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lite E questrian



Celebrating The Equestrian Lifestyle

Volume 17 Issue 6 Complimentary

EVENTING Ocala Jockey Club


Trailer To Truck


Gift Guide

Proper Bend with Lynn Palm




2018 4 Star 6 Horse Head to Head The Ultimite in a Head to Head

• • • • •

Converts to 4, 5 or 6 horse Converts into 3 box stalls Fully insulated roof Dressing room Large windows for max air flow

• • • • •

Saddle racks, bridle hooks Hydralic Jack Side ramp Rear ramp Extra tall and extra wide

Drop by or call and let us tell you the 4 Star Difference! www.coas�ocoas� 14



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�������������������������������������� ������������������������������������� ����������������������������������������� �������������������������������������� Publisher: Bill Vander Brink Editor in Chief: Noelle Vander Brink Advertising Sales, N.E.Region: Kathy Dress 610-420-9964 Advertising Sales, National: Diane Holt 713-408-8114 Art & Antiques Editor: Dr. Lori Verderame Equine Art Editor: Jeanne Chisholm Health Editor: Marilyn Miller-Heath Fashion Editor: LA Pomeroy Legal Editor: Avery S., Chapman,Esquire Saddle Specialist Editor: Jochen Schleese



Celebrating The Equestrian Lifestyle

Volume 17 Issue 6 Complimentary

EVENTING Ocala Jockey Club


Trailer To Truck


Gift Guide

Proper Bend with Lynn Palm

Contributing Writers Jessica Cooney Alessandra Deerinck Dr. Amy Hayek Dr. Bill Ormston Lynn Palm Ann S. Reilly, PhD Tom Scheve Ron Stalman Social Media: Vanessa Ashton Photography: Steven Edward

NEXT ISSUE: Jan/Feb 2018 Deadline: December 8, 2017 Editorial Deadline: December 1, 2017 FL Show Season Health: Breeding/Foals Fashion: Winter Trends

On The Cover: Ocala Jockey Club 2017 photo by Elite Equestrian magazine BONUS DISTRIBUTION: January/February HITS: Ocala Winter Circuit • HITS: Thermal Show Series • FEI Nations Cup, Ocala, FL Arabian National • Dressage Under The Oaks, FL • Jubile Dressage Series Sweetyheart Cup, Orlando FL • Live Oak International • The Ridge Show Series Wellington Masters • Equiventures Winter Horse Trials 1 & 2 Clinton Anderson Downunder Horsemanship Clinic, FL • Santa Barbara Circuit S. FL Reining Horse Asso Series • Snowbirds Paradise Show, Orlando, FL Venice Equestrian Tour Series • Florida Dressage Concours I & II

For Media Kit email:

Elite Equestrian is a registered trademark owned by Elite Equestrian LLC. No article, photo, or part of this publication may be reproduced without written consent. Management reserves the right to approve or refuse any advertiser or contribution for any reason. EE does not endorse any product or advertiser and is not responsible for accuracy of info/opinions provided by advertisers or article content. Photographs are submitted by writers of each article who assume responsibility for usage approval. ©2017





questrian Celebrating The Equestrian Lifestyle


2017 Features

44 Cover Story Ocala Jockey Club International 3-Day Event


Departments Fashion • Home • Art�

20 Holiday Gift Guide For You & Your Horse 26 Gift Ideas Noble Outfitters™ 32 Intrepid Apex Eventers Necklace 34 Chisholm Gallery Ann Hansson 36 For The Dogs 38 More Fashion Bags You Must Have! 40 Dr. Lori Holiday Favorites


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People & Places

42 His & Hers Justin Nicholson 46 Snake River 48 Montage Bluff


Training, Tack & Showing


55 Eye to Eye 64 Q & A Choosing the right bridle 68 Balance and Proper Bend 74 Ilsa Schwartz Clinic

Equine Health

50 Hoof Anatomy 101 Part s 54 Sarcoids Treatment & Management



72 Match Your SUV and Trailer 75 Tack Box Retail & Service Source



H olidayGIFT


���������������� New, Spitfire Show Bows: Two for you, and one for Pony too! Boxed set of 3 Bows. Ask for them by name at your favorite Equestrian Retailer or call 718-729-2454. Wholesale: Made with love in NYC. See our ad page 69


����������������������������������� Don’t you wish you had one of these growing up? Almost as good as the real thing. This horse is meant to be played with...ride it, comb and braid the mane and tail, put on her blanket, feed her...and with the best house manners. Complete with real hair mane & tail, and a full play pack! Custom paint horse color, Choose saddle color, Add names/special message to base. Order Now for Christmas delivery!!!! These Horses are all custom painted !!!! $3695 + shipping FOB Deland, Florida My Pretty Pony Measurements are....Total 20” wide, 56” Long and 41” high, Base is 20” wide, 36”long and 13” high, Weight: 230 pounds uncrate Has a Quarter slot, good to get chores done and give as a reward too!

An all natural hair serum that adds shine and luster to dull or dry hair. Use it after you wash, in the middle of the day or before an evening out to give your hair a boost of moisture and shine. Has a clean and natural smell that you will love. Great for a trip to the beach. This product contains no chemicals, preservatives or unnecessary additives. EssentiallyBewitched

See our ad page 85


������������������������ Jumper Equestrian Girl Creeper made of 100 % Cotton with embroidery and ribbon. Comes in sizes 3-6 Months, 6-12 Months, 12-18 Months. Equestrian Baby boots made with cotton and fleece. Comes in sizes 3-6 Months and 6-9 Months Special for EE readers! 30% off any purchase on the website (excludes sale items) use code WB2017. 970-779-0382

����������������� ����������������� This classic show jacket is made from 100% wool with a soft satin lining and has a double rear vent. Available in Green Check and Green Herringbone. See our ad page 37

A complete collection of notecards for horse lovers: humorous, Christmas, portrait by artist Jocelyn Sandor Urban. Lots of new designs! Portrait commissions, stories of farm life, brand new website! (formerly Fursure Enterprises, Inc.) See our ad page 35




��������������������� ���������������� Dian Malouf’s sterling silver hinge cuff bracelet. 214-520-3123 x113 Made in the USA Treat yourself or a loved one to a fabulous pair of DeNiro BootCo riding boots this holiday season! Expertly handcrafted, attention to detail, use of the finest leather and a flair for innovation and design. Choose classic competition boots or design your own custom boots with endless possibilities. Hunter/Jumper, Dressage, Polo and Western boots. Contact info@denirobootco. com for more information. Model shown is from our Savage collection See our ad page 23

See our ad page 30

The Plaid Horse Scoop Neck Sweater by ZIKY is super soft and comfortable. Choose this relaxed sweater with a variety of fun prints, like this plaid design or a leopard pattern. Sizes S -XL. $ 45.00 The perfect gift for your equestrian friends! See our ad page 23

“I am not afraid... I was born to do this.” - Joan of Arc. An exclusive Fine Jewelry collection handcrafted by Lesley Rand Bennett in Scottsdale, Arizona 480-585-3080 See our ad page 23


© Lesley Rand Bennett


��������������������������� that protects your beloved horse’s hair and stands up to your active equestrian lifestyle. Horseshoe pendant in sterling silver and 14kt gold inset with a 2mm horsehair braid. Diamonds and engraving by special 510-847-4691 See our ad page 33

This delicate necklace has a center bar with four horse shoe prints in a walking pattern and the reverse says “Hoof Beats”.Earrings also say “Hoof Beats” on the reverse. Sterling is just $49 , Bronze is $39 www.TempiDesignDesignStudio 855-KEEPSKE See our ad page

������������������������������ combines the ancient symbol for Infinity with the never ending love for the horse. All jewelry is sterling silver and is made with love in Santa Fe, New Mexico. Pamela Kellett See our ad page 29

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with two forms of Penetrating Vitamin C, with Skin Barrier Protection. Effectively delivers Vitamin C beneath the Dermis to keep Collagen growth stimulated and healthy.” See our ad page 29


Make a statement at your farm entrance with a beautiful and affordable customized farm sign. Our popular New England Style signs have unlimited styles and options to choose from. Our website will guide you through a unique step by step process where you get to choose the options you want and see complete pricing along the way. Free sign proofs, fast turnaround and free shipping! Build your sign today at 1-800-640-8180 See our ad page 36

ZIKY custom bridle bag, hand made in USA. Fun pack cloth colors and patterned fleece lining options. Can be monogrammed. Also available with metal bridle rack. Machine washable. To view the entire equestrian travel collection visit - Starting at $ 79.95 See our ad page 23

����������������� The Well Chosen gift basket. We’ve chosen some of our favorites, sure to please most all riders and perfect for holiday giving. An artisan hand cast ornament, a fine German brush, and hand lotion up to challenge of a riders hands are among the products beautifully pack-aged for the equestrians on your list. Custom basket always available, See our ad page 76


Auburn Leathercrafters’ Natural Cotton and Leather Leash features cotton rope grown and produced in the USA, plus genuine Wickett and Craig chestnut bridle leather, for a strong, soft, and comfortable lead. Features durable solid brass snap. Available in both snap and slip styles. Check website for coordinating collars. Available at fine retailers and See our ad page 36 22

Look perfect in our Perfect Fit Logo Sweater! Made from an incredibly comfortable and breathable merino wool blend that helps regulate natural body temperature for just the right amount of warmth. This sweater epitomizes its name - Perfect Fit. S-XL- makes a great gift at $90. Exclusively on See our ad page 33

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Gi�s your HORSE reat G will LOVE

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Deluxe Dressage pads in 2 sizes and colors. Success Equestrian Non Slip Saddle Pads with Purpose. A portion of the proceeds is donated to Equestrian Aid Foundation. For more information, go to www. See our ad pg 47

���������������� HW Brand Flex Strap Connectors, for use with HW Brand Round Pens, are available in 40’ and 60’ six-rail and are made of 16 gauge oval tubing. Flex Strap Connectors are safer and more versatile than other connecting systems. See our ad on page 2 for more details. www. See our ad page 2


The Back on Track Royal Quick Wraps are a favorite among horse owners. Don’t have a pair? Take advantage of our holiday special and get a free pair when you purchase any horse sheet* from Back on Track! Our products are made with our state-of-the-art Welltex material, which utilizes your horse’s own body energy to create a soothing far infrared effect, allowing for increased blood circulation and relaxed muscles, tendons, joints, and ligaments. *This offer does not include the Exercise Sheet or the Burgundy, Hunter Green, or Navy Mesh Sheets. See our ad page 49

�������� ������������� is the veterinarian approved way to aid your horses digestive health while eliminating hay waste. It is made of knotless nylon netting with 1 and 1/2 in openings, closes with a patented safety fastener and is available in all bale sizes. Everyone loves a gift that keeps their horses healthy and saves them money, so order one for your horse lover today, at: or tollfree: 866-389-9952 -One year warranty-’ See our ad page 55


���������������������� Meeting the demand from trainers and riders for high quality, affordable used French saddles that fit the rider and fit the horse! Brands we know, love and carry include CWD, Antares, Butet, Voltaire, Devoucoux, and Delgrange. Offering 7 day trials and free shipping! See our ad page 61


The Lay-Flat Hose QuickReel has mounting holes on the bottom side of the frame panels for mounting to a cart or vehicle. The reel is also available with an ATV trailer cart assembly. Proudly Made in the USA by our team of craftsmen at!! See our ad page 61

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Fall & winter are an especially difficult time for our Senior horses. They deserve extra help to maintain weight, energy and superior overall health as their metabolic systems become less efficient with age and the additional stress of cold weather. FOCUS SR contains a daily serving of our own SOURCE micronutrients providing a unique spectrum of support vitamins and minerals plus, digestive enzymes, beneficial microbes, anti-oxidants and essential fatty acids. 3.5 lb., 25 lb. 800-232-2365 See our ad page 51

Infinitely adjustable luxury. Every once in a while, true innovation creates the ultimate experience for the rider who wants performance and comfort packaged in well-appointed luxury. The Tribute by Schleese 800-225-2242 See our ad page 63

�������� ���������������� Your Horse will love a softer cookie that is wheat, corn, soy and alfalfa free LOW CARB LOW SUGAR GREAT FOR THE MATURE HORSE AND THE YOUNGSTER MADE WITH HUMAN GRADE INGREDIENTS See our ad page 5 Fly Whisp – Keep annoying flies at bay when you are trail riding. Custom made Fly Whisps available with your horses hair or ours. Choose your handle – choose your leather colors. Order now for a holiday gift or as a memorial to your favorite trail partner. See our ad page 69

����������������������� ���������������������� ULTRA/O3 contains GLO-MEGA coat nutrition, a proprietary blend of plantbased organic chia seed oil and vitamin E, which provides a highly concentrated source of Omega 3 fatty acids in a more anti-inflammatory ratio of Omega 3 to Omega 6 fatty acids. Amazing results have been reported. ULTRA/O3 is available in Ocala at Equine Medical Center of Ocala and Ocala Equine Hospital, or online through participating vets at Contact Spectra at 1-800-527-0375 for more information. See our ad page 53

One of the best features of all in the Nettles Stirrup is the use of only the highest quality materials on the market – from wood to leather to steel. Add exceptional craftsmanship from the design to the finished stirrup and you’ve got a stirrup you can trust. That’s what Nettles Stirrups are all about and the Nettles Trademark guarantees it. Visit us online at See our ad page 39

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We all have that one person in our lives who is a challenge to buy for when it comes to holiday gi�s. Whether they seem to have everything they want or they are not keen on voicing their wish list, Noble Outfi�ers can help you find the perfect present for that hard-to-shop for equestrian in your life.

For the Cool Weather Rider They are excited that the falling leaves, rain clouds and chilly breezes are finally here. The perfect ride is early in the morning before the fog has burned off when the frigid air brings energy to their horse’s feet.

If this sounds like your friend or loved one, trying to make their morning rides more comfortable might be the key to success when shopping for gifts. Consider items that will provide plenty of warmth like the beanies, headbands, scarves and cold weather riding gloves. 26

Something to Keep the Ears Warm

Fashionable yet functional, the Jessie Beanie and Jessie Headband are crafted from an incredibly warm wool blend. The beanie features novelty stitch detailing and is available in either Cranberry Heather and Grey Heather or Navy Heather and Duchess Blue Heather. The headband can be found in either Cranberry Heather or Grey Heather and has soft fleece lining along the inside of the headband for added warmth and comfort. Both are perfect for keeping your ears warm in the early morning hours or evenings.

Brave the Cold

Lightweight and ultra soft, the Fearless Scarf will help them brave the nipping cold that rolls in this time of year. While it is the perfect piece to keep them warm during a ride, it is also very versatile and goes just as well with non-riding outfits. Available in three stylish patterns, you are sure to find one they’ll fall in love with.


Fearless Scarf running horse

Jessie Beanie in cranberry heather

Jessie Headband in gray heather

For the Love of Glove

Cold fingers mean less dexterity and less dexterity tends to make riding more difficult. Keep their hands warm. Buy them a new pair of gloves. If you live in an area that gets snow, gloves built specifically for cold weather, like the Winter Riding Glove likely your best bet. Waterproof, breathable, insulated and constructed with a ribbed cuff, it is the perfect glove to withstand the elements. If you live in a warmer climate, the innovative and versatile Perfect Fit Glove is up to the task and available in some fun new colors and patterns.

Winter Riding Glove



The Fashionable One

Whether they are at work, school, the gym or the barn, they always look great. When asked, “Who’s the most stylish person you know?” you think of them immediately. They are passionate about their sport and are always looks to add a bit of equestrian flair to their wardrobe. Does this remind you of someone on your “to-shopfor” list? Turn you attention to accessories that have that equestrian flair they are looking for.

Snaffle Bit Bracelt antique brown

Something as Unique as They Are

With equestrian-inspired hardware, the Snaffle Bit Bracelet makes it easy to show off a love of horses and the sports associated with them, but that’s not all that makes this simple and beautiful piece stand out. Each bracelet is unique, so when you buy one for your loved one, you do so knowing that there isn’t another one out there like theirs. This is thanks to each bracelet having a unique texture whether it be distressed, pebbled or stingray.

Inspired by Horses for Horse Lovers Designed by a genuine English saddler, the Pony Print belt was inspired by the hoof print of a shod horse and like the In the Stirrup Bracelet, simplicity is what gives this piece its appeal. Crafted from genuine leather this stylish belt is embossed with horseshoes and is available in multiple colors, making an easy addition to any equestrian’s wardrobe.

Stirrup Bracelt spruce

Bit By Bit

With traditional padded leather with an accent color and inlaid snaffle bits, the On the Bit Belt and On the Bit Bracelet are available in a new color for fall and make great finishing touches to any riding outfit.

Beautiful Simplicity

Simplicity and subtlety are the name of the game when it comes to the In the Stirrup Bracelet. Crafted from genuine, braided leather and featuring closure hardware that resembles a stirrup iron, it shows off to the world that the wearer is an equestrian while blending in well to any outfit.

On the Bit Bracelt fig

Back-to-Back Reversible Belt cranberry / black

Two in One

Want two looks for half the price? The Back-to-Back Reversible Belt may be the answer. Made from fullgrain leather with a reversible buckle this versatile accessory features lizard print stamped leather on one side and crocodile on the other.

The Barn Bum

Bum may not be the right word, but you can never get them out of the barn. We all have that one friend or relative who would rather handle everything themselves. It wouldn’t matter if they had millions of dollars in the bank, from the feeding to the blanketing to the mucking out stalls, they’d still want to do it all. This involves a lot of time spent with the horses. Get them a gift that will make their life easier.

Mud? No Problem.

Whether mud, water, snow or general barn muck is the concern, they could probably use a new pair of waterproof boots. Constructed from industrial-grade rubber, Noble Outfitters™ MUDS® are 100 percent waterproof and 100 percent comfortable. A moisture wicking lining, shock absorbing, anti-microbial insole and a contoured interior make MUDS® the perfect boots to keep them clean and dry both in and out of the barn. Stay Cool MUDS® are recommended for warmer climates while Cold Front MUDS® are suggested for cool regions.

More... 28

MUDS® Womens noble gold



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Help Them Cut Through the Workload

Arena Knife orange

Horses are a lot of work and as such, there are often a lot of chores on the daily to-do list. Help your loved one get through that list a little bit faster with a new knife – it’s practically guaranteed to come in handy at some point. If they would prefer something with a little more personality, take a look at the Viper. It features a steel blade with a combination serrated and straight edge and a handle that comes in a variety of popular colors. If you think they may be in need of something more specialized, the Arena Knife may be perfect. With a high-visibility orange handle, rounded tip and patent-pending thumb bridge, this rugged tool was designed with practicality and safety in mind.

Get it Done, Rain or Shine

All those barn chores can be tough on gloves. Get them a new pair that can withstand whatever their day throws at them. Noble Outfitters™ Dakota Work Gloves are made from durable synthetic suede that is impervious to wet or dry use. They are available in both fleece-lined and non-fleece-lined versions.

Women’s Dakota Work Glove lined and waterproof

Noble Outfitters creates performance apparel and accessories that exceed the needs of their customers with quality and innovation. Each product in the Noble Outfitters line has been designed with the direct influence of equine professionals and enthusiasts. Want to stock up on tough, stylish looks for the holiday season? Find out more at

EE 30 214-520-3123 x113 Made in the USA


Intrepid Apex by Jeni Benos of Jenuinely Jeni Inc.

Cleverly Captures the Corner Jump

Elizabeth Halliday-Sharp and Fernhill by Night clears a corner jump at the 2017 Rolex 3 Day.


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andmade to Order

Timeless Designs in Horsehair Jewelry 510.847.4691



Anne Hansson


2. 3.

4. 34


6. 1. Three Players, oil on canvas, 31.5 x 35.5” 2. Straight Forward, oil on canvas, 29 x 33” 3. Charcoal on paper, framed 20 x 16” 4. Polo in Turquoise, oil on canvas, 32 x 38.5” 5. Playing, oil on canvas, 31 x 40” 6. Charcoal on paper, framed 20 x 16”

The Funniest Cards in the Equine Industry by artist Jocelyn Sandor Urban

• Christmas • Humorous • Portrait

Wellington Place 13532 Fountain View Boulevard Wellington FL 33414, USA

845-505-1147 • 561-557-3747







This gorgeous fox print soft bed from designer dog brand Pink Whiskers is bound to bring a fabulous foxy touch to your home this autumn/winter. The gorgeous tangerine shade offers a welcome pop of colour any time of the year, but especially during the long winter months ahead. The 100% cotton outer with a machine washable label and a deluxe soft cushion bed inner brings together practicality and comfort. Handmade with love at their Lancashire headquarters, the new ‘Nature’ collection also includes owl, hedgehog and pheasant print. The Nature Fox Bed RRP: £95

Designer dog emporium Pink Whiskers appreciate that for dapper dogs, sometimes a plain collar just won’t cut it for the busy social season ahead, so they’ve just introduced a new collar accessory to smarten up your pet’s winter wardrobe. The ‘Billy Bob Bow Tie’ is styled in a Stewart wool tartan from ‘Kinloch Anderson’ (Note: Famous kilt makers) and easily slips onto your dog’s collar courtesy of a strong elastic loop. RRP: £8

Perfect for those all those ‘paw-ties’ ahead.


& Fabulous!

WINTER ESSENTIALS Online retailer La Di Da have got plenty of inspiration for welcoming winter… And every country home should have a Labrador, but even if you don’t, this ‘Beware My Lab May Lick You To Death’ doormat is an absolute country inspired home essential. RRP: £20 La Di Da – For Interior Inspiration & The Greatest Gifts. EE


We have been importing & breeding the top lines from Germany for over 30 years. Shipping worldwide or hand delivery available.

• 100% German Line Puppies • Belgian Malinois • Fully Trained Bodyguard K9’s • German Shepherds

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THE GIFT OF GIVING For those young (or old) who believe in unicorns, their new Equetech Personalised Unicorn Drawstring Bag and Unicorn Mirror Brushes will certainly add some magic to Christmas! Equetech Custom Cushions: Prices start from RRP: £30.95 Equetech Bridles Oilcloth Make-Up Bag: RRP:£8.95 Equetech Bridles Recycled Storage Bag: RRP: £11.50 Equetech Personalised Unicorn Drawstring Bag RRP:£9.95 Equetech Unicorn Mirror Brush RRP: £5.25

Choosing Christmas gifts is never easy but giving the new Equetech Gift Collection away is going to be even harder! From personalised and custom cushions for the home and competition clothing for him or her through their new exclusive ‘Bridles’ print collection featuring coin purse, white board for the stylish tack room or equestrian office, wash bag, make-up bag and, the British equestrian fashion label has gifts for all the family.



French bespoke saddlery brand Childéric Saddles are renown for their freedom of movement, attention to detail and beautiful finish and the new Childéric Balade Rucksack from the Childéric Handbag Collection embraces this ethos with some serious fashion styling. The perfect accessory for stylish equestrians on the move, this bag is offered in a gorgeous putty colour, is shaped to wear comfortably on your shoulder or back with adjustable straps and features a shaped bucket base for stability when not in use and to enhance its gorgeous, clean lines. Styled in the same beautiful buttery leather also incorporated into their saddle design it features a drawstring top, buckle fastening and short padded leather handle. A striking white stitch detail runs throughout the leather work, and a smart plaid cotton lining in raspberry, cream, charcoal and khaki finish off this beautiful bag. RRP: £846

A bag to certainly get carried away with this season




H oliday Favorites

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Nutcracker collectibles According to reports, an Italian bronze nutcracker dating back to the 4th century B.C. is among the earliest one known and King Henry VIII gave Anne Boleyn a nutcracker as a gift. Nutcrackers span the globe among various cultures. Sparked by famous examples amassed by collectors, an interest in the history of cracking the nut uncovers three basic methods to free a nut from its shell: percussion, lever, or screw. Materials used to make nutcrackers run the gamut, including stone, wood, and metal. For instance, nutting stones were found in North America and parts of northern Europe 5,000 to 8,000 years ago. A nut placed in the depression of a stone was smashed by another stone, called a hammer stone, to reveal a nut inside the shell. Nutcrackers may be carved from pine, cedar, spruce or other conifer trees. Linden, beech, ash, oak or boxwood often are chosen among deciduous trees. With a wooden screw-type nutcracker, introduced in the 17th century, a nut sits in an open cavity of the cracker and a screw comes down hard enough to crack it. Some early nutcrackers display metal hinges or levers. For instance, a leverforced nutcracker works with a nut placed in the mouth of a cast metal figure such as a dog, alligator or wolf. A nut positioned in the belly of a carved nutcracker figure helps prevent damage to the decorated face, with a lever at the back or an elongated nose creating a lever for cracking. Dating to the 1700s, Italy’s Groden Valley was the famous site for the creation of figural nutcrackers made of pine and paint. In northern Italy, carvers produced lever nutcrackers. Well-known artisan Anton Riffeser established the Anri firm in the 1920s. Germany’s Erzgebirge percussion nutcrackers from the Ore Mountain region are popular with collectors for their tall hats and brightly colored costumes. Carvers from Norway, Denmark and Sweden produce highly recognizable nutcracker figures of fishermen, street vendors and seafarers. German makers Otto Ulbricht and the Steinbach firm became known for nutcrackers with fanciful accessories. Holiday forms often include reindeer, Santa Claus or characters from, of course, the “Nutcracker Suite.” Ivory was tried but could not withstand the force of repeated use. High-style china table settings included porcelain nutcrackers. The top of a famous porcelain screw nutcracker by Meissen, with a brass wheel for crushing the nut, matched the china pattern. Once nuts were cracked, metal picks became necessary to dislodge them. Other accessories include nut bowls, serving spoons, nut openers used to pry open cracked nuts. Fruit knives, essentially small-scale pocket knives, were used to eat fruits and nuts at the end of a meal. Ever-popular nut bowls often came in pairs – one for nuts and the other to hold loose shells. Sets of a nutcracker and assorted pick have been popular. They were the brainchild of a 19th-century dentist, Henry Quackenbush, whose initial start in making dental tools made him famous as a nut-cracking technician.

New Trends in Wine Glass Collecting For wine lovers, to fully understand and enjoy all things grape is the most important facet of collecting wine and wine accessories. What is growing more and more interesting to antique and vintage wine and barware collectors is the reintroduction of collecting the right glass for your favorite wine. I have found that many wine lovers are quickly becoming wine glass or goblet collectors. Where crystal glasses and wine glasses had fallen out of favor with millennials and other spirited drinkers who didn’t want to be presented with the chore of hand washing delicate crystal or storing glassware with every use, recently, finding the perfect wine glass from bygone days is fast becoming a new and fun collecting trend. Wine aficionados say that enjoying wine is as much about tasting it as it is about smelling it. So, your wine glass should be of a shape that allows both senses to work in unison. Here is some information about wine glass shape and its impact. 40

A wine glass in the shape of a balloon will offer the drinker to experience more aspects of a wine than a glass of a different shape. A small, narrow wine glass will keep wine cooler in the glass and help the drinker concentrate on the wine’s specific traits. Since more people are drinking easy-to-enjoy wines like Sauvignon Blanc and light reds like Valpolicella on a regular basis, I am seeing collectors looking for smaller wine glasses from the 1940s to the 1950s, in crystal, as well as larger blown wine glasses from the early 1900s and the 1970s. When it comes to bold red wines, just like flamboyant and fantastic Italian paintings, look for a wine glass with a large bowl. The large bowl allows the red wine to swirl around and make contact with the air breaking down any bitter, tannin taste. This tradition of enjoying a big hefty glass of red wine has resulted in new trends in the antiques world. Not only are wine lovers looking for appropriate glasses but they are also seeking out antique and old style furniture. Many wine lovers are buying free-standing wooden storage cabinetry for vintage wine glasses, barware, and collectible wine bottles. Wine lovers are looking for sturdy glass stemware that can host a nice big glass of Bordeaux, Burgundy, or Malbec. So bigger is better when it comes to a complex wine which means wine glasses of traditional shapes and styles are all the rage now. Antique collectors are looking to the shape of old glasses from the Renaissance and Baroque periods as models for the enjoyment of bold red wines. Also, they are amassing collections of dainty, tapered stemmed wine glasses in cut crystal or glass that recall the glassware of the 18th Century or French Rococo period more suited to delicate white wines. Why did we drink wine in a stemmed glass in the first place? A stem allows the heat from our hands to be transferred only to the stem and not to the area where the glass hosts the wine. So always hold your wine glass by the stem. Stemless wine glasses are growing in popularity yet there are fewer antique and vintage options of stemless wine glasses for collectors to collect. It isn’t as easy to find an antique stemless wine glass but many people are drinking wines, dare I report, from non-traditional stemless wine glasses of various shapes most of which date from the 1960s and 1970s. When it comes to collecting trends, overall social practices rule and enjoying wine is no exception. When you are taking of the grape, remember the all-important wine glass shape.

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Justin Nicholson Has Definitely Got Game �������������������������������������� He’s been identified in several publications as “an up-and-comer” in his industry and, when Justin Nicholson says he hopes to help Thoroughbred racing grow, he means it. Last August, during the Saratoga Springs, NY racing meet he celebrated (joined by cofounders and organizers Kathryn Sharp and Dan Tordjman) the debut of Equestricon™, the world’s first international horse racing lifestyle festival, trade show and convention. A longtime owner/breeder of Thoroughbred racehorses, after first being introduced to the game by his father, Justin co-founded Ninety North Racing Stable in 2011 and manages private breeding and racing operations in both the United States and United Kingdom under the aegis, AJ Suited Racing Stable. We had the pleasure of ponying alongside while he was in Scotland for a bonnie good chat about the sport of kings. ��������������������������������������������������������������� ������� ��������������������������������������������������������������� ����������������������������������������������������������������������� ����������������������������������������������������������������������� ����������������������������������������������������������������������� ������������������������������������

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Continued on page 70



Ocala Jockey Club ������������� ������ �������


���������������������������� With its hundreds of horse farms and thousands of horses of various breeds and sizes, Ocala has earned its “Horse Capital of the World” name. It’s no wonder what the attraction is to all things horses. The winter weather is mild, the water is full of bone-building minerals, there are plenty of horse experts to go around, the grass is green, and there are hundreds of acres of it. For all the horses in town year-round or the winter season, Ocala is still building its reputation as a world class destination location for horse events to rival other destinations such as Lexington or Wellington. The $100,000 Ocala Jockey Club International 3-Day Event is at work to add to Ocala’s arsenal of must-watch events on the equestrian fan’s calendar. 44




nake River

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Montage Palmetto Bluff outh Carolina


Montage Palmetto Bluff in Bluffton, S.C. serves as the perfect backdrop for horse enthusiasts and active travelers as the resort is home to Longfield Stables’ 173-acre farm. I thought this might be a fit for any equestrian destination and wellness stories you are working on. Recognized as one of the best boarding and training facilities in the country, Longfield Stables’ features a rural landscape for guests to get in shape this summer as it offers a variety of programs and activities for all equestrian levels. The Stables feature a covered arena, an FEI regulation outdoor dressage arena, a 5-acre turf event field available for schooling horses and special events, main barn and receiving barn, both featuring oversized stalls and a 15-mile trail system for endless exploration and adventure. For guests who prefer alternative outdoor activities, the resort also offers historical guided kayaking and boating tours, the Palmetto Bluff Shooting Club, the Wilson Lawn & Racquet Club, paddle boarding, salt and freshwater fishing and waterskiing. 48

Because comfort makes a difference

1680 Denier

Turnout Sheet




Introducing Back on Track’s new Turnout Sheet. �� �������������������� �������������������������� ������������� ����������������������������� ��������������������������� �������������������������������������� ������������������������������������� ���������������������������������� ������������������������������� ������������������������������� ������������������������������� �������������������� ������������������������������������� ����������������������������������� ��

uests traveling with children are invited to participate in the newly launched Montage Merits program, offered through Paintbox, Montage Palmetto Bluff’s exclusive children’s program. Montage Merits is a unique offering that gives children the opportunity to be masters of their own experiences as they participate in activities such as, catching a fish, climbing a treehouse, cruising the lagoon, riding a horse and more. Children who master these activities during their stay will earn a merit badge; if all twelve

activities are completed they will receive a special prize and earn “Gilbert the Gator” status! Montage Palmetto Bluff is the ideal destination for horse lovers to enjoy a southern-inspired wellness getaway and I think your readers would love hearing about the property and Longfield Stables. Please let me know if you would like to receive additional details or imagery as I am more than happy to share with you. bluff


Study by Joanna Robson DVM, Napa CA

Day 0: Heat and inflammation in red & yellow Day 7: Reduced inflammation; disappearing red 7 Weeks: Significant reduction of inflammation 888-758-9836 403-601-6491 49


EXTERNAL HOOF ANATOMY 101 PART 2 ������������������������������������������������� To repeat, nature made some clever engineering designs when the hoof was created. Still not 100% understood, it takes a beating with every step, undergoes stress levels that are off the chart and still manages to move the horse forward. Part two of this series examines the internal structures of the hoof and how involved and dependent each structure is to allow the equine movement we take for granted. Putting the anatomy into a 3D mindset is a good start to understanding the inner hoof and the system of pulleys and levers that make it operate. Starting from the inner hoof are the bones, which actually shape the hoof (Figure 1). The bones articulate or fit together resulting in a joint. The actual shape of the joint depends on how the bones fit together and the resultant movement allowed. The names of the bones are P1 first phalanx or long pastern, P2 second phalanx or short pastern and P3 third phalanx, which is the coffin bone. The navicular bone lies just behind the coffin bone and it articulates it with P2. Ligaments hold it all together (ligaments hold bones to bones) and basically control the range of motion. In reality, the bones act as levers. To this mix, add muscles and tendons, which can be defined as the pulley system of the hoof. The horse now has the ability to move as well as to stabilize the joints. Two major tendons support and move the bones. The extensor tendon, which attaches to the front of the coffin bone, allows the leg to straighten. Conversely, the deep flexor tendon accomplishes the flexing or bending of the leg. That tendon runs down the back of the leg, turning over the navicular


Figure 1

bone and attaching to the bottom of the coffin bone. With this system of levers and pulleys, the horse now has the ability to move freely as well as to stabilize the joints. Each joint has a joint capsule surrounding it, which contains fluid that lubricates the joint. The joints of the lower limb/hoof include the pastern joint, the coffin joint and the navicular joint. Any disruption in the alignment or an injury to any of these structures can be detrimental to the hoof. As in any living tissue, the nervous and circulatory systems are present. The nervous system controls the movement (via the muscles) and provides feedback to the brain for such things as pain and as to where the foot is landing thus allowing for proper placement. The circulatory system delivers the nutrients and disposes of the waste to allow the tissues to function. There are some unique structures in the hoof (Figure 2 Collateral Cartilages green and Digital Cushion red- next page). Collateral cartilages attach to the

sides of the coffin (the bone closest to the ground) and act as an extension of it. The thinner upper edges of the cartilage can be felt above the coronary band while the thicker edge is toward the bottom of the foot. Their purpose is to allow the foot to expand slightly when weight bearing. On the top of the frog (toward the inside of the hoof) and under the coffin bone is the Digital Cushion that helps absorb the shock of weight landing on the foot. Horses with sound feet have both thick collateral cartilages as well as the digital cushion. Going outward in the 3D hoof is the laminae. These are interlocking leaf like structures that surround the coffin bone and attach it to the hoof wall. There are 500-600 primary laminae and 150-200 secondary laminae all working toward attaching the hoof to the bone. The attachment is so strong when healthy, that it achieves the coffin bone suspension even with 2000 pounds of force landing on the forefoot when running. Impressive!

CAN WHATpossibly



Arthritis can develop between the hoofs joints just as it does in humans and other mammals. Wearing down of the cartilage that covers the ends or some extra bone growth such as spurs cause pain and limit the smooth movement of the bones against one another. Excessive bone growth at the coffin joint (ringbone) can also develop due to stress of concussion. Additionally, any bone can fracture or completely remodel due to stresses. With any structural deviation or malfunction, the lever part of movement is compromised. It’s not just the bones themselves that cause lameness. Excessive stresses to the ligaments and tendons can cause sprains, strains, tearing and complete separation, any of which is serious and must be attended to immediately.



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Phantom Brook Farm offers assisted veterinary care/convalescent services as directed by your own veterinarian and performed by a certified veterinary technician. Those services include but are not limited to: • Wound care • Hand walking • Clinical lab test performed on site

• • • •

Medication dosing Ice water system therapy Postoperative care Leg injuries

• • • •

Lay-ups Eye treatments In-stall camera monitoring Foaling and mare care

Owner operated, we offer 24-hour coverage of your horse in a secure and safe environment. We also offer retirement plans for elderly or compromised horses.

Let us make a difference with your horse. Joe and Marilyn Heath, CVT, MS 203 Washburn Ave. Washington, NJ 07882 (908) 689-4428


Figure 2

coordination of movement with the brain is compromised or pain can be elicited every time movement is made. Either way is serious. The laminae can be weakened with repeated injury or disease resulting in inflammation, pain and coffin bone movement. Laminitis (founder) is a disease result and can be acute or chronic. It can be brought on by metabolic problems and/or trauma. Laminae can completely detach from each other and allow the coffin bone to sink down and possibly even push through the hoof sole. All laminitc conditions are extremely painful. Understanding the anatomy of the hoof can make everyone’s life easier. When to call for help, when to trim, and when to do preventative maintenance are just a few of the non-physical tasks surrounding the hoof. The old timers were and still are correct when they say……..No hoof, no horse.

If the collateral cartilage is abused by repeated concussions, they become hardened and do not allow the natural expansion of the hoof when weight bearing. The digital cushion can be compromised by low heel long toe conformation that allows the heels to bear more weight, which then slowly crushes the cushion. This is something that does not regenerate. Once diminished, it is gone for life. As for blood supply, any loss or compromise of it is serious. Without adequate blood flow, tissue and bones die… plain and simple. Also, with nerve damage,

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Equine Hospital 24/7 Emergency Care


Our large animal doctors are also available Mon-Fri for routine on-site or in hospital calls.


2250 N. Old Bethlehem Pike, Quakertown, PA 18951 52


EQUINE health





of Equine Sarcoids “How did my horse get them? How do I get rid of them?”

Equine Sarcoids can be the most mis-managed problem for horses and their owners. They can start as a pea size bump and lay dormant for years and then explode overnight into a large ugly growth. Sarcoids can render an otherwise sound horse unusable. It is the most frequently diagnosed tumor in horses. Surveys have estimated the predominance of sarcoids at 20% of all equine neoplasms and 36% of all skin tumors. They occur at any age but are more common in young adult horses. Sarcoids will typically appear anywhere on the body including trauma areas or old wound sites. In recent years we have seen more aggressive sarcoids appear close to the eyes, face and genital areas. When talking about sarcoids it is important to take a few minutes to discuss how to identify a sarcoid. Unfortunately some can be mis-diagnosed as proudflesh or “Ring Worm” and treated with a topical crème with no effect. Sarcoids come in all shapes and sizes. We have listed the six different “types” of sarcoids below along with their description. • Occult sarcoids - These are flat, hairless, lichenlike, slightly crusting, dark patches. They often have a smooth, dark hairless area around them. • Verrucose sarcoids - These are raised, nobbly, dark areas that often spread into poorly defined margins. They can also be ulcerated on occasions. • Nodular sarcoids - These are firm and nodular skin lumps which may have normal skin over them. • Fibroblastic sarcoids - These are often ulcerated, weeping, raised sore lesions that may become pedunculated and cauliflower-like. • Mixed sarcoids - Sarcoids are commonly a mixture of two or more of the forms described above. • Malevolent sarcoids - These are rare, invasive sarcoids that invade deeper tissues beneath the skin. What can a horse owner do when confronted with a Sarcoid? Typically they ask two questions. How did they get it and how do I get rid of it? The answer to the first question is the underlying cause of Sarcoid tumors is the Bovine Papilloma virus. Yes a cow virus..that is transferred by flies. The answer to the second question is a little tougher. The traditional treatments may include banding with rubber rings, surgical excision, cryosurgery, injection with Bacillus Calmette-Guérin as an immunomodulator and topical or injected chemotherapy Cysplatin, Fluorouracil (5-FU). None of these “traditional” treatments address the virus issue and typically have a high reoccurrence rate and will return more aggressively. What some owner don’t understand is when using some of these treatments like Fluorcil 54


or Cysplatin it will compromise their horses immune system for months after the treatment. Owners often ask are there “natural” products available to remove the Sarcoid? There are “Blood-root” products (zinc chloride) like Xxterra or Black Salve, Indian Mud or Liverpool Crème. Bloodroot based products burn the sarcoid off similar to Wart Be Gone. Very painful to the horse and it burns the sarcoid and hair follicles to the point that hair will not return to the effect area. These products do not address the virus issue either so you have a high reoccurrence rate. Some vets have started to use Acyclovir an antiviral drug that is used primarily in human medicine for the treatment of chickenpox and shingles. Acyclovir can be extremely caustic and is painful to the horse just as much as bloodroot. A new drug as been announced Immunocidin that is immune therapy. Because it is new and just been approved here in the states there is not real data on reoccurrence rates. This type of therapy would be contraindicated if the horse had a Cushings, PPIP or Insulin based diseases.

YES A COW VIRUS While we are here let’s address the toothpaste debate. I’m sure you have seen the reports of using Crest Toothpaste to get rid of sarcoids claiming it’s the “fluoride”. I am sorry to disappoint you but the active ingredient that effects the sarcoids is Sanguinaria Canadensis also known as bloodroot. Sanguinaria Canadensis is included in toothpaste and dental hygiene products as an antibacterial or anti-plaque agent. They include a minimal amount that it will have little effect on the sarcoid and no effect on the virus. Another alternative therapy would be Mushroom Matrix a supplement and Thuja oil. Both of these are used as a “cancer” therapy. It has been our experience that for Equine Sarcoids it is extremely slow in producing measurable results.

There is another natural option for treating sarcoids – Over the past 10 years Balanced Eco Solutions ( has developed a Sarcoid Treatment Protocol. It is a holistic approach that is 100% natural. What is unique about the program is it treats both the sarcoid and the Bovine Papilloma virus. Because they treat both the sarcoid and associated virus they have a high success rate (80%-85%). Another feature of the program is there are NO bloodroot based products. That means no burning or causing your horse any discomfort. The #1 question people ask about the program is “How long will it take?” There are three factors that come into play to answer the question. First how long has the horse been suffering from sarcoids from the onset? Second is what previous treatment has been done? Finally how is the horse’s immune system? From these questions we can give a rough (very rough) time estimate. The program is based on a two prong approach of treating the sarcoid at the surface level and internally by using an immune supplement. The treatment protocol consists of two main products that are the workhorses of the program. Ancillary products are added as needed to complete the healing process. Topical Salve – Topical crème that clears the sarcoid and repairs them underlying skin effected by the sarcoid. It also works at collecting the virus to a single location. This is done when the salve starts to clear away the sarcoid. The virus will activate to support the sarcoid. There are two topical salves, which we use depends on the location. If it is on the body or face not close to the eye we would recommend the Body Balance SC Formula. This formula has essential oils added. For the eye and other sensitive areas, we would use the Sarcoid Cleansing Salve. This is the only salve recommended for sarcoids in and around the Both of the salves can be used on foals and pregnant mares. Body Balance Fundamentals Immune Builder – This is a feed supplement that is formulated to clear the virus from the bloodstream. It also supports the kidneys and liver during virus removal. It has both an anti-viral and anti-inflammatory components that assist in the healing process. We have seen excellent results with this combined approach of faster healing times.


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Sarcoid Wash Concentrate – This is a concentrate that you mix with water. It is a blend of Witch Hazel and two essential oils that help in preparing the skin and sarcoid for the salve. During the treatment process sarcoids can become angry looking because we are removing layers of sarcoid. The wash helps to calm the area down and reduce the urge it “itch”

What to do if your vet comes back with a sarcoid diagnoses? First and foremost take a breath (several would be good). Your vet will outline the traditional options based on the sarcoid and its location or they might have a wait and see attitude. The “wait and see” is really a non-starter in that by waiting the virus has the opportunity to build resources and will take longer to clear away.

In the 10 plus years that Balanced Eco Solutions has been treating sarcoids no two sarcoids react the same. The clients are provided a detailed treatment plan that outlines all the steps in the healing process. Everyone is started at the same level and then the plan is changed based on how the sarcoid and virus are reacting to the program. Since we make each product to order we can change the potency based on how the horse is responding.

Next take time to do your own research. You are your horses’ health advocate so be informed of all your options both traditional and alternative. Know the risks and complications that can happen. If you have questions on traditional vs. alternative therapies Balanced Eco Solutions provides an 800 number to speak with a specialist, who will offer suggestions specific to your case.

Balanced Eco Solutions is unique in that they have several Holistic Vets on staff with a combined total of over 80 years’ experience in traditional and holistic veterinary medicine. If a client is not responding to the program a “case review” is scheduled. A case review includes an in-house holistic vet, the equine nutritionist and two product specialists. If needed the client will provide a hair sample for analysis. The report will outline any other issues that could be compounding the problem or highlight mineral imbalances.

Editors Note: Balanced Eco Solutions treats over 150 cases of sarcoids worldwide each year. Their clients have an 85%-90% success rate with less than 1% reoccurrence rate.


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In horsemanship, eye contact is one of the most critical points of the communication that happens between human and horse, because it is the most natural way the horse uses in relating with others. The role of eye contact in horse handling has many different positions, and is an issue discussed between human beings and other species, domesticated and not. It is a general idea that in case of predatory species making “eye to eye” contact can be perceived as a threat, while with prey animals it is perceived as a warning. Despite the latest trends aimed at finding a true communication channel between human and horse, unfortunately, the prevalently used mode is still to condition horses to respond to a cue, implies the use of tack, containment structures, and sometimes of coercion. Furthermore, these facts go unnoticed. What happens between men and horses is a monologue, because the horsemanship techniques are always implemented in a human dimension that appears to be foreign for the horse, and often even a source of fear. True relationship between human and horse should be a spontaneous fact, having nothing to do with how well the horse is trained. Relating happens when the communication works both ways without having to first train the horse to respond to our actions. Human Horse Sensing is a method to interact purposefully and spontaneously with any horse, focusing on how it uses his senses, and in a situation where the horse is free to move. It can also be a very useful tool in training because it gives everyone of our actions a meaning that the horse understands immediately. Working with Human Horse Sensing gives the chance to experience that there is much more to the meaning of eye contact, and of whether or not we should make it with horses. For obvious reasons, it is necessary to distinguish between interaction done on the ground, and in the saddle. From the ground we can make eye contact with another individual. While in the saddle, obviously we cannot do so easily, since we are sitting behind the horse’s head, out of his field of vision. Regardless of our position, the communication through the horse’s eyes matters, when we relate through behavior. I have never seen a horse being shy of looking at another one. Horses use sight as their primary detection device; they always try to see what is happening around them. If you can see their eyes, you need to assume they are watching you, and therefore you should to manage your 58

horsemanship accordingly, knowing that anything you do in their sight is going to affect their opinion of you, and your horsemanship. More than worrying about whether to make eye to eye contact, we should behave in a coherent way, and move in a natural manner, because the horse knows that what we look at is the object of our attention. They can tell from our posture if we are pretending to not look at them, by how our body goes in a certain direction and our eyes do not follow. This is always something that alarms them and for which they would keep a distance with us. Given that we are behind the horse’s head while we sit in the saddle, unless we are giving him a treat from the saddle after he has done something great, we do not want to attract the attention of the horse to the point that he would like to look at us. In the saddle I like to concentrate our horsemanship in being one with the horse, and an important part is to be aware of our environment at the same time as the horse. How we effectively do so is by looking at the same slice of space, between his ears, which are also an indicator of what the horse is paying attention to. Being one with the horse is not a spiritual thing, like many want to assume, it is a physical state of being, where our bodies biomechanically, physiologically and temporally go together.



the horse knows that what we look at is the object of our attention. The only time I have seen that if I make “eye to eye” contact with a horse it has a negative outcome on the relationship is when the horse is fearful. It is always a good idea to try to leave fear out of horsemanship. Fear is an emotion present across all animal species, and is often at the root of the problems we encounter in horsemanship. Fear always jeopardizes the outcome of a relationship, putting individuals in a survival mode that interrupts the interaction. I have been reading a very interesting book, which brought me a new perspective about fear. Dr. Joseph Le Doux, a neuroscientist at New York University is the author of The Emotional Brain and of Anxious, both books that are pioneering the study of emotions as biological phenomena. Le Doux studied fear as an emotion that helps animals escape from predators. He has traced the effects of fear in rats, beginning from the first sounds of danger detected by the outer ear, to the inner brain circuits, that causes the animal either to freeze or to run for its life. In his studies, he has given the first real glimpse into the neuroanatomical aspect of an emotion, providing insights into why it is so difficult to control emotions with rational, conscious thought. In fact, fear goes in the realm of survival, and the actions it elicits are often unconscious reactions. Does any of this sound familiar to you, when you think in terms of horse behavior? While going to Veterinary School, when I was young (and fearless!) I rode thoroughbreds competing in flat races and learned in first person how racehorses experience fear and pain, in a very traumatic manner. As a consequence, they often acquire dangerous habits that are very hard to change, and now I know that it is because they have truly learned unconscious reactions aimed to survival. Now I work to develop ways to help horses and their owners build a better future together, and not get frustrated in perpetuating, or accepting the fear conditioned responses. Sadly, fear is still actually one of the ways some trainers work to achieve their goal in training horses. If the horse shows signs of being fearful, it can happen because my behavior, or a past experience, is making him uncomfortable in that moment, and he will avoid the eye contact, or try to put more distance between us. Regardless of the cause, when this happens we need to act in any way possible to rebuild a positive state of horsemanship. 60

Behavior is the most complete expression of any individual, and is displayed through movement, and perceived by others through the sense organs. Human beings communicate mainly by sounds, horses by “acting”. Traditionally, as we have stated, the interaction between man and horse takes place according to a script that man establishes by horse training, which conditions the animal to respond in a predictable manner to certain stimuli. In the behavior of the horse, besides the actions that have been conditioned by the process of training, instincts are always involved, along with its emotions that often escape our control. The difference between these behavior components is rarely highlighted, or even acknowledged by horsemanship clinicians. In order to have a real communication, we need to consider all aspects of an individual’s behavior, and not just the ones that are convenient for us.

There are many ways to influence animal behavior. The individuals that are the target of the action most definitely respond with the process of learning. In terms of cells and molecules, learning produces changes through the exposure to an instance. This very apparent and known process produces in an individual a much hidden fact, through the stimulation of neural cells, which causes the production of new molecules (proteins). These changes at cellular level determine the new way the neural cell and the whole individual will respond at a later time when under the influence of the same situation. This is true for humans, horses, or any other kind of animal, and it does not depend upon the presence of a reward at the end of the line! Using a spontaneous interaction, backed by social values common to human and horse, horsemanship becomes a dynamic and controllable process that efficiently supports the training and performance of any equestrian discipline. We have full control only on our own behavior, and the chance to do so just until the moment the horses perceive it through their senses… we better make it is a pleasant experience so they would want to spend more time with us.



HH Sensing offers training, problem horse retraining, colt starting, barefoot training and horsemanship instruction for any level or discipline. It is a method of horsemanship that focuses on managing the relationship while it is happening, rather than giving riders things to do, to occupy their time with horses. We are dedicated to enhance your horse’s potential keeping his wellbeing and yours in mind. Aside from horse training, we provide you and your horse with the solid horsemanship needed to be successful in any equestrian discipline. Our approach, based on classical dressage, behavioral studies and liberty training, allows taking challenges we would not imagine being possible even with good traditional training. With HH Sensing, human and horse work in team, with or without tack, through how they perceive the situations. It works whether just starting or repurposing a horse, at any time of his life. We teach human and horse how to establish an active and dynamic dialogue that will assist them in any situation. Your horse can execute without being submissive, and you can become a leader of leaders.

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By Jochen Schleese, CMS, CSFT, CSE ©2017 Saddlefit 4 Life® All Rights Reserved

Obviously there are many considerations...

when looking at the popular variations of bridles available on the market. For all of the different designs, remember that nosebands which are too restrictive can cause the horse to focus on the tension and pressure in and on his head, limiting the ability to focus and respond with proper muscle movement in the rest of his body. The horse’s biology does not change from discipline to discipline in riding, even though the ‘head-restraining devices’ do – all of which are designed to control and communicate to the horse what the rider wants. The horse will learn what to do to relieve pressure and discomfort, which can have further ramifications at the distal end of the body as he attempts to avoid pain. Give the horse the freedom to communicate using its mouth – comfort will result in a quiet, relaxed jaw and mouth.

COMBINATION Bridle or SNAFFLE WITH A FLASH NOSEBAND (rolled reins, throatlatch, cheekpieces, and noseband)

This commonly used type has an additional flash to assist in keeping the horse’s mouth shut (and the tongue in). The noseband should be buckled high enough to avoid interfering with the (generally) snaffle bit. (above)

ENGLISH Bridle or SNAFFLE Bridle


Extra padding under the noseband buckle makes this more comfortable than the English style bridle. Other than that, it is very similar to the combination bridle, with the extra flash. Care must be taken that the anatomy of the head allows enough room to buckle both the noseband and the flash properly. Horses with relatively smaller heads do well with this type. This bridle is often buckled too tightly, given the false sense of ‘comfort’ the extra padding at the noseband provides. 64

The noseband on this bridle should lie 1-2 fingers below the zygomatic arch. It is popular for thoroughbreds, who prefer more freedom in their mouths. If your horse likes to put his tongue over the bit, this is not a style for you. Using a rolled noseband puts more pressure on the nose as well.


The noseband lies about 4 ďŹ ngers above the nostrils past the bit. This style used to be much more popular, but it is not a pretty looking bridle. It relays the pressure from the reins directly from the lower jaw onto the nose. It does prevent horses from putting their tongues over the bit. Some riders still prefer to use this as it has less leather and buckles, which lowers the risk of impacting sensitive nerves and acupuncture points.

MEXICAN, GRACKLE or FIGURE 8 Bridle Loose snafe rings and the ability to breathe without hindrance are two of the main attractions of this bridle. It is easily recognizable, having crossing leather straps over the nose with a leather rosette in the centre. The upper piece crosses the zygomatic arch. The only pressure point is in the centre from the rosette piece. It has only recently been allowed for use in dressage rings. The only danger is if it is buckled too tightly and thus pushes the bit up into the corners of the lips.



HACKAMORE This bitless option puts pressure on the nose through a lever action at the sides of the noseband. Although probably effective for a while, the horse soon gets accustomed to the pressure on the nose and becomes less responsive over time. It’s a good alternative for interim use if a horse has an injury in the mouth, but there is almost no substitute for the necessary additional aid of an outside rein in the higher classes.

MICKLEM Bridle This option has an extra strap attaching the bit to the bridle. It is extremely comfortable for the horse, and supports the ‘chewing’ motion.

I found this excellent checklist regarding the use of nosebands for you to consider: • Educate yourself on the nerves, functions, and anatomy of the horse’s head. • How sensitive is your horse? Highly sensitive horses do best with no nosebands or loose ones. • Determine the best type to fit your horse’s nose shape and head conformation. • Your horse still needs to have full physiological movement: yawn, swallow and lick its lips. • Use padding judiciously – most bridles are already made to provide full comfort and extra padding can increase the pressure. • LISTEN to your horse. Tension creates tension; restriction creates restriction.

Jochen Schleese, German Certified Master Saddler and Saddle Ergonomist, teaches saddle fit principles to protect horse and rider from long-term damage caused by ill-fi�ing saddles. 702-370-1199

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How To Put Your Horse in through

Balance Proper Bending Part I

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The Bend What does a horse look like when he has a proper bend in his body?

Have you ever ridden a horse on a curve or a circle and felt the horse speed up, lose his balance and not be able to follow the path of the curve or the circle? You may have been asking your horse to trot in a curved arc over logs in a trail class, lope a circle in a horsemanship pattern or ride a turn on a hunter course. If you’ve had this experience chances are your horse was making every effort to do what you asked, however he may not have been asked to maintain a proper bend to allow him to be balanced and keep a steady tempo to his gait on the curve or circle. This week’s “How to Put Your Horse in Balance Through Proper Bending” PPT Training Tips will describe what a proper bend looks like and the aids sequence to ask your horse to bend properly. Look forward to many successes with your horses once you’ve mastered how to communicate to bend properly!

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SUVTO YOUR TRAILER ����������������������������������������

“The more you hate how it rides, the better it will probably tow.” This is no longer true. Over the last twenty five years, American’s increasing love affair with their SUVS (sport utility vehicles) along with the strong growth of recreational vehicles brought about the emergence of a variety of SUVs that are not only designed to pull substantially more weights safely but do it with comfort and style. It’s not just the American manufacturers who have beefed up their SUVs. Companies such as Toyota, Nissan, Honda, Range Rover, Infiniti, Acura, Mercedes and Lexus have all vied for chunk of the market. As a result, a variety of SUVs have come onto the market today that can tow a two-horse trailer. In addition, the new innovations in braking systems, suspension, and overall technology, are providing a much greater margin of safety when towing, especially in adverse road conditions. It’s important to note that unlike those who are pulling boats or travel trailers, horse owners are pulling “live” weight. Professional truck drivers will tell you that the heaviest weight in a trailer needs to be stacked at the bottom with the lighter weight stacked on top to prevent shifting. Most all the weight of a horse is resting on four legs at about four feet off the floor and it will shift whenever it feels like it. This means that specs on RV and travel trailer web sites and brochures that recommend certain size tow vehicles for certain lengths and weights of trailers may not necessarily apply to horse hauling. Also, never tow more than a two horse trailer with an SUV. In fact, I always recommend a gooseneck for three or more horses. When choosing an SUV, look for three essential specifications: towing capacity, wheel base length, and curb weight (actual weight) of the tow vehicle. Determine how much weight your trailer can hold: There are a number of ways to this. Weigh your loaded trailer at a highway scale, estimate the weight by adding the empty trailer weight to the weight of 72

your horses and tack, or use the Gross Vehicle Weight Rating (GVWR) of your horse trailer, located on the title and sticker on your trailer. The GVWR is what the horse trailer manufacturer is stating that the maximum total weight this two-horse trailer can be when fully loaded and still be safe. For two horse bumper pull trailers, determine the towing capacity of the SUV. I suggest that the towing capacity be 20% more than the loaded weight of the trailer. As you look up this number, it’s important to determine if it has an asterisk or a small number next to it. This means that the pulling number has some restrictions. These restrictions are often related to the overall weight of the entire rig (the loaded trailer, weight of the towing vehicle, cargo and passengers). This is called the Gross Combined Vehicle Weight Rating (GCVWR). When you add weight to the SUV, such as passengers, it will reduce the pulling weight of the vehicle. The GCVWR is a rating the manufacturer states that the whole rig can weigh and still be safe. An asterisk (or footnote) may also mean that there is a variance in the pulling capacity depending on the model or whether it’s equipped with a “trailer package.” Determine the Curb Weight of the SUV: Now that you know the weight of your trailer and the SUV’s towing capacity, you must find the actual weight of the SUV, called Curb Weight—a vehicle with a full tank of gas and fluids with no passengers. This figure is also often found under specifications either in the SUV’s brochure or on the manufacturer’s Web site. With live cargo, the weight of the SUV should be substantial enough to handle the loaded trailer weight in emergency situations, such as sudden stopping or swerving to avoid something. Using an old cliché, you don’t want the tail wagging the dog. A good rule is that the SUV used to pull a fully loaded, two-


horse trailer should weigh at least 4,800 pounds or more. If you are that non-dressingroom-two-horse-trailer-with-one-horse person, I still would not pull with a vehicle weighing less than 4,500 pounds. Generally, the heavier the SUV the more stable it will be on the road. Determine the wheelbase length. This is the distance between the front and rear axles. Imagine looking at a fully hitched up rig from the side. Notice that the tongue weight of the horse trailer is pushing down on the back of the tow vehicle behind the axles. This will tend to push the front of the tow vehicle upward, especially when driving (bouncing) down the road. The longer the distance is in front of the rear axle, the less it will bounce upward. So, the shorter the wheelbase, the more easily the tongue weight of your trailer can cause the front of the tow vehicle to “float,” creating lack of control. A weight-distribution hitch system (often mistakenly called “sway bars”) will reduce and often eliminate this. I recommend its use on all SUVs and trucks pulling tag-along horse trailers. Finally, SUVs, in general, are known to be somewhat unstable. Their center of balance is somewhat off from the combination of having all-wheel drive, short wheelbases and narrow widths. Bear this in mind when stopping, starting, slowing, and accelerating. Give yourself plenty of room, drive responsibly and you’ll arrive in comfort and ready to ride. Authors of the Complete Guide to Buying, Maintaining, and Servicing a Horse Trailer and Equine Emergencies on the Road, Tom and Neva also are nationally recognized for their clinics on horse trailer safety and are developers and owners of EquiSpirit Trailer Company. For more info, contact Tom: 1-877-575-1771, or visit them on line at


nce you have your SUV,

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Authors of the Complete Guide to Buying, Maintaining, and Servicing a Horse Trailer and Equine Emergencies on the Road. Tom and wife are developers and owners of EquiSpirit Trailer Company. For more info, contact Tom: 1-877-575-1771, tom@equispirit. com or visit them on line at



Ilse Schwarz



Ocala, Florida September 5th, 2017 - It was an exciting two days for riders and trainers that represented all ends of the spectrum who participated in the Ilse Schwarz clinic. With such a fantastic representation from the Dressage world, Mrs. Schwarz is a great asset to have around. Thanks to the owners of Crane Hill Farm and their exceptional facility, those just auditing were in for a treat. As the morning of the first day broke riders started to arrive and the high humidity was not friendly to anyone, nor was the amount of impending homework that most riders went home with. ���������������������������������

Adult Amateur rider Colby Smith was there with her 12 year old, Trakehner/Thoroughbred gelding that was coming back from time off. As a 1st level rider she was there to get help in figuring out the mechanics of her horse. Having explained that she can’t get the horse to move forward in a fluent rhythm is where Ilse started her teachings. At the walk the horse wanted to wiggle around causing crookedness in every step which also contributed to his hollowness in the back. This left the horses body looking very long and disunited. The goal was to work on exercises that would bring the horse more together and to accept that it was better to carry himself balanced. Using haunches in at the walk the rider was able to control the horses falling ribcage which helped him come up underneath himself. His walk not only started to become more balanced but it became more energetic with rhythm. At this point Ilse took the time to really tackle rider position becoming effective, rather then passive or aggressive. The trot was another challenge that left the rider feeling ineffective, the same exercises where given to correct the crookedness that hindered the horses movement. Another issue that needed to be looked at and figured out was his canter on the right, which he has difficulty picking up. Keeping a shoulder in frame and a looser connection on the outside rein the horse was able to pickup the canter with much more ease. The lesson had started out very rough for horse and rider, but with dedication and using all the tools learned. The horse over time will become balanced, round and happy.

Adult Amateur Sheila Gibson brought her 6 year old Clydesdale gelding that is currently showing training level. Her gelding was the complete opposite than Colby’s gelding in the respect that his draft breeding makes for a very solid horse. The goal for the day was to mobilize the shoulders and break up the body into parts, making him more supple from head to tail. Serpentines were introduced to help with bending his mid section, freeing up his denseness. If the horse got quick she instructed the rider to regroup by coming back down to a walk to halt, wait and then pickup tempo again. Walk to halt transitions were a must for rider and horse. This exercise helped with balance because the horse was becoming hollow. Ilse helped with rider aids, instructing that the leg must be used to bring the horse up into the bridle when asking for the halt. The rider being so small in comparison to the horse was causing a handicap in controlling the trot tempo, which allowed the horse to plow through. Establishing control by using the proper aids such as regulating riders core with half halts, and gripping the knees at times to stop propulsion, made for a big difference. The rider was also given a better understanding of the importance of the outside rein, by using it to create a slight bend to the outside and then bringing both reins back together which gave equal contact on both reins. This fundamental basic combined with core strength helped with establishing a lighter, up, and forward impulsion. These same exercises were used for the canter to trot transitions, which came together very nicely. Local trainer/competitor Judy Oliver was riding Susan Street Peterson’s Third level, Hanoverian mare. This combo will be heading to USDF Region 3 Championships in Wellington Florida, October 6-9, 2017 to compete at Third Level. They were there to perfect upper level balance, so the horse could move with more swing while performing upper level movements in the test. Ilse wanted to create an accordion 74

feeling throughout the horses body. Changing up tempo between the working trot to collected to extended helped with this accordion feeling and incorporating leg yield brought the horse more up right. Half passes were also worked on to get changes in carriage. These accordion exercises helped a great deal with controlling the mares anxiety of opening her mouth during movements. One of the biggest hurdles that rider and horse were able to over come were lead changes. The horse wanted to launch into each change with anticipation. This caused the frame to become stiff. Softening was key and to combat this. Ilse had them practice changes in a 20 meter circle. The horse couldn’t anticipate something it had never done, so the rider was able to teach the horse the mechanics of the proper change without having to worry about fixing franticness. Both horse and rider by the end of the lesson had made tremendous adjustments which showed in their demeanor. They were now riding together as a pair that really understood each other with accurate confidence.

Owner of Crane Hill Farm, Adult Amateur Connie Wise rode the morning of the second day on her Dutch Warmblood gelding Zen. Both horse and rider are also going to USDF Region 3 Championships, riding at Third Level. The biggest hurdle for both of them was finding rhythm within one another. Horse and rider had two different views on how the ride should go. Ilse helped by tackling rider position, explaining that core strength will help with a lot of what was going on. With a more effective riding position the horse can be controlled with good connection, where at times the connection was being lost and the horse would become hollow and quick. Finesse was worked on, which gave the rider better contact with the horse. Working on shoulder in down the center line to correct the horses hind leg from falling out, and maintain impulsion into the half pass helped with the horse not becoming dull. The walk to canter was worked on in a 20 meter circle. Transitions were at first disorganized causing the rider to throw away reins and horse to launch into the canter unbalanced. Patience and balance was reiterated to the rider, so the canter wasn’t rushed. Ilse made it appoint to explain forward is not wrong but rushing is incorrect, ultimately throwing off balance. Staying effective in the saddle the rider was able to accomplish some fantastic walk to canter transitions that will be beneficial as the pair move forward up the levels. Crane Hill’s Trainer Eline Eckroth was riding Prize, a 14 year old Hanoverian gelding. This pair will also be showing at USDF Region 3 Championships, competing in the Grand Prix Freestyle and Intermediate II. Warming up at the trot with a long rein connection, creating a three loop serpentine suppled up the horse and rider rather nicely. When the rider gathered up more rein or added a degree of significance the horse had a tendency to stiffen up just a little. Ilse recommended that the rider work on softening the inside rein, allowing the horse to move more freely. At the canter down the long side the horse had a tendency to go haunches in. This was corrected each time with the rider leg as well as coming across the diagonal to X, adding the leg yield over to the rail. Flying changes across the diagonal were next on the list. The horse has a tendency to not use himself equally, so Ilse suggested that the rider make a conscious effort to breath consistent with the rhythm, which corrected it immediately. To correct head tilt during the half pass at the canter. Zig Zags down the quarter line were used to keep horse and rider on the same page with half halts. The pirouettes were also practiced for perfection, because the horse had a tendency to throw his shoulder. Ilse had them practice this movement in sections, showing the rider how to turn the shoulders without having the horse spin, and how to get the shoulders to jump up without taking steps out. By the end of the lesson both horse and rider had perfected their goals and are quite an impressive pair to watch. Ilse Schwarz is an Australian native that has come state side and is currently based in Wellington, Florida where she and her husband, photographer Kenneth Braddock run both their business’s. With a long list of accolades Mrs. Schwarz has made quite a name for herself. She trains with Steffen Peters, George Morris and has represented Team Australia in the Nations Cup, Wellington, CDI 3*.


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Elite Equestrian magazine Nov Dec 17 issue  

Elite Equestrian magazine Nov Dec 17 holiday issue. Celebrating the Equestrian Lifestyle