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focus Magazine of the Jenoptik Group

1 l 2012

Positive results and a view abroad. Unplanned stroke of genius. Everything normal. Clear view for rescue personnel. The galloping elephant. The link between popcorn and clean air. Handiwork meets high-tech.

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Content

Positive results and a view abroad. Fiscal year 2011 and the first quarter of 2012 were successful for Jenoptik. Together with the new Financial Director, Jenoptik Chairman Michael Mertin is setting the agenda for 2012.

4 Unplanned stroke of genius. Jenoptik and the Fraunhofer Institute IOF are emulating moth’s eyes with plasma etching and succeed in developing the almost perfect antireflective coating for optics in medical and industrial technologies.

8 Everything normal. In cooperation with the Federal PhysicalTechnical Institute, Jenoptik has developed a camshaft standard which will markedly improve quality control in the automotive industry.

12 Clear view for people saving lives. Thermal images support rescue personnel in their operations. Jenoptik is manufacturing infrared sensors for the camera module of Dräger. Recently, Jenoptik was awarded the Dräger Supplier Award for this cooperation.

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The galloping elephant. The Indian automotive market is booming. Next to many automotive manufacturers, the Jenoptik Industrial Metrology division is present onsite in the growth market India.

20 The link between popcorn and clean air. Together with the University of Jena, Jenoptik has developed an exhaust purification system using microwave radiation that is much more efficient than any other system on the market.

24 Handiwork meets high-tech. With the 39th edition of their “tangent” arts exhibition, Jenoptik presents fiber optic plastics and drawings by the American artist Yvette Kaiser Smith under the title “Etudes from Pi”.

28 LEGAL NOTICE Publisher: JENOPTIK AG, Public Relations 07739 Jena Phone +49 3641 65-2255 Fax +49 3641 65-24 84 Responsible: Katrin Lauterbach Editors: Katrin Lauterbach, Silvia Scharlock Editorial assistance: Cornelia Ehrler, Jana Dichelle

Pictures: Jenoptik fotolia.com (page 5, 7, 8, 16, 20/21, 23, 24/25 at the top) Yvette Kaiser Smith (page 29–31) Layout: Bernd Adam, Jena Print: Druckhaus Gera GmbH The contents of this magazine address men and women equally. For better readibility, the masculine forms are used normally. Publication in: June 2012.

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Fiscal year 2011 and the first quarter were both successful for Jenoptik. “This is an incentive to continue the path we have been taking.” Michael Mertin, CEO of JENOPTIK AG, is building on a future as a globally active company. “A lot will have to change,” he says, describing Jenoptik’s future development, which he will now approach together with his new colleague on the board, Rüdiger Andreas Günther, and all the staff of the Group. The main objective is to open up international markets and orient internal processes precisely towards them.

Katrin Lauterbach

Positive

results

and a view

The figures published by Jenoptik in March, 2012, at the balance

in higher power classes. But also the regional presences of the

sheet press conference, are not bad. Sales rose by 13.5 percent

Group and thus the sales structure will be greatly reinforced. “Our

to 543.3 million euros, while operating profit (group EBIT) rose by

strategy of building our own structures in target markets and thus

just about 70 percent to 49.2 million euros. With these results and

achieving proximity to the customer is starting to take hold,” sum-

the trends in stock prices over the past year, Jenoptik CEO Michael

marizes the Jenoptik CEO.

Mertin came second in the CEO ranking of the Wirtschaftwoche magazine. Michael Mertin and his colleague on the board, Rüdiger Andreas Günther, see no reason to slow down. “We have to become a global player and open up foreign markets. This is the

“Close to the customer, that’s the rule.” (Michael Mertin)

only way we can continue our profitable growth in the future.” Jenoptik is primarily relying on organic growth. “Of course, we are

Since May, Jenoptik has expanded its “global footprint”, as Mertin

also looking for possible acquisitions, especially in North America

puts it, by two more important countries. First, from Singapore,

and Asia. But under no circumstances would we make those at

the Industrial Metrology division will be expanding its business

any price.”

in Southeast Asia. This division is also in the process of starting with its own structures in South America. “With one division, we

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To lay the foundations for growth, Jenoptik is investing in new

are building a presence on-site that will then be available to other

structures and optimizing and expanding production. The invest-

divisions as well.” According to Mertin, this is especially a decisive

ment volume in 2011, at 25 million euros, was just about 70 per-

advantage over the competition in high-tech industries, which is

cent higher than in 2010. Investments will be continued – for ex-

sometimes smaller and cannot fall back on global group struc-

ample in Berlin, with the expansion of production capacity for the

tures. That brings speed, flexibility, and finally also advantages in

fabrication of the base material for diode lasers and in Altenstadt

cost – first while opening up a market and then during adminis-

in Bavaria for improvements to the production of energy systems

tration. The fact that the Industrial Metrology division often plays


abroad. a pioneering role within Jenoptik is no accident. This division

The concept pays off – the business figures prove it. Jenoptik

started with internationalization early on because it primarily pro-

saw 60 percent of sales in 2011 abroad. In the growth region of

vides to the global automobile industry. “Close to the customer,

Asia, Jenoptik saw sales rise in 2011 by 55 percent over 2010; in

that’s the rule.”

dollars in America there was growth of around 20 percent. In both regions, sales in the next few years should rise significantly – both in absolute terms as well as in relation to total sales. “We’ve

Sales by region Germany € 50.5 m Europe € 41.5 m Asia/Pacific € 13.0 m America € 25.4 m

Middle East/Africa € 7.3 m

The Jenoptik locations, subsidiaries, and sales partners are in countries that are highlighted in blue. In the first quarter of 2012, Jenoptik could record an increase in sales in all markets outside Europe. America: sales in the NAFTA region plus 49.1 percent Germany: slight increase of 5.1 percent Europe: total sales minus 3.1 percent, declining business with European semiconductor customers Asia/Pacific: further growth Middle East/Africa: strongly dependent on single orders/projects

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JOE – internal program started for the harmonization of the process landscape. The goal is to have a common ERP throughout the Jenoptik Group. ERP

the Jenoptik Group. To convert to a uniform system, the advance harmoni-

stands for Enterprise Resource Planning and secures the efficient use of

zation of data and thus processes is essential. The structuring of the future

all enterprise resources and, thus, optimal business processes, based on a shared database.

process landscape, as well as the economic analysis, were concluded successfully in 2012. Teams are currently working out the future process landscape and the basics of the system that will be introduced step-by-step in the operational areas of Jenoptik starting in mid-2013. The pioneers are the Lasers & Material

JOE = Jenoptik One ERP.

Processing and Optical Systems divisions, who will first make the move to

An ERP system will now model and support all the processes of the Jenoptik

the new platform. The basis will be SAP, with which all Jenoptik departments around the world will be able to work. About 200 Jenoptik staff from five

Group. From the historical situation, there are still different systems in use in

divisions, Shared Services, and Corporate Center participate in the project.

got plenty of room above us in these regions,” says CEO Mertin.

from other industries, for example with orders for optical systems

Jenoptik proved that again in the first quarter of 2012, with sales

for the Asian flat screen monitor industry and for optoelectronic

from the NAFTA region about 50 percent above those from the

systems. For example, the collaboration with Dräger was recently

same period in the previous year. Especially the Industrial Metrol-

strengthened here. The Jenoptik Optical Systems division is also

ogy and Defense & Civil Systems divisions saw sharply increased

now working with the Lübeck company, with a corresponding

sales in North America.

cooperation agreement concluded in February 2012 for three years. One successful product from the collaboration with Dräger

“With our investment in research and development, in our sales structures and the expansion of our production capacity, we are investing in our own future.” (Michael Mertin) Over the course of the current fiscal year, Jenoptik is continuing this positive trend. Sales in the first quarter of 2012 were over ten percent higher than in the previous year, with operating profit reaching previous year’s level. The drop in margin in the

and Jenoptik sensor technology is already successful on the market. The thermal imaging camera for firefighters, the Dräger UCF 7000. Jenoptik provides the camera module for this camera, and was awarded the Dräger Innovation Award in 2012 for this module. You can read more about the camera and Jenoptik’s thermal image know-how on page 16 of this brochure.

“On the order side, our main target during this kind of growth is on delivery capacity and reliability.” (Michael Mertin)

first quarter of 2012 was due to a changed sales mix, but also to

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higher investment in research and development, in sales struc-

The trust of customers is demonstrated in order receipts in 2011,

tures, and in expansion of production capacity. “We are investing

which at 650 million euros was about 20 percent higher than

in our own future,” says Mertin. On the sales side, business with

in 2010. This also included several large orders, primarily for

the semiconductor industry fell in the first months of the year, but

the Traffic Solutions and Defense & Civil Systems divisions. The

less severely than had been expected. Jenoptik partly compen-

good order climate continued in the first quarter of 2012. The

sated for the drop with stronger systems business, that is, orders

Traffic Solutions division was able to win another large order.

with a high portion of value creation, and new key customers

For Malaysia, the division will deliver traffic safety systems and


services valued at over 40 million euros. Order intake from the

of 90 million euros, as well as cash in the amount of about

automobile industry remained at its high level. “On the order side,

65 million euros. “Compared to our liability situation of 260 mil-

our main target during this kind of growth is on delivery capacity

lion euros in 2006 and additional guarantees of Jenoptik to third

and reliability. There’s no point to receiving orders if in the end we

parties in the sum of more than 200 million euros, today’s situa-

cannot deliver them to the fullest possible satisfaction of our cus-

tion provides a secure basis for our future,” says Michael Mertin.

tomers,” says the Jenoptik CEO, considering the order backlog, which at the end of March, 2012, was at a continued high level

For the overall year of 2012, Jenoptik continues to be guardedly

of 462.1 million euros.

optimistic. Sales should rise by two to six percent, and the group operating result should lie between 40 and 50 million euros –

“For our growth, reduced net debt is a stable position that gives us room to negotiate.” (Rüdiger Andreas Günther)

depending on trends in the semiconductor business cycle. “Yes, so far we’ve seen a better semiconductor cycle than we anticipated, but uncertainty, including uncertainty about the economy as a whole, is not gone yet,” says Michael Mertin. He also notes the sovereign debt crisis of the industrial nations, still unresolved.

On the finance side, Jenoptik is in perfect shape for their future

Germany’s economy is robust, but very dependent on exports.

organic growth. The new Financial Director Rüdiger Andreas

In all, though, Jenoptik management has a confident view of the

Günther, who announced the quarterly figures for Jenoptik in

future. “Stable, sustainable development of the Group is impor-

May, 2012, is starting with a solid foundation. For years, Jenoptik

tant to us, and we’re on the right track.”

has had positive cash flow in the two-digit million range. With the bonded loan of October, 2011, Jenoptik has good terms for its medium- to long-term financing, and net debt was steady at 61 million euros at the end of March, 2012. At the same time, the liabilities to the silent real-estate investors were reduced. “For our growth – whether organic or by means of acquisitions – this is a stable position that gives us room to negotiate,” says Rüdiger Andreas Günther. Jenoptik has a free liquidity range of a total www.jenoptik.com

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Unplanned

stroke of genius Jana Dichelle

Moths don’t have it easy. Among the animal kingdom, they

optik for a team of six people, along with the new task lovingly

aren’t really our favorites; holes in our winter coats and kami-

called “Nanomoth” in company jargon. She studied ophthalmic

kaze runs into our candles just don’t make a good impression.

optics at Jena University of Applied Sciences, intending to work

But Susanne Gaumitz, optical engineer in the Optoelectronic

in the technology field later – until the variety of optical coatings

Systems business unit, can still gain something from them. Or

captured her heart.

more precisely: from their eyes. Because the fluttering insect is a master of antireflectivity from which human optical expert could

Now she operates the touch screen for the plasma ion source.

learn something indeed. The facetted eyes of nocturnal moths

The source is in a vacuum chamber sealed by a heavy door

always stay entirely black – no reflected light betrays the moth to

something like a safe’s. Once the vacuum is established, the

its enemies, and they use the meager light of dusk optimally to

violet plasma can shine, beautiful behind its view glass. But

find their own food.

what you can’t see is important: the plasma ions are fired at a lens and etch a structure into it – similar to that placed on the

The reason are tiny bumps no greater than 100 nanometers in

moth’s eye by nature.

size that are packed onto the surface of the facetted eyes and can be seen only under an electron microscope. The regular

Assistance from Mr. Accident.

pattern of bumps is smaller than the wavelength of visible light. So the light is not abruptly reflected. Instead, where the eye and

It was a stroke of luck that revealed this antireflective technique

the air meet, the index of refraction has a gentle, continuous

to Jenoptik. While researchers around the world were looking

transition – resulting in nearly perfect antireflective properties.

systematically for ways to produce the moth’s eye structure, Dr. Peter Munzert at Jena’s Fraunhofer Institute for Applied Optics

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Imitating nature with purple plasma.

and Fine Mechanics (IOF) more or less stumbled on it.

“When we want to find out the things nature is telling us, we

“Historically, we’ve really only used plasma treatments to pre-

humans need enormous technical effort,” says Susanne Gaumitz

pare surfaces so that the coating will hold better afterwards.

about the vacuum chamber in which she manufactures artificial

But I was entirely surprised once when I measured the transmis-

moth eye structures. The young engineer is responsible at Jen-

sion after preparation. The light transmission of a PMMA disk


The perfect antireflective coating, self-organizing: Fraunhofer Institute and Jenoptik

© Fraunhofer-Institut IOF

are emulating moth’s eyes with plasma etching.

(better known as Plexiglas) had actually improved after plasma etching. You would really have expected it to get worse, since you normally see absorption losses in this kind of situation,”

The left half of the lens is coated with Nanomoth and the right one is not. In the red box the moth eye structure under the electron microscope: The microscope images of moth eye structures both natural and from plasma etching show an uncanny resemblance to each other.

recalls Munzert, educated as a plastic engineer. But look: Under an electron microscope, it is clear that the plasma etching produces very small structures that were very similar to those eagerly sought in the moth’s eye. And miraculously, in a selforganizing manner, without planned intervention.

From the lab to the production plant in record time.

It works – but why? The smoothness of the invention’s transition from basic research Exactly how and why that happened, that is, how the ions

into the business world was even awarded a prize. The team at

were able to structure the surface at such small intervals and

the Fraunhofer Institute were pleased to accept the Thuringian

with such regularity, is something that nobody knows yet. “Our

Research Prize in February, 2012.

institute has set up our own research projects to make sense of it,” says Peter Munzert. But even without an exact clarification

At Jenoptik, meanwhile, collaboration with the Fraunhofer Insti-

of the “why”, the discovery was quickly used in practice. The

tute continues – people talk on the phone or email, and in the

duration and intensity of the ion beam were refined until the

worst case the 50 km between Triptis and Jena aren’t much of

aspect ratio of the structures, that is, the relationships between

a distance by car. “The physical proximity helps,” says Susanne

height, width, and gaps between them, were ideal. Then it was

Gaumitz, naming one success factor for the Nanomoth in Trip-

time to give the child a name and let it out into the world. The

tis. “We’ve worked intensively together for years, of course, on

patent was filed under the name of ARplas®, and Jenoptik was

the development of optical coatings,” adds Peter Munzert.

one of the first licensees. For two years now, Jenoptik has offered moth’s eye antireflective coating using plasma etching as a commercial product.

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So the Triptis team were already well equipped. A system for the

Shape-neutral regularity.

etching of nanostructures was available immediately, because Fraunhofer researchers had installed it years ago. However, its

And the Nanomoth cuts a good figure on a variety of surface

original purpose was primarily to coat lenses with plasma-assist-

configurations. On spherical lenses, for example. Here, the

ed vacuum sputtering. Now one and the same machine is also

reflection is suppressed in a color-neutral manner right to the

used to create the moth’s eye structures using plasma etching.

edge – fully evenly, without the distorting color fringes that can result from classical coating. But smooth surfaces, irregular

From endoscopy to display.

shapes, and complex structures like optical grates on binary lenses, can also be given regular, effective antireflective proper-

The perfect antireflective coating on nearly any surface shape –

ties thanks to the Nanomoth.

Jenoptik is one of the few manufacturers anywhere in the world that can implement that dream goal. The Nanomoth is already being greeted by the market with great interest. Well-known companies, primarily in medical technology, the pharmaceutical industry, and optical technology, are already customers and are using lenses with moth’s eye structures from Triptis in their equipment. From automobile valves and monitoring cameras to medical technology applications like endoscopy to displays of all kinds that can provide clear, high-contrast images – the applications, markets, and opportunities are countless.

Susanne Gaumitz at the touch screen to the vacuum chamber. New systems were not necessary because Jenoptik had the latest technology already available.

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www.jenoptik.com/en-optical-systems www.iof.fraunhofer.de/en.html

Highlight for Peter Munzert (2nd from left): The Thuringian Research Prize is awarded to his team and presented by Thuringia’s minister for science Christoph Matschie (right), also to the delight of Jenoptik Chairman Michael Mertin (2nd from right).

Highly sensitive Nanomoth.

sights on Nanomoth’s contact sensitivity. “We’re working at IOF on increasing the wear resistance of the structured surfaces,”

“But there is one disadvantage,” says Susanne Gaumitz. “The

explains Peter Munzert, “and we have some very promising ap-

nanostructured surfaces are sensitive to the touch.” So for

proaches.”

glasses or exposed optical surfaces, this type of antireflective coating isn’t yet an option.

So we’re not quite to the point where our eyeglasses can get a Nanomoth coating. But this summer, we may at least have a

But for the inner sides of display covers and any internal lenses

somewhat milder and even respectful attitude for the fluttering

such as those used in complex lenses – really, any application

night creatures that still have something to teach us humans

for plastic which can’t be touched anyway – the Nanomoth is

about nearly perfect antireflectivity.

already the method of choice. Researchers have already set their

Scrutinizing the core wire of the plasma ion source.

Careful: Regine Lanyi from the Production department must not touch the nanostructured surfaces, otherwise everything is lost.

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Everything normal. Cornelia Ehrler

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Precision is their strictest requirement – and now the Jenoptik Industrial Metrology division is able to share their decades of experience with the highest German metrology authority once more. Together with the Federal Physical-Technical Institute, the division has developed excellent and extremely precise metrology solutions that are improving the quality control of the entire automobile industry.

Precision ensures quality. That’s true not only for sportsmen and

precisely than ever, not only in terms of system geometry, but

surgeons, but also for automobile manufacturers and, in the

now also in terms of cam interlock and evaluation strategy.”

end, for each and every driver. Only precise, perfectly working vehicles are safe, environmentally friendly, and fuel-efficient – a

Cam standard for more quality in measurement.

look at the gas pump might make that even more relevant for drivers today.

“This kind of measurement device has already worked reliably in the past to demonstrate the exactness of camshafts,” says the

The central point for the functional perfection of an internal

engineer in Villingen-Schwenningen. But until now there was no

combustion engine are the camshafts used to control the valves,

option for relating measured values to national or international

among other things. “Specifications such as the cam profile, the

standards, directives, or norms. “Our certified cam standard is

element angle, and cam dimensions must be followed exactly,”

now the original metric by means of which all measurement

explains Reiner Emminger, “because even for deviations of a few

results from shaft meters can be compared. That strengthens

hundredths of a millimeter, fuel consumption and exhaust emis-

the quality control for camshafts to an enormous extent.”

sions rise. That’s the precision we use when fabricating measurement devices and developing assessment strategies and software

The cam standard was ground from a piece of tool steel, and is

modules to ensure that camshafts in the automobile and OEM

300 millimeters long, weighing 1.4 kilograms. The dimensions of

industry are measured and evaluated reliably.” The applications

the standard – as a model for a camshaft that would work in an

engineer at the Industrial Metrology division has intensively

engine – were specified by the PTB as target contours with a tac-

accompanied the research project with the Federal Physical-

tile shape measuring device, and a tactile coordinate measuring

Technical Institute (PTB) in Braunschweig and a partner from the

device. “We provided the PTB with our HOMMEL-ETAMIC CMF

automotive industry. The result: a cam standard certified by the

3010 measuring device, with which all the test measurements on

PTB as a so-called system control master shaft, with which shaft

the cam standard were carried out,” reports Reiner Emminger.

measurement devices in the industry “can be verified even more

All geometrically relevant features of camshafts were examined,

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The cam standard certified by the PTB serves as an original metric by means of which all measurement results from shaft meters can be compared.

Emminger says, explaining the difference. The DAkkS certificate does suffice for most customers, however. The camshaft research project was started with the PTB and automobile supplier Mahle about five years ago. “We had already worked with the PTB before, for example with standardization and guidelines for accreditation. And in 2002 we worked together to develop the KN8 contour standard.” Mahle was involved as the industrial partner for the cam standard because they had already used different camshaft measuring machines from the such as the cam shape, angle, diameter, roundness and straight-

Jenoptik division in measurement chambers and in final inspec-

ness. The PTB calculated the measurement results, determined

tions, and showed great interest in the traceability of assess-

the associated measurement uncertainty, and then issued a

ments. The team lead in Mahle product development in Stuttgart

certificate for the cam standard.

confirmed how important this PTB-certified cam standard is: “Just for its traceability and comparability, the new cam standard

Higher precision for the automobile industry.

is much more reliable for measurements, and that improves our quality in all of our production facilities.”

One cam standard was fabricated for Jenoptik as part of the research project, while a second is kept by PTB in Braunschweig.

Additional certificate for metrology software.

Customers from the automobile industry will be able to choose

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between two certificates for their cam standard: either one

To be able to measure and evaluate shape and orientation char-

certified by the PTB or one provided by Jenoptik and certified by

acteristics of camshafts adequately, special evaluation strategies

the German Accreditation Agency (DAkkS). Currently, the first

and algorithms are required. “These have never been integrated

“DAkkS Cam Shape Laboratory” is being installed at the Jenoptik

into the system testing of cam shape measurement machines

Industrial Metrology division in Villingen-Schwenningen, which

because no standardization of the evaluation procedure existed,”

can be used to certify the cam standard with “slightly higher

explains Reiner Emminger. There are often error sources hidden

permissible measurement deviation than with the PTB,” as Reiner

in the evaluation of such complex datasets, for example due


www.jenoptik.com > Industrial Metrology

to computing with rounded values. The PTB thus also provides

software in shaft metrology. And together with the PTB-certified

certified test datasets as well, which can be used to check the

cam standard, it is an excellent solution for more precision, reli-

software in use. The basis for these test records is the HOMMEL-

ability, and quality in camshaft metrology.

ETAMIC TURBO SHAFT evaluation software. Entirely aligned with the spirit of “Sharing Excellence” – the sharing of know-how with partners – the Jenoptik division provided the PTB with datasets, so-called evaluation algorithms for camshaft measurements that had been optimized in the field for decades. “The PTB used our algorithms to generate test data and evaluated them as simulated measurements with TURBO SHAFT. Comparison with reference results provided an extremely low measurement uncertainty of less than a micrometer,” notes the application engineer. In return, the TURBO SHAFT evaluation software received a PTB certification – an award unique in the world for this type of

Application engineer Reiner Emminger, here at the HOMMEL-ETAMIC roundscan, has intensively accompanied the research project with the PTB.

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© Dräger we

. KGaA rk AG & Co

Katrin Lauterbach ch

Clear view for people saving lives.

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Things are on fire, smoke everywhere, maybe there are people missing – every second counts in a situation like this. In a fire, rescue personnel have to be able to orient themselves quickly, and rely on their equipment 100 percent. Technical systems that are increasingly essential in any rescue situation must also be very easy and intuitive to operate. Measurement results are read off in seconds, interpreted, and used to make life-and-death decisions. With the new UCF thermal imaging camera, the Lübeck company Dräger has brought a successful product to market that is now in use by firefighters around the world. The heart of the camera, the infrared module, is made by Jenoptik.

Dräger and Jenoptik worked together on these thermal imaging

can then be extinguished specifically. Dräger offers the UCF cam-

cameras, designed especially for rescue personnel. In fire, smoke,

era family in different equipment variants, for example also in-

and darkness, infrared images provide vital information – both

cluding a recording function or suitability for potentially explosive

to allow rescue personnel to get around and also to help find

atmospheres. One great plus of these cameras, however, is their

people and hot spots. “When there’s smoke, firefighters cannot

simple and intuitive operation. This permits the safe and reliable

see, so normally they feel their way forward. That takes time, and

use of the camera – and more importantly, its full functionality –

it’s difficult and dangerous,” says Dr. Bernd Spellenberg, portfolio

under even the most difficult of conditions.

manager for thermal imaging cameras at Dräger. “With infrared images, firefighters can see,” he says, highlighting the primary application of thermal imaging cameras. Smoke particles, says the Dräger specialist, are small in comparison to the wavelength of thermal light, so the camera more or less sees right through the smoke. “That allows personnel to orient themselves and to see quickly if, for example, people are still in the building,” says Dr. Spellenberg.

© Drägerwerk AG & Co. KGaA

For the specific tasks that firefighters face, Dräger UCF cameras are ideal. They can be operated with one hand, they are light and nearly indestructible, they provide clear images by adapting automatically to varying light levels, and they have a built-in laser pointer. The pointer can be used to show others hot spots that

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That functionality includes thermal images in high quality in sec-

of this year, Dräger even awarded Jenoptik their supplier award in

onds combined with different display options, such as still frames

the category of “Innovation” for this work. Dräger demands very

or video and sound recordings. The camera also allows you to

specific requirements from their strategic suppliers, says Stefan

“see around corners”, for example when movement is restricted

Dräger, Chairman of the Board of Directors of Dräger, at the

or there is no view. At the push of a button, the mode can be

awards ceremony in March of this year, to which over 100 of the

changed to match the situation, whether that’s fighting fire,

company’s suppliers had been invited. “The requirement for being

search and rescue of people, or looking for hot spots. “It’s these

listed as a strategic partner at Dräger is to have the same passion

many ‘little things’ that add up to innovation that has never be-

for ‘Technology for Life’ as Dräger puts it in their company motto.

fore been available on the market,” summarizes Dr. Spellenberg.

It must be possible to rely on the products and their quality at any

He adds that customers tell him that the UCF 9000 sets new stan-

time.”

dards. The UCF 9000 is the top version of the camera family, with higher resolution and more functionality than its siblings the UCF

Jenoptik is a specialist in thermal imaging systems and modules

7000 and UCF 6000. UCF, by the way, stands for “You See Fire”.

that are primarily developed and manufactured for applications in industry, science, and security. “In Dräger, we have a strong

The infrared module for the UCF cameras is a Jenoptik product.

partner in the market for thermal imaging cameras and are

Functions, interfaces, and user interfaces were all developed and

entering new sales markets,” says Jenoptik CEO Michael Mertin.

adapted to one another over the course of two years of collabo-

“The know-how we’ve gained from this collaboration is not just

ration between Dräger and Jenoptik. The camera modules have

useful for our sensor business, but also opens up new topics for

been in production in Jena since 2010, manufactured to the

collaboration.” Since 2012, for example, Dräger and Jenoptik

fullest possible satisfaction of Jenoptik’s partner Dräger. In spring

have also worked together closely in the area of optoelectronic system solutions. Jenoptik will develop and fabricate integrated optoelectronic modules and systems for Dräger. Jenoptik once again displayed its competence to its advantage, especially due to its entire in-house process chain – from optics and electronics development to software development.

www.jenoptik.com/dcs

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The Jena FireCam team proudly presents the award: During the Dräger supplier conference in March, 2012, Jenoptik received the award as Dräger Key Supplier in the category of Innovation.

Thermal images in photo quality. Jenoptik presents their new high-resolution thermography camera in the United States.

The VarioCam® HD thermography camera, presented for the first time at the end of April, 2012, in Baltimore, Maryland, at the SPIE Defense, Security and Sensing Symposium and at the Hannover Trade Show in Germany, is the world’s first handheld, uncooled thermography camera with megapixel infrared resolution and an integrated laser range finder. The new VarioCAM® HD thermography cameras developed by the Defense & Civil Systems division take individual pictures and image sequences at up to 3.1 megapixels resolution – nearly photo quality. Three megapixels may not sound impressive, but resolutions for thermal imaging cameras sensitive in the infrared spectrum normally fall between a few thousand and several hundred thousand pixels – really in the “kilopixel” range. The camera is also equipped with a laser range finder that is not dangerous to the human eye. A GPS module even permits the additional embedding of geodata into the thermograms. The high-quality lenses developed especially for the VarioCAM® HD camera series are designed and produced by the Optical Systems division. Typical application areas for the new thermography cameras are the areas of industrial and scientific research and development, preventive maintenance, and building thermography.

19


Cornelia Ehrler

The galloping elephant. Bollywood, curry, and Tikka Masala chicken – when you’re talk-

addition to English and Hindi as the official languages, India

ing about national clichés, those are the hit exports of India, the

officially recognizes 21 regional languages; a total of over 100

seventh-largest country on Earth, and South Asia’s economic

languages are spoken in the 28 federal states.

engine. And think about the film musicals from the center of the Indian cinema factory around Mumbai which plunge the viewer

By 2020, India will be the world’s third largest automobile

into a world of dance, song, and joy in life that simply can’t be

market. Even today, the streets of the metropolises are full with

beat for color and melodrama. If you could smell films, spices

thousands upon thousands of small cars and buses, but also

like cardamom, coriander, and chili would certainly be there. But

rickshaws and cows, which makes mobility on Indian streets an

the country is far more than just exotic cuisine and the color of

adventure. For the automotive manufacturer, India is second only

Bollywood.

to China as a booming auto market, especially for compact cars. This is why the leading international automobile manufactur-

Located between the Himalayas, the Indian Ocean, and the Gulf

ers and suppliers have been represented by production facilities

of Bengal, India is a land of superlatives, with an ethnic, religious,

in India for the past few years. These industries are Jenoptik’s

and cultural variety second to none. With over 1.2 billion citizens,

precise target with its own Indian presence, which markets the

st

India is also the largest democracy in the world. By the mid-21

product portfolio of Industrial Metrology from its location in

century it is expected to have passed current frontrunner China

Bangalore and which is open to all the other Jenoptik divisions,

as the most populous nation. India is home to more millionaires

too.

and billionaires than any country in the world except Japan. In

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Since 2008, the growth market of India has been an important support point for Jenoptik‘s expansion in the Asian market. Spreading out from the Indian “Silicon Valley” around Bangalore, especially the Industrial Metrology division is pioneering the further opening up of the subcontinent between Bollywood and high-tech.

Liberalization opens market to foreign companies.

the Silicon Valley of Asia. It is this technopolis where Jenoptik decided to locate its Indian headquarters and applications center

This kind of company foundations only became possible after a

for Industrial Metrology.

radical economic reorientation in India at the beginning of the 1990’s. The idea was to overcome decades of a quasi-planned economy and fend off the threatening bankruptcy of the state. Among other things, customs duties were reduced and foreign investment simplified, ushering in the boom years, with annual growth rates in the gross domestic product of over 5 percent. The elephant – a symbol for the subcontinent – accelerated its heretofore easy pace. Economic liberalization, market opening, and legal stability favored the relocation of many international high-tech companies, especially from segments like information technology, electronics, machine tools, and semiconductors. In particular in Bangalore, well-known companies moved in, building a reputation for the region in the southern state of Karnataka as

21


The Indian colleagues celebrated the 20th corporate anniversary of Jenoptik in 2011 together with their families (in the middle: general manager K. Srinivasan).

The Bangalore employees in front of their headquarters.

Industrial Metrology in India.

ETAMIC Metrology India Pvt. Ltd. Of those 21 employees, 13 work in Bangalore; three each work in the regional offices in

But the company history of industrial metrology in India goes fur-

Chennai and Pune, as well as two in Delhi. “We don’t produce

ther back than the foundation of the joint venture in June, 2008,

anything locally here in India,” explains Srinivasan, “rather, we

recalls K. Srinivasan. “Even back in 1986, the Swiss company

handle technical sales and support after-sales activity of the divi-

Movomatic had a presence in India, represented by sales part-

sion in India.” The metrology applications center in Bangalore also

ner Francis Klein. The French Etamic Group came in 2000.” The

demonstrates all the key products of the division from Germany,

acquisition of the Etamic-Movomatic Group by Jenoptik in 2006

France, and Switzerland.

allowed Jenoptik to expand its global market and brand presence in industrial metrology into this market as well.

The fact that Jenoptik is not alone in seeing “infinite opportunities” in economic relations between India and Germany is made

22

Jenoptik started in Bangalore with five employees. “Now, 21

clear by the “Year of Germany” taking place in India until Novem-

people work here at HEMI,” says Srinivasan, using what almost

ber, 2012, under that motto. Economists expect that India will

sounds like a pet name for the Jenoptik subsidiary HOMMEL-

become the third largest domestic economy in the world, after


Facts and Figures about India. Name of the country: Republic of India

Form of government: parliamentary democracy

Capital city: New Delhi

Head of State: President Pratibha Devisingh Patil

Area: 3.28 million square kilometers Population: 1.21 billion people

Head of Government: Prime Minister Dr. Manmohan Singh

(Census 2011) Languages: Hindi and English as official languages plus 21 recognized

Administrative structure: 28 states Currency: Indian rupee Gross domestic product (GDP) 2010: 1.632 billion US dollar GDP per capita 2011: 1,370 US dollar

regional languages Religions: Hinduism, Islam,

Sources: German Federal Foreign Office (September 2011),

Christianity, Sikhism Census India 2011 (censusindia.gov.in/), Germany Trade & Invest (GTAI) National day: August 15, Independence Day

China and the United States. The Indian elephant is catching up

Economic reform or electoral success.

to the Chinese dragon, thanks to the accelerated reform and the long-term favorable demographics of billions of labor force.

In 2012, however, the dynamics of Indian growth have seemed to ebb. The International Monetary Fund forecasts economic

The dark side of the growing megasociety.

growth of 6.9 percent this year, well under previous years with over 8 percent but still much more dynamic than in the euro

But the growth and variety have their dark side, too. The rapid

zone with a predicted growth of 1.4 percent this year. Experts

demographic growth cannot offset the extreme mass poverty in

consider another economic opening in India, for example in retail

agrarian regions; about a fourth of the population lives below the

trade, necessary especially to solve the enormous problem of

poverty line on less than one US dollar per day. With a very low

poverty in this nation strongly focused on the domestic market.

per capita income and enormous deficits in the social infrastruc-

On the other hand, not only the political opposition of Prime

ture, India remains a developing nation according to the estimates

Minister Manmohan Singh, but also a majority of the poor rural

of the German Foreign Office. Many social indicators of health, life

population is against this move. They see foreign investors as a

expectancy, and education even lie below the average values of

new species of their old British colonial masters. Further reforms

sub-Saharan Africa.

are being postponed, because important elections will be held at the end of this year for which the government needs the support

Then there are the religious and social conflicts, such as those in

of the poor segment of the population. For the galloping Indian

the disputed Kashmir region or the phenomenon of the caste sys-

elephant, this may simply be a breathing break in its marathon

tem. Going back to the Portuguese word “casta”, meaning “race”

run to the world championship.

or “origin”, the concept of castes originally allowed the colonial powers in India to distinguish between the different social levels of the Hindus. The caste system was officially abolished with the Indian constitution of 1949, but the divisions from the Brahmins down to the “untouchables” considered unclean still remain today, and influence more than just marriage and the choice of careers.

www.jenoptik.com > Industrial Metrology > Our companies

23


Together with researchers at the Friedrich Schiller University of Jena, Jenoptik has developed an exhaust purification system that uses microwave radiation to obtain a higher efficiency than any other system on the market.

The link between

Popcorn and Cornelia Ehrler

Microwave radiation is an essential part of our everyday lives

time-consuming. But microwaves time-consuming microwaves, thanks tto their long wave-

today. Discovered accidentally in the 1940’s during a military

length, penetrate deep into polymers and heat them from the

radar research project, the use of microwaves in ovens was

inside – regardless of their heat conductivity and without heating

initially restricted to commercial kitchens, then later entered

the furnace or its vicinity. That saves time and is more energy-

private households, profoundly influencing the culinary culture

efficient.

of the industrial nations. Foods can be quickly and easily heated and reheated, whether they’re the leftovers from Sunday’s grill or

Microwave radiation for purification of air.

the Chinese food in the refrigerator. And what would the home theater experience be without microwave popcorn? And by the

It is precisely this feature of microwave radiation that has been

way: popcorn was a decisive influence on the development of

recently used by Jenoptik for industrial exhaust purification. Sys-

microwave technology. It was the first food prepared specifically

tems for exhaust purification have been developed and manu-

in this manner – as a test in the military research lab.

factured by Jenoptik for the last ten years, rounding out the laser system portfolio for material processing.

In addition to the food industry, other industrial sectors also make

24

use of microwave technology, which converts electromagnetic

This type of purification system is essential for every process in

energy into heat. Especially the plastics processing industry has

material processing that produces volatile organic compounds

used the advantages of heating by microwave radiation since the

like dust or vapor, or that uses solvents. They filter hazardous

late 1960’s. Many polymers have a very low heat conductivity,

materials out of the exhaust air and ensure that clean air is used

so conventional methods for heating plastic surfaces can be very

in production.


clean air. Microwave technology now offers a new approach for exhaust

the latter process, released hazardous materials such as dust or

air purification. In line with the Jenoptik motto “Sharing Excel-

vapors are deposited on the surface of a solid material. Heating

lence”, the staff of the Jenoptik Lasers & Material Processing

releases these adsorbed materials again and directs them into a

division in Jena, working together with the Institute for Technical

catalytic afterburner, where they oxidize into carbon dioxide and

Chemistry and Environmental Chemistry (ITUC) at Friedrich Schil-

water vapor.

ler University of Jena, have succeeded in developing a “microwave-assisted technology” for exhaust air purification.

This catalytic exhaust purification is based on a controlled chemical reaction of the hazardous materials with the catalyzer, for

Adsorption and catalysis.

which a certain temperature must first be achieved. “Conventional systems require a certain warm-up time, sometimes over an

Basically, Jenoptik’s Katasorb purification systems – as the name

hour,” explains Ronald Krippendorf, plant manager for Katasorb

implies – work on two principles: catalysis and adsorption. In

in Jena-Göschwitz. With the KATASORB™ M exhaust purifica-

25


Much know-how in the team: As of recently, Dr. Thomas Krech (2nd from left) has been part of the Katasorb team next to Dr. Stefan Häcker, Sven Matthes-Orlet, Matthias Giesel and Ronald Krippendorf (from left).

tion system, on the other hand, microwaves are used to heat

course, reliable exhaust purification, for example in the plastic

the catalyzer material more quickly than in any other system on

and printing industries, works at lower throughput as well.

the market. “Without long preheat times, our system is ready to operate immediately after it’s started,” explains the plant man-

Premieres in the anniversary year.

ager, describing the most important advantage of the system. Heat transport losses during heating and cooling of the system

In the year of their tenth anniversary, Jenoptik Katasorb presented

are minimized, because only the so-called catalyzer bed has to

a new customer-oriented solution that resulted from close coop-

be heated with microwaves.

eration with the University of Jena. “Thanks to our good partnership, we have employed a postdoctoral research fellow from

Another advantage of the new exhaust purification system is

ITUC and thus gained important know-how for our development

its tolerance to variation. This applies to processes with severe

efforts,” enthuses Ronald Krippendorf about the reinforcement of

fluctuations in hazardous material content, explains Ronald Krip-

his team. He is particularly proud of another first in the anniver-

pendorf. “Our system can react much more quickly to changing

sary year: “We will be represented at ACHEMA for the first time

operating circumstances. For example, if the concentration of

in 2012!” This chemistry conference is among the most important

hazardous material in the exhaust rises quickly, the system can

in the areas of chemical technology, environmental protection,

immediately be connected. If the content of hazardous mate-

and biotechnology. And now it has offered the Jena developers

rial falls back below the limits permitted by law, the system can

the opportunity to present their microwave-assisted exhaust air

be turned back off immediately without any cooling phase.” Of

purification system to the technical community for the first time.

The exhaust purification system KATASORBTM M meets the requirement of variable flow volume and is ready to operate nearly immediately after its start.

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The KATASORBTM M system reacts adequately to different levels of pollutant concentration in non-linear processes and, thus, minimizes running costs.

The ubiquity of microwave technology in our everyday lives may make this seem simple, but it was actually the results of decades of global research, as Ronald Krippendorf explains. “The first work in heating catalytically active materials with microwave radiation were described by people at Queens University in Ontario in 1982.” But implementation in industrial applications took a long time. “At first, there were no suitable catalyzer materials that had all the required characteristics at once. And there were no magnetrons powerful enough.” Magnetrons are the vacuum electron tubes that act as efficient generators of microwave radiation. As

Compared to other systems, which have reached their operating temperature not less than after an hour, the exhaust purification system from Jenoptik is ready to operate shortly after its start already.

knowledge accumulated about the interplay between alternating electromagnetic fields and catalyzer materials, it finally became possible to translate the theory into machine designs. The result is an excellent solution for exhaust air purification for the customer, who can use the microwave-assisted KATASORB™ M system not only to save time, but also investment and operating costs. And it demonstrates once again that “Sharing Excellence” – the sharing of knowledge with colleagues, partners, and customers – is more than just a clever saying for Jenoptik. We’ll take popcorn with that!

www.jenoptik.com/Internet_EN_Abluftreinigungsanlagen

The catalyst material is directly heated by microwave radiation. That is why the exhaust purification system KATASORBTM M requires only a fraction of the energy needed to reach the operating temperature. The catalyst temperature is lower than with conventional systems. That reduces heating costs.

27


With the 39th edition of their “tangent” arts series, under the title “Etudes from pi”, Jenoptik presents fiber optic plastics and drawings by the American artist Yvette Kaiser Smith. She shows the high-tech character of handiwork – a contrast welcome at Jenoptik.

meets high-tech. Silvia Scharlock

Crochet work by the American artist Yvette Kaiser Smith have

size awaken a feeling of filigree in the viewer, seeming light and

been open for viewing by the public since mid-April of this year

fragile. The meshes correspond to a number assigned to a color.

in the foyer of the Ernst Abbe Tower in Jena. However, crochet in

This makes the mesh a component, a molecule in a network-like

the traditional sense as many of us may remember from school

structure that is possible in infinite variations. And the material

has little to do with the works of Yvette Kaiser Smith. The artist

adds a little more: It gives the plastics stability and lets them truly

combines the traditional craft technique with high-tech materi-

float in space.

als like fiberglass and plastic resin. That’s what makes this work so entirely different in appearance from traditional handicraft or

Internationality and mathematics in association.

crocheted sweaters. “With Yvette Kaiser Smith, we are hosting an American artist

Mathematics as structural foundation.

with a strong reference to the international orientation of our Group,” says Jenoptik CEO Michael Mertin at the opening of the

The artworks of Yvette Kaiser Smith present different mathemat-

exhibition. “And we have succeeded yet again in creating an as-

ical numbers and numeric sequences. Sequences of pi, prime

sociation between its content and our company,” he continues.

numbers, or Fibonacci sequences* provide the basic framework

The works of Yvette Kaiser Smith show the interplay between

for the mesh-like three-dimensional forms, which despite their

technology, science, and art. They are appropriate to the topic

Etude from e: 7 in 4

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Etude from e...642742746

Biography of Yvette Kaiser Smith Born in Prague in 1958 1969 moved to the US 1990 Bachelor of Fine Arts at the Southern Methodist University of Dallas, Texas 1994 Master of Fine Arts at the University of Chicago, Illinois

of “Sharing Excellence” that has motivated Jenoptik for years:

Started her career as a traditional sculptor, then moved

the interplay between industry and research, the partnership

to crocheting with fiber optics by the end of the 1990s

between company, customers, and partners.

Guest lecturer for art history and art theory

The artist, born in Prague in 1958, received her artistic education Exhibitions 2011 “Etudes from Pi“, Chicago 2008 “Digits“, Chigaco

Summer School of Art in Norfolk, Connecticut, as well as at the

2006 “Installations“ Southwestern Illinois College

University of Chicago. Two decades of work and exhibitions in

2001 “Nonlinear Feedback”, University of Wisconsin

the United States have given Yvette Kaiser Smith a well-earned

1998 “Metaphors“, Wayne State University Detroit

place in the US art scene. She lives and works in Chicago. In her

In university galleries in the US, Rom, Berlin

work, Yvette Kaiser Smith bridges the interfaces between the

In US embassies in Moscow, Ankara, Abuja (Nigeria)

fiber arts (contemporary textile art), traditional sculpture, and

Public commissions 2011 Hyatt Regency Hotel, Scottsdale, Arizona 2008 Ritz Carlton Residences, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania Awards 2009 Artists Fellowship Award, Illinois Arts Council 2002 Connoisseurs Award 1995 H. R. Meininger Co. Award Various art prizes in Illinois

30

at the Southern Methodist University in Dallas, Texas, the Yale

concept art.


Pi in Pascal’s Triangle Round

Visitors to the opening of the exhibition were impressed by

initiated a promising partnership on which they hope to build in

this interplay and the combination of natural science, high-tech

the future. “We want to continue the tradition of our tangent

materials, and art. Yvette Kaiser Smith consciously eschewed

series,” explains Michael Mertin. “Since 1994, it has established a

introductory words that explain the exhibition, instead encour-

firm place in the event calendars of the region. But the design of

aging the public to come to her directly with questions. In

art exhibitions is not part of the core competencies of the Jenop-

numerous discussions, the interested guests took the opportu-

tik team. So we’ve placed this task into experienced hands,” he

nity to exchange ideas with the artist.

adds. Armin Huber and Torsten Treff have followed Jenoptik’s art engagement from the beginning and will now be valuable advi-

Combining competences.

sors for future Jenoptik exhibitions.

Jenoptik’s tangent exhibition series looks back on nearly 20

The current exhibition can be seen in Jena’s Ernst Abbe Tower

years of tradition. But there was still something novel in the 39th

until August 31, 2012.

exhibition: For the first time, the exhibition was curated by the Jena art dealers Huber & Treff. With this change, Jenoptik has

www.jenoptik.com/Internet_EN_Sponsoring

* wikipedia: The Fibonacci sequence is an infinite sequence of numbers (the Fibonacci numbers) in which each successive number is obtained by adding the two previous numbers (0, 1, 1, 2, 3, 5, 8, 13, 21, 34, 55,...). The sequence can be shown graphically in the form of a spiral, for example.

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+ 49 3641 65-2484

E-Mail pr@jenoptik.com

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