as
Long time participants Dawn Pompella and her son, Joel from Hazleton, PA. time to capture ﬁrst place. Our winnings this season include two ﬁrsts, a second and a third out of 4 sanctioned rides and the credit goes totally to our wonderful steeds.
We captured our other ﬁrst this year by only 10 minutes after taking a shortcut via a narrow wooden walkway over a swampy area. There was no way to go around and it was a long way back, so we dismounted and led our calm and steady mounts on the narrow path. Many a time they have climbed a steep bank to go up and around a tree that has fallen across the trail, even while other horses have turned back. At an age when many people are retiring their horses to the paddock or worse, our two still enjoy their outings and make us very competitive. They perk up their ears when we hook up the trailer and jump right in. We couldn’t ask for two better friends - they would follow us to the ends of the earth. As Janice and Jean have testiﬁed, NACMO is a wonderful outlet to stretch your equine skills by tackling a variety of situations while mingling with a diverse group of equestrians. Even riders who prefer the show ring enjoy the change of pace offered by a CMO event. It gives them the opportunity to require different tasks from their horses. Not just typical trail obstacles, but dismounting and remounting, standing tied, retracing the same trails, negotiating varied terrain- one never knows what they will encounter on a CMO, and it all contributes to forming a well rounded mount.
NACMO veteran John Samtak ﬁres up the grill for the lunch he is providing as the ride manager. are not uncommon. Each rider gets a map of the area. The sites where the objectives are hidden are circled and numbered. Once a team believes they are near a circled area, they start looking for the clues associated with that site. Natural clues such as certain type of tree on the north side of the trail are more difﬁcult to ﬁnd than an unnatural clue like a sign or a ribbon. However, in a forest, even something that you would assume should stand out, might not. Some typical clues might be: 55 degrees from a 2’ high pine stump, 120 degrees from a fallen birch, and 78 degrees from a handful of coins on a rock as pictured to the left.
All the azimuths at a each site point to the same hidden objective: a white paper plate with a word written on it. Don’t be fooled, in following the imaginary line, one must be looking up as well as down and even all around. The plate could be hidden at eye level behind loose bark of a tree, or in a bush, or even down inside a hollow stump.
Most rides start sending riders out at 9 a.m. as they are ready. Usually all the teams are in the woods by 11 a.m. Teams can be any number of people, most consist of two or three, but singles and groups of 4 or more
Once the plate is spotted, write the word down and move on to the next site. Placing is determined by how many objectives are found and the fastest time. It is always better to ﬁnd all the clues and have a longer time.
Awards include ribbons for ﬁrst through sixth place. The fourth place ribbon is a striking black and white, making fourth place the most coveted placing after ﬁrst! Each rider also gets to choose a small prize. The ride manager provides the main dish for the lunch that begins when the ﬁrst team returns. Each person is asked to bring a side dish or dessert to share as well, making a great pot luck feast that everyone looks forward to. Riders and horses accumulate points for their placings for each season, and from year to year. Ride managers also receive points for the number of rides managed. Prizes such as halters, sheets, and jackets available for purchase are offered at various point levels. Most NACMO chapters host an annual dinner to recognize point levels. It’s also common to provide personalized awards for each chapter. One year our group gave a ﬂash light to the team with the longest time! While being competitive, the camaraderie enjoyed by the participants far outweighs the placings. CMOs are a great way to add variety to your equestrian ventures and make new friends as well. Go to www.NACMO.org to ﬁnd an updated listing of events for 2010. The NJ/NJ/PA State Director, Janet Citron can be emailed at firstname.lastname@example.org
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Beginning with the return of the horse to the Americas in 15th century, this historic exhibition traces how captured horses would change the lives of Native peoples throughout the Americas. Paired with the introduction of the gun, the mounted Plains warrior was a formidable ﬁghter, upsetting old alliances among the tribes and frustrating European advances. “A Song for the Horse Nation”, now open at the Smithsonian’s National Museum of the American Indian in New York, the George Gustav Heye Center will present 98 works, including elaborate horse trappings, clothing and photographs. “This exhibition, which traces the accomplishments and identity of Native people and the horse, perfectly complements our previous exhibition about Native women’s dresses, ‘Identity by Design,’” said John Haworth (Cherokee), director of the Heye Center. “We are so proud to be premiering this exhibition, which will travel the country, here in New York.” “A Song for the Horse Nation” includes many examples of elaborate horse trappings, including a dazzling horse crupper adorned with exceptionally ﬁne quillwork (Cree or Red River Metis, ca. Page 38
1850) and clothing adorned with images of the horse, such as a colorful Lakota baby bonnet (South Dakota or North Dakota, ca. 1900). New work has also been commissioned for the exhibition. A dazzling horse mask, with yellow, blue-gray and dark-red quillwork and trimmed with fresh-cut feathers, was created by Juanita Growing Thunder (Assiniboine/Sioux). The work is based on a 19thcentury Northern Cheyenne quilled horse mask, also included in the exhibition. Originally native to the American continent, horses became extinct but were reintroduced by the Spanish, and later by the French, English and Dutch—beginning with Columbus’ second voyage in 1493. Native people soon adopted the horse and became some of the world’s best horsemen. Horses were used to enhance trade, expand territory, facilitate hunting and wage war. Included in the exhibition will be a Lakota winter count (ca. 1902) by Long Soldier (Hunkpapa Lakota) that depicts when horses were ﬁrst sighted by the community. Paired with the introduction of the gun, the mounted Plains warrior was a formidable
ﬁghter,upsetting old alliances among the tribes and frustrating European advances. Young men proved their valor through the horse raid, where they captured horses from enemy camps. Horses also became integrated in Native American cultural and spiritual life, representing the primary virtues of agility, grace and beauty. The exhibition includes a graceful dance stick (ca. 1890) by No Two Horns (Hunkpapa Lakota), created to honor his horse that died at the Battle of Big Horn. (pictured on previous page) Later, the rise of reservations, the U.S. Army’s calculated destruction of American Indian ponies and government policies that forced Native people to adopt farming eroded the day-to-day relationship of Native people and horses. Despite these changes, the horse’s place in Native culture and memory remains strong. The Crow Nation has actively maintained its horse traditions and others, like the Nez Perce, are engaged in rebuilding their horse breeds and revitalizing their equestrian way of life. The Future Generations Ride that involves Native youth has evolved from The Big Foot Memorial Ride, held as a healing ride to honors those massacred at Wounded Knee in South Dakota. The exhibition is scheduled to close on July 7, 2011 and, along with museum admission, is free. The exhibition will then continue at the National Museum of the American Indian in Washington, D.C. from October 2011 through January 2013. Afterward, the exhibition is expected to tour nationally through the Smithsonian Institution Traveling Exhibition Service program (SITES)
Visit www.nmai.si.edu for more information ������� ����������������������������������������������������� ��������������������������������������������������������������� ��������������������������������������������������������� ��������������������������������������������������������������� ����������������������������������������������������������� ���������������������������������������������������������������� �������� ������������������������������������������������������������ ��������������������������������������������������� �������������������������������������������������������� �������������������������������������������������������������� ��������
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Savory Sampler held at the Mercer Museum, Doylestown, PA on October 9th, 2009. Proceeds from this event beneﬁt education programs at the Mercer Museum and Fonthill.
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• Corrective Shoeing • Ornamental Blacksmithing Gates Railings Lighting Repairs
610-972-6768 Elite Equestrian
Elite Equestrian Fall Horse Expo at Delaware Valley College on November 1st, 2009.
Briar Patch Farms Manure Removal Derby Fence
The equine studies students did some impressive demonstrations with their equine behavior class. This horse is retrieving an object on command.
Meadow Brook Farms All Natural Beef and Hay Farm
Ivy Hill Farm and Equestrian Journey
New Meadow Farm
These magniﬁcent custom made mohogany tack trunks by Atlantic Woodworking were very popular at the show. They have room for your saddle, blankets, bridles, even a crop holder, and much more! The Equine Behavior Class demonstrated “Clicker Training” with horses that are at various levels in their training. This horse has mastered bowing.
Karen Schell from Straight Arrow Products did a very informative lecture about grooming techniques.
Visit our web site for more photos. Our next issue will have photos from the Fall Horse Expo at the Allentown Fairgrounds. www.EliteEquestrian.us
Please send photos of your event to www.EliteEquestrian.us with information about your event.
EVENTS Now through October 2010: Horse Nation Smithsonian National Museum of the American Indian in New York, the George Gustav Heye Center is located at One Bowling Green in New York City, call (212) 514-3700 or visit the museum’s Web site at www.americanindian.si.edu. January 11: Equine Business Builder Seminar See page 21 April 10: Elite Equestrian Spring Horse Expo Allentown Fairgrounds, Allentown PA www.EliteEquestrian.us April 17: Tack Swap Northampton County 4H Center, Nazareth PA. Tables can be reserved after Jan. 2. For info call Jan Martin 610-837-7294
Horse Park Of New Jersey At Stone Tavern www.horseparkofnewjersey.com 2010 CALENDAR OF EVENTS Jan. 9-10: Woodedge at the Park Contact: Bob Allen (856) 235-5623 Friday and Saturday Night Schooling Jan. 17-18: Bob Allen Schooling Clinic Contact: Bob Allen (856) 235-5623 Jan. 23-24: Woodedge at the Park Contact: Bob Allen (856) 235-5623 Friday and Saturday Night Schooling Feb. 6-7 Woodedge at the Park Contact: Bob Allen (856) 235-5623 Friday and Saturday Night Schooling Feb. 14-15: Bob Allen Schooling Clinic Contact: Bob Allen (856) 235-5623
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Call: 908-391-7768 email@example.com
Feb. 20-21: Woodedge at the Park Contact: Bob Allen (856) 235-5623 Friday and Saturday Night Schooling March 6-7: Woodedge at the Park Contact: Bob Allen (856) 235-5623 Friday and Saturday Night Schooling March 20-21: Woodedge at the Park Contact: Bob Allen (856) 235-5623 Friday and Saturday Night Schooling April 2-3: Barrel Racing Clinic SHARON CAMARILLO FUNDAMENTALS Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org April 10: Dressage Schooling Show April 11: Heritage Alpaca Event April 17–18: Garden State Appaloosa
Classiﬁeds GGT Footing –now available in The US! Ofﬁcial Footing of the 2010 Winter Equestrian Festival. Used through-out the world Part of the footing for the Alltech World Equestrian Games 2010 864-804-0011 email@example.com www.ggt-footing.com Stalls Available Magnolias & Snowbirds Farm, Pen Argyl $425/month, call for details 570-234-6296 Natural Hoof Trimming Practitioner Ultimate performance and quality hoof growth! Increases agility, smoother gaits, better attitude, endurance, speed, & traction. Specializing in Corrective Trimming. Lehigh Valley area. Read my article www.quarterkranch.com Ramey & Jackson methods. 610-730-4973 PA Horse Mall Find horses, tack, trailers and much more. Buy and Sell at www.PaHorseMall.com serving PA/OH/WV No computer? Call for advertising or other info. 724-791-1144 For Country Estates and Equine Properties refer to a proven Equestrian and Luxury Real Estate Professional, Thea Stinnett, Coldwell Banker Hearthside Realtors, Previews International, Washington Crossing, PA 215-493-1877 ext 122 or 215-253-7754 Thea.firstname.lastname@example.org www.cbhearthside.com/theastinnett Meadowview Saddlery 2255 Foulkes Mill Rd, Quakertown PA 18951 215-538-2454 email@example.com SHOP THE FALL CLEARANCE SALE at Sarahmarr.com. Elegant horseshoe handbags reduced to $100. A unique holiday gift for the horse lover in your life. Show now, limited selection. www.sarahmarr.com Are Your Horses Ready For Winter And The Changes In Their Diets? Fastrack Equine Micro Bial Supplement can help. And you don’t have to pay retail. For information contact Gerry at 607-458-5579 or firstname.lastname@example.org www.conklin.com/site/norcrest
Berks Equine Council is a non-proﬁt membership organization that serves as an educational resouce and promotes activities for local equine enthusiast and professionals, thus enhancing the quality of life in Berks County. 717-515-5468 or www.BerksEquineConcil.org
Buxmont Riding Club Schooling horse shows and more! www.buxmontridingclub.com Keystone Miniature Horse Club Club for miniature horse owners, fun shows, clinics, meetings with speakers, etc. Call for info: 570-488-6264 www.keystonemhc.com Lehigh Valley Dressage Association LVDA is a non-proﬁt organization that is devoted to promoting dressage in Eastern PA and Western NJ. We hold seven schooling shows, clinics and an annual USDF Recognized Show at the BCHP each year. See www.lvda.org or call 610-837-7889 for more information. The Lehigh Valley Horse Council is a non-proﬁt organization devoted to promoting equine activities and the educating of the horse owner and the general public. We sponsor clinics or lectures featuring knowledgeable persons on varying aspects of horse ownership and horsemanship. For Info: 610-837-7294 NACMO National Asso. of Competitive Mounted Orienteering www.nacmo.org Penn Jersey Horse Showing Association Visit our web site for information about the PJHSA, events, membership forms, rules, and more. www.PJHSA.com
Tinicum Park Polo Club River Rd (Route 32), Erwinna. Matches every ����������������������������������������������������������� Saturday at 2pm. Last game of this season is ������������������������������������������������������ Oct 3. $5 per car load, guests receive a rafﬂe ticket for drawing. Please keep dogs on a ��������������������������������������������� leash at all times. Social memberships with & ������������������������������������������� without tents are available. Call to check for ����������������������������������������������� cancelations due to weather or ﬁeld conditions before each game! “BUSINESS CARD” SIZED ADS www.tinicumpolo.org 908-996-3321
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Information on Non-Proﬁt Organizations is listed FREE of charge, space permitting. Call 570-656-0730 or email info@EliteEquestrian.us
Why advertise to the equestrian market? The following are several equestrian statistics that will help to illustrate the beneﬁts of advertising to the equestrian market. • The estimated consumer yearly expenditure by USA Equestrian membership is $2 billion • 27,000,000 people over the age of 12 ride a horse at least once a year • 14,580,000 people over the age of 12 ride a horse on a regular basis • 2,200,000 people own horses in the United States • 88,000,000 attend horse-related events • The average income of an individual who subscribes to an English style equestrian magazine is $105,900 • The ratio of the horse owners to non-horse owners who have an annual income over $100,000 is 4:1 • The average home value is $412,000 • 15% own a second home • 43% travel on an airplane more than 16 times a year • 78% are members of a frequent ﬂyer program • 97% own one or more credit cards • 55% of the automobiles owned were purchased last year • The average age is 39 • 85% of the participants are female • 80% of equestrians have a minimum of a four-year college degree • The equestrian audience participates in an average of 14 events a year • 40% report an individual income in excess of $150,000 (Source: USA Equestrian: Proﬁle of 80,000 members and on-site audiences)
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All Ad Prices Include: •Full Color •Web Link • Digital On-Line Magazine Ad • 3 Months Of Advertising To Your Target Market Prices per issue for: Prices per issue for premium positions: Full Page: 4.9”w x 7.4”h $500 Pages 2-5:(full page)$600 Half Page: 4.9”w x 3.6”h $290 BackCover:(full page)$650 Quarter Page: 2.4”w x 3.6”h $160 Front Cover: $1,500 Eighth Page: 2.4”w x 1.8”h $100 Includes photo on front cover (mgmt must approve) and two Business Card: 2.4”w x 1.45”h $60 page centerfold feature highlight article of your equine
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Next Issue: Spring 2010, Available 3-1-10, Deadline: 2-15-10 Page 46
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Auditing with “Kim Walnes” Kim competed on her legendary “The Gray Goose” in Europe and the U.S. As a member of the U.S. Equestrian Team from 1980 through 1986. In addition to ranking third in the world, Kim and Gray won the United States National Championships Rolex and came in second at the CCI in Boekelo, Holland. Audit or Ride with Kim Walnes, audit $20.00 per person with a question and answer period afterward. Call for lessons by appointment only. Call for information.
Withhold no good from those to whom it is due, when it is in the power your hand to do it. Proverbs 3:27 Page 48 Elite of Equestrian
Elite Equestrian magazine winter issue 2009